Photographs (Forty-four) Illustrating General Sherman's Campaigns in Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia, 1864: from the negatives in the possession of the War Department, U.S.A., 1877 photCL 309

Suzanne Oatey
The Huntington Library
March 2021
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108

Contributing Institution: The Huntington Library Photo Archives
Title: Photographs (forty-four) illustrating General Sherman's campaigns in Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia, 1864: from the negatives in the possession of the War Department, U.S.A., 1877
Identifier/Call Number: photCL 309
Physical Description: 1 Volume (39 photographs in 1 disbound album)
Date: 1864; prints made 1877
Abstract: An album of 39 albumen photographs of the aftermath of Civil War battles in Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia, 1864.
Material Specific Details: Title transcribed from item. Though the title states 44, this album was received with only 39 photographs.
Language of Material: Materials are in English.

Conditions Governing Access

Open for use by qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact Reader Services at the Huntington Library for more information.

Conditions Governing Use

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. photCL 309, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from Gertrude M. Nicholson, through the agency of Robert O. Schad, September 1922.

Biographical / Historical

John Page Nicholson (1842-1921) was a Civil War veteran and collector. From 1861 to 1865, he served as regimental quartermaster with the 28th Pennsylvania Infantry regiment. After the war, he returned to Philadelphia and started collecting Civil War books, manuscripts, and photographs. He also translated and edited two volumes of Comte de Paris' History of the Civil War in America. From 1885 to 1922, he served as recorder in chief of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, and was Secretary of the Board of Commissioners of Gettysburg Monument.

Scope and Contents

An album of 39 photographs taken in 1864, documenting locations of Civil War battles and various scenes of destruction in Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia. Views include battlefields; ruins of buildings, particularly in Atlanta; foxholes and trenches; hills; roads; bridges; and farms. Union soldiers appear in several of the photographs, some holding guns or standing at lookouts. The album, now disbound, has a hand-inked title page and the first leaf is signed "John P. Nicholson, 9-24-1879." The spine of the original binding reads: "Sherman's March - Photographs." Though uncredited, the photographs were made by George N. Barnard, a U.S. army photographer based in Tennessee. This set of albumen prints was made from the original glass negatives in 1877. The prints are approximately 11 x 14 1/2 inches, and are mounted on boards, with hand-lettered titles below. See finding aid for full list of titles.

Processing Information

Album was disbound and rehoused by Conservation Department in 1995. In 2021, Suzanne Oatey created a finding aid derived from a collection file.


Many of these photographs were published in "Photographic Views of Sherman's Campaign: from negatives taken in the field by Geo. N. Barnard, official photographer of the military div. of the Mississippi ... " (1866).

Related Materials

John Page Nicholson papers and Civil War collection, mssNI 1-990. Additional volumes of photographs from the Nicholson collection: photCL 302, photCL 303, photCL 304, photCL 305, photCL 306, photCL 307, photCL 308.


Former call number: RB 70524.

Custodial History

This album was received as part of the Nicholson collection of papers, manuscripts and books related to the Civil War.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Atlanta Campaign, 1864
Sherman's March to the Sea
Soldiers -- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Alabama -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Georgia -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Tennessee -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Battlefields
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns
Photograph albums
Nicholson, John P. (John Page), 1842- -- former owner
Barnard, George N., 1819-1902

Box 1

Photographs (forty-four) illustrating General Sherman's campaigns in Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia, 1864: from the negatives in the possession of the War Department, U.S.A., 1877

Scope and Contents

  • p. 1. Title page
  • p. 2. Inside leaf
  • p. 3. Whiteside Valley below the Bridge
  • p. 4. Chattanooga from the Water
  • p. 5. Orchard Knob from Mission Ridge
  • p. 6. Mission Ridge. Scene of Sherman's Attack.
  • p. 7. Untitled; view of a road coming down from the hills.
  • p. 8. Chattanooga Valley from Lookout Mt.
  • p. 9. Chattanooga Valley from Lookout Mt.
  • p. 10. Lu-La Lake. Lookout Mt.
  • p. 11. Battlefield of Chickamauga (Note: Three-story white painted clapboard house with a sign reading: Lee & Gordon's Mills. Several men posed in scene.)
  • p. 12. Rocky Faced Ridge, Georgia
  • p. 13. Untitled; view of rocks and vines.
  • p. 14. Buzzard Roost, Georgia
  • p. 15. Battlefield of Resaca, Georgia, No. 1
  • p. 16. Battlefield of Resaca, Georgia, No. 2
  • p. 17. Battlefield of Resaca, Georgia, No. 3
  • p. 18. Allatoona from the Etawah [i.e. Etowah River]
  • p. 19. Allatoona, Georgia
  • p. 20. Pine Mountain, Georgia
  • p. 21. Untitled; view of main street of an unidentified town.
  • p. 22. View of Kennesaw Mt., Georgia
  • p. 23. Untitled; view of mountain and trees, with some guns and clothing on ground.
  • p. 24. Untitled; view of foxholes on top of a mountain.
  • p. 25. Untitled; view of mountain top, trees and vegetation; logs for a foxhole.
  • p. 26. Untitled; view of mountain ridge and battle fortifications.
  • p. 27. Untitled; view of foxholes with guns and clothing.
  • p. 28. Untitled; view of trees and road.
  • p. 29. South Bank of the Chattahoochie, Georgia [i.e. Chattahoochee]
  • p. 30. Scene of General McPherson's Death (Note: Horse head skeleton lying by a tree trunk. Union Army General James B. McPherson was killed in Atlanta, July 22, 1864.)
  • p. 31. Battlefield of Atlanta, No. 1
  • p. 32. Battlefield of Atlanta, No. 2
  • p. 33. The Potter House, Atlanta, Ga. (Note: Bullet-scarred brick house, with second story blown out.)
  • p. 34. Rebel Works in front of Atlanta (Note: Four soldiers sitting in tent, gun carriages nearby. One watchman sitting atop earthworks holding a gun with a bayonet.)
  • p. 35. Rebel Works in front of Atlanta
  • p. 36. Rebel Works, Atlanta, Georgia (Note: Three men with guns, foxhole.)
  • p. 37. Rebel Works in front of Atlanta (Note: Nine men among sandbags and dugout fortification.)
  • p. 38. Rebel Works in front of Atlanta
  • p. 39. Destruction of Hood's Ordnance Train (Note: Severed railroad tracks)
  • p. 40. Atlanta, Georgia (Note: View of railroad roundhouse with several locomotives, one marked "A & W Pt RR, Georgia" [Atlanta and West Point Railroad]. City buildings in background.)
  • p. 41. Fountain, Public Park, Savannah, Georgia