Finding Aid to the Franz Schurmann papers, circa 1955-1986 (bulk 1957-1970) BANC MSS 98/123 cz

Finding Aid written by Lara Michels
The Bancroft Library
The Bancroft Library
University of California
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000
(510) 642-6481

Language of Material: English
Contributing Institution: The Bancroft Library
Title: Franz Schurmann papers
creator: Schurmann, Franz, 1926-2010
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 98/123 cz
Physical Description: 9.5 linear feet 7 cartons, 2 boxes, 1 cardfile box
Date (inclusive): circa 1955-1986
Date (bulk): (bulk 1957-1970)
Abstract: The papers of Franz Schurmann, American historian and sociologist and expert on China during the Cold War.
Language of Material: Collection materials are in English
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.


Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720-6000. Consent is given on behalf of The Bancroft Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner. See:
Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.Materials in this collection may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley 94720-6000. See:

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Franz Schurmann papers, BANC MSS 98/123 cz, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Alternate Forms Available

There are no alternate forms of this collection.

Materials Cataloged Separately

Negatives have been transferred to Pictorial Collections of The Bancroft Library.

Acquisition Information

The Franz Schurmann papers were gifted to the Bancroft Library by Franz Schurmann in 1995.


No additions are expected.

Processing Information

Processed by Lara Michels in 2013.

Biographical Information

Franz Schurmann, born in 1926 in Astoria, Queens, was an American sociologist and historian (though he referred to himself as an explorer-journalist). An expert on China during the Cold War, Schurmann taught in both the Departments of History and Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley for thirty-eight years. He also served for some time as the head of the Center for Chinese Studies. Schurmann was fluent in as many as twelve languages (partly the product of the fact that his father spoke five). He served in World War II, during which he met Stephen Brecht, the son of Bertolt Brecht. The two would remain friends and Schurmann was known to spend granduate school summers at Brecht's house in Southern California. Schurmann received his Ph.D. in Asian Studies from Harvard University after the war. One of his first major projects was to spend two years in Afghanistan during the late 1950s documenting a tribe thought to be descended from the invasions of Ghengis Kahn. He published his findings in a book entitled The Mongols of Afghanistan (1962). Schurmann's major work was his book Ideology and Organization in Communist China, which was first published in 1966 at the start of Mao's Cultural Revolution. Schurmann was an opponent of the Vietnam War and founded the Berkeley Faculty Peace Committee in 1964. He toured parts of Vietnam in 1968 with fellow activist Mary McCarthy. Schurmann also was instrumental in starting the Pacific News Service in 1970 in order to bring more journalism about Asia to the United States.

Scope and Content of Collection

The collection includes correspondence; writings; research files; professional and personal materials; and audio-visual. The correspondence mostly dates from 1960 to 1970 and documents both personal and professional activities. Schurmann's writing files include drafts of some of his books as well as manuscript versions of talks, lectures, and unpublished essays, mostly on Chinese topics but also on issues relating to the Vietnam War. Among Schurmann's personal and professional materials are pages from journals or self-reflections kept by Schurmann during the 1960s, which document, in detail, his personal life as well as his thoughts on his work process and on places and events. Of particular note are Schurmann's journals of his trips to Vietnam and Cuba with political activist Mary McCarthy in 1968 as well as his journals from Paris in 1962 (in which he comments extensively on contemporary events such as the Cuban Missile Crisis). There are also cassette tapes mainly relating to Vietnam and Cuba and five reel-to-reel audio tapes, at least one of which derives from Schurmann's work in Afghanistan in the late 1950s. The final series consists of Schurmann's personal professional files which had been retained by the Center for Chinese Studies and were transferred to The Bancroft Library in 2014.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Peace
China--Politics and government--1949-1976
Angel Island (Calif.)
Faculty papers
Schurmann, Franz, 1926-2010
Schurmann, Franz, 1926-2010--Archives.
University of California, Berkeley. Center for Chinese Studies
University of California, Berkeley. ǂb Faculty Peace Committee


