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Fred Lockley Papers and Addenda: Finding Aid
mssLockley papers  
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Access
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note on Fred Lockley Sr.
  • Biographical Note on Fred Lockley Jr.
  • Biographical Note on Lawrence C. Lockley
  • Scope and Content
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: Fred Lockley Papers and Addenda
    Dates (inclusive): 1849-1958
    Collection Number: mssLockley papers
    Creator: Lockley, Fred, 1871-1958
    Extent: Approximately 1,400 pieces in 21 boxes
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2129
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: This collection consists of the papers of Oregon historian and Pacific Monthly editor Fred Lockley Jr. (1871-1958) and his father, newspaper editor Frederic E. Lockley Sr. (1824-1905), as well as some family papers. Includes the memoirs, Civil War diary and letters, and later correspondence and observations from Salt Lake City of Fred Lockley Sr. The collection also includes correspondence and business papers related to the Pacific Monthly magazine, including letters concerning literary figures such as Jack London, Edwin Markham, and others. There are also materials related to Oregon history.
    Language: English.


    Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item]. Fred Lockley Papers and Addenda, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.


    Gift and purchase of Fred Lockley, 1947-1959, gift of Lawrence Lockley, 1959-1960, and purchase from L & T Respess Books, 1992.

    Biographical Note on Fred Lockley Sr.

    Frederick E. Lockley Sr. (1824-1905) was born in England and came to the United States in 1848. He worked for Frank Leslie's Illustrated News and Horace Greeley's Tribune before joining the Union forces during the Civil War in 1862. After the war, he joined the staff of the Cleveland Leader, and in 1869, moved to Leavenworth, Kansas, and worked on the Evening Bulletin. There he attended an Indian Council at Ocmulgee (Oklahoma) and became interested in Indian affairs. His letters and articles were published in the New York World, Lippincott's Magazine, the Overland, and many other periodicals. He became editor of the Salt Lake City Tribune in 1872. After a brief time with the San Francisco Tribune, he went to Butte, Montana, to edit the Inter-Mountain, before moving to Arkansas City, Kansas, to edit the Traveler. In 1888, Lockley settled in Salem, Oregon, to edit the Capital Journal. After 1899, he spent the remainder of his life in Missoula, Montana. He died in 1905, while visiting his son, Frederick E. Lockley Jr. (1871-1958), in Salem, Oregon.

    Biographical Note on Fred Lockley Jr.

    Frederick E. Lockley Jr. (1871-1958) was an Oregon historian, editor and rare book dealer. He first gained prominence as editor and manager of the Pacific Monthly (1907-11). Lockley was born in Leavenworth, Kansas, on March 19, 1871, and moved with his family to the various towns in the American West where his father, Frederic E. Lockley Sr. (1871-1958), was employed as a newspaper editor. During his boyhood, he worked on the newspapers edited by his father--as carrier-boy on the Butte Inter-Mountain, printer's devil on the Arkansas City Traveler, and later, as compositor, pressman, reporter, and circulation manager on the Capital Journal at Salem, and still later, as field agent, collector and solicitor on the Oregon Statesman and Pacific Homestead. He was also circulation manager and part owner of the East Oregonian of Pendleton, Oregon. Around 1907, Lockley began work with the Pacific Monthly. He wrote for the Pacific Monthly, as well as for other magazines including American Magazine and Youth's Companion. In 1911, Lockley joined the staff of the Portland newspaper, the Oregon Journal, as a columnist and feature writer. He entered the service during World War I and served with the Y.M.C.A. in front line work at Amiens and Abbeville on the British Front. Upon his return, he continued with the Oregon Journal, and wrote books on Oregon history. During these years, he also conducted a book business specializing in Western books and manuscripts, which he continued until his death in 1958.

    Biographical Note on Lawrence C. Lockley

    Lawrence Campbell Lockley (1899-1969) was the son of Frederick E. Lockley Jr. (1871-1958). He taught English before changing fields and becoming a market analyst for such firms as Du Pont and Curtis Publishing Company. He later became dean of the School of Commerce at the University of Southern California and professor of Business Administration at the University of Santa Clara.

