Preliminary Inventory of the Yona Friedman Papers, 1956-2006

Polly Hunter and Ann Harrison


Descriptive Summary

Title: Yona Friedman papers
Date (inclusive): 1956-2006
Number: 2008.M.51
Creator/Collector: Friedman, Yona
Physical Description: 75.8 Linear Feet (161 boxes, 15 flatfiles, 5 boxed rolls)
Repository:
The Getty Research Institute
Special Collections
1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
Los Angeles 90049-1688
reference@getty.edu
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
(310) 440-7390
Abstract: The Yona Friedman papers contain manuscripts, sketches and drawings, and photographs and slides documenting the broad intellectual activity of this visionary architect and planner. In his primary role as a theoretician, Friedman was a key participant in many of the defining architectural discussions of the second half of the twentieth century, including topics such as megastructures, prefabrication and modular construction, adaptability and participatory design.
Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record   for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
Language: Collection material is primarily in French and English

Biographical/Historical Note

Yona Friedman has spent his almost seventy-year career defying definition and categories. Architect, urbanist, filmmaker, sociologist, theoretician, philosopher, economist, mathematician, physicist, artist-Friedman is all, and yet not precisely any, of these, as the vocations are usually interpreted. The roles of architect and urbanist may weave the most consistent thread through his long history, but Friedman's work forces a re-evaluation of what it means to be either of these. Although he can claim only a handful of realized structures, Friedman cannot be dismissed as a mere utopian visionary. Seeded by experiences in the massive political and social upheaval of the mid-20th century-the Holocaust, life as a refugee in the aftermath of World War II, nation-building in Israel-Friedman's ideas on the built environment and its inhabitants have been key elements in the architectural and urban planning discourses of the second half of the twentieth century and beyond.
It can be as difficult to precisely pin down Friedman's biography as it is to label his career; as many of the facts of Friedman's life are seemingly elusive. Over the years, in various interviews and publications, Friedman and his interpreters have presented differing chronologies, versions of events in his life and work, and their meanings. Rather than seeing his biography as a linear historic narrative, Friedman has lived a mythology.
Janos Antal Friedman was born on June 5, 1923 in Budapest. His father Shimon was a lawyer and Friedman had a comfortable upbringing. Although he claims to have experienced little direct discrimination while growing up, the steadily progressing anti-Semitism in Hungary between the wars certainly constrained Friedman's future. Before he was born, the admission of Jews to the university system had been sharply limited, and in the later 1930s as the country allied itself with Nazi Germany, options closed further for the teenage Friedman. Beginning in 1938, a series of laws dramatically reduced Jewish participation in the economy and the professions.
As a young man, Friedman managed to skirt the system and pursue his education, even if unofficially. While in high school, he was able to attend public lectures by noted scholars, and was particularly influenced by those of philologist Karolyi Kerenyi and physicist Werner Heisenberg, who visited Budapest in the spring of 1941. From these two very different scholars, the young Friedman learned to reject the division of knowledge into separate disciplines and to value a unified system of thought, intellectual stances that would govern Friedman's work throughout his life. Although barred from actually enrolling in university, beginning in 1943 Friedman audited the program of the School of Architecture at the Palatine Joseph University of Technology and Economics. Iván Kotsis, the dean, allowed this special access because, according to Friedman, Kotsis thought he showed promise.
The relatively insulated state of affairs for the Jews in Hungary, in comparison to other areas of Europe, came to an end in the spring of 1944, when German troops occupied the country. Deportations began and were carried out with a particular ferocity. By this time, Friedman had joined a Zionist resistance group. In Budapest, a chief method of resistance was the production of false documents shielding people from deportation and Friedman, who had taken "Yona" as his nom de guerre, used his artistic skills to forge the signatures. In October 1944, however, he was denounced by someone at the university, arrested on political charges and turned over to the Gestapo. This political arrest may well have saved him from deportation to a death camp as a Jew, and the rapidly deteriorating military situation also worked in his favor. That same month the Soviet army crossed the Hungarian border and by the end of December, Budapest was completely surrounded. The retreating Gestapo turned their prisoners over to the Hungarian police, who soon released him. Yona Friedman now had to learn how to survive winter in a devastated city. There was no food. There was no clean water. There was no electricity. It was very cold in buildings with all the windows blown out. Life was honed to the essentials.
Friedman left Budapest that spring, rejecting Hungary and its anti-Semitism in pursuit of the promise of Israel. After the war, Romania became a gathering point for surviving Jews hoping to emigrate to British Mandate Palestine, and the Zionist resistance groups refocused their efforts on helping Jews get to Bucharest and beyond. Friedman spent eleven months in Romania waiting for an exit visa and transport. This period of limbo waiting in refugee-camp conditions in Bucharest, directly on the heels of living in war-destroyed Budapest, was a formative period in the development of Friedman's ideas of architecture. Architecture was about survival. It was about a roof and shelter. It was about housing sudden, large influxes of people within the limited infrastructure of existing cities. It was about several families finding a way to share one room in an apartment. Friedman's earliest project, Panel-Chains, a prefabricated, flexible technique for temporarily dividing interior space, was conceived in this period as a response to his personal experience of these conditions. Indeed, Friedman has characterized his oeuvre as a product of World War II.
Friedman's connections with the Zionist groups in Romania must have been strong, because in the spring of 1946 he was on the first of the unauthorized ships to depart Romania for British Mandate Palestine, which was not accepting refugees. On May 7, the Greek-flagged ship, the Smirni, renamed the Max Nordau by the emigrants, left the Romanian port of Constanta. The sailing was organized by the Mossad LeAliyah Bet, with the Soviet-controlled Romanian government turning a blind eye, under the guise that the passengers all held visas to go to Mexico or Costa Rica. The British Royal Navy stopped the ship at sea off the coast of Haifa, but allowed it to land because it was overloaded and had run out of water and provisions. The 1666 emigrants aboard were briefly detained at the Athlit camp outside Haifa.
In Palestine, Friedman initially lived in Kfar Glikson, a kibbutz, along with a number of other Hungarian settlers. He found kibbutz life, especially, in its attempt to create a form of socialist utopia, fulfilling and indeed many of his later ideas, like the function of the critical group seem to hark back to this experience. Yet Friedman had other plans, and after six months, he gained admission to the architecture program at the Technion (Israel Institute of Technology) and moved to Haifa.
Resuming his education was not simple for Friedman. Academically, he had no transcripts or records. Iván Kotsis, the Budapest dean, again interceded, writing a letter certifying Friedman's study, which enabled him to enroll as a third-year student. Financially, having just arrived as a refugee, Friedman had few resources. In order to support himself while studying, he worked two days a week as an unskilled manual laborer on construction sites, an unusual crossing of professional and class boundaries. Soon his education was halted again for a year by yet another war. In the Israeli War of Independence he served in the Engineering Corps constructing fortifications. Friedman finally received his architecture degree from the Technion in 1949.
In addition to his degree, 1949 brought other transitions for Friedman. He married his first wife Erella Schneerson, whose family was part of the long-resident Jewish establishment in Palestine. The marriage was brief, ending in 1953, and they had one daughter, Anat. Friedman also took his first trip to Western Europe, which he saw as a very different Europe from his previous experience of Budapest and Vienna. He visited Florence, Rome and Paris, and even went so far as to contact Le Corbusier.
Returning to Israel from this European trip, Friedman set about assembling a career as an architect. From 1950 to 1954, he served as an advisor on fortifications of new settlements for a section of the Israeli General Staff. Simultaneously, he began to build an independent practice, and eventually formed a loose partnership with Renzo Voghera, another emigrant architect. During this time, aided somewhat by his wife's family connections, Friedman designed conventional private homes and apartment buildings. Beginning in 1952, he also taught as an assistant at the Technion.
It was in these years of Friedman's early career in Israel that his ideas of mobile architecture began to take a definite shape. Mobile architecture not in the sense of movement through space, but mobile architecture in the sense of the rejection of the static form, the embrace of adaptability and flexibility. Drawing on his own experiences, as well as the pressures of intense expansion witnessed in his work with the Israeli government, the unrealized projects Friedman designed in this period, such as Movable Boxes and Cylindrical Shelters, were exercises in re-use and prefabrication, adaptability and rapid response to shifting civic needs. This focus on adaptability reached its purest distillation in a design in which the kitchen and bathroom, typically the most fixed points in a residence, rigid infrastructure controlled by water and sewage lines, were treated essentially as furniture, completely moveable and adaptable to changing needs. His initial efforts in inhabitant participation on a larger scale project also date to this period. In 1952 for a commission to design Haifa's first large public housing project, Friedman attempted to involve the future residents in the design process. This impulse was soon stopped by the government, which, when viewing the same housing crisis as Friedman, saw the answer in firm, central, top-down planning.
A critical event in the development of Friedman's ideas was the arrival of Konrad Wachsmann, a pioneer of prefabrication and space-frame structures, as a visiting professor at the Technion in 1953-1954. Wachsmann's space frames, created using industrially-produced, modular elements with sophisticated joints, had innumerable configurations and potentially unlimited extension, supporting spans of up to 40 meters. This idea of massive, prefabricated spanning structures enthralled an array of young architects from the mid-1950s through the 1960s, including the Metabolists (Wachsmann taught in Tokyo in 1955), and Archigram. For a generation of architects and planners, faith in a new social vision and rapid technological advances combined with seeds sown in Le Corbusier's Plan Obus for Algiers fueled the dreams of the megastructure. For Friedman specifically, Wachsmann's space-frame structures provided the technique of infrastructure his developing ideas of mobility needed.
In this time of important intellectual growth, Friedman was not only constrained in his architectural practice, but he was also finding no support in the academic world of the Technion. His thesis proposal towards an advanced degree, the beginnings of "L'architecture mobile," was rejected. Alfred Neumann, the current dean, although a modernist, was not interested in prefabrication nor in participatory design and planning. Yet, Friedman was sure that there must be a more receptive audience for his ideas of architecture, so against Neumann's discouragement Friedman went looking for it.
Friedman attended the Congrès internationaux d'architecture moderne (CIAM) X in Dubrovnik in 1956 as an unofficial participant. The theme of the conference was Habitat, and mobility was one of the topics discussed. Friedman presented a paper in the session on Change and Growth but found that his ideas were not accepted by most of the participants. His foray outside of the insular world of Israeli architecture was not the success he had hoped for, but he was able to meet a small number of architects who were open to his ideas, including Günther Kühne, who asked him to outline his ideas for an article in Bauwelt. By the time he returned to Israel late that fall, it was becoming clear to Friedman that he needed a change. He was becoming disillusioned with the new Israel he saw developing; the classless society he had known was disappearing. Also, even his brief time at CIAM had shown him that there were like-minded architects, at least a few. He just had to find them.
In 1957 Friedman's exposure to the broader architectural community at CIAM began to bear fruit. The Bauwelt article appeared and Frei Otto wrote to him after reading it. That summer Friedman traveled to Berlin for the Interbau exhibition. He then continued on to Amsterdam in August, and Paris in September. Through contacts made at CIAM or due to his Bauwelt article, Friedman connected with a network of architects who were receptive to his theories, including Frei Otto, Jaap Bakema, Gerrit Rietveld, Jan Trapman, André Sive and Jean Prouvé, as well as meeting again with Le Corbusier. Prouvé was interested in Friedman's ideas to such an extent that he sponsored Friedman's French visa extension, thinking that he would incorporate Friedman into some of his prefabrication projects. Greatly encouraged by this reaction, Friedman returned briefly to Israel in December to close that chapter of his life, and in January returned to Paris, which became his permanent home.
Friedman's career coalesced in Paris in the late 1950s and early 1960s, and over the next decade, Friedman would become well known within architectural circles for his numerous publications, lectures and exhibits. Upon his arrival in Paris in early 1958, Friedman immediately took steps to realize projects he had been planning in Israel and to disseminate his ideas through publications and a professional network.
Although the potential project with Prouvé fell through, Friedman quickly found other collaborators. In the fall of 1957, Trapman had introduced him to Jean-Pierre Pecquet, and now Friedman and Pecquet, working as partners, attempted to put one of Friedman's earlier projects, Cylindrical Shelters, into commercial production. The pair succeeded in producing a relatively low-cost prototype and Pecquet worked on a display for the 1958 World's Fair in Brussels, but the project never found its niche. This project would also be one of Friedman's last forays into conventional design using architectural drawings, and marked the end of Friedman's career as a practicing architect.
Also at this time Friedman organized the ideas he had been working on, the ideas from his Dubrovnik presentation, into the first draft of his theoretical manifesto "L'architecture mobile." The manifesto, which went through several iterations over the next five years, each with further examples and development of his theories, was produced and distributed by Friedman in mimeographed form.
Friedman defined mobile architecture as a system of construction allowing the inhabitant to determine the form, orientation and style of their apartment, and to readily change these elements whenever they wanted. When expanded to a group, making decisions about a neighborhood, this system becomes mobile urbanism. La ville spatiale or the spatial city is the application of this theory, using spatial infrastructure, such as a space frame. In its most simplistic form, Friedman's master idea involved the use of massive, multi-leveled space-frame structures rising several stories above a city (or natural feature). These space frames would be supported by enormous pilotis or pillars, which would provide access to the elevated area and be the conduit for access and the delivery of utilities. The framework would be filled in with individual, prefabricated units, whose positioning, density and use could be altered as needed. The transverse elements of the structures would begin 15-20 meters above ground level and only fifty percent of each level would be built out, thereby ensuring light and air flow. The individual infill units were also completely "mobile," with all elements, such as walls, windows, and bathrooms, flexible and inhabitant-designed.
Friedman's ideas of mobile architecture and the spatial city were meant to address three key issues of concern to architects and planners at the time: explosive growth in cities and a resulting housing crisis, due to postwar demographic shifts; the inflexibility of the existing architectural stock; and a questioning of whether architects were adequately serving their clients' needs. All these were questions Friedman had begun considering while still in Israel, and although he laid out his solutions first in "L'architecture mobile," he continued to work out answers to these concepts throughout his career.
Friedman's city-above-the-city space-frame structures directly addressed the need for increased urban capacity and flexibility. Then, as is still often the case today, the typical response to problems of urban overcrowding was to demolish existing low-density structures and replace them with higher capacity ones, usually tower blocks. Friedman opposed this destruction and instead wanted to preserve the current city by intensifying it with elevated structures. The flexibility of his infill units in the inhabited voids of the space frame further alleviated issues such as housing shortages, because this new architectural stock could easily respond to shifting functional needs.
The third issue Friedman addressed was the role of the architect and their relationship to the client, and it was this element that was fundamentally most controversial. Friedman wanted to radically redefine what it meant to be an architect. As early as his work on the shikun in Haifa, Friedman had seen inhabitant participation as essential to the future of architecture. He was certainly not alone in this idea, but his conception of what participation meant was different from that held by others. By the late 1950s, after increasing problems in the postwar "grands ensembles," there were even official attempts to integrate inhabitant input into subsidized housing in the Paris area. These attempts, and most participation projects, used focus groups and data modelling to predict the needs and desires of the "average" inhabitant. Friedman, however, had taken his early exposure to Heisenberg and the Uncertainty Principle to the sociological level, believing that it was impossible for an architect to predict inhabitants' needs, and combined this with an extreme conception of the individual, in which an average being could not exist. For Friedman, any design involving modelled behavior or an "average" inhabitant did not count as participatory. To him, the notion of an "average being" was just more of the same Modernist paternalism. For Friedman, the inhabitant had to be the designer, as in his spatial city where the inhabitant had complete control over the individual infill units and their placement in the space-frame. Aside from developing the infrastructure, the architect's only role would be technical and informational, to ensure that inhabitants had a set of building element options, from which to choose. The architect creates no final product, only initiates a process. Needless to say, Friedman's re-definition and renunciation of the architect's current role was not well received by most of the profession.
It was also in 1958 that Friedman established his first professional network organization. While in Paris in the fall of 1957, Friedman had met with Roger Aujame and Pecquet and discussed forming a group to explore issues of mobility. The Groupe des études d'architecture mobile (GEAM), with Friedman as leader and other founding members including Pecquet, Aujame, Jerzy Soltan, Georges Emmerich and Jan Trapman, met for the first time in Rotterdam in March 1958. The membership and list of those associated soon expanded to include Frei Otto, Eckhard Schultze-Fielitz, Gunther Gunschel, Makowski, Werner Ruhnau, Gunther Kuhne, Masata Otaka, Erik Friberger, Camille Frieden and Paul Maymont. Addressing what they saw as the failure of urban planning, the members of GEAM promoted mobile megastructures made from prefabricated materials with varying degrees of adaptability. By the time it disbanded in 1962, GEAM had issued a manifesto outlining its beliefs, held annual meetings and curated a traveling exhibition of the members' work.
It is important to note that Friedman and the members of GEAM were not the only architects working in this vein at this time, although Friedman always claimed the nature of his work was different from that of others. For example, Nikolaas Habraken, a Dutch architect, devised a similar fixed superstructure in which inhabitants could design their own living quarters. Better known is the New Babylon project of Constant Nieuwenhuys, who even took part in a GEAM exhibition in Amsterdam. Yet, Friedman asserted that although the projects might be similar in form, they were completely unrelated, because they derived from different philosophical and ideological bases – Habraken thought like an engineer, Constant thought like an artist, whereas he thought like a sociologist.
Thus by the end of the 1950s, Friedman had melded the lessons of his earlier life-experiences of survival, basic needs, and the methods of accommodating population shifts; ideas about creating different modes of communication, working outside the normal path and challenging boundaries-into an overarching approach to architecture and planning.
The 1960s would be a period of consolidation for Friedman. He firmly committed to his new life in Paris, marrying Denise Charvein, a film editor, with whom he would soon have a second daughter, and becoming a French citizen. The decade began on a potentially auspicious note with Friedman being invited to the post-CIAM meeting held by Team 10 at Bagnols-sur-Cèze in July 1960, raising hope that his work was being accepted by the Modernist mainstream. Yet, once again, his ideas, a presentation of the spatial city, received little interest from most attendees, and were indeed savagely rejected by Alison Smithson.
As Friedman's attempts to create a practice in France faded with the failure of his projects with Pecquet, he explored other sources of revenue. In the early 1960s, Friedman began making animated films in collaboration with Charvein. Using a style of drawing reminiscent of the images in "L'architecture mobile," Friedman started producing films based on African folktales. After the success of an initial example, ORTF, the French state television authority, commissioned over a dozen more. The African films were quite successful, even winning the Golden Lion Award at the Venice Film Festival in 1962, and Friedman gradually expanded the work to other themes. In certain respects, Friedman's animated films also laid the groundwork for his subsequent "manuals," developing the basic idea of conveying information with very simplified drawings explained with minimal dialogue.
In 1964 a further source of revenue appeared. Friedman began guest lecturing and giving seminars in the United States. Invited first by Soltan, who was now a professor in the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University, Friedman would spend part of each year at American universities, including University of Michigan (1968-1969), Carnegie Mellon University (1969-1970), University of California, Los Angeles (1969-1970) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1970-1974). Friedman's classroom lectures and his access to the computing resources of large academic research institutions helped him further develop his theories in this period, especially in the area of participation. When conceptualizing participation, Friedman had soon realized that most inhabitants would need guidance in planning their space and he had begun to develop systems to aid their choices. In this period, Friedman began using graph theory and diagrams as visual languages to help guide and instruct inhabitants in choosing elements. By the late 1960s under the influence of cybernetics, he was also developing a new system, the Flatwriter, a sort of hypothetical proto-computer, to guide inhabitants away from poor design choices and structural errors before construction. At the unveiling of a prototype of the Flatwriter at Expo '70 in Osaka, potential inhabitants could design their space using a keyboard to select from among 53 architectural elements.
Alongside these revenue-producing activities, Friedman continued his theoretical work on mobile architecture and the spatial city. He spent the 1960s demonstrating the range of combinations, conditions and locations in which the spatial city could be implemented. With the actual realization of his projects unlikely, he now just focused on communicating his ideas, in the face of general opinion. From Africa to the English Channel, over established cities and natural features, numerous projects were designed by Friedman using his spatial infrastructure principles and meant to demonstrate the feasibility of his thesis-a practice he continues to this day. Yet, among all these varied places, Friedman's adopted home of Paris became his most frequent and evocative location for creating a spatial city. By applying his theories not just to marginal locations, his work surprisingly became part of the discussion in the early 1960s on the restructuring of Paris. Michel Ragon, the influential art historian, critic and writer, championed Friedman's work and exposed it to a much wider general intellectual audience.
Ragon promoted a wide range of what he called "prospective" architecture, frequently condemned as unrealistic and utopian. He shared Friedman's view that society should not have to adapt to the built environment, but rather the built environment should adapt to society. Mobile architecture and spatial urbanism was made necessary by societal change. So if these projects remained unbuilt and "utopian," it was due to a failure of society to adequately respond to change by restructuring itself economically, socially, and legally; it was not a failure in the architecture, since the projects were technically possible.
Among visionary ideas for the new city in the 1960s, Friedman's stood out, in part due to his unremitting flow of publications, but also because of how he presented his vision. It was in this period that Friedman began to widely convey his ideas for this ville spatiale visually, through drawing, collage, and most strikingly, photomontage, a technique not yet in common use for architectural representation. Photographic images ranging from old postcards to prints by photographers such as Robert Doisneau served as the base for the addition of Friedman's spatial infrastructure. These colorful, visually striking representations of his theories are in many respects what set Friedman apart from his contemporary theorists on the city.
Friedman marked the beginning of the 1970s by consolidating his earlier theoretical writings. In 1970 and 1971, Friedman published a collection of writings on mobile architecture and the notes from his lectures in the United States, in L'architecture mobile and Pour une architecture scientifique . However, even with the appearance of these definitive publications, Friedman's theories were finding less of an audience as architectural trends changed. By the early 1970s interest in the megastructure form - so frequently designed, yet so rarely built - was rapidly waning. From the 1970s into the 1990s, Friedman shifted the focus of his work. He had always seemed to be much more interested in the inhabitants of his architecture than the structure itself, and now that sociological aspect of his work dominated.
Abandoning his faith in the high tech future, Friedman now concentrated on self-sufficiency and low tech solutions. At a time when a utopian vision was totally out of fashion in architectural circles, Friedman considered their meaning and feasibility. Going back to the principles of the kibbutz, and other small autonomously organized groups, Friedman explored the dynamic of the "critical group." Having long felt an affinity for the marginalized, Friedman now concentrated on issues of democratization, poverty and the Third World.
Also in the 1970s Friedman began developing his "manual" form. Focusing on visual language and alternative communication methods, Friedman endeavored to create a new way to communicate design. Beginning in 1972-1973 with a project to teach school children about architecture, Friedman used simple, almost child-like drawings with brief accompanying text in a bande-dessinée or comic book style to convey information. After this initial usage, the format was quickly implemented as a learning tool for an adult audience. By the mid to late 1970s, as Friedman's attention was turning to the developing world, the initial architectural subject matter of the manuals was expanding accordingly. The manuals had also ceased to be a small personal exercise and were finding major sponsors, including the Council of Europe and United Nations programs, such as UNESCO. The manuals would reach their fullest form in the 1980s in the work of the Friedman's Communication Centre of Scientific Knowledge for Self-Reliance (CCSK).
In 1982 Friedman established the CCSK under the aegis of the United Nations University (UNU), which was also its primary funding source. A very small organization - really just Friedman, his collaborator Eda Schaur, a researcher at the University of Stuttgart, who served as Assistant Director, and the occasional consultant - the CCSK stated its goal as bridging the gap between scientific research and innovation and the world's poor, those who needed it most, yet usually had the least access, by creating communication tools. This goal found its expression in Friedman's manuals, which were relatively inexpensive, locally adaptable and easily translated. The subject matter rapidly expanded to cover a wide range of topics including housing and shelter, water management, food and energy sources, sanitation and health, as well as social issues. The primary area of distribution of this material was Asia, particularly India, as well as Africa and Latin America. In addition to the individual manuals and their packaging into topical sets, Friedman envisioned further extensions of the material, such as the "Popular Encyclopedia of Survival," a compendium of all knowledge necessary for self-sufficiency. In addition to the printed manuals, Friedman's picture scripts were delivered in various ways, including wall journals, posters, slides and planned animations, or an entire didactic complex like the Museum of Simple Technology in Madras.
Ironically, it was in this period of moving away from architecture that Friedman got his first major commission in France. For the first time since leaving Israel, Friedman would be paid as an architect. In 1974, Compagnie Dubonnet-Cinzano (CDC) decided to convert a large warehouse structure into office space, and Friedman almost got his first chance to actually implement mobile architecture. The building was self-planned by the employees after having been trained using a manual and the result was completely adaptable. Unfortunately, the company was sold before the project was realized and the new owners had no interest in proceeding. Friedman's theories of mobility and self-planning were finally realized a few years later with the Lycée David at Angers. Beginning in 1978, teachers, parents and other stakeholders defined the number, size and placement of rooms and spaces of their new school (within the guidelines of the Ministry of Education) using relational diagrams. Friedman's role was to make sure that the diagrams created by the stakeholders worked technically, that the school would meet construction and zoning codes and to control the budget. Friedman's only realized structure since leaving Israel was completed in 1980.
In the early 1990s, when the CCSK lost its funding, Friedman's work turned from the developing world back to earlier preoccupations. He revisited longtime interests in mathematics and physics. In addition to continuing to create visualizations of spatial cities around the world, Friedman explored architecture with unconventional forms, including amorphous and anthropomorphic structures, as well as Merz-structures.
In the last few decades, there has been a strong revival of interest in Friedman's work. This is due, in part, to the fact that participation, sustainability and responses to overcrowding and inflexibility are features in the current architectural dialogue. Much of the recent interest in Friedman's work has, however, come from the world of contemporary art. From early in his career, Friedman found an audience for his ideas in artistic circles. As early as 1963 he was invited by Pierre Restany to exhibit at Galerie J. In recent years, Friedman has taken part in Documenta XI, the Yokohama Triennial, and two Venice Biennales. His arresting visual elements, in combination with his philosophy of participation, have resonated with relational art, bringing new exposure to his work.
Partial list of secondary sources consulted for the finding aid notes (in addition to Friedman's published works and materials in the archive):
Banham, Reyner. Megastructure: Urban Futures of the Recent Past. New York: Harper & Row, 1976.
Busbea, Larry. Topologies: The Urban Utopia in France, 1960-1970. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007.
De Wit, Wim. "The Papers of Yona Friedman." Getty Research Journal 1 (2009): 191-204.
Deyong, Sarah. "Memories of the Urban Future: The Rise and Fall of the Megastructure." In The Changing of the Avant-garde: Visionary Drawings from the Howard Gilman Collection , 23-35. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2002.
Eaton, Ruth. Ideal Cities: Utopianism and the (Un) Built Environment. Antwerp: Mercatorfonds, 2001.
Edery, Georges. "Entretiens avec Yona Friedman." Le carré bleu , no. 3/4 (2014): 15-25.
Escher, Cornelia Regine. "Mega-structuralism and the Groupe d'Étude d'Architecture Mobile." In Structuralism Reloaded: Rule-based Design in Architecture and Urbanism , 214-221. Stuttgart: Edition Axel Menges, 2011.
Escher, Cornelia. "Du GEAM au GIAP: Michel Ragon et la culture de l'architecture visionnaire en France." In Michel Ragon: Critique d'art et d'architecture , 203-220. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2013.
Fentener van Vlissingen, Helene (ed.). Yona Friedman. http://www.yonafriedman.nl.
Hoorn, Melanie van der. Bricks & Balloons: Architecture in Comic-strip Form. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers, 2012.
Lebesque, Sabine and Helene Fentener van Vlissingen (eds.). Yona Friedman: Structures Serving the Unpredictable. Rotterdam, NAI Publishers, 1999.
Mumford, Eric. The CIAM Discourse on Urbanism, 1928-1960. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000.
Newsome, W. Brian. "The 'Apartment Referendum' of 1959: Toward Participatory Architectural and Urban Planning in Postwar France." French Historical Studies 28 (2005): 329-358.
Newsome, W. Brian. French Urban Planning 1940-1968: The Construction and Deconstruction of an Authoritarian System. New York: Peter Lang, 2009.
Obrist, Hans Ulrich. Yona Friedman. Cologne: Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, 2007.
Obrist, Hans Ulrich "Ever Yona, Yona, Ever." In Arquitectura con la gente, por la gente, para la gente , 138-161. León: MUSAC, 2011.
Obrist, Hans Ulrich und Wolfgang Fiel. "Im Gespräch mit Ekhard Schulze-Fielitz und Yona Friedman, London 21.2.2008." In Eckhard Schulze-Fielitz: Metasprache des Raums , edited by Wolfgang Fiel, 404-431 Vienna: Springer, 2010.
Orazi, Manuel, and Yona Friedman. "A Conversation With Yona Friedman." Log, no. 26 (2012): 60-75. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41765760.
Orazi, Manuel. "Yona Friedman: Biography and Works." In Yona Friedman , edited by Luca Cerizza and Anna Daneri, 91-93. Milan: Charta, 2008.
Orazi, Manuel. "The Erratic Universe of Yona Friedman." In Arquitectura con la gente, por la gente, para la gente, 108-135. León: MUSAC, 2011.
Orazi, Manuel. "The Erratic Universe of Yona Friedman." In Yona Friedman: The Dilution of Architecture , by Yona Friedman and Manuel Orazi, 269-541. Zurich: Park Books, 2015. With response: Friedman, Yona. "Lettre de Yona Friedman à son biographe Manuel Orazi." Tracés 19 August 2015. https://www.espazium.ch/lettre-de-yona-friedman-a-son-biographe-manuel-orazi.
Orazi, Manuel, and Yona Friedman. "A Conversation with Yona Friedman." Log, no. 26 (2012): 60-75. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41765760.
Ragon, Michel. Prospective et Futurologie: Histoire mondiale de l'architecture et de l'urbanisme modernes. Paris: Casterman, 1978.
Rauchwerger, Daniel. "A Model Architect." Haaretz 30 September 2015. https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/a-model-architect-1.396308
Steiner, Hadas. Beyond Archigram: The Structure of Circulation. New York: Routledge, 2009.
Stempl, Markus. "The Structuralist Approach and the City in Space: Floating Cities for a Globalized Community, 1958-1974." In Structuralism Reloaded: Rule-based Design in Architecture and Urbanism , 204-213. Stuttgart: Edition Axel Menges, 2011.
Tan, Pelin. "Yona Friedman and GEAM." In Megastructure Reloaded: Visionary Architecture and Urban Design of the Sixties Reflected by Contemporary Artists , 124-128. Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2008.
Wigley, Mark. Constant's New Babylon: The Hyper-architecture of Desire. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers, 1998.
Willemin, Veronique. Maisons mobiles. Paris: Éditions alternatives, 2004.

Administrative Information

Access

Open for use by qualified researchers, with the exception of restricted material in Box 142A.

Publication Rights

Preferred Citation

Yona Friedman papers, 1956-2006, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 2008.M.51
http://hdl.handle.net/10020/cifa2008m51

Acquisition Information

Acquired in 2008.

