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Johnson County War Collection
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Collection Overview
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The collection consists of primary and secondary source material on the Johnson County War of 1892, focusing on and around the town of Buffalo, Wyoming. It includes manuscripts related to the Johnson County invasion, alleged cattle rustling, the death of George Wellman and case against Thomas Hathaway, the 1892 fire at Fort McKinney, and various financial and social issues facing Johnson County in the 1890s. The original material includes correspondence, legal papers, Pinkerton’s National Detective Agency reports, newspaper clippings, and some photographs. The secondary material consists of essays, articles, and ephemera relating to Wyoming history.
The Johnson County War, also known as the Wyoming Range War, centered on Johnson, Natrona, and Converse Counties, Wyoming, in April and May 1892. The dispute was the result of tensions between the interests of big cattlemen and small ranchers, many of whom were accused of being cattle rustlers. Most of the counties’ largest cattle outfits, and most prominent and wealthiest individuals, belonged to the Wyoming Stock Growers Association (WSGA).
697 items
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