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Guide to the Point Cabrillo Light Station State Historic Park Photographic Collection
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Park History
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms
  • Related Material at California State Parks
  • Additional Information

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Point Cabrillo Light Station State Historic Park Photographic Collection
    Dates: 2008-2012
    Bulk Dates: 2008-2012
    Collection number: Consult repository
    Creator: California State Parks
    Collection Size: 143 images
    Repository: Photographic Archives.

    California State Parks
    McClellan, CA 92262
    Abstract: The Point Cabrillo Light Station State Historic Park Photographic Collection contains 143 cataloged images that date from 2008 through 2012. Images depict the property as a state park.
    Physical location: For current information on the physical location of these materials, please consult the Guide to the California State Parks Photographic Archives, available online.
    Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English

    Access

    Collection is open for research by appointment.

    Publication Rights

    Property rights reside with the repository. Copyrights are retained by the creators of the records. For permission to reproduce or to publish, please contact the Head Curator of the California State Parks Photographic Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item including photographer and date when available], Point Cabrillo Light Station State Historic Park Photographic Collection, [Catalog number], California State Parks Photographic Archives, McClellan, California

    Acquisition Information

    Images generated by California State Parks photographers.

    Accruals

    Further accruals are expected.

    Park History

    Point Cabrillo Light Station State Historic Park contains roughly 385 acres of scenic and historical resources. Located in Mendocino County, the park lies between Point Arena and Cape Mendocino Lights on the Pacific Coast and is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the east by Point Cabrillo Drive; it is directly south of the census-designated place of Caspar. The park is accessible by car via Point Cabrillo Drive.
    Prior to the installation of the light station, the area containing the present-day park served the Pomo people as summer hunting grounds for thousands of years. Moving from encampments further inland, the Pomo harvested ample supplies of abalone, mussels, kelp, and sea salt and hunted seals, sea lions, and deer every year before returning to their permanent villages. With the incursion of Anglo-American settlers, cattle-grazers, and lumbermen into the area in the late 1850s, the Pomo found their traditional lifeways severely disrupted. Today, the Pomo descendants occupy portions of their ancestral homelands and work to revive their language and customs.
    In 1850, the clipper brig Frolic struck a reef near present-day Point Cabrillo on its way to San Francisco. Securing the wrecked ship in present-day Frolic Cove, the captain and crew left the site to spread word of the disaster. Hoping to salvage cargo, Jerome Ford, employee of San Francisco lumber dealer Harry Meiggs, found nothing left to salvage upon his return to the shipwreck. He did, however, note the area’s abundant redwood and Douglas fir groves. Ford’s find ultimately yielded the founding of Mendocino and the establishment of the timber industry in Northern California.
    In the wake of the 1906 earthquake, the Point Cabrillo Light Station was built to guide cargo ships transporting lumber along the treacherous Redwood Coast to the devastated city of San Francisco. Construction began in 1908 and concluded the following year. The light station comprised roughly 30 acres, which included 15 buildings and structures: the Lighthouse and Fog Signal Building, three keepers’ residences, storage buildings, the Blacksmith and Carpentry Shop, the Oil House, water towers, pump houses, a barn, and a utility building. The light tower was first outfitted with a state-of-the-art Fresnel lens: an oil-lit lens turned via wind-up clockworks, one of only three made in the U.S. by the British firm, Chance Bros. The original lighting technology was first replaced in the mid-1930s with electric lamps and motors, and later updated with an automated beacon in 1972.
    The light station was originally managed by the U.S. Lighthouse Service until 1939, when authority transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard, who ran the station until 1991. One year earlier, the light station was approved for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places. In 1991, the California Coastal Conservancy acquired the property and raised funds for and implemented a comprehensive restoration program, including restoring the original Fresnel lens in 1999. The conservancy also restored the Blacksmith and Carpentry Shop as well as the Oil House during its tenure. In 2002, California State Parks acquired the property and additionally restored 12 of the original 15 buildings, resulting in one of the most complete historic light stations in the U.S. today. The park unit was named and classified in 2008.
    California State Parks, coordinating with the Point Cabrillo Lightkeepers Association, preserves and interprets historical resources at Point Cabrillo Light Station State Historic Park. In addition to maintaining the historic light station, the park provides guided Sunday site tours and additionally provides day-use picnic areas and a museum housed in the historic inn. The park also holds numerous events, including the Whale Festival in March and summer Lantern Room tours. The park is open from sunrise to sunset.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Point Cabrillo Light Station State Historic Park Photographic Collection covers the years 2008 and 2012. There is a total of 143 cataloged born-digital images. Photographs originated from California State Parks staff.
    The collection documents a few scenic and historic resources at the park. Images feature exterior views of the lighthouse, including the restored Fresnel lens, the adjacent Pacific coastline, picnic areas, and visiting painters enjoying the scenery. Additionally depicted are interior and exterior views of a restored light keeper’s house. Interior views document the living room, kitchen, and study with all attendant period furnishings.
    The Point Cabrillo Light Station State Historic Park Photographic Collection is chronologically and conceptually limited. Confined to 2008 and 2012, the collection would be greatly supplemented by the inclusion of more historic photographs depicting the light station’s change and development over time. Additionally, the contemporary images would benefit from more comprehensive coverage of the park unit, as they are currently limited to the lighthouse, one light keeper’s residence, and the scenic Pacific coastline.

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
    California State Coastal Conservancy
    California. Department of Parks and Recreation
    Caspar (Calif.)
    Cultural resources
    Fresnel lenses
    Historic preservation--California.
    Lighthouses--California--History.
    Lumber trade--California--Mendocino Co.--History.
    Mendocino County (Calif.)
    National Register of Historic Places
    Point Cabrillo Light Station (Calif.)
    Point Cabrillo Lightkeepers Association
    Pomo Indians
    United States. Coast Guard
    United States. Lighthouse Service

    Related Material at California State Parks

    Point Cabrillo Light Station State Historic Park Collection

    Related Material at Other Repositories

    Records of the U.S. Coast Guard, National Archives and Records Administration: Various Locations

    Additional Information