Processing History

When received by the Getty Research Institute in 2008, the archive was housed in 256 cardboard or plastic containers. In its original state, 204 containers bore numbers, not in a complete sequence, and with numbers repeating. Many of Friedman's original containers were further divided into folders given an alphabetical or numerical subdivision. This numbering scheme on the containers and folders correlated with the numbering of an inventory supplied by Friedman (see Series VIII), with the exception of missing numbers. The majority of the remaining containers were unidentified, while a few had a brief textual identification.
In 2011, Polly Hunter, working under the supervision of Ann Harrison, surveyed the collection. It was soon discovered that although the numbering scheme on the containers corresponded to the supplied inventory, the actual contents of the containers and folders generally did not. Also some containers and folders listed in the inventory were not present in the archive. The inventory appeared to reflect an earlier state of the archive with the contents of containers shifted and altered since its composition. In most instances, the contents of containers and folders were quite diverse, and without a valid inventory attempts to create an archival structure using these units failed. In consultation with the acquiring curator Wim DeWit, the head of Special Collections cataloging Andra Darlington and Friedman himself, Hunter and Harrison derived a new arrangement for the collection (see Arrangement Note above) and Hunter began processing the archive. In 2015-2017, Ann Harrison completed the processing and wrote the finding aid. Tracy Bonfitto and Linta Kunnathuparambil provided help identifying translations of manuals.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Yona Friedman papers contain manuscripts, sketches and drawings, and photographs and slides documenting the broad intellectual activity of this visionary architect and planner. In his primary role as a theoretician, Friedman was a key participant in many of the defining architectural discussions of the second half of the twentieth century, including topics such as megastructures, prefabrication and modular construction, adaptability and participatory design.
The focus of the archive is the development of Friedman's ideas and methodology. Therefore, manuscripts, typescripts and production materials for the working stages of his visualizations form the bulk of the material. For example, in the case of the colorful collages and photomontages for which Friedman is perhaps best known, the archive contains the production materials and early versions, and generally photocopies of the finished work, but not the final work itself, with very few exceptions. Such works, as well as Friedman's full-color renderings and his maquettes, are not included in the archive, but are represented by photographs or photocopies.
Yona Friedman has always emphasized the dissemination of his ideas, and the first four series of the archive represent media and channels of expression used for this purpose. Friedman's writings comprise Series I. Included here are the production materials for Friedman's books, articles, lectures and project proposals, as well as copies of published work. Series II contains similar materials for Friedman's manuals and other graphic works created in his distinctive bande dessinée style. The proposals and visualizations of Friedman's design competition entries, a further way to gain exposure, form Series III. Series IV comprises the production materials for, and documentation of, numerous exhibitions and other displays of Friedman's work.
The studies and visualizations of Friedman's architectural and planning projects form Series V. As in the previous series, working and production materials rather than final versions predominate. The projects documented range from early work on the general principles of mobile architecture and the spatial city in the late 1950s to his specific 2005 design of a spatial city for Venice.
The remaining four series of the archive deal with other aspects of Friedman's career. Series VI contains materials relating to various professional organizations with which Friedman was associated, such as Groupe d'études d'architecture mobile (GEAM), Groupe international d'architecture prospective (GIAP) and the Communication Centre of Scientific Knowledge for Self-Reliance (CCSK). Series VII comprises Friedman's non-architectural artwork, such as films, general drawings and collages, as well as documentation of his apartment in Paris. Series VIII is a small compilation of papers documenting Friedman's career, including copies of articles about Friedman and his work, as well as biographical material and documentation of the archive. Miscellaneous professional and personal papers comprise Series IX. Included in this series are general correspondence, documentation of the work of colleagues, portraits of Friedman and his collaborators, and family photographs.
Many of the dates used in this finding aid should be viewed as broad chronological guides rather than absolutes. Individual pieces of Yona Friedman's work can be very difficult to date precisely for several reasons: much of his work is not dated on the piece; Friedman's historic chronology of his work presented in various publications and interviews can be rather fluid; and ultimately, his intellectual and working methods are ahistoric and non-linear. A small number of core ideas find expression and elaboration in numerous interwoven offshoots that are repeatedly revisited.
Titles of works are transcribed directly from the piece, if present, and otherwise are taken from Friedman's publications.

Arrangement

The archive is arranged in nine series: Series I. Writings, circa 1957-2006; Series II. Manuals and other graphic works, 1973-2006; Series III. Design competition entries, 1959-2000; Series IV. Exhibitions, 1959-2004; Series V. Studies and visualizations for architectural and planning projects, 1958-2006; Series VI. Professional organizations, 1956-1997; Series VII. Artworks, 1960-2003; Series VIII. Documentation of career, 1958-2004; Series IX. Miscellaneous professional and personal papers, 1957-2002.
Given Friedman's ideas and methodology, his work is not readily separated into discrete units in a linear structure and he certainly does not view it in that way. Therefore, the division of his papers into archival series is rather artificial and somewhat arbitrary, since many works might fall intellectually into several categories. Yet, in order to facilitate research access to the archive such a structure is needed. The arrangement of the archive presented here is roughly derived from Friedman's arrangement list "catalogue after categories," the structure of the authorized website, http://www.yonafriedman.nl, curated by Helene Fentener van Vlissingen, and discussion with Friedman. Friedman's original associative arrangement can be traced by the "boîte" numbers in each entry. A search using the "find" command with one of those entries will retrieve the other materials originally housed in the same folder or box (see Processing History note).

Indexing Terms

Subjects - Names

Friedman, Yona

Subjects - Topics

Architecture and society
Architecture, Modern -- 20th century
Architects -- France
City planning
Visionary architecture
Megastructures

Genres and Forms of Material

Color slides
Drawings (visual works)
Sketches
Gelatin silver negatives
Gelatin silver prints
Chromogenic color prints
Color negatives
Photomontages
Collages (visual works)

Contributors

Friedman, Yona
Schaur, Eda, 1945-
Charvein, Denise


Container List

 

Series I. Writings, circa 1957-2006, undated

Physical Description: 9.4 Linear Feet (24 boxes)

Scope and Content Note

Yona Friedman's textual work-materials for books, articles, lectures and project proposals, both large and small-comprises Series I. This documentation, which spans the majority of Friedman's career, includes all stages of the writing process from notes and handwritten early drafts through typescripts, both earlier work produced on a typewriter and more recent material printed from a computer, to offprints of published articles. In many cases, these materials are represented or duplicated in the archive by photocopies, often in multiples.
The interwoven nature of Friedman's intellectual production and his goal of broadly spreading his ideas means that many of the individual entries below are closely related. The content of an article would be published in more than one journal with only minor changes, with an only slightly varying or even identical title, and would also be published in multiple languages. Articles would, in turn, be repackaged as sections of Friedman's books. This publication methodology is reflected in the physical characteristics of Friedman's manuscripts themselves. Works with images, and even some without, may be produced on tracing paper, presumably for reproduction. Typescripts are often assembled from cut-out sections of text and glued to backing sheets, and this technique reaches a further extent with composite manuscripts, where pieces of photocopied published works and typescripts, with linking sections of handwritten manuscript, are all combined on backing sheets to create a new work. Sections of text are reused and reassembled much like prefabricated modular elements. This method of textual construction also means that precisely dating Friedman's individual works can be difficult. A small number of Friedman's writings are dated on the manuscript and these are indicated below by a precise date with a month and day. For the majority of Friedman's writings, however, the year given below is a terminus ante quem determined by a publication or lecture date, or is derived from context. The titles of works presented in this series are taken directly from the piece with few exceptions, and occasionally retain quirks in spelling and grammar.
Although this series contains the bulk of Friedman's writing, manuals and other books that are primarily graphic in nature are to be found in Series II and exhibition catalogs are in Series IV.

Arrangement

The series is arranged in roughly chronological order, with undated and unidentified material at the end. Friedman's original associative arrangement can be traced by the "boîte" numbers in each entry. A search using the "find" command with one of those entries will retrieve the other materials originally housed in the same folder or box (see Arrangement and Processing History notes above).
box 2, folder 5

"L'architecture mobile," circa late 1957-1958

Scope and Content Note

Two early versions of Friedman's manifesto before the first distributed edition; one version was to have a preface by Roger Caillois and includes Michel Subiela in the end credits. Photocopies of typescripts with drawings; partial typescript. Boîte: 17.10, 130BB, 130CC.
box 3, folder 1

"Ein Architektur-Versuch," 1957

Scope and Content Note

Published in Bauwelt 48.16 (1957): 361-363; photocopy of offprint. Boîte: 39.
box 1, folder 1-2

"L'architecture mobile," 1958 December 25

Scope and Content Note

First distributed edition of the manifesto. "Mimeograph" of typescript and later photocopy; corrected "mimeograph" with handwritten additions for preparation of second edition; loose cover. Boîte: 10A.10, VilleSpatiale1958, unnumbered.
box 3, folder 34

"Exemple for Explication of the Proposal: Temporary Quarter at the Bois de Boulogne in Paris," circa 1958

Scope and Content Note

Typescript drafts and drawings. Boîte: 17.10.
box 3, folder 1A

"Éléments triédriques de construction," 1959 April 15

Scope and Content Note

Copy of text and images. Boîte: 17.7.
box 1, folder 3-4

"L'architecture mobile," 1959 October 20

Scope and Content Note

Second distributed edition of the manifesto. Typescript with original drawings on trace; photocopy. Boîte: 10A.9, unnnumbered.
box 3, folder 2

"De la mobilité en urbanisme et en architecture," 1959

Scope and Content Note

With Jean-Pierre Pecquet. Published in Techniques et architecture 19 (1959): 82-87; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37, 130Z.
box 3, folder 27

"L'architecture mobile," 1959

Scope and Content Note

Published in Anpassungsfähig Bauen/Adaptable Building/L'architecture adaptable 6 (1959): 34-42; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 3, folder 3

"Blocs 'à l'enjambée'," 1959-1960

Scope and Content Note

With S. Ketoff, J.-P. Pecquet and R. Aujame. Published in L'architecture d'aujourd'hui 87 (1959-1960): XXXVI; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 3, folder 28

"Architecture mobile," 1960 December 30

Scope and Content Note

Published in La journée du bâtiment: 7-8; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 3, folder 4-5

"Pour une architecture mobile: Les problèmes modernes de l'architecture et de l'urbanisme," 1960

Scope and Content Note

Published in Revue technique du bâtiment numbers 2, 3, 5 (1960): 3-8, 9-19, 8-18; tearsheets and photocopies. Boîte: 16A, 17.4, 37.
box 3, folder 6

"L'architecture mobile," 1960

Scope and Content Note

Published in Europäisches Bau-Forum 1 (1960): 4-5; photocopy of published article, fascicles of journal. Boîte: 16A, 37.
box 3, folder 7

"Les constructions 'ruche'," 1960

Scope and Content Note

Published in Europäisches Bau-Forum 6 (1960): 65-67; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 3, folder 8

"Urbanisme spatial," 1960

Scope and Content Note

Published in L'architecture d'aujourd'hui 88 (1960): XLIII; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 3, folder 30

"Spatial Urbanism," 1960

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Published in Kindai Kentika no. 5 (1960). Boîte: 17.6.
box 1, folder 10

"Les dix principes de l'architecture mobile," 1960-1962

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript, titled "Les dix principes de l'urbanisme nouveau," with photographs of drawings illustrating principles; also later typescripts. Boîte: 10A.12, 17.4, 19B.2.
box 3, folder 10

"Mobile Architecture," 1960

Scope and Content Note

With R. Aujame. Published in Architectural Design 30, no. 9 (1960): 356; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 3, folder 24

"Paris spatiale," 1960

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 24A.6.
box 3, folder 11

"Paris spatial: Une suggestion," 1960

Scope and Content Note

Published in Revue technique du bâtiment (1960): 13-18; tear sheets, photocopy of published article. Boîte: 16A, 17.4, 37.
box 3, folder 12-13

"Pour un urbanisme mobile," circa 1960

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts. Published in Techniques et architecture 20 (1960) or 21 (1961): 124-128; tearsheets and photocopy. Includes sections: programme 1960; blocs à l'enjambées, with S. Ketof, R. Aujame, and J.P. Pecquet; les quartiers spatiaux; bâtiment pilote du quartier spatial à Niamey, with S. Ketof and R. Aujame; le foyer des nigériens à Treichville, with S. Ketof and R. Aujame. Boîte: 16A, 17.6, 17.12, 37.1A.
box 3, folder 22

"Programme pour un urbanisme mobile," circa 1960

Scope and Content Note

Published in unidentified journal: 341-343; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37, 169II.
box 3, folder 25

"Programme d'actualité pour un urbanisme mobile," circa 1960

Scope and Content Note

Published in Revue technique du bâtiment: 17-22; tearsheets. Boîte: 17B.
box 3, folder 32

"Mobile Architecture," circa 1960

Scope and Content Note

Condensed translation of "Pour une architecture mobile." Typescript. Boîte: 17.6.
box 3, folder 33

"Article pour le catalogue de l'exposition mouvement au Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam et Moderna Museet Stockholm," circa 1960

Scope and Content Note

Copies of typescript. Boîte: 17.7, unnumbered.
box 3, folder 9

"Les agglomérations spatiales," 1960-1961

Scope and Content Note

Published in L'architecture d'aujourd'hui 93 (1960-1961): XLVIII; photocopy of published article; drawings and notes with brief text. Boîte: 10A.12, 37.
box 3, folder 23

"Un programme d'interventions pour l'assainissement de Paris," circa 1960-1963

Scope and Content Note

Published in unidentified journal: 140; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 3, folder 21

"L'architecture mobile," circa 1960-1965

Scope and Content Note

Published in unidentified journal: 32-34; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 3, folder 14

"L'avenir des services collectifs," 1961 March 10

Scope and Content Note

Published in Revue techniques du bâtiment (1961): 11-12. Typescript; tearsheets. Boîte: 16A, 17.3, 17.7.
box 3, folder 26

"The Climatised City," 1962 January 12

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts. Boîte: 17.7, 19H.1.
box 3, folder 36

"L'urbanisme mobile," 1962 June

Scope and Content Note

Copy (negative) of typescript of paper for Essen conference. Boîte: 10B.19.
box 1, folder 5-9

"L'architecture mobile," 1962 July 1

Scope and Content Note

Third distributed edition of the manifesto. Carbon copies of typescript with photostats of images; partial typescript with corrections; drawings on trace; three original copies of distributed work (one copy has minor annotations and has small photograph of Friedman and photocopy of 1965 Lördagen article inserted); copy of Dutch translation. Boîte: 10B.19, 19G.2, 26C, unnumbered.
box 3, folder 15

"Théorie générale de la mobilité," 1962

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts. Published in Europäisches Bau-Forum 3 (1962): 371-372; fascicles of journal; tearsheet. Boîte: 16A, 17.3, 17.7, VilleSpatiale1958.
box 3, folder 16

"Paris spatial," 1962

Scope and Content Note

Published in L'architecture d'aujourd'hui 101 (1962): XXXVII; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 3, folder 31

"Nouvel usage de constructions tridimensionnelles en urbanisme," circa 1962

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Introduction for article published in Column (Tokyo). Boîte: 24B6.
box 2, folder 1-4

"L'architecture mobile," 1963 September 15

Scope and Content Note

Fourth distributed edition of the manifesto. Typescript; working draft; two original copies of distributed work; photocopy of English translation. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 3, folder 35

"La théorie des systèmes compréhensibles et son application à l'urbanisme (résumé)," 1963 September 15

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Published as "Résumé de la théorie des systèmes compréhensibles et son application à l'urbanisme" in Europäisches Bau-Forum 5 (1964): 815-816; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 24B.6, 37, unnumbered.
box 3, folder 17

"Ports on Channel Bridge," 1963

Scope and Content Note

Published in Architectural Design 33 (1963): 158-159; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 3, folder 18

"Les villes-ponts," 1963

Scope and Content Note

Published in Techniques et architecture (1963):13-15; tearsheet, photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37, unnumbered.
box 3, folder 19

"Towards a Mobile Architecture," 1963

Scope and Content Note

Published in Architectural Design 33 (1963): 509-510; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 3, folder 29

"Mobile Architektur," 1963

Scope and Content Note

Published in Werk 50, no. 2 (1963): 45-57; partial photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 3, folder 20

"'Mobiler' Städtebau," 1963

Scope and Content Note

Published in Bauwelt (1963): 14-15; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4, folder 1

"Une tendance en architecture (une introduction)," 1964 July 30

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and typescript. Introduction for January 1965 fascicle of Kindai Kentiku. Boîte: 24D.
box 4, folder 2

"L'industrialisation et la ville," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Published in Techniques et architecture 25 (1964): 176-177; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 4, folder 3-4

"La théorie des systèmes compréhensibles et son application à l'urbanisme," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Published in L'architecture d'aujourd'hui 115 (1964): 28-29; tearsheets, photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 5

"L'urbanisme comme système compréhensible," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Lecture delivered at Harvard University and the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh; handwritten draft; variant typescript copies; prints of images. Published in Techniques et architecture (1964): 153-155; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 24B.6, 26, 37, AncienOrig.2, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 6

"Mobil Arkitektur," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Published in Byggekunst 46 (1964): 108-109; fascicles of journal, photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 6

"Byplan som Fattbart System/L'urbanisme comme système compréhensible," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Published in Byggekunst 46 (1964): 110-112; fascicles of journal, photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 7

"Actual Problems of Town-Planning," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and drawings; typescript with note that part I is a summary of a lecture given at Harvard University and Carnegie Mellon University in March 1964. Published as "Problems of Town-Planning" in Arts and Architecture 81 (1964): 30-31, 38-39; fascicles of journal, photocopies of published article. Boîte: 24B.6, 38, AncienOrig.2, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 8

"Towards a Coherent System of Planning," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Published in Architectural Design 34 (1964): 371-372; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4, folder 9

Contribution to "Gestaltungsprobleme der Gegenwart," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Published in Werk 51 (1964): 112-113; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4, folder 10

"Une proposition concernant la ville de New York," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, typescripts, notes. Boîte: 91.2, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 11

"Une proposition concernant les villes-ponts," 1964

Scope and Content Note

Published in Werk 51 (1964): 252-253; partial photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4, folder 12

"La théorie des systèmes compréhensibles: Une proposition," circa 1964

Scope and Content Note

Typescript drafts. Published in unidentified journal: 167-197; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37, 128, GRI2A.
box 4, folder 13

"Les infrastructures possibles," 1964-1965

Scope and Content Note

Paper delivered at the University of California, Berkeley and at the University of Strasbourg; includes handwritten draft, typescripts, notes. Published in Europäisches Bau-Forum 5 (1965): 1029-1030; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 24B.6, 37, 91.2, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 23

"Conférence à la Maison des Beaux-Arts à Paris, le 6.4.1965," 1965 April

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts. Boîte: 92.1.
box 4, folder 14

"Réflexions sur l'architecture de l'avenir," 1965 October 8

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts of various sections, together with handwritten and typescript drafts of "Critères pour la planification des villes." Published together in Réalisations du bâtiment et des travaux publics 2 (1966); photocopy of offprint. Boîte: 37, 91.2, 92.1.
box 4, folder 15

"Infrastrutture possibili," 1965

Scope and Content Note

Published in Casabella 297 (1965): 44-47; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4, folder 16

"Infrastructures for New York and Los Angeles," 1965

Scope and Content Note

Published in Art and Architecture (1965): 26-27; fascicles of journal, photocopy of published article, copies of images. Boîte: 38, 92.1, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 17

"Une architecture pour des milliards d'hommes," 1965

Scope and Content Note

Published in Problèmes 96 (1965): 31-48; photocopy of published article. Also published in Les visionnaires de l'architecture (Paris: Robert Laffont, 1965): pages 53-85; offprint and photocopy, as well as photocopy of preceding book section "Pourquoi l'urbanisme spatial? de Yona Friedman." Boite: 37, 39, 164Z, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 18

"Une nouvelle façon de rançonner sur l'urbanisme," 1965

Scope and Content Note

Published in Problèmes 96 (1965): 56-59; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 4, folder 20

"L'urbanisme comme système compréhensible," 1965

Scope and Content Note

Published in Europäisches Bau-Forum (1965): 977-978; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4, folder 21

"Mobiler Städtebau: Erklärung des räumlich Städtebaues," 1965

Scope and Content Note

Published in Der Architekt (1965): 24-25; fascicles with published article; photocopy. Boîte: 39, unnumbered.
box 4, folder 21

"Paris spatial," 1965

Scope and Content Note

Published in Der Architekt (1965): 26-27, 37; fascicles with published article. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 4, folder 19

"L'urbanisme spatial," 1965 or later

Scope and Content Note

Compilation published in Revue technique du bâtiment (1965?): 7-18; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 4, folder 22

"A Trend in Architecture: Analysis and Prognosis," 1965

Scope and Content Note

Published in Architectural Design 35 (1965): 52-53; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4A, folder 1

"Architecture de demain," 1966 February 15

Scope and Content Note

Published in unidentified newspaper; partial photocopy of article. Boîte: 37.
box 4A, folder 2

"Development over a Paris Terminal," 1966

Scope and Content Note

Published in Architectural Design 36 (1966): AD7; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 4A, folder 3

"Utilisation de structures tridimensionnelles pour résoudre certains problèmes d'urbanisme," 1966

Scope and Content Note

Proofed typescript. Published in Proceedings of the International Conference on Space Structures, University of Surrey (1966): 1-12; offprint, photocopy. Boîte: 18C, 37, unnumbered.
box 4A, folder 4

"Kriterion der Stadtplanung," 1966

Scope and Content Note

Published in Werk 2 (1966): 23-24; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4A, folder 5

"Infrastructure Joint," 1966

Scope and Content Note

Published in Architectural Design 36 (1966): AD7; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 4A, folder 6

"Recherches de solutions aux problèmes urbains," 1966

Scope and Content Note

Published in Techniques et architecture 27 (1966): 136-139; photocopy of published article; copy of images used in article. Boîte: 18C, 37.
box 4A, folder 7

"Teoria generale della mobilità," 1966

Scope and Content Note

Published in Casabella 306 (1966): 10-15; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4A, folder 8

"Réflexions sur l'architecture de l'avenir," circa 1966

Scope and Content Note

Published in unidentified journal: 27-30; photocopy of published article. Also includes photocopy of single page from Italian version, "Riflessioni sull'architettura dell'avvenire" published in an unidentified journal, page 50-. Boîte: 37.
box 4A, folder 9

"L'art et la ville," 1967 July 22-1968

Scope and Content Note

Submitted for publication in 1967. Published in Leonardo 1 (1968): 51-61; offprint, photocopy of page proofs. Boîte: 37, unnumbered.
box 4A, folder 22

"Une tentative pour l'avenir des villes," 1967 July

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Published in Progrès (1968): 60-68; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37, GRI2B.
box 4A, folder 10

"Projet de 'Nice Futur': 2) Cité sur l'emplacement actuel de l'aéroport de Nice et sur le banc de sable," 1967 October 27

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, carbon copy of typescript, drawings, photostats of drawings. Boîte: 24B.3.
box 4A, folder 11

"Sommaire de l'architecture mobile," 1967

Scope and Content Note

Published in Fylkingen International Bulletin 1 (1967): 22-25; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 4A, folder 12

"Programme de recherche pour une méthode d'urbanisme," 1967

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts. Published in Réalisations du bâtiment et des travaux publics 4 (1967); offprints, photocopy. Boîte: 18C, 18J, 37, 38.
box 4A, folder 13

"A Research Programme for a Scientific Method of Planning," 1967

Scope and Content Note

Published in Architectural Design (1967): 379-381; photocopy of published article. Boite 38.
box 4A, folder 34

"Quelques remarques concernant l'enseignement supérieur," 1968 May 16

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 18F.
box 4A, folder 14

"The Revolt of the Young," 1968 May

Scope and Content Note

Published in Action 2, 21 May 1968: 4-6; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 4A, folder 15

"Remarques sur le structuralisme, concept dont on abuse souvent," 1968 June 1

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 18E.
box 4A, folder 35

"Le rationalisme comme révolution à long terme," 1968 June 9

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 18F
box 4A, folder 36

"La 'vulgarisation' scientifique et sociale comme arme politique," 1968 June 24

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 18F.
box 4A, folder 16

"De la formation de l'architecture," 1968 August 29

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Also includes copy of 1966 proposal for Atelier internationale de recherche pour la planification and letter to Max Querrien, Directeur de l'architecture, Ministère des affaires culturelles. Boîte: 19B.1.
box 4A, folder 20

"Seminar on Methods for Architects/Planners," 1968 September

Scope and Content Note

Title page of preliminary draft. Published in ARCH+ 1 (1968): 27-50; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39, unnumbered.
box 4A, folder 17

"A Short Outline of a Current Social Trend and Its Meaning to Architecture," 1968 October 22

Scope and Content Note

Lecture(?) at Columbia University. Typescript and copies. Boîte: 18E, GRI2B.
box 4A, folder 18

"Vers une démocratisation de la planification," 1968 November 4

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and copies. Published in Neuf 19 (1969): 5-8, in Techniques et architecture 30 (1969) and as "Architecture et urbanisme" in unidentified journal (1970?): 13; photocopies of published articles. Also includes copies of English translation by C. MacKay. Boîte: 18E, 37, 93.2, GRI1A, GRI1B, GRI2A, GRI2B.
box 4A, folder 19

"Gegen den Demokratismus der Planung," 1968 December 27

Scope and Content Note

Published in Allgemeine Bauzeitung, 27 December 1968: 16-18; partial photocopies of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4A, folder 21

"Recherche d'une méthode," 1968

Scope and Content Note

Published in Techniques et architecture 29 (1968): 76-82; photocopy of published article. Also photocopy of Spanish translation, "En busca de un metodo," from unidentified publication, pages 83-112. Boîte: 37, 39.
box 4A, folder 23

"Die Wohndichte: Ein falsches Problem?" 1968

Scope and Content Note

Published in Bauen und Wohnen (1968): 40-41; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4A, folder 24

"Programma di ricerca per una metodologia urbanistica scientifica," 1968

Scope and Content Note

Published in Dibattito urbanistico 17 (1968): 188-124; photocopy of published article; also includes photocopy of article from unidentified publication, pages 139-149. Boîte: 39.
box 4A, folder 25

"Filmprojekt: 'Das Jahr 2000'," 1968

Scope and Content Note

Published in Bauen und Wohnen no. 3 (1968); partial photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4A, folder 26

"La città come meccanismo," 1968

Scope and Content Note

Published in Casabella 326 (1968); photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4A, folder 27

Untitled manuscript, circa 1968

Scope and Content Note

Two brief typescript drafts of text in English on "mapping of architectural plans." Boîte: 18E.
box 4A, folder 28

"Objective Methodologies for Architecture and Planning," circa 1968

Scope and Content Note

Book proposal. Typescript. Boîte: 18E.
box 4A, folder 29

"Développment possible d'une nouvelle société: La societé de 'non-compétition'," 1969 October 30

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and copy of English translation. Boîte: GRI1B, GRI2B.
box 4A, folder 30

"Nice futur," 1969

Scope and Content Note

With Guy Rottier. Published in Neuf 19 (1969): 20-21; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 4A, folder 31

"Hvem Skal Traeffe Valget og Hvordan?," 1969

Scope and Content Note

Published in Arkitektur og billedkunst (1969): 22-26; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 4A, folder 32

"Hacia una democratización de la planificación," circa 1969

Scope and Content Note

Copy of typescript. Article published in unidentified journal, circa 1969: 75-78; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39, GRI2B.
box 4A, folder 33

"Sommaire du séminaire pour les 'Méthodes objectives pour les architectes et autres planificateurs'," late 1960s

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, includes outline of ideas and elements later published as Pour une architecture scientifique. Typescript and copies, also includes summary of a videotape course. Boîte: 19B.1, 19B.2, 93.1.
box 4A, folder 37

"Flatwriter," circa 1969-1970

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and carbon copy, each with hand-drawn images. One copy attached to copy of letter sent to Olivier Todd concerning television program. Boîte: 19B.2, GRI2B.
box 5, folder 1

"Future's Town as an Act of Choice: How to Prepare It," 1970

Scope and Content Note

Paper delivered in Kyoto, April 1970. Published in Challenges from the Future: Proceedings of the International Future Research Conference (Tokyo, 1970): 363-371. Materials include handwritten draft; copy of typescript; uncorrected galley proofs; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 19B.2, 19O, 38, 39, unnumbered.
box 5, folder 2

"Vers la démocratisation de l'environnement (ou comment sortir d'une impasse?)," 1970

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and photocopy; typescript with additional material and partial copy; typescript of English translation and copies. French version published in Techniques et architecture 32 (1970): 82-87; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 19B.2, 37, 93.2, GRI1A, GRI1B.
box 5, folder 3

Contribution to "Umfrage zur Architektenausbildung," 1970

Scope and Content Note

Published in Werk 57 (1970): 682; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 5, folder 4

"De la possibilité des 'utopies' sociales et techniques," 1971 January 21

Scope and Content Note

Paper presented at the Congres International du I.E.E.E. in Mexico, 21 January 1971; handwritten and typescript drafts, with copy; typescript in English. Boîte: 19B.2, 23, 27F, 93.2.
box 5, folder 5

"Concernant Gaudi," 1971 May 5

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, typescript. Boîte: 93.2.
box 5, folder 6

"Two Papers about the Description of Social Systems: Research Project concerning 'Natural Laws' of Urban Behavior and about the Possibility of Social Utopias and about Social Ecology," 1971 August 31

Scope and Content Note

Presented at the Symposium on Trends in Mathematical Modeling (Venice, Italy, 13-18 December 1971), under the auspices of UNESCO with the Laboratory of Studies on Research and Documentation of CNR. Handwritten draft; typescripts; photocopies of UNESCO distribution copy; photocopy of published natural laws article in Spanish from unknown source, pages 273-287. Boîte: 19B.1, 19B.2, 19O, 39, 93.2.
box 5, folder 7

"A 'Non-Paternalistic' Attitude in Using Models of Social Organizations," 1971

Scope and Content Note

Presented at the Symposium on Trends in Mathematical Modeling (Venice, Italy, 13-18 December 1971), under the auspices of UNESCO. Early handwritten draft, entitled "The Lacking Mathematical Model;" typescript and carbon. Published in International Seminar on Trends in Mathematical Modelling (Berlin, 1973): 31-40; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 19B.1, 39, 93.2.
box 5, folder 8

"L'expression individuelle, son rôle et ses possibilités dans l'architecture de l'avenir," 1971

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopy of English version. French version published in Architecture formes + functions 16 (1971): 77-80; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37, GRI1A, GRI2B. For French typescript, see Box 12, folder 11.
box 5, folder 9

"The Flatwriter: Choice by Computer," 1971

Scope and Content Note

Published in Progressive Architecture 52 (1971): 98-101; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 38, 39.
box 5, folder 10

"La ville totale," 1971

Scope and Content Note

With Kenzo Tange, Nicholas Negroponte, Richard Buckminster Fuller. Published in 2000 24 (1971): 5-7; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 5, folder 11

"Tentative de description 'objective' de l'organisation sociale," 1971

Scope and Content Note

Published in Techniques et architecture 33, no. 4 (1971): 94-96; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 5, folder 12

"Problèmes particuliers pouvant être abordés par la théorie du stockage-réglage," circa 1971

Scope and Content Note

With Christian Goux. Typescripts and related materials. Boîte: 93.2.
box 7, folder 1-6

Pour une architecture scientifique , 1971

Scope and Content Note

Copies of sections of typescript of English edition, one annotated; handwritten and typescript drafts of sections of French edition; copies of varying versions of images; photocopies of sections of published English edition and title page of Russian edition; French typescript table of contents; figures with translated captions for Spanish edition. Also includes figures on vellum from originating seminar courses and drawings of variations of title page. Boîte: 10B.6, 14C, 19C, 19O, 23, 27C, 47, 47B, 93.2, 94.2, 102B, 163G, unnumbered, GRI1A, GRI1B, GRI2A.
box 5, folder 13

"Société=environnement," 1972 January

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft (with note for Miguet); typescript of English version on trace, notes. Boîte: 120, unnumbered.
box 5, folder 14

"Projet: Enseignement dans l'écoles primaires et secondaires de la planification (architecture et urbanisme) à effectuer directement par l'utilisateur," 1972 May 15

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typecsript drafts. Boîte: 120.1, 135.
box 5, folder 14

"Projet d'un ensemble 'autoplanifié' (ensemble dessiné par les futurs habitants)," 1972 July 15

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 135.
box 5, folder 15

"About the 'Critical Group'," 1972 August 1

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Published as "The Critical Group Size" in Architectural Design (1973): 44-45; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38, 120.
box 5, folder 16

"On Models of Utopias and Social Ecology," 1972

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, typescript drafts. Published in Leonardo 5 (1972): 37-41; production materials; offprints and photocopy. Boîte: 38, 93.2, 94.2, unnumbered.
box 5, folder 17

"L'organisation des 'autres'," 1972

Scope and Content Note

Published in Techniques et architecture (1972): 109-111; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 5, folder 18

"Un modèle topologique des relations sociales," 1972

Scope and Content Note

Published in Épistémologie sociologique 14 (1972): 73-106; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 5A, folder 6-8

"Projet d'un institut de design," 1972-1973, 1977(?)

