Overview of the Collection
Arrangement of Materials:
Scope and Contents
Overview of the Collection
Collection Title: California Federation of Teachers
California Federation of Teachers
35.93 linear feet
Language of Materials:
Abstract: The California Federation of Teachers
Collection includes the papers former CFT officials Raoul Teilhet, Regional Director,
CFT Southern Section; Ben Rust, CFT President 1951-1957; and Ralph Schloming, CFT
Executive Secretary 1959-1965. The collection consists primarily of administrative and
organizational records that document the activities of the union from 1941 to 1986, as
well as major legislative issues and general subject matters affecting
The finding aid for this collection was updated in January 2005, in part under a
generous gift from the J. Paul Getty Trust.
The California Federation of Teachers (CFT) is one of the largest affiliates of the
American Federation of Teachers (AFT), one of two major national organizations for the
classroom teacher. Effective lobbying efforts in the state capital have made the CFT an
important factor in the passage of many educational reform measures as initiatives. The
roots of the organization reach back to 1919 when it was founded as the California State
Federation of Teachers (CSFT). Its initial purpose was to unify the various educational
union locals under AFT aegis to represent teacher interests within local school
districts and to provide a central collective voice for classroom teachers throughout
In the 1940's, Los Angeles Local 430 became the largest CSFT unit. During the Red
Scare of the late 1940's and early 1950's, Local 430 was suspected of
harboring Communists. When the AFT investigation disclosed there were
"radical" elements among the local's leadership, Local 430's charter
was revoked and a new affiliate formed. The union gained momentum in the 1950's
under the leadership of Ben Rust, who served as president from 1951 to 1957. CSFT paid
legal fees and sponsored court cases for teachers who came into conflict with local
school systems. CSFT advocated passage of the Brown Act of 1961, which gave public
employees the right to join employee organizations of their own choosing. The union thus
gained a legal right to exist and to challenge the supremacy of their rival, the CTA.
Consequently, CSFT reorganized and by December 1963 changed its name to the California
Federation of Teachers (CFT).
A hallmark of the CFT has been its close affiliation with organized labor since its
founding. Aided by funds from the AFL-CIO, scores of locals were chartered throughout
the 1960s and new members enrolled by the thousands. Beginning in 1968, CFT President
Raoul Teilhet (elected in 1967) spearheaded the final drive to win collective bargaining
in California. This led to the passage of the Rodda Act of 1976, which granted secret
ballot elections for teacher representation in public school grades K through 14.
This Collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Genre/Form of Material:
Collective bargaining -- Teachers
Educational law and legislation
Teachers -- Certification
Teachers -- Civil rights
Teachers -- Pensions
Teachers -- Salaries, etc.
Teachers' unions --
1981, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1991, 2001
Robert G. Marshall, Elda I. Arrieta, Julie Ann Parulo; 1992
Conditions Governing Use:
Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s)
of this collection has not been transferred to California State University,
Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or
reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond
that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners.
Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of
the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.
Conditions Governing Access:
The collection is open for research use.
