UC San Diego. Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Visibility Laboratory Records

Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
Copyright 2019
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla 92093-0175

Descriptive Summary

Languages: English
Contributing Institution: Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla 92093-0175
Title: UC San Diego. Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Visibility Laboratory Records
Creator: Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Visibility Laboratory
Identifier/Call Number: SAC 0038
Physical Description: 33.4 Linear feet (33 record cartons and 1 archives box)
Date (inclusive): 1937-2003 (bulk 1944-1987)
Abstract: The Visibility Laboratory conducted research in the fields of optics and underwater visibility. Funded primarily through U.S. government contracts, Laboratory researchers studied problems of camouflage, detection, atmospheric optics, and remote sensing of the Earth and oceans. The records document the administration and contract history of the Laboratory.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Visibility Laboratory conducted research in the fields of optics and underwater visibility. Funded primarily through U.S. government contracts, Laboratory researchers studied problems of camouflage, detection, atmospheric optics, and remote sensing of the Earth and oceans. The records document the administration and contract history of the Laboratory, from its World War II beginnings at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology until its 1987 disestablishment after more than three decades at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

Administrative History

The Visibility Laboratory was founded in 1939 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) by Dr. Seibert Quimby Duntley and Dr. Arthur Hardy. Initially funded by the Works Progress Administration, the Laboratory focused on the problem of surface camouflage in the event of an aerial attack. As World War II continued, the National Defense Research Committee (NDRC) broadened the Laboratory's scope of research, funding studies in target detection, the visibility of underwater objects, and the detection of downed pilots.
In 1948, on the recommendation of the National Research Council, the Visibility Laboratory received U.S. Navy support to conduct research on ocean visibility problems. This increased emphasis on oceanic research influenced the Laboratory's 1952 move from MIT to the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), where it was housed at the Navy Electronics Laboratory in Point Loma, San Diego.
A successful move to SIO depended greatly on continued funding for staff and research projects while the Laboratory transitioned. Contracts were secured with the Bureau of Ships, the Office of Naval Research, and the Air Force. Once established at SIO, the Laboratory's research agenda expanded to include atmospheric optics, optical remote sensing, scientific instrumentation development, and digital image processing. This expansion was a result of the many major collaborations with international, federal, and private organizations.
At SIO, the Laboratory's research was structured in three teams: theoretical, electronic, and mechanical. These teams reported to an assistant director, who in turn reported to the director of the Visibility Laboratory. The director reported to the Vice Chancellor of Marine Sciences. The Visibility Laboratory flourished at SIO for 35 years, and was a nationally recognized expert in the field of visibility.
The Visibility Laboratory was disestablished on July 31, 1987. The size of its research staff had dwindled throughout the 1980s, and its offsite location in Point Loma had become a significant barrier to multidisciplinary research projects with SIO students and faculty. The Laboratory closed and the few remaining principal investigators transitioned to positions elsewhere at SIO, or became consultants, in order to continue their research. Major research projects underway in the late 1980s continued, in part, under Roswell Austin.
Directors Seibert Q. Duntley: Duntley was the founding director of the Visibility Laboratory. From 1939 to 1975, Duntley established the Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), spearheaded its research throughout World War II, and guided its subsequent move to the Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO) in 1952. Duntley resigned as Director of the Visibility Laboratory in 1975 and continued to teach and conduct research until 1977.
James L. Harris, Sr.: Harris succeeded Duntley as director of the Visibility Laboratory in 1975, and served until his resignation in 1979. An integral part of the Laboratory's research program, he conducted studies on the mathematical modeling of human vision and digital imagery.
Roswell Austin: Roswell Austin was director of the Visibility Laboratory from 1980 to 1987, after serving as Laboratory manager for decades. Austin faced downsizing problems as many of the Laboratory's academic staff left and no suitable replacements were found. His retirement coincided with the official disestablishment of the Visibility Laboratory on July 31, 1987, though he continued to actively consult and conduct research.

Preferred Citation

UC San Diego. Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Visibility Laboratory Records. SAC 38. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

Acquisition Information

Acquired 1987-2017.



Publication Rights

Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.

Digital Content

Negative archive indices in Series 9 have been digitized, and are available through links in the container list.


Original audiovisual materials are restricted. Patrons may request user copies for non-digitized items in advance of their visit.

Related Materials

Seibert Q. Duntley Papers. SMC 58. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.
John E. Tyler Papers. SMC 168. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.
Rudolph W. Preisendorfer Papers. SMC 159. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Military research -- United States -- History -- 20th century
Research and development contracts, Government -- United States
Visibility -- Research
Optics -- Research
Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Visibility Laboratory -- Archives
Duntley, Seibert Q.
Harris, James L., Sr.
Austin, R. W. (Roswell W.)
Preisendorfer, Rudolph W.
Gordon, Jacqueline I.
Tyler, John E. (John Edwards), 1911-
Boileau, Almerian R., 1904-2000
Armed Forces-NRC Vision Committee
Project Gemini (U.S.)
Taylor, J. H. (John Hall), 1922-
NIMBUS-G Coastal Zone Color Scanner Program (U.S.)
United States. Navy Department. Bureau of Ships



Scope and Content of Series

Series 1) ADMINISTRATION: Administrative documents, including information about directors and staffing, moving the Lab from MIT to SIO, key memoranda, management meeting (AIM) minutes, research capability overviews, and policy documentation. It includes retrospective summaries, written by Vis Lab staff, about the Lab's mission, major projects, and scientific innovations.
Arranged chronologically within four subseries: A) Directors' Biographies and Staff, B) Capabilities and Research Areas, C) Memoranda and Policies, and D) Miscellaneous.

Directors and Staff


S. Q. Duntley

Box 1, Folder 1

Bio-bibliography forms 1961-1974

Box 1, Folder 2

Director's notebook 1949-1960

Box 1, Folder 3

Director's notebook ca. 1957-1960


James L. Harris, Sr.

Box 1, Folder 4

Biographical - Resume, bibliography, career summary

Box 1, Folder 5

Harris resignation - All-hands meeting and memoranda 1978 October-November


Roswell W. Austin

Box 1, Folder 6

High-altitude flight training certification 1950

Box 1, Folder 7

SIO Calendar - Appointment of Austin as Vis Lab Assistant Research Engineer 1953 April 6-11

Box 1, Folder 8

Bio-bibliography forms 1954-1974

Box 1, Folder 9

Letters in support of promotion and career advancement 1957, 1967

Box 1, Folder 10

Lab manager notebook 1968

Box 1, Folder 11

Biographical 1970-1985

Box 1, Folder 12

Director's notebook 1979-1986

General note

Entries on various projects, meetings, and schema.
Box 1, Folder 13

Bibliography 1990

Box 1, Folder 14

Austin photographs 1985

Box 1, Folder 15

Position profile - Vis Lab Director 1976

General note

Includes memo by Duntley to Walter Munk about history of Vis Lab with Air Force contracts and the importance of the selection of a new director.
Box 1, Folder 16

Staff bibliographies (Austin-Ensminger)

General note

First part of binder. Includes keywords, bibliography of Vis Lab reports published in SIO Reference Series, and the following staff: Austin, Bailey, Baker, Duntley, Edwards, Ensminger.
Box 1, Folder 17

Staff bibliographies (Fitch-Wilson)

General note

Second part of binder. Includes list of reports on the topic of remote sensing, and the following staff: Fitch, Gordon, Harris, Johnson, McGlamery, Mueller, Smith, Trees, Tyler, Wilson.
Box 1, Folder 18

Record of Laboratory employees


Capabilities and Research Areas

Box 1, Folder 19

Post-war research on visibility at MIT - Summary report 1943-1945

Box 1, Folder 20

Aerial research program - Correspondence and memoranda 1953

Box 1, Folder 21

Notes on the oceanographic program of the Visibility Laboratory - Prepared by Duntley for MPL Seminar 1954 May 4

Box 1, Folder 22

Duntley, S. Q. and S. S. Ballard. A program of research in the visual detectability of distant objects ca. 1955

General note

Summary supported by research performed under NObsr-43356.
Box 1, Folder 23

Planning Program 1955-1958

General note

Includes detailed 1956 description of talks at BuShips Conference on Visibility and Concealment, and a memo by John H. Taylor summarizing vision research plans.
Box 1, Folder 24

Organizational charts ca. 1955

Box 1, Folder 25

Optical Society tour of Vis Lab facilities 1956

General note

Includes outline of for demonstrations of special Vis Lab equipment and program summary notes.
Box 1, Folder 26

Summary and organizational charts 1960

Box 1, Folder 27

Notes on organization and planning by R. Austin 1960-1963

Box 1, Folder 28

Air Force briefing program 1961

Box 1, Folder 29

Harris, James L. Visibility Center proposal 1963 March 8

Box 1, Folder 30

Duntley, S. Q. Presentation at NEL on Visibility Laboratory capabilities 1963 June 27

Box 1, Folder 31

Optics and image processing 1964-1968

Box 1, Folder 32

History and mission of the Vis Lab 1964-1983

General note

Includes a summary of Navy cooperation.
Box 1, Folder 33

Tour and program summary notes by S. Q. Duntley 1965

General note

Includes brief outline of major government projects and contracts.
Box 1, Folder 34

Optics at UCSD - Summary ca. 1967

Box 1, Folder 35

Duntley, S. Q. Underwater imagery - Memo to Nierenberg 1968, 1976

Box 1, Folder 36

SIO annual report submissions, with photographs 1970-1974

Box 1, Folder 37

Summary of research goals, capabilities and facilities - By J. L. Harris, in letter to Dept. of Transportation 1971

Box 1, Folder 38

Organization summary and org chart 1972-1974

Box 1, Folder 39

Statement of Policy 1974

Box 1, Folder 40

Image Processing Facility 1977

Box 1, Folder 41

History of Vis Lab computer acquisitions 1978

Box 1, Folder 42

Organizational charts, project list, and facilities summary 1980-1986

Box 1, Folder 43

Description of Vis Lab image processing system 1982

Box 1, Folder 44

Research activities summary 1982

Box 1, Folder 45

Capabilities for remotely sensing ocean optical properties - Summary 1983 March

Box 1, Folder 46

Project summaries and program goals - Presentation slides 1984-1985

Box 1, Folder 47

Submarine visibility/concealment efforts 1984

Box 1, Folder 48

Visibility Laboratory: A Retrospective Look at its Contribution to Optical Oceanography and Other Tales - Presentation by R. W. Austin 1988

Box 1, Folder 49

An Instrumental History of the Scripps Visibility Laboratory - Extended abstract by Kenneth J. Voss and Roswell Austin ca. 1990


Memoranda and Policies

Box 1, Folder 50-52

Laboratory transition from MIT to University of California - Personnel 1951-1952

Box 1, Folder 53

Laboratory transition from MIT to University of California - Org charts and budgets 1952

Box 1, Folder 54

Director's memoranda no. 1-31 with subject index 1955-1956

Box 1, Folder 55-56

Administrative memoranda 1960-1984

Box 1, Folder 57

Report publication policies 1962-1967

Box 1, Folder 58

Memo from Harris to Duntley and Austin re: Laboratory organization and operation 1965 March 4

Box 1, Folder 59

Standard Practices Manual for safeguarding classified information 1966

Box 1, Folder 60-70

Administrative Information Meetings (AIM) - Agendas and minutes 1967, 1977-1986

Box 2, Folder 1

Contract and grant indices 1971-1985

Box 2, Folder 2

Principal investigators - Memo and handbook 1977

Box 2, Folder 3

Vis Lab move to SIO campus - Memoranda 1977-1984

General note

Includes summaries of Vis Lab's lack of interaction with other SIO research units, memo from Harris to Nierenberg, and reports by the SIO ad hoc Program Planning Committee.
Box 2, Folder 4

Space allocations - Sverdrup Hall 1977-1984

Box 2, Folder 5

Space allocations - Naval Ocean Systems Center 1977-1978

Box 2, Folder 6

Financial activity reports 1978-1983

Box 2, Folder 7

Disestablishment of Vis Lab 1987



Box 2, Folder 8

Press releases 1968, 1972

Box 2, Folder 9-10

Student disorder and protest at UC San Diego re: government-funded research 1969-1970

General note

Campus controversy, focused on the Academic Senate, on student demands regarding classified research and Department of Defense-sponsored contracts. Includes: copies of resolutions and memoranda by William McGill; "The efficiency of a sit-in" by Henry G. Booker; and a 4-page memo by James L. Harris on government-funded research.
Box 2, Folder 11-12

Guest sign-in logs 1963-1964, 1972-1980

Box 2, Folder 13

Aerospace Corporation - Military Spacecraft Committee meeting 1977



Scope and Content of Series

Series 2) CORRESPONDENCE: Arranged in four parallel, complementary, chronological subseries based on the original order of transferred files. The subseries each include correspondence from many Vis Lab researchers, often in carbon copy. Arranged in four subseries: A) Outgoing Chronological Files; B) S. Q. Duntley Files, C) James L. Harris, Sr. Files, and D) Roswell Austin Files.
A) Outgoing Chronological Files: Blue carbon copies of outgoing correspondence created by all staff and researchers at Vis Lab, including directors and managers. Arranged in original chronological order.
B) S. Q. Duntley Files: Includes miscellaneous early correspondence, and Duntley's director correspondence files. The director's files include some incoming correspondence addressed to Duntley, but the bulk consists of outgoing carbon copies of letters written by Duntley and other Vis Lab researchers (especially John E. Tyler and Raymond Smith). Arranged in original chronological order, though some years have multiple files with overlapping dates. Extensive additional correspondence by Duntley may be found in relevant contract and project files, particularly for the Navy's ONR and Bureau of Ships.
C) James L. Harris, Sr. Files: Harris was manager of research at Vis Lab, and also served as director from 1976-1979. Like Austin and Duntley, he maintained his own professional correspondence files that include incoming letters, and carbon copies of his outgoing letters.
D) Roswell Austin Files: Austin was the Laboratory manager at Vis Lab until he became acting director in 1979 (and eventually, director). Material consists of Austin's professional correspondence files. Copies of letters and memos by Austin may also appear in Duntley's files.

Outgoing Chronological Files

Box 2, Folder 14-67

Outgoing chronological files 1954-1959

Box 3, Folder 1-53

Outgoing chronological files 1960-1969

Box 4, Folder 1-13

Outgoing chronological files 1970-1975


S. Q. Duntley Files

Box 4, Folder 14-17

Duntley - Miscellaneous early correspondence 1946-1950

Box 4, Folder 18-35

Duntley - Director's general correspondence 1952-1963

Box 5, Folder 1-26

Duntley - Director's general correspondence 1964-1972

Box 6, Folder 1-8

Duntley - Director's general correspondence 1973-1976


James L. Harris, Sr. Files

Box 6, Folder 9-31

Harris - Correspondence 1961-1979

Box 6, Folder 32

Harris - Correspondence re: San Diego Sheriff's Department and digital image processing 1983


Roswell Austin Files

Box 6, Folder 33-40

Austin - Correspondence files 1961-1968

Box 7, Folder 1-24

Austin - Correspondence files 1969-1989

General note

1978 folder includes memo from Nierenberg inviting Austin to a presentation on carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by Charles Keeling, Berger and Fred Fisher. Includes Austin's notes from the lecture.
Box 7, Folder 25

Austin - Correspondence files 1992-1998, 2003



Scope and Content of Series

Series 3) CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: Documents various colloquia, conferences, meetings, program reviews, seminars, symposia, trainings, and workshops. Includes abstracts, correspondence and planning materials, papers presented by Vis Lab researchers, and proceedings summaries. Arranged chronologically.
Box 8, Folder 1

U.S. Navy. Office of Naval Research (ONR) - Committee on Human Resources, Research and Development Board - Panel on Human Engineering and Psychophysiology 1951 May

Box 8, Folder 2

U.S. Navy. Symposium on Radar Refraction, Washington, D.C. 1956

General note

Includes copy of Duntley's paper, "Micro-structure in the atmosphere as observed by optical methods from aircraft."
Box 8, Folder 3

U.S. Navy. Mine Defense Symposium 1957

Box 8, Folder 4

Inter-Service Radiation Measuring Program (IRMP) 1958

General note

Thermal Radiation Laboratory, Geophysics Research Directorate, Air Force Missile Test Center.
Box 8, Folder 5

Symposium on Military Applications in the Ultraviolet, Washington, D.C. 1960

Box 8, Folder 6

Pacific Science Association. Tenth Pacific Science Congress, Honolulu 1961

Box 8, Folder 7-9

Classified Symposium on Visual Search, San Diego 1962

General note

Sponsored by Armed Forces-NRC Vision Committee. Co-hosted by NEL and Vis Lab. Planning materials and correspondence.
Box 8, Folder 10

Image Evaluation Symposium, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 1963 April

Box 8, Folder 11

National Aerospace Electronics Conference, Dayton, Ohio 1963 May

Box 8, Folder 12

First Conference on Laser Technology, San Diego 1963 November

General note

Sponsored by the Department of Defense.
Box 8, Folder 13

NASA. Conference to study the feasibility of conducting oceanographic explorations from aircraft, manned orbital and lunar laboratories, Woods Hole, MA 1964

Box 8, Folder 14

National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council - Mine Advisory Committee. Seminar on acoustic imaging and pulsed light 1964

Box 8, Folder 15

National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council. Space Science Board Study in Exobiology 1964

Box 8, Folder 16

Military Operations Research Symposium, Coronado, CA 1964 October

General note

Sponsored by ONR.
Box 8, Folder 17

U.S. Air Force. MOL astronaut training course on Light, Vision and Visibility 1966