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts of progressive proposals with images, and photocopies; budgets and equipment sourcing; includes funding proposal for Sommer-Allibert. Boîte: 19, 19A, 120.1, 120.2, 135, 138B, unnumbered. See also Box 5, folder 14.
box 5, folder 19

"Projet d'un groupe de travail de recherche architecturale à l'école speciale d'architecture à Paris," 1973 January 24

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 122.
 

"Premiers tests d'un 'modèle d'équilibre'," 1973 April

Scope and Content Note

Report on "urban mechanisms" for Atelier Parisien d'Urbanisme (APUR). Includes copies of report, one with colored diagrams; drawings on trace, with photocopies; also materials related to "Action 'Meteo urbain'." Boîte: 22C, 22D, 22E, 22F, 88, 138A. See also Box 5, folder 25.
box 5A, folder 1-2

Papers

box 132*, folder 1

Oversize material

box 5, folder 20

"Introduction," 1973 September 25

Scope and Content Note

Possibly preface for catalog of exhibition featuring the work of John Lautner and the firm Daniel, Mann, Johnson and Mendenhall. Handwritten drafts, typescripts and photocopies; also photocopies and offprints relating to the work of Lautner and DMJM. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 5, folder 21

"Vers un 'monde pauvre' ou comment la pénurie nous évitera de courir à la catastrophe," 1973 November

Scope and Content Note

Note in later English translation dates original French manuscript to November 1973. Handwritten drafts and photocopy; photocopies of typescript; photocopy of published article in unidentified publication, pages 170-187. Boîte: 39, 53, 122.
box 5, folder 23

"Où va l'architecture," 1973

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy from unidentified publication: VI 1-VI 11. Boîte: 37.
box 5, folder 25

"Planning Proposals for Paris Tested by the Urban Mechanism Group," 1973

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts; drawings on trace with publication notations; photocopies of drawings with added color. Published in Architectural Design (1973): 790-791; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 22D, 22E, 38, 122.
 

"Pictogrammes," 1973-1977

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies, with images, in French and English. Also includes sections of Genesis and Friedman's "African Tales" written in pictographs, lexicon and correlation with Chinese ideographs. Boîte: 12, 89D, 89M, 92.2, 113H, 115, 115A, 116A, 139A, 140D, 147I, unnumbered.
box 5A, folder 3-5

Papers

box 132*, folder 2

Oversize photocopies

box 5, folder 22

"Méthode des mécanismes urbains exemples," circa 1973

Scope and Content Note

Published in unidentified journal, volume 29, number 3; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 5, folder 26

"Histoire d'une idée," circa 1973

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts with photocopies; copies of letters sent to Max Blumenthal. Published in Techniques et architecture: 110-111; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37, 122.
box 5, folder 27

"Méthodologie de l'architecture," circa 1973

Scope and Content Note

Tentative(?) title of lecture in Bucharest; handwritten and typescript drafts. Boîte: 120.1.
box 5, folder 24

"Project: International Investigation about the 'Critical Group' Phenomenon," circa 1973

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of typescript; handwritten French version. Boîte: 113B, 122, AncienOrig.2.
box 6A, folder 16-17A

"Manuel d'enseignement de l'architecture aux écoles primaires et secondaires," 1973

Scope and Content Note

Early drafts of work that became "Le langage de l'autoplanification: manuel des enseignants." See Series II, Box 19. Materials include handwritten drafts and copies (some copies heavily annotated); drawings; copies of pages of "Comment dessiner ma maison" manual; correspondence; receipts. Also included here is a folder of childrens' drawings of houses. Boîte: 19A, unnumbered.
box 6, folder 1

"Planning in Paris: From Upstairs or from Downstairs," 1974 October

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 43B.1.
box 6, folder 2

"Sur la 'grève civile'," 1974 November 21

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, typescripts, annotated copy. Boîte: 113.
box 6, folder 3

"Introduction à l'analyse: Une application du principe du stockage-réglage," 1974 December 20

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 43B.1.
box 6, folder 4

"Towards a 'Poor World' or How Scarcity Might Prevent the Catastrophe," 1974

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies. Slightly variant version published in Architectural Design (1974): 442-444; photocopies of article. Boîte: 38, 113A, 134/144, 153.1, AncienOrig.2, unnumbered.
box 6, folder 5

"Arguments for a Poor World," 1974

Scope and Content Note

Published in Futures (1974): 334-339; offprint and photocopy. Boîte: 38, 53.
box 6, folder 6

"Une pauvreté nécessaire," 1974

Scope and Content Note

Published in Gulliver 11 (1974): 52-65; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 6, folder 7

"Model of a Poor World," 1974

Scope and Content Note

Text followed by "manual" section; published in unidentified journal, Fall 1974: 3-24; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 6, folder 8

"User Design," 1974

Scope and Content Note

Published in Architectural Design (1974): 699-700; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 6, folder 9

"Groups and Networks," 1974

Scope and Content Note

Published in Associations internationales (1974): 274-285; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 6, folder 10

"International Relations: Consequences of Communications Difficulties," 1974

Scope and Content Note

Paper for International Seminar on International Relations and Mathematical Models, in Brasov, Romania, 1974. Materials include composite manuscript created from typewritten and photocopied elements; photocopy of related but variant text; hand-drawn chart; photocopy of published article from unidentified source, pages 430-441. Boîte: 39, 153.1.
box 6, folder 29

Review of Environmental Psychology by H.M. Proshansky, 1974

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft of text. Published in Leonardo 7 (1974): 271-272. Boîte: 122.
box 6, folder 11

"Infrastructure et 'autoplanification'," circa 1974

Scope and Content Note

Published in unidentified journal; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 6, folder 30

Chapter introduction for "Computer-Aided Participatory Design," circa 1974

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft; photocopy of corrected chapter text by Negroponte; notes. Published in Nicholas Negroponte, Soft Architecture Machines (Cambridge, 1975). Boîte: 120.1.
box 6, folder 12

"Some New Approaches to Building (Self-building, Self-repair, Self-planning): 1) New Approach to Building as a Result of Impending Scarcity, 2) Self-planning as a Result of Communication Difficulties," circa 1973-1975

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of typescript. Boîte: 142, AncienOrig.2.
box 6, folder 13

"New Problems Concerning the Industrialization of Constructions," circa 1974-1975

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts with photocopies; brief summary of lecture given in Hannover; notes. Boîte: 43B.1, 122.
box 6, folder 14

"The World City: A Problem of Communication," 1975 May

Scope and Content Note

Paper for the Intergovernmental Bureau for Informatics (IBI) colloquium, Ottawa. Typescript and photocopies. Boîte: 113, 113A.
box 6, folder 15

"Les problèmes posées par l'information," 1975 September 15

Scope and Content Note

Complement to the project, Research and Human Needs. Handwritten drafts and typescripts. Boîte: 113, 113E.
box 6, folder 16

"Research and Human Needs: Information Development through Information Popularization," 1975 November 29

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft; typescript and photocopies. Also expanded copies with "annexes." Boîte: 100.1, 113, 113E, 116E, AncienOrig.2.
box 6, folder 17

"A Project for a Soft World-Exposition for the Year 1979 Dedicated to Worldwide Environmental Problems and Organized under the Auspices of the U.N.E.P.," 1975 December 2

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts; photocopies of typescript; handwritten draft, typescript and copies of earlier proposition in French. Also includes correspondence with United Nations Environment Programme officials. Boîte: 113, 113E, AncienOrig2, unnumbered.
box 6, folder 18

"Social Minimum and Social Maximum: A Problem of Behavior Change and Global Communication," 1975

Scope and Content Note

Published in Analysen und Prognosen (May 1975): 14; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 6, folder 19

"Urbanismus und individuelle Architektur," 1975

Scope and Content Note

Published in Du (November 1975): 15-39; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 6, folder 20

"Architecture by Yourself," 1975

Scope and Content Note

Composite draft and photocopy of lecture(?), as well as partial copy of later expanded version. Boîte: 140, 43B1. Published in Professionals and Urban Form (Albany, 1983): 340-349; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 39, 140.
box 6, folder 21

"Des places couvertes pour la ville," 1975

Scope and Content Note

Published as fascicle of Le carré bleu 1975, no. 1; partial photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37.
box 9, folder 1-2

Utopies réalisables, 1975

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript text and notes, with photocopies; article-length typescript from 1971 with same title; photocopies of earlier articles; book proposal; outline; photocopies of German edition table of contents, with annotations. Also includes published excerpts. Boîte: 19B.2, 23, 39, 92.2, 94.2, 100.1, 113, 120.1, 122.
box 6, folder 22

"Wellbeing in Cities and in the Future," 1975-1976

Scope and Content Note

Paper for the World Environment and Resources Council Conference on the Environment of Human Settlements, Brussels, April, 1976. Handwritten draft, typescript and photocopies; also conference submission guidelines, images and packet of copies of publication samples. Published in The Environment of Human Settlements: Human Well-being in Cities (Oxford, 1976): 303-308; photocopy of published paper. Boîte: 39, 113A, 153.8, AncienOrig.2.
box 6, folder 23

"The Babel Syndrome," 1975-1977

Scope and Content Note

Published in Ceres (September-October 1975): 48-52. Copy of typescript on submission (?) form, notes, photocopies of published article. Also German translation, "Das Babel-Syndrom," published in Technologie und Politik 9 (1977): 67-80; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 14C, 38, 39, 50, 100.1, 102B, 142, 164Z.
box 6, folder 24

"Quelques remarques sur l'art dans la rue," circa 1975

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies. Boîte: 141.
box 6, folder 25

"Design for the Unknown: The Self-Design," circa 1975

Scope and Content Note

Book proposal, includes outline of chapters with manuscript and typescript sections of text, photocopies. Boîte: 142.
box 6, folder 26

"Programme de recherche : Le rôle de l'architecture pour la 'qualité de la vie'," circa 1975

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, typescript and composite drafts, copies; includes funding request for Societé Civile de l'Autoplanification (see Box 79, folder 4). Boîte: 113A, 142, 153.8.
box 6, folder 27

"Comment s'aider soi-même à survivre (Self-help for Survival)," circa mid 1970s

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts with corrections. Published in Werk 63 (1976): 34-36; Boîte: 113.
box 6, folder 28

"Immediate Education for Survival," circa 1975-1978

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts and variant composite manuscript. Boîte: 113D, 138F, 147D.
box 18A, folder 8

"Obstacles de la planification," circa mid 1970s

Scope and Content Note

Outline, notes and sketches. Boîte: 113.
box 6A, folder 1

"Urban Agriculture as Lifeboat of Civilization," 1976 May 18

Scope and Content Note

Published in Mainichi Daily News; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 39, 158.7.
box 6A, folder 2

"Was nicht gesagt wurde bei dem Treffen des Clubs von Rome über dem Bericht Rio," 1976 November 15

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of handwritten draft. Boîte: 100.1, 114G.
box 6A, folder 3

"Food and Shelter: How to Achieve It?" 1976

Scope and Content Note

Published in RIBA Journal 88 (1976): 400; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 6A, folder 4

"Le Centre administratif de la C.D.C. à Ivry-sur-Seine," 1976

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts; typescript. Published in Werk 63 (1976): 34-36; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37, 113, 113B.
box 6A, folder 5

"Draft of a Report on Some Problems and Potential Solutions of the Housing Problem in a Region of Developing Countries," 1977 April-May

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO; photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 138F, 140A.
box 6A, folder 6

"Project: External Decoration of Houses in Poor Neighborhoods to Equalize Status Symbols," 1977 June 10

Scope and Content Note

Proposal for UNESCO, typescript. Boîte: 138F.
box 6A, folder 6

"Project: Distant Ecological Impact of Cities," 1977 June 10

Scope and Content Note

Proposal for UNESCO, typescript. Boîte: 138F.
box 6A, folder 7

"Un programme de populariser l'information utile à l'auto-assistance pour la survie," 1977 August 10

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of typescript. Boîte: 113D, 138E.
box 6A, folder 8

"No-Cost Housing: Working Document Prepared for Seminar on Housing for Low-Income Families in the Arab Region, Cairo, 14-18 November 1977," 1977 August 16

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO; distribution copy. Also Spanish translation "Viviendo sin costo." Boîte: 138, 140A.
box 6A, folder 9

"'Plein emploi' ou 'plein chomage'?" 1977 September 30

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 139C.
box 6A, folder 10

"About Critical Groupsize," 1977 October 14-1980

Scope and Content Note

Paper presented at the United Nations University (UNU) Project on Goals, Processes and Indicators of Development (GPID) II meeting in Geneva, 9-14 January 1977. Typescripts and photocopy of article from 1980 UNU publication; also earlier handwritten draft, entitled "The Principle of Critical Groupsize." Boîte: 114, 114F, 138, 165P.
box 6A, folder 11

"Mémoire sur le problème des ateliers d'artistes à Paris," 1977 November 22

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript with drawings. Boîte: 140D.
box 6A, folder 12

"La 'quaternalisation'," 1977 December 26

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopy. Boîte: 139C.
box 6A, folder 13

Editorial, 1977

Scope and Content Note

Published in World Future Studies Federation Newsletter , November 1977: 1-3; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38, 140B.
box 6A, folder 14

"Technical Solutions to the Social Impacts of Classical Low Cost Housing in Third World Countries," 1977

Scope and Content Note

Paper for the Cairo conference. Photocopies of typescript. Boîte: 113A, 142, AncienOrig.2.
box 6A, folder 15

"Esquisse d'une théorie de description scientifique basée sur les échanges," 1977-1979

Scope and Content Note

Paper for Association française pour la cybernétique économique et technique (AFCET) congress. Handwritten drafts and photocopies; notes; call for papers; correspondence; carbon of typescript. Also includes typescripts and photocopies for 1979 expanded version. Published in Modélisation et maîtrise des systèmes: techniques, économiques, sociaux. Actes du congrès de l'AFCET à Versailles, 21-24 novembre 1977 (Suresnes, 1977): 199-210; photocopies of published paper. Boîte: 39, 112, 131E, 140B.
box 8, folder 3

"Rapport sur la faisibilité d'un institut régional de l'habitat de subsistance pour les états membres de la region arabe," 1978 January

Scope and Content Note

Paper for UNESCO; typescript and photocopy. Boîte: 114B, 138E.
box 8, folder 1

"Project: L'impact environmental à distance qui résulte de la croissance des villes," 1978 April 27

Scope and Content Note

Proposal for Man and the Biosphere (MAB) project / UNESCO; typescript. Boîte: 138F.
box 8, folder 10

"Art and the Future," 1978 June 5

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopy. Published in Art and the Future. Collected Papers of the First International Conference on Art and the Future, Indonesia, 8-15 July, 1978 (Toyabungkah, 1978): 131-134; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 38, 140D, unnumbered.
box 8, folder 27

"Les cités du futur," 1978 June 24

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 140.
box 8, folder 8

"Project: Manuel concernant certaines méthodes d'explicitation entre experts," 1978 June 25

Scope and Content Note

Proposal for UNESCO; typescript. Boîte: 138F.
box 8, folder 9

"L'UNESCO pour tous," 1978 June

Scope and Content Note

Proposal for UNESCO; typescript in French and photocopy of typescript of English translation. Boîte: 138E.
box 8, folder 2

"About Implicit Limitations of Satisfactors for Needs," 1978 September 15

Scope and Content Note

Paper written for UNU / GPID project; typescript and photocopy. Boîte: 115F, 138.
box 8, folder 7

"Summary: Introductory Talk to the Discussions in La Paz, Bolivia," 1978 November 28

Scope and Content Note

Paper for the UNESCO Seminar on Housing for Low-income Families; typescript. Boîte: 138F.
box 8, folder 4

"The Quaternary Sector," 1978

Scope and Content Note

Paper written for the GPID III meeting, for the UNU; typescript and photocopy. See also Box 8, folder 11. Boîte: 139C, unnumbered.
box 8, folder 5

"Die Quaternalisation," 1978

Scope and Content Note

Paper delivered at Internationale Arbeitstatung, Berlin, 23.-26.11.78. Published in Konferenzdokumentation Bedingungen des Lebens in der Zukunft und die Folgen für die Erziehung (Berlin, 1978): 2-17; photocopy of published paper. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 8, folder 6

"Le 'secteur D' de l'économie," 1978

Scope and Content Note

Published in Futuribles 15: 331-338; photocopies of published article and interpretation of fascicle cover. Boîte: 37, 139C, 143.1, unnumbered.
box 9, folder 7

L'architecture de survie, où s'invente aujourd'hui le monde de demain , 1978

Scope and Content Note

Extracts, including translations into English. One extract published as "L'architecture de survie - La ville de survie," in proceedings of Urban Space for Life and Work conference. Boîte: 39, 138E, 140A, 143.1, 153.3.
box 8, folder 28

"Explanatory Note about the Processus of 'Self-Planning' Implemented for the Design of the Lycée 'David d'Angers'," circa 1978

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 140.
box 8, folder 23

Institut national d'études et de recherches du bâtiment (INERBA) report, circa 1978

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Typescript. Boîte: 138E.
box 8, folder 12

"La 'quaternalisation'," 1979 January 10

Scope and Content Note

Published in Le monde January 10, 1979: 2; clipping and photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37, 100.1, 102B, 141.
box 8, folder 15

"About Routine," 1979 May 15

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies. Published as an editorial in World Future Studies Federation Newsletter , September 1979: 3; photocopies of published article (some include sheet of corrections). Boîte: 38.1C, 35I, 140B, unnumbered.
box 8, folder 21

"Project of a Pilote Operation Helping to Make Acceptable Local Construction Methods in Lowest Income Communities," 1979 May 15

Scope and Content Note

Project to be proposed to the United Nations Agency for Habitat (UNAH) and UNESCO; composite manuscript is part typescript and part photocopy. Boîte: 138F.
box 8, folder 16

"Ce que les architectes peuvent apprendre des villages urbains et ce que les villages urbains peuvent apprendre des architectes," 1979 June 5

Scope and Content Note

Paper for Seminaire de L'Union internationale des architectes (UIA) sur l'habitat, Jakarta, 1979; photocopy. Also typescript and photocopies of English translation, "What Can Learn Architects from Urban Villages and What Can Learn Urban Villages from Architects." See also Box 10, folder 3. Boîte: 140A, unnumbered.
box 8, folder 19

"Communication between Citizens and Responsibles for Cultural Actions: Introduction." 1979 June 8

Scope and Content Note

Paper for Council of Europe, Council for Cultural Co-operation, Cultural Affairs, Cultural Development Policies in Towns, Strasbourg, 6 June 1979; also French version, "La communication entre le citoyen et les responsables de l'action culturelle;" photocopies of distribution copy. Boîte: 140B.
box 8, folder 26

"Réponses à la consultation 'Communication et territoire'," 1979 August 15

Scope and Content Note

Typescript with photocopies, one annotated. Boîte: 14B, 100.1, 137G, 140B.
box 8, folder 17

"Workshop for the Preparation of a Manual Serving for the Formation of 'Kampung-Architects', Jakarta 1980," 1979 October 10

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies. Boîte: 140A, unnumbered.
box 8, folder 30

"Autoplanification de l'habitat pavillonaire sur une structure d'accueil," 1979 November 10

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript; expanded composite manuscript, with drawings on trace; as well as related typescript, "Possibilités de matérialisation de l'habitat pavillonaire sur structure d'accueil." See also Green Architecture, Box 63. Boîte: 138C, unnumbered.
box 8, folder 14

"Proposition pour la préparation de manuels sur une 'science de la survie'," 1979 November 15

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopy. Also includes list of early fascicles for project and outlines for fascicles on energy and space management. Boîte: 138B, unnumbered.
box 8, folder 20

"Quelques remarques sur la relation entre la forme bâtie d'une ville et la consommation d'énergie," 1979 November 22

Scope and Content Note

Two versions, one with illustrations; photocopies; composite draft. Boîte: 138?, unnumbered.
box 8, folder 13

"Urban Agriculture: A Model of Development Customary in Developing Countries. A Possible Complement to Current European Lifestyle," 1979 November 27

Scope and Content Note

Paper delivered at the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Regional Seminar on Alternative Patterns of Development and Lifestyles, Ljubljana, 3-8 December 1979; also includes report on seminar. Variant versions in typescripts and photocopies. Boîte: 100.1, 140, 140F, unnumbered.
box 8, folder 18

"About the Planner's Attitude towards Subsistance Economy," 1979 December 22

Scope and Content Note

Paper for the 7th Eastern Regional Organization for Planning and Human Settlements (EAROPH) Conference in Kuala Lumpur, 1979. Typescript and photocopy. Boîte: 140A, 153.3.
box 8, folder 11

"The Quaternary Sector," 1979

Scope and Content Note

Distributed by the UNU, an expanded version of a paper delivered at GPID III, with visual presentation. Included are distribution copy and typescript of added section, "Some additional remarks concerning the quaternary sector." See also Box 8, folder 4. Boîte: 53, 139C. Published in Human Systems Management 2 (1981):44-52; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 38, 39.
box 8, folder 22

"Communiquer avec l'usager," 1979

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of handwritten draft, handwritten sections. Published in Techniques et architecture 328 (1979): 121-123; photocopy of proofs, photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37, 102B, 140.
box 8, folder 24

"Der vierte Sektor - eine praktische Utopie," 1979

Scope and Content Note

Published in Anders Arbeiten - Anders Wirtschaften (Frankfurt, 1979): 66-77; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 8, folder 29

""L'habitat periurbain: en période de crise, une solution à la survie des citadins," 1979

Scope and Content Note

Published in Metropolis: 62-64; photocopy of corrected proofs and published article. Boîte: 37, 138C.
box 8, folder 31

"L'architecture verte," circa 1979

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 138C.
box 8, folder 25

"Projet pour un centre d'enseignement populaire de l'architecture," circa 1979

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies. Boîte: 138B, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 12

"Note concernant une expérience en matière de rapports entre bureaux de poste et usagers," 1980 January 25

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopy. Boîte: 153.7, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 40

"Some Remarks to the Manual for Training of Motivators 'Self-Help in Low Cost Housing' Prepared by F.I.T.," 1980 March 9

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137I.
box 10, folder 4

"Implementation Problems for Need Oriented Policies," 1980 March 21

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopy. Boîte: 138, 141.
box 10, folder 33

"Des bandes dessinées pour mieux vivre," 1980 May 11

Scope and Content Note

Published in Le monde dimanche May 11 1980; clipping and photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37, 100.1, 102B, 141.
box 10, folder 2

"Compte rendu des démarches effectuées en Inde au sujet de l'opération 'l'UNESCO pour tous'," 1980 May 16

Scope and Content Note

Typescript; photocopy of letter to Federico Mayor. Boîte: 138E.
box 10, folder 1

"The Modus Operandi Proposed for the Project 'UNESCO for People'," 1980 May 22

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 138E.
box 10, folder 5

"Remarques générales sur le projet et sur la mission de l'architecte," 1980 June 2

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies. Boîte: 138C, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 11

"Operation 'Summer Clock All the Year Round'," 1980 July 10

Scope and Content Note

Typescript, drawing and photocopy of letter received; photocopies. Boîte: 141, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 7

"The New Accountancy," 1980 August 15

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137G.
box 10, folder 8

"Un fonctionnariat contingent?" 1980 September 25

Scope and Content Note

Typescript drafts and photocopy. Published as "Un contingent pour la fonction publique?" in IFDA Dossier 23 (1981): 86-89; photocopies of published article Boîte: 37, 137C, 137G, 137O.
box 10, folder 14

"Pourquoi ne pas arrêter les échanges commerciaux entre 'nord' et 'sud'?" 1980 October 10

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopy. Boîte: 137G, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 9

"L'obsolescence nécessaire des interventions humaines dans la nature," 1980 December 9

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies. Boîte: 100.1, 137C, unnumbered
box 10, folder 10

"Social Relevance of Design, Particularly for Lowest Income Classes," 1980 December 18

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies. Boîte: 137I, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 3

"Que peuvent apprendre les architectes des villages urbains et que peuvent apprendre les villages urbains des architectes?" 1980

Scope and Content Note

Published in Espaces et société 32-33 (1980): 43-54; photocopy of published article. See also Box 8, folder 16. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 10, folder 6

"La nouvelle abondance," 1980

Scope and Content Note

Book proposal. Typescript and photocopies of French summary; typescript and photocopy of English summary, typescripts of two versions of English table of contents. Boîte: 100.1, 137G, 137O, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 13

"About Implicit Limitations on Satisfiers," 1980

Scope and Content Note

Published in Human Needs (Berlin, 1980): 151-162; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 39, 42C.
box 10, folder 38

"Project: Popularization of Survival Knowledge (Particularly in Developing Countries)," circa 1980-1981

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137I.
box 10, folder 34

"Projet: Présentation popularisée du Guide du Conseil de l'Europe," circa 1980-1984

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137C.
box 10, folder 34

"Projet: Présentation popularisée de certains aspects du programme du Guide du Conseil de l'Europe 'Préparation à la vie'," circa 1980-1984

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137C.
box 10, folder 36

"Projet du livre: Survivre la crise en la contournant puisqu'on ne peut pas la vaincre," circa 1980-1984

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137C.
box 10, folder 20

"On Eco-democracy," 1981 February 10

Scope and Content Note

Typescript; photocopies of typescript, one with paste-up of bande dessinée. Boîte: 100.1, 137H, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 44

Untitled text on physics, 1981 February 10

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript in English. Boîte: 137F.1.
box 10, folder 42

"Une tentative de langage scientifique anthropomorphe," 1981 February 14

Scope and Content Note

Announcement of lecture by Friedman for La société française de cybernétique et des systèmes généraux with attached manuscript. However, manuscript is a composite draft including sections of photocopy of typescript of "Blueprint for a Scientific Description Theory...," which substantially postdates the lecture. Boîte: 137F.1.
box 10, folder 39

"The Project 'Hanging Garden': Three Examples to Implement the Same Principle," 1981 February 15

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 137I.
box 10, folder 24

"Les deux voies du développement," 1981 March 6

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts with photocopy of manual. Slightly different version published as "Les deux voies," Le Monde 1981 September 2; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37, 102B, 137C, 137O, 141. See also Box 25, folder 9.
box 10, folder 23

"Projected R+D Plant of the C.M.C. in Secunderabad (Andra Pradesh)," 1981 March 14

Scope and Content Note

Typescript with drawings in margin. Boîte: 141.
box 10, folder 18

Untitled text on alternative models of development, 1981 April 20

Scope and Content Note

Typescript in English with added note "pour Kühne." Boîte: 137C.
box 10, folder 16

"A Policy for Design," 1981 July 15

Scope and Content Note

Paper for Design '81, Helsinki, August 1981; typescript and photocopy. Boîte: 137I, unnumbered. Also published version in conference program or report(?); photocopy. Boîte: 39.
box 10, folder 25

"Travailler autrement: Une révolution invisible," 1981 July

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 141.
box 10, folder 21

"Travail, ville, technologie," 1981 August 15

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137C.
box 10, folder 22

"La révolution invisible," 1981 August 18

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137C.
box 10, folder 37

"Case History of Implementation of Kampung Improvement Triggered by the Technique of Manuals in Jakarta, 1981" 1981 September 25

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137I.
box 10, folder 15

"Une politique nord-sud à souhaiter: un développement vers les autarcies locales," 1981 October 20

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies. Boîte: 100.1, 137G, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 17

"Towards a Policy of Urban Survival," 1981

Scope and Content Note

Paper for the conference L'écologie en action, Paris, 22-29 septembre 1981. Includes outline proposal; typescript; composite draft. Published in Ecology in Practice Part II: The Social Response (Dublin, 1984): 47-52; photocopies of published article; UNESCO distribution copy. Boîte: 35.2, 38, 52D, 95.2, 100.1, 102B, 137C, 137O, 164Z, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 19

"The Visual Arts and the Future," 1981

Scope and Content Note

Published in Leonardo 14 (1981): 310; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 38, 140D.
box 10, folder 31

"Science/technologie: instruments complémentaires," 1982 January 8

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137G.
box 10, folder 28

"Nord-Sud: Privilégier les industries locales," 1982 July

Scope and Content Note

Published in La Croix July 30 1982: 2; photocopies of newspaper article/editorial. Boîte: 37, 50, 100.1, 102B.
box 10A, folder 1-2

"Réflexions faites, un plan du livre 'La révolution invisible'," 1982 August 28

Scope and Content Note

Book proposal. Includes typescript outline and photocopy; handwritten notes and photocopies; offprints and photocopies of collected articles. Boîte: 100.1, 139.
box 10, folder 30

Paper for the Otterloo International Conference for Architects and Urbanists, 16-18 September 1982, 1982 September 12

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137G.
box 10, folder 29

"Remarques générales à propos du thème 'Les travaux et les jours' de l'exposition universelle 1989," 1982 October 29

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 141.
box 10, folder 32

"Projet de manuels en bandes dessinées pour familiariser l'opinion publique avec la nature des problèmes mondiaux," 1982 October 29

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 141.
box 10, folder 29

"Remarques particulières à propos du pavillon sur le thème 'Les travaux et les jours'," 1982 November 10

Scope and Content Note

Typescript, photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 141.
box 10, folder 43