Correspondence. Series 1: 1960-1970, 1987 undated

Physical Description: carton 1, folder 1-22

Writings. Series 2: circa 1955-1970

Physical Description: carton 1, folder 23-28; carton 2-3
carton 1, folder 23-26

Preliminary draft of a volume to be entited Nomads of the World, 1956-1957

carton 1, folder 27-28

Leadership and Organization in Communist China (book manuscript), circa 1968

carton 2, folder 1-9

Ideology and Organization in Communist China (book manuscript), circa 1968

carton 2, folder 10

Storm Over America-Storm Over China (manuscript), 18 June 1969

carton 2, folder 11

Book System and Organization in Communist China (manuscript fragments) undated

carton 2, folder 12-13

Family and Property in China with Particular Reference to the Southern Sung (book manuscript), 1955

carton 2, folder 14

Some Propositions on the Political Economy of the Socialist Countries (manuscript of text prepared for the Conference on Soviet and Chinese Communism: Similarities and Difference; held in Lake Tahoe), >1965

carton 2, folder 15

Communist China Today: The Great Leap Forward (manuscript of talk given before the Graduate Sociology Club at UC Berkeley), 1958

carton 2, folder 16

Organizational Contrasts between Communist China and the Soviet Union (manuscript), undated

carton 2, folder 17-19

Econonimc Policy and Political Power in Communist China (manuscript), undated

carton 2, folder 20

Monarch and Religion (manuscript), undated

carton 2, folder 21

On Imperialism (manuscript), 31 July 1967

carton 2, folder 22

Mao Tse-Tung (manuscript of talk delivered at the Center for Chinese Studies Seminar on 8 Februrary 1965), 1965

carton 2, folder 23

Industrial Management in the People's Republic of China (manuscript of paper prepared for The First Research Conference on the Social Science Research Council Committee on the Economy of China in Berkeley), 1963

carton 2, folder 24

Assorted writings, circa 1957-1970

carton 2, folder 25

A Brief Essay on Comparative Analysis of the Soviet Union and China (manuscript), undated

carton 2, folder 26

Draft of Chronology of Selected Events in 1957 Relevant to the Great Leap Forward (manuscript), 1964

carton 2, folder 27

Comparative Politics of Russia and China, 1965

carton 2, folder 28

The Prospects for Free Society in the Developing Countries (manuscript of essay to be read in advance of the meeting of the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions), 1962

carton 2, folder 29

State Over Society (manuscript), undated

carton 2, folder 30

Organizational Contrast Between Communist China and the Soviet Union (manuscript), 1961

carton 2, folder 31

Functional Autonomy and Absolute Authority (Organizational Theory and Practice in Communist China Lecture, Social Science Research Colloquium), 1962

carton 2, folder 32

On Monarchy and Bureaucracy in China (manuscript for 1959 Conference on Political Power in Traditional China),

carton 2, folder 33

Socialism in Vietnam and Cuba (manuscript), 1969

carton 3, folder 1

Communist China - Freedom and Constraint in Decision-Making (manuscript), undated

carton 3, folder 2

An Essay on Domestic Factors Influencing Decision-Making in Communist China (manuscript for Council on Foreign Relations, The United States and China in World Affairs), 1964

carton 3, folder 3

A Proposition on the Separation of Policy and Operations in China (manuscript for University Seminar on Modern East Asia: China and University Seminar on International Communism, Columbia University), 1967

carton 3, folder 4

Assorted writings on Vietnam and the Vietnam War, circa 1967

carton 3, folder 5-6

The Revolution and the People: China (manuscripts of scrips for filmstrips), undated

carton 3, folder 7

The Act and Process of Revolution (manuscript of talk before the Graduate Sociology Club), 1965

carton 3, folder 8

Analysis of the monograph, undated

carton 3, folder 9

Centralization and Decentralization in Communist China (assorted notes and fragments),