Box 8, Folder 18

Joint seminar on Visual Perception of Objects Under Circumstances Providing Impoverished Visual Cues (UFO Project) 1966

Box 8, Folder 19

Human Factors Colloquium. Notes on human factors aspect of real time night airborne reconnaissance displays 1967 January 12

Box 8, Folder 20

Color of the Ocean Conference, Woods Hole, RI 1969 July

Box 8, Folder 21

Joint meeting of the Space Sciences Laboratories of Berkeley and UCLA (Earth Resources Satellite Program) 1969 July

Box 8, Folder 22-24

NASA. Annual Earth Resources Program Reviews, 2nd-4th 1969-1972

General note

4th annual conference folder includes drafts of Austin's paper, "Surface truth measurements of optical properties of the waters in the Northern Gulf of California," with details of the Fresnel II cruise; and Duntley's "Detection of ocean chlorophyll from Earth orbit." Program Reviews are related to SPOC, the Ocean Color Program, and NASA's Earth Resources Survey (ERS) Program.
Box 8, Folder 25

20th Tuna Conference, Lake Arrowhead 1969 October

Box 8, Folder 26

Marine Technology Society. Symposium on Work in the Sea, Los Angeles 1969 December

Box 8, Folder 27

Atmospheric Optics Measurement Program, Project 698AJ 1970

Box 8, Folder 28

Scientific Commission on Physical Oceanography of IAPSO. Symposium on Optical Aspects of Oceanography, Copenhagen, Denmark 1972 June

Box 8, Folder 29

International Ocean Development Conference and Exhibition, Japan 1972

Box 8, Folder 30

U.S. Navy. Underwater Applications and Optical Communications Working Group 1972-1973

General note

Includes material on ORICS review and ocean optical data sharing from the Naval Underseas Center.
Box 8, Folder 31

National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council. Committee on Remote Sensing Programs for Earth Resource Surveys (CORSPERS) panel 1973-1974

General note

Includes Duntley's paper prepared for an oceanography panel on marine resources and satellite data.
Box 8, Folder 32

DARPA Workshop on Underwater Optical Imaging Systems, San Diego 1973

Box 8, Folder 33

EPA Symposium on monitoring quality of marine and estuarine waters, Seattle, WA 1973

General note

Includes photographs of event.
Box 8, Folder 34

NOAA National Oceanographic Instrumentation Center (NOIC) - Turbidity Workshop, Washington, D.C. 1974-1976

General note

Includes objectives, schedules, analysis of proceedings, and correspondence.
Box 8, Folder 35

Ocean Optics Workshop, San Diego 1977

General note

Sponsored by ONR.
Box 8, Folder 36

SIO/NASA Seminar, La Jolla 1977 October 7

Box 8, Folder 37

EPA Visibility Monitoring Workshop, Las Vegas 1978

Box 8, Folder 38

Naval Oceans Systems Center. Blue/Green Optical Communications Program Review, San Diego 1978 November

Box 8, Folder 39

Ocean Optics VII Classified Conference, Monterey 1979

Box 8, Folder 40

U.S. Navy/DARPA Bioluminescence Workshop, San Diego 1980

Box 8, Folder 41

AGARD Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Panel Symposium, Bavaria 1983

General note

Includes abstract of Austin's invited paper, "Passive remote sensing of ocean optical propagation parameters."
Box 8, Folder 42

Ocean Optics VII Classified Conference, Monterey 1984

General note

Includes abstracts of Austin's invited papers, "Spectral dependence of the diffuse attenuation coefficient of light in ocean waters" and "Marine snow bioluminescence and its effect on the optical properties of the sea."
Box 8, Folder 43

Marine Technology Society. Symposium on Ocean Color Observations, San Diego 1985

General note

Includes draft of Austin's prepared remarks and symposium materials.
Box 8, Folder 44

Workshop on University-Industry Cooperation in Ocean Technology, San Diego 1986

Box 8, Folder 45

Optical Backscatter Meeting, NOSC San Diego 1991 February 21



Scope and Content of Series

Series 4) ARMED FORCES-NRC VISION COMMITTEE: Comprised of representatives from the Air Force, Army, Navy, and the National Research Council (NRC), the Armed Forces-NRC Vision Committee was charged with connecting members of the Armed Forces with civilian scientists working on problems related to vision. Working groups were established to focus on specific vision problems and to advise the military. S. Q. Duntley was first involved in the work of the committee as an associate member and was named a NRC representative in the 1960s. Materials include meeting minutes, reports, and records from Working Groups 6, 30, and 33.
Box 9, Folder 1-29

Minutes and proceedings 1944-1954

Box 9, Folder 30

Membership lists, minutes and working group reports 1963-1970, 1972

General note

Includes materials from working groups 6 and 33.
Box 9, Folder 31

Working Group 30 - Ad hoc panel on Visibility problems of electro-optically guided missiles 1968



Scope and Content of Series

Series 5) PROJECTS, PROPOSALS AND CONTRACTS: The Visibility Lab was almost entirely funded by contracts it procured with the federal government and research partners at other laboratories. This series contains Vis Lab's records of contract activity, including proposals, project descriptions, activity reports, and funding. Materials are arranged, where possible, by the primary contracting source, then chronologically, with major partners separated into distinct subseries. Some contracts evolved over many years with complex joint funding arrangements, for example between the Air Force and Navy, or NASA and NOAA. Materials are filed by the primary contact listed on the contract cover sheet and related correspondence, and reflect the Lab's original groupings of material.
Major contracts related to Vis Lab's work with NASA and other government partners on the remote sensing of ocean color using CZCS imagery from the Nimbus-7 satellite are found in Series 6) REMOTE SENSING OF OCEAN COLOR/CZCS, though complementary and related contracts may be included in Series 5.
Additional material that supported or was produced by contract assignments may also be found in Series 7) RESEARCH, WRITINGS AND PRESENTATIONS, as the Vis Lab did not consistently link research to a contract number, and maintained a separate library of written work product. Researchers should search the finding aid by keyword, contract number, and subject terms to discover relevant material about any given research topic.
Arranged chronologically within seven series: A) Air Force, B) Navy - Bureau of Ships, C) Navy - Office of Naval Research, D) Navy - Other, E) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), F) NASA - Project Gemini, and G) Other Contract Partners (A-Z).
Note on subseries F) Project Gemini: On May 15, 1963 NASA astronaut Gordon Cooper reported that he could see vehicles raising dust along the U.S.-Mexico border from his Mercury VII space capsule. Cooper's observation was disputed by some scientists. NASA contracted with the Visibility Laboratory to investigate and perform a Visual Acuity Experiment for Gemini flights 5 and 7 in 1965. Vis Lab scientists confirmed 84% probability that a trained pilot could correctly interpret dust patterns as vehicles and that Cooper's observation was consistent with border patrol vehicles operating that day in El Centro, California.

Air Force


Air Force Cambridge Research Center (AFCRC)

Box 10, Folder 1

AFCRC - Airplane programs correspondence - Patrick Air Force Base 1953-1955, 1957

General note

Correspondence related to activities at the Air Force Missile Test Center at Patrick AFB, including Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), ONR, and Bureau of Research.
Box 10, Folder 2-5

AFCRC - Florida atmospheric optics experiments 1956-1957

General note

Missile tracking and visibility experiments conducted at Eglin and Patrick air bases, and Cape San Blas. Research may have been co-sponsored by the Navy; topics include shimmer meter, missile meter, microwave refraction, and atmospheric boil.
Box 10, Folder 6

AFCRC - Florida atmospheric optics experiments - Shimmer meter analysis and patent ca. 1957

General note

Patent research supported by Nobs-72092.
Box 10, Folder 7-10

AFCRC - Airplane programs correspondence 1956-1964

General note

Includes correspondence from A. R. Boileau with the AFCRC and others about a variety of programs for airplane instrument design and development, such as the C-130 and B-29. Includes many references to joint contracts with other stakeholders.

Air Force Geophysics Laboratory (AFGL)


AFGL - Airborne measurements of optical atmospheric properties (AVIZ Project)

Box 10, Folder 11-19

AVIZ contract administration 1969-1979

General note

Includes correspondence, administrative memoranda, and contract activities reports. Contracts F19628-73-C-0013, F19628-76-C-0004. Includes references and reports on the OPAQUE project.
Box 10, Folder 20-26

AVIZ technical memoranda 1970-1979

Box 10, Folder 27-30

Airborne measurements of atmospheric volume scattering coefficients in Northern Europe - Data 1976

Box 11, Folder 1

AVIZ Project binder - Activity reports and memoranda 1977-1979

Box 11, Folder 2

AFGL/LYT - Analysis of electro-optical imagery for the prediction of cloud-free paths of sight 1984-1986

General note

UCSD-3723-R3; Contract F19628-84-K-0047.
Box 11, Folder 3

AFGL - Study of weather impacts proposal 1986


Air Force Office of Aerospace/Scientific Research (AFOSR)

Box 11, Folder 4

AFOSR - Contrast sensitivity of the central and peripheral visual fields of normal human observers 1962

General note

Box 11, Folder 5

AFOSR - Night-time optical sensors 1966

General note

Correspondence and informal proposal regarding modifications to C-130 sensors for Major James G. Steger.
Box 11, Folder 6

AFOSR - Image analysis by object simulation 1983


Air Research and Development Command (ARDC)

Box 11, Folder 7

ARDC - Manhigh III Project 1957-1958

Box 11, Folder 8

ARDC - Project cards on atmospheric optics 1957, 1960


Air Force Strategic Air Command (SAC) Program

Box 11, Folder 9-10

SAC - Correspondence and memoranda 1951-1959

Box 11, Folder 11

SAC - Preliminary studies of the visibility of B-36 aircraft during twilight 1953

Box 11, Folder 12

SAC - Aircraft visibility studies 1954-1957

Box 11, Folder 13

SAC - Field test notebooks 1955-1957

Box 11, Folder 14

SAC - Search calculations and visual detection range data 1958

Box 11, Folder 15

SAC - Research by Jacqueline Gordon on visual search undated

General note

The visual detection lobe in direct search (report draft); A visual search problem of the Strategic Air Command (prepared comments).

Air Force Systems Command (AFSC)

Box 11, Folder 16

AFSC/Aeronautical Systems Division - High altitude photographic data collection and evaluation program 1961-1964

General note

Joint project with the Air Force Reconnaissance Laboratory. Contract AF33(657)-7739.

AFSC - Project Shedlight 1966-1970

Box 11, Folder 17-18

Shedlight correspondence 1966-1969

General note

Shedlight (Contract F19628-67-C-0181) was a program of investigation to obtain and evaluate experimental data on contrast attenuation in different atmospheric environments. It was originally funded through the Naval Ship Systems Command, then by the mid-1960s, the Air Force Systems Command. It also received Air Force support through the Cambridge Research Laboratories. Later memos reference AVIZ Project.
Box 11, Folder 19

Shedlight progress reports and summaries 1967-1970

Box 11, Folder 20-23

Shedlight technical memoranda 1966-1970

Box 11, Folder 24-27

Shedlight administrative memoranda 1967-1970

Box 11, Folder 28

AFSC/Electronic Systems Division - Contrast attenuation through the atmosphere 1968

General note

Box 11, Folder 29

AFSC/Electronic Systems Division - To conduct a program to obtain and evaluate experimental data on and related to the optical properties of the atmosphere, in several spectral regions under both day and night illumination levels 1969

General note

Box 11, Folder 30

AFSC/Electronic Systems Division - To conduct a quick response to obtain and evaluate experimental data related to the determination of detecting probabilities for low flying aircraft at night 1970

General note

Box 11, Folder 31

AFSC/Electronic Systems Division - Atmospheric visibility studies 1973-1978

General note

UCSD-0554, -1144, -0020, -0282, -1608.
Box 11, Folder 32

AFSC/Electronic Systems Division - Modifications for radiometer internal stray light control and reconfiguration of ground based nephelometer 1977

General note

UCSD-0855, Contract no. F 19628-76-C-0004.
Box 11, Folder 33

AFSC/Aerospace Medical Division - Computer model of ground-to-air target detection performance 1977-1978

General note

UCSD-0851, Contract no. RFP F33615-77-R-0525.

AFSC/Electronic Systems Division - Modeling the European atmospheric optical environment (AMOD) 1977-1981

Box 12, Folder 1

AMOD project binder 1978-1979

General note

Joint project with the Air Force Geophysics Laboratory (AFGL). Contract F19628-78-R-0160. Refers to the OPAQUE and AVIZ projects.
Box 12, Folder 2

AMOD project binder 1980-1981

Box 12, Folder 3

AMOD administrative memoranda 1977-1979

Box 12, Folder 4-7

AMOD technical memoranda 1978-1981

General note

Memoranda reference NATO conferences and OPAQUE data.
Box 12, Folder 8

AFSC/Electronic Systems Division - Automatic assessment of localized surface visibilities (CDL-9) project binder 1985-1987

General note

UCSD-3723; Contract F19628-84-K-0047.
Box 12, Folder 9

AFSC/Electronic Systems Division - Automatic assessment of localized surface visibilities (CDL-9) technical notes 1986-1987

General note

Includes technical memoranda, research plan, and contract updates.
Box 12, Folder 10

Air Force Avionics Laboratory (AFAL/RWF) - New procedures for atmospheric transmittance determinations 1980

General note


Navy - Bureau of Ships

Box 12, Folder 11-17

BuShips contract correspondence 1950-1953 June

General note

Correspondence regarding research on visibility of submarines and submerged objects (relating to concurrent ONR contract research) and later, aircraft.
Box 12, Folder 18-19

BuShips contract correspondence 1955 September-1965

General note

Detailed correspondence and memoranda, primarily concerning NObs-72092 and its precursors.
Box 12, Folder 20

Patent ideas ca. 1956-1966

General note

Summary folder of patentable ideas compiled by Austin, Boileau, Cordoza, Duntley, Harris, Petzold, Taylor and others. Research was supported by BuShips contracts NObs-72092, -72512, -43356, -84075, -92058 and NOnr-2216(14).
Box 12, Folder 21-22

Monthly contract reports for BuShips contract NObs-72092 1954-1961

General note

These reports include updates and information on many projects supported by NObs-72092, including Project HOOK, Bullpup, water clarity, VTC, fog, and general visibility research. Additional files on these projects are available later in this subseries.

BuShips - Underwater photometer (Contract NObs-43356) 1950-1956, 1958

Box 13, Folder 1-7

Research notebooks 1953-1955

Box 13, Folder 8

Log of harbor data 1955

Box 13, Folder 9

Tyler, John E. - Radiance distribution notes and photographs 1955

Box 13, Folder 10

Report on operations and notes 1955

Box 13, Folder 11

El Capitan dam experiments 1955

Box 13, Folder 12

Duntley, S. Q. et al. An underwater photometer - Summary report 1955

General note

Presented at the October meeting of the Optical Society of America in Pittsburg, PA.
Box 13, Folder 13

Illumination component meter - Patent materials 1958


BuShips - Project HOOK (Contract NObs-72092) 1952-1959

Box 13, Folder 14-15

Correspondence and memoranda 1952-1958

General note

HOOK was an early iteration of contract NOBs-72092.
Box 13, Folder 16

Long-range photographs 1956

General note

Experiment involved taking photographs of aircraft east of LAX, from summit of Mt. Helix in San Diego county.
Box 13, Folder 17

Harris, James L. Solution of filter problems in the time domain - Project HOOK technical memorandum no. 4 1957 May 23

Box 13, Folder 18

Project HOOK AN/AVS-1 field lens design and test - Report by Justin J. Rennilson 1958


BuShips - Water clarity meter (Contract NObs-72092) 1954-1959

Box 13, Folder 19

Water clarity measurement/Inshore Survey Program 1954-1959

General note

Documentation of a joint program (sponsored under contract NObs-72092) of the Navy Hydrographic Office and BuShips for water clarity instrumentation (for inshore mine surveys) to be adapted for submarine installation.
Box 13, Folder 20

Water clarity meter: Operating and maintenance instructions - Report by Roswell Austin 1959

General note

Report by Roswell Austin.
Box 13, Folder 21

BuShips - Air-to-surface visibility studies (Project Bullpup) (Contract NS 714-100) 1954-1959

General note

Joint project with the Bureau of Aeronautics, who were interested in research on target visibility for the close air support missile XADM-N-7.
Box 13, Folder 22

BuShips - Underwater flare project 1954-1960

Box 13, Folder 23-24

BuShips - Visual Target Classifier (VTC) (Contract NObs-72092) 1958-1964

General note

Monthly reports, correspondence and project binder. This contract evolved into NObs-84075, Task 8.