"Blueprint for a Scientific Description Theory Based on Anthropomorph Model," 1982 December 24

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 137F.1.
box 10, folder 26

"L'art de la survie," 1982

Scope and Content Note

Published in Autogestions no. 8-9 (1982):89-95; offprint, photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37, 53, 100.1, unnumbered.
box 10, folder 27

"Anthropomorphic Models or the Praise of Mythology/ Les modèles anthropomorphes et l'élogie de la mythologie," 1982

Scope and Content Note

Published in both Impact of Science on Society 32 (1982): 221-224, and Impact: science et société 32 (1982): 249-253; offprints and photocopies of published articles. Also includes photocopy of "Art and the Future." Boîte: 14B, 53, 80E, 102B.
box 10, folder 35

"Zum Thema," 1982

Scope and Content Note

Published in Siedlungsökologie (Karlsruhe, 1982): VII-VIII; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 10, folder 35

"Konzept einer 'Grünen Architektur'," 1982

Scope and Content Note

Published in Siedlungsökologie (Karlsruhe, 1982): 80-83; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 10, folder 35

"Vorschlag für eine Selbstbau-Ökostadt," 1982

Scope and Content Note

Published in Siedlungsökologie (Karlsruhe, 1982): 84-87; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 10, folder 41

"A Silent Development," circa 1981-1983

Scope and Content Note

Book proposal. Includes typescript outline; photocopies of some book elements. Boîte: 137H
box 9, folder 3-6

Alternatives énergétiques ou la civilisation paysanne modernisée , 1982-1983

Scope and Content Note

Typescript drafts of text, with photocopies and annotations; photocopies of images; photocopy of chapter of published work; correspondence; sales catalogs. Boîte: 132, 169CC, unnumbered.
box 11, folder 1

"Note sur les styles de la vie à attendre en 2033," 1983 February 10

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopy. Boîte: 100.1, unnumbered.
box 11, folder 15

"Le droit de comprendre," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of handwritten draft. Published in Pour les droits de l'homme (Choisy-le-Roi, 1983): 207-217; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 39, 100.1, 102B, 137C, unnumbered.
box 18, folder 16

"The Role of Knowledge in Conflict Resolution," circa 1982-1989

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript, with figures. Boîte: 42C.
box 11, folder 4-5

"La nouvelle physiocratie ou une économie basée sur la connaissance," 1983, 1985-1987

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts for French version and English version, "The New Physiocratia or a Knowledge-Based Economy;" notes; photocopies of drafts; photocopy of published article from unidentified publication, pages 35-42. Boîte: 14B, 37, 50, 51, 95.1, 100.1, 102B.
box 11, folder 6

"Communicating with Users," 1984

Scope and Content Note

Published in The Scope of Social Architecture (New York, 1984): 153-160; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 14C, 39A, 52D, 102B.
box 11, folder 14

"A New Look at the Scientific Worldscape and Some Extrapolations concerning Architecture," 1984

Scope and Content Note

Paper presented at the colloquium Subjective Standpoints in Architecture and Science, 14-18 May, 1984, Stuttgart. Published in Subjektive Standorte in Baukunste und Naturwissenschaft, IL36 (1984): 96-97; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 11, folder 13

"Wohnen als Spiegel der Gesellschaft," 1985

Scope and Content Note

Published in Menschlich Wohnen (Darmstadt, 1985): 9-22; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 39, 50.
box 11, folder 18

"Why a Communication Centre," 1985

Scope and Content Note

Published in Journal of Extension Systems 1 (1985): 63-69; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38, 48.1D, 51.
box 11, folder 11

"Comments to the Article of Mr. A. Maller on 'Signs, Symbols, Space in Basic Architectural Design'," 1986 January 29

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten manuscript, photocopies of typescript, copy of original Maller article. Boîte: 14B, 47B.
box 11, folder 7-10

"'Containing Structures' in Space-Frame: A New Medium for Architects," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and notes; photocopies of typescript drafts; composite drafts; photocopies of images. Boîte: 14C, 35G, 110.1, 110.2. Version published as "Space Frames and Span-Over Buildings" in International Journal of Space Structures 6 (1991): 257-265; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 14C, 38, 52D, 102B, unnumbered.
box 11, folder 12

"Communication Centre of Scientific Knowledge for Self-Reliance," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Edited typescript. Published in Leonardo 19 (1986): 333-336; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 15.3, 38, 50.
box 11, folder 17

"Basic Technology: Communication for Self-Reliance," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Published in MIMAR 20 (1986): 60-67; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 38, 39.
box 12, folder 2

"An Architect's Confession," 1987 April 28

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, typescript drafts, photocopies. Boîte: 52D, 71F, unnumbered.
box 12, folder 1

"Cohabitation," 1987 December 1

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 52I.
box 11, folder 2

"Uno strumento di crescita / Museum of Simple Technology: A Tool for Development," 1987

Scope and Content Note

With Eda Schaur. Published in Spazio e società/Space and Society 40 (1987): 86-93; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 11, folder 16

"Einfache Kommunikation, ein Weg zur Ökozivilisation," 1987-1988

Scope and Content Note

With Eda Schaur. Published in Siedlungsökologie, 2. Auflage (Karlsruhe, 1988): 217-225; photocopy of published article. Also includes earlier drafts in German and English with varying titles. Boîte: 39.
box 12, folder 4

"Système de sécurité permettant aux trains circuler à vitesse accrue sur les voies classiques de chemin de fer," 1988 September 14

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and photocopies; drawings and photocopies; photocopy of patent filing receipt. Boîte: 46B.
box 12, folder 3

"Appropriate Technology for Self-Reliance," 1988

Scope and Content Note

Published in Open House International 13 (1988): 10-13; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 11, folder 3

"Mangel-als Motor von Wandel und Veränderung," 1988

Scope and Content Note

Untitled typescript in English. Article was published in German in Siedlungsökologie, 2. Auflage (Karlsruhe, 1988): 28-30. Boîte: 137C.
box 12, folder 5

"Das Flechtwerk als Grundelement eines neuen Stils in der Architektur," 1988

Scope and Content Note

Paper delivered at the international symposium Flechtwerk der Zukunft, 5/11/88 in Coburg; photocopies of published paper?; related manual and images. Boîte: 32D, 39.
box 12, folder 36

"Les conditions de la ville future," circa 1988

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of notes and brief sections of text. Boîte: 32F.
box 12, folder 38

Introduction - untitled, 1989 February 13

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts and photocopy. Boîte: 47B, 71F.
box 12, folder 25

"Vers une perestroïka à l'occidentale?" 1989 November 15

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 71K.
box 12, folder 24

"We Need Convivial Architecture," 1989 December 20

Scope and Content Note

With Eda Schaur. Photocopy of typescript with images. Boîte: 71D.
box 12, folder 34

"Réhabilitation ou réamenagement?' 1989 December

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 71G.
box 12, folder 35

"Editorial: Art and Development," 1989

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Published in Leonardo 22 (1989): 149-150; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 32A, 38.
box 12, folder 6

"Search and Research," 1990 September 16

Scope and Content Note

Paper for Internationales Kolloquium zwischen Forschung und Baukunst, 24.-28. September 1990, Stuttgart. Photocopies of typescript; copy of conference agenda. Boîte: 1D?, 64A, 169CC.
box 12, folder 7

"Un savoir pour survivre," 1990

Scope and Content Note

Published in Alliage 3 (1990): 47-56; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 4G, 37.
box 12, folder 8-12

"Scientific Theory as One of the Fine Arts," 1990-1993

Scope and Content Note

Article published in Leonardo 26 (1993): 359-363, along with special section introduction "Development through Images: An Introductory Remark." Materials include call for papers on topic of "Art and Development;" submissions by other authors on this topic; submission guidelines; correspondence; handwritten and typescript drafts; illustrations; anonymous reader comments. Boîte: 38, 80B, 80C, 80D, 80E. See also L'univers erratique Boxes 14-15.
box 12, folder 37

Illustrations for planned book on architecture, early 1990s

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of images and image list; two varying sets. Boîte: 85I, 165A.
box 12, folder 32

Unititled work on "patrimoine de l'humanité," 1991 February 2

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 69C.
box 12, folder 26

"Une proposition concernant les élections législatives," 1991 March 1

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of typescript; correspondence with Robert Badinter. Boîte: 5C, 69E.
box 12, folder 27

"The Phenomenon of Urban Self-regeneration," 1991 June 10

Scope and Content Note

Paper delivered at the II. International Symposium of the SFB 230, Stuttgart, October 1-4, 1991; published in proceedings of conference, Natürliche Konstruktionen, Mitteilungen des SFB 230 , heft 6 (1992): 25-28. Typescript. Boîte: 5G
box 12, folder 14

"After Postmodernism, What Next?," 1991 September 5?

Scope and Content Note

Composite draft of paper and photocopy of program of conference held in Milan on Friday October 4 and Saturday October 5. Boîte: 1D.
box 12, folder 13

Untitled paper delivered at Technion conference, 1991

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and typescript, with photocopies; also another short paper, "A Special Land-Extension Project (Neo-Polders);" and original multi-colored visualizations and photocopies. Boîte: 4B, 4E.
box 12, folder 28

"Architectural Conservation through Appropriate Reconsideration of Urban Functions," circa 1991

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 5G.
box 12, folder 29

"Comments to Support the Stockholm Initiative," circa 1991

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of typescript; photocopy of Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Boîte: 5A, 5C.
box 12, folder 33

Presentation for the Biennale de Buenos Aires, circa 1991

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript text and images. Boîte: 86J.
box 12, folder 30

"About 'Space-Chains'," 1992 March 25

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 77B.
box 12, folder 15

"Aid for Development through Knowledge," 1992

Scope and Content Note

With Eda Schaur. Published in Trialog 34 (1992): 35-41; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 38, 164Z.
box 12, folder 23

"Beyond Architecture," 1992-1993

Scope and Content Note

Book proposal and material for lecture in Vienna in 1992. Includes notes and photocopies of notes; book proposal and outline, with photocopy; photocopies of some book elements. Boîte: 76E, 88, 89H, 118J.
box 12, folder 16

"Capitalisme social," 1993 April 21

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of typescript; clipping. Boîte: 85J, 169CC.
box 12, folder 17

"Future Research in an Erratic Universe," 1993 May 21

Scope and Content Note

For World Association of Art and Science (WAAS)? Photocopies of typescript; handwritten comments. Boîte: 87A, 168F.
box 12, folder 20-22

"Building Intelligently: The Role of User Expectations," 1993 October 24

Scope and Content Note

Paper for the colloquium "Intelligent Bauen" 10.-12. November 1993, Stuttgart. Call for papers leaflet; handwritten drafts and photocopies; notes and photocopies; photocopies of typescript; also typescript and photocopies of Friedman's remarks from the final discussion session; originals of images; photocopies of text and image layouts, some with corrections. Boîte: 87B, 87C, 87D, 87O, 118AA, 119F, 119H, 119J, 123T, 124B, 127U.
box 12, folder 18

"Romanticism in Architecture – A Presentday View," 1993 November 8

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 118F.
box 12, folder 19

"Transition Structures: From Regular to Erratic," 1993 November 16

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 118G.
box 12, folder 31

"Project: Research for Subjacent Regularities in Urban Growth Processes through Implementation of the 'Urban Mechanisms' Model," 1993 October 14

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft with variant title, and photocopy; typescripts and photocopies, variants, one with annotations. Boîte: 88, 126I.
box 12, folder 39

"Program of Mobile Urbanism," circa 1993

Scope and Content Note

Published in Joan Ockman, Architecture Culture 1943-1968. A Documentary Anthology (New York, Rizzoli, 1993), 274-275; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.
box 13, folder 2

"Fil conducteur," 1994 May 16

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of typescript. Boîte: 123B, 160A.1.
box 13, folder 1

"Bidonvilles: la solution bambou," 1994 May 18

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 124L.
box 13, folder 3

"Thinking about the City," 1994 August 30

Scope and Content Note

Annotated photocopy of typescript and paste-up photocopy of typescript with images inserted in the text. Boîte: 126T, 158K. See also Box 42, folder 21.
box 13, folder 22

"Crumpled Sheet Structures," 1994 September 10

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript with images. Boîte: 126T.
box 13, folder 21

"About Erraticity in Mathematics," 1994 November 22

Scope and Content Note

Annotated typescript. Boîte: 126A.
box 13, folder 4

"About 'Organic Architecture'," 1994 December 7

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 127W.
box 13, folder 8

"Nous ne vivons pas à l'intérieur d'une machine-univers," 1994 December 13

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 127AA.
box 13, folder 10

"About Goals," 1994 December 21

Scope and Content Note

Annotated photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 127H.
box 13, folder 5

"Statement for the WAAS General Assembly, Minneapolis," 1994

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 125C.
box 13, folder 7

"Random Stuctures (provisory title)/Irregular and Transition Structures and Their Use in Architecture," 1994

Scope and Content Note

Paper for Symposium SFB 230: Evolution of Natural Structures. Photocopies of typescript; photocopies of images. Boîte: 119I, 125D, 130O.
box 13, folder 6

"Nature and Architecture: From Randomness to 'Style'," 1994

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of typescripts, one annotated; photocopies of drawings. Published in Evolution of Natural Structures: Principles, Strategies, and Models in Architecture and Nature. Proceedings of the III. International Symposium of the Sonderforschungsbereich 230, Stuttgart, October 4-7, 1994 (Stuttgart, 1994): 223-228; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 123A, 125D, 126T, 158M.
box 14-15

L'univers erratique, 1994

Scope and Content Note

Materials include handwritten drafts; notes; typescript drafts, some with annotations; composite drafts; reader notes; correspondence; related manuals. Includes photocopies of drawings for chapter headings for "L'univers sans nombres." Chapter headings match those of 1986 version of manual "An Anthropomorph Theory of Physics" (see Box 28, folder 5). Boîte: 32G, 32M, 46C, 46BB, 64K, 64L, 79, 88, 90, 118B.
box 18, folder 32

"Le projet de Musée-abri (du point de vue technique)," circa early 1990s(?)

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text and typescripts, with photocopies. Along with sketches, photocopies of drawings and maquettes and articles about his work, these materials form part of a dossier for M. Grenié. Boîte: 88.
box 13, folder 9

"Structures Without Rules and Their Implementation in Architecture," 1994-1996

Scope and Content Note

Corrected typescripts. Published in International Journal of Space Structures 11 (1996): 85-91; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38, 130O, 130LL, 159E.
box 13, folder 11

"Note pour L'aventure humaine au sujet de 'l'art et les nouvelles technologies'," 1995 August 9

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and notes; typescript draft; call for articles; photocopies of drafts, one annotated. Boîte: 158, 158K.
box 13, folder 12-13

"'Cité-Continent' Europe: Un point de vue sur le développement en Europe / Continent-City' Europe: A View on Development in Europe," 1995

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts in French and English with photocopies; typescript drafts and photocopies, some annotated; notes and photocopies; images on tracing paper and photocopies, some annotated; summary of lecture for "Schwerin Dialogue." Boîte: 130A, 157R, 158D, 158E, 158F, 158H, 159O, 160E.
box 18, folder 18

"Au-delà de l'architecture," circa 1995

Scope and Content Note

Book proposal; interviews with Michel Ellenberger combined with selected Friedman articles. Handwritten and typescript outlines, with photocopies; photocopies of typescript interviews. Boîte: 130F, 158K, 158M.
box 13, folder 17

"Rationnel et sur-rationnel," 1995-1996

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts and photocopy with annotations; notes. Published in L'aventure humaine 5 (1996): 55-58; photocopy of published article; offprint. Boîte: 37, 158.2.
box 13, folder 14

"World Models," 1996 July 24

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, annotated photocopy, notes. Boîte: 160C.
box 13, folder 15

"Strutture in 'fogli accartocciati'/Irregular Structures 'Crumpled Sheets'," 1996

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript project descriptions; photocopies of photographs and drawings; correspondence. Published in Zodiac 16 (1996): 124-125; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 39, 160O.4, 163R, 164Z, unnumbered.
box 13, folder 20

"Géométrisation-dégéométrisation/Limits to Geometry in the Field of Architecture," 1996

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts in French and English, with photocopies; notes. Boîte: 159V, 160D.
box 13, folder 23

Untitled work on physical space, 1996

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of text and notes and drawings. Boîte: 162B.
box 13, folder 16

"Philosophie et imprécision," 1997

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts and photocopies; typescript drafts and photocopies; notes. Published in L'aventure humaine 7 (1997): 103-108; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 37, 161C.
box 17, folder 4-5

"Tall Building Aesthetics: A New Style for Skyscrapers," 1997

Scope and Content Note

Paper for Conquest of Vertical Space in the 21st Century, third international conference of the Concrete Society. Materials include abstract, letter from conference organization and publication submission guidelines; handwritten and typescript drafts; photocopies of typescript, some with images, some also with annotations; handwritten draft of "Architecture of Tall Buildings: A Reconsideration of the Aesthetics," and photocopies; drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies. Published in Multi-purpose High-rise Towers and Tall Buildings (London, 1997): 29-37; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38, 160L.2, 163R, unnumbered. For further visualizations, see Box 69.
box 13, folder 18-19

"Function Follows Form," 1997 March 12

Scope and Content Note

Paper delivered at Structures and Practices, Association of Art Historians Conference, London 1997; also variant used in Innsbruck 1998. Material includes handwritten draft and photocopy; notes; typescript drafts and photocopies, some annotated; composite typescript; images and photocopies; lists of images; conference flier and correspondence. Published in Non-Plan: Essays on Freedom, Participation and Change in Modern Architecture and Urbanism (Oxford, 2000): 104-115; uncorrected proofs for article. Boite: 161H, 164N, 167W.
 

"Interview avec moi-même," 1997, 2006

Scope and Content Note

Distributed by Friedman. Includes handwritten drafts and photocopies, some with annotations; notes; typescripts; composite manuscript; production materials including original drawings for cover and photographs of Friedman; photocopy of assembled text; page of additional text from 2006. Boîte: 163N, 163O, 163P, 163S, 165C, 176.
box 16, folder 1-4

Papers and black-and-white photographs

box 106, folder 1

Color photograph

box 16, folder 5

Paper for WAAS General Assembly, Vancouver, 1998 May 27

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft of abstract; photocopies of typescript; notes and reference materials. Boîte: 164R, 165O.
box 16, folder 13

"À quoi je pense?," 1999 July 31

Scope and Content Note

For special supplement to Libération, December 31, 1999. Handwritten drafts and photocopy; photocopy of typescript; correspondence and notes. Boîte: 167X.
box 9, folder 2A

Utopies réalisables, second edition, 1999-2000

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten additions/alterations to text, with photocopies; photocopies of articles added to annexes; photocopy of proofs of table of contents; photocopy of section of text from book; handwritten text and drawings on paper and trace for chapter headers, with photocopies; letter regarding rights to first edition. Boîte: 160H, 167L, 167V, 167AA, unnumbered.
box 16, folder 15

"Un musée du 21ème siècle, à Paris," 2000 February 19

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of typescript with images. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 16, folder 7

"La ville du troisième millénaire," 2000 May 25

Scope and Content Note

Published in Théorie et images (see below, Series II, Box 38). Handwritten drafts; typescript; photocopies. Boîte: 169O.
box 16, folder 8

"Une théorie d'architecture : Qu'est-ce que ça?" 2000 June 8

Scope and Content Note

Paper for conference related to Mobile Architecture exhibition at the Institut français d'architecture (IFA), Paris. Handwritten draft, notes, photocopy. Boîte: 169I.
box 16, folder 9

"Rumeur urbain #59," 2000 August 18

Scope and Content Note

Contribution to Urban Rumors project, curated by Hans Ulrich Obrist, in collaboration with Fri-art, Fribourg, Switzerland. Handwritten drafts; notes; typescripts; photocopies of illustrations. Boîte: 169GG.
box 16, folder 10

"Realizable and Unrealizable Utopias," circa 2000-2005

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts and notes. Boîte: 195.
box 16, folder 6

Untitled work on globalization, circa 2000-2005

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text and notes. Boîte: 195.
box 16, folder 11

"Quelques réflexions après l'attentat au World Trade Center: Le point de vue d'un architecte," 2001 September 17

Scope and Content Note

New submission for Friedman's Le point d'ironie, no. 24, in association with Documenta XI, after attack on World Trade Center. For original submission, see Box 38, folder 9. Handwritten draft and typescript; photocopies; correspondence with publisher; printed sheets in French and English; reference material on New York. Boîte: 171, 172.
box 16, folder 14

"A New Paradigm: Scientific Theory as One of the Fine Arts," circa 2002

Scope and Content Note

Includes handwritten draft; notes; photocopies of typescript; photocopy of original article. Boîte: 165F.
box 16, folder 12

L'architecture de survie, new edition, 2002

Scope and Content Note

Materials relating to a proposed new edition, including photocopy of 1978 Casterman edition with minor annotations; handwritten drafts of new introduction, with photocopies. Boîte: unnumbered.
 

"Urban Aesthetics," 2003

Scope and Content Note

Paper presented at the International Symposium on Contemporary Art Theory (SITAC). Includes photocopies of typescript for talk and a manual; color photographs and montages; notes; conference materials. Boîte: 180.
box 17, folder 1

Papers and sketches

box 106, folder 2

Color photographs and photomontages

box 17, folder 6

"Program for Mobile City Planning: An Update," 2003

Scope and Content Note

Typescript, images, layout tests. Published with "Paris Spatial: A Suggestion" in Exit Utopia (Munich: Prestel Verlag, 2005): 13-29. Boîte: 174.
box 17, folder 2

"Ideas at Large," 2005

Scope and Content Note

Published in Domus 879 (2005): 94-95. Handwritten draft; photocopies of text and illustrations. Boîte: 196.
box 17, folder 3

Pro Domo, 2006

Scope and Content Note

Color print-out, labelled "corrected copy." Boîte: unnumbered.
box 17, folder 7

"A propos des 'déchets'," circa 2006

Scope and Content Note

Annotated photocopies of handwritten and typescript drafts. Boîte: 173.
box 18, folder 1

"General Outline of a Policy of Physical Planning for the Island of Java," undated

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO. Typescripts. Boîte: 113D, 138F.
box 18, folder 2

"Formulation of Goals for the Environment of Human Settlements," undated

Scope and Content Note

Unidentified publication, pages 57-61; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 18, folder 2

"Formulation of Goals for the Environment of Human Settlements," undated

Scope and Content Note

Unidentified publication, pages 15-16; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39.
box 18, folder 3

Unidentified book-length typescript, undated

Scope and Content Note

Two incomplete typescripts; partially on University of Michigan paper. Translation of L'architecture mobile into English with variations/expansions and the addition of sections from Pour une architecture scientifique . Boîte: 121.
box 18, folder 4

"Échange équilibre entre vacanciers," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 138B.
box 18, folder 5

"Some New Questions Arising from Communication Difficulties," undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 153.3.
box 18, folder 6

"Note sur les opérations d'autoplanification du Lycée David d'Angers et du siège social de la C.D.C. à Ivry," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 141.
box 18, folder 7

"Introduction (Parallel)," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and annotated typescript. Boîte: 18C, 18J.
box 18, folder 7

"Pourquoi la prévision à long terme est impossible," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and annotated typescript. Boîte: 18C, 18J.
 

"Architecture: Small Might Be Beautiful," undated

Scope and Content Note

Copies of text with manual; layout on project proposal form for Internationaler Kongress: Architektur und Städtebau(IKAS). Boîte: 95.2.
box 18, folder 8

Papers

box 132*, folder 2A

Oversize layout

box 18, folder 9

"L'autoplanification : Une autre façon de practiquer l'architecture," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript draft. Published in unidentified publication, pages 50-52; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 37, 102B.
box 18, folder 10

"Une plante à habiter," undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of published work, part of an exhibition brochure(?). Boîte: 38.
box 18, folder 11

"Osez habiter! / Osate abitare!," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and composite manuscript in French. Italian version from published in unidentified publication, pages 139-153; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 39, GRI2A.
box 18, folder 12

"About Factors Determining the Physical Form of Settlements," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft. Boîte: 14B.
box 18, folder 13

"The Lost Book of Tchuang Tse," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, typescript, photocopies. Boîte: 14B, 100.1.
box 18, folder 14

"Space Chains: A New Technique and an Opening to a New Style," undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript with images. Boîte: 71A.
box 18, folder 15

"High-rise Buildings with Local Technology," undated,

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, typescript and photocopy of typescript with images. Boîte: 14B, 42A.
box 18, folder 17-17A

Villes imaginaires/projets imaginés, undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text and notes; typescripts; photocopies of drawings. Also included here is a set of photocopies of related images identified as "Voyage imaginaire." Boîte: 76I, 78H, 80F, 130P, 169P, 169T.
box 18, folder 19

"Popular Encyclopedia of Survival: A Long-term Project," undated

Scope and Content Note

Published in unidentified publication, pages 13-19; photocopy of published article. Boîte: 38.1E.
box 18, folder 20

"Crise économique ou crise de mentalité," undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 100.1.
box 18, folder 21

"Au sujet de la Déclaration Universelle des Droits de l'Homme," undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of typescript. Boîte: 165E.2.
box 18, folder 22

"Goals for Human Environment: Self-help for Survival," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 153.8.
box 18, folder 23

"La terre remodelée," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft of project. Boîte: 93.2
box 18, folder 24

""L'architecture, discipline de l'école maternelle," undated

Scope and Content Note

Corrected copy of typescript. Boîte: 94.2.
box 18, folder 25

"Projet d'un centre international d'études avancées en architecture et en urbanisme," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Also English language version, "Proposal for an International Center of Advanced Studies for Architecture and Planning in the St. Catherine's Docks in London," Boîte: 18N, GRI2A.
box 18, folder 26

Projet pour une experience scientifique basée sur le methode des 'mécanismes urbains' et quelques applications possibles de cette expérience," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: GRI1B.
box 18, folder 27

"Projet de recherche concernant les 'lois naturelles' du comportement urbain," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 93.1.
box 18, folder 28

"Une application possible des systèmes compréhensible en physique," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 17.3.
box 18, folder 29

"La réévaluation de l'état - providence," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft, photocopies, notes. Boîte: 164S
box 18, folder 30

"The Principle of Equivalence," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and photocopy, typescript, notes. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 18, folder 31

"A Note on Mathematical Models," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten drafts, notes. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 18, folder 34

"About Mobile Urbanism," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 19B.2.
box 18, folder 35

"La ville mobile = La ville spatiale," undated

Scope and Content Note

Annotated typescript, notes, copy of drawing. Boîte: 19B.2.
box 18, folder 36

"La nécessité biologique d'amusement," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft. Boîte: 19H.1.
box 18, folder 37

"How Affect New Problems on Design the Particular Design of Tall Buildings? (User-design, self-repair, social self-organization, self-reliance, non-committedness, security etc.)," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts. Boîte: 19.
box 18, folder 33

"Draft for the Simulation Experiment," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft. Boîte: 18C.
box 18A, folder 1

"L'urbanisme spatial," undated

Scope and Content Note

handwritten draft. Boîte: 91.2
box 18A, folder 2

"La région: [ ] d'une infrastructure mondiale," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft. Boîte: 91.2.
box 18A, folder 3

"Une infrastructure mondiale," undated

Scope and Content Note

Intervention au Congrès international de la planification régionale, Bâle. Typescript drafts, one with annotations. Boîte: 91.2, 92.1.
box 18A, folder 4

"Concernant l'architecture mobile," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 92.1.
box 18A, folder 5

"La 'forme libre' dans la ville spatiale," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft. Boîte: 91.2.
box 18A, folder 6

"Research Program for a New Urban Infrastructure," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts, one annotated. Boîte: 91.2.
box 18A, folder 7

"La grande ville n'est pas une ennemie..." undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 91.2.
box 18A, folder 9

"Les utopies technologiques ne sont pas de vraies utopies," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 18A, folder 10

"How the World Became as It Is," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 18A, folder 11-12

Unidentified writings, undated

Scope and Content Note

Various unidentifed manuscripts, typescripts and copies of published work, both original and photocopies. Boîte: 37, 38, 39, 80A, 122, 164Z, 168P, GRI2A, GRI2B, unnumbered
box 18A, folder 13

Book covers, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of covers of various editions and translations of Friedman's books and other publications. Boîte: 39A1.1.
box 18A, folder 14

Miscellaneous material, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes mail receipt. Boîte: VilleSpatiale1958.
 

Series II. Manuals and other graphic works, 1973-2006, undated

Physical Description: 11.9 Linear Feet (26 boxes)

Scope and Content Note

The production materials for Friedman's manuals and other graphic works form Series II. Beginning in 1973 with a commission to help schoolchildren learn about architecture, Friedman developed a distinctive graphic style to convey information, a form of bande dessinée or comic-strip, with minimal added text. Easily reproduced and capable of being understood by the quasi-literate, the manuals were translated into local languages and widely distributed in India, as well as Indonesia, Africa and South America. Friedman's initial self-help manuals focused on architecture and planning, but gradually their emphasis shifted to a larger array of economic, health, and quality of life topics, directed primarily toward a third-world audience. The shift in subject matter reflects a change in Friedman's intellectual interests and his growing involvement with United Nations programs, such as UNESCO and UNU, in the later 1970s. Although the purely didactic manuals ceased in the early 1990s as UNU funding for the project ended, Friedman continued to use this graphic style for other works, often book-length, such as Vous avez un chien and artists' books such as The "Trompe l'oeil" Universe.
Included here are original texts and drawings for manuals in various production stages, as well as multiple photocopies of completed manuals. The frequent use of tracing paper and the techniques of paste-up and overlay, similar to that seen with the manuscript material in Series I, as well as the frequent recombination of component elements, elucidate Friedman's working methods and his emphasis on the broad distribution of his work. As with the writings in Series I, the manuals are produced in multiple languages and the titles of works presented in this series are taken directly from the piece, occasionally retaining quirks in spelling and grammar. Of particular interest are a group of hand-colored drawings, which were part of a planned audio-visual version of the manuals. Friedman's other graphic works are represented by production materials with similar stages of text and images, as well as collages and photomontages.