carton 3, folder 10

China - Hong Kong: Impressions over the Year (manuscript), 1961

carton 3, folder 11

China - The Possibilities of Peace and Disarmament (manuscript/notes), undated

carton 3, folder 12

The Chinese Attitude Toward Nuclear War and Wars of Liberation (manuscript/notes), undated

carton 3, folder 13

The Chinese N.E.P. - Transition or Beginning? (manuscript of advance copy of article in the China Quarterly), 1963

carton 3, folder 14

Communism in China (manuscript of lecture), undated

carton 3, folder 15

Comparative Politics of Russia and China (unrevised manuscript of paper delivered at American Political Science Association meeting), 1965

carton 3, folder 16

Creeping Escalation - From a Little War to a Big War, undated

carton 3, folder 17

Crisis in Vietnam, circa 1967

carton 3, folder 18-20

Foriegn Politics of Richard Nixon (manuscript drafts of chapters), undated

carton 3, folder 21

Functional Autonomy and Absolute Authority (manuscript draft of paper presented for the Organizational Theory and Practice in China Lecture, Social Science Research Colloquium), 1962

carton 3, folder 22

Review of Ping-ti Ho's Studies on the Polulation of China, 1959

carton 3, folder 23

Assorted book reviews, 1957-1960

carton 3, folder 24

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (manuscript of talk before Political Science Club), undated

carton 3, folder 25

Human Volition and Organizational Demand, 1963

carton 3, folder 26

Early Industrialization of China and Japan, undated

carton 3, folder 27

Intellectual Status and Social Stratification in China, undated

carton 3, folder 28

Letter from Hong Kong - Observations on Recent Internal Developments in China, 1961

carton 3, folder 29

Letter from Hong Kong - Some Comments on the Sino-Soviet Dialogue, 1960

carton 3, folder 30

Mass Level Organization in Communist China (manuscript for the Third International Sovietological Conference in Japan), 1960

carton 3, folder 31

The New Left and its Critique, 1966

carton 3, folder 32

Notes and comments on the state of the Chinese economy, circa 1963

carton 3, folder 33

Notes on the conflict of the territorial and functional principles of organization, undated

carton 3, folder 34

On Methods of Control in Communist China, undated

carton 3, folder 35

On State, Society, and Party, undated

carton 3, folder 36

On System Differences Between the Soviet Union and Communist China (manuscript), undated

carton 3, folder 37

On the Chinese Revolution, circa 1962

carton 3, folder 38

On the Functioning of Organization in Communist China, undated

carton 3, folder 39

On the Nature of the University, undated

carton 3, folder 40

On War and Revolution in Asia, undated

carton 3, folder 41

On why I should be concerned about Vietnam and A Dream (two manuscripts), 1966

carton 3, folder 42

An Open Letter to Congress, circa 1966

carton 3, folder 43

Organization and Response in Communist China (manuscript of paper for the Center for Chinese Studies Research Colloquium), 1958

carton 3, folder 44

Organization and Tensions in Communist China, undated

carton 3, folder 45

Organisation und flexibilitat der KP in der Sowjetuion und in China, undated

carton 3, folder 46

The Organizational Function of the Communist Party in China: The Party at the Mass Level (manuscript for Center for Chinese Studies colloquium), 1959

carton 3, folder 47

Oriental Despotism (manuscript of talk given before the Kroeber Anthropological Society), 1958

carton 3, folder 48

The para-state (manuscript and correspondence), circa 1966

carton 3, folder 49

Peking's Recognition of Crisis - Internal Developments in Mainland China, 1961

carton 3, folder 50

People's Communes: The Continuing Mass Movement, undated

carton 3, folder 51

Problems of Political Organization During the Yuan Dynasty, undated

carton 3, folder 52

Reflections on China After a Year in Hong Kong, 1961

carton 3, folder 53

Reflections on China Today, 1962

carton 3, folder 54

Religion and Community: A Comparative Approach, undated

carton 3, folder 55

Reflections on China, 1967

carton 3, folder 56

Report on a Trip to the Soviet Union, 1960

carton 3, folder 57

Sociology and Asian Studies (manuscript of talk before the Graduate Sociology Club), 1956