BuShips - Behavior of light in an environment of fog (Contract NObs-72092, Amendment 38) 1960-1964

Box 13, Folder 25

Miscellaneous papers 1960-1964

Box 13, Folder 26

Monthly reports 1960-1963

Box 13, Folder 27

Theodolite missile azimuth control

Box 13, Folder 28

Technical information, with photographs 1960-1964

Box 13, Folder 29

Final report and drafts 1964


BuShips - Visibility Research (Contract NObs-84075) 1960-1966

Box 13, Folder 30

Contract reports

Box 13, Folder 31

Contract amendments

General note

Includes over 20 proposed UCSD contract amendments on a variety of research projects.
Box 13, Folder 32

Contract correspondence

Box 13, Folder 33-34

Searchlight visual sea searches (Task 1) 1960-1963

General note

Search and rescue (SAR) operation research. Includes folder labelled "ASR field experiments" with data taken off Point Loma.
Box 13, Folder 35

Image restoration (Task 2) 1960-1965

Box 13, Folder 36-38

Ship wake recognition/Reconnaissance Satellite Program (Task 3) 1960-1966

General note

Also referred to as Project 503. Includes references to Includes Nobs-3620. Includes correspondence, memos, and reports.
Box 14, Folder 1

Ship wake recognition/Reconnaissance Satellite Program (Task 3) - Project binder 1960-1962

Box 14, Folder 2

Ship wake recognition/Reconnaissance Satellite Program (Task 3) - Summary report

Box 14, Folder 3

Ship wake recognition/Reconnaissance Satellite Program (Task 3) - Research photographs

Box 14, Folder 4

Rooftop data gathering station (Task 3) 1960-1963

Box 14, Folder 5

Task 3 modification - Astronaut/Gemini experiments on visual acuity 1965-1966

General note

Includes progress reports from NASA contract NAS-9-5095. See related materials in subseries on NASA - Project Gemini.
Box 14, Folder 6

C-130 instrumentation (Task 4) 1960-1965

Box 14, Folder 7

Optical problems relating to bathyscaph operations (Task 5) 1961

General note

Related to an NEL project to develop instrumentation for the bathyscaph Trieste.
Box 14, Folder 8

Null Balance Transmissometer (Task 6) 1963-1966

Box 14, Folder 9

Aircraft visibility problems/C-130 (Task 7) 1960-1965

Box 14, Folder 10

Visual Target Classifier (VTC) (Task 8) 1960-1965

General note

See related documentation on VTC program in contract Nobs 72092. Includes paper by R. Howarth, "Notes on a uniform field projector."
Box 14, Folder 11

Visibility calculations (Task 9) 1962-1966

Box 14, Folder 12

Colored tape discriminator (Task 10) 1963

Box 14, Folder 13

Coast Guard projects (Sweep Width / Sighting Data) - Search and rescue (SAR) operation research 1962-1968

Box 14, Folder 14

BuShips - Measurement of sea state from non-glitter portions of meteorological satellite photographs 1957, 1961-1966

General note

Contract Nobs-86012.
Box 14, Folder 15

BuShips - Proposal for survey of visual capabilities in space 1963

General note

Includes technical dissertation, "A study of visual tasks in space flight."
Box 14, Folder 16

BuShips - Research of visibility problems (Contract NObs-92058) 1964-1966

General note

Also referred to as Task 538. Includes work with NASA. Related to CVC (Computerized Visibility Calculators) or NASA/Allen project.
Box 14, Folder 17

BuShips - Research of visibility problems (Contract NObs-92058) 1965-1968

Box 14, Folder 18

BuShips - Research of visibility problems (Contract Nobs-90337) 1964-1966

General note

Includes report, "Concepts related to coherence time."
Box 14, Folder 19

BuShips - Research of visibility problems (Contract NObs-95251) 1965-1969

General note

Includes contract amendments related to Project Shedlight, training programs for astronauts, and updates on Task 538.
Box 14, Folder 20

BuShips - Research of visibility problems (Contract NObs-95251) - Project FAMOS 1965-1967

Box 14, Folder 21

BuShips - Research of visibility problems (Contract NObs-95251) - Project LoLev 1966-1972

Box 14, Folder 22

BuShips - Provisional instructions: Operation of submarine visibility equipment (Contract NObs-92058) 1966 July


Navy - Office of Naval Research

Box 14, Folder 23-27

ONR contract correspondence 1947-1950

Box 14, Folder 28

Visibility of surface vessels from deeply submerged submarines 1950 April 21

General note

Contract N5ori-07831.
Box 14, Folder 29-31

Visibility studies at Diamond Island 1951-1960

General note

Contract nos. N5ori-07864 and BuShips Nobs 50378. Concerns joint research and experimental investigations begun at MIT by Duntley on visibility of submerged objects (submarines), especially including the Diamond Island field station. See also the Diamond Island files in the RESEARCH, WRITINGS AND PRESENTATIONS series.
Box 14, Folder 32

Proposed research program in target recognition 1958

Box 14, Folder 33

Research on artificial underwater lighting 1961

General note

UCSD-943. Some research conducted at Diamond Island field station. Includes correspondence with BuShips and ONR on collimated beams of light underwater (underwater lasers).

Exploratory calculations of the radiance of waves due to a submerged body (wakes)/Radiance distribution studies at Diamond Island 1961-1969

Box 15, Folder 1

Master contracts

General note

Continuation of visibility studies on Diamond Island. Contract Nonr-2216(14). See also the Diamond Island files in the RESEARCH, WRITINGS AND PRESENTATIONS series.
Box 15, Folder 2


General note

UCSD-1019, -1080, -1251, -1308, -1451 -1441, -144, -1486.
Box 15, Folder 3

Status reports and "Underwater Optics" final report

General note

Final report structured as a letter to Frank Isakson.
Box 15, Folder 4-6

Correspondence 1961-1968

Box 15, Folder 7

Proposal for optical laboratory tank ca. 1967

General note

Continuation of project NR 015-322. Includes photographs.
Box 15, Folder 8

Survey of locations for underwater laser study field station 1967

Box 15, Folder 9

To measure in clear ocean water the distribution of irradiance produced by an underwater green laser on a surface perpendicular to the beam at off-axis angles up to 60 degrees and at lamp distances of 10 or more attenuation lengths 1967

General note

Continuation of project NR 015-322. UCSD-2051.
Box 15, Folder 10

Optical oceanography 1969

General note

UCSD-3285. Contract no. N00014-67-A-0109-0002.
Box 15, Folder 11

To measure the distribution of off-axis irradiance produced by a laser beam in the experimental tank located in Room 2215, Sverdrup Hall, in order to develop empirical and theoretical expressions describing the irradiance distribution and to determine the effects of receiver field of view 1969

General note

UCSD-3063. Related to U.S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory.
Box 15, Folder 12

Visibility determining equipment 1970

General note

Box 15, Folder 13

Optical Ocean Measurements Program 1971

General note

Box 15, Folder 14

(Unconventional) underwater imaging study 1972-1973

General note

Contract N00014-69-A-0200-6034. Includes proposal (UCSD-5419) first anniversary report.
Box 15, Folder 15

Optical oceanography in the Arctic 1972-1973

General note


CAT Project/Time Varying Intensity (TVI) systems of underwater laser scanners 1972-1975

Box 15, Folder 16

ONR-34 Task I Time Varying Intensity (TVI) project binder 1972-1974

General note

Includes technical memorandum on unconventional underwater imagery.
Box 15, Folder 17

Austin, R. W. TV system design consideration notes 1972

Box 15, Folder 18-19

CAT I and II notebooks - Raymond C. Smith 1974

Box 15, Folder 20

CAT Project - Underwater battery unit explosion at NUC Oceanographic Research Tower, with photographs 1974-1975

Box 15, Folder 21

CAT Project - NUC tower operations notes 1974

Box 15, Folder 22

Suspended solids in the ocean - Proposal letter 1973

Box 15, Folder 23

Studies of oceanographic processes affecting suspended particulate material in the ocean 1973-1974

General note

Box 15, Folder 24

Development and fabrication of a spectral transmissometer 1976-1977

General note

Box 15, Folder 25

Ocean optics research proposal and related correspondence 1977-1979

General note

Box 15, Folder 26

Analysis of the optical transient response of water 1978

Box 15, Folder 27

Development of an underwater towed optical sensor system 1978

General note

UCSD-0984, -0984 R1.
Box 15, Folder 28

Measurement of the absorption coefficient of natural waters 1979-1980

General note

Box 15, Folder 29-30

ONR/DARPA - Marine bioluminescence studies 1980-1981

General note

UCSD-1911, contract N00014-80-C-0800. Involved design and installation of a subsurface field station over Scripps Canyon, connected to seashore laboratory by submarine cable.
Box 15, Folder 31

Environmental effects on optical propagation 1980-1983

General note

Box 15, Folder 32

Remote sensing of bioluminescence (RSBI) project binder 1982-1983

General note

UCSD-2910, contract N00014-80-C-0066.
Box 15, Folder 33

Analysis of laboratory and field measurements of natural marine bioluminescence 1983

General note

UCSD-2985, contract N00014-80-C-0440.
Box 15, Folder 34

Atmospheric effects upon visible and infrared image propagation 1983

General note

Box 15, Folder 35

Submarine remote sensor design study 1983

General note

Box 15, Folder 36

ONR Ad hoc Committee on Ocean Science from Space Shuttle 1984-1986

General note

Includes information on NASA's approval for the Navy to fly first oceanographer aboard the shuttle.
Box 15, Folder 37

Mesoscale oceanic phenomena 1985-1986

General note

Box 15, Folder 38

Investigation of the effects of light field perturbations on apparent optical properties 1985-1987

General note

Box 15, Folder 39

Spectral properties of ocean waters at the marginal ice zone 1985-1987

General note

Box 15, Folder 40

Application of Differential Optoacoustic Spectroscopy (DOAS) in phytoplankton absorption 1986

General note

Box 15, Folder 41

Arctic Accelerated Research Initiative 1986

Box 15, Folder 42

Development of prototype portable aircraft ocean color remote sensing system 1986-1987

General note

UCSD-87-0013. Includes information Multispectral Aircraft Radiometer System (MARS).
Box 15, Folder 43

Optical and Physical Variability in NE Pacific Water Masses 1986-1987

General note

Box 15, Folder 44

Back scattering and point spread function measurements in sea ice 1987

General note


Navy - Other Departments


Naval Air Development Center (NADC)

Box 16, Folder 1

NADC/Anti-Submarine Warfare Lab - Nicard Project - Feasibility investigation for optical ranging and detection of submerged objects 1962-1966

General note

Originally AW-423. Technical document 224-840C4. Transferred to project NOr-480D-98. Includes memorandum on submarine visibility system data collection requirements.
Box 16, Folder 2

NADC - Underwater light propagation 1965-1968

General note

Contract N62269-3097, UCSD-1476.
Box 16, Folder 3

NADC - To measure light propagation properties in the ocean in conjunction with laser system evaluation (ORADS) 1970

General note

UCSD-3406. Contract no. N62269-70-Q-0248.
Box 16, Folder 4

NADC - Transmissometer system 1972

General note

UCSD-4994. Contract no. N62269-72-R-0446.
Box 16, Folder 5

NADC - Light propagation properties in the ocean 1973

General note

Box 16, Folder 6

NADC - Optical oceanographic measurement support 1976-1979

General note

Contract no. N62269-76-M-2584. Measurements undertaken in support of the Optical Ranging, IFF, Communication Program (ORIC).
Box 16, Folder 7

NADC - Services to develop and fabricate an oceanographic irradiometer system 1976-1977

General note

Box 16, Folder 8

NADC - Compilation and analysis of coastal optical properties data/Optical oceanographic measurement support 1978

General note

UCSD-1047, -1249.
Box 16, Folder 9

NADC - Research, analysis and engineering support in optical oceanography 1979-1980

General note

UCSD-1863, Contract no. N62269-79-C-0318.
Box 16, Folder 10

NADC - Operation and maintenance manual for five channel radiometer 1982

General note

Technical memorandum E-001-82t. Contract N662269-79-C-0318.

Naval Electronics Laboratory (NEL)

Box 16, Folder 11

NEL - Visual detection and concealment section program summary ca. 1955

Box 16, Folder 12

NEL - Chemiluminescence Project 1954-1955

Box 16, Folder 13

NEL - Deep water scatter meter 1962-1963

Box 16, Folder 14

NEL - Maritime visibility 1973

General note

Includes status report on cloud free lines of sight (CFLOS).
Box 16, Folder 15

NEL - Analysis of ocean optical property measurements 1975

Box 16, Folder 16

NEL - Irradiance meter 1975-1978

Box 16, Folder 17

Naval Medical Research Institute - Correspondence with Commander Norman Lee Barr 1951-1952

Box 16, Folder 18

Naval Ocean Research Development Activity - Ocean optical transmission maps of the Gulf of Alaska and Northeastern Pacific 1987-1989


Naval Ocean Systems Center (NOSC)

Box 16, Folder 19

NOSC - Non-acoustic anti-submarine warfare studies 1977

General note

Includes two project outlines: "Ocean optical Environment" and "Ocean surface observations."
Box 16, Folder 20

NOSC - Multispectral ocean data analysis 1978

General note

Box 16, Folder 21

NOSC - Optical surface truth measurements 1978

General note

Box 16, Folder 22

NOSC - Visibility of submerged objects 1978

General note

Contract N660001-78-C-0203. Also referred to as Studies of Observation of Submerged Objects (SOSO).
Box 16, Folder 23

NOSC - Calibration services on RSI underwater radiometers in support of the Ocean Color Program 1978-1980

General note

Contract N66001-80-M-7776.
Box 16, Folder 24

NOSC - E/O Cameras 1981-1986

General note

Includes technical memorandum by J. D. Bailey, "Design of a test facility for use in evaluation of the lopatch visible spectrum scanning system." Contract 66001-81-M-1808.
Box 16, Folder 25

NOSC - Environmental data and modeling support for SRS-85 field test 1985

Box 16, Folder 26

NOSC - Radiometric Calibration Facility 1985

General note

Box 16, Folder 27

NOSC - Instrumentation for an Ice Optics Laboratory, with technical memoranda 1985

Box 16, Folder 28

NOSC - Sea Ice Optical Sensor analysis and system design 1986-1987

General note

UCSD-86-1489, contract N66001-87-C-0102.
Box 16, Folder 29

NOSC - Satellite/Submarine Laser Communications (SLC) programs 1986-1989

General note

Includes: correspondence; SLC Provinces Working Group/J. W. Nolten technical memorandum, "c versus k survey" (JN-011-88); NOSC memorandum on SLC water database programs by Alan King. Research focus is the variability in the ratio of volume attenuation coefficient to diffuse attenuation coefficient versus optical depth.

NOSC - Submerged contrast: A program for computing underwater irradiance, radiance and contrast (Submerged Remote Sensing - SRS) 1986-1990

Box 16, Folder 30

Project binder

General note

Includes "EN-" technical memoranda, program details.
Box 16, Folder 31

AUTEC data 1986

Box 16, Folder 32

Petzold, T. J. Memoranda on irradiance reflectance of seawater 1986-1987

General note

Technical memoranda: EN-017-86t; TJP/RWA 86-04t-07t; 87-02t.
Box 16, Folder 33

SLC cruise data 1988

General note

Petzold SLC analysis binder, including technical memoranda, from USNS Lynch 1987 Station no. 1. References MER.
Box 16, Folder 34

Austin, R. W. Experimental evaluation of a method to determine the spectral diffuse attenuation properties of seawater and the attenuation of diffuse light for a vertical path from outside the atmosphere to a depth below the surface 1990

General note

Submitted as an SRS report to SAIC.
Box 16, Folder 35-38

NOSC - Natural Illumination Program (NIP)/Submerged Sensor Program - Contracts, memoranda and correspondence 1988-1991

General note

Contract N66001-86-D-002 (also referred to as "Project Skylight"). Statement of work references the SLC data collection program.

Naval Oceanographic Office (NOO)

Box 16, Folder 39

NOO - Water clarity survey system 1967-1970

General note

UCSD-2810, -2917. Contract no. N62306-69-C-0135.
Box 16, Folder 40

NOO - Correspondence 1968-1971


NOO - Transmissometer/Illuminometer projects

Box 16, Folder 41

Transmissometer system project binder 1971

General note

Contract N62306-72-C-0011.
Box 16, Folder 42

Transmissometer/illuminometer instrument system (NAVOCEANO) 1976-1977

General note

UCSD-0678, -1129.
Box 16, Folder 43

Development of combined transmissometer/illuminometer system 1977-1979

General note

UCSD-0844, -1409; Contract no. RFP N68463-77-R-0034.
Box 16, Folder 44

Task I: Modification of the transmissometer/illuminometer instrument system; Task II: Field training of personnel in the operation and maintenance of the transmissometer/illuminometer instrument system 1978

General note

UCSD-1129; Contract N68463-77-C-0034.
Box 16, Folder 45

Transmissometer project binder 1985-1986

General note

UCSD-3760; Contract N00024-82-C-6400.
Box 16, Folder 46

NOO - Backscatter meter 1977

General note

Includes technical memorandum EN-001-77.
Box 16, Folder 47

NOO - Water clarity system 1977

Box 16, Folder 48

NOO - Bioluminescence photometer 1978-1979

General note

UCSD-1337. Includes technical memorandum ML-79-001t.