Arrangement

The series is arranged in roughly chronological order with undated material at the end. Friedman's original associative arrangement can be traced by the "boîte" numbers in each entry. A search using the "find" command with one of those entries will retrieve the other materials originally housed in the same folder or box (see Arrangement and Processing History notes above).
box 19, folder 1-2

"Le langage de l'autoplanification: Manuel des enseignants," 1973

Scope and Content Note

Includes typescripts with hand-drawn illustrations on paper and trace; typescript with paste-up illustrations; photocopies; drawings on trace; title pages for "Comment dessiner ma maison?: Manuel des enseignés" and "Comment façonner ma ville?: Manuel des enseignés;" photocopies of miscellaneous drawings and exercises. Boîte: 133D, 142, unnumbered. See also Box 6A, folders 16-17A.
box 19, folder 7

"Quelques exercises pour les petits et pour les grands," 1973

Scope and Content Note

Exercises were included as Annexe III of "Le langage de l'autoplanification." Photocopy with handwritten title page. Boîte: 147.
box 19, folder 3-6

"C'est mon manuel car je veux savoir dessiner ma maison!" 1973

Scope and Content Note

French version: Composite trace and paste-up draft; paste-up draft. English version: Paste-up draft; draft with text on trace. German version: Paste-up draft; photocopy. Boîte: 133, unnumbered.
box 21, folder 1

"Comment vivre entre les autres sans être chef et sans être esclave?" 1974

Scope and Content Note

Partial images and text on trace; photocopies; draft of text and notes. Boîte: 122, 133C.
box 22, folder 6

"Groups and Networks," circa 1974

Scope and Content Note

Drafts of text and translation; paste-up draft and photocopy of English version. Boîte: 122, 133E, unnumbered.
box 21, folder 2

"Votre ville est à vous, sachez comment la conserver!" 1974-1975

Scope and Content Note

Pour la direction de l'environnement et les pouvoirs locaux; conseil de l'Europe, Strasbourg. The manual contains the following sections: 1) Machinbourg, ville européenne; 2) Comment on utilise une ville; 3) La rue; 4) Renouveler la ville; 5) La peau de la ville; 6) L'ambiance urbaine; 7) Conclusion. Included in the archive are images and text on trace for the French version and a paste-up of the English version, "It is Your Town Know How to Protect It!" Boîte: unnumbered.
box 42, folder 17

Manual on autoplanification, circa 1975, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace; photocopies. Variations on manual used as part of Une utopie réalisée. Boîte: 139D, 147B, AncienOrig2.
box 20, folder 1-7

"Comment habiter la terre/How to Settle on Earth," 1976

Scope and Content Note

Pour la conférence des nations unies sur les établissements humains, réalisé avec l'aide du Ministère de la qualité de la vie à Paris. The manual contains the following sections: 1) L'homme, un organisme vivant au milieu des autres; 2) L'homme et ses semblables; 3) Les problèmes de la croissance et de l'équilibre; 4) L'habitat humain est un système organisé; 5) Bienfaits et méfaits de l'agriculture dans l'organisation de la survie; 6) La nourriture: Centre de l'habitat; 7) Cherchons des alternatives de survie; 8) Première alternative: Inventer une autre nourriture; 9) Deuxième alternative: L'agriculture urbaine; 10) Troisième alternative: Réorganiser la terre; 11) Une autre alternative encore: Changer de mentalité; 12) Refaire un monde artificiel (écosystème artificiel); 13) "Pauvreté" et environnement; 14) Éviter la compétition; 15) Qui doit planifier?; 16) Et les pays industrialisés?; 17) À vous de choisir, mais.... Included in the archive are drafts with images and text on trace; sections of images and trace on paper; photocopies, one annotated; miscellaneous notes, drafts and production materials. Also included are a photocopy of the French version and a paste-up of the English version of an abridged edition, "Manuel des terriens concernant quelques propositions urgentes/Manual for Earth People, Concerning a Few Urgent Propositions." Boîte: 103, 113, 115C, 115E, 115G, 116, 116B, 144, unnumbered.
box 21, folder 3-6

"Programme modeste pour survivre dans un monde en pleine crise," 1976

Scope and Content Note

The manual contains the following sections: A 1-16) L'argent rend pauvre; A 17-28) L'économie basée sur le troc contre l'économie basée sur l'argent; AA 1-8) L'exterritorialité pour les innovations sociales; B 1-8) Ne dépendez que de vous-même; C 1-8) L'emploi; D 1-9) Le pouvoir; E 1-8) Communiquer. Included in the archive are a composite trace and paste-up draft and photocopy for the French version and a copy of images and text on trace and one complete and several partial photocopies of the English version, "A Modest Program for Survival in a World of Crisis." Boîte: 51, 113F, 114D, 115C, 117B, 117C, 139C, 147F, 147J.
box 21, folder 10

Manual for Inducing Popular Creativity into Science project, circa 1976

Scope and Content Note

Manual is adapted and expanded version of the "Communiquer" section of "Programme modeste pour survivre dans un monde en pleine crise." Photocopies; partial copy of text and images on trace; copy of brief text. Boîte: 143, 147D.
box 23, folder 9

"We Have Many Deserts Don't Make New Ones," 1976-1977

Scope and Content Note

For the United Nations Conference on Desertification. Handwritten drafts of text; text and images on trace, and photocopy; also includes text, "Popularized Information about Desertification." Boîte: 19, 19D, 114A, 147.
box 22, folder 1-5

"L'habitat c'est l'affaire de tous, mais particulièrement la vôtre," 1977

Scope and Content Note

For the Séminaire de l'UNESCO, Dakar. The manual contains the following sections: A) Construire votre maison; B) Dessiner votre maison; C) Vivre avec les autres; D) Public et privé; E) Assurer votre survie; F) Planifier votre ville; G) Embellir votre ville. Included in the archive are a partial, composite trace and photocopy draft and a photocopy for the French version. An English version, "Housing is the Interest of All, but Particularly Yours," is documented by a copy with text and images on trace and photocopies, as well as a UNESCO distribution copy with added introductory text. A copy of a Spanish version, lacking a title page, is composed of both original text and drawings on trace and photocopied pages. Boîte: 51, 94.1 115D, 147, 147E, 147G, unnumbered.
box 21, folder 7-9

"Où commence la ville?" 1977, 1985

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO. The manual contains the following sections: A) Une ville. Qu'est que c'est?; B) Comment vit-on dans la ville?; C) La survie de la ville; D) Pourquoi vit-on dans la ville?; E) La crise urbaine; F) Le village urbain; G) Les décisions urbaines prises par les habitants; H) untitled. Included in the archive are a photocopy for the French version and a combination trace/photocopy paste-up and photocopies of the English version, "Where Do Towns Begin?," as well as an undated partial French handwritten original (sections A-D and the title page for section E) entitled "Qu'est ce que c'est qu'une ville?" Also included are photocopies of portions of manual published in fascicles of Lettre urbaine in 1985. Boîte: 47F, 105.1E, 134B, 136, 147, unnumbered. See also Box 29, folder 21. .
box 23, folder 1-2

"La Méditerranée et ses problèmes," 1977

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace, and photocopy. Also includes a variant version on trace and a photocopy of a later(?) expanded version entitled "Rendre la Méditerranée blanc." Boîte: 77D, 112, 139D, 147A.
box 23, folder 3-4

"L'autoplanification dans l'école," 1977

Scope and Content Note

The manual contains the following sections: A) Pourquoi l'autoplanification?; B) Le langage de l'autoplanification; C) Planifier avec les autres; D) Un exemple: L'autoplanification d'une école; E) Questions techniques; F) Et la beauté? Included in the archive are an incomplete copy with extended front matter composed of photocopy and trace pages, a complete photocopy, and a partial photocopy. Boîte: 116C, 139C, 147C.
box 23, folder 10-11

"Le matériau fait la maison," circa 1977-1978

Scope and Content Note

For the Haut comité de l'environnement, Paris. Text and images on trace; photocopy of variant version; annotated variant photocopy with typescript introduction. Boîte: 116D, 143.
box 23, folder 5

"Le secteur quaternaire," 1978

Scope and Content Note

For Project GPID, UNU. French version: text and image on trace; photocopy; second photocopy topped by a cover sheet for the Science and Technology and the Future pre-conference sessions to the World Future Studies Conference (WFSC), May 1979. English version, "The Quaternary Sector": text and image on trace. Boîte: 115B, 143.
box 25, folder 5

"Cooking with the Sun," 1978

Scope and Content Note

Immediate Education for Survival, UNESCO. Handwritten drafts of text in English and French version "Cuisiner avec le soleil;" photocopies of English version; and paste-up with French text over English. Also includes photocopy of published manual from Outreach 80: 27-30. Boîte: 38, 51, 111, 113, 147D.
box 25, folder 3

"L'eau qui tombe du ciel," 1978

Scope and Content Note

French text; handwritten draft of text and photocopies (one from a larger compilation) of English version of manual, "Water from the Sky." Boîte: 113, 113F, 147D.
box 23, folder 12

"L'autodiagnose," circa 1978

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace; photocopies. Boîte: 117D, 139D, 153.7.
box 24, folder 11

"Le jour du soleil: au soleil du futur," 1979 June 23

Scope and Content Note

For Fondation Claude Nicolas Ledoux, Salines d'Arc-et-Senans. Photocopy. Boîte: 5J, 143.1.
box 23, folder 6-8

"Comprendre la montagne," 1979

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO. The manual contains the following sections: A) Habiter les montagnes; B) Ce que les montagnes signifient pour le monde; C) L'homme dans la montagne; D) Comment vivent les montagnards; E) La montagne peut nourrir l'homme; F) Penser aux autres. Included in the archive are a copy of images and text on trace for the French version; a photocopy paste-up and a photocopy of the English version, "Understanding Mountains." Boîte: 105.2B, 107, 134, 134A, 136.
box 24, folder 1-2

"Qu'est ce que c'est la région?" 1979

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO. The manual contains the following sections: A) Où commence et où finit la région; B) La région du vivant; C) Comment est habitée une région?; D) De quoi vit une région?; E) La culture; F) Pourquoi la région. Included in the archive are a copy of images and text on trace for the French version and a composite photocopy and trace paste-up copy and a photocopy of the English version, "What Is a Region?" Boîte: 105.2C, 134, 136.
box 24, folder 3

"What Can Research Do for You and What Can You Do for Research?" 1979

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO. Copy on trace and photocopy; possible variant title "Research and Human Needs." Boîte: 105, 143.
box 24, folder 4-5

"La ville des enfants," 1979

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO. The manual contains the following sections: A) L'enfant dans la ville des adultes; B) La pouponnière est partout; C) Jeu et travail; D) La ville est une autre école; E) Une coexistence pacifique entre enfants et adultes; F) Protéger l'enfant; G) La ville, certains jours; H) La ville telle que l'enfant la voudrait. Included in the archive are a copy with text on paper for the French version; and two text and images on trace copies and a photocopy of the English version, "The City also Belongs to the Child." Boîte: 105.2A, 153.6.
box 24, folder 9

"L'architecture verte," 1979

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy paste-up and photocopy. Boîte: 28P.1, 77A.
box 25, folder 7

"Research and Immediate Education," 1979

Scope and Content Note

Published in Impact of Science on Society 29 (1979): 247-251. Text and images on trace; photocopy of published manual. Boîte: 38, unnumbered.
box 24, folder 6

"Some Suggestions about the Charter of European Culture," 1980

Scope and Content Note

For the Colloquium of the Council of Europe, Delphi and the Workshop on Cultural Development, Lifestyles and Future Societies, Arc-et-Senans. Copy with text and image on trace; two photocopies; Conseil de l'Europe distribution copies and photocopies. Boîte: 139F, 140B, 140F, unnumbered.
box 24, folder 7

"L'Europe des villes: La cité européenne en crise (des villes à vivre)," 1980

Scope and Content Note

For the Council of Europe, Strasbourg; European Campaign for the Renaissance of the City. French version: title page and scattered pages on trace only. The English version, "A Europe of Cities: The European City in Crisis (Cities to Live)," is represented by a copy with text on trace and two photocopies. Boîte: 140F, unnumbered.
box 24, folder 8

"Embellir les maisons," 1980

Scope and Content Note

Text and image on trace; Section 8 of a larger work (?). Boîte: 147.
box 24, folder 10

"Une université de la paix, pourquoi?" 1980

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO, Conference on Education for Disarmament. French version: text and images on trace; photocopies. The English version, "Why a University for Peace?" is represented by a paste-up copy. Boîte: 42K, 88, 143.6.
box 25, folder 2

"Rings into Roofs," 1980

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies. Boîte: 51, 111.
box 25, folder 6

"Environment is Everything," 1980

Scope and Content Note

Published in Intermedia 8 (1980): 35-36; photocopy of published manual. Boîte: 38.
box 24, folder 13

"L'autoplanification du lycée David d'Angers, à Angers," 1980

Scope and Content Note

For the Ministère de l'éducation. Photocopies. Boîte: 105.2F.
box 24, folder 14

"Planning the Future - Think about the Present," 1980

Scope and Content Note

For the First Global Conference on the Future, Toronto. Photocopies. Boîte: 168F.
box 24, folder 12

"Les intellectuels," circa 1980

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace; photocopies. Boîte: 59, 88, 143.1.
box 25 , folder 1

"You Alone Can Help Yourself to Get a Home," 1981

Scope and Content Note

A collection of manuals compiled in 1981; title page has imprint of Centre for Popularization of Survival Knowledge. Includes title page and table of contents on trace for compilation; an incomplete set of component manuals with text and images on trace: "Why This Manual?," "What Can You Build of and How?," "Simple Ways to Build a Vault," "Rings into Roofs" (1980), "Trees Make a Shelter" (1980), "Building with Grass," "Materials to Build from Can Be Found," "A Structure in Common," "Water from the Sky" (with Immediate Education for Survival, UNESCO on cover and two photocopied pages of a different manual on water), "Cooking with the Sun" (photocopy only, with Immediate Education for Survival, UNESCO on cover), "Waste into Food," "A Few Words about Floods and Dams." Boîte: 143.
box 25, folder 4

"Irrigating Drop by Drop," 1981 or earlier

Scope and Content Note

Immediate Education for Survival, UNESCO. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 143.
box 25, folder 8

"Keeping Food Fresh with Cold," 1981

Scope and Content Note

Text and image on trace; photocopy. Boîte: 111.3, 143.
box 25, folder 30

"Don't Live with Garbage," 1981

Scope and Content Note

For Jakarta. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 143.
box 25, folder 31

"About Public Latrines," 1981

Scope and Content Note

For Jakarta. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 143.6.
box 25, folder 8A

"La ville des enfants expliquée aux adultes, suivi de la ville des adultes expliquée aux enfants," 1981

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO. Compilation of three manuals: I. "La ville des enfants," II. "Où commence la ville?," III. "La région: une super-ville." Title page only. Boîte: 153.6.
box 25, folder 32

"Manual for the Barefoot Architect," 1981

Scope and Content Note

Includes typescript and photocopy of "Manual for the Barefoot Architect in the Greater Bombay Region;" typescript of "Workshop for Drafting a Manual for the Service of 'Barefoot Architects';" photocopy of "Abstracts of Addenda to the Chapters of the Existing Manual;" typescript of acknowledgement; photocopies of newspaper clippings; photocopy of letter regarding a workshop on habitat in Bombay; text on trace. Boîte: 137I, 137O.
box 25, folder 29

"Simple Technology Might Be What You Need," circa 1981

Scope and Content Note

Text and image on trace. Boîte: 143.6.
box 25, folder 9

"Les deux voies du développement," 1981

Scope and Content Note

For Recherche et besoins humains, UNESCO. Two photocopies. Boîte: 137C. See also Box 10, folder 24.
 

Immediate Education for Survival manual series, 1981-1990

Scope and Content Note

Some by Eda Schaur. The series included the following manuals: "Research and Immediate Education;" "Cooking with the Sun;" "Water from the Sky;" "Waste into Food;" "Materials to Build Can Be Found;" "Rings into Roofs;" "Building with Grass;" "Trees Make a Shelter;" "A Structure in Common;" "Keeping Food Fresh by Cold;" "Don't Leave Your Own Food for Rats;" "Washing the Water;" "It Is Important to Improve Your Roof;" "Simple Ways to Build a Vault;" "Which Materials Can Serve You Best?;" "Simple Technology Might Be What You Need;" "Making Your House;" "Planning Your House;" "What Can You Build of and How?;" "A Hearth That Uses Less Fuel;" "You Can Grow Your Own Fuel for Cooking;" "Spend Less and Be Better Nourished;" "Mushrooms - A Richer Food;" "Weeds into Wealth;" "Water That Evaporates Could be Saved;" "A Simple Water Lift;" "Waste Land into Farm Land;" "Farming in Three 'Stories';" "How Trees Can Grow with Little Rain;" "Catching the Run-off Water;" "Water Storage;" "Making Water Drinkable;" "Washing the Salty Land;" "Drying Food for Tomorrow;" "Growing Food on Shelves;" "A Granary You Can Build;" "Urban Waste: A Valuable Resource;" "You Can Cope with Natural Disasters;" "Let the Wind Work for You;" "A Well-pit Lined with Bamboo;" "Keeping the Heat Out;" "Preventing Fire;" "How to Make a Stronger Beam?;" "Bending Makes the Beam Stronger;" "Making the Roof Water Resistant;" "A House in the Open;" "Working Together;" "Make Your Water Safe by Boiling;" "Keep Flies Away from Your Food;" "How to Save People from Diarrhoea?;" "Leprosy Can Be Cured;" "Energy: What Is It and How Is It Used?;" "Sources of Energy;" "How Energy Is Consumed by Man;" "Managing our Energy Sources;" "Harnessing the Wind;" "Biogas: Production and Use;" "Minimizing the Effects of Drought;" "Growing Trees with Little Rain;" "Crops That Need Little Water;" "Which Plants Give Most with Less Work?;" "Helping the Plants to Grow;" "Curing the Sick with Kitchen Garden Plants;" "Coping with Cyclones;" "Water Pipes from Bamboo;" "Termites Give You Natural Cement;" "Raising Fish for Your Family and for the Market;" "Keeping Your Grains in a Good State;" "What Is Agroforestry?;" "Agroforestry: Which Crops?;" "Agroforestry: Which Forests?;" "What Care Does a Woodland Farm Need?;" "Self-forming Terraces on Slopes;" "Urban Agriculture;" "Simple Remedies against Common Ills;" "Environment and Poverty;" "Vaults without Scaffolding;" "How to Keep the Roof Aloft?;" "Bamboo Domes with Suspended Mat Cover;" "False Domes;" "Suspended Domes;" "Lattice Domes;" 'The Chain-line;" "Space Frames;" "Bulb-shaped Domes;" "Conic Domes;" "Rope'n Rod;" "Suspended Roofs;" "Freely Shaped Grids."
 

Manuals published in Invention Intelligence , 1981-1990

box 27, folder 1-5

Fascicles, 1981-1987

Scope and Content Note

Incomplete set. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 26, folder 1-3

Photocopies of published manuals, 1981-1989

Scope and Content Note

Incomplete sets. Boîte: 38.1D, 39A.2B, 46D, 47F, 102A.
box 26, folder 4-6

Compilation of published manual abstracts, 1981-1990

Scope and Content Note

Sets of photocopies. Boîte: 46A, 48.2E, 48.2G, 76D.
box 26, folder 7

Manuals published by Directorate of Adult Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development, New Delhi, circa 1986

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of fascicles in English and in Hindi. Boîte: 39A.1O, 39A.2A, 47F.
box 27, folder 6

Manuals published in Gram Shilpa , 1985

Scope and Content Note

Two fascicles. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 25, folder 12

"Preparation for Life," 1982

Scope and Content Note

Council for Cultural Co-operation (C.D.C.C.) Project no. 1, Council of Europe. The manual contains the following sections: A) Preparation for Life: Why?; B) Preparation for Life: Who Should Do What?. Photocopy. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 25, folder 10

"Don't Leave Your Own Food for Rats," 1982 or earlier

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace; photocopy. Boîte: 111.3, 143.
box 25, folder 11

"Washing the Water," 1982 or earlier

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace; photocopy. Boîte: 111.3, 143.
box 25, folder 11A

"Which Materials Can Serve You Best?" 1982 or before

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace. Boîte: 143.6.
box 25, folder 13

"It Is Important To Improve Your Roof," circa 1982

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 28, folder 1

"À propos de la loi sur l'architecture," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Two copies with text and images on trace; photocopies. Boîte: 87H, 137E, 139C.
box 28, folder 2

"Monsieur Dupont et son chien cherchent à sortir de la crise," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace; photocopy and paste-up. Boîte: 137E, 139F.
box 28, folder 3

"Si nous ne conservons pas la nature, la nature ne nous conservera pas," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Éducation de Survie, Ministère de l'environnement. The manual contains the following sections: A) La nature, qu'est ce que c'est?; B) L'homme veut survivre; C) Aider la nature à se conserver; D) Le retour de la nature; E) La nature a sa place dans la ville; F) La nature sur les étages ou "l'architecture verte;" G) L'alliance de l'homme et de la nature. Partial copy with text and image on trace; photocopy paste-up; complete photocopy and photocopy of section F. Boîte: 28O, 105.2D, 137A, 139B, 139E.
box 28, folder 4-8

"An Anthropomorph Theory of Physics," 1983-1986

Scope and Content Note

"Based on a paper from 1977, and on another from 1981." The manual contains the following sections: A) About Scientific Theories; B) Exchange and Motivation; C) Granulated Space; D) A New Concept of Time; E) Conjectures; F) Conclusion; G) Recapitulation; H) How Could It Be Proved? The 1986 revision alters the sections to: A) About Scientific Theories; B) Exchange and Motivation; C) Granulated Space; D) Geometrical and Physical Space; E) A New Concept of Time; F) Conjectures [broken into subsections]; Ω) Synthesis; G) Conclusion; H) Recapitulation. Material includes text and images on trace and a photocopy of draft version; photocopies of "finished" version, one annotated; photocopy of 1986 revised version; various production materials such as handwritten text, trace sheets and partial photocopies. Also paste-up, annotated photocopy and photocopy of "L'univers granulaire" and photocopies of "An Anthropomorph Model of Granulated Space (Abridged Version)." Boîte: 46BB, 88, 89K, 100.3, 105.2H, 111.2, 137F.1, 139B.
box 25, folder 14

"Drying Food for Tomorrow," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by Board on Science and Technology in International Development (BOSTID). Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 15

"A Hearth for Using Less Fuel," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Published in Outreach 83: 33-35. Text and images on trace; photocopies of published article. Boîte: 38, 137D, 164Z.
box 25, folder 16

"You Can Grow Your Own Fuel for Cooking," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 17

"Spending Less and Better Nourished," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 18

"Weeds into Wealth," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 19

"Waste Land into Farmland," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 20

"Washing Salty Land," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 21

"Catching the Run-off Water," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 22

"Water Storage," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 23

"A Simple Water Lift," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 24

"Crops with Less Water," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 25

"Farming in 3 Stories," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Background information by BOSTID. Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D.
box 25, folder 26

"Mushrooms: A Richer Food," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D, 137F.1.
box 25, folder 27

"Water That Goes to the Sun," 1983

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace. Boîte: 137D, 137F.1.
box 29, folder 2A

"Le droit de comprendre," 1983-1984

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 52K.
 

"Tales in the African Mode," circa 1983-1986

Scope and Content Note

The manual contains the following sections: The Strange Story of Lionshair; The One-who-doesn't-look-behind; Farsighted Head; and Koulou Makalla, the Lion, the Hare and the Spider. Includes photocopy of collected tales; text and image on trace for three sections; photocopies of "Koulou Makalla" section; production materials. Boîte: 5F, 111.1, 137F, unnumbered.
box 25, folder 28

Papers

box 132*, folder 5

Oversize materials

box 29, folder 1

"European Declaration of Cultural Objectives," 1984

Scope and Content Note

For the Council of Europe; 4th Conference of European Ministers, Berlin. The manual contains the following sections: A) What is Culture?; B) Developing the Heritage; C) Developing Human Attitudes; D) Safeguarding Freedoms; E) Promoting Participation; F) Encouraging Solidarity; G) Building the Future. Text and images on trace; photocopy paste-up of French version, "Déclaration européenne sur les objectifs culturels." Also includes photocopies of an excerpt used as illustrations for "Déclaration européenne sur les objectifs culturels" in unidentified publication. Boîte: 37.2A, 37.2B, 137B.
box 29, folder 2

"Le droit de comprendre," 1984

Scope and Content Note

For the Musée national des sciences des technologies et des industries, Parc de la Villette, Paris. Photocopies. Also includes photocopies of condensed version published on page two of an unidentified La Villette publication. Boîte: 37.1B, 38.1E, 102B, 105.2G1.
box 29, folder 6

"Terre, vaisseau précieux," 1984

Scope and Content Note

For the Musée national des sciences des technologies et des industries, Parc de la Villette, Paris; Secteur 1. Photocopy. Boîte: 105.2G2.
box 29, folder 3

"L'aventure de la vie," 1984

Scope and Content Note

For the Musée national des sciences des technologies et des industries, Parc de la Villette, Paris; Secteur 2. Photocopy. Boîte: 105.2G3.
box 29, folder 4

"L'homme, manipulateur de la matière," 1984

Scope and Content Note

For the Musée national des sciences des technologies et des industries, Parc de la Villette, Paris; Secteur 3. Photocopy. Boîte: 105.2G4.
box 29, folder 5

"Communiquer," 1984

Scope and Content Note

For the Musée national des sciences des technologies et des industries, Parc de la Villette, Paris; Secteur 4. Photocopy. Boîte: 105.2G2.
box 29, folder 7

"The Ramayana Manual," 1984

Scope and Content Note

I.M.D. Photocopy. Boite 106.2D.
box 29, folder 8

"Community Participation in the Construction of Educational Buildings," 1984

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO, Division of Education Policy and Planning report, samples of manuals with brief text. Distribution copy; partial photocopy. Boîte: 102B, unnumbered.
box 29, folder 9

"Urban Waste: A Resource," 1984

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 51.
box 29, folder 10

"Working Together," 1984

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 51.
box 29, folder 11-12

1984 manual compilation, 1984

Scope and Content Note

Some manuals by Eda Schaur. Includes "Make Your Water Safe by Boiling;" "A Granary You Can Build;" "Let the Wind Work for You;" "Keep Flies Away from Your Food;" "Growing Food on Shelves;" "A Well-pit Lined with Bamboo;" "Leprosy Can Be Healed;" "How To Save People with Diarrhoea;" "How Strong Can a Beam Be?;" "Bending Makes the Beam Stronger;" "A Roof Should Resist to Water;" "A House in the Open;" "Working Together;" "Urban Waste: A Resource;" "Keeping the Inside Tempered;" "Many People, Little Space, Little Means;" "A Roof in Common;" "Preventing Fire." Photocopied distribution copies. Boîte: 105.1C, unnumbered.
 

"La terre est un bateau," 1984

Scope and Content Note

For La Villette Science Museum, Paris. Production materials, such as handwritten text, sets of images on trace, paste-ups and annotated photocopies, transparencies, and multiple photocopy sets; for French version and English version, "Earth Is Like a Ship." See also Box 53. Boîte: 51, 95.1, 95.3, 99.1, 103, 109.
box 30, folder 1-5

Papers

box 132*, folder 3

Oversize materials

 

"L'espérance africaine," 1984-1987

Scope and Content Note

Rapport de M. Edgard Pisani, président de la commission préparatoire de la session spéciale des nations unies sur la situation économique africaine. Includes copies of Pisani report; multiple photocopies and production materials, including handwritten text, templates, paste-ups and annotated photocopies. Boîte: 14A, 14C, 50, 58E, 111.1.
box 31, folder 1-7

Papers

box 132*, folder 4

Oversize photocopies

box 29, folder 13

"A Bamboo Water Pipe," 1985

Scope and Content Note

By Eda Schaur. Images, paste-up, photocopies. Boîte: 51, 95.1, 111.3.
box 29, folder 14

"Keep Your Grain in a Good State," 1985

Scope and Content Note

By Eda Schaur. Images, paste-up, photocopies. Boîte: 51, 95.1, 111.3.
box 29, folder 15

"Harnessing the Wind," 1985

Scope and Content Note

By Eda Schaur. Images on trace and paper, paste-up, photocopies. Boîte: 51, 95.1, 111.
box 29, folder 16

"You Can Reduce Earthquake Damage," 1985

Scope and Content Note

The manual contains the following sections: What To Know about Earthquake; Earthquake Resistence of Walls and Structures; How To Make Walls More Safe; Light Roofs Make Less Damage. Included in the archive are handwritten text, paste-ups and photocopies. Boîte: 51, 98.2.
box 29, folder 17

"Como impedir a inundação," 1985

Scope and Content Note

By Anelice Lober, Fernanda Magalhaeg and Yona Friedman. Photocopy. Boîte: 47A.
box 29, folder 17

"Segurança da casa em morros," 1985

Scope and Content Note

By Anelice Lober, Fernanda Magalhaeg and Yona Friedman. Photocopies. Boîte: 47A, 102B.
box 29, folder 18

"Leibnitz. La monadologie," 1985

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of French version and photocopy of German version. Boîte: 105.1A, 105.2E.
box 29, folder 21

"Comment vit-on dans la ville?" 1985

Scope and Content Note

Published in Habitat d'Afrique, no 1 (1985): 1-2; fascicle with variant condensed version of section from "Où commence la ville?" manual (Box 21, folders 7-9). Boîte: unnumbered.
box 29, folder 19-20

1985 manual compilation, 1985

Scope and Content Note

Some manuals by Eda Schaur and others. Includes "Help Your Plants Grow;" "Energy Can Become a Farm Product;" "About Biogas;" "Keep Your Grain in a Good State;" "A Bamboo Water Pipe;" "Harnessing the Wind;" "You Can Reduce Earthquake Damage;" "Como impedir a inundação;" "Segurança da casa em morros." Photocopy, partial paste-up; distribution photocopy. Boîte; 105.1B, unnumbered.
box 32, folder 12

"What Does Mean Rural Energy Policy?," circa 1985

Scope and Content Note

The manual contains the following sections: 1) What Is Energy?; 2) How Energy Is Used?; 3) Energy Sources; 4) How Energy Is Consumed?; 5) Energy Sources You Can Find around You; 6) Machines That Make Energy Useful; 7) A Healthy Energy Policy. Included in the archive are sections of text and image on trace, paste-ups and photocopies of the manual; a text "About Rural Energy Policy," with handwritten drafts, paste-up and photocopies; photocopies of related manuals. Boîte: 95.2, 98.2.
box 32, folder 13

"Your Environment Might Be Important for You," 1986 or earlier

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace; photocopies, one annotated; paste-up version from publication. Boîte: 153.7.
box 32, folder 1

"What Is Agroforestry?" 1986

Scope and Content Note

Background information: Prof. J. Vieira da Silva, Centre botanique, Université Paris VII. Paste-up and photocopies. Boîte: 12, 51, 111.3, unnumbered.
box 32, folder 2

"Agroforestry: Which Forests?" 1986

Scope and Content Note

Background information: Prof. J. Vieira da Silva, Centre botanique, Université Paris VII. Paste-up and photocopies. Boîte: 12, 51, 111.3, unnumbered.
box 32, folder 3

"Agroforestry: Which Crops?" 1986

Scope and Content Note

Background information: Prof. J. Vieira da Silva, Centre botanique, Université Paris VII. Photocopies. Boîte: 12, 51, 111.3, unnumbered.
box 32, folder 4

"What Care Does Need a Woodland Farm?" 1986

Scope and Content Note

Background information: Prof. J. Vieira da Silva, Centre botanique, Université Paris VII. Photocopies. Boîte: 12, 51, 111.3.
box 32, folder 5

"A Kitchen Garden for Your Health Can Be Very Small," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 12.
box 32, folder 6

"Urban Agriculture," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 12.
box 32, folder 7

"Environment and Poverty," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 12.
box 32, folder 8

"Choosing Plants for Your Kitchen Garden," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies. Boîte: 12, 51.
box 32, folder 9

