This collection offers a snapshot of life at a busy and prosperous Southern California rancho from the mid-1800s to 1924 when
members of the del Valle family sold Rancho Camulos to August and Mary Rubel. The collection includes a variety of personal
papers and ephemera belonging to the del Valle family and documents collected by August Rubel during his tenure at Rancho
Camulos. This collection is useful to those conducting research on the history of 19th and early 20th century Southern California
agriculture, rancho life, laborers, the del Valle and Rubel families.
August and Mary Rubel moved to Rancho Camulos in 1925, having purchased the ranch the previous year. August Rubel, the son
of Swiss immigrants, grew up in New York City. He came to Ventura County in 1922, after graduation from Harvard at the age
of twenty-three and shortly after he married Mary Colgate McIssac, a Boston native. The Rubels first lived in Aliso Canyon
near Santa Paula, having established the Billiwhack Dairy there in 1924.
The Rubels raised five children at Camulos Ranch. August Rubel served in the American Field Service in France between 1917
and 1919 as an ambulance driver. He was awarded the Croix de Guerre by the French government for his service. He later returned
to ambulance service during World War II and was killed in Tunisia in 1943 when an ambulance he was driving hit a German land
August and Mary Rubel took great pride in preserving the architecture and historic legacy associated with Rancho Camulos as
a Mexican land grant and as the source of inspiration for Helen Hunt Jackson’s bestselling novel Ramona.During August Rubel’s
tenure between 1924 and his death in 1943, he dedicated himself to preserving many of the agricultural artifacts, financial
papers, ledgers, maps and letters left behind by the del Valle family. For several years, many of these items were displayed
in a small museum on the second floor of the winery building that the Rubels opened to the community. In 2015, while working
to safely relocate the remnants of Rubel’s museum, staff and volunteers discovered a battered trunk containing a variety of
valuable archival papers, including 19th-century religious music, popular sheet music, personal del Valle family letters,
19th-century ranch and winery business records, and an early 1920s guest book, among other treasures. Remarkably, the majority
of documents were found in good condition. This collection is comprised of the items found in the trunk filled by August Rubel
nearly a century ago.