Naval Regional Plant Equipment Office (NRPEO)

Box 17, Folder 1

NRPEO - Sonar signal operations for improved ocean bottom feature extraction 1972-1973

General note

UCSD-5517. Includes technical memorandum UV-72-005t.
Box 17, Folder 2

NRPEO - Simulation studies of underwater imaging systems 1972-1974

General note

UCSD-5662. Contract N66857-73-C-0120.
Box 17, Folder 3

NRPEO - Water properties at tongue of the sea 1973

General note

Box 17, Folder 4

NRPEO - Studies of underwater imaging systems 1973-1975

General note

UCSD-6308, -0088.
Box 17, Folder 5

NRPEO - Experimental TVI system report 1974

General note

Contract N66314-74-C-8016.
Box 17, Folder 6

NRPEO - Synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) design parameters 1975

General note

Contract N66314-74-C-8008.
Box 17, Folder 7

NRPEO - Study of underwater imaging systems 1975-1977

General note

UCSD-0673 revised and -0355
Box 17, Folder 8

NRPEO - Supplement to synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) studies 1976-1977

General note

UCSD-0644 and -0465. Contract N66314-74-C-8008.
Box 17, Folder 9

NRPEO - Underwater imaging-system simulation and test and evaluation support 1976-1977

General note

Box 17, Folder 10

NRPEO - Nighttime visibility studies at sea 1978

Box 17, Folder 11

NRPEO - Data analysis and instrument characterization services 1986-1987

General note


Naval Research Laboratory (NRL)

Box 17, Folder 12

NRL - Study of remote sensing of the ocean in the visible spectrum 1972

General note

UCSD-4951. Contract no. N00014-69-C-0200.
Box 17, Folder 13

NRL - Unconventional underwater imagery 1972

General note

Box 17, Folder 14

NRL - Ocean optical properties studies 1974-1975

General note

Box 17, Folder 15

NRL/CNOC - N-Ross II potential enhancements 1985


Naval Ship Systems Command (NAVSHIPS)/Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA)


NAVSHIPS - Submerged reflectance of submarines (SUBVIS) (Contract N00024-68-C-1100) 1965-1976

Box 17, Folder 16

SUBVIS correspondence 1965-1968

Box 17, Folder 17

Submarine paint 1966-1967

Box 17, Folder 18

Status updates and quarterly reports 1966-1968

Box 17, Folder 19

SUBVIS contract maintenance 1970-1973

Box 17, Folder 20

Submerged reflectance - Summary report by T. J. Petzold and R. W. Austin 1976 August

General note

Technical memorandum ML-76-008t.
Box 17, Folder 21-23

NAVSHIPS - Optical surveillance and optical countermeasures studies reports 1967-1970

Box 17, Folder 24

NAVSEA - System for real time determinations of cloud-free fields of view 1983-1984

General note

UCSD-3033, -3566.

Naval Weapons Center (NWC)

Box 17, Folder 25

NWC - Tracer sighting ranges 1953

Box 17, Folder 26

NWC - Computer simulation of television displays for aircraft identification 1972

General note

Box 17, Folder 27

NWC - Weather and visibility analysis 1973-1974

General note

Box 17, Folder 28

NWC - Availability and credibility of maritime visibility observations 1974

General note

Technical memorandum ML-74-004t. Contract N000123-74-C-0251.

Navy Engineering Logistics Office - Ocean Natural Resources Assessment (ONRA) Program (Contract N41756) 1982-1987

Box 17, Folder 29

ONRA proposals 1982-1983

General note

UCSD-2659, -2977. Contract N41756-82-C-2973.
Box 17, Folder 30

ONRA Project binder 1983-1984

General note

UCSD-3233; contracts N41756-83-C-2909 and N41756-83-C-2645.
Box 17, Folder 31

ONRA research plan (UCSD-86-1219) 1986

Box 17, Folder 32

ONRA correspondence and memoranda

Box 17, Folder 33

Monthly report samples

Box 17, Folder 34

Data, notes and documentation

Box 17, Folder 35

Environmental Data Collection System (EDCS) summaries 1986

Box 17, Folder 36

ONRA 3 project binder 1985

Box 18, Folder 1

ONRA 4 project binder (contract N41756-86-C-9900) 1985-1986

Box 18, Folder 2-3

ONRA 4 project binder 1986-1987


National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Box 18, Folder 4

Contrast sensitivity of the central and peripheral visual fields of normal human observers 1964

General note


NASA/Ames Research Center - Computerized visibility calculations (CVC/Allen Project) 1966-1972

Box 18, Folder 5

CVC proposals

General note

UCSD-1817, -2417, -0229, -2417, -2844, -3345, -3520, -4074, -4481, -4735, -4759, -5742, -6945 under grants NGR-05-009-059 and NGR-05-009-192. For aircraft visibility research related to airborne collisions, and landing.
Box 18, Folder 6-7

CVC correspondence

Box 18, Folder 8

CVC reports

Box 18, Folder 9

Notes and photographs

Box 18, Folder 10

NASA/Electronic Research Center - Spectrometer construction and its field measurements of ocean waters 1968

General note

Box 18, Folder 11

NASA/Electronic Research Center - Parametric modelling studies 1968

Box 18, Folder 12

NASA/Electronic Research Center - Study of atmospheric limitations imposed on the remote sensing from space of sea state and similar oceanographic parameters by visible and infrared radiation 1968-1970

General note

UCSD-2862. Contract no. NAS 12-2126.
Box 18, Folder 13

The green flash: A study of its mechanism 1969

General note

Box 18, Folder 14

Proposal to develop an effective water quality monitoring system 1971

General note

Box 18, Folder 15

Studies of visual aspects of aircraft operations 1972

General note

UCSD-4735. Contract no. NGR 05-009-192.
Box 18, Folder 16

Proposal for crop and plankton growth assessment 1976

Box 18, Folder 17

Techniques for the observation and classification of ocean fronts, internal waves, sea surface swells, and whitecaps 1976-1981

General note

Box 18, Folder 18

NASA/Lewis Research Center - Measurement of optical properties for Great Lakes organic and inorganic species 1978

General note

UCSD-1174, -1211. Contract no. RFP 3-862583. Includes proposals for Lake Erie spectral radiance and irradiance study.
Box 18, Folder 19

Ship and satellite bio-optical research in the California Bight 1979-1981

General note

UCSD-1415, -1415 R1, -1709.
Box 18, Folder 20

NASA/Ocean Processes Branch - Photoecology, optical properties, and remote sensing of warm core rings 1981-1982

General note

UCSD-2359, -2081, contract NAG6-14.
Box 18, Folder 21

Determination of spatial and temporal variations in the optical properties of the Earth's atmosphere and their effects on remotely-sensed characteristics of surface-reflected light 1982-1983

General note

Box 18, Folder 22

NASA/Resource Observation Division - Effects of diffuse skylight on measurements of directional reflectance properties of natural surfaces 1983-1984

General note

Box 18, Folder 23

Investigation of the Northern Adriatic Sea: CZCS imagery and modeling 1985-1986

General note

UCSD-4148, grant NAG 5-587.
Box 18, Folder 24

Remote sensing of ocean color in the Arctic 1987-1988

General note


NASA - Project Gemini

Box 18, Folder 25

Correspondence 1962-1968

Box 18, Folder 26-27

Experiment debriefing transcripts 1963-1965

General note

Mostly document Gemini 5; includes transcripts of conference hosted at Vis Lab as well.
Box 18, Folder 28

Photographs ca. 1964-1967

Box 18, Folder 29

Publicity 1963-1965

Box 18, Folder 30

Contracts - Bureau of Ships (contract NObs-84075) 1963-1965

General note

BuShips contract NObs-92058 was the sequel to NObs-84075. Includes correspondence.
Box 18, Folder 31

Contracts - NAVDOCKS (contract No. 67287) - Proposal for experiment in Laredo, Texas 1965

Box 18, Folder 32

Contracts - NASA (contract 9-5095) and UCSD-1555 1965

Box 18, Folder 33

Meetings - Visibility Laboratory meeting minutes, with photographs 1963-1965

Box 18, Folder 34-35

Meetings - NASA Inflight Experimenters meeting minutes 1963-1968

General note

Includes meetings 1, 3-6, 8, 10, and 11.
Box 18, Folder 36

In-Flight Visual Acuity Experiment proposal and outline 1963-1964

Box 18, Folder 37

Computer predictions of visibility by astronauts ca. 1964

Box 18, Folder 38

Description of Gemini experiments: Flights GT-3 through GT-7 1964 April 13

General note

Booklet distributed by NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight.
Box 18, Folder 39

Quality Assurance Program memoranda 1964 December 14

Box 19, Folder 1

Failure Analysis, Flight Safety Report, and Qualification Test Program 1964-1965

Box 19, Folder 2

Experiment milestone schedules 1964-1965

Box 19, Folder 3

Descriptive documentation for Experiment S-8/D-13 1964-1965

Box 19, Folder 4

General Electric - Experiment proposal for GT-7 1964-1965

Box 19, Folder 5

Experiment S-8/D-13 requirements 1965

Box 19, Folder 6

Vision figures - Graphs and data sheets 1965

Box 19, Folder 7

Procedures and milestones for Gemini - Pamphlet 1965 January 21

Box 19, Folder 8

Test procedures and revisions 1965 March-April

Box 19, Folder 9

Description of experiment and plans for S-8/D-13 for Gemini V and Gemini VII 1965 May-June

Box 19, Folder 10

Experiment plan for Gemini In-Flight Human Otolith Function Experiment M-9 1965 June 8

General note

Conducted by John Billingham, Earl Miller, and Jerry Jones.
Box 19, Folder 11

Mission reports 1965 August

Box 19, Folder 12-14

GT-5 flight plan 1965 April-August

Box 19, Folder 15

Palm Beach County Commissioners experiment proposal for GT-7 1965 September 13

Box 19, Folder 16

Mission Operation Plan drafts 1964 October-1965 October

Box 19, Folder 17

Gemini VII preflight trajectory data 1965 November 9

Box 19, Folder 18

Gemini VII flight plan 1965 November 16

Box 19, Folder 19

Film and experimental data recovery plan, Gemini VI-VII 1965 November 19

Box 19, Folder 20

Gemini V Experiment objectives and equipment - Post flight Interim Report 1966 January 6

Box 19, Folder 21

Apollo helmet lighting study - Memo to Duntley 1967 May 24

Box 19, Folder 22

United States Activities in Spacecraft Oceanography - Booklet by NASA and the Naval Oceanographic Office 1967 October 1

General note

Describes vision experiments conducted during Gemini flights.
Box 19, Folder 23

Gemini V and Gemini VII final reports 1965-1968

Box 19, Folder 24-35

Inflight vision tester 1964-1967

General note

Correspondence, description and design specifications, technical memoranda, photographs, manual and reports.
Box 19, Folder 36-45

Inflight photometer 1964-1966

General note

Description and design specifications, procedures, reports, photographs and manual.

Ground Observation Sites

Box 19, Folder 46

Sun azimuth and zenith polar plots ca. 1964

Box 19, Folder 47

Preliminary sighting data 1964

Box 20, Folder 1-7

Laredo, Texas site data and images 1964-1966

Box 20, Folder 8

Woodleigh, Australia site data ca. 1964-1966

Box 20, Folder 9

Solar positions 1965

Box 20, Folder 10

Ground reflectance data 1965

Box 20, Folder 11

Yuma, Arizona site data 1965

Box 20, Folder 12

Climatological Survey for Yuma, AZ and El Centro, CA 1965 October 19

Box 20, Folder 13

Revised data for GT-7 1965-1966

Box 20, Folder 14

Data collection sequence and data reduction method ca. 1965-1967

Box 20, Folder 15

Gemini VII results 1965-1967


Audiovisual Recordings

Box 20, Folder 16

Gemini visual acuity experiments, GT-5 and 7 - Master VHS copy compilations of original films

General note

Master VHS: Color, sound, time 1:31:33. The first 1:00:27 is clips from film reels A-F; 1:00:28-1:31:33 is a copy of Reel G, the documentary. The second VHS has the same content as the master, but with the documentary first on the tape, followed by the silent clips. Includes images of Gemini astronauts Frank Borman, Charles Conrad, Gordon Cooper and James Lovell.

Conditions Governing Access note

Original is restricted (digital version available).
Oversize FS-144

Film B - First formal Gemini 7 briefing 1965 July

General note

16mm film, color, silent, approximate time 00:05:30. NASA-MSC file number 4235.

Conditions Governing Access note

Restrictions Apply
Oversize FS-145

Film D - GT-7 pass over Laredo, Texas 1965 December

General note

16mm film, color, silent, approximate time 00:12:00. NASA-MSC file number 4800.

Conditions Governing Access note

Restrictions Apply
Oversize FS-146

Film E - Loredo site during the GT-5 mission 1965 August

General note

16mm film, color, silent, approximate time 00:15:00.

Conditions Governing Access note

Restrictions Apply
Oversize FS-147

Film F - Training film for visual acuity target 1965 December

General note

16mm film, color, silent, approximate time 00:22:00.

Conditions Governing Access note

Restrictions Apply
Oversize FS-148

Film G - Gemini Visual Acuity Experiment documentary 1965

General note

16mm film, color, sound, approximate time 00:30:00. Documentary on the experiment, featuring Roswell Austin, Seibert Duntley, and Robert Stapleford. NASA-MSC file number 65-282.

Conditions Governing Access note

Restrictions Apply
Box 20, Folder 17-19

GT-7 scientific debriefing - Sound recording on 5 reel-to-reels 1965 January 4

Conditions Governing Access note

Restrictions Apply
Box 20, Folder 20-21

GT-5 scientific debriefing - Sound recording on 3 reel-to-reels 1965 September 8

Conditions Governing Access note

Restrictions Apply

Other Contract Partners (A-Z)


Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)/Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)


ARPA - Image restoration and processing (RADI) 1960-1961, 1966-1973

Box 21, Folder 1

Early correspondence 1960-1961

General note

Describes anticipated breakthrough in off-setting atmospheric boil (refraction) on ground- or ship-based optical devices for tracking aerial objects.
Box 21, Folder 2

Activity reports

Box 21, Folder 3

Memo by D. P. MacAdam 1966

Box 21, Folder 4

Correspondence and memoranda 1966-1973

General note

Includes UCSD-2101, -2948, -3599. Contracts no. F08606-68-C-0017 and F08606-71-C-0020 (between Patrick Air Force Base and University of California).
Box 21, Folder 5

Technical memoranda - IM-67-001t-009t 1967 November-December

General note

Authors include Helstrom, MacAdam and Preisendorfer.
Box 21, Folder 6-7

Technical memoranda - IM-68-001t-034t, IM-69-001t 1968-1969

Box 21, Folder 8

McGlamery, B. L. "A brief history of Project RADI, 1960-1968" 1968 June

Box 21, Folder 9

Resolution limitations on underwater imagery - Draft and notes ca. 1971

Box 21, Folder 10

Joint Carde ARPA meeting on Mid-course Detection of Ballistic Missiles 1961 August 24-25

Box 21, Folder 11

ARPA - Night vision / Scotoscopes proposal 1964

Box 21, Folder 12

ARPA - Underwater research proposals 1970-1971

General note

UCSD-3999 and UCSD-4192. Related research proposals: Explore connections between the modulation transfer function of a path of light through water, and Comprehensive research program on improving underwater optical 2-way communications.
Box 21, Folder 13

ARPA - Computer processing of degraded imagery 1973

General note

UCSD-6311. Contract no. F30602-73-C-0280.
Box 21, Folder 14

DARPA - Development of a method for the simultaneous measurement of volume attenuation coefficient and forward scattering 1973-1974

General note

Box 21, Folder 15

DARPA - Studies of techniques for the measurement of optical properties of waters in the deep sea basins 1974-1975

General note

Box 21, Folder 16

DARPA - Advanced imaging systems studies 1978

General note

Box 21, Folder 17

DARPA - Assessment and modeling of ocean optical properties 1978-1981

Box 21, Folder 18-22

American Optical Corporation - Visibility research 1967-1973

Box 21, Folder 23

Army Chemical Center, Chemical Corps Technical Command - Duntley Scattering Chamber 1946-1950

Box 21, Folder 24

Army Snow Ice and Permafrost Research Establishment (SiPRE) - Attenuation meter 1958-1961

Box 21, Folder 25

Army - Visual identification problems with Howard Coleman 1974-1975

Box 21, Folder 26

Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) - Alterations and additions to existing underwater spectrometer to prepare it for research in the ocean 1965

General note


Biospherical Instruments, Inc.

Box 21, Folder 27

Antarctic consulting 1988-1989

Box 21, Folder 28

Remote optical property environmental sensor (ROPES) proposal 1990

General note

Describes Austin and Petzold's role as "consultants in the design and evaluation of the beam transmittance and scattering detectors" (page 18).
Box 21, Folder 29

Petzold, T. J. Some thoughts on the calibration of the ROPES photometric system 1991

General note

Technical memorandum TJP/BIO 91-01t.
Box 21, Folder 30

Petzold, T. J. Collection efficiency over field of view for a collimated optical system 1991

Box 21, Folder 31

Advanced bio-optical profiling system (ABOPS) proposal 1991

Box 21, Folder 32

Austin, R. W. Ray traces of a UV optical relay system 1990

Box 21, Folder 33

Petzold, T. J. Submerged Remote Sensing (SRS) model with Calypso and Scripps Canyon data 1990 May

Box 21, Folder 34-35

Birch Aquarium - Kelp tank windows project 1992-1995

Box 21, Folder 36

California Sea Grant - Use of the Nimbus-7 CZCS to evaluate circulation and productivity processes along the Central California Coast 1982-1984

General note

Project R/CZ-63A.