"Medicin from Your Kitchen Garden," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Hand-drafted copy; photocopies. Boîte: 12, 51.
box 32, folder 10

"Simple Remedies against Common Ills," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft of text; copy of manual with hand-drawn images; photocopies. Boîte: 12, 35.2, 51.
box 32, folder 11

"Termites Give You Natural Cement," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Yona Friedman and Eda Schaur. Background information: The Developing Countries Farm Radio Network. Handwritten draft of text; photocopies of manual. Boîte: 12, 35.2, 51, 111.3, unnumbered.
box 33, folder 1

"You Need Trees on Your Land," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package with introductory text includes: "Farming in 3 Stories;" "Crops with Less Water;" "You Can Grow Your Own Fuel for Cooking;" "What Is Agroforestry?;" "Agroforestry: Which Forests?;" "Agroforestry: Which Crops?;" "What Care Does Need a Woodland Farm?" Photocopy. Boîte: 107.1A.
box 33, folder 2

"Growing Vegetables for Yourself," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package with introductory text includes: "Urban Agriculture;" "Growing Food on Shelves;" "Help Your Plants To Grow;" "Irrigating Drop by Drop;" "A Kitchen Garden for Your Health Can Be Very Small;" "Choosing Plants for Your Kitchen Garden;" "Mushrooms: A Richer Food." Photocopy. Boîte: 107.1B.
box 33, folder 3

"Energy: A Farm Product," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package with introductory text includes: "Energy Can Become a Farm Product;" "Let the Wind Work for You;" "Harnessing the Wind;" "About Biogas;" "A Simple Waterlift;" "A Hearth for Using Less Fuel;" "You Can Grow Your Own Fuel for Cooking;" "Cooking with the Sun;" "Keeping the Inside Tempered." Photocopy. Boîte: 107.1C.
box 33, folder 4

"Roof and Shelter," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package with introductory text includes: "Making Your House;" "What Can You Build of and How?;" "It Is Important To Improve Your Roof;" "How Strong Can Be a Beam?;" "Bending Makes the Beam Stronger;" "Simple Ways To Build a Vault;" "Rings into Roofs;" "Trees Make a Shelter;" "Building with Grass;" "A Roof Should Resist Water;" "Keeping the Inside Tempered;" "Working Together;" "Urban Waste: A Resource." Photocopy. Boîte: 107.1D.
box 33, folder 5

"Protect Yourself against Disasters," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package with introductory text includes: "Nature Can Bring upon You Disasters Too;" "A Few Words about Flood and Dams;" "You Can Reduce Earthquake Damage;" "How To Avoid Inundation;" "Safety on Slopes;" "Preventing Fire." Photocopy. Boîte: 107.1E.
box 33, folder 6

"Food Enrichment and Conservation," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package with introductory text includes: "Spending Less and Better Nourished;" "Germination Increases the Value of Your Food;" "Mushrooms: A Richer Food;" "Drying Food for Tomorrow;" "Keeping Food Fresh by Cold;" "Keep Your Grain in a Good State;" "A Granary You Can Build;" "Don't Leave Your Food for Rats." Photocopy. Boîte: 107.
box 33, folder 7

"Your Environment Feeds You," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package with introductory text includes: "Your Environment Might Be Important for You;" "It Is Your Own World You Pollute;" "Don't Live with Garbage;" "Environment and Poverty;" "Waste Land into Farmland;" "Washing Salty Land;" "Help Your Plants To Grow;" "What Is Agroforestry?;" "Urban Agriculture;" "Waste into Food;" "Weeds into Wealth." Photocopy. Boîte: 107.
box 33, folder 8

"Africa Needs a Food Policy," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package with introductory text includes: "Africa Needs a Food Policy;" "Urban Agriculture;" "A Kitchen Garden for Your Health Can Be Very Small;" "Choosing Plants for Your Kitchen Garden;" "Waste Land into Farmland;" "Washing Salty Land;" "Catching the Run-off Water;" "Water Storage;" "Crops with Less Water;" "Irrigating Drop by Drop;" "Farming in 3 Stories." Photocopy. Boîte: 107.
box 33, folder 9

"Protect Your Health," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package with introductory text includes: "It Is Your Own World You Pollute;" "Don't Live with Garbage;" "About Public Latrines;" "Washing the Water;" "Make Your Water Safe by Boiling;" "Keep Flies Away from Your Food;" "Medicin from Your Kitchen Garden;" "Simple Remedies against Common Ills;" "How To Save People with Diarrhea;" "Leprosy Can Be Healed." Photocopies. Boîte: 35.1, 108.1A.
box 33, folder 10

"Water Management for Small Farmers," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package includes: "Water from the Sky;" "Catching the Run-off Water;" "Water Storage;" "Water That Goes To the Sun;" "Crops with Less Water;" "How Trees Can Grow with Little Water;" "Irrigating Drop by Drop;" "Washing the Water." Photocopy. Boîte: 108.1B.
box 33, folder 11

"Planning in the Neighbourhood," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package includes: "Planning Your Town;" "Planning Your House;" "Public and Private;" "A Structure in Common;" "Many People, Little Place, Little Means;" "A Roof in Common;" "Working Together;" "Making the House Beautiful;" "Preventing Fire." Photocopy. Boîte: 108.1C.
box 33, folder 12

"Better and More Land," 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package includes: "Waste Land into Farm Land;" "Washing Salty Land;" "Farming in 3 Stories;" "Catching the Run-off Water;" "How Trees Can Grow with Little Water;" "What Is Agroforestry?;" "A Kitchen Garden for Your Health Can Be Very Small;" "Help Your Plants Grow;" "Weeds into Wealth;" "Waste into Food." Photocopy. Boîte: 108.1D.
box 33, folder 14

"Some Problems of Environment," circa 1986

Scope and Content Note

Manual package. Photocopy. Boîte: 107.
box 33, folder 13

"Continent Ocean," 1986

Scope and Content Note

For the National Museum of Sciences and Technology, La Villette, Paris. Includes handwritten text for manual; paste-up version; materials relating to Ocean exhibit. Boîte:12.
box 34, folder 1-8

Museum of Simple Technology manuals, 1986-1987

Scope and Content Note

Includes handwritten lists of exhibits and manuals on display; photocopies of manuals reformatted for display, as well as photocopies in original format; in addition to usual didactic manuals includes copies of "A Museum of Simple Technology," "Why a Communication Centre?," sample compilations, "How the Manuals Are Used?," "Some Letters We Received." Boîte: 13, 53, 48.1D, 49, 95.2, 106.2F.
 

Project converting manuals to audiovisual formats, circa 1986-1987

Scope and Content Note

Includes production materials, such as larger-format versions of frames, colored frames, color tests, transparency overlays and equipment catalogs, as well as color photographs, slides and negatives. Boîte: 55, 56, 57, 95.3, 100.3, 101, 109.
box 35, folder 1-7

Papers

box 106, folder 5

Color photographs, slides and negatives

box 37, folder 8

"About Cyclones," 1987

Scope and Content Note

For Prepare, India. Includes handwritten text; photocopy of manual; letter from Dharmaraj(?). Boîte: 47I.
box 37, folder 12

"Une innovation technique au service des économiquement faibles," 1987

Scope and Content Note

Original drawing for cover; photocopies of manual. Boîte: 59.
box 37, folder 9

"Raising Fish for Your Family and for the Market," 1988

Scope and Content Note

Based on "Freshwater Fish Farming" published by F.A.O. Paste-up and photocopy. Boîte: 42E, unnumbered.
box 37, folder 10

"Self-forming Terraces on Slopes," circa 1988

Scope and Content Note

Background material: Developing Countries Farm Radio Network. Photocopies. Boîte: 46.
box 37, folder 1-5

"Facts for Life," 1988, 1996

Scope and Content Note

For UNICEF. The manual contains the following sections: 1) Timing Births; 2) Safe Motherhood; 3) Breastfeeding; 4) Child Growth; 5) Immunization; 6) Diarrhoea; 7) Coughs and Colds; 8) Hygiene; 9) Malaria; 10) A.I.D.S. Included in the archive are a copy of text to be followed; paste-ups using that text; hand-drawn images for manual; photocopies of manual; 1996 publication documenting UNICEF Facts for Life program. Boîte: 45.
box 37, folder 11

"Déclaration universelle des droits de l'homme," 1989

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies. Boîte: 32B.
box 36, folder 1-10

Roofs, Parts 1 and 2/ "Roof for People" manual, 1990-1992

Scope and Content Note

For UNESCO. Compilation of manuals relating to roofing. Includes the following sections: "Making Your Home;" "What Can You Build with and How?;" "Choosing Materials;" "Flat Roofs;" "Space Frames;" "Bamboo Domes with Suspended Mat Cover;" "Lattice Domes;" "Bulb-shaped Domes;" "Rings into Roofs;" "Structures Made with Ring-balls;" "Roofs Made with Rings (Space Chains);" "Suspended Roofs;" "Ropes and Rods;" "Freely Shapeable Roofs;" "Dome Structures with Flexible Materials;" "Building with Grass;" "False Domes;" "Conic Domes;" "Simple Ways To Build a Vault;" "Vaults without Scaffolding;" "Suspended Domes;" "How To Keep Aloft the Roof;" "The Chain-line;" "How Strong Can a Beam Be?;" "Bending Makes the Beam Stronger;" "A Roof Should Resist to Water;" "Keeping the Inside Temperate;" "Preventing Fire;" "It Is Important To Improve Your Roof." Included here are copies of publication; copies of manuals "improved" with annotations in red pen for Roof project/Osaka competition; photocopies; handwritten text, paste-ups and other production materials. Boîte: 5M, 35, 35E, 35F, 48.2A, 63, 67, unnumbered.
box 37, folder 6-7

"Traité sur l'amélioration de l'habitat ancien," circa 1991

Scope and Content Note

Paste-up and photocopy. Also earlier version(?) for L'agence nationale pour l'amélioration de l'habitat (ANAH), with handwritten draft of text and photocopy of text layout with no images. Boîte: 1A, 1X, 81.
box 38, folder 1

"Building Mounds Safe of Floods," circa 1991

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 1F.
box 38, folder 13

"Earth Pledge," circa 1991-1992

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 76H.
box 38, folder 2

"Les sans-abris doivent être logés!," circa 1992

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text; layout; paste-up copy; photocopy of manual. Boîte: 28O, 75C.
box 38, folder 3

"Ville-continent," circa 1994

Scope and Content Note

French and English versions with handwritten and typescript text; paste-ups; photocopies. Also includes photocopy of poster, Votre ville l'Europe. Boîte: 158A, 158B, 158C, 158G.
box 42, folder 21

"Thinking about the City," circa 1994

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of manual; annotated photocopy of "Thinking about the City" article text. Boîte: 167M. See also Box 13, folder 3.
box 39, folder 1-7

The "Trompe-l'oeil" Universe, 1997-2002

Scope and Content Note

Includes materials relating to the 2002 graphic publication, as well as earlier textual material, primarily in French: handwritten text drafts and notes, with photocopies; typescript drafts, with photocopies; handwritten and typescript drafts of image text, with photocopies; original drawings for graphics; photocopies of graphic format in French; paste-up of book in English. Boîte: 161G, 164C, 165G, 165S, 167A, 167B, 167C, 170NN, unnumbered.
box 40, folder 10

Manual about structures, circa 1998

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft of text, notes; sketches; photocopy of manual; also includes gallery ephemera. Boîte: 165B.
box 38, folder 5-6

"Les fonctions des espaces spécialisés..., circa 1999

Scope and Content Note

French and English versions; paste-up and photocopies. English version labelled "Slide show for Columbia University, 1999." Boîte: 167P, 168M, 172.
box 38, folder 7

"Africa Needs a Food Policy Now and for the Future," 2000

Scope and Content Note

Based on the Dakar seminar Africa 2000. Photocopies. Boîte: 51, 111.
box 37, folder 11

"Processus Architecture," 2000

Scope and Content Note

Presented at the International Symposium on Electronic Art (ISEA), Paris, December 7-10, 2000. Handwritten text draft; composite original and photocopy paste-up text and images; photocopy. Boîte: 170T, 170U.
 

Théorie et images, 2000

Scope and Content Note

Boîte: 169V, unnumbered.
box 38, folder 4

Paste-up dummy of the book

box 132*, folder 6

Photocopies of cover image

 

"What Could Be Architecture in the 3rd Millenium?," circa 2000

Scope and Content Note

Published as Le point d'ironie, no. 24, in association with Documenta XI. Handwritten text, notes and images; version on trace; paste-ups; photocopies; production materials for publication; fascicles of publication. Boîte: 170E, 170Z, 170KK, 170MM, 171.
box 38, folder 9

Papers

box 132*, folder 7

Oversize fascicles

box 38, folder 10

"Softening the City: An Urban Utopia for the 3rd Millenium," circa 2001

Scope and Content Note

Presentation at Technische Universität Darmstadt. Handwritten draft of abstract; notes; photocopies of images; photocopy of manual. Boîte: 171, unnumbered.
box 38, folder 11

"Les intellectuels," new version, circa 2001

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text and images; photocopy. Boîte: 170Q.
box 40, folder 6

"Les 10 principes du 'nouvel espace urbain': Un complément aux 10 principes de l'urbanisme mobile," circa 2001

Scope and Content Note

Includes text and images on trace; text and image paste-up; photocopy; version with tranparencies and collaging on colored paper; notes. Boîte: 170, 170O, 171, unnumbered.
box 38, folder 12

"Architecture Is the Art of Shaping Voids," circa early 2000s

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on paper; photocopies. Boîte: 169F.
box 40, folder 7

"Best Possible Universe," 2002

Scope and Content Note

Published in 032c no. 4, Winter 2002/2003. Handwritten text and images; paste-up; photocopies. Boîte: 172.
box 40, folder 12

"Merzstrukturen," circa 2002

Scope and Content Note

Original text, drawings and manual, with photocopies; notes; Fifth International Conference on Space Structures and Spatial Wood Structure international colloquium (back to back conferences at the University of Surrey) announcements. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 40, folder 8

Manual for Vienna (?), circa 2004

Scope and Content Note

Paste-up of French version; handwritten text and photocopies of English version. Boîte: 162B.2, 168B.1, 168B.2.
 

Vous avez un chien, 2004

Scope and Content Note

Includes handwritten and typescript drafts of text in French and English; paste-ups; photocopies of assembled text and graphics, some annotated; photocopy in camera-ready format; proofs of cover; photographs. Boîte: 157A, 157C, 157D, 157E, 158O, unnumbered.
box 40, folder 1-5

Production materials

box 106, folder 3

Color photographs of Friedman and Balkis

 

Cities, 2004-2005

Scope and Content Note

Production materials include: handwritten drafts of brief text and outline; photocopies of drawings, some annotated; collages; photomontages; photocopies of photographs, collages and photomontages; camera-ready layout. Boîte: 196, Cities A, B, C.
box 41, folder 1-6

Papers

box 106, folder 4

Color photographs

box 40, folder 11

"Mainstream Architecture's Product Is a Shoebox," circa 2005

Scope and Content Note

Drawings with text, and photocopies; notes. Published as cover of Domus 879 (2005). Boîte: 174, 196.
box 40, folder 9

"Irregular Structures," 2005-2006

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Also includes announcement for 2006 lecture in Vienna. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 42, folder 1

Manual on development, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 76F.
box 42, folder 2

Manual on the economy, undated

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace, photocopy. Boîte: 114C, 143.
box 42, folder 3

Manual on aesthetics, undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text; notes; paste-up; photocopy. Boîte: 168C.
box 42, folder 4

Manual on system, undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text; text and images on trace, photocopy. Boîte: 113F, 143.
box 42, folder 5

"The Car Will Come to Take You to the City...," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text and images. Boîte: 105.
box 42, folder 6

"Vos vêtements sont faits à la mesure de votre corps...," undated

Scope and Content Note

Text and mages on trace; paste-up. Boîte: 147.
box 42, folder 7

"Public Cultural Actions...," undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies. Boîte: 5M, 139F, 140B.
box 42, folder 8

"Dichte in der Natur," undated

Scope and Content Note

Pour Musée de Zurich. Text and images on trace; photocopies. Boîte: 102B, 113C, 139D, 143.
box 42, folder 9

Manual on creation, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy. Boîte: 130N.
box 42, folder 10

"Rainwater is good water...," undated

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace, photocopy. Boîte: 137E, 139A.
box 42, folder 11

"Dans le monde les problèmes qui se posent sont nombreux...," undated

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace. Boîte: 143.
box 42, folder 12

"L'enfant rusé," undated

Scope and Content Note

Un conte de Côte d'Ivoire d'après Ndri Daya, traduit par Nguessan Kouadio. Paste-up of text with no images; photocopy of text with hand drawn images; photocopies. Boîte: 111, 169Z.
box 42, folder 13

"A Myth about the Creation of the World," undated

Scope and Content Note

Copy of text with no images, photocopies of complete work. Boîte: 111, 169Z.
box 42, folder 14

Manual on the I Ging (I Ching), undated

Scope and Content Note

Text and images on trace for English and German versions; paste-up of English version; photocopy of German version; photocopies of text. Boîte: 106.2C, 106.2F, unnumbered.
box 42, folder 15

"Un remède au sous-emploi," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text only. Boîte: 28X.
box 42, folder 16

"Die Schöpfung," undated

Scope and Content Note

Trad. Martin Buber. Photocopies. Boîte: 5f, 32H.
box 42, folder 18

Manual on La ville spatiale, undated

Scope and Content Note

For DIAS. Photocopies. Boîte: 169L, 169BB.
box 42, folder 19

"Tout le monde est d'accord...," undated

Scope and Content Note

Manual and poster form; photocopies. Boîte: 61B, unnumbered.
box 42, folder 20

"The Dubrovnik Billboard," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft of text; text and images on trace. Boîte: 113E.
box 42, folder 22

"Crumpled Sheets," undated

Scope and Content Note

Originals and photocopies; photocopies of photographs of models. Boîte: 196
box 42, folder 23

Manual on the Qoran (Koran), undated

Scope and Content Note

Original drawings and image list. Boîte: 69B.
box 42, folder 24

"Die Geschichte des Kreises," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text; photocopies of manual. Boîte: 35.1.
box 41A, folder 1-3

Various manuals in translation, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of various manuals translated into Indonesian, Farsi and languages of India, including Hindi. Boîte: 12, 40.2, 47F, 48.2B, 48.2H, 103, 143.6.
box 41A, folder 4

Miscellaneous materials, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes blank manual templates and stray unidentified pages of manuals, both originals on trace and photocopies. Boîte: 38.1D, 88, 95.1, 114E, 143.1, 163T, unnumbered.
 

Series III. Design competition entries, 1959-2000

Physical Description: 4.8 Linear Feet (8 boxes, 2 flatfiles, 2 boxed rolls)

Scope and Content Note

Yona Friedman entered design competitions as another means of spreading his ideas on architecture and planning. Series III contains materials relating to those competition entries, as well as prizes awarded to Friedman. Included here are proposals, notes, sketches, drawings, collages, photomontages and photographic documentation of models from throughout Friedman's career.

Arrangement

The series is arranged in roughly chronological order. Friedman's original associative arrangement can be traced by the "boîte" numbers in each entry. A search using the "find" command with one of those entries will retrieve the other materials originally housed in the same folder or box (see Arrangement and Processing History notes above).
 

Renewal of city center, Tunis, 1959-1960

Scope and Content Note

Includes text of proposal and images on trace, mounted drawings and photographs of model, copies of drawings, photocopies of studies. Boîte: 10A4, 12, 17B, 26C.3, 131A.
box 43, folder 1-3

Papers

box 133*, folder 1

Oversize materials

 

Bâtiment à l'enjambée, Luxembourg, circa 1960

Scope and Content Note

Concours pour la construction des bâtiments représentatifs sur le plateau du Saint-Esprit. Materials include project proposal (561923), with keyed drawings; site plan; plans on transparencies; photographs of model, with photocopies; overlay on trace of drawing for ville spatiale and photocopies of photomontages. Boîte: 10A.2, 17B, 17.5, 159U, 176, unnumbered.
box 43, folder 10

Papers and photographs

box 133*, folder 6

Oversize proposal

box 146**

Oversize site plan

box 43, folder 15

Concours de la Maison européenne 1962, Gand, 1962

Scope and Content Note

Proposal; drawings and sketches; photographs of drawings; notes; competition information. Boîte: VilleSpatiale1958.
box 43, folder 13

Concours international portant sur un projet d'une unité d'habitation fabriquée à l'échelle industrielle, 1965

Scope and Content Note

Announcement; drawings; notes. Boîte: 18C.
box 43, folder 12

Prix international "regolo d'oro" 1966, 1966

Scope and Content Note

Research competition sponsored by Brenta Precompressi AB. Announcement, sketches, notes. Boîte: 18C.
box 43, folder 4

Parliament House, Dar es Salaam, 1967

Scope and Content Note

Includes photocopy of project proposal/notes; drawings on trace and graph paper; copies of drawings; photographs of models, with negatives. Boîte: 25B, 66, 169K.
box 43, folder 4

Papers and photographs

box 107, folder 5

Negatives

 

Pompidou Center, Paris, 1970, undated

Scope and Content Note

With Georges Patrix. Includes proposal; drawings on trace and paper; copies of drawings; notes; photographs of model; photomontages of model; photomontage of current structure. Also includes earlier proposal (Luxembourg?), modified and used as basis for a draft, as well as copies of later photomontages incorporating Pompidou as built. Boîte: 1Q, 18H, 18I, 18M, 18N, 27A, 27B, 57, 131B, 140D, 193.
box 43, folder 5-8

Papers

box 107, folder 1

Photographic negatives of models

box 43, folder 11

Computer Center, Secunderabad, 1975-1976

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 141.
 

National Theater, Budapest, circa 1980

Scope and Content Note

With Eda Schaur. Photocopy of proposal with drawings, slides of drawings and maquette. Boîte: 71C, 129.
box 43, folder 14

Papers

box 107, folder 3

Slides

 

Tête Défense, Paris, 1982

Scope and Content Note

Includes drawings on trace, drawings on paper, copies of drawings. Boîte: 27E, 127K.
box 43, folder 9

Papers

flatfile 1**

Oversize drawing

 

International Forum, Tokyo, 1989

Scope and Content Note

With Eda Schaur. Includes original plans and drawings on trace and paper; photocopies of plans and drawings, some with annotations, color or collage; production materials for montages, color photographs of model and for montages. Boîte: 28U, 56.2C, 57, 66, 78U, 87F, 159A.
box 44, folder 1

Papers

box 108

Color photographs, slides and negatives

 

Sophisticated Roof-building with Simple Means, circa 1989

Scope and Content Note

World Habitat Award submission. Includes preliminary submission; award guidelines booklet and information; handwritten text and notes; photocopies of manuals, drawings, notes, articles. Boîte: 36.
box 44, folder 7

Papers

box 133*, folder 2

Oversize materials

 

Maison du Japon, Paris, 1990

Scope and Content Note

Includes original plans and drawings on trace and paper; photocopies of plans and drawings, some with annotations; photocopies of photomontage, slides. Boîte: 71B, 71H, 71L, 71M, 71N, 129.
box 44, folder 2-3

Papers

box 107, folder 4

Slides

box 44, folder 4-6

Samerkand, Uzbekistan, 1990

Scope and Content Note

Includes handwritten and typescript drafts of text; plans and drawings on trace and on paper; photocopies of plans and drawings, some annotated, collaged; notes. Boîte: 8B, 8C, 8D, 8E, 8F, 8G, 68D.
 

Roofs for People, 1991-1997

Scope and Content Note

With Eda Schaur, 5th International Design Competition, Osaka. Includes handwritten text and notes; typescript drafts; drawings; photocopies of production materials; photocopies of presentation; copy of festival program; letters from Japan Design Foundation regarding awarding of Grand Prize to Friedman and Schaur, as well as later follow-up on activities of prize winners. Boîte: 1B, 5B, 35, 63, 74A, 76G, 163R, unnumbered.
box 45, folder 1-4

Papers

box 133*, folder 3

Oversize materials

 

Hills of the winds / La colline des vents, 1992

Scope and Content Note

6th International Design Competition, Osaka. Includes competition brochure; handwritten and typed drafts of submission form; handwritten and typescript drafts; drawings on paper; collages; color photographs of models; photocopies. Boîte: 80N, 80O, 80P, 80S, 80T, 80U, 80V, 80W, 89B, 89E, 123K.
box 45, folder 5-9

Papers

box 107, folder 2

Color photographs and negatives of models

 

Labyrinth, 1992

Scope and Content Note

International Public Design Competition, Nagoya, with Eda Schaur (?). Includes competition brochure; competition submission form; handwritten and typescript drafts of text; drawings on paper and trace; collages; notes; photocopies. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 46, folder 1-3

Papers

box 133*, folder 4

Oversize materials

 

Raising the Roof, Opening Doors: Living Environments for People with AIDS, Boston, 1992

Scope and Content Note

Schema derived from Marseilles project (See Boxes 67-68). Includes competition prospectus, poster and site plans; notes; handwritten and typewritten drafts of proposal; drawings and collages; photocopies. Boîte: 84, 123Z.
box 46, folder 4-5

Papers

flatfile 2**

Oversize material

box 44, folder 8

Kyoto Prize in Creative Arts and Moral Sciences, 1998

Scope and Content Note

Informational booklet; nomination form; handwritten and typescript drafts of nomination text; photocopies; photocopies of accompanying material. Nomination form submitted in the name of Anthony Hill. Boîte: 162N.
 

Milano Pyramid, 1999-2000

Scope and Content Note

Concorso internazionale di architettura, Milano 2001, III Millenium. Includes handwritten drafts of text; drawings and collages on paper and trace; overlays; photocopies of text, drawings, photographs; site plans. Boîte: 166.
box 47, folder 1-4

Papers

box 133*, folder 5

Oversize materials

box 147**

Site plans

 

Series IV. Exhibitions, 1959-2004

Physical Description: 8.7 Linear Feet (22 boxes, 2 flatfiles, 1 boxed roll)

Scope and Content Note

From early in his career to the present day, Friedman's work has been made available in a variety of public venues ranging from traditional gallery exhibitions to the street theater of his Urban Carpet project to the full-scale didactic model that was the Museum of Simple Technology. Production materials relating to and documentation of these displays form Series IV. Included here are proposals, notes and sketches, installation designs and related materials, didactic material, loan agreements, correspondence, exhibition ephemera, drawings, collages and photomontages, as well as photographic documentation of the displays. Production materials for exhibition catalogs are also to be found in this series.

Arrangement

The series is arranged in roughly chronological order. Friedman's original associative arrangement can be traced by the "boîte" numbers in each entry. A search using the "find" command with one of those entries will retrieve the other materials originally housed in the same folder or box (see Arrangement and Processing History notes above).
box 59, folder 17

Unidentified exhibition, circa 1959-1961

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace. Boîte: 10A.7.
box 59, folder 21

L'art narratif de Yona Friedman, Galerie Ursula Girardon, Paris, 1963

Scope and Content Note

Announcement; typescript of text. Boîte: 19H.2, AncienOrig1.
box 59, folder 18

Esthétique et civilisation industrielle, Maison des beaux-arts, Paris, 1964 February

Scope and Content Note

Annotated exhibition brochure. Boîte: AncienOrig2.
box 59, folder 20

Unidentified exhibition, Eindhoven, 1960s

Scope and Content Note

Drawings and charts on trace. Boîte: 10B7.
box 59, folder 1

Expo '70, Osaka, 1970

Scope and Content Note

Includes handwritten proposal; typescript draft of proposal; copy of typescript draft of proposal; copy of letter from organizing body; drawings on trace; photomontage; photograph. Boîte: 22B, 180, GRI2B.
box 59, folder 16

Yona Friedman: Self Design, Kensington Arts Association, Toronto, 1973

Scope and Content Note

Notes/outline for exhibition; draft of letter to Amerigo Marras. Boîte: 122.
 

Une utopie réalisée, Musée d'art moderne de la ville de Paris, 1975

Scope and Content Note

Includes material relating to the exhibition and the catalog. Catalog production materials: photocopies of cover graphics; handwritten and typescript drafts of text in French and English and photocopies; drawings and photocopies for "manual" section; photocopies of drawings in text; page layouts; dummy with corrections. Exhibition materials: installation sketches and notes, with photocopies; photograph; photocopies of montages. Boîte: 92, 142, unnumbered.
box 48, folder 1-8

Papers

box 134*, folder 1

Oversize materials

box 109, folder 1

Color photograph

 

Urban Carpet / Tapis urbain, 1975

Scope and Content Note

Photographs and photocopies; drawings and photocopies. Boîte: 43, 113, 131E.
box 48, folder 9

Papers and black-and-white photographs

box 109, folder 2

Color photographs

box 59, folder 15

Exposition Méditerranéenne à Collioure, circa mid to late 1970s

Scope and Content Note

Text, drawings and notes for illustrated panels. Boîte: 112.
 

Museum of Simple Technology, Madras, 1982-1987

Scope and Content Note

With Eda Schaur. Includes proposals; notes and sketches; drawings and photocopies; collaged images; photographs and photocopies; correspondence; cost estimates and invoices; didactic material; translations; press releases and press coverage; business cards and contact information. Also includes material on Alunatte. Boîte: 5L, 11, 12, 13, 16, 47, 48, 55, 56, 57, 59, 66, 71I, 99.3, 100, 110, 130HH, 164L.
box 49-51

Papers

box 134*, folder 2

Oversize material

box 52

Black-and-white photographs

box 110-111

Color photographs, slides, negatives and photomontages

 

Musée national des sciences, des techniques et des industries, la Villette, Paris, permanent exhibitions, 1984-1985

Scope and Content Note

Materials relating to proposed contribution to the permanent exhibitions at La Villette, as well as "La terre est un bateau." Includes correspondence; museum planning documentation and didactic materials; prints of architectural drawings; sketches and notes; drawings and photocopies; financial documentation. For associated manuals see Series II, Box 29-30. Boîte: 57, 95, 98, 112D, UN.
box 53, folder 1-4

Papers

box 134*, folder 3

Oversize materials

flatfile 3**

Prints of architectural drawings

box 109, folder 6

Color photographs and slides

box 59, folder 2

The Vision of Modernism, Deutsches Architekturmuseum, Frankfurt, 1985

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence; loan agreement; photocopies of drawings and photographs. Boîte: 35.1, 99.2.
box 59, folder 19

Les années 50, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1988

Scope and Content Note

Letter, loan forms and shipping receipt. Boîte: 40.2.
 

