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Kenneth Cardwell Collection 2010.-01
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access Statement
  • Publication Rights
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biographical Note
  • System of Arrangement
  • Scope and Contents
  • Related Collections

  • Language of Material: English
    Contributing Institution: University of California, Berkeley. College of Environmental Design. Environmental Design Archives
    Title: Kenneth Cardwell Collection
    creator: Cardwell, Kenneth H
    Identifier/Call Number: 2010.-01
    Physical Description: 5 Linear feet 4 cartons, 1 legal sized document box, 1 shoebox, 1 card file box
    Date (inclusive): 1941-1994

    Access Statement

    Collection is open for research. Many of the Environmental Design Archives collections are stored offsite and advance notice is required for use.

    Publication Rights

    All requests for permission to publish, reproduce, or quote from materials in the collection should be discussed with the Curator.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of Item], Kenneth Cardwell Collection, Environmental Design Archives, University of California, Berkeley.

    Biographical Note

    Longtime resident of Berkeley, Kenneth H. Cardwell (1920 – 2010) was born in Los Angeles, California. He attended Occidental College for two years before transferring to UC Berkeley (UCB) in 1939 to study architecture. During World War II, Cardwell took a break in his studies and enlisted in the U.S. (Army) Air Force in the South Pacific from 1941-1945. After an honorable discharge, he returned to UC Berkeley and completed his BA in Architecture in 1947. He worked in the firms of Thomsen and Wilson of San Francisco; Michael Goodman, and Winfield Scott Wellington in Berkeley; Kolbeck, Cardwell & Christopherson in Oakland; and Hall, Goodhue, and Haisley. Early in his professional career, he also worked as a historical preservationist and reconstruction consultant with his wife, Mary (Sullivan) Cardwell, also a UCB graduate. Early in the 1940s, Cardwell became friends with Bernard and Annie Maybeck, beginning his lifelong fascination and scholarly research on Maybeck. He worked alongside Maybeck to catalogue the homes designed by Maybeck throughout Berkeley. Out of his research of and with Maybeck, Cardwell published Bernard Maybeck: Artisan, Architect, Artist in 1977, republished in 1996; a groundbreaking book that brought Maybeck's name to the forefront of architectural history. In 1949 Cardwell began teaching at the University of California, Berkeley and retired as a full professor in 1982. He created and taught the University's first course in Historic Preservation, which integrated the cultural and literary heritage of the West with the development of its physical environment. While at Berkeley, Cardwell also began collecting many architectural records relating to Bay Area Architectural History, developing what would become the College of Environmental Design Archives. He collected the works of Bernard Maybeck, Julia Morgan, John Galen Howard, Willis Polk, and Charles Greene.
    In 1976, Kenneth Cardwell joined the firm Hall, Goodhue, and Haisley where he worked as an architectural preservationist and in community conservation. At this firm, he used his knowledge of architectural styles, construction techniques, and biographical information of individual architects to most accurately report and restore northern Californian historical sites. Important projects he surveyed, restored, and consulted on during this time include: the Historical American Buildings Survey on the U.S. Mint and Montgomery Block of San Francisco, the Sanchez Adobe building, the Cooper-Molera Adobe, the U.S. Customs House and U.S. Post Office, and South Hall at the University of California, Berkeley. Upon retirement in 1982 he received the University of Berkeley Citation for Distinguished Teaching. Kenneth Cardwell was elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects. A civic-minded citizen, he served on Berkeley's Civic Art Commission and the Board of Adjustments. Sources: Kenneth Cardwell, Curriculum Vitae Kenneth Cardwell Obituary, East Bay Times from Jan. 14 to Jan. 16, 2010 "In Memoriam," by S. Tobriner 2011, https://senate.universityofcalifornia.edu/_files/inmemoriam/html/kennethhcardwell.html

    System of Arrangement

    The collection is organized in six series: Personal Papers, Professional Papers, Faculty Papers, Project Records, Historical Preservation Records, and Maybeck Records. Within each series, order has been imposed by the archivist where original order was not evident.

    Scope and Contents

    The Kenneth Cardwell Collections spans the years from 1941-1994, and includes files created by Cardwell, the firms he worked for, and records pertinent to his research and teaching materials. This collection mainly documents his work as an architect, preservationist, and researcher.
    Series I: Personal Papers (1941-1982) contains biographical information and photographs from Cardwell's time serving in the U.S. military during WWII when he was stationed in New Guinea and England.
    Series II: Professional Papers (1955-1991) contains correspondence relating to Cardwell's time as faculty of the College of Environmental Design and the publishing of his book Bernard Maybeck: Artisan, Architect, Artist; unpublished writings, such as histories of places and biographies of individual architects; presentations; and various office records from the firm Hall, Goodhue, and Haisley.
    Series III: Faculty Papers (1955-1965) contains teaching materials and work done by his students during his time as a professor at the Department of Architecture at UC Berkeley. Classes he taught include Housing Facilities (co-taught with Vernon DeMars), Neighborhood Health Centers, and Architectural Preservation and Documentation.
    Series IV: Project Records (1949-1985) contains documents, drawings, and photographs of architectural projects designed by Cardwell. These projects, mostly residential, done for private clients in the Bay Area during the 1950s and 1960s and include additions and remodeling. These projects were done during the time that Cardwell worked for the firms Kolbeck, Cardwell, Christopherson, and for himself under the name K. Cardwell Architects.
    Series V: Historical Preservation Records (1953-1994) consists of documents, surveys, drawings, and photographs relating to Cardwell's work as an architectural preservationist and a historic architecture consultant. This includes work done as a private consultant for governmental agencies such as the Department of Park and Recreation, Department of Transportation (Caltrans), the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the firm Hall, Goodhue, and Hailsey where he worked on many historic architectural sites throughout Northern California creating historic evaluations, surveys, and structural reports. The Historical Preservation Records contains documents (such as reports, descriptive site evaluations, and research files pertaining to paint colors, vernacular designs, and other design notes), drawings, and photographs (from either archival sources, or taken by Cardwell).
    Series VI: Maybeck, contains reference images relating to Cardwell's lifelong research on Bernard Maybeck, teaching materials, and his book Bernard Maybeck: Artisan, Architect, Artist. These images include photographs, negatives, positives, and glass slides taken by Cardwell and others. This series also contains three sounds recordings from an interview done by Bernard Maybeck and Robert Schutz done in 1953 titled, "Men and Issues."

    Related Collections

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Architectural preservation
    Architects -- California -- San Francisco Bay Area.
    Historic preservation