Finding aid to the Bernard Nietschmann papers BANC MSS 2010/185

Marjorie Bryer
The Bancroft Library
The Bancroft Library
University of California
Berkeley, CA 94720-6000

Language of Material: English
Contributing Institution: The Bancroft Library
Title: Bernard Nietschmann papers
Creator: Nietschmann, Bernard
Identifier/Call Number: BANC MSS 2010/185
Physical Description: 30 Linear Feet (19 cartons, 2 boxes, 1 volume, 21 oversize folders, and 1 roll)
Date (inclusive): 1956-2001
Abstract: The Bernard Nietschmann papers document his professional career as a cultural geographer, scholar, teacher, and activist. The bulk of the collection concerns his work with the Miskito Indians and other indigenous peoples in Central America and worldwide. The collection includes correspondence; writings; research data, field notes, and subject files; materials related to the Maya Mapping Project and Maya Atlas; research proposals and professional projects; teaching materials; administrative files; personalia and biographical material; drawings, maps, and posters; and audiovisual materials.
Language of Material: Collection materials are in English, Spanish, and Miskito.
Physical Location: Many of the Bancroft Library collections are stored offsite and advance notice may be required for use. For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the library's online catalog.

Conditions Governing Access

Cartons 1-19, boxes 1-2, oversize folders 1-21, and roll 1 are open for research. Volume 1 includes restricted information and is closed to researchers until 2057.


No future additions are expected.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The Bernard Nietschmann papers were given to The Bancroft Library in 2010 by Brian Weiss, Executor of the Estate of Angelina Nietschmann.

Alternate Forms Available

There are no alternative forms of this collection.

Biographical Information

Cultural geographer Bernard Q. Nietschmann (1941-2000) was a professor in the Department of Geography at the University of California, Berkeley from 1977 until 2000. He was known for his field work with the Miskito Indians of Nicaragua, and his role advising them during their negotiations for self-determination with the Sandinista government. Nietschmann also established the Maya Mapping Project, using cultural geography to help the Maya in southern Belize produce an atlas that documented their homeland and promoted their rights to land. He published extensive studies on sea turtles in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and the Torres Strait, documented dangerous beaches and advocated for the safety of divers, and was a spokesperson for the Fourth World Movement.
Nietschmann was born in Peoria, Illinois. He attended UCLA, where he received a BA in geography in 1965. He received his MA and Ph.D. in Geography at University of Wisconsin (1968 and 1970), and taught at the University of Michigan before coming to Berkeley in 1977. Nietschmann won teaching awards at both schools. He was a member of the National Geographic Society's Committee for Research and Exploration, a founding member of the board of directors of the Center for World Indigenous Studies, and a Pew Foundation Fellow in conservation and environment. Nietschmann died in Berkeley after a long battle with esophageal cancer.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Bernard Nietschmann papers, BANC MSS 2010/185, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

System of Arrangement

Arranged to the folder level.

Processing Information

Processed by Marjorie Bryer in 2020.

Related Collections

Photographs from the Bernard Nietschmann papers [graphic] (BANC PIC 2011.015)

Related Collections

Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz papers (BANC MSS 2004/222 z)

Scope and Content of Collection

The Bernard Nietschmann papers document his professional career as a cultural geographer, scholar, teacher, and activist. The bulk of the collection concerns his work with the Miskito Indians and other indigenous peoples in Central America and worldwide. The collection is divided into 10 series: Correspondence; Writings; Research Data, Field Notebooks, and Subject Files; Maya Mapping Project; Research Proposals and Professional Projects; Course Materials; University of California, Berkeley Administrative Materials; Personalia and Biographical Material; Drawings, Maps, and Posters; and Audiovisual Materials.

Separated Materials

Photographs transferred to the Pictorial Collections of The Bancroft Library.
Digital materials transferred to the Digital Collections Unit of The Bancroft Library.

Publication Rights

Some materials in these collections may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.). In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of University of California gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user. All requests to reproduce, publish, quote from, or otherwise use collection materials must be submitted in writing to the Head of Public Services, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley 94720-6000. See:

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Nietschmann, Bernard -- Archives.
University of California, Berkeley. -- Department of Georgraphy.
Maya Mapping Project.
Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional.
Maya atlas.
Miskito Indians -- Government relations.
Miskito Indians -- Wars.
Indians of Central America -- Nicaragua -- Government relations.
Indians of Central America -- Wars -- Nicaragua.
Indigenous peoples -- Land tenure.
Sea turtles -- Central America.
Sea turtles -- Caribbean Sea.
Marine animals -- Torres Strait.
Cultural geography.
Nicaragua -- Politics and government -- 1979-1990.


Series 1. Correspondence 1965-2001

Physical Description: Cartons 1-2

Scope and Content Note

Incoming and outgoing, primarily professional but there is some personal and family correspondence. Please note that other series also contain correspondence.
Carton 1, Folder 1

"A," includes MISURASATA (Miskitu, Sumo, Rama, Sandinista All Together) Correspondence 1983-1998

Carton 1, Folder 2

Bataillon, Gilles 1983-1985

Carton 1, Folder 3

Bent, Norman 1985

Carton 1, Folder 4

Bishop, Barry 1987-1997

Carton 1, Folder 5

Bodley, John 1986

Carton 1, Folder 6

Brannstrom, Christian 1991

Carton 1, Folder 7

British Broadcasting Corp. (BBC) – Turtle Exploitation 1973

Carton 1, Folder 8

Burma Correspondence 1985

Carton 1, Folder 9

Buvollen, Hans Peter, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1986

Carton 1, Folder 10

"B," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1983-1997

Carton 1, Folder 11-13

Caribbean Conservation Corporation/Charles Luthin/Jaime Incer/Berkeley Mapping, includes materials re: the Miskito Coast Protected Area and Commission (MCPA) 1991-1995

Carton 1, Folder 14-15

Carr, Archie/Caribbean Conservation Corp., and Archie Carr III, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1978-1985

Carton 1, Folder 16

Casper, Phil, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1981-1984

Carton 1, Folder 17

Center for World Indigenous Studies, includes Notes 1985

Carton 1, Folder 18

Chapin, Mac 1994-1999

Carton 1, Folder 19

"C," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1982-1999

Carton 1, Folder 20

Davis, Shelton/Anthropology Research Center (ARC), includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1982-1985

Carton 1, Folder 21

Dedina, Serge 1992

Carton 1, Folder 22

Deschênes, Sylvie M. et al, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1986, 1995

Carton 1, Folder 23

Doherty, Deidre 1999

Carton 1, Folder 24-29

Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne circa 1981-1987

Carton 1, Folder 30

"D-E," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1975-2000

Carton 1, Folder 31-33

Familia Pont/Grithel Pont du Fox/José (Angelina Nietschmann’s Sister and Nephew) 1999-2000

Carton 1, Folder 34-35

Family (Parents, Son, Aunt) circa 1985-1998

Carton 1, Folder 36

Florida, University of 1974-1975

Carton 1, Folder 37

"F," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1984-1997

Carton 1, Folder 38

Gabriel, Bruno/Bruno Gabriel Peralta circa 1983-1984

Carton 1, Folder 39

Gates, Charles/Industrias Cayo Miskito (ICM) Project 1997

Carton 1, Folder 40

Griggs, Rich circa 1991-1993

Carton 1, Folder 41

Guillen, Adriana 1984

Carton 1, Folder 42

Gupta, Kusal, includes MISURASATA Correspondence circa 1984-1987

Carton 1, Folder 43

"G," includes MISURASATA Correspondence circa 1984-1999

Carton 1, Folder 44-45

Haglund, Frithiof, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1984-1986

Carton 1, Folder 46

Haupert, A. Peter, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1981-1985

Carton 1, Folder 47

Houwald, Dr. Götz Frhr. v., includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1984-1988

