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Finding Aid for the Motion Picture Patents Company Trial Records LSC.0151
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Collection consists of briefs, court records, newspaper clippings, and related printed ephemera concerning the trial U.S. vs. Motion Picture Patents Co. et al. from the files of the law firm Caldwell, Masslich & Reed, which represented the principal defendants.
Motion Picture Patents Company was organized in 1908 by a group of film producers and distributors representing Edison, Vitagraph, Biograph, Kalem, Lubin, Selig, Essanay, Pathé Exchange, Méliès, and Gaumont companies to protect their patent interests; a system of fees and royalties was set up for use of equipment covered by their patents; the General Film Company was established (1910) to distribute films of its member companies to licensed theaters; certain independent producers, who were not owners of patents or licensed by patent owners, challenged the validity of these practices; a complaint was filed to US Attorney General G.W. Wickersham, who threatened a criminal indictment; through due course a decree was rendered for dissolution of the Company.
2.0 Linear Feet (4 boxes)
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