For information about citing items in this collection consult the appropriate style
manual, or see the
Citing Archival Materials
Arrangement of Materials:
Series I: Raoul Teilhet Papers, 1941-1985
Subseries A: Administrative Files, 1941-1983
Subseries B: Records of Conferences and Conventions, 1955-1983
Subseries 1: AFT Annual Conventions, 1957-1983
Subseries 2: CFT Annual Conventions, 1955-1976
Subseries C: Correspondence Files, 1945-1985
Subseries 1: AFT Correspondence, 1945-1984
Subseries 2: CFT Locals' Correspondence, 1962-1984
Subseries 3: CFT Officers' Correspondence, 1954-1985
Subseries 4: CFT Legal Correspondence, 1954-1984
Subseries 5: Correspondence on Higher Education, AFT, CFT, and other,
Subseries D: Financial Records, 1951-1973
Subseries E: Legal/Legislative Files, 1949-1984
Subseries 1: Legal Documents, 1950-1977
Subseries 2: Legislation/Assembly and Senate, 1950-1981
Subseries 3: Legal/Legislative Reference Files, 1949-1984
Subseries F: Minutes and Agendas, 1945-1985
Subseries G: Publications, 1947-1985
Subseries 1: AFT Articles/newsletters, 1968-1970
Subseries 2: AFT Pamphlets, 1962-1982
Subseries 3: CFT Articles/Newsletters, 1948-1984
Subseries 4: newsletters of Local Districts, 1947-1985
Subseries 5: Non-AFT/CFT Articles, 1954-1970
Subseries 6: Non-AFT/CFT Newsletters and Pamphlets, 1954-1981
Subseries 7: Newspaper Clipping files, 1951-1985
Subseries 8: Oversize Publications, 1954-1985
Subseries H: Subject Reference Files, 1947-1983
Subseries I: Non-Manuscript Material, 1972, 1978
Series II: Ben Rust Papers, 1951-1969
Subseries A: Journals of Ben Rust, 1951-1958
Subseries B: Publications and Writings, 1954-1969
Subseries C: Speeches of Ben Rust, 1952-1959
Series III: Ralph Schloming Papers, 1952-1977
Subseries A: the CFT Files of Ralph Schloming, 1952-1972
Subseries 1: Administrative Files, 1953-1965
Subseries 2: Correspondence Files, 1952-1970
Subseries 3: Records of the Executive Committee, 1955-1972
Subseries 4: CFT Printed Materials, 1951-1971
Subseries 5: Subject Files, 1954-1971
Subseries B: The UPA Files of Ralph Schloming, 1966-1977
Subseries 1: Subject Files, 1966-1977
Subseries 2: Operation PEP (Preparing Educational Planners), 1968-1970
Scope and Contents
The California Federation of Teachers Collection includes the papers of former CFT
officials Raoul Teilhet, Regional Director, CFT Southern Section; Ben Rust, CFT
President 1951-1957; and Ralph Schloming, CFT Executive Secretary 1959-1965. The
collection consists primarily of administrative and organizational records that document
the activities of the union from 1941 to 1986, as well as major legislative issues and
general subject matters affecting education. Materials in the collection include
administrative records, correspondence, constitutions and by-laws, committee and officer
reports, platform and position papers, policy statements, press releases, publications,
resolutions, membership records, proceedings of annual conventions, court transcripts,
and publications. The collection is arranged in three series: Raoul Teilhet Papers
(1941-1985), Ben Rust Papers (1951-1972), and Ralph Schloming Papers (1952-1972).
Series I, Raoul Teilhet Papers, are arranged in nine subseries.
Subseries A, Administrative Files (1941-1983), contains organizational records of the
CFT Southern regional office including constitutions and by-laws, committee and officer
reports, membership records, statements of policies, platforms and positions, press
releases, and resolutions.
Subseries B, Records of Conferences and Conventions (1955-1983), are divided into two
subseries, AFT Annual Conventions (1957-1983) and CFT Annual Conventions (1955-1976).
Each of these subseries contains agendas, constitutions and amendments, reports,
resolutions and similar records documenting the activities of national meetings.
Subseries C, Correspondence Files (1945-1985), is divided into five subseries, each
housing correspondence of AFT and CFT Locals. Materials in the subseries include
departmental letters, correspondence with AFT national organization, CFT officers'
correspondence, letters and opinions from CFT legal counsel regarding cases directly
affecting California's teaching profession, and correspondence files pertaining to
higher education in California.
Subseries D, Financial Records (1951-1973), contains budget proposals and reports,
income and expense statements and summaries, grant and funding applications, policies
and procedures, tax information and related financial information.
Subseries E, Legal/Legislative Files (1949-1984), is divided into three subseries: Legal
Documents (1950-1977), Legislation/Assembly and Senate (1950-1981), and
Legal/Legislative Reference Files (1949-1984). The subseries contain records for
collective bargaining agreements, merger agreements, and court cases for individual
teachers or locals, CFT positions regarding state legislative actions, legislative
opinions, proposals, reports and summaries, transcripts, legislative correspondence,
court orders, petitions, and related legal and legislative files.
