Marvin Sanford Papers: Finding Aid

Finding aid prepared by Brooke M. Black, August 28, 2003.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
© 2003
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Marvin Sanford Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1896-1970
Collection Number: mssSanford papers
Creator: Sanford, Marvin.
Extent: 213 items in 2 boxes
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: This collection contains correspondence, manuscripts, and ephemera related to American labor supporter and socialist Marvin Sanford (1897-1974) and his work in socialism, labor unions, and communism. The following topics and people are referenced in the collection: Edward Bellamy, cooperative societies including the Llano Colony, Eugene V. Debs, DeForest Sanford, Ricardo Flores Magón, the Industrial Workers of the World, Jack London, and Thomas Mooney.
Language: English.

Access

Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Marvin Sanford Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

Purchased from George M. Sarris, July 30, 1975.

Biographical Note

Marvin Sanford (1897-1974), labor supporter and socialist, was the son of DeForest Sanford, another notable socialist. In the 1890s, the Sanford family moved to Washington State where DeForest Sanford established the “Peoples Advocate,” a newspaper for the Social Democratic party; he also edited the official paper of the Knights of the Labor Advocate. The Sanfords later moved to Santa Cruz, California. The Sanford family also spent many years living at the Llano del Rio Colony in Antelope Valley, California. Marvin Sanford, like his father, also published socialist newspapers including “Free Society,” “The Searchlight,” and “The Voice of the Militant Labor.” Marvin Sanford wrote many articles for the International Socialist Review and was a teacher at the Commonwealth College in Mena, Arkansas.

Scope and Content

The majority of the collection is related to Marvin Sanford and his work in socialism, labor unions, and communism. The collection is comprised of 72 manuscripts, most of which are typescripts of articles by various socialist writers including Daniel De Leon, Samuel A. DeWitt, Edward Keating, Gustavus Myers, Emil Seidel, and Norman Thomas. Also included are articles and research notes written by Marvin Sanford. There are 88 pieces of correspondence, most of which are written to Marvin Sanford and chiefly deal with socialism and politics in California. Authors of correspondence include Charles Pierce LeWarne and the World Socialist Party of the United States. The correspondence also includes 44 letters from DeForest Sanford to his son Marvin; these letters, which are written from the Union Printers Home in Colorado Springs, Colorado, where DeForest spent the last years of his life, include some of DeForest’s memories of his involvement with the socialist movement, labor unions, and the Llano Colony. The ephemera is comprised of newspaper clippings, and copies of Sanford’s publications “Free Society,” “The Searchlight,” and “The Voice of Militant Labor.” The entire collection covers socialism, communism, and union and labor issues, but more specifically the following topics and people are discussed: Edward Bellamy, cooperative societies including the Llano Colony, Eugene V. Debs, Ricardo Flores Magón, the Industrial Workers of the World, Jack London, and Thomas Mooney.

Arrangement

Arranged in the following order:
  • Box 1: Manuscripts
  • Box 2: Correspondence and Ephemera

Indexing: Added Entries

Secretary of the Young Socialist League (U.S.)
  • Addressee of Carl B. Beals letter (1915, Feb. 26). Box 2 (3).