California Space Group/Institute (CSI)

Box 21, Folder 37

CSI - Monitoring phytoplankton in the Southern California Bight by remote testing 1979-1980

General note

Box 21, Folder 38

CSI - Remote sensing by means of the polarization of light 1981-1982

General note

Box 21, Folder 39

CSI - Spatial and temporal dynamics of phytoplankton blooms 1981-1982

General note

Box 21, Folder 40

CSI - Remote sensing of subsurface ocean water temperature profiles 1981-1982

General note

Box 21, Folder 41

CSI - Analysis of ocean processes in California coastal waters 1981-1982

General note

Box 21, Folder 42

CSI - Aircraft and shipboard instrumentation for continuous remote sensing of subsurface ocean temperature profiles 1982-1983

General note

Box 21, Folder 43

CSI - Remote sensing of equatorial mesoscale variability 1983-1984

General note

Box 21, Folder 44

CSI - Modelling optical properties in the ocean using HPLC measured pigment distributions 1986-1987

General note

Box 21, Folder 45

CSI - Feasibility assessment and demonstration of ocean color remote sensing in case-II waters of the San Francisco Bay estuarine ecosystem 1987-1988

General note


CIA - Image Processing (IMP) 1965-1972

Box 22, Folder 1

Contracts and proposals

General note

UCSD-1547, -2083, -3091, -3100, -3162, -3682, -5051. Material relating to contract no. XG-2794-66-R.
Box 22, Folder 2


Box 22, Folder 3

Activity reports

Box 22, Folder 4

James L. Harris project notebook 1968

Box 22, Folder 5

James L. Harris draft reports and presentations on IMP 1969

Box 22, Folder 6

Digital Image Processing - Summary report by Benjamin McGlamery 1972

Box 22, Folder 7

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) - Visual observation studies 1978

General note

Box 22, Folder 8

Department of the Interior. National Park Service. Crater Lake National Park - Submarine radiometers 1957-1964

General note

Includes data graphs and information on a submarine photometer.
Box 22, Folder 9

Department of Transportation (DOT) - Focal project on water clarity in deep ocean environments 1937

Box 22, Folder 10

Department of Transportation (DOT) - Proposals on coefficient irradiance underwater 1971-1973


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Box 22, Folder 11

EPA - The effects of suspended sediments on the penetration of solar radiation into natural waters 1978-1981

General note

Box 22, Folder 12

EPA - Penetration of UV-B into natural waters and its effects on primary productivity 1979-1980

General note

UCSD-1614, -1248.
Box 22, Folder 13

EPA - Penetration of UV-B into natural waters and its effects on primary productivity and the population of Northern Anchovy 1981

General note

Box 22, Folder 14

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) - Study to acquire and analyze data of the visual limitations in assessing air collision threats 1971-1973

General note

UCSD-4442. Includes draft of final report.
Box 22, Folder 15

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) - Study of evasive maneuvers for midair collision avoidance 1973-1974

General note

UCSD-6725. Includes draft of final report entitled, "Exploration of the relationship between visual search performance and adaptation level."
Box 22, Folder 16

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Analysis of satellite data to supplement an oceanographic survey of the northern Somali coast 1984

General note

Box 22, Folder 17

General Dynamic, Convair Division - Probable discrimination and recognition capabilities of enemy optical systems 1959 October 17

Box 22, Folder 18

GTE Sylvania Inc. - Marine water parameter measurement program 1981

General note

Box 22, Folder 19

International Harvester Company, Solar Division - Optical design of radiation sensors as applied to turbine engines (pyrometers) 1969-1976


Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory (APL)

Box 22, Folder 20

APL - Bioluminescence sensor 1983-1984

General note


APL - Development of an underwater light sensor (radiometer)

Box 22, Folder 21

Radiometer manual (EN-008-85t/R2) 1984-1985

Box 22, Folder 22

APLB Radiometer Video System manual

Box 22, Folder 23

Correspondence and memoranda 1984-1986

Box 22, Folder 24

Drawings ca. 1986

Box 22, Folder 25

Contracts and proposals 1984-1985

General note

APL contract 601897-0. UCSD-3898 and -3413.
Box 22, Folder 26-28

APL - Standard Rampart, Vis Lab radiometric and optical support 1985

General note

Box 22, Folder 29

APL - Spectral characteristics of water reflectance proposal 1985

Box 22, Folder 30

APL - Studies of factors affecting visibility in a marine environment 1985-1987

General note

UCSD-4020, UCSD-86-1479.
Box 22, Folder 31

APL - Transmissometer 1986

Box 22, Folder 32

APL - Miscellaneous project correspondence and memoranda 1986-1987

Box 22, Folder 33

APL - Standard Rampart, Study of inherent/apparent optical properties of ocean water 1987

General note

Box 22, Folder 34

APL - Polarization of light reflected from paint samples 1987

Box 22, Folder 35

NATO Undersea Research Centre (NURC) - Submerged Contrast Model (SRS) 2008

General note

Validity assessment using Vis Lab data from R/V Captain Hook, USNS De Steiguer, USNS Lynch and AUTEC cruises.

National Defense Research Committee (NDRC)/Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD) Section 16.3 - Camouflage 1942-1945

Box 23, Folder 1

Duntley, S. Q. Diary and scrapbook of activities on behalf of NDRC Section 16.3 1942-1943


Typescript diary, and a small, 8-page scrapbook of images and illustrations of Laurelton Hall (the Tiffany estate), Long Island, NY.

Laurelton Hall scrapbook ca. 1943

Laurelton Hall scrapbook

Box 23, Folder 2

Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation - Visibility research 1942-1943

Box 23, Folder 3

Goniophotometer samples 1943

Box 23, Folder 4

Duntley, S. Q. Account of the Spectrogeograph Expedition ca. 1943

General note

References the Tiffany Laboratory and visibility studies off Florida and in Oyster Bay.
Box 23, Folder 5-7

Duntley, S. Q. Log of NDRC Section 16.3 activities 1944-1945

Box 23, Folder 8

Suggested questions on camouflage for interrogation of captured German submariners 1945

Box 23, Folder 9

Preliminary report on the visibility of targets, prepared by Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation 1945


National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Box 23, Folder 10

NOAA/NOIC (National Oceanographic Instrumentation Center) - Test and calibration procedures for underwater illuminometers 1970-1972

General note

Project 1-13160.
Box 23, Folder 11

NOAA/NESS (National Environmental Satellite Service) - Remote sensing of phytoplankton: The relationship between water color and growth rate 1975-1976

General note

Box 23, Folder 12

NOAA/NESS (National Environmental Satellite Service) - Transmissometer system for water clarity 1976

Box 23, Folder 13

NOAA/NOIC (National Oceanographic Instrumentation Center) - Preparation of text entitled "Handbook of Underwater Optical Instrumentation" 1976-1977

General note

Box 23, Folder 14

NOAA - Penetration of ultraviolet radiation into natural waters 1976-1978

General note

UCSD-0715, -0975, -1161. Contract no. 04-7-158-44039. Includes unofficial proposal and offers to the EPA, NASA, Plant Physiology Institution.
Box 23, Folder 15

NOAA/NESS (National Environmental Satellite Service) - Atmospheric transmittance and path radiance measurement and analysis 1979-1980

General note

Box 23, Folder 16

NOAA - An assessment of the feasibility of using remote sensing from spacecraft to monitor water mass movement in the Florida Keys 1980

General note

Box 23, Folder 17

NOAA - Man's impact on coral reefs 1980

General note

Box 23, Folder 18

NOAA - Remote sensing of subsurface ocean water temperature profiles 1981-1982

General note

Box 23, Folder 19

NOAA - Research on the effect of volume depolarization of laser Raman measurement in water 1982-1983

General note

Box 23, Folder 20

NOAA National Marine Fisheries - A proposal to study the mesoscale ecology of marine mammals 1981

General note


National Science Foundation (NSF)

Box 23, Folder 21

NSF - Alterations and additions to existing underwater spectrometer to prepare it for research in the ocean 1965

General note

Box 23, Folder 22

NSF - Underwater radiance distribution measurements 1965

General note

Box 23, Folder 23

NSF - Hydrologic optics, spacelight spectroscopy (Spectroradiometric measurements of the spacelight generated by multiple scattering of natural light in the ocean) 1967

General note

UCSD-1744. Includes drawings of photometer.
Box 23, Folder 24

NSF - Hydrologic optics, including spectroradiometric measurements and correlating biological and physical measurements 1968

General note

Box 23, Folder 25

NSF - Optical oceanography 1969-1971

General note

Box 23, Folder 26

NSF - Measurement of radiance distributions in natural waters 1969-1971

General note

UCSD-3282 and -4137. Contract no. NSF-GA-19738.
Box 23, Folder 27

NSF - Application of image processing techniques to astronomical photography 1970

General note

UCSD-3843. Includes paper by McGlamery.
Box 23, Folder 28

NSF - Hydrologic optics and photosynthesis 1971-1974

General note

UCSD-4119 and -6317. Contract no. NSF-GA-19830.
Box 23, Folder 29

NSF - Spectral absorption coefficient of pure fresh water and pure sea water 1973-1974

General note

Box 23, Folder 30

NSF - Penetration of ultraviolet radiation into natural waters 1974-1976

General note

Box 23, Folder 31

NSF - Regulation of phytoplankton growth: a thermodynamic model 1975-1977

General note

Box 23, Folder 32

NSF - Quantitative study of the separate components of ocean water 1976

General note

UCSD-0189. Contract no. NSF-GA-19830.
Box 23, Folder 33

NSF - Marine photoecology 1981-1984

General note

Box 23, Folder 34

NSF/Division of Polar Programs - Large-scale spatial and temporal variations of spectral reflection from snow 1984-1986

General note

Box 23, Folder 35

NSF - Thermohaline circulation in the Gulf of California 1985-1986

General note

Box 23, Folder 36

NSF - Application of Differential Optoacoustic Spectroscopy (DOAS) in phytoplankton absorption and production measurements 1986-1989

General note

Box 23, Folder 37

National Transportation Safety Board - Air visibility studies 1970-1973

Box 23, Folder 38

Pacific Gas and Electric - Study of wire and structure visibility enhancement techniques 1976-1977

General note


Rome Air Development Center (RADC)

Box 23, Folder 39

RADC - Computer simulation of degraded imagery 1973-1974

General note

UCSD-5947; Contract no. F30602-73-C-0280.
Box 23, Folder 40

RADC - Stimulation studies of degraded space object imagery; Computer studies of compensated imaging techniques 1974-1978

General note

UCSD-6579, -0299, -0118. Contract nos. F30602-74-Q-0171 and F30602-74-C-0104.
Box 23, Folder 41

RADC - Computer studies of compensated imaging techniques 1976-1978

General note

UCSD-0499, Contract no. F30602-76-C-0027.
Box 23, Folder 42

RADC - Requirement analysis for an image processing facility 1977-1979

General note

Box 23, Folder 43

RADC - CIS performance/CIS images 1981-1984

General note

UCSD-2067, -2485, -2924, and -3395.
Box 23, Folder 44

Sandia Laboratories - Water properties measurement support 1969-1974

Box 23, Folder 45

Saudi-Sudanese Red Sea Joint Commission - Environmental monitoring of industrial development in the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf regions by satellite remote sensing 1981-1983

Box 23, Folder 46

SIO, Marine Physical Laboratory - Side-looking sonar ca. 1971

Box 23, Folder 47

World Bank - Test and evaluation program using satellite observations for the Somali fishery 1984

General note

Box 23, Folder 48

Wright Air Development Center - Periscope problem 1953



Scope and Content of Series

Series 6) REMOTE SENSING OF OCEAN COLOR/CZCS: In 1966, NASA provided funding to the Navy Oceanographic Office (NOO) to create the Spacecraft Oceanography (SPOC) Program Office. SPOC's charge was to coordinate and support research on the remote sensing of the oceans. In July 1971 SPOC was transferred from NOO to the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), and designated as the Remote Sensing Oceanography (ROSC) Project. In 1972 it was transferred to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Environmental Satellite Service (NESS). These files document the Visibility Lab's participation in the SPOC Program, especially S. Q. Duntley and Roswell Austin, who were pioneers in ocean color research and the related field of atmospheric optics.
In 1973, the Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) program was approved. The CZCS, from its position aboard the Nimbus-7 spacecraft (launched in October 1978), was designed to collect imagery data about the oceans. In 1975, a SPOC Nimbus Experiment Team (NET), including Austin, was formed to develop algorithms for NASA to correct the CZCS's image data from derogation caused by atmospheric effects. They conducted "surface truth" cruises to capture oceanographic measurements to develop validation techniques for CZCS data. The latter parts of this series show the evolution of Visibility Lab's participation in remote sensing of ocean color research with the CZCS, with NOAA/NESS, NASA and Navy ONR/DARPA contracts. Additional material about the CZCS and ocean color research may also be found throughout the collection. For more information on the history of the SPOC Program and remote sensing of the oceans, see Ocean Colour: Theory and Applications in a Decade of CZCS Experience, ed. Barale and Schlittenhardt (1991).

Spacecraft Oceanography Project (SPOC)/Remote Sensing Oceanography Project (RSOP) 1967-1974

Box 24, Folder 1-3

Correspondence and memoranda 1967-1972

Box 24, Folder 4

Activity reports and summaries - Remote sensing of ocean color, Multispectral photography, and Sea state by optical techniques 1970-1971

Box 24, Folder 5

Proposals and contracts 1970-1972

General note

UCSD-3834, -4110, -4435.
Box 24, Folder 6

SPOC/ROSP meeting - Trials of NASA/TRW Scanning Image Spectroradiometer (SIS) and remote sensing 1971-1974

Box 24, Folder 7

Research and drafts for NASA 1972 summary report

Box 24, Folder 8

SPOC technical memorandum - High altitude ocean color experiment, by R. W. Austin and C. F. Edgerton 1972 June

Box 24, Folder 9

SPOC project binder 1972-1974

General note

Contract N00014-69-A-0200-6033.

NOAA/NESS - Remote sensing of ocean properties by means of visible light 1973-1984

Box 24, Folder 10

Correspondence and memoranda 1973-1978

Box 24, Folder 11

Research proposals 1974-1978

Box 24, Folder 12

Research grants 1973, 1976

Box 24, Folder 13

Notes and drafts on NOAA/NESS ocean color research 1976-1978

Box 24, Folder 14-15

Austin, R. The remote sensing of ocean color - Research notebooks #5 and 6 1977-1984

General note

Notebooks document cruises and reference CZCS Nimbus-7 data; probably referring to joint NASA and NOAA research. Notebook 6 includes Northeast Experiment data from R/V Oceanus.
Box 24, Folder 16

Project binder (contract NA80AA-D-00007) 1979-1983


NASA - Nimbus-7 Satellite 1978-1984

Box 24, Folder 17

Wilson, W. H. and R. W. Austin. Papers on Remote sensing of ocean color ca. 1978

General note

Summary of program history and goals for CZCS, and NASA's Nimbus-7 Experiment Team (NET), including "surface truth" cruise research goals, algorithm development, etc.
Box 24, Folder 18

NASA/Goddard Spaceflight Center - Remote sensing surface truth cruises of the R/V New Horizon and Oceanus 1979

General note

UCSD-1375, -1474.
Box 24, Folder 19

Austin, R. "Image processing: CZCS CRTT" research notebook 1979-1982

Box 24, Folder 20

Austin, R. W. Solar spectral irradiances for CZCS channels 1-4 1979-1982

General note

Includes technical memorandum DL-002-82t, 004-082t.
Box 24, Folder 21

NASA/Goddard Spaceflight Center - Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) validation studies 1980-1982

General note

UCSD-1922, -2402, -2363, and -2620, contract NAS 5-26249.
Box 24, Folder 22

Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) applications summary 1981

Box 24, Folder 23

Austin, R. W. CZCS algorithm summary, and notes 1981-1982

Box 24, Folder 24

Nimbus Experiment Team (NET) CZCS System meetings - Notes 1977, 1982-1984


Navy (Office of Naval Research)/DARPA - Assessment and Modeling of Ocean Optical Properties (MOOP) 1978-1986

Box 24, Folder 25

MOOP Project binder 1978-1980

General note

Related to Nimbus-7 research program; multi-spectral radiance images, obtained from CZCS, to measure diffuse attenuation coefficient (K). Contract N00014-78-C-0566.
Box 24, Folder 26

MOOP Project binder 1981-1984

Box 25, Folder 1

MOOP Project binder (UCSD 3936) 1985-1986

Box 25, Folder 2

MOOP multi-task proposals 1983-1985


NOAA/NASA/JPL Fisheries Demonstration Program 1980-1985

Box 25, Folder 3

Correspondence, notes and memoranda 1980-1985

Box 25, Folder 4

Reports and brochures 1980-1985

Box 25, Folder 5

Fisheries Demonstration Program project binder 1981

Box 25, Folder 6

Austin, R. Fisheries Demonstration Program research notebooks 1981

Box 25, Folder 7

Proposals 1981, 1984

General note

UCSD-3059, -2110.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 7) RESEARCH, WRITINGS AND PRESENTATIONS: A large series of research files, notebooks, manuscripts, technical memoranda, and other written work product by Visibility Lab researchers, arranged chronologically. Much of the material complements files in Series 5) PROJECTS, PROPOSALS AND CONTRACTS.
Box 25, Folder 8

Inventory of Vis Lab reports by SIO Reference number 1970 July

Box 25, Folder 9

Glass analyzer - Sketches by J. Taylor ca. 1940


Haze paint 1940-1944

Box 25, Folder 10

Correspondence and research 1940-1944

General note

Documentation of a paint developed by Samuel Cabot of Boston, which was tested by the Physics Department and Visibility Laboratory at MIT. Haze paint application and visibility was tested by the NDRC, the War Department's Air Corps Materiel Division, and the Navy.
Box 25, Folder 11

Scattering calculations ca. 1941

Box 25, Folder 12

The application of haze paint to aircraft camouflage - Engineering report 1942 March 17

Box 25, Folder 13

Duntley, S. Q. Camouflage research for Passive Defense Project, Board of Engineers 1941-1942

General note

The PDP was established in Boston by the WPA; the Corps of Engineers assumed technical supervision of the project in 1941 at Fort Belvoir. File contains correspondence and memoranda to and by Duntley (while he was at MIT in the Physics Department), a lecture on pigments and camouflage coatings, and research.
Box 25, Folder 14

