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Higgins (Ethel Bailey) Papers
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Collection Details
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  • Scope and Contents
  • Biographical/Historical
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Preferred Citation

  • Language of Material: English
    Contributing Institution: San Diego Natural History Museum Research Library
    Title: Ethel Bailey Higgins Papers
    Identifier/Call Number: LA.1994.0414
    Physical Description: 2.25 Linear Feet
    Date (inclusive): ca. 1933-1963
    Abstract: The Ethel Bailey Higgins Papers consists of botanical research material including plant lists, correspondence, and manuscript material assembled by Higgins during her tenure as curator of botany at the San Diego Natural History Museum.
    Language of Material: English

    Scope and Contents

    The Ethel Bailey Higgins Papers, ca. 1933-1963, consist of three boxes of archival materials relating to Higgins' career at the San Diego Natural History Museum as Curator of Botany. Series I consists of manuscript material (draft and final) regarding plant collectors of San Diego; Series II contains bundles of plant lists; Series 3 consist of correspondence.


    Ethel Bailey Higgins (1866–1963) was the curator of botany at the San Diego Natural History Museum from 1943 to 1957 and associate curator from 1957 to 1963. Higgins is the author of Our Native Cacti (1931), Annotated Distributional List of the Ferns and Flowering Plants of San Diego County, California (1949), and other popular works on plants of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Born Ethel Phoebe Bailey in Vassalboro, Maine on May 10, 1866, she moved to Los Angeles, California with her parents in 1900, where she worked as a photographer, specializing in botanical subjects. She married John C. Higgins in 1914, and the couple moved to San Diego in 1915; that year, she exhibited photographs during the Panama-California Exposition in Balboa Park. She joined the San Diego Natural History Museum staff in 1933 and became Curator of Botany in 1943 succeeding Frank Gander. In 1957, she was succeeded as curator by Reid Moran and continued her work with the Museum as associate curator into her mid-90s. Higgins died on March 9, 1963 in San Diego, California.

    Conditions Governing Access

    The collection is open to researchers by appointment. Contact the Research Library Director, San Diego Natural History Museum.

    Conditions Governing Use

    Copyright may be reserved. Consult the San Diego Natural History Museum Research Library Director for more information.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Ethel Bailey Higgins Papers (LA 1994.0414). Research Library, San Diego Natural History Museum.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Manuscripts for publication
    Natural history -- California -- San Diego County
    Women botanists -- San Diego County (Calif.) -- Archival resources
    Eastwood, Alice, 1859-1953
    Orcutt, Charles Russell, 1864-1929