    Scope and Content

    The collection consists of the papers gathered by Fred Lockley Jr. (1871-1958), his own papers, and those of his father, Frederic E. Lockley Sr. (1824-1905).
    The papers of Fred E. Lockley (1824-1905) contain his memoirs, his Civil War diary, letters to his wife written from the field during the Civil War, letters from Kansas concerning Indian affairs (1871-72), correspondence with Eastern editors, and letters from Salt Lake City about Mormons and Mormonism (1873) and his observations of the trial of John D. Lee (1875).
    The papers of Fred E. Lockley, Jr. (1871-1958) contain items relating to the Pacific Monthly magazine, including letters concerning literary figures such as Jack London, Edwin Markham, and others. There are also business papers, and a record book of payments made to contributes to the Pacific monthly from 1907-1911. Lockley's papers also contain his interviews with Oregon pioneers and items he collected regarding Oregon history, mainly pertaining to land titles.
    Correspondents in the collection include: Clarence Bagley, Frederick R. Bechdolt, Maynard Dixon, George Wharton James, David Starr Jordan, Charmian London, Lute Pease (appears in the collection as both an author and addressee), Giffort Pinchot, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., and Charles Warren Stoddard.
    Addenda #1 is made up of 88 items (three boxes) consisting of volumes, manuscripts, correspondence, and ephemera. The 19 volumes consist of account books, diaries, notes for stories, etc. Most of the volumes belong to Fred Lockley. Also includes two diaries by Fred's wife Laura and a scrapbook belonging to his father, Fred E. Lockley. The manuscripts include drafts of stories by Fred Lockley and his notes. There are also a few manuscripts by other writers including Fred's son Lawrence. The correspondence includes letters by Fred Lockley, his mother, Oregon politician Oliver C. Applegate, Secretary of Navy Josephus Daniels, Herbert Hoover, while he was head of the U.S. Food Administration, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Edith Roosevelt, and Fred's son Lawrence. There are also several pieces of ephemera.
    Addenda #2 consists of 14 letters. Prominent participants include: Fred Lockley, Fred's father Fred E. Lockley, General George R. Maxwell, Senator James Madison Harvey, Judge James B. McKean, Judge Jacob S. Boreman, Utah newspaper man George W. Reed, and Utah businessman and politician Herbert S. Auerbach. Subjects include: Salt Lake City, Portland, California history, Mormons, Brigham Young, John D. Lee and newspapers in Oregon and Utah.
    Some notable items include:
    • Colfax, Schuyler. To the Salt Lake City Tribune. 1878 July 5. Box 6
    • Colfax, Schuyler. To Frederic E. Lockley Sr. 1878 July 19. Box 6
    • Dixon, Maynard. Letters to Arno Dosch, Lute Pease, Washington Magazine, and to William Bittle Wells. 8 letters, 1906-1909. Box 10 (Folders 12-16)
    • Eames, Ninetta. To Lute Pease. 1908 April 11 and 20. 2 letters re Jack London. Box 10 (Folder 28)
    • Finley, William L. To Eliza (London) Shepard and Jack London. 3 letters, 1912. Box 10 (Folders 45-47)
    • Forbes, Alexander. To William Forbes. 1849 November 8. Letter re overland journey to California, life in the mines and work at Benecia. Box 10 (Folder 54)
    • Hall, Charlotte. To Frederic E. Lockley Jr. 1936 October 11 and 21 re first printing press in Oregon brought from the Hawaiian Islands. Box 10 (Folder 74)
    • Lockley, Frederic E. Sr. "Memoirs of an Unsuccessful Man." [After 1901] Box 1
    • Lockley, Frederic E. Sr. Civil War Diary. 1864. Box 4
    • Lockley, Frederic E. Sr. To Elizabeth Metcalf (Campbell) Lockley. 1871 June 8. Letter re Indian Council at Ocmulgee, Oklahoma. Box 6
    • Lockley, Frederic E. Sr. To Elizabeth Metcalf (Campbell) Lockley. 1872. 15 letters re Indian Affairs. Box 6
    • Lockley, Frederic E. Sr. To Elizabeth Metcalf (Campbell) Lockley. 1873. 16 letters re Mormons and Mormonism. Box 6
    • Lockley, Frederic E. Sr. To Elizabeth Metcalf (Campbell) Lockley. 1875. 7 letters re the trial of John Doyle Lee. Box 6
    • London, Charmian (Kittredge). To Frederic E. Lockley Jr., Hope (Gans) Lockley, and Lute Pease. 9 letters. 1909. Box 11 (Folders 39-41)
    • London, Jack. To Frederic E. Lockley Jr. and Lute Pease. 3 letters. 1909-1913. Box 11 (Folders 42-43)
    • Markham, Anna Catherine (Murphy). To Frederic E. Lockley Jr. 1921 May 3. Contains biographical sketch of Edwin Markham. Box 12 (Folder 10)
    • Markham, Edwin. To Frederic E. Lockley Jr. 2 letters, 1922 and 1926. Box 12 (Folder 11)
    • Marquis, Donald Robert Perry. To Lute Pease. 3 letters, 1907-1909. Box 10 (Folder 12)
    • Miller, Frank Augustus. To Frederic E. Lockley Jr. 8 letters, 1920-1933. Mainly re the Belgian Cross from Amiens for Mount Rubidoux in Riverside, California. Box 12 (Folder 54)
    • Pacific Monthly business record. Box 8
    • Pacific Monthly. To Ladd & Tilton Bank. 1908 September 12. Box 12 (Folder 47)
    • Pease, Lute. To Jack London. 2 letters, 1909-1911. Box 12 (Folder 47)
    • Pease, Lute. To George Sterling. 1908 June 26. Letter re Jack London and the Overland. Box 12 (Folder 55)
    • Stoddard, Charles Warren. To John Fleming Wilson and Lute Pease. 5 letters, 1907. Box 13 (Folders 41-42)
    • Bogart, Nancy M. (Hembree) Snow. Reminiscences of journey across the plains in 1843 with Dr. Marcus Whitman's caravan and early life in Oregon. After 1910. Box 14 (Folder 3)
    • Willard, Frances. To Elizabeth Metcalf (Campbell) Lockley. 1880 November 10. Box 5


