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Loeb (Arthur Lee) papers
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Acquisition Information
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biographical note
  • Scope and Contents
  • Access to Collection
  • Selected Bibliography

  • Language of Material: English
    Contributing Institution: Department of Special Collections and University Archives
    Title: Arthur Lee Loeb papers,
    Identifier/Call Number: M1590
    Physical Description: 54.75 Linear Feet (105 manuscript boxes, 3 cartons, 2 card boxes, 4 flat boxes)
    Date (inclusive): circa 1930s-2002
    Language of Material: Most of the collection is in English, some is in Dutch.
    Physical Location: Special Collections and University Archives materials are stored offsite and must be paged 36-48 hours in advance. For more information on paging collections, see the department's website: http://library.stanford.edu/spc.
    Abstract: Papers of Arthur Loeb contain correspondence, publications, presentations, textbooks related primarily to chemistry, faculty papers, material related to M.C. Escher, juvenalia, photographs, etc.

    Acquisition Information

    This collection was given by the Estate of Charlotte I. Loeb to Stanford University, Special Collections in 2007.

    Publication Rights

    All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, California 94305-6064. Consent is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission from the copyright owner. Such permission must be obtained from the copyright owner, heir(s) or assigns. See: http://library.stanford.edu/spc/using-collections/permission-publish.
    Restrictions also apply to digital representations of the original materials. Use of digital files is restricted to research and educational purposes.

    Preferred Citation

    [identification of item], Arthur Lee Loeb papers (M1590). Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives, Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, Calif.

    Biographical note

    Arthur Lee Loeb was a scientist and crystallographer who was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands on July 13, 1923 and died in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 2002.
    Loeb was an internationally renowned leader in the field of design science. Throughout his career, he successfully combined the worlds of science and art, devising a language of spatial patterns that he described as "Visual Mathematics." He arrived in America in 1940 after fleeing his native Holland on the first day of the Nazi occupation. He was admitted to the University of Pennsylvania at the age of 20 and went on to earn his Ph.D. in chemical physics from Harvard in 1949. His scientific career began while working on the Whirlwind computer project, in which scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology struggled to develop "core memory" for the next generation of computers. It was at M.I.T. that Loeb began to articulate a language of spatial patterns that became the central focus of his career, leading to lifelong collaborations with such innovators as R. Buckminster Fuller and M.C. Escher.
    Loeb was a founder of the International Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Symmetry (ISIS-Symmetry), and was the Society's first Vice-President and later Chairman of the Advisory Board. [From the Harvard Gazette and Wikipedia]

    Scope and Contents

    The papers have been minimally processed and arranged in 10 series: Series 1. Correspondence, Series 2. Publications, Series 3. Faculty/Coursework, Series 4. MC. Escher, Series 5. Miscellaneous, Series 6. General files, Series 7. Associations/Conferences/Bulletins, Series 8. Academic Juvenalia, Series 9. Born-Digital Materials, and Series 10. Oversize materials.
    Series 1, Correspondence, is arranged in two alphabetical sequences.
    Series 2, Publications, consists primarily of articles and books by Arthur Loeb, but includes some by Buckminster Fuller and others.
    Series 3, Faculty/Coursework, primarily relates to the Harvard University Visual and Environmental Studies Department. It includes correspondence, committees, curriculum review, exhibisitions, Task Forces and reports, lectures, etc.
    Series 4, M.C. Escher, is primarily related to Loeb's collaborations with Escher and contains correspondence with Escher and his widow, books, exhibition announcements, postcards, and some of Loeb's essays on Escher.
    Series 5, Miscellaneous, contains punch cards (alphabetical list of references), notebooks from Legdemont Labs, files related to dance (see also "medieval misc." in Series 6), Loeb's memorial, notes of Bucky Fuller, video interview with Loeb on survivors on the holocaust, etc.
    Series 6, General Files, relate to Loeb's varied interests such as medieval era, art, and contain photographs of Loeb and his work. The folders titled "medieval misc." contain files on medieval and renaissance dances as Loeb was interested in the symmetry and repeating patterns.
    Series 7, Associations/Conferences/Bulletins, contains materials primarily related to the American Crystallographic Association.
    Series 8, Academic Juvenalia, contains a diary from 1940, schook notebooks, papers, textbooks, etc.
    Series 9, Born-Digital Materials, are CLOSED until processed.
    Series 10, Oversize Materials, consist of paste-ups for Loeb's books and articles as well as photographs of his models.

    Access to Collection

    The materials are open for research use. Audio-visual materials are not available in original format, and must be reformatted to a digital use copy. Series 10. Born-digital materials is CLOSED until data is fully accessioned and processed.

    Selected Bibliography

    Fuller, R. Buckminster, and E. J. Applewhite. Synergetics : Explorations In the Geometry of Thinking. New York: Macmillan, 1974.
    Harris, Louis, and Arthur L Loeb. Introduction to Wave Mechanics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963.
    Kepes, Gyorgy. Module, Proportion, Symmetry, Rhythm. New York: G. Braziller, 1966.
    Loeb, Arthur L. Color and Symmetry. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1971.
    Loeb, Arthur L. Concepts & Images: Visual Mathematics. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1993.
    Loeb, Arthur L. The Electrical Double Layer Around a Spherical Colloid Particle: Computation of the Potential, Charge Density, and Free Energy of the Electrical Double Layer Around a Spherical Colloid Particle . Cambridge: Massachussetts Institute of Technology, 1961.
    Loeb, Arthur L. A n Interionic Attraction Theory For Regions of Solutions Near Phase Boundaries and An Analysis of Langmuir's Theory Of Repulsion Between High Potential Surfaces In A Solution . Harvard University, 1949 [thesis]
    Loeb, Arthur L. Space Structures: Their Harmony & Counterpoint. Reading: Addison Wesley, 1976 ; Boston: Birkhäuser, 1991.
    Malina, Frank J. Visual Art, Mathematics and Computers : Selections From the Journal Leonardo. Oxford: Pergamon, 1979.
    Senechal, Marjorie and George Fleck. Shaping Space: A Polyhedral Approach. Boston: Birkhäuser, 1987 [series editor preface]
    White, Alvin M. Interdisciplinary Teaching. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1981.
    Wrinch, Dorothy, and Marjorie Senechal. Structures of Matter and Patterns In Science : Inspired by the Work and Life of Dorothy Wrinch, 1894-1976. Cambridge, Mass.: Schenkman , 1980.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Personal narratives
    Harvard University -- Environmental Studies
    Crystals -- Structure
    Symmetry (Physics)
    Crystallography, Mathamatical
    System theory
    Mathematics -- Philosophy.
    Mathematics, Design
    Edmonson, Amy C.
    Lima-de-Faria, J. (José)
    Skinner, B. F. (Burrhus Frederic)
    Estate of Charlotte I. Loeb
    Senechal, Marjorie
    Swirnoff, Lois
    Kepes, Gyorgy
    Applewhite, E. J.
    Escher, M.C. (Maurits Cornelis),
    Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster)