The Alfred and Annalee Roegtten collection contains documents, correspondence, printed material, and photographs. The content
is both original and reproduction. The bulk dates of this collection is 1941-1945. The collection documents Alfred and Annalee's
life during Nazi-occupied Netherlands.
Alfred Roettgen was born on March 13, 1916, in Essen, Germany, into a mixed family. His mother was gentile, and his father
was Jewish. The family was not very religious, but Alfred did have a Bar Mitzvah. In 1933, the family received antisemitism
in their community and moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands. He worked for the Committee of Jewish Refugees as a runner delivering
letters. In 1942, he married his wife, Annalee.
Nazi Germany occupied the Netherlands in 1940; Alfred had to wear the yellow Jewish star since he had Jewish grandparents
on his father's side. He worked for the Jewish Council for Amsterdam, handing immigration for Jews of Foreign Nationality.
This position allowed him to move freely during the occupation, and it spared him and his wife many times from being deported.
However, his wife was sent to Westerbork transit camp in September 1944. During her imprisonment, he successfully changed
in identification to a full gentile by providing false documentation of a gentile father