carton 3, folder 58

Sociology and the Study of the Non-Western World, undated

carton 3, folder 59

Some Comments on Reading Allen Whiting's Moscow and Peking: Suspended Dialogue?, undated

carton 3, folder 60

Soviet Society and Chinese Society - Contrasts and Comparisons, 1960

carton 3, folder 61

System, Contradictions, and Revolution in America, undated

carton 3, folder 62

Why they Fear the New Left, circa 1966

carton 3, folder 63

Work, undated

carton 3, folder 64

On Revolution, undated

carton 3, folder 65

Community lectures, circa 1958-1968

carton 3, folder 66

On the Prospects for Free Society in the Developing Countries: An Essay on Culture Change and its Implications, circa 1962

carton 3, folder 67

American Imperialism (manuscript of talk given before the Sociology Club, 1968

carton 3, folder 68-76

Untitled and unidentified writings and fragments, circa 1957-1970


Teaching. Series 3: circa 1960-1970

Physical Description: carton 4, folder 1-32

Scope and Contents

Includes files on the following courses taught by Schurmann at UC Berkeley: History 19B, History 100, History 102, History 117, History 184, History 189, History 191, History 280, History 291, Sociology 117, Sociology 120, Sociology 135, Sociology 141, Sociology 142, Sociology 145, Sociology 184, Sociology 237, Sociology 241.

Research Files. Series 4: circa 1957-1970

Physical Description: carton 4, folder 33-52; carton 5; carton 6, folder 1-28
carton 4, folder 33

American Historical Association,

carton 4, folder 34

Asian Survey,

carton 4, folder 35

Camelot (Project Camelot),

carton 4, folder 36

Congress of American Professors,

carton 4, folder 37-43

Center for Chinese Studies,

carton 4, folder 44

China and Japan,

carton 4, folder 45

China seminar,

carton 4, folder 46

Chinese economy project,

carton 4, folder 47

Committee on Republican China,

carton 4, folder 48-49

Comparative Communism Project,

carton 4, folder 50

Comparative Development Group,

carton 4, folder 51-52


carton 5, folder 1

Economic problems,

carton 5, folder 2

Gould House,

carton 5, folder 3


carton 5, folder 4-8

Hong Kong research base,

carton 5, folder 9


carton 5, folder 10


carton 5, folder 11

Interviews (mainly with Chinese men and women),

carton 5, folder 12

Lydia Hirsch: Analytical Subject and Name Index of Economic Structure of the Yuan Dynasty,