Carton 1, Folder 48

Hyndman, David circa 1986

Carton 1, Folder 49

"H," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1979-1993

Carton 1, Folder 50-53

Incer, Jaime/MIKUPIA/IRENA, Caribbean Conservation Corp., and Nicaraguan Lobster Connection, includes MISURASATA Correspondence circa 1973-1994

Carton 1, Folder 54-57

Indian Law Resource Center/Steven Tullberg/Armstrong Wiggins, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1983-1999

Carton 1, Folder 58

"I-J," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1975-1998

Carton 1, Folder 59

Knight, Blandino 1984-1985

Carton 1, Folder 60

Knight, Flannery/Letters from Tasbepauni, Nicaragua 1971

Carton 2, Folder 1-2

Letters from Nicaragua 1969-1976

Carton 2, Folder 3

Lifesaving Letters 1998

Carton 2, Folder 4-5

Loveland, Franklin O., includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1970-1984

Carton 2, Folder 6

"K-L," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1984-1999

Carton 2, Folder 7

Marine Turtle Specialist Group 1998

Carton 2, Folder 8

Marketing Information 1972

Carton 2, Folder 9

[Maybury Is] Correspondence and Clippings 1976

Carton 2, Folder 10

McColm, Bruce, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1982-1983, undated

Carton 2, Folder 11

Michigan, University of/Australian National University 1973-1977

Carton 2, Folder 12

Mirante, Edith/Project MAJE 1986-1993

Carton 2, Folder 13

MISURASATA/Refugee Program Letters 1983-1984

Carton 2, Folder 14

"M," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1983-1993

Carton 2, Folder 15

Narmark, Mike 1995-1998

Carton 2, Folder 16-20

National Geographic/National Geographic Committee for Research and Exploration, includes Photography and Geography Seminar, Miskito Coast 1972-1999

Carton 2, Folder 21

Nicaragua, Republic of 1992-1998

Carton 2, Folder 22

Nicaraguan Coast People’s Resistance (NICOPER), includes Correspondence from Fran and Modesto Watson 1984-1986

Carton 2, Folder 23

Nietschmann, Angelina 1997-1998, undated

Carton 2, Folder 24

Pickering, Anne 1992-1993

Carton 2, Folder 25-26

Publications, Correspondence with, and Requests for/Receipt of circa 1975-1992

Carton 2, Folder 27

"N, O, P," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1982-1992

Carton 2, Folder 28

Queensland, University of, includes David Hyndman circa 1977-1980

Carton 2, Folder 29

Rama Cay Letters circa 1969-1971

Carton 2, Folder 30

Ranger, Mark 1992-1995

Carton 2, Folder 31

Richardson, Bon 1993

Carton 2, Folder 32

Richardson, Reverend Donald, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1985-1986

Carton 2, Folder 33

Rivera, Brooklyn, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1982-1983

Carton 2, Folder 34

Ryan, Joe/National Lawyers’ Guild/CONAS 1984

Carton 2, Folder 35-37

Ryser, Rudy, Center for World Indigenous Studies (CWIS) 1984-2001

Carton 2, Folder 38

"R," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1984-1991

Carton 2, Folder 39

Sandoval, Judith Hancock 1976-1993

Carton 2, Folder 40

Simmons, Terry, includes Bibliographies and References circa 1981

Carton 2, Folder 41

Sorsby, William S., includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1985

Carton 2, Folder 42

Spanish Letters (Foreign Area Fellowship Program) 1968-1972

Carton 2, Folder 43-44

"S," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1982-2001

Carton 2, Folder 45

"T," includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1979-1996

Carton 2, Folder 46

University of California Press 1989-1992

Carton 2, Folder 47

University of Wisconsin Press 1970-1971

Carton 2, Folder 48

Washburn, Wilcomb E./Smithsonian, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1984-1992

Carton 2, Folder 49-50

Watson, Modesto and Fran, includes MISURASATA Correspondence 1984-1999

Carton 2, Folder 51

"U, V, W," includes MISURASATA Correspondence circa 1983-1999

Carton 2, Folder 52

"X, Y, Z," includes MISURASATA Correspondence circa 1983-1999

Carton 2, Folder 53

Unidentified, includes MISURASATA Correspondence circa 1971-1997, undated

Carton 2, Folder 54-55

Correspondence, includes San Miguel Project 1965-1967

Carton 2, Folder 56

Correspondence, includes Banco de America Book 1972-1979, undated


Series 2. Writings 1964-1999, undated

Physical Description: Cartons 3-6, Carton 7, folders 1-47; Box 2, folder 1

Scope and Content Note

This series contains book projects; student papers and materials related to Nietschmann's MA thesis; academic and popular articles; book chapters and book reviews; conference papers, lectures, and talks; notes; and reprints. Includes writings about the Miskito Indians, Sandinistas, and Nicaragua. There is some publishing-related correspondence and there may be some overlap with lecture notes he prepared for classes.
Carton 3, Folder 1-3

Between Land and Water: The Subsistence Ecology of the Miskito Indians, Eastern Nicaragua, includes Abstract, Dissertation, Book Reviews 1970-1974

Carton 3, Folder 4-28

Caribbean Edge: The Coming of Modern Times to Isolated People and Wildlife 1968-1982

Scope and Content Note

Includes chapter drafts, correspondence, rewrites, permissions, contracts and other materials from publishers, catalog copy, typescript and edited typescript, materials related to Caribeean Review, notes, and an outline. Some folders refer to the "Miskito Book" others include materials related to Time of the Turtle and Beyond Land and Water. Photographs related to this project can be found in Photographs from the Bernard Nietschmann papers (BANC PIC 2011.015).
Carton 3, Folder 29

Letters – Manuscripts Rejected, including Caribbean Edge circa 1969-1977

Carton 3, Folder 30

Book Reviews, including Caribbean Edge 1978-1982

Carton 3, Folder 31-37

Chapters, Data, and Notes from "Miskito Book" or Dissertation undated

Carton 3, Folder 38-42

A Fourth World Revolution: With Yapti Tasba Guerrillas Fighting the Sandinista Occupation – Typescript 1993

Scope and Content Note

Alternate title is Fourth World Revolution: A Berkeley Professor with Yapti Tasba Guerrillas Fighting the Sandinista State. Photographs were related to this project can be found in Photographs from the Bernard Nietschmann papers (BANC PIC 2011.015).
Carton 4, Folder 1-12

A Fourth World Revolution – Typescript, Original Figures, and Photocopies of Photographs circa 1993-1994

Carton 4, Folder 13

[A Fourth World Revolution] 1990-1997

Scope and Content Note

Alternative title is A Fourth World of 5000 Nations. Includes materials re: projects Nietschmann consulted on, such as the Belize Southern Highway Project; a preliminary draft of an autonomy statute; and forest management and ownership by indigenous peoples in Latin America.
Carton 4, Folder 14-22

Nietschmann's Student Papers 1964-1966

Carton 4, Folder 23-24

Pulque and Maguey in Central Mexico January 1966

Carton 4, Folder 25-35

Materials Related to Nietschmann's Master's Thesis 1966-1979

Scope and Content Note

Includes questionnaires and field outlines;, seminar problems and a research proposal; his M.A. Thesis, Cultural History of the Haciendas of the Llanos de Apan, Mexico; a notebook re: the Hacienda Film; notes; and a conference paper, The Hacienda and Agrarian Reform in Llanos de Apan, Mexico.
Carton 4, Folder 36

Hunting and Fishing Focus among the Miskito Indians, Eastern Nicaragua, includes Outline 1969-1972

Carton 4, Folder 37

The Distribution of Miskito, Sumu, and Rama Indians. Eastern Nicaragua, includes Correspondence, Notes 1969-1970

Scope and Content Note

Photographs from this paper can be found in Photographs from the Bernard Nietschmann papers (BANC PIC 2011.015).
Carton 4, Folder 38-39

Reprints, includes Correspondence 1969-1999

Carton 5, Folder 1-3

Conference Papers and Article on Subsistence 1970-1971

Carton 5, Folder 4-5

Change and Continuity: the Rama Indians of Eastern Nicaragua, Terra Ameriga 1970-1972

Carton 5, Folder 6

Research Problems circa 1970

Carton 5, Folder 7

Destruccion de la Fauna, La Prensa – Mss 1971

Carton 5, Folder 8-15

Hawksbill, includes Research Proposals (National Geographic Society and Foreign Area Fellowships Program) and Papers (in Spanish and English) 1971-1979, undated

Carton 5, Folder 16

The Study of Indigenous Food Producing Systems, Revista Geografica 1971-1972

Carton 5, Folder 17

Reprints on Miskito Indians 1971-1995

Carton 5, Folder 18-22

Articles on and Research Proposals about Sea Turtles, including When the Turtle Collapses, The World Ends 1971-1975

Carton 5, Folder 23

Humid Tropics – Shifting Cultivation, Capacity, Change, Flexibility circa 1974

Carton 5, Folder 24-26

Reviews by Nietschmann, with Correspondence, includes Harris' Beyond the Bizarre 1974-1979

Carton 5, Folder 27-30

Natural History Magazine – Articles, Correspondence, and Requests for Photographs 1974-1997

Carton 5, Folder 31-37

Association of American Geographers (AAG) Conference Papers 1974-1993

box 2, Folder 1

From Turtle Hunting to Ranching and the California Connection…AAG Paper 1975

Carton 5, Folder 38

Of Turtles, Arribadas, and People 1975

Carton 5, Folder 39

Protecting Endangered and Depleted Fauna in Nicaragua 1975

Carton 5, Folder 40

Who Will Kill the Last Turtle – Collected Papers 1975

Carton 5, Folder 41-42

Memories of Turtle Reef, Correspondence and Permissions 1975-1976

Carton 5, Folder 43

Exploitation and Ecology of Sea Turtles and Dugongs, Torres Strait 1976

Carton 5, Folder 44

Outlines for Talks 1976, undated

Carton 5, Folder 45

The Bambi Factor circa 1977

Carton 5, Folder 46

Conference of Latin American Geographers (CLAG) 1978

Carton 5, Folder 47

W.W. Norton Contract – for College Textbook, Human Environments and Cultural Systems 1978

Carton 5, Folder 48

Of Turtles and Men – Changing Ecological Relationship circa 1978

Carton 5, Folder 49-50

Economic and Ecological Change in an Amerindian Society/Far Western Caribbean – Geographical Review 1978-1979

Carton 5, Folder 51

Protein Session – Americanists Congress 1978-1979

Carton 5, Folder 52

A Place for Hunting, with Judith Nietschmann 1978-1980

Carton 5, Folder 53

Far Caribbean – Geographic Review/AAG 1979

Carton 5, Folder 54

Nicaragua – Encyclopedia Britannica Article 1979

Carton 5, Folder 55-56

The Cultural Context of Sea Turtle Subsistence Hunting in the Caribbean…, World Conference on Sea Turtle Conservation, Washington, D.C. 1979-1980

Carton 6, Folder 1

International Geographical Conference (IGU), Tokyo 1979-1980

Carton 6, Folder 2

The Limits to Protein – Vancouver Protein Paper 1979-1980

Carton 6, Folder 3

Beyond Subsistence – Stanford Talk/The Cultural Context of Hunting circa 1980

Carton 6, Folder 4

Changing and Persistent Social and Ecological Relationships in the Torres Strait, Royal Society 1980

Carton 6, Folder 5

Indigenous Island peoples, Living Resources and Protected Areas 1982

Carton 6, Folder 6-83

Miskito Indian/Sandinista/Nicaragua Writings 1983-1987, undated


Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Many of Nietschmann's writings also cover these topics, but he specifically grouped these files together. They include correspondence, editorials, letters to Brooklyn Rivera, letters to the editor, newspaper articles and clippings, notes, policy reviews, publications, radio interviews, seminars and talks, and testimony before the Organization of American States (OAS). Subjects include Indian autonomy, self-determination, resistance, rights, and revolution in Nicaragua, as well as negotiations with the Sandinista government. There is also a typescript of Indian Rights in Nicragua (July 1985). Publications Nietschmann wrote for are academic and popular and include Co-Evolution Quarterly and the New York Times.
Carton 6, Folder 84

Military and Political Struggle for Indigenous Cultural and Territorial Autonomy, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), New York 1983-1984

Carton 6, Folder 85

Biosphere Reserves and Traditional Societies circa 1984

Carton 6, Folder 86

Speaking Engagements/Requests to Publish 1984-1985, undated

Carton 6, Folder 87

Indonesia, Bangladesh: Disguised Invasion of Indigenous Nations 1985

Carton 6, Folder 88

The Geography of Indigenous Conflict, University of California, Berkeley August 1986

Carton 6, Folder 89

Third-Side Geopolitics 1986

Carton 6, Folder 90

A Treaty for Genocide against West Papaua – Center for World Indigenous Studies (CWIS) Occasional paper 1986

Carton 6, Folder 91

Cultural Survival Quarterly Articles 1986-1987

Carton 6, Folder 92

The Re-Hispanicization of California Conference February 1987

Carton 6, Folder 93

Supporting Third-Side Indigenous Nations 1989

Carton 7, Folder 1-2

Coasts Chapter – Living on Earth/Living on Coasts 1987-1988

Carton 7, Folder 3

Ashes and Mud Warfare circa 1989

Carton 7, Folder 4

States and Nations: The Roots of Conflict [Book Project?] circa 1989

Carton 7, Folder 5

Bruno Gabriel: A Miskito Nationalist and Revolutionary 1990

Carton 7, Folder 6

La Guerra y la Seguridad Ambiental en la Region Fronteriza del Rio San Juan 1990

Carton 7, Folder 7

Research and Writing 1991

Carton 7, Folder 8

Environmental Conflicts and Indigenous Nations in Central America 1991

Carton 7, Folder 9

Indigenous Peoples and Protected Areas…IV World Congress on National Parks and Protected Areas circa 1991

Carton 7, Folder 10-11

Nietschmann Interview – Audubon – The World According to Nietschmann 1992

Carton 7, Folder 12

Columbus – San Mateo October 1992

Carton 7, Folder 13-14

Geographical Security and the Co-Existence of Biological and Cultural Diversity/Interdependence of Biological and Cultural Diversity 1992

Carton 7, Folder 15

Red Gold Full Fathom – Conservation vs the Lobster Connection/Divers' Safety Workshop – Caribbean Conservation Corp. 1992

Carton 7, Folder 16

University of Hawaii 1992

Carton 7, Folder 17

World Wildlife Fund for Nature – Switzerland 1992

Carton 7, Folder 18

World Uranium Hearing 1992

Carton 7, Folder 19

University of Wisconsin 1992

Carton 7, Folder 20

IUCN, Caracas [International Union for Conservation of Nature?] 1992

Carton 7, Folder 21

Democracy Seminar, Costa Rica 1993

Carton 7, Folder 22-23

Conservation, Self-Determination and the Miskito Coast Protected Area, Nicaragua – the New Resource War, includes Spanish Translation 1994-1995

Carton 7, Folder 24

The Earth’s Coastal Domain…/National Geographic Society (NGS) Initiative 1994-1996

Carton 7, Folder 25

Himalayan Research Bulletin – Tribute to Barry Bishop 1994-1995

Carton 7, Folder 26

Protecting Coral Reefs on the Moskito Coast of the Caribbean/Sea People of the Moskito Coast May 1995

Carton 7, Folder 27

Paseo Pantera: The Natural and Cultural History of the Central American Landbridge – Review of Book by Coates 1995

Carton 7, Folder 28-29

Beaches of Costa Rica/Central America’s Dangerous Beaches/Endangered Coral Reef Divers 1995-1997

Carton 7, Folder 30

Chapter 7 – Protecting Indigenous Coral Reefs… in Conservation through Cultural Survival 1996-1997

Carton 7, Folder 31

A Berkeley Professor’s Guide to Extreme Study and Test Techniques… 1996

Carton 7, Folder 32-33

Manatees in the Tortuguero Coastal Waterways, Costa Rica/Community Conservation of Manatees in Tortuguero Costa Rica – Drafts 1996-1997

Carton 7, Folder 34-38

Dangerous Beaches/America’s Deadliest Beach, includes Ocean Beach 1996-1998

Carton 7, Folder 39-41

Costa Rica Articles, including Charting Costa Rica’s Beaches, Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS), UC Berkeley/Expedition Briefing – Costa Rica River Wildlife (EarthWatch Inst.) 1999, undated

Carton 7, Folder 42

The Bedrock and Shifting Sands of the New Europe undated

Carton 7, Folder 43

Familiar Places – Notes undated

Carton 7, Folder 44

It’s Turtles All the Way Down undated

Carton 7, Folder 45

Oceans and Ocean People (Working Title) – Prentice-Hall Book undated

Carton 7, Folder 46

Resource Seasonality and Scheduling in Subsistence undated

Carton 7, Folder 47

Writings on Coral Reefs undated


Series 3. Research Data, Field Notebooks, and Subject Files 1964-1999

Physical Description: Carton 7, folders 48-60; Cartons 8-10; Carton 11, folders 1-33; Carton 18, folders 37-43; Box 2, folder 2-7; Volume 1

Scope and Contents

Please note that there is overlap between these three categories. Subject files contain research related to Nietschmann's work with the Miskito Indians.

Research Data

Carton 7, Folder 48

Climate 1966-1970, undated

Carton 7, Folder 49

Weekly Game Animal Check Lists 1968-1975

box 2, Folder 2-3

Weekly Game Animal Check Lists 1968-1975

Carton 7, Folder 50-51

Population Data, including SNEM (Servicio Nacional de Erradicación de la Malaria) 1968-1969, undated

Carton 7, Folder 52

Maps – Miskito Coast, Nicaragua – with Notes and Correspondence 1968-1969, undated

Carton 7, Folder 53

Distance Traveled Charts 1969, undated

Carton 7, Folder 54

Diet Studies: Tasabapauni, Dry and Wet Seasons 1969

Carton 7, Folder 55

Agricultural System of Tasba, Conklin Outline 1969

Carton 7, Folder 56

Data on Animals January-June 1970

Carton 7, Folder 57

Pearl Lagoon/Oysters, Shrimp, Fish, Hunting circa 1970

Carton 7, Folder 58

HB – Hawskbill circa 1972-1980

Carton 7, Folder 59

Trobriand Cricket (Film) – Notes circa 1977

Carton 7, Folder 60

Canoe Research 1992, undated

box 2, Folder 4

Squier’s 19th Century Trip undated

Carton 8, Folder 1-32

Field Notebooks 1966-1987

Scope and Content Note

In addition to field notebooks, includes yearbooks/datebooks, loose notes, census data, and interviews. Subjects include Costa Rica; Los Angeles; Tasbapauni, Nicaragua; Honduras; Mexico; Peru; Central America; Miskito Indians; Miskito Indians and peace in Central America; and Miskito Indian telephone notes.
Carton 9, Folder 1-26

Field Notebooks 1983-1993

Scope and Content Note

Subjects include Moskito Indian telephone notes; appointment calendars; Bogota – MISURASATA-FSLN Peace Treaty Meetings; Miskito Indians/Nicaragua; Costa Rica and its manatees; Honduras; photo notes; Bluefields, Nicaragua; and St. Lucia. Nietschmann had a series of 65 numbered field notebooks dating from 1991. This carton contains #1-16. Subjects (taken from his labels) include the Miskito Coast Protected Area (MCPA); National Geographic Society; the IUCN Parks Conference in Caracas; Diver Training and Safety Workshops; Berkeley; MIKUPA-ETP Meeting; Antigua; Dominica; St. Lucia; American Association of Geographers; APCM-ETP; PEW and FLAXSO meetings; conferences; and MIKUPIA Assembly.
Carton 10, Folder 1-12

Field Notebooks, #17-65 1993-1999

Scope and Content Note

Subjects (taken from Nietschmann's labels) include Japan ICR; Miskito Cays Trip; CRE Meetings; MGA; PC; Talks; San José (Costa Rica); Biodiversity Ethics; BF; Manuel Antonio; RAS Mapping Seminar; Belize; Woods Hole; Tortuguero; DC; Alaska; Costa Rica’s Manatees; Puerto Cabezas; Jamaica; Catalina; California Beach Trips; Environmental Consequences of War; Earth Watch;, and the MATTAPONI Project.
Carton 10, Folder 13-14

Miscellaneous Notes, including Chapter 16 (Epilogue), Bogota II, Neerito, and Video/Film, COTERC Preserve, Bibliographic Record, and Notes on Books by Others undated

Carton 18, Folder 37-43

Bibliographic Records, Notes on Books by Others, Subject Cards (all on Index Cards) undated


Subject Files


Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content Note

Consists of subject file and primary source material, including correspondence, with and about cultural groups, organizations, and people. Primarily but not exclusively about the Miskito Indians and their peace negotiations with the Sandinistas.
Carton 10, Folder 15

ARDE (Alianza Revolucionaria Democrática/Democratic Revolutionary Alliance – Nicaragua) 1983-1984

Carton 10, Folder 16

Anaya, Jim 1987

Carton 10, Folder 17

Beach Safety/Planet Quepos/Dangerous Beaches 1996-1998

Carton 10, Folder 18-19

Bogota: MISURASATA-FSLN Peace Treaty Negotiations December 1984-March 1985

box 2, Folder 5

Cayman Turtle Farm, Ltd. vs. Cecil D. Andrus, et al. vs. Environmental Defense Fund, Inc., et al. 1979