Pavillons de l'hydrologie simple, La Villette, Paris, 1989-1990

Scope and Content Note

With Eda Schaur. Includes photocopies of proposal; photographs and photocopies; sketches; drawings and photocopies; architectural drawings; correspondence; documentation regarding materials and costs; invoices; "L'eau du ciel" manuals; photographs and slides of installation; photographs of maquette. Boîte: 5G, 35A, 35H, 56.1E, 57, 66, 75G, 88, 98.3, 129, unnumbered.
.
box 54, folder 1-7

Papers and black-and-white photographs

box 134*, folder 3

Oversize materials

box 109, folder 3

Color photographs, slides and negatives

flatfile 3**

Prints of architectural drawings

 

International Research and Development Center (IRDC), Ottawa, 1990

Scope and Content Note

Entry on low-cost building techniques for an exhibition on best discoveries for developing countries in past twenty years. Photocopies of images mounted on colored paper; photocopies of mounted images; photographs; photocopies of selected manuals and drafts and photocopies of "Shelters for the Great Number." Boîte: 57, 63.2, 64I, 66, 67, 68D.
box 55, folder 1-7

Papers and photographs

box 109, folder 4

Negatives

box 59, folder 14

La civilisation du bambou, Parc André Citroën, Paris, 1994

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of letter from organizing body; photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 88, 123C.
box 59, folder 3

Wunschmaschine Welterfindung, Kunsthalle Wien, 24.5.1996-28.7.1996, 1995-1996

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence; contracts and financial documents; guest list; photocopies of photographs. Boîte: 159B, 159G.
box 59, folder 24

Mastering the City, Netherlands Architecture Institute (NAI), Rotterdam, 1997

Scope and Content Note

Includes photocopies of letters from Esther Agricola regarding exhibition and video; photocopies of works in exhibition; photocopy of Agricola article in exhibition publication. Boîte: 161I, 162I, 164Z, unnumbered.
 

Made in France: 1947-1997, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1997

Scope and Content Note

Includes exhibition ephemera and photocopies; photographs. Boîte: 57, 161A.
box 59, folder 4

Papers

box 109, folder 5

Color photographs

box 59, folder 4A

Premises: Invested Spaces in Visual Arts, Architecture, & Design from France: 1958-1998 , Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1998

Scope and Content Note

Letters from exhibition organizers at the Pompidou; photocopies of drawings; notes. Boîte: unnumbered.
 

The Displaced Grid, RIBA Architectural Centre, London (1998), 1997-1998

Scope and Content Note

Color photographs; photocopy of description of exhibition; photocopy of loan agreement with Fonds regional d'art contemporain (FRAC); photocopies of drawings; notes. Boîte: 37, 164O, unnumbered.
box 59, folder 4B

Papers

box 109, folder 6

Color photographs

 

Structures Serving the Unpredictable, Netherlands Architecture Institute (NAI), Rotterdam, 1998-2000

Scope and Content Note

Materials relating to planning of exhibition and catalog, as well as documentation regarding the contents of the exhibit. Includes correspondence; drawings on trace and paper; collages; photomontage; exhibition design materials, including architectural drawings; drafts, proofs and unbound copy of catalog. Also includes drafts of letter written in 2000 to FRAC regarding ceding of NAI exhibition material. Boîte: 165T, 167E, 168N, 169KK, unnumbered.
box 56, folder 1-6

Papers

box 112, folder 1

Color photographs

box 137*, folder 1

Oversize materials

box 148**

Oversize gallery plans

 

Architecture mobile, Institut français d'architecture, Paris, 2000

Scope and Content Note

Includes exhibition and lecture ephemera; photographs and photocopies. Boîte: 170A, 170D, 170AA, 172, 195.
box 59, folder 5

Papers

box 112, folder 2

Color photographs

 

Yona Friedman: A Retrospective, Österreichische Gesellschaft für Architektur, Vienna, 2000

Scope and Content Note

Exhibition and lecture ephemera. Boîte: 169Y.
box 59, folder 13

Papers

box 134*, folder 7

Poster

 

Ville Spatiale, 1st Yokohama Triennial, Yokohama, 2000-2001

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence, drawings and photocopies; notes; drafts of text; photographs; exhibition ephemera; receipts; photomontages and materials. Boîte: 169X, 170X, 170Y, 178.
box 57, folder 1-2

Papers

box 113

Color photographs

flatfile 4**

Oversize material

 

The Short Century, Museum Villa Stuck, Munich, 2001

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence; loan agreements; photographs and photocopies. Boîte: 170W.
box 59, folder 6

Papers

box 109, folder 8

Color photographs

 

Selections from the Collection Fonds regional d'art contemporain du Centre, Orléans, France , Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York, February 8 2001-March 17 2001, 2001

Scope and Content Note

Sketches; gallery information; installation instructions; photographs and photocopies; photocopies of New Year's card drawings incorporating these models. Boîte: 170CC, unnumbered.
box 59, folder 7

Papers

box 112, folder 3

Color photographs

 

Urban Creation, 4th Shanghai Biennial, Shanghai, 2002

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence; proposal; drawings on paper and trace with photocopies on paper and transparencies; collages of photocopied drawings and photomontage; notebook; exhibition ephemera; receipts. Boîte: 181, 188.
box 57, folder 3-6

Papers

box 134*, folder 4-5

Oversize material

box 114, folder 1

Color photographs, negatives and photomontage

 

Documenta XI, Kassel, Germany, 2002

Scope and Content Note

Includes project proposal; correspondence; drawings and photocopies; exhibit material preparation; photographs and photocopies; collages. Includes documentation of NAI and Yokohama exhibitions, as well as earlier original project material. Boîte: 177, unnumbered.
box 58, folder 1-3

Papers

box 134*, folder 6

Oversize material

box 115, folder 1

Color photographs

box 59, flatfile 11

DO IT, e-flux online exhibition, 2002

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten text; correspondence. Boîte: 172.
box 59, folder 12

The Changing of the Avant Garde, Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2002

Scope and Content Note

Information forms for images in exhibition. Boîte: 172.
 

Biennale di ceramica nell'arte contemporanea, Albisola, 2003

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence; sketches and drawings, with photocopies; photographs, with photocopies; installation plans. Boîte: 172, 174, 194, 195.
box 59, folder 22

Papers

box 109, folder 7

Color photographs

 

Rubbish is Beautiful/Utopia Station, 50th Biennal Venice, 2003

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence; photographs and photocopies; drafts of "manual;" sketches and notes; receipts; drawings on paper and trace and photocopies; photocopies of photomontages; notebook. Boîte: 176, 182, 188.
box 58, folder 4-5

Papers

box 116

Color photographs and photomontages

box 59, folder 8

Un-built Cities, Bonner Kunstverein, Bonn, 2003

Scope and Content Note

Correspondence, handwritten draft of text; exhibition ephemera. Boîte: 174, 175.
box 59, folder 23

Exhibition at Casa Luis Barragan, 2003

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of letter from Friedman. Boîte: 174.
box 59, folder 9

Micro Utopias, Bienal de Valencia, 2003

Scope and Content Note

Exhibition information; sketch; photocopies of photographs of installation. Boîte: 174.
 

Do Your City, Nuit Blanche, Musée d'art moderne de la ville de Paris, Paris, 2004

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence; sketches; drawings on trace and photocopies; photographs and photocopies; photocopy collages; colored photocopies of photomontages; "manual." Boîte: 173, 174, 188, 194.
box 58, folder 6

Papers

box 117, folder 1

Color photographs

box 59, folder 10

Une ville spatiale, Aedes East Extension Pavillon, Berlin, 2004

Scope and Content Note

Gallery information; sketches; photocopies; photocopies of photographs. Boîte: 175, 194.
 

Materials relating to unidentified exhibitions, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photographs and photocopies. Boîte: 57, 164O, 188.
box 59, folder 25

Photocopies

box 117, folder 2

Color photographs

 

Series V. Studies and visualizations for architectural and planning projects, 1958-2006

Physical Description: 20.8 Linear Feet (35 boxes, 9 flatfiles, 1 boxed roll)

Scope and Content Note

Friedman, especially in the last two decades, is perhaps best known for his eye-catching visualizations of his theoretical approaches to architecture and planning. Series V comprises studies, drawings and other primarily visual documentation of Friedman's projects. Notes, diagrams, original sketches and drawings, architectural plans, production stages of collages and photomontages, photographs of maquettes, as well as numerous photocopies of all these formats, some with further elaboration, form the series. The projects range from Friedman's early working out of the general principles of mobile architecture and the spatial city in the 1950s to work as recent as his 2005 design of a spatial city for Venice. Large full-color renderings of projects and Friedman's actual maquettes are not included in the archive.
Given Friedman's practice of revisiting and reviving projects throughout his career, the dating of the material in this series is problematic. For individual projects, the date given in parentheses represents an intellectual date for the project, or at least its first iteration. The actual images in the archive however are mostly undated and may be substantially later than the project date in some instances. When images are dated on the piece, that date will follow the project date.

Arrangement

The series is arranged in three sections. The materials in the underlying principles section represent the theoretical principles being developed by Friedman. The next section, individual projects, represents the application of these principles to specific problems, arranged in chronological order by project date. A final section of photocopied image compilations completes the series.
Friedman's original associative arrangement can be traced by the "boîte" numbers in each entry. A search using the "find" command with one of those entries will retrieve the other materials originally housed in the same folder or box (see Arrangement and Processing History notes above).
 

Underlying principles, 1958- 2000, undated

 

La ville spatiale, 1958-2000, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes studies and visualizations for various schemes and variants. Includes montages using photographs of Rudofsky and Robert Doisneau and versions such as "Kaleidoscope," "Polyphonic," "Panorama," "à la Klee" and "avec cadres." Also includes vintage postcards, photographs and other collage and photomontage materials. Drawings on paper and trace; collages; photomontages; photocopies of drawings, collages and photomontages, some with elaboration; photographs of maquettes, and photocopies; drawings made from maquettes. Boîte: 1G, 1I, 1K, 10A.6, 12, 14C, 28B, 28C, 28D.2, 28E, 28M, 28T, 42H, 52F, 55, 56, 56.1K, 56.2F, 56.2J, 56.2K, 57, 76K, 77C, 78E, 78F, 78G, 86A, 86C, 89J, 91.2, 92.1, 95.1, 99.2, 99.3, 109, 119B, 119C, 119G, 123T, 123V.1, 125L, 125N, 127B, 127L, 127T, 127X, 128, 130F, 130G, 131I, 140D, 153.5, 157H, 158D, 158F, 158P, 158.4, 158.7, 159C.2, 159F, 159J, 160F.1, 160F.3, 160I, 160O.1, 160P, 161N, 161O, 162B.2, 162B.4, 162K, 163A, 163B, 163C, 163D, 163E, 163F, 163U, 163V, 164G, 164I, 164J, 164AA, 165K, 165R, 167CC, 169JJ, 170K, 170L, 170M, 170W, 174, VilleSpatiale1958, unnumbered.
box 72-72A

Papers

box 73

Black-and-white photographs of maquettes

Scope and Content Note

Includes photographs by Paul Almasy, as well photocopies of photographs of maquettes.
box 123

Color photographs, slides and negatives of maquettes

box 136*, folder 4

Oversize photocopy of photomontage

 

Space-chains, 1959-1990, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies, some elaborated; collages; photographs and slides of various maquettes, including "ville-pont" and "grande coupole;" photographs and slides of Lichtenfels (RFA); photocopies of photographs. Boîte: 1M, 24D, 28W0, 40.2, 42J, 56, 56.1K, 57, 66, 69D, 83, 95.1, 95.2, 99.2, 99.3, 128, 129, 159T.
box 71, folder 1-6

Papers and black-and-white photographs

box 124-126

Color photographs, slides and negatives

box 71A, folder 1

Space-frames, 1963-1968, undated

Scope and Content Note

Black-and-white photographs of maquettes, and example in Halle. Boîte: 128, unnumbered.
box 71A, folder 2-3

Infrastructure and infill, 1959-1964, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes studies and visualizations for various schemes and variants, including "irrégulières," "frisées," "pilons des arbres," "concentrique," "suspendu," "sphérique." Drawings, collages and photocopies, some elaborated; photocopies of collages; photographs of maquettes. Boîte: 26A.3, 26B.3, 85A, 85C, 89A, 89C, 89D, 159R, 160T, 162B.1, 162F, 163I, 164H, 164M, AncienOrig 2.
box 71A, folder 4

Villes-ponts, circa early 1960s, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of photomontages with maquette; photographs of maquette. Also sketches and brief text relating to Saltholm ville-pont. Boîte 18C, 18J, 89E, 92.1.
box 71A, folder 5

Early technical studies, 1959-1966, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes work on tangential joints. Drawings and sketches on trace and paper; notes. Boîte: 10B.5, 18G.
box 71A, folder 6

Network studies, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes various studies including "reseau en 3 niveaux" and "reseau tridimensionelle." Photocopies of drawings, one colored. Boite: 123X.1, 158H, 158J.
 

Individual projects, 1958-2006, undated

 

Cylindrical shelters / Abris cylindriques (1953/1958), 1958, undated

Scope and Content Note

Materials relating to the 1958 development of the concept with Jean-Pierre Pecquet, including various prospectus booklets describing the concept and materials; drawings with photocopies, some elaborated; reprographic prints; black-and-white photographs of prototype; article offprints. Boîte: 10A.1, 17F, 19F, 92.1, 112, 113, 169K, VilleSpatiale1958, AncienOrig2, unnumbered.
box 60, folder 1-2

Papers and black-and-white photographs

box 135*, folder 1

Oversize materials

 

Trihedric system / Système triédrique (1955), 1958-1959, undated

Scope and Content Note

Notes, black-and-white photographs of model, photocopy of text and drawings; drawings and sketches on trace and paper, and copies; notes; text on Abidjan project; collages; supplier statements; agreement with Ketoff. Some prints list Haifa on the block and may therefore be earlier. Boîte: 17F, 153.4, VilleSpatiale1958, unnumbered.
box 60, folder 3-3A

Papers

Flatfile 8**-9**

Oversize prints

 

Curved panel / Maison Arabie (1956), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings and photocopies; technical drawings and photocopies; photographs and slides of maquette and photocopies. Boîte: 8A, 17E, 17.10, 19, 19F.1, 55, 95.1, 141.
box 60, folder 9

Papers and black-and-white photographs

box 118, folder 1

Color slides

box 136*, folder 1

Copies of architectural drawings

 

Span-over blocks / Blocs à l'enjambée (1957-1958), 1958-1959, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings, charts, graph, brief text; photographic negative of span-over block model, further elements drawn on negative; materials relating to project with Pecquet and Ketoff, including drawings and sketches, notes, structural, materials and patent documentation and correspondence. Boîte: 10A.3, VilleSpatiale1958.
box 60, folder 4-4A

Papers

box 118, folder 2

Negative

box 136*, folder 5

Oversize prints

 

Early images relating to l'architecture mobile, circa 1957-1962

Scope and Content Note

Copies of drawings. Boîte: 17.7, 17.12, 17B, 17E, VilleSpatiale1958, unnumbered.
box 60, folder 11

Papers

Flatfile 10**

Oversize print

 

Sahara cabins / Cabines-Sahara (1958), 1958, undated

Scope and Content Note

With Jean-Pierre Pecquet. Includes prospectus and documentation; prints of architectural drawings. Boîte: 19G, unnumbered.
box 60, folder 5

Papers

flatfile 5**

Oversize material

 

Stacked concrete boxes / Cellules de béton superposées ("Bétonbloc") (1958), 1958, undated

Scope and Content Note

With Jean-Pierre Pecquet. Includes specifications and prints of architectural drawings. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 60, folder 6

Papers

Flatfile 6**- 6A**

Oversize material

 

Paris spatial / Spatial Paris (1959-), 1970-1995, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes North-South axis project, network and circulation studies and various Paris locations including Boulevard Garibaldi, St. Médard, rue des Volontaires. Notes; diagrams; drawings on paper and trace; collages and photocopies, some elaborated; photographs and negatives; transparencies; prints and photostats; photomontages and photocopies; postcards and photographs used as image sources. Also includes related research, such as the Chesterton map of Paris. Boîte: 1J, 1O, 1P, 1R, 10A.2, 10B.4, 10B.16, 17.15, 18C, 18I, 27D, 28V, 75K, 89F, 128, 158E, 158.5, 159C1, 162B, 162C, 163J, 164A, 164D, 165I, 193, unnumbered.
box 60A, folder 1-7

Papers and black-and-white photographs

box 118, folder 3

Color photographs and negatives

box 60, folder 10

Monaco (1959-1987), 1975, undated

Scope and Content Note

Brief text proposals; drawing on trace; photocopy of drawings and photomontages; source images for photomontages. Boîte: 18D, 19E, 24A.3, unnumbered.
box 60, folder 8

Urban agriculture (1959), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 131F.
box 60, folder 7

African projects / Projets africains (1959), 1960, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace; brief typescript text; photographs; copies of drawings and diagrams; photocopies of drawings, some elaborated. Boîte: 10A.5, 17G, 17.12, 20, 161, 169K.
box 61, folder 1

Bridge-town over the English Channel/ Le pont sur la Manche (1963), 1963, undated

Scope and Content Note

Sketches; drawings on paper and trace; brief text, with photocopies; prints of drawings and text; photostats and photocopies; photocopy of photograph of model; photograph of drawing. Boîte: 10B.16; 17.1, 17.2, 24.A.3, 99.3, 171.
box 61, folder 2

Seven bridge-towns to link four continents / Sept villes-ponts reliant les quatre continents (1963), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawing on transparency; text and drawing for "manual;" notes; print; illegible correspondence on thermofax paper. Boîte: 128, 170.
box 61, folder 3

Thames Center, London / Centre-pont pour Londres (1963), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawing, sketches, prints and photocopies. Boîte: 1N, 1O, 17B, 24A.3, 128.
box 61, folder 4

African bridge-town / Ville-pont africaine (circa 1963), undated

Scope and Content Note

Copies of drawings. Boîte: 24A.3, 128.
 

American projects: New York, Los Angeles / Projets américains (1964), 1966, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings and copies; copies of photographs and photomontages; photograph of photomontage; newspaper clippings; planning brochure and newsletter. Boîte: 10B.9, 18C, 99.2, 99.3, unnumbered.
box 61, folder 5-6

Papers

box 137*, folder 2

Newspaper clipping

box 61, folder 7

Railway stations / Gares (1964), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawing on trace. Boîte: 112C.
 

Gare Saint-Lazare (1964), undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and typescript of short text; drawings on paper and trace with copies, some with elaboration; photographs; photomontage. Boîte: 10B.13, 18C, 26D.3, 167DD, unnumbered.
box 61, folder 8-9

Papers

flatfile 7**

Oversize material

box 61, folder 13

Theory of comprehensible systems (circa 1964), undated

Scope and Content Note

Prints and photographs of drawings used by Friedman to illustrate the theory in multiple publications. Boîte: 128.
box 61, folder 14

4 rue de Staël, Paris (circa 1964-1966), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace. Boîte: 18C.
box 61, folder 15

A Home / Un domicile (circa 1967), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 131C.
box 61, folder 10

Venice (1969), undated

Scope and Content Note

Copies of drawings. Boîte: 25A.
box 61, folder 11

Umbrella for Les Halles, Paris / Parapluie pour Les Halles, Paris (1969, 2004), 2004, undated

Scope and Content Note

Text and drawings on trace; photocopies of drawings; ephemera. Boîte: 43A.1, 131B, 194.
box 61, folder 12

Variations on a facade with no structure / Variations de façade sans structure (1970), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings, some colored and collaged. Boîte: 1C.
box 61, folder 18

Stations + metro / Gares + métro (1970), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of photomontages. Boîte: 143.1.
box 61, folder 16

Flatwriter (circa 1970), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace. Boîte: 18E.
box 61, folder 17

Bombay air rights business centers (circa early 1970s), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace; maps. Boîte: unnumbered.
 

Administrative Center of the CDC Dubonnet Byrrh firm, Ivry / Centre administratif de la compagnie CDC Dubonnet Byrrh, Ivry (1974), 1974-1975

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace, with photocopies, some colored; planning documentation; photocopy of photomontage. Boîte: 28P, 28Q, 87I, 142, 164N.
box 62, folder 1

Papers

box 135*, folder 2

Oversize materials

box 149**

Prints of architectural drawings

box 118, folder 4

Pictograms (1974), undated

Scope and Content Note

Color photographs of large panels in Friedman's apartment. Boîte: 56, 66.
 

Art in the street / Art dans la rue (1975), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings and photomontages; photographs of photomontages. Also photocopies of drawings of decorated facades. Boîte: 56.2D, 57, 141, 143.1.
box 62, folder 2

Papers

box 118, folder 5

Color photographs

 

Caracas, Venezuela (1975) 1975, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace; letter to Diego Arria proposing ideas for Caracas. Boîte: 95.1, 112, 112B, 112E, 113.
box 62, folder 3

Papers

box 135*, folder 3

Oversize drawings

 

Lycée David d'Angers (1978), 1977-1981, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes typescripts and/or photocopies of short texts: "Nouveau Lycée David d'Angers, à Angers, Mémoire de présentation," "Lycée David d'Angers, à Angers, Note descriptive de la décoration," "Explanatory Note about the Processus of 'Self-Planning' Implemented for the Design of the Lycée 'David d'Angers'" "L'autoplanification dans l'école;" drawings on trace and paper, with photocopies; materials relating to autoplanification process, including correspondence with planning équipe, potential variations, governmental reports and documentation; collages, one with painted decoration; photographs of school. Boîte: 57, 66, 95.2, 131G, 138D, 143, 153.2, 153.9, unnumbered.
box 62, folder 4-7

Papers

box 135*, folder 4

Oversize material

box 118, folder 6

Color photographs and negatives

box 63, folder 1-2

Green architecture / Architecture verte (1979), 1978-1979, undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript and photocopies of brief text; drawings and photocopies, some colored. Includes later Hudson River Marina and Pont vert. Boîte: 5K, 28N, 28P, 75N, 77A, 78D, 78F, 141, 143.7, unnumbered.
box 62, folder 8

Construction sur la mer (1970s), undated

Scope and Content Note

Also tour idéogramme(?). Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 28A, 86F.
box 63, folder 3

Self-help housing in Belapur, India / Logements en auto-construction à Belapur, Inde (1980), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings of variant design. Boîte: 137I, 143.7.
box 63, folder 11

Pavillon comprenant 36 dodécaèdres (1982), 1982, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 5L.
 

Extension to the Bronx Museum, New York (1986), 1987, 2001, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photographs of maquette and photocopies; drawings and photocopies; photocopy of brief descriptive text; photographs of urban blight. Boîte: 52A, 52E, 56, 56.2H, 56.2N, 57, 75G, 129.
box 63, folder 4

Papers

box 119, folder 1

Color photographs, slides and negatives

 

Dome projects / Projets de dôme (Coupoles) (circa 1986), 1985-2001, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies, some with elaboration; collages; photocopies of photomontages/collages; photographs of drawings and maquettes, with photocopies. Boîte: 5E, 28W, 46G, 52B, 52C, 52G, 55, 57, 61, 61F, 68A, 68B, 68C, 69A, 75F, 75G, 75L, 76J, 78C, 86KK, 95.3, 103, 129.
box 64, folder 1-7

Papers

box 119, folder 2

Color photographs, slides, negatives

box 136*, folder 2

Oversize photocopies of drawings

box 63, folder 12

Flocon de neige (circa 1986), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings and photocopies. Boîte: 35.1, 52H.
box 63, folder 5

Museum without doors / Musée sans portes (1987), undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts of brief description of project; photocopies of drawing; photocopies of photographs of maquette. Boîte: 5H, 42G.
 

Green church / Église verte (1988) 1981, undated

Scope and Content Note

Project description; photocopies of drawings; photocopies of photographs of montage; color photomontages; negatives. Boîte: 8A, 141.
box 63, folder 8

Papers

box 121, folder 1

Photomontages and negatives

 

Museum walkway / Passerelle de musée (circa 1988), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace and paper, with photocopies; brief text; color photographs of Seine, used for photomontages; photocopies of photomontages and collages; color photographs of maquette and photocopies; negatives for photographs. Boîte: 78A, 78B, 78J, 78K, 78L, 78M, 78N, 78O, 78P, 78R, 78S.
box 63, folder 6-7

Papers

box 120, folder 2

Color photographs and negatives

box 63, folder 9

Project for the Bicentenary of the Revolution / Projet pour le Bicentenaire de la Révolution (1989), undated

Scope and Content Note

Brief text, photocopies of drawings and photomontages, some with elaboration. Boîte: 32E.
box 63, folder 10

New York "tridimensionnelle" / "tissée" (circa 1989), undated

Scope and Content Note

Collage; photocopies of drawings and photomontages. Boîte: 71E, 123R.
box 63, folder 13

Structures aux fuseaux / Structure fluide (circa 1989), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawing; photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 32C, 86D.
 

Administrative Center for the European Union, Strasbourg / Centre administratif pour l'Union Européenne (Ville-pont Rhine) (1990), 1991, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies; photocopies of photomontages/collages; typescript of brief description; photographs of maquette, with photocopies. Boîte: 1Z, 1ZO, 4A, 4B, 4K, 4L, 8H, 8I, 56, 56.1.C, 66, 85, 85E, 85K, 85L, 86H, 86I, 160F.2, 160O.4.
box 65, folder 1-4

Papers and black-and-white photographs of maquette

box 120, folder 1

Color photographs

box 65, folder 5

Hill of faith / La colline de la foi (1990), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings; photocopies of photomontages. Boîte: 85F, 85G, 85H.
box 65, folder 6

Church / Église (Cathédral, at La Defense) (1990), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies; photocopies of collages. Boîte: 1E, 1S, 1SO, 1ZO, 86G.
box 65, folder 7

Teatro Piranesi / Le théatre Piranesi (1990), 1992, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings with photocopies, some with elaboration; photocopies of collages/photomontage. Boîte: 1L, 28L, 86E, 118C.
 

Spiral Tower / La tour en helix (1990), 1995, undated

Scope and Content Note

Sketches and notes, with photocopies; color photographs of maquette, with photocopies. Boîte: 168A, unnumbered.
box 65, folder 17

Papers

box 121, folder 2

Color photographs

 

Préau, École maternelle Rico Carpaye, Le Port, Réunion (1990), 1990, undated

Scope and Content Note

Notes and drawings with photocopies; material sample; prints of architectural drawings. Boîte: 42F, 69D, 69F.
box 65, folder 12

Papers

Flatfile 11**

Prints of architectural drawings

 

Museum of Modern Art (circa 1990), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on paper and trace; photocopies of photomontages; handwritten brief text and photocopy; color photographs. Boîte: 167H, 167J.
box 65, folder 8

Papers

box 121, folder 3

Color photographs

 

Europa Gate, Berlin (1990), 1990, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawing on trace with photocopies; brief text; photographs. Boîte: 35B, 56, 66.
box 65, folder 9

Papers

box 121, folder 4

Color photographs

box 63, folder 14

Retrospective pour l'avenir (Crédit Foncier) (circa 1990), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawing; photomontage. Boîte: 35C.
box 65, folder 15

The Train / Le train (circa 1990), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings and photocopies, some colored; brief descriptive text. Boîte: 194, 196.
 

Lamellar structures / Structures lamellaires (circa 1990), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings with photocopies; photographs of maquettes with photocopies. Boîte: 170EE.
box 65, folder 16

Papers

box 121, folder 8

Color photographs

 

Chairs with rings / Chaises à anneaux (1991), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings; photographs of models, with photocopies. Boîte: 1U, 123E, unnumbered.
box 65, folder 10

Papers

box 121, folder 5

Color photographs

 

Macaroni (1992), undated

Scope and Content Note

Material for versions of project, including drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies, some elaborated; photographs of maquette and photocopies; photomontages; photocopies of collages. Boîte: 57, 165N, 168E, 169D, 169E, 170F, 172.
box 65, folder 11

Papers

box 121, folder 6

Color photographs and photomontages

 

Protein structures / Structures protéiniques (1992), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings and photographs of maquettes. Boîte: 118G, 118L, 130L.
box 65, folder 13

Papers

box 121, folder 7

Color photographs

 

Crumpled sheets / Feuilles froissées (1992-1996), 1988-2001, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes studies for general concept and applications to specific settings, such as crumpled roofs over public spaces, roof over Haram es-Sharif, Heaven's Gate and Nagoya crumpled sheets gate. Materials include brief text; notes; sample crumpled sheets of paper; photocopies of photographs of crumpled sheets of paper; drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies, some with elaboration; photographs of maquettes and photocopies; photomontages and photocopies; collages and photocopies; photographic copies and photocopies of source photographs; research material. Boîte: 35D, 35F, 52A, 52J, 55, 89A, 89C, 118D, 118K, 125P, 125V, 125W, 125Z, 127C, 127Z, 130D, 130M, 158.1, 158.3, 158A, 158C, 158I, 158J, 162B.2, 164E, 165L, 169C, 169G, 170BB, 173, 196, 198D.
box 66, folder 1-6

Papers

box 121, folder 10

Color photographs, slides and photomontages

 

2 walls + 1 roof / 2 murs + 1 toit (Les sans-abris) (1992), 1991-1993, undated

Scope and Content Note

Project for housing the homeless in Marseilles, with Eda Schauer, concept extended to competition entry for Boston (above Box 46). Multiple versions and variants. Materials include drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies, some elaborated; collages and photocopies; sketches and notes; zoning/project guidelines; photographs of maquettes and photocopies; photocopy of clipping; photocopies of drawings for Mattias Rant in Vienna; packets with text "Étude de realisation d'un immeuble de logements avec autoconstruction partielle par les futurs occupants," "Les vivants plus importants que les morts!" "Logements pour les sans-abris." Boîte: 74A, 74G, 75B, 75H, 75I, 75J, 75M, 75N, 80F, 80G, 80H, 80J, 80K, 80L, 80M, 81, 82, 85B, 85M, 86B, 86L, 118E, 123C, 123D, 123L, 157F, 157L, 157M, 157V, 159L.
box 67-68

Papers

box 135*, folder 5

Oversize material

box 122, folder 1

Color photographs and negatives

 

Lasagna (early 1990s), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on paper and trace with photocopies; photocopies of photomontages; photographs of maquettes. Boîte: 169C, 169M, 169N, 169AA, 169LL, 172.
box 69, folder 1

Papers

box 121, folder 9

Color photographs

box 65, folder 14

Church (Leonberg) (early 1990s), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 75E.
box 69, folder 5

Minneapolis ville spatiale (circa 1994), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of photomontage. Boîte: 125B.
box 69, folder 6

Nagoya Tower (circa 1994), undated

Scope and Content Note

Brief text with drawing; photocopies of drawings and photomontages. Boîte: 125EE.
 

Amorphous architecture / Architecture amorphe (1994), 1993-1998

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies, some with elaboration; notes; page of text and images in "manual" style; photomontages; photographs of maquettes. Boîte: 87G, 130EE, 164V, 164X, 169C, 169H.
box 69, folder 2

Papers

box 122, folder 2

Photomontages and color photographs

box 70, folder 9

Baustein Kasten für Gestaltung, 1995

Scope and Content Note

Sketches, photocopies of photographs and drawings of blocks. Boîte: 157O.
box 69, folder 7

Air-rights buildings (circa 1995), undated

Scope and Content Note

Notes, sketches, photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 160P.
box 69, folder 3-4

Tall building aesthetics / Esthétique des bâtiments élevés (1997), 1997, undated

Scope and Content Note

Visualizations deriving from Friedman's 1997 conference paper (see Box 17), including anthropomorphic skyscrapers, serpentine skyscrapers, les tours des fées, tower with crumpled sheets and "New Granada." Materials include drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies, some with elaboration; collages; photocopies of photomontages; photocopies of source photographs. Boîte: 160J, 160K, 160L, 161F, 161J, 161K, 161L, 161M, 164U.
box 69, folder 8

Rotterdam ville spatiale (circa 1998-1999), undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of photomontage. Boîte: 164AA.
 