Subseries F, Minutes and Agendas (1945-1985), contains minutes and agendas for AFT and
CFT locals, CFT Executive Committee and Council, and several special issue oriented
committees and task forces.
Subseries G, Publications (1947-1985), is comprised of teacher union and
education-oriented articles, newspapers, newsletters and journals. The series also
contains a newspaper clipping file. The subseries is further divided into seven
subseries, each housing pamphlets or articles and newsletters pertaining to the AFT, CFT
and/or specific locals. Oversize publications have been moved to the end of the
Subseries H, Subject Reference Files (1947-1983), contains articles, directories,
flyers, minutes, newsletters, press releases, proposals, speeches, summaries and related
documents covering a wide variety of topics and organizational affiliations of the CFT.
Of particular interest are the files documenting academic freedom, certification,
collective bargaining elections, desegregation, grievance policies, public school
financing, salaries and teacher training.
Subseries I, Non-Manuscript Materials (1972, 1978), consists audio-tapes of CFT
conferences, speeches, and personal background information on several of the union
leaders as well as photographs. Files in this series are arranged alphabetically and
Series II, Ben Rust Papers, is divided into three subseries. Subseries A, Journals of
Ben Rust (1951-1958), contains journals kept by Ben Rust during his tenure as CFT
President from 1951-1957. Subseries B, Publications and Writings (1954-1969), consists
of published and unpublished books and pamphlets written by Rust. Subseries C, Speeches
of Ben Rust (1952-1959), houses copies of speeches Rust gave at CFT conventions and
other meetings during his tenure as CFT President. Files in Publications and Writings
are arranged alphabetically by title, all other files are arranged chronologically.
Series III, Ralph Schloming Papers, contains records pertaining to all aspects of
administration of the CFT. Schloming served as Executive Secretary for the Southern
Section of the CFT from 1959 to 1965. Some materials pertain to periods before and after
Schloming was in office. The series also includes papers generated during
Schloming's tenure as the president of the educational consulting firm Urban
Planning Associates. Of particular significance is documentation on Community School
Programs and Preparing Educational Planners (Operation PEP). The files include articles,
correspondence, brochures, newspaper clippings, notes, plans and published guidelines
and reports. This series is arranged into two subseries.
Subseries A, CFT Files of Ralph Schloming (1952-1972), is divided into five subseries.
Administrative Files (1953-1965) contains budget information, charters, constitutions
and by-laws, contracts and agreements, correspondence, newsletters and procedure
manuals. Correspondence Files (1952-1970) consists of AFT and CFT general correspondence
files, as well as records of committees, locals and executive officers. The files also
include Schloming's correspondence files after he left his position as executive
secretary. Records of the Executive Committee (1955-1972) contain constitutions and
amendments, convention voting records, correspondence, financial records, legislative
information, minutes and agendas, policy statements, proposals, reports and resolutions.
CFT Printed Materials (1951-1971) includes newspaper clippings, magazine articles,
newsletters and pamphlets, reports, speeches and statements. Subject Files (1954-1971)
includes materials on collective bargaining, credentialing of teachers, higher
education, and politics in education. The files in this subseries are arranged
alphabetically and chronologically within.
Subseries B, UPA Files of Ralph Schloming (1966-1977), is divided into two subseries:
Subject Files (1966-1977) contains articles, correspondence, notes, reports and related
research material documenting the activities, consulting and educational interests of
Urban Planning Associates, and Operation PEP (Preparing Educational Planners)
(1968-1970) contains a series of publications prepared by Urban Planning Associates. The
PEP project, and Elementary and Secondary Education Act [ESEA] Title III program
produced a total of twenty-four publications on educational management and system
techniques. Files in this series are arranged alphabetically and chronologically