Carton 10, Folder 20

Creole – Southern Indigenous Creole Community 1983

Carton 10, Folder 21

Cruz meeting with Brooklyn [Rivera] in Costa Rica 1987

Carton 10, Folder 22

Douglas, William O. 1973

Carton 10, Folder 23

Endangered Forests and Animals 1976-1986

Carton 10, Folder 24

The Environment and Subsistence Practices in Central America 1973-1976

Carton 10, Folder 25

FDN (Fuerza Democratica Nicaragüense) 1983

box 2, Folder 6

FSLN-Indian Conflicts/the Indian Revolution in Nicaragua – Notes, Memos, Maps mid-1980s

Carton 10, Folder 26

Fuller, R. Buckminster 1967-1975

Carton 10, Folder 27-28

Garifuna circa 1978-1984

Carton 10, Folder 29

Guns – El Salvador/Nicaragua Defense Fund circa 1986

Carton 10, Folder 30

Herzog, Werner 1985

Carton 10, Folder 31

Indian Research – Belize 1992

Carton 10, Folder 32

Indian-Sandinista Conflicts – Map, Chronology, Proposals for Peace and Autonomy 1987-1990

Carton 10, Folder 33

Indians, U.S., including Shoshone 1987-1990

Carton 10, Folder 34-35

Institute for the Study of Genocide/Richard Korn 1971-1984

Carton 11, Folder 1

Mexico City: MISURASATA-FSLN Peace Treaty Negotiations April 1985

Carton 11, Folder 2


Carton 11, Folder 3-4

Miskito Indians – CIA Ver Ver circa 1986-1987

Carton 11, Folder 5-6

MISURA (Miskitos, Sumos, Ramas) 1982-1984

Carton 11, Folder 7-14

MISURASATA (Miskitu, Sumo, Rama, Sandinista All Together) – Documentos circa 1981-1986

Carton 11, Folder 15-16

MISURASATA-PIRI Talks, Mexico City April 1985

Carton 11, Folder 17

MISURASATA-SANDINISTA Peace Negotiations 1984-1985

Carton 11, Folder 18

Moravian Church 1984

Carton 11, Folder 19

Natural Disasters – Newspaper Clippings from Weiss and J. Incer 1971-1975

Carton 11, Folder 20

Negotiations with the Sandinistas circa 1981-1984

box 2, Folder 7

Nicaragua – Data, includes Bluefields, Climate, General, Medical Clinics, and Newspaper Clippings 1969

Carton 11, Folder 21

Nicaragua, including Miskito Map, Land, Ephemera undated

Carton 11, Folder 22-23

O.N.E. (Organizacion de Nicaraguenses en el Exilio/Organization of Nicaraguan in Exile)/Immigration 1987

Carton 11, Folder 24

PIRI Documents 1983-1984

Carton 11, Folder 25-26

Proposal of MISURASATA for a Treaty of Peace/Proposal for a Treaty of Peace between the Republic of Nicaragua and the Indian Nations of Yapti Tasba April 1988, undated

Carton 11, Folder 27

Queen of la Mosquitía 1982

Carton 11, Folder 28

Rama circa 1976-1986

Carton 11, Folder 29

Sinclair, Rudy 1983

Carton 11, Folder 30

Slides – 32 Numbered – Before and After 1979 undated

Carton 11, Folder 31

Soleri, Paolo undated

Carton 11, Folder 32

Sumo undated

Carton 11, Folder 33

The Tasaday 1988

volume 1, Folder 1-4

Field Notebook with Medical Records (Nicaragua) and Immigration and Political Asylum Cases circa 1964-1987

Restrictions on Access

Volume 1 contains restricted personal information and is closed to researchers until 2057.
Carton 11, Folder 34-48, Carton 12, Folder 1-44, Carton 13, Folder 1-5, box 2, Folder 8-9, oversize_folder 21A

Series 4. Maya Mapping Project 1994-1998

Physical Description: Carton 11, folders 34-48; Carton 12; Carton 13, folders 1-5; Box 2, folders 8-9; Oversize folder 21A


Original order was maintained.

Scope and Content Note

Consists of materials related to the Maya Mapping Project. The project, which was established in the 1990s, involved Indians from Southern Belize in the production of a Maya Atlas to document their homeland, demand recognition, and work toward legalizing their rights to the land. "Maya Atlas: The Struggle to Preserve Maya Land in Southern Belize" was published in 1997.
Files in Carton 11 are labeled maps (and drafts), art, layouts and specifications, indexes, data and graphs, faxes, logging concessions/Toledo District, village information, production lists, and color illustrations.
Files in Carton 12 are labeled maps/color illustrations; map edits in Belize; outside problems; layouts; map catalogs; info re: Mayan cartographers coming to Berkeley; family information/file documentation; materials re: the Belize Southern Highway Rehabilitation Project; environmental reports; workshops; planning documents; communications; biotechnology maps; Maya Atlas materials, including text, copies of edits, and memos; proposals/village groupings; production binders; geo maps; publishing agreement; descriptions; coordinators; news; recent graph drafts; materials re: the TMCC (Toledo Maya Cultural Council), the TAA (Toledo Acaldes Association), and the ILRC (Indian Law Resource Center); “Defending Maya Land,” by Tim Norris; faxes – from the IRLC and others; and Maya Atlas package binders. Most photographic materials have been transferred to Photographs from the Bernard Nietschmann papers (BANC PIC 2011.015) and the Digital Collections Unit, but there are some slides in this carton.
Files in Carton 13 are labeled proof corrections, legal documents, TMCC news, faxes. images, to-do lists, and Maya Atlas documents.
Files in Box 2 are labeled Maya Atlas text, last edits, deadlines, and the affidavit of Richard R. Wilk.
Oversize folder 21A includes newspaper clippings from the Belize Times, page corrections, illustrations, and maps.

Series 5. Research Proposals and Professional Projects 1967-1999

Physical Description: Carton 13, folders 6-66; Carton 14, Box 2, folder 10

Scope and Content Note

Includes grants and fellowships and work with conservation and human rights organizations. There is overlap with correspondence, writings, and UC Berkeley Administrative materials.
Carton 13, Folder 6-8

Research Project – Foreign Area Fellowship Program (FAFP) – Ph.D., Fieldwork, Reports, Correspondence circa 1967-1972

Carton 13, Folder 9-10

Research Proposal – Ph.D., Fulbright-Hays, National Academy of Sciences (NAS) National Research Council (NRC) 1968

Carton 13, Folder 11

Letters of Introduction 1968-1972

Carton 13, Folder 12

Supplementary Funds, University of Wisconsin 1969

Carton 13, Folder 13-14

Subsistence to Market Research Proposal – Social Science Research Council (SSRC), American Philosophical Society, University of Michigan, Wenner-Gren Foundation 1970-1973

Carton 13, Folder 15

Potential Research Projects 1972, undated

Carton 13, Folder 16

Research Project – Ridley, University of Michigan 1972-1973

Carton 13, Folder 17-19

Teaching Grants – Use of Video/instructional Improvement, Large Group Instruction/Study of Visual Media in Cultural Geography, University of Michigan 1972-1974

Carton 13, Folder 20

Henry Russel Lecture/Award 1973-1974

Carton 13, Folder 21-24

Guggenheim Foundation – Fellowship and Applications, Henry Frank Guggenheim Foundation Research Grant – Sea Territoriality and Conflict/Wars 1975-1985