Jenkins, F. A. Optical investigations completed to December 10, 1941. UC Division of National Defense Research 1941

Box 25, Folder 15

Tilles, I. H. and A. B. Wyse. The possibility of underwater television as a supplement to underwater photography 1942

Box 25, Folder 16

Varney, F. M. Underwater rescue light and sound source - Suggested outline for development program 1942

Box 25, Folder 17

Wyse, A. B. Progress report on underwater photography 1942

Box 25, Folder 18

Austin, R. W. Notes on parallel T. networks, design and analysis 1943-1946

Box 25, Folder 19

General Electric - Austin's work on UAGL range unit and AGC analyses 1944-1948

Box 25, Folder 20

Radial flux transfer ca. 1945

General note

Includes unidentified contract proposal, "Theoretical study of the attenuation of the thermal radiation by smoke."
Box 25, Folder 21

Duntley, S. Q. The reduction of apparent contrast by the atmosphere ca. 1946

General note

Includes draft for presentation on "Measurements of apparent contrast."
Box 25, Folder 22

General Electric, General Engineering and Consulting Laboratory - Austin's notes on atmospherical optics ca. 1948-1951

General note

Includes Transmission, backscattering tests, and transducer no. 2.
Box 25, Folder 23

Underwater photography in turbid water 1949

Box 25, Folder 24

Sea state analysis 1949-1953


Diamond Island, NH Field Station - Hydrological optics research 1949-1968

Box 25, Folder 25

Personal property inventory

Box 25, Folder 26


Box 25, Folder 27

Transcription of meeting 1953

Box 25, Folder 28

Tower and punt shots, with photographs 1945-1956

Box 25, Folder 29

Barge data and contrast reduction 1948

Box 25, Folder 30

Barge data 1948-1949

Box 25, Folder 31

Secchi disk readings 1948-1949

Box 25, Folder 32

Radio notes and diagrams 1949, 1951

Box 25, Folder 33

Finkelstein's notebook 1949

Box 25, Folder 34-36

Radiance distribution data 1956

Box 25, Folder 37

Project file 1956-1958

General note

Includes correspondence, clipping and project documentation with various divisions of the Navy, including NEL, BuShips, ONR, and the Bureau of Aeronautics. Research included submarine visibility and concealment. See also PROJECTS, PROPOSALS AND CONTRACTS series, Navy/ONR subseries.
Box 25, Folder 38

Data 1960

Box 25, Folder 39-41

Experimental log books 1962-1968

Box 25, Folder 42

Duntley, S. Q. Transmission of images through a lighted atmosphere - Draft ca. 1950

Box 25, Folder 43

Ensminger, R. Exacta shutter calibrations ca. 1950

Box 25, Folder 44

Austin, R. W. Investigation of type B electronic tachometer for A.G.T. 1950

Box 25, Folder 45

Meteorological range meter 1950-1953

Box 25, Folder 46

Camouflage reflectance experiments, San Diego harbor 1951

Box 25, Folder 47

Coules, J. and E. Robinson. The role of brightness patterns in visual perception 1952 February 2

Box 25, Folder 48-49

Duntley, S. Q. Visibility of submerged objects - Lectures and reports 1952-1954

Box 26, Folder 1

Blackwell, H. Richard. Recommended procedure for use in visibility calculations 1953 April 17

Box 26, Folder 2

Hood, John M. Photomultiplier response to Zenith skylight 1953 July

Box 26, Folder 3

Moe, Mildred. The attenuation of light by sea water 1953 September 3

Box 26, Folder 4

Preisendorfer, R. W. Graphical-numerical calculation of the primary luminance field about a submerged point source; and Detection of shadows in a luminance field 1953-1954

Box 26, Folder 5

Bryant, John. Laboratory notebook 1953-1955

Box 26, Folder 6

Austin, R. Laboratory notebook 1953-1964

Box 26, Folder 7

Visibility meter and sky-state meter - Proposals ca. 1953

Box 26, Folder 8

Austin. R. W. Lecture notes on optics and photometry 1953-1956

Box 26, Folder 9

Duntley, S. Q. The importance of optically clean absorption cells in the determination of the concentration of dye solutions ca. 1954

Box 26, Folder 10

Boileau, A. R. Sphere program 1954

Box 26, Folder 11

Boileau, A. R. Notebook 1954

Box 26, Folder 12

Culver, William. Background material for the consideration of optical scanning systems 1954 May 27

Box 26, Folder 13-14

Whitney, William M. Wind-blown sea surface papers and report file 1954 June, October

General note

Research sponsored by Navy BuShips contract NOBs-50274.
Box 26, Folder 15

Culver, Fred R. Transmission of light by the surface of a natural body of water, with photographs 1954 June 7

Box 26, Folder 16

Tyler, John E. and R. W. Austin. The isolation of air-type thermopiles for use in the Pt. Loma area 1954 June 7

General note

Research sponsored by Navy BuShips contract NOBs-50274.
Box 26, Folder 17

Brown, Dayton R. E. Visual search and concealment countermeasures: A series of talks originally prepared for underwater demolition units and teams of the amphibious Command, U.S. Navy 1954 July

Box 26, Folder 18

Tyler, John E. The apparent spectral distribution and colors of underwater objects as seen by swimmers 1954 July

General note

Sponsored by Navy BuShips contract NOBs-43356.
Box 26, Folder 19

Preisendorfer, R. W. An exact evaluation of the reflectance of a flat surface for a radiance distribution of the form 1954 August 18

Box 26, Folder 20

Takle, K. J. et al. Theory of visual spatial integration (NEL) 1954 September 8

Box 26, Folder 21

Culver, William. Description of a new wave-slope meter 1954 October

General note

Research sponsored by Navy BuShips contract NOBs-50274.
Box 26, Folder 22

Brettler, B. J. Feasibility study: Xenon flash lamp polar nephelometer 1954 October 5

Box 26, Folder 23

Distribution of luminance in the lower sky during twilight 1954 October 14

Box 26, Folder 24

Duntley, S. Q. Visibility from aircraft. Optical Society of America, Los Angeles, CA 1954 October 14

Box 26, Folder 25

Duntley, S. Q. Notes on lectures on physiological optics and visibility calculations 1954 November-December

Box 26, Folder 26

Williams, E. Allan and C. L. Utterback. Periodic measurements of submarine illumination and spectral extinction coefficients in tidal waters 1954 December 28

Box 26, Folder 27

Ballard, S. S. A program in environmental optics 1955

Box 26, Folder 28

Harris, James L. Notebook 1955

General note

Includes sections on calculation of binocular visual detection lobes, and Signal-to-noise ratio in RC circuits.
Box 26, Folder 29

Howard, F. J. et al. A three polarizer calibration unit for photometric instruments 1955

Box 26, Folder 30

Tyler, J. E. Measurement of light in the sea 1955

Box 26, Folder 31

Wilts, James R. and H. R. Cardoza. Notebook 1955

General note

Includes notes on downed aviator rescue (searchlight beams).
Box 26, Folder 32

Tyler, J. E. and S. Q. Duntley. The apparent color of underwater objects 1955

Box 26, Folder 33

Preisendorfer, R. The apparent radiance of submerged objects 1955

Box 26, Folder 34

Moore, Thomas W. Sea surface luminance 1955 April 8

Box 26, Folder 35-36

Snodgrass, H. R. Notes on development of sky-state meter 1955-1958

General note

Notes include topics: K values for ARDC model atmosphere; progress reports; shadow effects in sea-reflection; transmittance; procedures for calculation of k values; attenuation coefficient.
Box 26, Folder 37

Cardoza, H. R. Notebook, and high voltage power supply patent 1956-1957

Box 26, Folder 38

Duntley, S. Q. Visual detection of aircraft ca. 1956

Box 26, Folder 39

Ballard, S. S. Selection criteria for optical materials 1956

General note

Presented at Optical Society of America (OSA).
Box 26, Folder 40

Duntley, S. Q. Image transmission by the troposphere 1956

Box 26, Folder 41

Duntley, S. Q. Penetration of light into the sea. Symposium on Deep Sea Research 1956 February

Box 26, Folder 42

Preisendorfer, R. W. A new method for the determination of the volume scattering function in environmental optics 1956 March

General note

Report on a portion of the work completed under contract Nobs-50274 between BuShips (Navy) and S. Q. Duntley.
Box 26, Folder 43

Harris, James L. Detection engineering seminar lecture 1956 May-June

Box 26, Folder 44

Ballard, S. S. Modern infrared physics. San Diego Physics Club Seminar presentation 1956 June 21

Box 26, Folder 45

Duntley, S. Q. Two decades of development in atmospheric optics. Boston University, Physical Research Laboratory Symposium on Atmospheric Optics 1956 August-September

Box 26, Folder 46

Duntley, S. Q. Concealment design by engineering methods 1956 November 12

Box 26, Folder 47

Preisendorfer, R. Derivation and solution of equations of transfer for irradiance in a cylindrical coordinate system - Notes 1956 November 30

Box 26, Folder 48

Duntley, S. Q. et al. The reduction of contrast by atmospheric boil 1956-1957

General note

Research sponsored by the Navy, BuShips. Related to the Florida Atmospheric Optics experiments at Patrick AB. Includes photographs.
Box 26, Folder 49

Boileau, A. R. Research notes and draft memoranda 1956-1961

Box 26, Folder 50-51

Harris, James L. Image Orthicon (I-O) modification patent and notebook 1956-1961

General note

Includes patent documentation related to a device Harris developed during execution of Navy contract Nobs-72092, "Apparatus and method for detection of targets at high light levels."
Box 27, Folder 1

Use of high altitude parachute flares and other sources of illumination for night search operations for small targets ca. 1957

General note

Coast Guard report; search and rescue (SAR) operation research.
Box 27, Folder 2

Farkington. Notebook 1957

Box 27, Folder 3

Nelson, A. L. Photo-electronic scanning celestial altitude navigation system 1957

Box 27, Folder 4

Duntley, S. Q. Atmospheric limitations on missile photography 1957

General note

Research sponsored by the Navy, BuShips. Related to the Florida Atmospheric Optics experiments.
Box 27, Folder 5

Harris, James L. Shimmer meter calibration 1957 January-February

General note

Research sponsored by the Navy, BuShips. Related to the Florida Atmospheric Optics experiments.
Box 27, Folder 6

Duntley, S. Q. et al. The reduction of contrast by atmospheric boil 1957

Box 27, Folder 7

Target luminance - Notes 1957 March

Box 27, Folder 8

Harris, James L. Radiometric terminology applied to photosensitive detectors 1957 April 2

Box 27, Folder 9

Preisendorfer, R. W. Exact reflectance under a cardoidal luminance distribution 1957

Box 27, Folder 10

Silvernail, C. J. and Duntley, S. Q. A variable range simulator 1957

Box 27, Folder 11

Tyler, J. E. Experimental and computed path radiance in the submarine light field 1957

Box 27, Folder 12

Tyler, J. E. Monochromatic measurement of the volume scattering of natural waters 1957

General note

Contract NObs-72092.
Box 27, Folder 13

Duntley, S. Q. B-29 data from Test 691 at White Sands, NM 1957 May-August

Box 27, Folder 14

Duntley, S. Q. and Harris, J. L. Method for the measurement of atmospheric boil 1957

General note

Presented at the OSA meeting on October 19, 1957.
Box 27, Folder 15

Lindroth, Sidney. Recorder event marker 1957-1959

Box 27, Folder 16

Harris, James L. High-frequency-noise gain control circuit patent 1957-1959

Box 27, Folder 17

Howarth, C. I. The human eye as a detector of threshold signals 1958

Box 27, Folder 18

Harris, James L. Measurement of absorption 1958 August 27

Box 27, Folder 19

Preisendorfer, R. W. and Tyler, J. E. The measurement of light in natural waters 1958

Box 27, Folder 20

Preisendorfer, R. W. Some practical consequences of the asymptotic radiance hypothesis 1958

Box 27, Folder 21

Preisendorfer, R. W. On the radiant density field produced by search lights in scattering media I. Theoretical Analysis 1958

Box 27, Folder 22

Preisendorfer, R. W. A sea surface simulator 1958

General note

Contract NObs-72039.
Box 27, Folder 23

Harris, James L. Summator concepts and mechanizations 1958 November 3

Box 27, Folder 24

Harris, J. L. Recognizer 1958-1959

Box 27, Folder 25

Tyler, J. E. Comparison of light distribution above and below water 1958

Box 27, Folder 26

Tyler, J. E. and Rennilson, J. J. On the measurement of light in the sea 1958

General note

Contract NObs-72092. Presented at the London Symposium on Underwater Visibility on January 5-6, 1959.
Box 27, Folder 27

Tyler, J. E. Underwater search procedure 1958

General note

Contract NObs-72092.
Box 27, Folder 28

Tyler, J. E. Measurements of water clarity at San Clemente 1959

Box 27, Folder 29

Tyler, J. E. et al. The prediction of image contrast along submerged paths of sight 1959

General note

Research sponsored under contract NObs-72092.
Box 27, Folder 30

Boileau, A. R. Notes on operation and calibration of Spectra Brightness Spot Meter 1959

General note

Research sponsored under contract NObs-72092.
Box 27, Folder 31

Contrast reduction calculations; contrast reduction meter operation manual ca. 1959

Box 27, Folder 32

Ensminger, R. L. Multiplier phototube secondary emission characteristics 1959

General note

Contract NObs-72092.
Box 27, Folder 33

Gordon, J. I. Concealment design by engineering methods 1959

General note

Includes reference to haze paint/camouflage.
Box 27, Folder 34

Gordon, J. I. Paint source and short target duration visibility calculations 1959

Box 27, Folder 35

Harris, James L. CDC as haze detector analysis 1959 March

Box 27, Folder 36

Preisendorfer, R. W. On ground-based measurements of the optical properties of the atmosphere aloft 1959

Box 27, Folder 37

Preisendorfer, R. W. Radiance bounds 1959

Box 27, Folder 38

Gordon, J. I. Analysis of Blackwell, et. al Field and simulator studies for air to ground visibility distances 1959 April

Box 27, Folder 39

Harris, James L. Models of the visual system 1959 June-July

Box 27, Folder 40

Harris, James L. The effect of optical aberration upon the angular location of a point source 1959 November 20

Box 27, Folder 41

Harris, James L. Comparison of Image Orthicon (I-O) and multiplier phototube systems 1959 December 14

Box 27, Folder 42

Boileau, A. R. Illuminometer flat-plate collector ca. 1960

General note

Work done under BuShips contract N0bs-84-75.
Box 27, Folder 43

Duntley, S. Q. Derivation of the contrast reduction equation, and Examples of water clarity data II 1960 June

General note

Produced under contract NObs-72039.
Box 27, Folder 44

Boileau, A. R. Some special sky radiances with different relative humidity 1960

General note

Produced under BuShips contract Nobs-72092. Presented at a meeting of the Optical Society of America in Boston, MA.
Box 27, Folder 45

Gordon, J. I. Sea state simulator memorandum 1960

Box 27, Folder 46

Tyler, J. E. The ocean as an optical medium 1960

General note

Produced under BuShips contract Nobs-72092. Presented at the April 13 meeting of the Optical Society of Southern California.
Box 27, Folder 47

Harris, James L. Recognition mechanisms, need and status 1960

General note

Presented at the Optical Society of Southern California meeting in Los Angeles, CA.
Box 27, Folder 48

Harris, James L. Analytic visual search calculations 1960 September

General note

Produced under contract NObs-72039.
Box 27, Folder 49-50

Sandberg, Robert W. Underwater research notebooks 1960 October

Box 27, Folder 51

Nephelometer - Development of a data reduction program 1960-1961

Box 27, Folder 52

Boileau, A. R. Instrumented C-130 airplane for visibility 1960-1961

General note

Presented at the November 14-16 meeting of the American Meteorological Society in Tallahassee, Florida. Includes memoranda regarding C-130 instrumentation.
Box 27, Folder 53

Harris, James L. Sensor system design study - Draft report 1961 February

Box 27, Folder 54

Boileau, A. R. Determination of cathode sensitivity of multiplier phototubes by means of hardy spectrophotometer. Optical Society of America, Los Angeles, CA 1961 October

Box 27, Folder 55

Duntley, S. Q. Target detection and identification problems in attack with conventional weapons against land targets 1961 November

General note

Presented for the Navy Operations Evaluation Group conference.
Box 27, Folder 56

Harris, James L. Kollsman proposal; KIC-RD 110 1961 December 28

Box 27, Folder 57

Harris, James L. Fundamental atmospheric limitations on image recording 1961

General note

Produced under BuShips contract Nobs-84075. Presented at the Society of Photographic Instrumentation Engineers Symposium.
Box 27, Folder 58

Taylor, J. H. and Rennilson, J. J. A compressed scale system of portable visibility lights for nighttime use 1961

Box 27, Folder 59

Tyler, J. E. Design theory for a submersible scattering meter 1961

Box 27, Folder 60

Harris, James L. Review of Air Force document 61ASRN-3716 1962 March 23

Box 27, Folder 61

Harris, J. L. Informational engineering 1962

General note

Contract NObs-72092.
Box 27, Folder 62

Tyler, J. E. Estimation of percent polarization in deep ocean water 1962-1963

Box 27, Folder 63

Tyler, J. E. and Shaules, A. Daylight irradiance of a flat object underwater ca. 1962-1964

