Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (84.83 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administration Information
  • History
  • Scope and Content
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Mob Violence in America, 1839-1892 [Schwendemann Manuscript],
    Dates: 1839-1892
    Collection Number: DHS.049
    Creator: Schwendemann, Glen
    Collector: Schwendemann, Glen
    Extent: 3 boxes (1.25 linear ft)
    Repository: California State University, Dominguez Hills Archives and Special Collections
    Archives & Special Collection
    University Library, Room G-145
    1000 E. Victoria Street
    Carson, California 90747
    Phone: (310) 243-3013
    URL: http://www.csudh.edu/archives/csudh/index.html
    Abstract: A compilation of primary source accounts of mob violence (lynchings and murder) of “Whites” and “Blacks” in the United States from the 1840s to 1890s. Intended as the basis of a manuscript, the material was researched and compiled by Glen Schwendemann.
    Language: Collection material is in English

    Administration Information


    There are no access restrictions on this collection.

    Publication Rights

    All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

    Preferred Citation

    [Title of item], GLEN SCHWENDEMANN MANUSCRIPT - U.S. MOB VIOLENCE,1839-1892, Courtesy of the Department of Archives and Special Collections. University Library. California State University, Dominguez Hills

    Acquisition Information

    The materials were donated to the California State University Archives at California State University, Dominquez Hills, by Glenn Schwendemann in 2008.

    Processing Information

    Materials processed by Patricia Mannix, 2010.


    Intended as the basis of a manuscript on U.S. mob violence from the 1840s to 1890s but unpublished, the material was researched, collected, and edited by Glen Schwendemann over four decades (ca. 1960-2000). The data was collected from newspapers, dating from the mid to late nineteenth century, in the form of microfilm and then transcribed by Schwendemann. The intended title of the manuscript was: Mob Violence in America, 1839 – 1892. Schwendemann’s interest in and committed research on the subject was inspired by his Master’s thesis (University of Oklahoma, 1957) on nineteenth century African-American migration from the South.

    Scope and Content

    The manuscript consists of primary source accounts of mob violence in the United States from 1840 to 1899. “Lynching” is understood as an event in which a person alleged to have committed a crime or offense is arrested and murdered (typically, hanged) by a mob; when the person is not arrested, but hanged or executed in some other manner by a mob, it is considered “murder.” Mob violence of the latter sort is often associated with the western part of the United States in the post-Civil War period. The events of mob violence documented largely took place in the mid-West and the South, and to less degree, in the West and Southwest. The material is divided into two main categories of persons (primarily men) lynched or murdered: “Blacks” and “Whites.” Latino, Native American, and Asian men are included in the sections on Whites lynched or murdered. There are also several accounts of the lynching of women in the two main categories. Notes indicate that two sections on mob violence – titled “Lynching of Black People” and “Murder of Black People” - were meant to be part of the material; these are not included in the collection, although an index of names titled “Blacks not Arrested but Killed by Mobs” is. The bulk of the material therefore is centered on “lynching” and “murder” of “Whites.”
    The manuscript material comprises three series. Series I consists of the Introduction where the terms and methodology employed in the research and collection of data are laid out. It also contains the primary and secondary sources of the data and the numbers of persons lynched and murdered by mob actions by race and by year, intended as appendices of the manuscript. Series II includes documented accounts of the lynchings of and the murder of Whites (1840-1892). Series III consists of three indices: Whites murdered by mob violence (1840-1892), Blacks murdered by mob violence (1840-1892), and names of the dead (1866-1965).


    Arranged in three series:
    • Series I. Introduction, Sources, and Persons Lynched/Killed by Mobs by Race and Number.
    • Series II. Lynchings of Whites, and Whites not Arrested but Killed by Mobs.
    • Series III. Indices.

    Indexing Terms


    Lynching--Louisiana--New Orleans.
    Lynching--Montana--History--19th century.
    Lynching--North Carolina.
    Lynching--South Carolina--History--19th century.
    Lynching Southern States.
    Lynching--Southern States--History.
    Lynching--Texas--History--19th century.
    Lynching--United States.
    Alabama--History--19th century.
    Arkansas History 19th century.
    Colorado--History--19th century.
    Florida--History--19th century.
    Indiana--History--19th century.
    Illinois--History--19th century.
    Kansas--History--19th century.
    Maine--History--19th century.
    Michigan--History--19th century.
    Minnesota--History--19th century.
    Nebraska--History--19th century.
    New Mexico--History--19th century.
    Ohio--History--19th century.
    Oklahoma--History--19th century.
    Oregon--History--19th century.
    Utah--History--19th century.
    West Virginia--History.
    Wisconsin--History--19th century.
    Wyoming--History--19th century.