Pizarro-de la Gasca Collection mssPL

Gayle Richardson
The Huntington Library
July 2020
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108

Contributing Institution: The Huntington Library
Title: Pizarro-de la Gasca collection
Identifier/Call Number: mssPL
Physical Description: 5 Linear Feet (10 boxes, 2 volumes)
Date (inclusive): 1537-1580
Abstract: A collection of material related to Gonzalo Pizarro and Pedro de la Gasca concerning the early history of Peru.
Language of Material: Materials are in Spanish.

Conditions Governing Access

RESTRICTED. Use facsimile copies, microfilm copy, or the 19th century transcription of the papers. Originals available by special permission only.

Conditions Governing Use

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Pizarro-de la Gasca collection, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from Maggs Bros., 1926.

Biographical / Historical

Francisco Pizarro (approximately 1475-1541) and Diego de Almagro (-1538) together conquered Peru for the Spanish crown from 1531 to 1533; the two men were divided by frictions and jealousies which finally led to the execution of Almagro by Pizarro in 1538 and the murder of Pizarro by Almagro's followers in 1541. After his brother's death, Gonzalo Pizarro (-1548) seized control of the government from the new viceroy of Peru, and a period of disorder ensued until Charles V sent his own emissary, Pedro de la Gasca (1493-1567) to Peru to settle the disputes and quiet the rebellion. La Gasca executed Gonzalo Pizarro, repealed the opposed "New Laws of the Indies," and, by offering liberal pardons, won support for the Crown and established civil government in Peru.

Scope and Contents

A collection of 946 items from 1537 to 1580, it consists of letters, manuscripts and documents, all in Spanish, documenting the early history of Peru, including Francisco Pizarro's civil war with Diego de Almagro and the pacification of the country by Pedro de la Gasca. It also includes material pertaining to the Catholic Church in Peru; missionaries; the conquest of Chile; the Native people of Peru; and enslavement of Indigenous peoples. There is material regarding the cities of Arequipa, Cuzco, Lima, and Quito. There are letters and decrees of Charles V and Philip II, letters of Gonzalo Pizarro and Francisco Pizarro, reports of Pedro de la Gasca, and Pedro de Valdivia's account of the conquest of Chile. Persons represented in the collection include: Juan de Acosta, Pascual de Andagoya, Francisco de Carvajal, Charles V, Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, Philip II, Hernando Pizarro, Pedro de Puelles, Pedro de Soria, Cristóbal Vaca de Castro, and Pedro de Valdivia. Also included are two 19th century volumes of transcriptions of the collection (the transcriptions are not in chronological order), as well as microfilm copies of the volumes.

Processing Information

Processed by Huntington Library Staff, circa 1930. In 2020, Gayle Richardson created the finding aid derived from a legacy summary report.


Arranged chronologically.


Former call number: mssPL 1-946.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Indians of South America -- Peru -- History -- 16th century
Missionaries -- Peru
Slavery -- Peru
Arequipa (Peru)
Cuzco (Peru)
Lima (Peru)
Peru -- History -- Conquest, 1522-1548
Peru -- History -- 1548-1820
Quito (Ecuador)
Letters (correspondence) -- 16th century
Manuscripts -- 16th century
Acosta, Juan de, active 16th century
Almagro, Diego de, -1538
Andagoya, Pascual de, -1548
Carvajal, Francisco de, 1465?-1549
Charles, Holy Roman Emperor, V, 1500-1558
Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, Gonzalo, 1478-1557
Gasca, Pedro de la, 1493-1567
Philip, King of Spain, II, 1527-1598
Pizarro, Francisco, approximately 1475-1541
Pizarro, Gonzalo, -1548
Pizarro, Hernando, -1578
Puelles, Pedro de
Soria, Pedro de, active 16th century
Vaca de Castro, Cristóbal, -1588
Valdivia, Pedro de, 1500?-1554?
Catholic Church -- Peru -- History -- 16th century

Box 1, Folder 1-93


Box 2, Folder 1-81

1546 January-August

Box 3, Folder 1-102

1546 September-November

Box 4, Folder 1-91

1546 December

Box 5, Folder 1-124

1547 January-February

Box 6, Folder 1-118

1547 March-April 17

Box 7, Folder 1-105

1547 April 18-May 5

Box 8, Folder 1-107

1547 May 6-November 30

Box 9, Folder 1-75

1547 December-1548 January-December

Box 10, Folder 1-81


Volume 1

Coleccion Pizarro-La Gasca

Volume 2

Coleccion Pizarro-La Gasca