Box 27, Folder 64

Boileau, A. R. Contrast reduction 1963

Box 27, Folder 65

Church, P. V. and Shaules, A. L. Standard values for solar properties 1963

Box 27, Folder 66

Harris, James L. Image restoration 1963

Box 27, Folder 67

Austin, R. W. Techniques of measurement - Draft for publication in Applied Optics 1963-1964

Box 27, Folder 68

Jones, R. Clark (Polaroid Corp.). Terminology in photometry and radiometry, with correspondence and response by R. W. Preisendorfer 1963-1964

Box 27, Folder 69

Memos re: photometric and radiometric conversions and comparisons, by Boileau and Austin 1964 January

Box 27, Folder 70

Boileau, A. R. Dimensional analysis of radiometric and photometric equations 1964

Box 27, Folder 71

Gordon, J. I. and P. V. Church. Error analysis of Pahrump and Wright-Patterson data 1964

Box 27, Folder 72

Harris, J. L. Diffraction and resolving power 1964

Box 27, Folder 73

Harris, J. L. Resolving power and decision theory 1964

Box 27, Folder 74

Howarth, R. F. The incandescent lamp as a control system element 1964

Box 27, Folder 75

Preisendorfer, R. W. An outline of geometrical phluometry 1964

Box 27, Folder 76

Ruff, B. J. Calibration of optical instrumentation used in visibility laboratory atmospheric research 1964

Box 27, Folder 77

Smith, H. H. A source of error in the mire system 1964

Box 27, Folder 78

Tyler, J. E. and Austin, R. W. A scattering meter for deep water 1964

General note

Meter constructed for the Navy's deep submersible TRIESTE.
Box 27, Folder 79

Harris, James L. Noise equivalence in space and time 1964 January 6

Box 27, Folder 80

Tyler, J. E. In situ detection and estimation of chlorophyll and other pigments - preliminary results 1964

General note

Presented at the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS).
Box 27, Folder 81

Tyler, J. E. The color of the ocean 1964

Box 27, Folder 82

Taylor, J. H. Comments on Major Gordon Cooper's observations from orbit 1964

General note

Presented at the Spring meeting of the Armed Forces-NRC Committee on Vision in Washington, D.C. on April 23, 1964.
Box 27, Folder 83

Austin, R. Atmospheric attenuation in the visible and near-infrared spectrum. Prepared for Perkin-Elmer Corp. 1964 July

Box 27, Folder 84

Taylor, J. H. Visual tasks in space 1964

General note

Presented at the Human Factors Meeting in Washington, D.C. on October 21, 1964.
Box 27, Folder 85

McGlamery, B. L. Film granularity and the RADI scanner 1964 October 30

Box 28, Folder 1

Boileau, A. R. A proposed solution for a baffling problem 1965

Box 28, Folder 2

Boileau, A. R. Calculation of solid angles 1965

Box 28, Folder 3

Boileau, A. R. Geometry of path function meter 1965

Box 28, Folder 4

Duntley, S. Q., Jacqueline I. Gordon, and James Harris. Earth-to-Space transmittance measurements from ground stations 1965, 1968

General note

CV-68-003t. Includes Boeing status report on "Atmospheric interactions with coherent light" and a letter on related research programs by James Harris, re: Bill Allen at the Ames Research Center. With 1968 re-write.
Box 28, Folder 5

Taylor, J. H. Use and abuse of Riccò's law 1965 May 27

Box 28, Folder 6

Boileau, A. R. The case of an extended source irradiating an extended area 1965

Box 28, Folder 7

Harris, J. L. Image evaluation and restoration 1965

Box 28, Folder 8

Harris, J. L. and Duntley, S. Q. Mechanisms of spatial summation 1965

Box 28, Folder 9

Resnick, Ira L. The prediction of contrast transmittance by the atmosphere 1965 August 3

Box 28, Folder 10

Boileau, Almerian R. Scalar irradiance meter ca. 1965

Box 28, Folder 11

Tyler, John E. Design theory for a submersible scattering meter ca. 1965

Box 28, Folder 12

Tyler, John E. Experimental procedures for the measurement of the basic constructs ca. 1965

Box 28, Folder 13

Boileau, A. R. and Gordon, J. I. Atmospheric properties and reflectances of ocean water and other surfaces for a low sun 1965

Box 28, Folder 14

Church, P. V. and Gordon, J. I. Beam transmittance in an optical standard atmosphere 1965

Box 28, Folder 15

Gordon, J. I. Point source visual thresholds and signal light nomogram 1965-1970

Box 28, Folder 16

Gordon, J. I. and P. V. Church. Optical properties of the atmosphere and of ocean water for the orbital vertical path of sight 1965

General note

Contract NObs-84075 (fifth report of assignment 9).
Box 28, Folder 17

Gordon, J. I. and Church, P. V. Overcast sky luminances and directional luminous reflections of objects and backgrounds under overcast skies 1965

Box 28, Folder 18

Boileau, A. R. Test of e-meter with polarized light 1965 December 15

Box 28, Folder 19

Church, P. V. Tables of relative optical air mass 1965-1966

Box 28, Folder 20

Boileau, A. R. Let's go metric 1966

Box 28, Folder 21

Duntley, S. Q. Principles of underwater lighting 1966

General note

Includes drafts of prepared remarks on the topic for several difference conferences. Includes program for SPIE Seminar on Underwater Photo-optics.
Box 28, Folder 22

Ensminger, R. L. and R. F. Howarth. Photocathode protection circuit 1966

Box 28, Folder 23

Tyler, John E. A survey of experimental hydrologic optics. Symposium on Interdisciplinary Aspects of Radiative Transfer in Philadelphia, PA 1966 February 24-26

Box 28, Folder 24

Tyler, John E. and Raymond Smith. A submersible spectroradiometer 1966 April

Box 28, Folder 25

Gordon, J. I. Evaluation of the transmittance, path luminance and R predictive technique suggested by Ira Resnick 1966 August 19

Box 28, Folder 26

Optical properties of submarine paints 1966 October 10

Box 28, Folder 27

Preliminary assessment of the optical properties of WESTPAC waters 1966 October 10

Box 28, Folder 28

Boileau, A. R. Optical tests of C-130 scanner no. 1 1966 November 14

Box 28, Folder 29

Underwater lasers - Lecture notes, Oceanography seminar 1966 November 14

Box 28, Folder 30

Hinton, Robert M. Submerged visibility countermeasures, a status report 1966 November 23

General note

Qualification for command thesis.
Box 28, Folder 31

Harris, James L. Sensitometry for image processing; Precision in visibility calculations 1966 December 29

Box 28, Folder 32

Smith, Raymond C. and John E. Tyler. Optical properties of clear natural water; Colour of "pure" water 1966-1967

General note

NSF-supported research on Crater Lake.
Box 28, Folder 33

Gordon, Jacqueline. Error analysis of equations for obtaining path radiance; Determination of path radiance 1966-1967

Box 28, Folder 34

Mather, J. Research summaries and notes 1967

Box 28, Folder 35

McGlamery, B. L. Processing of Pegasus satellite pictures 1967

Box 28, Folder 36

Harris, James L. Computer processing of atmospherically regarded images 1967

Box 28, Folder 37

Tyler, John E. Spectroradiometry in the natural light field underwater 1967

General note

Includes a related paper draft with R. C. Smith as a co-author.
Box 28, Folder 38

Gordon, J. I. et al. Signal light nomogram 1967

General note

Supported by NASA grant NGR-05-009-059.
Box 28, Folder 39

Preisendorfer, R. W. Fast transforms 1967

Box 28, Folder 40

McGlamery, B. L. Image processing of satellite photographs 1967 February

Box 28, Folder 41

Duntley, S. Q. Light, oceans, and man - Inaugural lecture 1967 February 28

Box 28, Folder 42

Preisendorfer, R. W. A mathematical framework for image restoration 1967 April 1

Box 28, Folder 43

Boileau, Almerian R. Symbols and notation used in atmospheric optics 1967 April 20

Box 28, Folder 44

Harris, James L. Laser-white diffraction limited restorations 1967 April 21

Box 28, Folder 45

Gordon, Jacqueline. Calibration of the Beuttell and Brewer instrument 1967 May

Box 28, Folder 46

Shaules, Alma. Programs PEG3, PEG6B, PEG6C 1967 July

Box 28, Folder 47

Johnson, Richard W. Minimum design requirements integrating nephelometer, airborne 1967 August 4

Box 28, Folder 48

Howarth, R. F. Evaluation of image dissector Westinghouse WL-23111 - Final conclusions 1967 October 10

Box 28, Folder 49

Gordon, Jacqueline I. and P. V. Church. Limb darkening of the sun; Inherent radiance of the center of the sun 1967-1968

General note

Technical memorandum GP-67-001t and related drafts and memoranda. Supported by NASA grant NGR-05-009-059.
Box 28, Folder 50

Research of visibility problems, memoranda by J. I. Gordon 1967-1969

General note

Gordon's memos detail her work on various Navy/BuShips visibility projects, including CVC (Computerized Visibility Calculator) projects, and Shedlight.
Box 28, Folder 51

Gordon, Jacqueline I. A model of a clear atmosphere 1967 October 26

General note

Technical memorandum GP-67-002t. Supported by NASA grant NGR-05-009-059.
Box 28, Folder 52

Gordon, J. I. Informal proposal for further work on air-water interface; Directional sea radiance (luminance) 1967 December 6

General note

Technical memorandum No. GP-67-003t.
Box 28, Folder 53

Edwards, Tate and Bailey. Technical memoranda EN-67-001t-002t, EN-68-001t-007t, EN-70-030t 1967-1968, 1970

General note

Includes information on C-130 project, underwater volume scatter meter, proposal to NASA for making direct spectral sensitivity measurements of photosensitive detectors, and submarine visibility system.
Box 28, Folder 54

M.P.L (broom stick) project 1968

General note

Includes photographs.
Box 28, Folder 55

Gordon, J. I. et al. Compendium of ground-based data on irradiance (illuminance), earth-to-space beam transmittance, and vertical path radiance (luminance). Part I. Portable instrumentation 1968

Box 28, Folder 56

Gordon, J. I. et al. Model atmospheres memoranda 1968

General note

Technical memos No. CV-68-001t-005t. Includes "Method of measuring earth-to-space contrast transmittance from ground stations" co-authored by Duntley and Harris.
Box 28, Folder 57

Boileau, Almerian R. Memos on equilibrium radiance and attenuation length 1968 January-February

General note

Technical memoranda AT68-001t, -002t, -003t.
Box 28, Folder 58

Linge, Ed. "AOC mark" notebook 1968 July

General note

Research and outline of approach for extending the resolution capability of conventional microscopes.
Box 28, Folder 59

Gordon, J. I. and R. A. Erickson. Field evaluation of a visual detection model 1969 July 21

Box 28, Folder 60

McGlamery, B. L. Effects of noise in the restoration of turbulence degraded images 1968 November 22

Box 28, Folder 61

Harris, James L. A cursory view of the image/An electromagnetic view of the image ca. 1968

Box 28, Folder 62

Harris, James L. Two dimensional Fourier transforms, and notes on image processing with Fourier analysis 1968

Box 28, Folder 63

Howarth, R. F. Spectral filtering of detector and field illuminator 1969

General note

Technical memoranda LO-69-001t-003t.
Box 28, Folder 64

Technical memoranda, EN69-001t through -003t 1969

General note

Topics include submarine visibility, fast pulse detector system, comparison of white reflectance standards, and lamp boxes.
Box 28, Folder 65

Stokseth, Per A. Properties of a defocused optical system ca. 1969

Box 28, Folder 66

McGlamery, B. L. Comparison of O.T.F.'s for central obscuration 1969 March 24

Box 28, Folder 67

Harris, James L. Reflectance of the moon 1969 March 31

Box 28, Folder 68

Austin, R. W. Interim report on reflectance of submarine topside paints 1969 April 1

General note

Technical memorandum ML-69-001t.
Box 28, Folder 69

Harris, James L. Limitations of simple coherent optical systems 1969 May

General note

Part of the final report for Navy contract Nobs-90337.
Box 29, Folder 1

Duntley, S. Q. Prediction of visual recognition range. NATO Seminar 1969 June

General note

Presented at seminar on Detection, Recognition, and Identification of Line-of-Sight Targets, the Hague, Netherlands.
Box 29, Folder 2

Preliminary adjacent studies 1969 June 2

Box 29, Folder 3

Nephelometer memoranda 1969 June-July

Box 29, Folder 4

MacAdam, D. P. Digital image restoration by constrained deconvolution 1969 August

Box 29, Folder 5

Taylor, John H. and H. Richard Blackwell. Survey of laboratory studies of visual detection. NATO Seminar 1969 August

General note

Presented at seminar on Detection, Recognition, and Identification of Line-of-Sight Targets, the Hague, Netherlands.
Box 29, Folder 6

Richardson, William. A Bayesian-based iterative method of image restoration 1969 August 15

Box 29, Folder 7

Harris, James L. Computer filtering of noisy imagery 1970

Box 29, Folder 8

Tyler, John E. Aspects of the program in optical oceanography at the Visibility Laboratory 1970

General note

Presented at a Specialists Meeting sponsored by the Electromagnetic Wave propagation Panel of the Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development (AGARD), NATO.
Box 29, Folder 9

Duntley, S. Q. Interaction of optical energy with the atmosphere 1970

Box 29, Folder 10

Austin, R. W. Assessing underwater visibility - Materials for publication in Optical Spectra 1970 February-May

Box 29, Folder 11

Ensminger, R. L. and R. F. Howarth. An inner raster CRT photo generator 1970 May

Box 29, Folder 12

Petzold, T. J. Method for measurement of atmospheric beam transmission to determine the beam transmission coefficient 1970 October 15

General note

Memorandum EN-70-003t.
Box 29, Folder 13

Gordon, J. I. On Duntley's The reduction of apparent contrast by the atmosphere 1970 November

General note

Technical memorandum AV-70-055t.
Box 29, Folder 14

Duntley, S. Q. and Robert E. Stevenson. Ocean color as a measure of marine resources 1971

Box 29, Folder 15

Harris, James L. Advanced automated visibility simulation. Human factors in aircraft accident investigation: Proceedings of second annual seminar, the Society of Air Safety Investigators 1971

Box 29, Folder 16

Smith, Raymond. Scientific cruise report, Fresnel II aboard R/V Ellen B. Scripps, Gulf of California 1971

Box 29, Folder 17

Duntley, S. Q. Observations and measurement of point spread functions of ocean water 1971

General note

Drafts assembled for a meeting of the ARPA Working Session on Underwater Optical Scattering and Imaging.
Box 29, Folder 18

Harris, James L. Summary of Langley visit: Visual search experiments and DMS and TS simulators 1971 July 15

Box 29, Folder 19

Austin, R. W. Precision in the measurement of volume attenuation coefficient 1971 October 13

General note

Technical memorandum ML-71-004t.
Box 29, Folder 20

Monte Carlo output - Notes by McGlamery 1971, 1977

Box 29, Folder 21

Harris, James L. P.S.F. data reduction memo 1972 January 12

Box 29, Folder 22

Duntley, S. Q. Resolution limitations by natural waters; and Underwater visibility and photography 1972 June

General note

Submitted for symposium on Optical Aspects of Oceanography (Scientific Commission on Physical Oceanography of IAPSO), Copenhagen, Denmark.
Box 29, Folder 23

Comments on the MTF Meter 1972

Box 29, Folder 24

Comments on W. Wells' "Loss of resolution in water as a result of multiple small angle scattering" 1972

Box 29, Folder 25

Austin, R. W. Problems in measuring turbidity as a water quality parameter - Presented at EPA Seminar on Medidology for Monitoring the Marine Environment 1973

Box 29, Folder 26

Austin, R. W. Turbidity: Some definitions, methods of measurement and problems 1973 March 9

Box 29, Folder 27

Austin, R. W. and Petzold, T. J. Temperature dependence of an underwater light source 1973 March 13

Box 29, Folder 28

Austin, R. W. and Petzold, T. J. Test and calibration procedures for underwater transmissometers 1973 June 20

General note

Prepared for NOAA, NOIC.
Box 29, Folder 29

Unconventional underwater imagery (CRT scanner) 1973

General note

Includes research proposal UCSD-6308 and technical memorandum UV-73-055t on CRT scanning system.
Box 29, Folder 30

Austin, R. W. and Petzold. Temperature dependence of an underwater light source/Underwater measurements of two light sources 1973

Box 29, Folder 31

Selection from the report of R. W. Austin from the data report of the SCOR Discover Expedition (ed. John E. Tyler) ca. 1974

Box 29, Folder 32

Austin, R. W. A quantum meter for oceanographic studies: Description and instruction 1974 February

General note

Prepared for the Department of Oceanography at the University of Washington, Seattle. Includes photographs.
Box 29, Folder 33

Austin, R. W. Instrumentation used in turbidity measurement. From NOIC proceedings, Turbidity Workshop, Washington, D.C. 1974 May

Box 29, Folder 34

Harris, James L. Brief study of new techniques for photographic photometry 1974 June

General note

Technical memorandum AD-74-007t.
Box 29, Folder 35

Austin, R. W. and T. J. Petzold. Considerations in the design and evaluation of oceanographic transmissometers ca. 1975

Box 29, Folder 36

Harris, James L. Thoughts about glow field - Memo and notes 1975

General note

Technical memoranda AD-75-008t, -010t.
Box 29, Folder 37

Morel, A. AGARD report, Part III (English translation) 1975 July 10

Box 29, Folder 38

Austin, R. W. Narrow band spectral response for Bialkali photometers 1975 September

