This is a collection of correspondence, papers, and hand-drawn maps made by J. W. Simmons between 1934 and 1935 regarding
archaeological sites in Arizona. Much of the correspondence is between Simmons and Southwest Museum Secretary Charles Avery
Amsden. This collection also includes photographs.
James W. Simmons, amateur archaeologist, became known during the 1930s for discovering Black Mesa and Perry Mesa on either
side of the Agua Fria River. Both sites would later become important archaeological sites. Simmons documented a great deal
of his archaeological work, particularly related to pueblos and petroglyphs, through reports funded by the Federal Writer’s
Project. He worked as a building laborer when he was not engaged in some type of archaeological endeavor. He was the first
person to attempt to describe the prehistoric culture of the Yavapai County, Ariz., area.
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also be obtained by the reader.
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