Carton 13, Folder 25-37

National Geographic Society (NGS)/National Geographic Society Committee for Research and Exploration 1975-1999

Scope and Content Note

Files re: NGS activities include Land Use; NGS Lecture; Resource Pirates; Correspondence with Mary G. Smith; Panama-Costa Rica; Macmap – Central America; Miskito Cays Trip; Research and Exploration – “New Alliance”; Nomination Page/Research Grant; and Marine Biology and Marine Geography of the Miskito Coast.
Carton 13, Folder 38

Rolex Awards for Enterprise circa 1975

Carton 13, Folder 39

National Endowment for Democracy – La Nueva Alternativa – YATIMA – Proposal 1984-1985

Carton 13, Folder 40-47

Macarthur Foundation Grant Application/Proposals 1985-1994

Scope and Content Note

Includes a proposal to exchange Nicaraguan external debt…, letters of recommendation, and promoting peace through conservation.
Carton 13, Folder 48

Proposal – State and Nation Conflicts – Institute of International Studies April 1986

Carton 13, Folder 49

Classroom of the Future Proposal 1991-1992

Carton 13, Folder 50

Education Development Proposal 1992

Carton 13, Folder 51

Man and Biosphere Program 1992-1993

Carton 13, Folder 52-54

Pew Foundation/Pew Scholars Program in Conservation and the Environment 1992-1996

Carton 13, Folder 55

Aspen Institute 1993

Carton 13, Folder 56

Center for Latin American Studies “Biosphere and Development” Working Group Proposal 1993

Carton 13, Folder 57-58

Committee on Research (COR), UC Berkeley – Philippines-Indonesia, Computer Proposals 1993

Carton 13, Folder 59

Future Worlds – President’s Chair 1993

Carton 13, Folder 60

Institute of Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC) – Pacific Biodiversity and Environmental Security 1993

Carton 13, Folder 61

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) 1993

Carton 13, Folder 62

University Research Expedition Program (UREP) – Costa Rica 1996-1997

Carton 13, Folder 63-64

Pacific Rim Research Program – Rip Tides/Safety 1996-1998

Carton 13, Folder 65

Earthwatch – Road Kill 1998-1999

Carton 13, Folder 66

Tegan Churcher, National Science Foundation (NSF) Proposal 1999

box 2, Folder 10

United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations, including Drafting of a Body of Principles on Indigenous Rights 1984-1985

Carton 14, Folder 1-13

Miskito Coast Protected Area (MCPA) Project 1981, 1991-1994

Scope and Content Note

Files include Decree; Notebook; Mapping Project; Proposals; Reports; Agendas; Meetings; Papers; Laws and Regulations re: “Cayos Moskitos y Franja Costera Immediata”; Recursos Pesqueros; Situacíon Pesquera (IRENA); and IV Renunion de la Comision Nacional Interinstitucional del Proyecto "Cayos Miskitos" – Memoria.
Carton 14, Folder 14-16

Caribbean Conservation Corporation (CCC) 1992-1994

Scope and Content Note

Files re: Miskito Cays/Miskito Coast Protected Area Project and Divers’ Safety, including letters and reports.
Carton 14, Folder 17-18

World Wildlife Fund Letters and Reports, includes “Miskito Kupia” 1991-1993

Carton 14, Folder 20-21

MIKUPIA (“Miskito Heart”) 1989-1991

Carton 14, Folder 22

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Survival Commission 1991

Carton 14, Folder 23

Proyecto Regiones Fronterizas: Rio San Juan 1991

Carton 14, Folder 24-25

Endangered Divers – Study and Correspondence 1991-1996

Carton 14, Folder 26

Scuba Dive Seminar – Workshop (CCC) June 1992

Carton 14, Folder 27

Dive Safety Report circa 1992

Carton 14, Folder 28

Management of Marine Ecosystems in the Wider Caribbean Region 1992

Carton 14, Folder 29-30

Cayos Miskitos Reserva – Plan Preliminar de Manejo 1994-1995

Carton 14, Folder 31-36

Indian Law Resource Center and Mixed Correspondence 1993-1998

Scope and Content Note

Includes materials from and about the Miskito Coast Protected Area, Cayos Miskitos Reserve, Nietschmann's projects with William Alevizon, the Caribbean Conservation Corp., USAID, Nicaragua, and Comarca de Sandy Bay Tara.
Carton 14, Folder 37

Tortuguero Manatee Project, Costa Rica/Costa Rica Manatees (also Crocodiles), Manatee Sighting Reports, includes correspondence from Fran and Modesto Watson 1995-1999

Carton 14, Folder 38

Water Safety, includes Lifesaving, Surf Rescue, Fisherman Diver Project circa 1997-1998

Carton 14, Folder 39

NARC June 9 Meeting undated


Series 6. Course Materials 1956-1999, undated

Physical Description: Cartons 15-17; Box 2, folder 11

Scope and Content Note

Consists of teaching materials from classes at the University of Michigan and the University of California, Berkeley Includes course readers, exams, lectures and lecture handouts, materials about films, newspaper clippings, secondary sources, and syllabi. Folder titles were retained; and files are roughly grouped by course number. They often contained course materials from more than one class.
Carton 15, Folder 1-42

University of Michigan 1956-1978, undated

Scope and Content Note

The bulk of University of Michigan files are from Geography 154/306/406 – Middle America. Course topics include Puerto Rico, the Caribbean, social revolution in Guatemala, conquest and settlement, Hispanic culture, agricultural colonization in Costa Rica, the Mexican revolution and agrarian reform, culture and people in Mexico, El Salvador, ecology of subsistence in Nicaragua, ecological change in Panama and the tropics, Cuba before and after the revolution, and Chiquita banana and the United Fruit Company in Honduras. Other classes/lecture topics include The Future of Human Evolution, Future Worlds, Cultural Geography, Space Bubbles and the Time Spiral, Environmental Studies, the Last First American: Ishi, Endangered Species, and Cultural and Ecological Systems. There are also materials related to films Nietschmann showed in his classes.
Carton 15, Folder 43-71

Geography 4, University of California, Berkeley 1974-1992, undated

Scope and Content Note

Materials related to Geography 4, Introduction to Cultural and Historical Geography. Lecture topics include the movement and spread of people and their cultural baggage; early peoples and the development of culture; landscapes of the ancestors; money, markets and the Miskito; nations, states, worlds; hunters and gatherers and wildlife; environmental perceptions; environment as visible language; indigenous [resource] management; the geography of culture and enviroments; the turtle people and Sandinistas; Western Sahara; Pacific farewell, population, migration; evolution of agricultural systems; domestication and the human habitat; the third world; geography of colonialism and self-determination; ocean peoples/coral reefs; and WWII. There are also files on films Nietschmann showed in classes.
Carton 16, Folder 1-18, box 2, Folder 11

Geography 4, University of California, Berkeley 1987-1992, undated

Scope and Content Note

Topics include refugees; nuclear states and the Fourth World; Israel and Palestine; peoples and nations; war and the environment; the breakup of the Soviet Union; Nicaragua and Yapti Tasba; inventing geography, culture, and identity; WWII; how we preceive others; cultural adaptation to high and low islands in the South Pacific; population; between land and water – the Miskito.
Carton 16, Folder 19-29

Geography 30/133, University of California, Berkeley 1982-1999

Scope and Content Note

Materials related to Geography 30 and Geography 133, the Ocean World/Ocean People and Cultures.
Carton 16, Folder 30-55