General note

Technical memorandum ML-75-088t.
Box 29, Folder 39

Austin, R. W. Optical properties of water - Amazon River ca. 1975

Box 29, Folder 40

Austin, R. The remote sensing of ocean color - Presentation ca. 1975

Box 29, Folder 41

Calibration of BGR-B10-UW light meters for Kaiser Engineers 1976

General note

Technical memorandum ML-76-009t.
Box 29, Folder 42

Petzold, T. J. and J. L. Harris. Simple geometric models of scattering 1976 January-February

General note

Technical memoranda AD-002/003-76 and AD-005-76.
Box 29, Folder 43

Board, Steve. Volume scattering function at small angles 1976 March 4

General note

Technical memorandum EN-002-76.
Box 29, Folder 44

Harris, J. L. Introductory comments on image processing in the human visual system. Psychology Department lecture 1976 March

Box 29, Folder 45

Duntley, S. Q. Ocean color due to subsurface conditions 1976 March 5

Box 29, Folder 46

Air calibration of hydro transmissometers 1976 April 21

General note

Technical memoranda ML-76-006t.
Box 29, Folder 47

Board, Steve and J. L. Harris. Deconvolution 1976 April 29

General note

Technical memorandum EN-76-003t.
Box 29, Folder 48

Petzold, T. J. Effect of retro-reflections on the air calibration of hydro transmissometers 1976 June 16

General note

Technical memorandum EN-004-76.
Box 29, Folder 49

Austin, R. W. Air-water radiance calibration factor 1976

General note

Technical memorandum ML-76-044t.
Box 29, Folder 50

Austin, R. W. , D. A. Kiefer, and W. H. Wilson. Ocean color and phytoplankton ca. 1976

Box 29, Folder 51

Wilson, Wayne H. Color coordinate calculations and plotting 1976

General note

Memorandum UV-76-003t.
Box 29, Folder 52

Austin, R. W. Instrumentation for the measurement of the optical properties of the ocean 1976

General note

Includes abstract and introduction of the paper, as well as correspondence regarding its publication.
Box 29, Folder 53

Harris, James L. Angular distribution and transient response 1977 August 4

Box 29, Folder 54

Austin, R. W. Review of Navy report by Quick Carlson on ocean visibility measurements 1978 February 27

Box 29, Folder 55

A microprocessor controlled instrument for measuring the transmittance and reflectance of ocean waters - Manuscript draft and photographs 1978

Box 29, Folder 56

Handbook of underwater optical measurements ca. 1980

Box 29, Folder 57

Austin, R. W. Remote sensing of the diffuse attenuation coefficient of ocean water 1981 April

General note

Presented at 29th Symposium of the AGARD, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Panel on Special Topics in Optical Propagation.
Box 29, Folder 58

Austin, R. W. and Benjamin McGlamery. Spatial characteristics of the diffuse attenuation coefficient of ocean surface water as derived from CZCS data 1981 August

General note

Presented at the Symposium on Radiation Transfer in the Oceans and Remote Sensing of Ocean Properties at IAMAP Third Scientific Assembly, Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany.
Box 29, Folder 59

Austin, R. W. Optical remote sensing of the ocean - Presentation for Optical Society of San Diego 1981 October

Box 29, Folder 60

Petzold, T. J. Calibration report NORDA-RSI spectroradiometer 1982 August

General note

Technical memorandum EN-04-82t.
Box 29, Folder 61

Austin, R. W. and Petzold, T. Air-water radiance calibration factor - Gershun tube 1982 September 23

General note

Technical memorandum DL-82-005t.

Optical properties of ocean water - Research on K-values, irradiance, MER, etc. (see also PROJECTS, PROPOSALS AND CONTRACTS series, Navy subseries files from this time period) 1983-1990

Box 29, Folder 62

Petzold, T. J., Spectral water model for K 1983

Box 29, Folder 63

Austin, R. W., et al. A technique for remote sensing atmospheric optical thickness when submerged ca. 1983

Box 29, Folder 64

Austin, R. W. and Benjamin L. McGlamery. Passive remote sensing of ocean optical propagation parameters 1983 May

General note

Presentation for 32nd Symposium of the AGARD Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Panel on Propagation Factors Affecting Remote Sensing by Radio Waves, Oberammergau, West Germany.
Box 29, Folder 65

Ray trace programs 1984-1989

General note

Includes technical memorandum EN-011-84t, and data related to the lens programs.
Box 29, Folder 66

Hendershott, Myrl and R. W. Austin. Variability of ocean color in the California bight (proposal) 1984

Box 29, Folder 67

Austin, R. W. and T. J. Petzold. Spectral dependence of the diffuse attenuation coefficient of light in ocean waters 1984

Box 30, Folder 1

Measured optical properties of ocean water: R/V Cape Hatteras, Boothbay Harbor, Maine to Bermuda and return 1985 February 1

General note

Technical memorandum EN-001-85t.
Box 30, Folder 2

Measured optical properties of ocean water: R/V De Steiguer, North Pacific and Bering Sea 1985 July 10

General note

Technical memorandum EN-009-85t.
Box 30, Folder 3

Voss, K. J. Calibration of gonio reflectometer reflectance measurements 1985 August 20

General note

Technical memorandum EN-11-85t.
Box 30, Folder 4

SLC De Steiguer cruise, STNs 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 16, and 18 ca. 1985

Box 30, Folder 5

Experimental results of a method to determine the spectral diffuse attenuation properties of seawater and the optical character of the atmosphere by measurement of the downwelling irradiance at two wavelengths - Report draft ca. 1985

Box 30, Folder 6

Experimental evaluation of a method to determine the spectral diffuse attenuation properties of seawater and the attenuation of diffuse lights for a vertical path from outside the atmosphere to a depth below the surface 1985

Box 31, Folder 1-2

Multichannel Environmental Radiometer (MER) technical memoranda 1985-1988

General note

Primarily by T. J. Petzold: EN-010-85t, EN-011-86t, EN-017-86t, EN-001-88t (Characterization of MER 1032). Includes references to data collected on the R/Vs Captain Hook and De Steiguer.
Box 31, Folder 3

Axford, R. A. Project Y ocean optics data quick look 1986 May

General note

Memorandum SER 844/43-86.
Box 31, Folder 4

Austin, R. W. Vis Lab water classification scale 1986 May 27

General note

Technical memorandum EN-005-86t. Describes scale devised to facilitate presentation and application of diffuse coefficient (K) data base.
Box 31, Folder 5

Measured optical properties of ocean water: USNS Lynch, Norwegian Sea, Barents Sea and Greenland Sea 1986 September 25

General note

Technical memorandum EN-015-86t.
Box 31, Folder 6

Blue leak in the MER radiance channel 1986

General note

Includes technical memorandum EN-019-86T and EN-021-86t.
Box 31, Folder 7

Petzold, T. J. et al. Seawater reflectance measurement memoranda 1986-1987

General note

Includes technical memos EN-017-86t, DL-006-86t, TPJ/RWA 86-05t.
Box 31, Folder 8

R/V Polarstern K-Value comparison, open water vs. hole in ice - Data 1987

Box 31, Folder 9

Petzold, T. J. CZCS algorithm tests with MER data 1988-1989

General note

References SLC cruise data.
Box 31, Folder 10

Spectral K model test with MER data 1989

General note

Includes technical memoranda from Petzold to Austin, "Examination of the model for spectral dependence of the diffuse attenuation coefficient of light in ocean water using MER data" (89-05t and 89-06t). References SLC cruise data.
Box 31, Folder 11

K-Model revisit - T. J. Petzold memoranda 1988-1990

General note

Includes technical memorandum TJP/RWA 89-04t. References memoranda TJP/RWA 89-01t, -02t, and -03t. Analysis of Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) algorithm using MER data.
Box 31, Folder 12

Petzold, T. J., et al. A method for obtaining analytical curve fits to underwater radiometric measurements 1988, 1990

General note

Technical memoranda (TJP/RWA 88-06t, OcOp/TJP/rwa-90-01t).
Box 31, Folder 13

Austin, R. W. Simulating sea-water optical properties in tanks 1989 February 2

General note

Technical memorandum OcOp-89t-rwa-001.
Box 31, Folder 14

Austin, R. W. and Theodore J. Petzold. Spectral dependence of the diffuse attenuation coefficient of light in ocean waters: A re-examination using new data - Drafts 1990

Box 31, Folder 15

K Model revisit - SPIE presentation abstract 1990

Box 31, Folder 16

Voss, Kenneth. Analytic approximations to the scattering phase functions 1985

General note

Technical memorandum EN-004-85t.
Box 31, Folder 17

Austin, R. W. Solar position information 1985

General note

Technical memorandum DL-003-85t.
Box 31, Folder 18

Austin, R. and K. Voss. Solar readings 1986

General note

Technical memoranda. Includes: HHCRM calibration of direct solar reading (EN-002-86t); ALSCAT "c" vs. VLST "c" vs. True "c": Part 1 (EN-006-86t); Ephemera program for HP 200/300 computers (EN-009-86t).
Box 31, Folder 19

Petzold, T. J. Effect of Fresnel reflectance on transmittance of light through manhole 1986

Box 31, Folder 20

Austin, R. W., et al. An underwater laser scanning system. Paper for SPIE International Symposium on Optical and Optoelectronic Applied Science and Engineering 1991

General note

Paper and correspondence summarizing 1970s research Vis Lab completed for ONR on Time Varying Intensity (TVI) underwater laser scanners. See also PROJECTS, PROPOSALS AND CONTRACTS series, Office of Naval Research (ONR) subseries, CAT Project files.
Box 31, Folder 21

Austin, R. W. et al. An underwater laser scanning system 1991

Box 31, Folder 22

Petzold, T. J. Scattering function model 1991

Box 31, Folder 23

Petzold, T. J. Hand Held Contrast Reduction Meter (HHCRM) calibration 1993

Box 31, Folder 24

Harris, James L. Edge detection 2012-2013

Box 31, Folder 25

Austin, R.W. Factors affecting remotely sensed spectral radiance from the ocean - Abstract undated

Box 31, Folder 26

Austin, R.W. Remote sensing - Visible region undated

Box 31, Folder 27

Austin, Roswell. Reflections on energy consumption and resource scarcity undated

Box 31, Folder 28

Duntley, S. Q. et al. A new method of determining atmospheric attenuation length undated

Box 31, Folder 29

Duntley, S. Q. The optical properties of pigmented materials undated

Box 31, Folder 30

Taylor, John H. Notes on aberrations of the eye undated

Box 31, Folder 31

Transfer function for a diffraction limited optical system undated



Scope and Content of Series

Series 8) SUBJECT FILES: A small series of miscellaneous files on a variety of subjects.
Box 31, Folder 32

Clark, Dennis - Spectroradiometer 1989

General note

Includes diagrams, notes and correspondence.
Box 31, Folder 33

CZCS data of Lake Michigan 1983-1986

General note

Prepared for C. Mortimer of University of Wisconsin.
Box 31, Folder 34

DEEP LOOK Project/AUTEC - Correspondence 1971

Box 31, Folder 35-36

DUMAND 1976-1982

Box 31, Folder 37

Edmund Scientific Co. catalogs and booklets 1946-1966

Box 31, Folder 38

Gamma Scientific, Inc. ca. 1965

Box 31, Folder 39

Gonia photometric devices 1945

Box 31, Folder 40

Image Processing short course (WINTEK) 1976

General note

Includes papers by J. L. Harris on image processing.
Box 31, Folder 41

Multichannel Aircraft Radiometric System (MARS) spectral radiometer 1987

Box 31, Folder 42

Munsell color scale 1985

Box 31, Folder 43

Program for Advanced Study on Optical Signal Processing, Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory 1971-1972

General note

Includes Harris's Program lecture notes.
Box 31, Folder 44

NASA - E.G. & G. pre-proposal for Research in Atmospheric Effects on Remote Sensing - Review by S. Q. Duntley 1969

Box 31, Folder 45

NASA - Scanning Imaging Spectroradiometer (SIS) 1973-1974

Box 31, Folder 46

NASA - SEASAT-A Ocean Dynamics Satellite 1973

General note

Includes memo and proposal from Walter Munk et. al.
Box 32, Folder 1

Optical antifoulants 1986-1990

Box 32, Folder 2

Sealab II ca. 1966

Box 32, Folder 3

Shimmer abstracts 1960-1963

Box 32, Folder 4

SIO Satellite Oceanography Panel 1976-1977

Box 32, Folder 5

Supersonics in industrial applications - Notes 1947

Box 32, Folder 6

Terphenyl-benzene system research for Edgerton, Germeshausen, and Grier 1950

General note

UC Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.
Box 32, Folder 7

University of California Extension - Image processing course 1967

Box 32, Folder 8-9

University of California Extension - Image manipulation and restoration courses 1968-1970

General note

Includes lecture content by Vis Lab personnel, including Harris, Preisendorfer, McGlamery.
Box 32, Folder 10

University of California, Santa Cruz - Seabird and mammal surveys utilizing CZCS data 1981-1984

Box 32, Folder 11

University of Michigan - Portable Searchlight Program 1954

Box 32, Folder 12

Vietnam - Meeting with Marine Corps, Camp Pendleton 1967 August 3

Box 32, Folder 13

Vityaz - Russian hydro-optics research program 1958-1961

General note

Notes and materials collected by John E. Tyler on the Russian ship Vityaz during her stop in San Francisco, and from other briefings. Includes brochure with color cover featuring the ship from 1961 Soviet Industrial exhibition.


Scope and Content of Series

Series 9) PHOTOGRAPHS: The Visibility Laboratory maintained a negative archive of images documenting their projects and instruments. This series includes a small number of prints produced from the negatives, and nearly 1,000 negatives. Each negative was given a number, which was recorded in a variety of indices and logs (by number, by subject, by researcher, etc.). The indices have been digitized to facilitate searching by negative number.
Arranged in two subseries: A) Prints, and B) Negative Archive.


Box 32, Folder 14

Equipment and instruments undated

General note

Includes Diamond Island.
Box 32, Folder 15

People with equipment and instruments undated

General note

Includes Diamond Island.
Box 32, Folder 16

Visibility range meter ca. 1950

Box 32, Folder 17

Meteorological range meter ca. 1950-1953

Box 32, Folder 18

Photographs from Duntley's OSA presentation on "Refractive limitations on the resolving power in underwater photography" 1953

Box 32, Folder 19

Paolina-T off Coronado Islands - Small album 1953 April 23

Box 32, Folder 20

Air Force bomber plane with instrumentation 1955

Box 32, Folder 21

E.W. Scripps (ship) ca. 1955

Box 32, Folder 22

Tyler's water clarity meter ca. 1959

Box 32, Folder 23

Exhibit layout on underwater visibility 1967

Box 32, Folder 24-29

Copy prints of negatives from archive, with neg number on verso 1955-1959, 1968


Negative Archive



Box 32, Folder 30

Index - Negatives not in the general negative file 1955-1964

Index - Negatives not in the general negative file

Box 32, Folder 31

Index - Confidential file 1955-1964

Index - Confidential file

Box 32, Folder 32

Index - Negatives associated with personnel 1955-1964

Index - Negatives associated with personnel

Box 32, Folder 33

Index - Negatives by subject 1955-1964

Index - Negatives by subject

Box 32, Folder 34

Index - Negative log 1955-1959

Index - Negative log

Box 32, Folder 35

Index - Negative log 1960-1964

Index - Negative log

Box 32, Folder 36

Index - Negative log 1965-1969

Index - Negative log

Box 32, Folder 37

Index - Negative log 1970-1977

Index - Negative log

Box 32, Folder 38

Index - Visibility Laboratory negative file 1955-1966

Index - Visibility Laboratory negative file

Box 32, Folder 39

Index - Visibility Laboratory slide and reprint file 1955-1964

Index - Visibility Laboratory slide and reprint file


35mm negatives

Box 32, Folder 40

61-0047 to 62-0043 (incomplete)

Box 32, Folder 41


Box 32, Folder 42

64-0004 to 64-0099 (incomplete)

Box 32, Folder 43


Box 32, Folder 44


General note

Includes 70mm negatives of [UN] Rad camera in construction.
Box 32, Folder 45

65-0117 to 65-0120

Box 32, Folder 46

66-0015 to 66-0065 (incomplete)

Box 32, Folder 47

66-0052 (0-12)

Box 32, Folder 48

66-0052 (13-45) (incomplete)

Box 32, Folder 49

66-0052 (46-57)

Box 32, Folder 50

66-0054 to 66-0060 (incomplete)

Box 32, Folder 51

66-0061 to 66-0064-2

Box 32, Folder 52

66-0168 to 66-0173

Box 32, Folder 53

67-0040 and 67-0064

Box 32, Folder 54

69-0075 and 71-0002

Box 32, Folder 55

Rolls A-C

Box 32, Folder 56

75-0022 to 75-0024, 77-0007


4x5 negatives

Box 33, Folder 1

Negative # 55-0005 to 55-0323 undated, 1955

Box 33, Folder 2

Negative # 55-0324 to 56-0027 1955-1956

Box 33, Folder 3

Negative # 56-0031 to 59-0047 1956-1959

Box 33, Folder 4

Negative # 60-0001 to 62-0221 1960-1962

Box 34, Folder 1

Negative # 62-0023 to 64-0074 1962-1964

Box 34, Folder 2

Negative # 64-0075 to 66-0089 1964-1966

Box 34, Folder 3

Negative # 66-0090 to 68-0165 1966-1968

Box 34, Folder 4

Negative # 68-0166 to 77-0027 1968-1977