Indexing: Subjects

Bellamy, Edward, 1850-1898
  • Subject in Newton Van Dalsem speech, “The Bellamy Movement in Southern California” (1950, Mar. 27). Box 1 (31).
  • Subject in Newton Van Dalsem letter [1950] to Marvin Sanford. Box 2 (27).
Cooperative societies
  • Subject in Nevada Colony Corporation “By-Laws of the Nevada Colony Corporation” (1915-1916). Box 1 (7).
  • Subject in Marvin Sanford Manuscript regarding Co-operative Colonies [c.1913]. Box 1 (19).
  • Subject in Charles Pierce LeWarne, 1930-, letters (1968-1970) to Marvin Sanford. Box 2 (10).
  • Subject in Walter E. Reynolds letter (1933, Oct. 16) to Marvin Sanford. Box 2 (12).
Debs, Eugene V.
  • Subject in Carl B. Beals letter (1915, Feb. 26) to Secretary of the Young Socialist League (U.S.). Box 2 (3).
  • Subject in Luella Twining letter [c.1939] to “Editor, People’s World.” Box 2 (26).
Flores Magón, Ricardo, 1873-1922
  • Subject in article “Socialists and the Mexican Liberals” (1911, June 24). Box 1 (39).
Industrial Workers of the World
  • Subject in Ephemera: Newspaper Clippings (1936-1965). Box 2 (38).
Llano Colony (secular community)
  • Subject in Marvin Sanford Manuscript regarding Co-operative Colonies [c.1913]. Box 1 (19).
  • Subject in Walter E. Reynolds letter (1933, Oct. 16) to Marvin Sanford. Box 2 (12).
  • Subject in DeForest Sanford letters (1952-1956) to Marvin Sanford. Box 2 (16).
  • Subject in Bernie Stevens letter (1969, June 27) to Marvin Sanford. Box 2 (24).
London, Jack
  • Subject in Marvin Sanford Article regarding Jack London, 1876-1916 [after 1916]. Box 1 (10).
  • Subject in Luella Twining letter [c.1939] to “Editor, People’s World.” Box 2 (26).
  • Subject in Hensley Charles Woodbridge, 1923-, letter (1961, Aug. 4) to Marvin Sanford. Box 2 (29).
  • Subject in Robert Hanson Woodward, 1925-, letter (1969, June 25) to Marvin Sanford. Box 2 (30).
Mooney, Thomas J., 1882-1942
  • Subject in Luella Twining letter [c.1939] to “Editor, People’s World.” Box 2 (26).

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Subjects

Bellamy, Edward, 1850-1898.
Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926.
Flores Magón, Ricardo, 1873-1922.
London, Jack, 1876-1916.
Mooney, Thomas J., 1882-1942.
Sanford, Marvin.
Industrial Workers of the World.
Llano Colony (Secular community)
Amateur journalism -- California.
Communism -- United States.
Cooperative societies -- United States.
Labor movement -- California -- Periodicals.
Labor unions -- United States -- History -- Sources.
Socialism -- California -- History -- Sources.
Socialism -- California -- Periodicals.
Socialism -- United States.
Socialists -- United States -- Correspondence.
Communism -- California.
California -- Politics and government.

Forms/Genres

Articles -- 20th century.
Letters (correspondence) -- 20th century.
Newsletters -- California -- 20th century.
Newspapers -- California -- 20th century.
Typescripts -- 20th century.

Additional Contributors

De Leon, Daniel, 1852-1914.
De Witt, Samuel A.
Myers, Gustavus, 1872-1942.
LeWarne, Charles Pierce, 1930-.
Sanford, DeForest.
Seidel, Emil.
Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968.
World Socialist Party of the United States.
Young Socialist League (U.S.), correspondent.
Searchlight (San Francisco, Calif.)


Box 1

Manuscripts

Folder 1

Bentall, J. O. “Who Killed Chicago Daily World?:” [article] (1913, Jan.). Two copies.

Folder 2

De Leon, Daniel, 1852-1914. “The General Strike:” [article] (1904). Two copies.

Folder 3

Dvorak, Robert. “The Garment Workers Strike Lost: Who was to Blame?:” [article] (1911, Mar.). Two copies.

Folder 4

Hickey, Thomas A., 1869-1925. “The Land Renters Union in Texas:” [article] (1912, Sep.).

Folder 5

Keating, Edward, 1875-1965. “Labor Speaks:” [article] (1935, Apr. 15). Two copies.

Folder 6

Merrick, Fred H. “Justice in Pittsburg [sic]:” [article] (1911, Sep.). Two copies.