carton 5, folder 13

Mao poetry,

carton 5, folder 14

National Science Foundation,

carton 5, folder 15

On Action,

carton 5, folder 16

Organization in Commerce,

carton 5, folder 17


carton 5, folder 18-23

Papers from 1959 Conference on Political Power in Traditional China,

carton 5, folder 24

Party in factories,

carton 5, folder 25

Planning and policy,

carton 5, folder 26

Pre-Liberation Industry,

carton 5, folder 27


carton 5, folder 28

Principles of industrial management,

carton 5, folder 29

Production methods during Great Leap Forward,

carton 5, folder 30

Production costs,

carton 5, folder 31

Production team,

carton 5, folder 32

Productivity - Quality - Economizing,

carton 5, folder 33

Promoting workers,

carton 5, folder 34

Psychology, Education,

carton 5, folder 35

Responsibility system,

carton 5, folder 36

Return to village,

carton 5, folder 37

S.S. Brecht,

carton 5, folder 38

Seminars and Lunches,

carton 5, folder 39

70 articles on agriculture,

carton 5, folder 40

Sin-Soviet Conference,

carton 5, folder 41

Sino-Soviet dialogue,

carton 5, folder 42

Sino-Soviet faculty seminar,

carton 5, folder 43

Sino-Soviet research (comparative),

carton 5, folder 44-46

Slavic Center,

carton 6, folder 1

Social Science Research Council seminar,

carton 6, folder 2

Sources in Taiwan for research on Chinese Communism,

carton 6, folder 3

Sovietological conference,

carton 6, folder 4-5

Spiritual penetration: Nomad invasion from without,

carton 6, folder 6

State Department,

carton 6, folder 7

State-Private Business,

carton 6, folder 8

Sub-Committee on Chinese Society,

carton 6, folder 9

Taiwan Language School,

carton 6, folder 10

Targets-Production Problems,

carton 6, folder 11

Targets, Goals, Incentives,

carton 6, folder 12

Technical inspection,

carton 6, folder 13

Techinical terms,

carton 6, folder 14


carton 6, folder 15

Technological change,

carton 6, folder 16

Tensions. conflicts,

carton 6, folder 17

Traditional Chinese society,

carton 6, folder 18

Transcript of Mao's talk with the French in 1964,

carton 6, folder 19


carton 6, folder 20

United States Policy in Southeast Asia,

carton 6, folder 21-23

Wages and incentives,

carton 6, folder 24

Workforce composition,

carton 6, folder 25

Work norms,

carton 6, folder 26

Workers councils - meetings,

carton 6, folder 27

World Affairs Council,

carton 6, folder 28



Professional and Personalia. Series 4: circa 19-1870

Physical Description: carton 6, folder 28-58; box 1

Scope and Contents

This series includes biographical and bibliographical materials, some materials relating to Schurmann's professional activities at UC Berkeley and elsewhere, and pages from journals or self-reflections (called Selbstbeshauung by Schurmann) kept by Schurmann during the 1960s. These journal pages document, in detail, Schurmann's personal life as well as his thoughts on his work process and on places and events. Of particular note are Schurmann's journals of his trips to Vietnam and Cuba with political activist Mary McCarthy in 1968 as well as his journals from Paris in 1962 (in which he comments extensively on contemporary events such as the Cuban Missile Crisis). All of Schurmann's journals are in carton 6.

Audio-Visual. Series 5: circa 1950-1970

Physical Description: box 2; cardfile box 1
box 2

Five unidentified reel-to-reel audio tapes (may be related to Schurmann's work in Afghanistan in the late 1950s),

cardfile-box 1

Cassette audio-tapes,

Scope and Contents

Titles on tapes: Hoa-binh; Prof. Ton That Tung's Message; Music, Poetry (Hanoi) Ecole de Beaux Arts, Mar. 23, 1968; Hu'ng Yen Province, Mar. 25, 1968; March 28; Col. Ha Van Liau 23/03/68; Isla des Pinos; Fidel; Cuba CDR; untitled

Files from the Center for Chinese Studies Series 6 1958-1968

Scope and Content

This series consists of Schurmann's personal professional files which had been retained by the Center for Chinese Studies and were transferred to The Bancroft Library in 2014. Included are topical files, files on conferences and lectures and correspondence files.
carton 6, folder 59

China Reader 1966-1967

carton 6, folder 60

Education and World Affairs 1963-1966

carton 7, folder 1

Ideology and Organization in Communist China 1967

carton 7, folder 2

International Arts and Science Press 1966

carton 7, folder 3-4

Manuscripts and Reviews 1963-1966

carton 7, folder 5

Peace Organizations 1966

carton 7, folder 6

Politics of Escalation 1966-1967

carton 7, folder 7-8

Students 1964-1967

carton 7, folder 9

U.C. Press 1964-1966

carton 7, folder 10

Travel 1963-1968

carton 7, folder 11

Vietnam 1965-1966

carton 7, folder 12

Subcommittee on Research on Chinese Society- 10th Seminar 1964

carton 7, folder 13-15

Conferences and Lectures 1964-1966

carton 7, folder 16-20

Correspondence 1958-1968