The portfolio documenting Ernest Chantre's scientific mission to the Caucasus, Kurdistan and
Mesopotamia, undertaken between March and September 1881, contains 57 albumen photographs taken by Captain Maximilien-Étienne-Émile
Barry and one
lithographed map showing the expedition's route. The photographs primarily document the Kurdistan portion of the mission which
began in Trabzon, on the
Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey, and proceeded on to Poti, Kutaisi, Goti and Tbilisi in the Caucasus. During the expedition
Chantre explored some
of the oldest continuously inhabited towns and cities in the world. The photographs record both ancient archaeological and
contemporary urban sites.
Portraits of inhabitants encountered along the way include those of Mingrelian, Kurdish and Armenian peoples. Also present
are scenes of daily life and
Maximilien-Étienne-Émile Barry (1843-1910), the son of a history professor in Toulouse, France, was a career military officer
who rose to the rank of
Brigadier General. In 1881, when a captain, he obtained a five-month leave to accompany Ernest Chantre's scientific mission
to the Caucasus, Kurdistan
and Mesopotamia. As a colonel he organized the defense of Le Havre in 1899.
2.75 Linear Feet
(2 boxes: 57 photographs on 56 sheets and 1 map in 1 portfolio)
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