Folder 7

Nevada Colony Corporation. “By-Laws of the Nevada Colony Corporation:” [document] (1915-1916). Typewritten copy.

Folder 8

Russell, Charles Edward, 1860-1941. “These Days in American Journalism:” [article] (1911, Oct.).

Folder 9

Sanford, Marvin. Article regarding Elections in Oakland (Calif.) [c.1914].

Folder 10

Sanford, Marvin. Article regarding Jack London, 1876-1916 [after 1916]. Incomplete typed draft with handwritten edits.

Folder 11

Sanford, Marvin. “The Awakening of Science:” [essay] [c.1906].

Folder 12

Sanford, Marvin. Check List of Periodicals: Socialist, Communist and Populist, United States [after 1935]. Two incomplete copies; one with handwritten edits.

Folder 13

Sanford, Marvin. “The Death Drama:” [short story] [c.1914].

Folder 14

Sanford, Marvin. “Economics in the Schools:” [essay] [c.1906].

Folder 15

Sanford, Marvin. Editorials for the International Socialist Review (1911-1913). 9 items.

Folder 16

Sanford, Marvin. Essay regarding his History Class [c.1914].

Folder 17

Sanford, Marvin. Essay regarding Socialism in California [c.1914].

Folder 18

Sanford, Marvin. List of Papers regarding Herman Titus [after 1910].

Folder 19

Sanford, Marvin. Manuscript regarding Co-operative Colonies [c.1913]. Three copies.

Folder 20

Sanford, Marvin. Miscellaneous Notes (1899-1954). 16 items.

Folder 21

Sanford, Marvin. “The Municipal Exhibit:” [essay] [c.1906].

Folder 22

Sanford, Marvin. Notebook regarding the History of May Day [1940].

Folder 23

Sanford, Marvin. “Please Communicate:” [article] (1938, Nov.).

Folder 24

Sanford, Marvin. “Report to the Common Council of the Locale [sic] Oakland Socialist Party:” [report] (1916, Dec.).

Folder 25

Sanford, Marvin. “Socialist Platform of the Socialist Party of California:” [document], [c.1914].

Folder 26

Sanford, Marvin. Speech regarding the Socialist Movement [after 1914].

Folder 27

Sanford, Marvin. “Tuck’s Speech to the Court:” [article] (1911, Feb. 18).

Folder 28

Simons, H. Austin. “U.S. Revolutionary Training Institute:” [article] (1919, Sep.).

Folder 29

Socialist Party of Oakland. “Municipal Platform of the Socialist Party of Oakland:” [document] [c.1914].

Folder 30

Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968. “Labor and the Press:” [article] (1924, May). Two copies.

Folder 31

Van Dalsem, Newton. “The Bellamy Movement in Southern California:” [speech] (1950, Mar. 27).

Folder 32

-----. Bibliographies regarding Labor and Socialism (1919-[1960]). 2 items.

Folder 33

-----. Bound Typescripts of Various Articles from Socialist Periodicals (1909-1934). Authors include: Walter E. Reynolds, Samuel A. DeWitt, Emil Seidel, O. L. Anderson, Frank Dawson, Jack Britt Gearity, and Fred Montague.

Folder 34

-----. Bound Typescripts of Various Articles from Socialist Periodicals [c.1912]. Authors include: Marvin Sanford and Gustavus Myers, 1872-1942.

Folder 35

-----. Bound Typescripts of Various Articles from Socialist Periodicals (1912-1935). Authors include: Clay Fulks, O. M. Harris, Gustavus Myers, 1872-1942, Nils H. Hanson, and Walter E. Reynolds.

Folder 36

-----. Bound Typescripts of Various Articles from Socialist Periodicals (1924-1932). Authors include: Marvin Sanford, Edward Keating, 1875-1965, and Earl W. Shimmons.

Folder 37

-----. Bound Typescripts of Various Articles from Socialist Periodicals [after 1931]. Authors include: Marvin Sanford?

Folder 38

-----. “Labor’s Newspapers:” [article] (1932, Oct. 31).

Folder 39

-----. “Socialists and the Mexican Liberals:” [article] (1911, June 24).

Box 2

Correspondence and Ephemera

Folder 1

Alexander Morton. 1 letter ([1950], Sep. 26) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 2

Ault, Harry E. B. 3 letters (1951-1960) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 3

Beals, Carl B. 1 letter (1915, Feb. 26) to Secretary of the Young Socialist League (U.S.).

Folder 4

Burgess, D----. 1 letter (1916, Apr. 5) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 5

Deadrich, J. A. 1 letter (1936, Aug. 18) to DeForest Sanford.

Folder 6

Diamond, Julian J. 1 letter (1952, Oct. 5) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 7

Georgian, Stella Campbell. 2 letters (1917-1918) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 8

Hagglund, Ben. 1 letter (1952, Jan. 20) to DeForest Sanford.

Folder 9

Koch, -----. 1 letter (1966) to “Dear friends and relations.”

Folder 10

LeWarne, Charles Pierce, 1930-. 3 letters (1968-1970) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 11

Murdock, Steve. 1 letter [1958] to Sandy -----. With newspaper clipping.

Folder 12

Reynolds, Walter E. 1 letter (1933, Oct. 16) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 13

Reynolds, Walter E., Mrs. 1 letter (1934, Nov. 14) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 14

Ridgeway, Richard. 1 letter [c.1920] to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 15

Ridgeway, Richard and Emily Ridgeway. 1 letter [c.1920] to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 16

Samico, Jose. 1 letter (1969, Dec. 20) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 17

Sanford, DeForest. 44 letters (1952-1956) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 18

Sanford, Helen. 1 letter [c.1920] to Marius Hansome, 1887-, and Ione Hansome.

Folder 19

Sanford, Marvin. 1 letter (1937, June 11) to “General Manager, Ingersoll-Waterbury Company.”

Folder 20

Sanford, Marvin. 2 letters (1969) to Jose Samico.

Folder 21

Seidel, Edmund. 1 letter (1914, Apr. 17) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 22

Shideler, L. P. 1 letter (1914, July 20) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 23

Snow, G. A. 1 letter (1942, Feb. 19) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 24

Stevens, Bernie. 1 letter (1969, June 27) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 25

Stevens, H---- Le Roy. 1 letter (1924, June 30) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 26

Twining, Luella. 1 letter [c.1939] to “Editor, People’s World.”

Folder 27

Van Dalsem, Newton. 1 letter [1950] to Marvin Sanford. Includes an item regarding the Edward Bellamy Centenary.

Folder 28

Walker, Bodie M., Mrs. 1 letter (1970, July 24) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 29

Woodbridge, Hensley Charles, 1923-. 1 letter (1961, Aug. 4) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 30

Woodward, Robert Hanson, 1925-. 1 letter (1969, June 25) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 31

World Socialist Party of the United States. 1 letter (1947, July 14) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 32

-----, Brent. 1 letter [n.d.] to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 33

-----, Cecile. 1 letter (1929, Jan. 14) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 34

-----, Grace. 1 letter (1931, Jan. 31) to Marvin Sanford.

Folder 35

-----. 1 letter [1923] to Marvin Sanford. Incomplete.

Folder 36

-----. 1 letter (1958, Nov. 4) to [Marvin Sanford].

Folder 37

Ephemera: Miscellaneous Items (1896-1952). 9 items.

Folder 38

Ephemera: Newspaper Clippings (1936-1965). 6 items.

Folder 39

Ephemera: Publications: “Free Society” (1913). 2 items.

Folder 40

Ephemera: Publications: “The Searchlight” (1913-1914). 23 items.

Folder 41

Ephemera: Publications: “The Voice of the Militant Labor” (1911-1912). 13 items.