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Register of the Irina Grivnina papers
2018C13  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Acquisition Information
  • Accruals
  • Related Collection(s)
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection

  • Title: Irina Grivnina papers
    Date: 1928-2013
    Collection Number: 2018C13
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Archives
    Language of Material: Russian, English, and Dutch
    Physical Description: 12 manuscript boxes, 11 oversize boxes, 2 oversize folders (13.05 linear feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, memoirs, other writings, printed matter, photographs, visual materials, and sound and video recordings relating to civil liberties in the Soviet Union, and especially to misuse of psychiatry for political repression in the Soviet Union.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Archives
    Creator: Grivnina, Irina

    Access

    Box 23 closed until 2020 August 24.
    The remainder of the collection is open for research; materials must be requested at least two business days in advance of intended use.

    Publication Rights

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Irina Grivnina papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2016.

    Accruals

    Materials may have been added to the collection since this finding aid was prepared. To determine if this has occurred, find the collection in Stanford University's online catalog at http://searchworks.stanford.edu/ . Materials have been added to the collection if the number of boxes listed in the catalog is larger than the number of boxes listed in this finding aid.

    Related Collection(s)

    Aleksandr Ginzburg papers, Hoover Institution Archives; Vladimir Bukovskii papers, Hoover Institution Archives; Valentin Turchin papers, Hoover Institution Archives; Yuri Yarim-Agaev papers, Hoover Institution Archives; A.S. Esenin-Vol'pin papers, Hoover Institution Archives.

    Biographical Note

    Irina Grivnina (b. 1945) received her education in electronics and mathematics at the Aeronautics University in Moscow and had worked as a mathematician for eleven years. In 1977 she started participating in the publication of the Samizdat ("self-publishing") magazine revealing psychiatric repression in the Soviet Union. Grivnina was a member of the Moscow Helsinki group. In 1980 she was arrested by the KGB and spent fourteen months in the Lefortovo prison. The court trial resulted in sentencing her to exile in Kazakhstan, where she spent two years. In 1983 Grivnina returned to Moscow and in 1985 she emigrated with her family to the Netherlands. Since then she has lived in Amsterdam, writing and translating for Dutch, American, and Russian newspapers and magazines and for the BBC Russian Service programs. Irina Grivnina is the author of six books published in the Netherlands; two of them were also published in Russian.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The documents in Irina Grivnina papers reflect her participation in the dissident movement, arrest, prison term and internal exile, and fight for emigration. Her archive also documents her work as journalist and writer.
    The collection is divided into ten series; some of them are described below.
    The Biographical file consists mostly of Grivnina's trial documents and a number of complaints filed by Grivnina and her husband Vladimir Neplekhovich, in connections with her arrest, imprisonment, and especially exile. (In exile Irina was pregnant, and local KGB authorities insisted that she terminate her pregnancy.) The file also includes personal documents of Vladimir Neplekhovich reflecting complications he encountered at work because of Grivnina's dissident activities and arrest.
    The Correspondence series contains conventional and electronic mail from Grivnina's family and friends. Attention should be paid to letters from Daniel Jaffe, a student from Israel, who met and befriended Grivnina in Moscow. Their correspondence lasted for twenty years, from 1978 to 1998.
    Irina Grivnina wrote six novels in Russian; most of them were translated into Dutch and published in the Netherlands. Only one of her novels was published in Russian. Russian language novels and memoirs, mostly unpublished, are included in this collection. As a journalist, Irina Grivnina wrote extensively on political and cultural issues for newspapers and magazines and interviewed many prominent political and cultural figures from various countries for her BBC programs. These materials, as well as her translations, book reviews, lectures, and speeches on various occasions make Speeches and Writings series a valuable research resource.
    The Writings by Others series includes stage adaptations by famous Russian theater director Mikhail Levitin (typescripts, unpublished); two plays by bard, dissident, and poet Yulii Kim; an essay by Vladimir Bukovskii.
    The Subject File consists of personal documents of Grivnina's grandparents including work evaluation and KPSS member assessment of her grandfather, Colonel Pavel Al'tshuller, and Soviet military staff maps of the Stalingrad battle that he collected, and material gathered by Grivnina for a book she planned to write about Andeĭ Saklharov.
    Photographs and slides in the Visual Materials contain images of famous Soviet and foreign writers, poets, and political figures (Vladimir Voinovich, Semen Lipkin, Inna Lisnianskaia, Venedikt Erofeev, Liudmila Petrushevskaia, Kendzaburō Ōe, Gunter Grass, Pavel Kohout, Václav Havel, and others) and of Soviet human rights activists (Mustafa Dzhemilev, Viacheslav Bakhmin, Vladimir Bukovskii, Aleksandr Podrabinek, and others), as well as photo reports from the Poésie International festival in Rotterdam, Pushkin conference in Bonn, Prague conference of dissidents residing in Russia and abroad, and the Glasnost' and Perstroika Congress. The series also includes photographs depicting Irina and her family in exile and in emigration.
    The Sound and Video Recordings consist of interviews conducted by Grivnina or interviews of her.
    While in prison, Grivnina worked hard to stay strong. For that purpose, in violation of prison rules, she knitted a sweater for herself and sewed a night gown out of her husband's shirt. She also treasured a pair of ears created for the Poésie International festival and signed by famous Russian writers and poets. When she emigrated to the Netherlands she was met by people holding textile signs "Irina Grivnina, Workers on Human Rights most welcome" and "Irina Grivnina Released." These items and other memorabilia can be found in the Memorabilia series.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Civil rights--Soviet Union.
    Dissenters--Soviet Union.
    Psychiatry--Soviet Union.
    Russians--Netherlands.