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Baldwin (Frank Dwight) Papers
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Professional, personal, and family papers of General Frank D. Baldwin.
Francis Leonard Dwight Baldwin, (1842-1923) was a United States general and recipient of two Congressional Medals of Honor. During the Civil War, he served with the 19th Michigan Volunteer Infantry, taking part in the battle of Thompson's Station, Atlanta Campaign, Sherman's March to the Sea, and the campaigns of the Carolinas. In 1866, he entered the Regular Army and served as 2nd and then 1st Lieutenant of the 19th and 37th Regiments of U.S. Infantry before transferring to Col. Nelson A. Miles' 5th U.S. Infantry in 1869. On January 10, 1867, Baldwin married Alice Blackwood, and they had one daughter, Juanita. From 1869 to 1889, he served in the West, taking part in the Red River War, the operations against the Sioux from 1876 to 1880, the Nez Percé in 1877, the Apache in 1886, and the wars against the Sioux from 1890 to 1891. Baldwin was also judge advocate of the Department of Columbia from 1881 to November 1885 and investigated the Wounded Knee tragedy. From 1891 to October 1894 Baldwin was inspector of small arms practice for the Department of the Missouri, and then served as agent at the Anadarko Agency in Indian Territory. From 1900 to 1902, he served in the Philippines, first as Lieutenant Colonel of the 4th U.S. Infantry, and then Colonel of the 27th Infantry. In June 1902, he was promoted to Brigadier General, and in February 1903 appointed commander of the Department of the Colorado, a post he held until his retirement in 1906. During the first World War, he briefly left retirement to serve as Colorado's Adjutant General. Baldwin died in Denver, Colorado, on April 22, 1923.
41.38 Linear Feet (34 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
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