Mansfield Lovell Papers mssML

Gayle Richardson
The Huntington Library
June 2020
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108

Contributing Institution: The Huntington Library
Title: Mansfield Lovell papers
Creator: Lovell, Mansfield, 1822-1884
Identifier/Call Number: mssML
Physical Description: 12 Linear Feet (10 boxes and 9 volumes )
Date (inclusive): 1835-1886
Date (bulk): 1862-1865
Abstract: A collection of material related to the life and military career of Confederate general Mansfield Lovell.
Language of Material: Materials are in English.

Conditions Governing Access

Open for use by qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact Reader Services at the Huntington Library for more information.

Conditions Governing Use

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. Mansfield Lovell papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from Parker Haydon Company, April 1934.

Biographical / Historical

Mansfield Lovell (1822-1884) was a United States Civil War Confederate General. Lovell was born in Washington, D.C., the son Dr. Joseph Lovell, the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army. In 1842, Lovell graduated from West Point, and then served in the Mexican War; he married Emily Plympton in 1849, and had several children. In 1854, Lovell resigned from the army and worked at an iron works in Trenton, New Jersey; he later moved to New York and served as Deputy Street Commissioner. In September 1861, he resigned this position to join the Confederate Army. Appointed Major General on October 7, 1861, he was put in command of Department No. 1, in charge of the defenses of New Orleans; after failing to prevent the capture of New Orleans in April 1862, Lovell commanded a corps at Corinth, Mississippi, October 3-4, 1862, and in December fought at Coffeeville, Mississippi. In December 1862, Lovell was relieved of his command for the loss of New Orleans. Although a court of inquiry that he had requested cleared him of any fault, Lovell's military career suffered, and his loyalty to the Confederacy was questioned. He had no further command assignments but served as Joseph E. Johnston's volunteer staff officer until the end of the war. After the war, Lovell unsuccessfully attempted to operate a rice plantation in Georgia, and then returned to New York where he worked as a civil engineer, and surveyor; he died June 1, 1884.

Scope and Contents

A collection of 422 items from 1835 to 1886, it consists of military, personal, and family papers of Mansfield Lovell. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, dispatches, communications, reports, and other military records accumulated by Lovell during his military career, particularly his command of Department No. 1. Correspondents include Judah P. Benjamin, Johnson K. Duncan, Joseph E. Johnston, and others. Also included are Lovell's letter books, special and general order books, and items relating to Lovell's Court of Inquiry. The collection also includes a group of manuscripts dealing with Lovell's Mexican War experience, including his journals from 1848 to 1849, correspondence, memoranda, and other items. Personal and family papers include letters to Mansfield Lovell from his brother Joseph Lovell written from Yale, Williams College, Poughkeepsie Collegiate School, and elsewhere from 1836 to 1847, Lovell's valedictory address at West Point, notes on travel in Virginia, New York, and Canada from 1842 to 1843, correspondence between Mansfield Lovell and Emily Plympton Lovell from 1862 to 1863, and miscellaneous papers dealing with the family property.

Processing Information

Processed by Huntington Library Staff, circa 1920. In 2020, Gayle Richardson created the finding aid derived from a legacy summary report.


Arranged chronologically.


Individual call numbers included in the collection: mssML 1-422.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Courts-martial and courts of inquiry -- Confederate States of America
Generals -- Confederate States of America
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Confederate States of America -- History -- Sources
New Orleans (La.) -- History -- Capture, 1862
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Diaries -- United States -- 19th century
Family papers -- United States -- 19th century
Letters (correspondence) -- Confederate States of America
Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 19th century
Military records -- Confederate States of America
Personal papers -- United States -- 19th century
Benjamin, J.P. (Judah Philip), 1811-1884
Duncan, Johnson Kelly, 1827-1862
Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891
Lovell, Emily Plympton
Lovell, Joseph, active 1837-1843
Confederate States of America. Army

Box 1


Box 2

1850-1861 October

Box 3

1861 November-1862 February

Box 4

1862 March-April

Box 5

1862 May-September

Box 6

1862 October-1863 March

Box 7

1863 April-1864

Box 8


Box 9


Box 10

Military vouchers Confederate States of America Army Dept. No. 1

Volume 1

Letter book ML 421 1862 May 14-1865 May 27

Volume 2

Letter book ML 422 v. 1 1861 November 28-1862 March 22

Volume 3

Letter book ML 422 v. 2 1862 March 22-April

Volume 4

Letter book ML 420 1861 April 16-1862 May 14

Volume 5

Letter book with copies of some Special Orders ML 419 1861 April 22-1865 May 18

Volume 6

Special Order book, Nos. 1-148, New Orleans, Richmond, etc. ML 416 1861 April 16-1862 June 21

Volume 7

General Order book ML 415 1861 April 16-1865 May 6

Volume 8

Telegram book ML 418 1861 June 18-1862 May 16

Volume 9

Telegram book - Official record from Dept. 1 Headquarters ML 417 1861 April 22-1862 September 2