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Finding Aid to The Story of Candalaria: The Old Indian Basket Maker MS.762
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Collection Details
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  • Biographical note
  • Biographical note
  • Scope and Contents
  • Preferred citation
  • Processing history
  • Acquisition
  • Use
  • Access

  • Title: The Story of Candalaria (sic): The Old Indian Basket Maker
    Identifier/Call Number: MS.762
    Contributing Institution: Autry National Center, Braun Research Library
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 0.1 linear feet (1 folder)
    Date: 1955
    Abstract: This file contains a typed manuscript entitled "The Story of Candalaria (sic): the Old Indian Basket Maker, as told by her to George Henley and Dr. Bizzel of the Sespe in 1914." This is a copy made in 1955.
    creator: Henley, George

    Biographical note

    Candelaria Valenzuela (circa 1847-1917) was born circa 1847 on Lord’s Creek, north of the Sespe railroad station, near today’s Fillmore, Ventura County, California. She was a member of the Sespe Chumash. In her early life she lived the San Buenaventura Mission. She died in 1915 or 1917, apparently from burns sustained during a fire on Nick Peiranoa's ranch (now the northern part of Lake Casitas) and died shortly after. Candelaria and her husband lived and worked on the Peirano ranch. According to the information in Native American Basketry of Southern California at her death at age 79, she was the last living Chumash basketmaker. A number of her baskets are also in the Ventura Country Historical Museum.

    Biographical note

    George Henley recorded information from and about a Chumash woman, Candelaria Valenzuela, in Ventura County, Calif. in 1912 and 1914. The sound recordings were preserved in 1973 at the Library of Congress. In the collection documentation Henley's name appears as George A. Henley, George J. Henley, and Geo. Henley.

    Scope and Contents

    This file contains a typed manuscript entitled "The Story of Candalaria (sic): the Old Indian Basket Maker, as told by her to George Henley and Dr. Bizzel of the Sespe in 1914." This copy was copied from a typewritten manuscript in the possession of Mr. Charles F. Outland, Santa Paula, California, 1955. Note on the housing envelope states: See Ventura County Historical Society "Briefs," Dec 1900.

    Preferred citation

    The Story of Candalaria: The Old Indian Basket Maker, 1955, Braun Research Library Collection, Autry National Center, Los Angeles; MS.762.

    Processing history

    Processed by Library staff before 1981. Finding aid completed by Holly Rose Larson, NHPRC Processing Archivist, 2012 December 5, made possible through grant funding from the National Historical Publications and Records Commissions (NHPRC).


    Donated by C. F. Outland, 1956 February.


    Copyright has not been assigned to the Autry National Center. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Autry Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Autry National Center as the custodian of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the reader.


    Collection is open for research. Appointments to view materials are required. To make an appointment please visit http://theautry.org/research/research-rules-and-application or contact library staff at rroom@theautry.org.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Outland, Charles F.
    Valenzuela, Candelaria, circa 1847-1915
    Chumash Indians
    Indian baskets
    Indian women -- California
    Indian women basket makers
    Indians of North America -- California
    Sespe Chumash Indians
    Ventura County (Calif.)