Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Lovell (Mansfield) Papers
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (56.06 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Conditions Governing Access
  • Conditions Governing Use
  • Preferred Citation
  • Immediate Source of Acquisition
  • Biographical / Historical
  • Scope and Contents
  • Processing Information
  • Arrangement
  • General

  • Contributing Institution: The Huntington Library
    Title: Mansfield Lovell papers
    Creator: Lovell, Mansfield, 1822-1884
    Identifier/Call Number: mssML
    Physical Description: 12 Linear Feet (10 boxes and 9 volumes )
    Date (inclusive): 1835-1886
    Date (bulk): 1862-1865
    Abstract: A collection of material related to the life and military career of Confederate general Mansfield Lovell.
    Language of Material: Materials are in English.

    Conditions Governing Access

    Open for use by qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact Reader Services at the Huntington Library for more information.

    Conditions Governing Use

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item]. Mansfield Lovell papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

    Immediate Source of Acquisition

    Purchased from Parker Haydon Company, April 1934.

    Biographical / Historical

    Mansfield Lovell (1822-1884) was a United States Civil War Confederate General. Lovell was born in Washington, D.C., the son Dr. Joseph Lovell, the Surgeon General of the U.S. Army. In 1842, Lovell graduated from West Point, and then served in the Mexican War; he married Emily Plympton in 1849, and had several children. In 1854, Lovell resigned from the army and worked at an iron works in Trenton, New Jersey; he later moved to New York and served as Deputy Street Commissioner. In September 1861, he resigned this position to join the Confederate Army. Appointed Major General on October 7, 1861, he was put in command of Department No. 1, in charge of the defenses of New Orleans; after failing to prevent the capture of New Orleans in April 1862, Lovell commanded a corps at Corinth, Mississippi, October 3-4, 1862, and in December fought at Coffeeville, Mississippi. In December 1862, Lovell was relieved of his command for the loss of New Orleans. Although a court of inquiry that he had requested cleared him of any fault, Lovell's military career suffered, and his loyalty to the Confederacy was questioned. He had no further command assignments but served as Joseph E. Johnston's volunteer staff officer until the end of the war. After the war, Lovell unsuccessfully attempted to operate a rice plantation in Georgia, and then returned to New York where he worked as a civil engineer, and surveyor; he died June 1, 1884.

    Scope and Contents

    A collection of 422 items from 1835 to 1886, it consists of military, personal, and family papers of Mansfield Lovell. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, dispatches, communications, reports, and other military records accumulated by Lovell during his military career, particularly his command of Department No. 1. Correspondents include Judah P. Benjamin, Johnson K. Duncan, Joseph E. Johnston, and others. Also included are Lovell's letter books, special and general order books, and items relating to Lovell's Court of Inquiry. The collection also includes a group of manuscripts dealing with Lovell's Mexican War experience, including his journals from 1848 to 1849, correspondence, memoranda, and other items. Personal and family papers include letters to Mansfield Lovell from his brother Joseph Lovell written from Yale, Williams College, Poughkeepsie Collegiate School, and elsewhere from 1836 to 1847, Lovell's valedictory address at West Point, notes on travel in Virginia, New York, and Canada from 1842 to 1843, correspondence between Mansfield Lovell and Emily Plympton Lovell from 1862 to 1863, and miscellaneous papers dealing with the family property.

    Processing Information

    Processed by Huntington Library Staff, circa 1920. In 2020, Gayle Richardson created the finding aid derived from a legacy summary report.


    Arranged chronologically.


    Individual call numbers included in the collection: mssML 1-422.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Courts-martial and courts of inquiry -- Confederate States of America
    Generals -- Confederate States of America
    Mexican War, 1846-1848
    Confederate States of America -- History -- Sources
    New Orleans (La.) -- History -- Capture, 1862
    United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
    Diaries -- United States -- 19th century
    Family papers -- United States -- 19th century
    Letters (correspondence) -- Confederate States of America
    Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 19th century
    Military records -- Confederate States of America
    Personal papers -- United States -- 19th century
    Benjamin, J.P. (Judah Philip), 1811-1884
    Duncan, Johnson Kelly, 1827-1862
    Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891
    Lovell, Emily Plympton
    Lovell, Joseph, active 1837-1843
    Confederate States of America. Army