Museum of the XXIst century / Musée du XXI siècle (1999), 1995-2000, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes drafts of handwritten text and photocopies; drawings on paper and trace with photocopies; notes and sketches; photocopies of photomontages and negatives of photographs used; "maquette" of article for Le carré bleu and photocopies. Boîte: 168H, 168I, 168J, 168K, 169HH, 174, unnumbered.
box 69, folder 9

Papers

box 137*, folder 3

Oversize material

box 122, folder 3

Color photographs and negatives

box 136*, folder 3

Aerial photographs

 

Musée ambulant de l'art contemporaine, Bruxelles (2000), 1998-2004, undated

Scope and Content Note

Brief text; proposal; correspondence; drawings, collages and photomontages, with photocopies, some elaborated; Brussels arts ephemera. Boîte: 163M, 194.
box 69, folder 10

Papers

box 135*, folder 6

Oversize materials

Flatfile 12**

Poster

box 69, folder 11

Golden Gate Bridge montage (circa 2000), undated

Scope and Content Note

Color printouts and photocopies. Boîte: 167N.
box 69, folder 12

Irregular tensegrity (2000-2005), undated

Scope and Content Note

Notes; sketches and drawings, with photocopies. Boîte: 159S.
 

Mosquito net / Moustiquaire (2001), undated

Scope and Content Note

Production materials; collages; photocopies of collages. Boîte: 173.
box 69, folder 13

Papers

box 135*, folder 8

Oversize material

box 122, folder 4

Color photograph

 

Berlin (2003), 2003-2004

Scope and Content Note

Includes drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies, many elaborated; photomontages and collages, with photocopies; photographs; research materials; materials relating to publication of Berlin project as Point d'ironie , no. 35 (2004); newspaper article. Boîte: 175.
box 69A, folder 1-2

Papers

box 122, folder 5

Color photographs and photomontages

box 135*, folder 7

Oversize materials

box 70, folder 1

Venezia nuova, Venice (2005), undated

Scope and Content Note

Collages and photocopies. Boîte: 173.
 

Merz structures (circa 2006), 2002, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on paper and trace, with photocopies; collages and photomontages; source photographic material and photocopies; photographs. Includes "Maison des cartes," "Le plein et le vide," Merzpavillons. Boîte: 170DD, 172, 173, 194, 196, unnumbered.
box 70, folder 2

Papers

box 122, folder 6

Color photographs

box 70, folder 3

Maison à Roquebrune(?) pour Annie Negro (Annie Charvein), undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace. Boîte: 143.6.
box 70, folder 4

Musée d'Art Moderne de Rio de Janeiro, proposed reconstruction, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings on trace. Boîte: 143.6.
box 70, folder 5

New Flatwriter, undated

Scope and Content Note

Brief handwritten text; photocopy of publication on earlier flatwriter; drawings. Boîte: 170B, 170D.
box 70, folder 6

Courtyard Complex Caracalla, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings, some colored, with photocopies. Boîte: 172.
box 70, folder 7

Laocoon, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 172.
box 70, folder 8

Amsterdam spatial, undated

Scope and Content Note

Montage and photocopies. Boîte: 173.
box 70, folder 10

Hyperboloide, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 85R.
 

Compilations of visualizations, 1995, undated

box 75-76

"Original générales," 1995

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings, collages, photographs and photomontages. Boîte: OG1, 2, 3.
box 74, folder 1-4

Visualization compilation including photographs, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings, collages, photographs and photomontages. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 74, folder 5-6

Visualization compilation with list of drawings, undated

Scope and Content Note

Sets of photocopies of drawings, collages, photographs and photomontages, with "list of drawings." Boîte: 46F, 105.1D.
box 77, folder 1

Visualization compilation, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings, collages, and photomontages. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 77, folder 2

Scans of slides, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of scans of slides showing maquettes, drawings, collages and photomontages, exhibitions. Boîte: unnumbered.
 

Photograph compilations, undated

Scope and Content Note

Sets of photographs. Boîte: 56, 57, 66, 129.
box 77, folder 4

Black-and-white prints

box 77, folder 3

Contact sheets and strips

box 127, folder 1

Color prints, slides and negatives

box 127, folder 2

Negative rolls with mixed projects

 

Series VI. Professional organizations, 1956-1997, undated

Physical Description: 7.9 Linear Feet (15 boxes, 1 flatfile, 1 boxed roll)

Scope and Content Note

Documentation of Friedman's association with various organizations comprises Series VI. Throughout Friedman's career, there has been a tension between wanting to operate within a larger professional context and his radical individuality. Friedman had limited involvement with large established groups such as CIAM or those in which he was not the main instigator, such as GIAP, which he described as "banal." Instead Friedman operated most comfortably in groups of his own creation. These organizations might be fairly large and international, like GEAM, or basically only himself with a collaborator, such as CCSK. The documentation of Friedman's involvement with these last two groups is of particular interest, as each typifies a phase in his career. Included in this documentation are numerous drafts of position statements, correspondence, offprints and photocopies of collaborators work, and financial documents.

Arrangement

The series is arranged by organization in roughly chronological order. Friedman's original associative arrangement can be traced by the "boîte" numbers in each entry. A search using the "find" command with one of those entries will retrieve the other materials originally housed in the same folder or box (see Arrangement and Processing History notes above).
box 78, folder 1

Congrès internationaux d'architecture moderne (CIAM), 1956-1957

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts of slogan summary and complement to Friedman's personal statement at Dubrovnik meeting; documents relating to reorganization, including copies of various documents with Friedman's notes, copies of letters to Bakema from Friedman and from other CIAM members. Boîte: 17.10, 19B, GEAM1961, unnumbered.
 

Groupe d'Études d'Architecture Mobile (GEAM), 1958-1994, undated

box 78, folder 2

Documentation, 1959-1963, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence; program statements; communications with members; meeting agendas, summaries and lists of attendees, in originals and photocopies; photographs. Boîte: 17.4, 17.10, 19H, 93.2, GEAM1961, AncienOrig2, unnumbered.
 

Contributions of invitees to GEAM meetings, 1958-1959

Scope and Content Note

Includes offprints, typescripts and journal fascicles documenting the work of Masato Ohtaka and Keiichi Okumura, Camille Frieden, Frei Otto, Z.S. Makowski, Roland Frey and Hermann Schröder, Walter Ruhnau. Also text of lecture by Frieden. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 78, folder 3-4

Standard

box 138*, folder 1

Oversize

Flatfile 13**

Prints of plans by Camille Frieden

 

Exhibitions, 1961-1962

Scope and Content Note

Materials relating to preparation of 1961 traveling exhibition, initial venues, venues added in 1962 and exhibit and conference at Knoll International in Amsterdam. Includes correspondence; participants' biographies and descriptive text and photographs of their contributions; exhibition ephemera; press coverage and plans for Knoll exhibit. Boîte: 17.7, GEAM1961, unnumbered.
box 78, folder 5-8

Standard

box 138*, folder 2-4

Oversize

box 150**

Prints of architectural drawings from Knoll exhibition

box 78, folder 9-11

Miscellaneous GEAM material, 1961-1994, undated

Scope and Content Note

Miscellaneous and unidentified material related to GEAM, includes drafts and typescripts, of work by Friedman and others associated with the group, drawings, photographs, and clipping. Also includes recent accounts by Friedman of the history of GEAM in a letter to Edith Aujame and a dossier rebutting claims by David Georges Emmerich. Boîte: 20, 89L, 157N, GEAM1961, unnumbered.
 

Groupe internationale d'architecture prospective (GIAP), 1964-1965

box 79, folder 3

Manifesto, 1965

Scope and Content Note

Corrected drafts of manifesto: April draft lists Friedman, Paul Maymont, Georges Patrix, Michel Ragon and Nicolas Schoffer as signatories; May version adds Walter Jonas and Ionel Schein. Boîte: 92.1.
 

16 villes/12 villes prospectives, 1964-1965

Scope and Content Note

Materials related to the planning and the catalog of the exhibition featuring contributions from Biro & Fernier, Friedman, Ludwig Hilberseimer, Walter Jonas, Noriaki Kurokawa, Reginald Malcolmson, Paul Maymont, Walter Ruhnau, Nicolas Schöffer, Eckhard Schultze-Fielitz, Pierre Szēkely, and Kenzo Tange at Neuilly, July 1965; includes copy of catalog, planning documentation. Texts, copies of images, photographic prints and negatives record the work of participants. Originally conceived as variations on the title of "16 villes" intended for the Musée des artes modernes in September 1965. Boîte: 93.1.
box 79, folder 1-2

Papers and photographic prints

box 128, folder 1

Negatives

box 138*, folder 5

Oversize

box 79, folder 4

Société Civile de l'Autoplanification, 1973-1974

Scope and Content Note

Research program and financial documentation. Boîte: 142, AncienOrig.
box 79, folder 5

Settlement for People International Research Group, circa 1974-1975

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten draft and photocopies of typescript of proposal outlines goals, means of achieving them and members; possibly linked to UNEP. Boîte: 142.
 

Communication Centre of Scientific Knowledge for Self-Reliance (CCSK), 1980-1997, undated

box 88, folder 1-3

Precursors and earliest stages, 1980-1982

Scope and Content Note

Includes typescripts and photocopies of proposals leading up to the creation of the CCSK and its earliest stages; includes relevant correspondance, as well as materials from 1982 World Bank seminar. Boîte: 141.1, 141.2
box 84, folder 1-2A

Annual activity reports, program descriptions and budgets, 1984-1992

Scope and Content Note

Boîte: 11, 15, 40.2, 48.1D, 50, 51, 95.1, 100, 102B, UN3.
 

Correspondence, 1984-1991, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence with various United Nations programs and non-governmental organisations, various publishers and distributors for the manuals and packages, appeals to foundations and other funding sources. Included in the correspondence is information about the manuals, the Museum of Simple Technology, and other projects. Boîte: 11, 15, 35.2, 40, 48.1D, 50, 95.1, 97, 99, 100, 110, 110.2, UN1-3, unnumbered.
box 80, folder 1

1984

box 80, folder 2-13

1985

box 81, folder 1-13

1986

box 82, folder 1-13

1987

box 83, folder 1-11

1988

box 83, folder 12

1991

box 83, folder 13

undated

 

Informational and promotional material about the CCSK and its projects, 1983-1988, undated

Scope and Content Note

Production materials and final versions with photocopies of works in "manual," text and poster form documenting the work of the CCSK. Includes "Centre de communication des connaissances scientifiques pour l'autodeveloppement;" "The Four Facets of the Communication Centre;" "Some Facts about the Communication Centre;" "The Role of the Communication Centre of Scientific Knowledge for Self-Reliance;" "Why a Communication Centre?;" "Sortir de la crise par la petite porte;" "We do Receive Letters;" "Comment aider les defavorises du tiers monde avec une depense d'un centime par famille;" "How the Manuals Are Used;" "Lao Tse Told;" "An Implementable Communication Policy for Reducing Intergroup Conflicts;" "Appropriate Information: Why? What? How?;" "Transfer of Scientific Knowledge at the Local Level;" "What is the Activity of the United Nations University?;" Also includes sections of manuals often used for CCSK promotional purposes. Boîte: 11, 14B, 15, 35.1, 40.2, 47D, 48.1D, 48.2C, 50, 51, 61B, 95.1, 97, 100, 100.1, 100.3, 102B, 103, 106, 109, 110, 141.1, UN3, unnumbered.
For published versions of above see Series I.
box 86-87

General

box 128, folder 2

Color photographs and slides

box 138*, folder 6

Oversize material

 

Press coverage, 1981-circa 1990

Scope and Content Note

Clippings and photocopies of newspaper and magazine articles, includes pressbook. Boîte: 38, 40.2, 47F, 47K, 50, 97, 100.1, unnumbered.
box 89, folder 4-5

General

box 138*, folder 7

Oversize

 

Projects, 1984-1997, undated

box 84, folder 3-4A

Workshop on communication of knowledge for underprivileged groups, Madras, 1-3 August 1985, 1984-1985

Scope and Content Note

Materials related to the workshop and its planning, including lists of participants, budget items, summaries and press reports on the work of the CCSK, report on the conference. Boîte: 51, 97, UN3.
box 85, folder 1-9

Manual packages and catalogs, 1985-1988, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes lists and catalogs of manuals compiled by year and by topic; set of topical compilations: "The House," "Food," "Land," "Social Factors," Water," "Environment," "L'aménagement du temps." Also includes materials returned by Pergamon Press with letter declining to publish the manuals. Boîte: 15, 35.2, 40.2, 47E, 48.1A, 48.1D, 48.2D, 48.2F, 50, 95.1, 106, unnumbered.
 

Popular Encyclopedia of Survival, 1987, undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts, paste-ups, photocopies; also includes slightly later version focused on Africa. Includes copies of letters received, drafts of undated letters, as well as UNESCO documentation with highlighted passages. Boîte: 14B, 15.3, 40.2, 42B, 48.1D, 48.2B, 48.2I, 51, 59, unnumbered.
box 89, folder 1-3

Papers

box 138*, folder 8

Oversize material

box 84, folder 5

University of Life Support Sciences, 1986

Scope and Content Note

Notes, typescripts and photocopies of proposal. Boîte: 50.
box 84, folder 6

Museum of Simple Technology Network, circa 1987-1988

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of project proposal. Boîte: 48.2I, 51, unnumbered.
box 84, folder 7

Tall Buildings with Local Technology, 1985

Scope and Content Note

Materials related to Friedman and Schaur's participation and committee work. Boîte: 50, UN.
box 84, folder 8

Training Seminar in Lome, 1985

Scope and Content Note

Photocopy of handwritten draft and typescript of proposal, budget notes. Boîte: 95.2, UN, UN3.
box 90, folder 1-2

Construction of prototype housing structures with low cost roof in India, circa 1995-1997

Scope and Content Note

B. Khan's project implementing Friedman's theories and manuals with CCSK in advisory (?) role. Project proposal, contracts, relevant CCSK material, drawings, notes. Boîte: 158G, 159M, 159N, 161D.
box 90, folder 3

Aga Khan Award of Popular Architecture, undated

Scope and Content Note

Proposal for special Aga Khan award, in conjunction with UNESCO and UNU; text and sketches with photocopies. Boîte: 111.
box 88, folder 4-8

Miscellaneous papers, 1985-1986, undated

Scope and Content Note

Various materials including United Nations University calendars and newsletters, information on funding agencies, CCSK letterhead, testimonials, examples of manual materials, clippings. Boîte: 11, 15.3, 40.2, 47B, 47J, 48.1D, 49, 50, 51, 99, 100, 158.7, 172, UN3.
 

Series VII. Artworks, 1960-2003, undated

Physical Description: 2.9 Linear Feet (8 boxes, 1 flatflie)

Scope and Content Note

Throughout his life, Yona Friedman has produced artworks outside the scope of his architectural visualizations. Series VII consists of production materials, documentation, and in a few instances finished pieces, of Friedman's work in a variety of media, including film, drawing, collage, photomontage, and even mail art. For a period in the 1960s Friedman focused heavily on film and animation, and materials relating to this work ranging from scenarios and shot lists to the images of the animation frames form a substantial portion of this series. Friedman's larger drawings and photomontage creations, such as Truths or unicorns, are represented in the archive by production materials, working versions, and photocopies of the finished pieces. Of special interest are examples of more intimate work intended for family and friends. Yet, Friedman's greatest artwork may be his apartment on the Boulevard Garibaldi, where he has lived since 1968, which receives extensive photographic documentation in this series. The space, filled with models, drawings, souvenirs, and artworks, both found and created by Friedman, epitomizes Friedman's universe, and will pass intact into the collection of the Fonds national de l'art contemporain.

Arrangement

The series is arranged by medium. Friedman's original associative arrangement can be traced by the "boîte" numbers in each entry. A search using the "find" command with one of those entries will retrieve the other materials originally housed in the same folder or box (see Arrangement and Processing History notes above).
 

Film and television projects, 1960-1986, undated

box 91, folder 18

"Ornements sonores," 1960

Scope and Content Note

Proposal, print of drawing. Boîte: 20.
 

African Tales, 1960-1963

 

"Moukengue," 1960-1962

Scope and Content Note

Documentation relating to competition entries, showings and rights, correspondence and story/script, as well as drawings and negatives. Boîte: 20, 47C, 135
box 91, Folder 1

Papers

box 129, folder 1

Negatives

box 91, folder 2

"Les aventures de Cheveux de Lion," 1961

Scope and Content Note

Corrected handwritten draft and typescript copy of story/script; typescript with shot indicators; notes. Boîte: 20.
box 91, folder 3

"La jeune fille qui voyageait avec les gazelles," 1961

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: unnumbered.
 

"Samba Gana," "Annalya Tou-Bari," "Le serpent d'Issa-Ber," 1962

Scope and Content Note

Typescript copies of story/script; negatives; photocopies of drawings; award certificate; copy of letter sent. Boîte: 20, 47C, 135, unnumbered.
box 91, folder 4

Papers

box 129, folder 2

Negatives

box 91, folder 5

"Celui qui ne regarde pas en arrière," "Le forgeron qui était oiseau," "Histoire des Gabouloukous," 1962

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts of story; sketches; photocopies and photograph of drawings. Boîte: 18K, 20, unnumbered.
box 91, Folder 6

"Koulou Makalla, le lion, le lièvre et l'araignée," 1962

Scope and Content Note

Typescript drafts of story/script. Boîte: 20.
box 91, folder 7

"Pourquoi le desert est desert," 1963

Scope and Content Note

Typescript drafts of story/script; program. Boîte: 20, unnumbered.
 

General, 1960-1963

Scope and Content Note

Printed copy of stories with drawings; drawings on trace; brief overview text; synopsis; notes; photocopies of articles; as well as transparencies, negatives (including shot of Friedman working on an animation) and drawings on film. Boîte: 10B.15, 20, 23, 47C, 135, unnumbered.
box 91, folder 8

Papers

box 129, folder 3

Transparencies, negative, drawings on film

box 91, folder 9

Exhibition documentation, 1960-1963

Scope and Content Note

Invitation, programs, information sheets. Boîte: 20.
box 91, folder 10

"Yasiada," circa 1962

Scope and Content Note

Scenarios and clipping. Boîte: 20, unnumbered.
 

"Persée," 1963

Scope and Content Note

Scenarios, drawings and prints, notes and negatives. Boîte: 10B.15, 20, 135, unnumbered.
box 91, folder 11

Papers

box 129, folder 4

Negatives

box 91, folder 19

"Pierre et le loup," undated

Scope and Content Note

Colored drawings on trace and prints. Boîte: 18C, 18H.
box 91, folder 12

"1001 nuits," undated

Scope and Content Note

Prints of drawings. Boîte: 19H.2.
box 91, folder 13

"S.O.S. Paris," undated

Scope and Content Note

Scenario with detailed shot list. Boîte: 20.
box 91, folder 14

"L'art technocaricaturistique de Monsieur Tinguely/ La machine inutile," undated

Scope and Content Note

Drafts of scenario and shotlist. Boîte: 20.
box 91, folder 15

"La fin du monde," undated

Scope and Content Note

Handwritten and typescript drafts of scenario, typescript summary of series. Boîte: 20.
box 91, folder 17

"Que vive la ville," undated

Scope and Content Note

Scenario, shot list, notes. Boîte: 113.
box 92, folder 6-7

"L'an 2000," 1963-1966

Scope and Content Note

Materials for both a film and a television series, including project proposals, shot lists, scenarios, correspondence, notes, photographs. Boîte: 17.14, 23, 24B.6, 27G, 47C,93.2, GRI2A, GRI1B, unnumbered
box 91, folder 16

"La grande ville n'est pas une enemie," 1965

Scope and Content Note

Typescript drafts of scenario, prints of drawings. Boîte: 92.1, GRI1B.
box 92, folder 2-5

"Annalya tou-Bari," 1972-1973

Scope and Content Note

Scenario, shot lists, budget, drawings, notes, project proposal. Boîte: 23, 25A, 120.1, 135, unnumbered.
box 92, folder 1

"19e siècle bis," circa 1975

Scope and Content Note

Drafts of scenarios, notes, correspondence, proposal cover sheet, budget. Boîte: 19, 23, 113, 113A, 116, 117A, 142, unnumbered.
box 93, folder 1

"Survie urbaine chez nous et dans le tiers monde," 1981

Scope and Content Note

Proposal. Boîte: 141.
box 93, folder 2-3

"Museum of Simple Technology," circa 1984-1986

Scope and Content Note

Original drawings and photocopies for animation. Boîte: 59.
box 91, folder 20

"Les villes de demain," undated

Scope and Content Note

Scenario, shot list, drawings, photograph. Boîte: 27H.
box 92, folder 8

"The Changing Town," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript drafts of scenario, film grid. Boîte: 17E, 17.10.
box 92, folder 9

"Design and Development," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript of proposal for television program. Boîte: 92.1.
box 92, folder 10

"L'utopie est à la porte en attendant y entrer," undated

Scope and Content Note

Typescript. Boîte: 19B.2.
box 93, folder 9

Diffusion et réalisations audiovisuelles (D.I.R.A.), 1971

Scope and Content Note

Typescripts on trace of proposals, list of participants; diagrams. Boîte: 18C.
box 93, folder 4

Animation methodology, 1962, undated

Scope and Content Note

Notes, sketches and drawings, summary. Boîte: 10B.13, 20, 47C, UN.
box 93, folder 5-6

Miscellaneous drawings and text, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes original drawings, as well as prints and photographs of drawings, and sections of scenarios. Boîte: 18C, 20, 57, 114H, GRI2E, Ville spatiale 1958, unnumbered.
box 93, folder 7

Press coverage of animation films, 1960-1970, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of articles. Boîte: 37, 39.
box 93, folder 8

Miscellaneous notes and ephemera, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes notes, addresses and contact information, equipment and screening room information. Boîte: 19, 20, 23, 93.2, 95.1, unnumbered.
 

Holiday cards, 1962-2001, undated

Scope and Content Note

Original drawings, production materials and photocopies of holiday greetings. Also includes a small number of other cards and invitations. Boîte: 10B.10, 18C, 20, 24B.6, 35.2, 88, 95.1, 95.2, 113, 116A, 131D, 143, 163K, 168T, 169U, unnumbered, AncienOrig1, AncienOrig2, Ville spatiale 1958, GRI2B.
box 94, folder 1

General

Flatfile 14**

Oversize

Scope and Content Note

Copies of 1963 New Year's card glued together. Boîte: GRI2D.
 

Apartment documentation, 1970, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photographs and copies, including prints by Paul Almásy. Boîte: 50, 57, 66, 88, 131H, 159I, 162H, 163K, 173, 176, 188, AncienOrig2.
box 94, folder 2-3

Black-and-white prints and photocopies, undated

box 130, folder 1

Color prints, undated

 

Press coverage of apartment, 1970, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of articles. Boîte: 37, 39, 159I.
box 94, folder 3A

Standard

box 139*, folder 1

Oversize

box 94, folder 4

Truths, circa 1980-2000

Scope and Content Note

Collages and photocopies, notes. Boîte: 119D, 127F, 176, Cities, unnumbered.
box 94, folder 5

Seasons/calendar drawings (Liber horarum), 1988, undated

Scope and Content Note

Multiples sets of copies, including one labelled for Serge Antoine and one included with 1988 calendar. Boîte: 1H, 5F, 42I.
box 94, folder 6

I-ching drawings, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies, also includes a mini I-ching version with German captions. Boîte: 5F, 50, 58D, 60A, 60E,
box 94, folder 7

Mythologies, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies. Boîte: 160V.
box 94, folder 8

Histoire de Balkis, undated

Scope and Content Note

Drawings, photocopies, collages. Boîte: 159Y.
 

Totem de ma mère, undated

Scope and Content Note

Grave monument for Aurore Friedman, includes plans, notes, photographs and photocopies. Boîte: 56, 57, 66, 95.2, 172.
box 94, folder 9

Papers and black-and-white photographs

box 139*, folder 2

Oversize photocopies

box 129, folder 5

Color photographs and negatives

box 94, folder 10

Licorne / unicorns, undated

Scope and Content Note

Various unicorn-related drawings and photocopies. Boîte: 174, 176.
box 94, folder 11

Zero dollars, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of altered United States currency. Boîte: 76.3.
box 94, folder 12

Furniture designs, undated

Scope and Content Note

Sketches, drawings and measurements. Boîte: 93.2, 113E, 120.1.
box 94, folder 13

Dessins repatrié de Boulevard Pasteur, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 1Y, 169W.
 

Venice photomontages, 2003

Scope and Content Note

Photomontages, photographs of photomontages, photocopies of photographs of photomontages, drawings and photocopies, photocopies of photographs of Venice. Boîte: 173, 174, 196.
box 129, folder 6

Photomontages and color photographs of montages

box 95, folder 1

Papers

box 95, folder 2

La naissance de Venus, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 123F.
box 95, folder 3

Le promenade au Bois de Boulogne, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 88.
box 95, folder 4

Legende de Venus, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings. Boîte: 119E.
box 95, folder 5

Petit bestiare, undated

Scope and Content Note

Photocopies of drawings with captions. Boîte: 88.
box 139*, folder 3

Le Monde â 1 franc, undated

Scope and Content Note

Collaged work and photocopy. Boîte: 5L, 5N.
box 95, folder 6

Illustrations for "Fragments of Now," by Anat Ur, undated

Scope and Content Note

Paste-ups and photocopies of illustrations for book of poetry by Anat Ur. Boîte: 165M, 170II, 170JJ.
 

Miscellaneous drawings and art, undated

Scope and Content Note

Original drawings, photocopies and prints; slides of art by Friedman. Also includes copies of works by others. Boîte: 5E, 5F, 10B.3, 35.1, 35.2, 55, 57, 60A, 61B, 71M, 88, 89F, 89G, 95.1, 95.2, 113, 114, 130Z, 131B, 131D, 160V, 172, VilleSpatiale1958, GRI2C, GRI2D, unnumbered.
box 95A

Papers

box 130, folder 2

Slides and color photograph

 

Series VIII. Documentation of career, 1958-2004, undated

Physical Description: 6.1 Linear Feet (13 boxes)

Scope and Content Note

Materials documenting Yona Friedman's long career forms Series VIII. Included here are curricula vitae and biographical material, publicity materials, information on awards received, and grants and patents applied for. A large portion of the series is devoted to publications and other materials written by others on the topic of Friedman and his work, ranging from clippings and photocopies of general press coverage, to transcripts of interviews, to materials relating to treatments of Friedman on film. Also included in this series is Friedman's documentation of his archive, including inventories and descriptions, as well as information on its dispersal.

Arrangement

The series is arranged by topic and type of material. Friedman's original associative arrangement can be traced by the "boîte" numbers in each entry. A search using the "find" command with one of those entries will retrieve the other materials originally housed in the same folder or box (see Arrangement and Processing History notes above).
box 96, folder 1-4

Curriculum vitae and biographical material, circa 1975-2000, undated

Scope and Content Note

Manuscript and published materials relating to Friedman's life and career; typescripts, clippings and photocopies. Boîte: 18E, 24B.6, 37, 38, 40.2, 47B, 48.1D, 50, 95.1, 95.2, 124F, 130W, 130X, 130Z, 140E, 157V, 160A.1, 161B.1, 169.11, 170LL, GRI2A.
box 96A, folder 1

Education, 1965-1969

Scope and Content Note

Includes an article on the Technion and a project dossier sent to Friedman by Iván Kotsis. Boîte: 25E, unnumbered.
 

Teaching and research positions, 1967-2004, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes correspondence regarding Friedman's seminars in the United States; photographs of student projects in Pittsburgh and Milan; materials related to Friedman's master class at the École spéciale d'architecture (ESA); and applications for positions with the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) and the University of Geneva. Boîte: 18B, 40.2, 78T, 93.1, 113, 113G, 140E, 180, unnumbered.
box 96A, folder 4-6

Papers and black-and-white photographs

box 131, folder 3

Color photographs

box 139*, folder 5

ESA poster

box 139*, folder 6

Oversize CNRS clipping

box 96A, folder 2

Professional service, 1972

Scope and Content Note

Materials related to Friedman's service as a juror for the Integra competition. Boîte: 94.2.
box 96A, folder 3

Honors, 1968-1976

Scope and Content Note

Includes materials relating to honors conferred by Recherches et Formes de Demain and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts, The Hague. Boîte: 88, GRI2A.
 

Conferences and lectures, 1962-1995

Scope and Content Note

Materials relating to Friedman's lectures and conference and event participation, including Kraftwerk1 in Zurich and the Rio Earth Summit. Boîte: 5D, 40.2, 92.1, 110, 122, 157T, 158M, unnumbered.
box 96A, folder 8-10

Papers

box 139*, folder 7

Oversize announcements

box 96A, folder 7

Grants and funding, 1969, undated

Scope and Content Note

Composite draft of proposal for the Ford Foundation and photocopy of related text. Boîte: 180, GRI2B. See also Box 5, folders 6-8, Box 6, folder 26.
box 96A, folder 11

Patents, 1958-1960, undated

Scope and Content Note

Filings for technical innovations; documentation; sketches. Boîte: 24D, 137I, unnumbered. See also Box 3, folder 1A, Box 12, folder 4.
box 96A, folder 12

Professional and personal documents, 1965-1987, undated

Scope and Content Note

Original and copies (including blank forms) of various official documentation, including Friedman's identity card, various visa applications. Also includes membership applications and questionnaires from professional groups. Boîte: 18C, 35.1, 35.2, 40.2, 122, UN3.
box 96, folder 5

Album, circa 1976-1977

Scope and Content Note

Various material assembled by Friedman to illustrate his work, including curriculum vitae, list of publications and examples of his writings and drawings; primarily photocopies. These have been removed from original housing of plastic sleeves in a binder. Boîte: unnumbered.
box 96, folder 6

Dossiers, undated

Scope and Content Note

Assembled packets, including brief biography, bibliography and list of projects; photocopies of drawings and articles. Boîte: unnumbered.
 

General press coverage, 1958-2004, undated

Scope and Content Note

Primarily photocopies of articles about Friedman taken from an international range of journals and newspapers, both architectural in focus and general interest. The articles document Friedman's work and theories, awards received, publication announcements and book reviews, exhibition announcements, as well as notices of lectures and broadcast appearances. Many photocopies are partial or framed in such a way that the complete work is not preserved. A few original clippings and tearsheets are included, as well as a few academic papers on Friedman. Boîte: 28X, 35.1, 35.2, 37, 38, 39, 92.1, 102B, 122, 134/144, 140, 141, 170V, 172, 176, unnumbered.
box 97-99

Standard

box 138*, folder 10

Oversize clippings

 

Interviews with Friedman, 1966-2004, undated

Scope and Content Note

See also Box 18, folder 18 for interviews with Michael Ellenberger.
box 100, folder 1A

Megascope, 1966