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Latvia newspaper collection
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Historical Note
  • Scope and Contents
  • Arrangement Statement

  • Title: Latvia newspaper collection
    Date (inclusive): 1914-2000
    Collection Number: 2019C132
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: In Latvian, Russian, English and German
    Physical Description: 37 oversize boxes (50.3 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: The newspapers in this collection were originally collected by the Hoover Institution Library and transferred to the Archives in 2019. The Latvia newspaper collection (1914-2000) comprises thirteen different titles of publication, in Latvian, Russian, English, and German. All of the titles within this collection have been further analyzed in Stanford University Libraries catalog.
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


    The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


    Due to the assembled nature of this collection, copyright status varies across its scope. Copyright is assumed to be held by the original newspaper publications, which should be contacted wherein public domain has not yet passed. The Hoover Institution can neither grant nor deny permission to publish or reproduce materials from this collection.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Archives in 2019 from the Hoover Institution Library.

    Preferred Citation

    The following information is suggested along with your citation: [Title/Date of Publication], Latvia newspaper collection [Box no.], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Historical Note

    The Hoover Institution's collecting history regarding newspapers spans over 80 years. Newspapers became an integral core component of the "Hoover War Collection" soon after it was established in 1919 as a repository of materials on World War I and the states and societies involved in it. The subsequent widening of focus to cover the themes of "War, Revolution, and Peace" caused the collection to grow further in scope and volume into a variety of directions.
    As a result, over the course of 80 years, thousands of newspaper titles from close to a hundred different countries were collected. They document major political and historical events, such as military conflicts and wars, the collapse of political systems, states, and empires, the establishment of radical and revolutionary regimes, and the corollaries of all these developments, including economic crises, famines, and migration for political reasons.
    In 2000-2001, the Hoover Library's newspaper collection activities came to an almost complete halt. Around that time, the "realignment" of library activities and collections at Stanford saw the transfer of more than 2,000 newspaper titles from specific (mostly non-European) countries from the Hoover Library to other libraries at Stanford. Moreover, prior to the realignment, a significant but unknown volume of paper copies of newspapers (including many Russian/Soviet titles) were discarded after being microfilmed.
    In totality, the remaining paper copies of newspapers at Hoover - excluding microfilm holdings - comprise more than 5,000 unique titles, of which at least many hundreds can be considered rare or very rare. These remaining newspaper collections at Hoover contain materials dating from all periods of the 20th century, with some titles reaching back into the 19th century. While the variety and diversity of papers is considerable, most titles fall into one of three groups: 1) general daily and weekly newspapers; 2) party and propaganda newspapers; 3) newspapers addressing national or ethnic minorities, émigré newspapers, veterans' papers, professional and union papers.
    The largest number of newspaper runs include copies from the first half of the 20th century. Newspapers from this period illuminate in particular the two world wars and their consequences as well as political, social, and economic developments in Europe and beyond, including the rise of Socialist, right-wing, and Fascist ideologies and movements. Among the late 20th century holdings, a significant number of papers reflect political change in various regions, most prominently the end of Socialist and Communist regimes in Eastern Europe, but also revolutionary or radical political movements in non-European states, e.g. in Latin America.
    Very few holdings of individual newspaper titles possess complete or near-complete runs. However, in cases of gaps, supplementation can sometimes be found in the form of microfilm copies available at the Hoover Library or holdings at Stanford University Libraries.

    Scope and Contents

    The Latvia newspaper collection (1914-2000) consists of ninety (90) newspapers and thirteen (13) unique titles of publication, in Latvian, Russian, English, and German. The collection also contains émigré titles.
    The titles, publication information, and Hoover-held date ranges are: 1. Атмода : издание НФЛ "Пробуждение" [Atmoda : izdanie NFL ''Probuzhdenie'']. (Riga : NFL, 1988-1991); 2. Baltische Heimat. (Riga, 1919); 3. Baltische Zeitung. (Riga : Ruetz, 1918-1919, 1918); 4. Briva Latvija : apvienotā Londonas avīze un Latvija = Lettische Zeitung. (Münster : Volksgem, 1986-2018, 1986-2000); 5. Laika griežos : Latviešu karavīru dienas laikraksts. (Cedelghēmā : Latviešu 1. divīzijas Aprūpības daļa, 1945-, 1946); 6. Latviešu ziņas = Latvian news. (Heidenheim: Latviešu kolonija Heidenheimā, 1945); 7. Latvijas kareivis. (Rīga : Armijás Spiestuve, 1920); 8. Pilsonis : Latvijas Republikas Pilsoņu kongresa Latvijas komitejas laikraksts. (Rīgā : Pilsonis, 1990-1992, 1990-1992); 9. The Riga times. (Riga, Latvia : Association of Latvian Merchants (British Section), 1925-1928, 1925); 10. Rigasche Rundschau. (Riga : Rigasche Rundschau, 1915); 11. Rigaer Tageblatt. (Riga, 1914-1915); 12. Rigasche Zeitung. (Riga, 1915, 1917-1919); 13. Waldības wehstnesis. (Rīgā, 1920-1923,1936-1939).
    Further analyzed title information can be found in Stanford University Libraries catalog.

    Arrangement Statement

    The Latvia newspaper collection has been organized into thirteen (13) series, for each title within the collection. The titles, publication information, and Hoover-held date ranges can be found within the series level of each title.
    You will also notice a string of numbers within the series information. These numbers represent the library catalog ID for that particular newspaper title. If input into Stanford's library catalog you will be directed to the full catalog record. We have preserved this information within our finding aid for both the benefit and ease of the researcher, as well as our intention to utilize it via automated linking in the future.
    The materials in this collection are part of an Offsite Move Project spanning 2018-2019. The items were acquired from the Hoover Institution Library as "news collections" and were originally housed, unboxed, on shelves via their call number (normally a country) and ordered alphabetically by title. In some cases, newspapers were not assigned a particular country, but instead a language designation.
    Upon transfer to the Archives, the collection's materials were housed in archival boxes according to size, and afforded item level descriptive information. Intellectual arrangement was then imposed to each collection both alphabetically by title and chronologically by date. When searching for a title alphabetically it is important to remember that all initial articles, particularly ones used in varying languages, are excluded in alphabetical arrangement, and the title is organized based on the first word (despite the initial article still remaining at the beginning of the title). The formatting of the dates preserves the packet title holdings information, which was the format used by Hoover Library Staff for decades. As a result, some dates may appear out of order by month. In the 1980s, Hoover grew less detailed in their capturing of holdings information, resulting in generalized statements of "many issues missing" or sometimes not recording a missing issue at all.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Latvian newspapers