The Artifact Collection contains a wide range of objects related to the history of Ames, dated from approximately 1939 to
2009. This is an artificial collection comprised of items donated by many different organizational units and individuals associated
with NACA, NASA, and Ames.
NASA Ames Research Center (Ames, NASA Ames, and ARC), originally called Ames Aeronautical Laboratory (AAL), is the second
oldest of NASA's ten field installations after Langley Research Center. Ames formed in 1939 by NASA's precursor organization,
the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA, pronounced en ay see ay), which was created by an act of Congress on
March 3, 1915 "to supervise and direct the scientific study of the problems of flight with a view to their practical solution,
and to determine the problems which should be experimentally attacked, and to discuss their solution and their application
to practical questions" (Public Law 271, 1915).