    Arranged in the following order:
    • 1. Papers related to Frederic E. Lockley Sr., 1824-1905 (Boxes 1-7)
    • 2. Papers related to Fred Lockley Jr., 1871-1950 (Boxes 8-13)
    • 3. Manuscripts (Boxes 14-16)
    • 4. Legal papers (Box 17)
    • 5. Addenda #1 (Boxes 18-20)
    • 6. Addenda #2 (Box 21)

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  


    Lockley, Fred, 1871-1958.
    Lockley, Fred E.
    London, Jack, 1876-1916.
    Lee, John D. (John Doyle), 1812-1877 -- Trials, litigation, etc.
    Markham, Edwin, 1852-1940.
    Young, Brigham, 1801-1877.
    Pacific Monthly.
    Authors, American -- 19th century -- Correspondence.
    Authors, American -- 20th century -- Correspondence.
    Editors -- West (U.S.) -- Correspondence.
    Indians of North America -- Kansas.
    Journalists -- United States -- Correspondence.
    Mormons -- Utah.
    Pioneers -- Oregon.
    California -- History -- 19th century.
    Oregon -- History -- 19th century.
    Portland (Or.) -- History.
    Salt Lake City (Utah) -- History.
    Salt Lake City (Utah) -- Newspapers -- Sources.
    Utah -- History -- 19th century.
    United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Personal narratives.


    Diaries -- United States.
    Letters (correspondence) -- United States.
    Manuscripts -- United States.
    Personal papers -- United States.

    Additional Contributors

    Applegate, O. C. (Oliver Cromwell), 1845-1938.
    Auerbach, Herbert S. (Herbert Samuel), 1882-1945, recipient.
    Bagley, Clarence, 1843-1932.
    Bechdolt, Frederick R. (Frederick Ritchie), 1874-1950.
    Boreman, Jacob Smith, 1831-1913.
    Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948.
    Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946.
    Harvey, James Madison, 1833-1894.
    Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964.
    James, George Wharton, 1858-1923.
    Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931.
    Lockley, Fred E.
    Lockley, Lawrence Campbell, 1899-.
    London, Charmian.
    Maxwell, George R., 1842-1889.
    McKean, Jas. B. (James Bedell), 1821-1879.
    Pease, Lute, 1869-1963.
    Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946.
    Reed, George W.
    Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948.
    Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944.
    Stoddard, Charles Warren, 1843-1909.