Geography 100/211, University of California, Berkeley 1972-1992, undated

Scope and Content Note

Materials related to Geography 100/211, Principles of Cultural Geography. Topics include pastoral nomads; environmental perception; What is tradition?; modification and change in cultural and ecological systems: Eastern Nicaragua; sea life; social security; intrusion and take over; Western Sahara; Kurdastan and the Kurds; geography of indigenous peoples; the Fourth World; state-nation wars; land and territory; environmental knowledge of Pacific seafarers; and Amazonian cosmos.
Carton 16, Folder 56-57

Geography 133, University of California, Berkeley 1980-1993, undated

Scope and Content Note

Materials related to Geography 133, Seafaring People. Topics include peopling the Pacific; and traditional maritime knowledge.
Carton 17, Folder 1-36

Geography 133, University of California, Berkeley 1975-1999, undated

Scope and Content Note

Topics include Far Tortuga; reef management; laws of the sea; navigators of the Pacific; sea turtles; sea rights; Melanesean Island life; tides; the ocean; marine biota/island biota and environments; birth of an island; Micronesia; maritime adaptations in the Pacific; protecting coasts, islands, oceans; marine resources/management; corals; New Guinea; Indian Ocean; winds, waves; tourism in and settlement of the Caribbean; waters charted and islands discovered; coral reefs; and Caribbean piracy.
Carton 17, Folder 37-41

Geography 139, University of California, Berkeley 1978-1981, undated

Scope and Content Note

Materials related to Geography 139, Subsistence Hunting: Green Turtle Hunters of the Caribbean. Topics include Moskito hunting; green turtles; crocodiles, caimans, and alligators; and ocean islands/island biography.
Carton 17, Folder 42

Geography 149, Coral Reefs and Islands, University of California, Berkeley 1993-1997

Carton 17, Folder 43

Geography 198, Geography of Narcotics, Political Geography of the 21st Century, University of California, Berkeley 1990, undated

Carton 17, Folder 44

Geography 200 and Various Course Materials, University of Michigan and University of California, Berkeley 1971-1996

Carton 17, Folder 45-48

Geography 202, Seminar in Cultural and Human Geography, University of California, Berkeley 1980-1986

Scope and Content Note

Topics include states and nations.
Carton 17, Folder 49-51

Geography 204, University of California, Berkeley and Geography 211, University of Michigan, Geographic Field Research Seminars 1972-1999, undated

Carton 17, Folder 52-53

Geography 266, Caribbean Coral Reefs, University of California, Berkeley 1994-1998, undated

Carton 17, Folder 54-59

Exams for Geography 4, 100, 133, and 241, University of California, Berkeley 1974-1987

Carton 17, Folder 60-65

Miscellaneous, University of California, Berkeley 1985-1986

Scope and Content Note

Topics include environment/resources; the Geography of Cultural Survival; the History of Cultural Geography; a lecture on the Fourth World; and What Is Tradition?

Series 7. University of California Berkeley Administrative Materials 1970-2001

Physical Description: Carton 18, folders 1-19


Arranged roughly chronologically.

Scope and Content Note

Consists of materials related to Nietschmann's tenure at and service to the Department of Geography at the University of California, Berkeley. Includes biographical and personnel materials, grant applications, material celebrating the Geography Department's centennial, and an eulogy.
Carton 18, Folder 1-5

Curriculum Vitae, Resumes, Biographical Information, Bio-Bibliographies circa 1970-2000

Carton 18, Folder 6

Notes, Addresses, Messages 1973-2001, undated

Carton 18, Folder 7-9

Berkeley: Job Info, etc.; Job Promotion, Merit Review/Departmental Personnel Docs 1975-1994

Carton 18, Folder 10

Memos and Correspondence 1977-1998

Carton 18, Folder 11-13

Previous Grant Applications, Grant-in-Aid Research, Latin American Studies Grant 1983-1987

Carton 18, Folder 14

Articles about Nietschmann 1984-1994

Carton 18, Folder 15

Computers at Geo 1986-1987

Carton 18, Folder 16

Correspondence about Grants and Mentorship 1991-1993

Carton 18, Folder 17-18

100 Years of Geography at Berkeley 1998

Carton 18, Folder 19

Requiem for a Friend: Bernard Q. Nietschmann (1941-2000), by W. George Lovell 2000


Series 8. Personalia and Biographical Material 1961-2000, undated

Physical Description: Carton 18, folders 20-36


Arranged roughly chronologically.

Scope and Contents

Consists of schoolwork and personal documents.
Carton 18, Folder 20-30

Student Transcripts, Papers/Coursework at the University of Wisconsin and the University of California, Los Angeles 1961-1968, undated

Carton 18, Folder 31

Statement of Periods of Physical Presence in the U.S., Class Reunion 1989-1999

Carton 18, Folder 32

James Jerome Parsons Memorial 1995-1997

Carton 18, Folder 33

Get Well Card/Revolutionary Turtle Council 1997, undated

Carton 18, Folder 34

Death 2000

Carton 18, Folder 35

Calendar/Diary undated

Carton 18, Folder 36

Quinn, Elisabeth – Poetry and Stories (Nietschmann’s mother) undated


Series 9. Drawings, Maps, and Posters circa 1959-1996, undated

Physical Description: Box 1; Oversize folders 1-21; Roll 1


Original order was maintained.

Scope and Contents

Includes annotated maps, tracings, and drawings, as well as political posters. Dates may refer to the annotations on the maps rather than their year of publication.
box 1, Folder 1

El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Proyección Pelicónica 1987, undated

box 1, Folder 2

Includes Route Taken to Retrace Squiers’ 19th Century Trip; Indian-Sandinista Conflict; Hawskbill Tag Recoveries; The Fourth World circa 1971-1985, undated

box 1, Folder 3

Anti-Sandinista Groups; Miskito Mapika undated

box 1, Folder 4

Agricultural and Geo-Economic Maps 1959-1961, undated

Scope and Content Note

Maps of: Ganado Asnal, 1959; Frutales Tropicales, 1961 (2); Cultivos Tropicales, 1961; Hortalizas, 1961: Forrajeras Alfalfa, 1961; Leguminosas, 1961 (2); Tuberculos, 1961; Ganado Porcino, 1959; Oleaginosas, 1961; Fibras, 1961; Frutales Templados, 1961; Cultivos de Tipo Mediterraneo, 1961; Ganado Bovino, 1959; Otros Cultivos, 1961; Aguacate, 1961; Ganado Ovino, 1959; Cereales, 1961 (2); Ganado Mular, 1959; Tabaco, 1961; Mapa de Suelos de Mexico, undated; Localidades de 10000 o Mas Hapitantes en las Zonoas Geoeconomicas Censo 1940 and 1960; Ganado Caprino, 1959; Ganado Caballar, 1959
box 1, Folder 5

Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Trinidad

Scope and Content Note

It's not clear when these were annotated.
box 1, Folder 6

Includes Maps of Mexico, Costa Rica, Belize circa 1987

box 1, Folder 7

Includes Tasbapauni; Western Caribbean; Miskito Coast; Maya Land Use in Southern Belize; Materials re: Maya Cartographers Visit 1996, undated

box 1, Folder 8

Annotated Map of Costa Rica undated

box 1, Folder 9

Hand Outs re: Miskito Nation; Fronteras Nicaragua y Costa Rica circa 1990-1995

box 1, Folder 10

The Third World War; Overlapping Environmental Change/Human Society “Hot Spots”; Nuclear States Bomb Fourth World Nations; U.S. Military Invasion of the Shoshone Nation circa 1987

box 1, Folder 11

Includes Miskito, Sumo, and Rama Nations and Resources; Maps re: the Effects of Sandinista-Indian Conflicts; Squires’ Route Retraced; Central America; Western Caribbean circa 1986-1987

box 1, Folder 12

John Cotter Illustrations, Mesoamérica Article, and Other Illustrated Maps re: the Miskito Coast, including the Lobster Connection circa 1986-1995

oversize_folder 1A

Drawings of Mayans by Marcello Cho circa 1996

oversize_folder 2A

Political Posters and Posters from Cultural Events 1985, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes “This Mother Wears Combat Boots”; “Felicidades Mama” poster; posters from Ministerio de Cultura, Nicaragua; Unión Nacional de Organízaciones Regionales Campesinos Automomas (UNORCA); FSLN Propaganga Poster; and a signed poster from El Salvadorean artist Isaias Mata.
oversize_folder 3A

Political Posters and Posters from Cultural Events from Mexico and Nicaragua 1979-1986, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes celebration of 8th annual International Women’s Day, and Unión Nacional de Agricultores y Ganderos (Nicaragua). There are a few duplicates.
oversize_folder 4B

Posters from Cultural Events, Political Posters, and Maps circa 1980-1984, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes Sandinistas, from Nicaragua and Mexico; Map – Distribucion Geografica de la lucha anti-imperialista del General Sandino; events re: Nicaraguan poet Ruben Dario; Xilonem I Feria Nicaraguense del Maiz (event); Poetry Festivals; Daniel Ortega poster (FSLN)
oversize_folder 5B

Posters from Cultural Events and Political Posters from Cuba, Mexico, and Nicaragua circa 1973-1985

Scope and Content Note

Includes Mártires de Solentiname; Murieron para vivir en todos (Nicaragua); Amílcar Cabral (Bisseau-Guinean and Cape Verdean revolutionary – one of Africa’s foremost anti-Colonialists); and celebration of the 66th anniversary of Emiliano Zapato’s murder
oversize_folder 6B

Posters from Cultural Events and Political Posters undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes Suave Patria – Ramón Lopez Velarde (Poet); Misa Campesino Nicaraguense – Carlos Mejía Godoy (Nicaraguan singer, musician); Armed forces of Chile; lo nuestro…por supuesto, La Piñata: feria de comprasnicas; photo exhibit of the East Coast of Nicaragua; FSLN posters (“Voto por la Paz, Voto por FSLN, jamás hubo tanta patria en un corazón”)
oversize_folder 7A

Miscellaneous Maps, Some Annotated or Hand-Colored circa 1964-1996

Scope and Content Note

Includes the Western Caribbean; Nicaragua-Costa Rica Borderland; War in the Rio San Juan; Mayan Communities in the Toledo District [of Belize]; Nicaragua Canal Proposals; and San Miguel Island
oversize_folder 8B

Miscellaneous Maps, Some Annotated/Hand-Drawn undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes Rio Coco (Nicaragua) – Areas de Suji, Lalakapisa, Mocorin, Saupuka; Mexico (Tinacal de la ex-Hacienda de Ocotepec…); hand-drawn map of Bluefields (Nicaragua); Hacienda de Santíago Tetlapayac (annotated)
oversize_folder 9B

Belize and Nicaragua Maps undated

Scope and Content Note

Tomoi (Nicaragua); Toledo District Indian Reservations (Belize)
oversize_folder 10B

Nicaragua Maps circa 1966-1985

Scope and Content Note

Indian refugee and relocation camps; destruction of Indian communities; conflicts with Sandinistas; United Nations maps; aerial maps; Tasbapauni migration; Rama, Sumo, and Miskito Nations; includes some duplicates
oversize_folder 11C-15C

Nicaraguan Village Maps 1996, undated

oversize_folder 16C

Nicaraguan Maps undated

Scope and Content Note

Mostly drawn by Nietschmann, with a few published maps, including one of the Miskito Coast
oversize_folder 17C

Turtle, Wildlife, and War Maps, Drawn by Nietschmann; Published Map – Miskito Mapka 1994, undated

oversize_folder 18C

Hand-Drawn Political Poster, “Live and Let’s Live” undated

oversize_folder 19C

Belize Maps, including Maya Land Use in Southern Belize undated

oversize_folder 20C

Washington State Maps Includes One Hand-Drawn with Sites of Indian Tribes/Sites of Interest re: Tribes 1974-1976, undated

Scope and Content Note

Includes one hand drawn with sites of Indian tribes/sites of interest re: tribes.
oversize_folder 21A

Maps and Posters 1985, undated

Scope and Content Note

Maps include Indian-Sandinista Conflicts; and Miskito, Sumo, and Rama Nations. Posters include This Mother Wears Combat Boots, Americans For Freedom, Inc. (duplicate); and Peligro – No consuma heuvo de Tortuga (Secretaria de Industria y Comercio y Subsecretaria de Pesca)
roll 1

Maps of Nicaragua (3) and Belize (1) undated

Carton 19

Series 10. Audiovisual Materials 1983-1999, undated

Physical Description: Carton 19

Scope and Contents

Includes Nicaragua East Coast Audiotapes, and other recordings related to the Miskito Indians, and their struggle for autonomy (16 audiotapes, 1983-1984, 1997). There are oral histories, press conferences/meetings, and songs. People recorded include Brooklyn Rivera.
There are 7 other audiotapes from March-May 1985. These appear to be about the peace treaty negotiations between the MISURASATA and the Sandinistas in Bogota. Topics (taken fromn tape labels) include BR [Brooklyn Rivera?] press statement; Bogota/Indian Meeting; Russel Means-BR Interview/BR-History of Miskito Struggle; Bogota II - Misurata Indian meeting, Julian Holmes meeting, Armstrong [Wiggins]; Mexico City - Brooklyn Rivera recap of FSLM-M discussion; and Berkeley - Norman Bent at UC Berkeley Law School.
There are 16 videotapes (2 Betamax, 2 Umatic, and 12 VHS). These are labeled as follows: 700 Club, 1984; ARDE/MISURASATA, undated; Spirit of Uncle Edward (see also Torres Strait islanders) from the Australian series, Living North, 1983; Broken Treaty - Battle Mountain, undated; [Ido Club] or [Newt], Episode Club 038-4 D396, 1984; Berkeley Meeting, with Robert Izdepski, Johnny Gringo Production, Aquaventures, Oakland, 1999; Bernard Nietschmann interviewed by David Stoddard about his geography career, 1999; Miskito Divers, Honduras, Bob Izdepski SOS, 1995; Barney/Jaime Incer, Violeta, [Slibama] Lila, undated; [Ru] Watson y Barney [Bi/wl], undated; Underwater - includes Eddie Lobester, Flight to Port, Walter, River, burned cleaning, Ralph Washington Reads, lagoon, war story, aeorpuerto Managua a Bilwi y como nidado, undated; Mr. Acal and the Maya Band at the Butterfly, undated; Footage from Rama Cay - Willing Cay River - Jerry Mueller, 1999; KISAN, undated; Belize//TMCC/GeoMap (Dr. N at Boat House/Intro to Map lecture/Tim Plays the north coast of Cali), 1997; and NGS Miskito Cays Research U/W, 1993.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Access to audio-visual materials may be restricted due to technical limitations.