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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biography
  • OFFSITE STORAGE
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Related Materials
  • Acquisition Information
  • Digital Content

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Winfred Emory Allen Papers
    Identifier/Call Number: SMC 0023
    Contributing Institution: Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego
    9500 Gilman Drive
    La Jolla, California, 92093-0175
    Languages: English
    Physical Description: 7.5 Linear feet (4 cartons and 9 archives boxes)
    Date (inclusive): 1893-1942
    Abstract: Papers of Winfred Emory Allen, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) biologist. The collection consists of personal and professional correspondence, research data, newspaper features, manuscripts, Allen's writings on and about SIO, and photographs.
    Creator: Allen, Winfred Emory, 1873-1947

    Biography

    Winfred Emory Allen (1873-1947) was a biologist at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He received his Bachelor of Letters degree from Earlham College in 1898. In 1904, Allen received his A.M. degree from Lawrence College. From 1905 to 1908, Allen worked at Nebraska State Normal School, Kearney, Nebraska. From 1910 to 1911, he served as an assistant zoology instructor at the University of Illinois.
    In 1912, Allen became the head of the department of biology at Stockton High School in Stockton, California, and served in this role until 1916. During that time, he collected data for his first major work on the plankton of the San Joaquin River. He was also working on his Ph.D. in Biology at the University of California in Berkeley, under Charles Atwood Kofoid, but he did not complete it. His research on plankton attracted the attention of the director of the Scripps Institution, William E. Ritter, and he invited Allen to Scripps.
    In 1919, Allen began his work at Scripps. He focused exclusively on quantitative studies of marine phytoplankton in the waters off of southern California. He devised phytoplankton collection methods, and invented a closing bottle called the Allen bottle, which made it possible to make catches at numerous depths in a short time. Allen also wrote press releases for Scripps Institution, as well as a newspaper column in the La Jolla Light entitled "Scripps Institution News."
    From 1917 to 1942, Allen wrote feature articles on biology for a number of different California newspapers. He sought to make scientific concepts accessible to those without a background in science, and he saw his newspaper features as the platform to accomplish that goal. Allen retired from the Scripps Institution in 1943 and remained professor emeritus until 1946. He died on September 20, 1947, in Santa Paula, Calif.

    OFFSITE STORAGE

    COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. ALLOW ONE WEEK FOR RETRIEVAL OF MATERIALS. Boxes 1-4 (SRLF). Boxes 5-13 (SIO Archives).

    Publication Rights

    Publication rights are held by the creator of the collection.

    Preferred Citation

    Winfred Emory Allen Papers. SMC 23. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Papers of Winfred Emory Allen, an early Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) biologist who specialized in the collection and study of plankton. The papers consist of personal and professional correspondence, Allen's research data, newspaper features, manuscripts, Allen's writings on and about SIO, and photographs. The collection is noteworthy for its correspondence between Allen and other early SIO researchers, and Allen's frank opinions on the research program and administration of the campus, as recorded in his letters, memoranda, and press releases. It also includes some ephemera and photographs of the La Jolla area from 1919 through the mid-1930s.
    The papers are arranged in five series: 1) DATA FILES, 2) CORRESPONDENCE AND PROFESSIONAL PAPERS, 3) SUBJECT FILES AND WRITINGS; 4) CALIFORNIA BIOLOGICAL FEATURE SERVICE, and 5) PHOTOGRAPHS.

    Related Materials

    SIO Biographical Files, SAC 5. Special Collections & Archives, UC San Diego.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired 1981-2006.

    Digital Content

    Seven photographs from this collection have been digitized and are available through links in the container list.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Allen, Winfred Emory, 1873-1947 -- Archives
    Scripps Institution of Oceanography. -- Archives
    Phytoplankton -- Research