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One Inc. Magazine Collection
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Collection Overview
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The One Inc. Magazine Collection 1953-1982 (Bulk: 1953-1967) includes One Institute Quarterly: Homophile Studies (1958-1965); Mattachine Review (1956-1962); and One Magazine (1953-1967, 1972), as well as miscellaneous bibliographies and articles. One Inc. was founded in 1952 and in 1953 incorporated as a “…non-political and non-sectarian organization concerned with the interests of the millions of homosexual American men and women.” According to the articles of incorporation their primary goal was “…to publish and disseminate a magazine dealing primarily with homosexuality from a scientific, historical and critical point of view, and to aid in the social integration and rehabilitation of the sexual variant." In 1994, One Inc. shifted from an educational organization to become an archives and library. ONE Inc. and the International Gay and Lesbian Archives merged by the end of the year under the title of ONE Institute, and is now known as ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives.
During the 1950s the American homophile movement emerged in California, providing a public forum for gay and lesbian expression through various organizations and through publications. The three most prominent groups at this time included: Mattachine Society, a gay-male oriented organization, Daughters of Bilitis, a lesbian organization, and One Inc., a mix-sex based organization. Each of these groups produced newsletters and magazines that provided educational resources and a platform for communication among members, and helped to address the silence and isolation that many homosexuals experienced in society. The magazines appeared on newsstands across the U.S. and were available through subscriptions. One Magazine released its first issue in January 1953, Mattachine debuted in 1954, and Homophile Studies was first published in 1958. The contents included short stories on heterosexual love, poetry, book reviews, scholarly articles, and in some cases included sexually graphic artwork, cartoons, and magazine covers.
2 boxes (2.0 linear ft.)
Copyright has not been assigned to the San José State University Library Special Collections & Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the SJSU Special Collections & Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader. Copyright restrictions also apply to digital reproductions of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.
The collection is open for research.