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Babson College's Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton: Manuscripts
mssBAB 1-53  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Administration Information
  • Biography
  • Scope and Content
  • Related materials in the Huntington Library
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Babson College's Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton: Manuscripts
    Dates: 1660-1750
    Date (bulk): (bulk 1660-1726)
    Collection Number: mssBAB 1-53
    Creator: Newton, Isaac, 1642-1727
    Extent: 8 boxes 54 items
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
    The Huntington Library
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2191
    Fax: (626) 449-3477
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: Babson College's Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton: Manuscripts contains research notes, correspondence, and documents of Isaac Newton. The collection also includes correspondence and legal documents related to Newton written by his contemporaries.
    Language of Material: The records are primarily in English and Latin, with a few items in French.

    Administration Information

    RESTRICTED. Available with curatorial approval. Requires extended retrieval and delivery time.
    Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining permission rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of Item], Babson College's Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Acquisition Information

    On long-term loan: Babson College's Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton, November 2006.

    Biography

    Sir Isaac Newton, an English polymath, is one of the most influential scientists of all time. His Principia Naturalis Principia Mathematica of 1687 set forth a new system of the world based on universal gravitation, and revolutionized the study of physics, mechanics and astronomy. Newton discovered the principles of the calculus before he was 25 years of age (along with co-discoverer Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz). He also made fundamental contributions to optics, including the nature of light and color, and the invention of the first practical reflecting telescope.
    Newton devoted an extensive amount of research to theology and the Bible, as well as chemistry and alchemy. He kept most of these studies hidden from his contemporaries, who were largely unaware of his deep interest in these subjects.
    Newton was the second Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge from 1669 to 1702. He also held the office of Master of the Royal Mint from 1669 until his death in 1727. He was President of the Royal Society from 1703 until 1727.

    Note

    Cataloger's Notes
    Babson numbers from the Catalogue of the Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton (1950) and printed supplements (1955; 2002) are located at the end of each item's title in the finding aid's container list.

    Scope and Content

    Most of the manuscripts in this collection came from Sotheby's 1936 Portsmouth sale of Newton's papers. They include correspondence, research notes, and documents, over 30 of which are in Newton's hand. The collection demonstrates the wide range of Newton's activities: his extensive studies of alchemy and theology, his work for the Royal Mint and the Royal Society, as well as his personal records. Highlights include: "A Treatise or Remarks on Solomon's Temple," with commentary and six sketches of plans and architectural details drawn by Newton, "Praxis," considered one of his most important alchemical manuscripts, and an illustrated alchemical text picturing the Philosopher's Stone. Another notable manuscript is "Lib. Chem," Newton's inventory of over 100 alchemical books in his personal library, with shelf marks.
    The collection also contains correspondence and documents written by Newton's contemporaries. Of particular note is a letter from Gottfried Leibniz to Nicolas Bernoulli written in June 1713, in which Leibniz entreats Bernoulli to help justify his claim to priority over Newton in the discovery of the calculus.

    Arrangement

    The collection maintains the arrangement in which it was received from The Burndy Library at The Dibner Institute for the History of Science. Items are arranged in the following order:
    Boxes 1–4: Manuscripts, arranged sequentially according to the Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton catalog numbers.
    Boxes 5-7: Oversize Manuscripts, arranged sequentially according to the Grace K. Babson Collection of the Works of Sir Isaac Newton catalog numbers.
    Box 8: A Treatise or Remarks on Solomon's Temple.

    Related materials in the Huntington Library

    Indexing Terms

    Personal Names

    Newton, Isaac, 1642-1727
    Bernoulli, Nicolas, 1687-1759
    Biot, Jean-Baptiste, 1774-1862
    Brougham and Vaux, Henry Brougham, Baron, 1778-1868
    Castillon, Jean, 1708-1791
    De Mairan, Dortous, 1678-1771
    Flamsteed, John, 1646-1719
    George, Prince, consort of Anne, Queen of Great Britain, 1653-1708
    Hevelius, Johannes, 1611-1687
    Hooke, Robert, 1635-1703
    Jacquier, Francois, 1711-1788
    Le Neve, Peter, 1661-1729
    Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Freiherr von, 1646-1716
    Maupertius, 1698-1759
    Menshikov, Alexsandr Danilovich, 1673-1729
    Newton, John, 1651-1734
    Oldenburg, Henry, approximately 1615-1677

    Corporate Names

    Great Britain. Royal Mint
    Royal Society (Great Britain)

    Subjects

    Alchemy - Early works to 1800
    Coinage - Great Britain - Early works to 1800
    Liturgics - Early works to 1800
    Metals - Early works to 1800
    Minerals - Early works to 1800
    Theology, Doctrinal - Early works to 1800

    Geographic Names

    Great Britain - History - 17th century
    Great Britain - History - 18th century

    Genre

    Correspondence
    Documents
    Notes
    Trade cards (advertising)