Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Hong Family Papers: Finding Aid
mssHong Family papers  
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (263.16 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Overview of the Collection
  • Access
  • Administrative Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Related Materials in the Huntington Library
  • Scope and Content
  • Arrangement
  • Indexing Terms
  • Additional Creators and Subjects

  • Overview of the Collection

    Title: Hong Family Papers
    Dates (inclusive): 1764-2006
    Bulk dates: 1906-2006
    Collection Number: mssHong Family papers
    Creator: Hong (Family)
    Extent: 350 boxes (336 Hollinger boxes and 14 oversize boxes)
    Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
    1151 Oxford Road
    San Marino, California 91108
    Phone: (626) 405-2129
    Email: reference@huntington.org
    URL: http://www.huntington.org
    Abstract: This collection contains the papers and photographs of the Hong family, a family of prominent Chinese-American community leaders in Los Angeles, California, specifically focused on the papers and photographs of immigration lawyer You Chung Hong (1898-1977), his wife, Mabel Hong (1907-1998) and their two sons, lawyer Nowland C. Hong (born 1934) and architect Roger S. Hong (1941-2006).
    Language: English.


    Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

    Administrative Information

    Publication Rights

    The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item]. Hong Family Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.


    Gift of Roger S. Hong on June 26, 2006.

    Biographical Note

    You Chung Hong (May 4, 1898 - November 8, 1977) was a prominent Chinese American immigration lawyer based in Los Angeles, California. He was one of the first Chinese Americans to pass, in 1923, the California State Bar exam. Born in San Francisco, California, in 1898, Y. C. was the son of a restaurant owner based in Daggett, California. He was raised in San Francisco by his mother after his father passed away when Y. C. was five years old. After graduating from high school, Y. C. settled briefly in Boston, Massachusetts, before returning to Los Angeles to work for the U.S. Immigration Service as an interpreter from 1918 to 1927 for court cases involving Chinese applicants for admission into the U.S. During the early 1920s, while working full-time for the U.S. Immigration Bureau, Y. C. enrolled in night classes at the University of Southern California School of Law. He earned his LL.B. in 1924 and LL.M. in 1925. From that point on, Y. C. became an active and successful immigration attorney by advocating for the right of Chinese Americans to bring their Chinese wives to the U.S. and pushing for the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Acts. He was one of the key members testifying on behalf of the Chinese American Citizens Alliance before the Senate and House Immigration Committees in 1928 in Washington D.C. He testified in 1952 before a hearing of President Truman’s Commission on Immigration and Naturalization. He served two terms as Grand President of the Chinese American Citizens Alliance (1949-1953), 14 terms as President of CACA’s Los Angeles Lodge (1926-1949), and Chairman of the Chinese Times Publishing Company. In addition to his accomplishments in the legal field, Y. C. was also one of the founding members of Los Angeles New Chinatown (1938). He was married to Mabel Hong, and together they had two sons, Nowland and Roger.
    Mabel Hong (May 31, 1907 - April 30, 1998) was also an active community leader in the Los Angeles area. Born May 31, 1907, in Portland, Oregon, Mabel was one of the earliest Chinese American women to receive a college education in the state of Oregon. She married You Chung Hong in 1931. In addition to her duties as a homemaker of a large extended family, Mabel served in leadership roles in the Chinatown chapter of the American Women’s Volunteer Services during World War II, the Chinese Women’s Club of Los Angeles, and the Kuun Ying Club. She was a major influence in the design of the three New Chinatown buildings that were commissioned by You Chung Hong.
    Nowland C. Hong (born December 7, 1934) was the first of two sons of Y. C. and Mabel. He graduated from Pomona College in 1956 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. He then went on to study law at the University of Southern California School of Law, earning his Juris Doctor degree in 1960 and passed the California State Bar exam in 1961. In the same year he was appointed Deputy City Attorney of Los Angeles by then City Attorney Roger Arnebergh. Nowland also served as the Chief General Counsel for the Board of Harbor Commissioners of the city of Los Angeles. Nowland is currently (2010) a senior partner for a private law firm. In addition to professional duties as a lawyer, Nowland was one of the founding members and president for two terms of the Southern California Chinese Lawyers Association and Grand President of the Chinese American Citizens Alliance.
    Roger S. Hong (September 23, 1941 - October 27, 2006) was the youngest son of Y. C. and Mabel. He earned his Bachelor of Architecture degree from the University of Southern California in 1965, followed by a Master of Science degree in City and Regional Planning in 1968. He was certified in many states, including California, to practice as a licensed architect. Some of his notable architectural projects include the expansion of the California Exposition and State Fair (Sacramento, CA), Thomas and Mack Center (Las Vegas, NV), the United Bank headquarter (Los Angeles, CA), Kunlun Hotel (Beijing, China), Hotel Nikko (Beverly Hills, CA), the Hong Residence (Los Angeles, CA), Chieh Shou Sports Park (Taipei, Taiwan), Kaiser Richmond Medical Center (Richmond, CA), and various buildings and facilities in and around the Los Angeles Chinatown area. After he co-founded the architectural firm Arechaederra Hong Treiman Architects in the late 1970s, Roger retired from architecture in early 1990s and devoted himself to preserving the Hong family history, the restoration and preservation of Los Angeles Chinatown, and various charitable causes.

    Alternative Form of Materials Available

    Visit the Huntington Digital Library   to view a selection of digitized materials from this collection.

    Related Materials in the Huntington Library

    Scope and Content

    This collection contains the papers and photographs of the Hong family, a family of prominent Chinese-American community leaders in Los Angeles, California, specifically focused on the papers and photographs of immigration lawyer You Chung Hong (1898-1977), his wife, Mabel Hong (1907-1998) and their two sons, lawyer Nowland C. Hong (born 1934) and architect Roger S. Hong (1941-2006).
    The papers and photographs are arranged according to creator, followed by ephemera and oversize materials.
    • You Chung Hong Series (61 boxes)
    • Mabel Hong Paper Series (35 boxes)
    • Nowland C. Hong Paper Series (14 boxes)
    • Roger S. Hong Paper Series (79 boxes)
    • Ephemera (143 boxes)
    • Oversize (18 boxes)
    Within each series of papers there are subseries chiefly consisting of the following record types:
    Business files consisting of records of each creator’s professional papers, including business correspondence. You Chung Hong’s business files include papers related to his law office operations, business financial records, correspondence, logs, client lists, visitors’ books, leases, deeds, writings, and receipts. Roger S. Hong’s business files include architectural project files, biographies, certificates, correspondence, notes, and resumes.
    Chinatown files reflecting each creator’s involvement in the Los Angeles Chinatown community, such as papers related to commercial development, community festivals and events, correspondence, feasibility studies, photos, newspaper clippings, architectural records, financial records, insurance records, property records, menus, and specifications.
    Chinese American Citizens Alliance (CACA) files reflecting each creator’s involvement and participation in the organization. Also included are proceedings from CACA’s biennial national conventions dating from 1912 to 2003.
    Education files reflecting each creator’s educational background, including but not limited to their secondary and post-secondary education files. Lecture notes figure prominently in this sub series.
    Personal files including records related to each creator’s personal life, such as correspondence, book catalogs, funeral books, birth certificates, death certificates, passports, photos, notebooks, speeches, writings, and investment records.
    Political and Community Activities files reflecting each creator’s participation within his or her community and political organizations, such as political fund raising, war finance drives, various societies and clubs, student organizations, women’s organizations, religious organizations, war relief organizations, and election committees.
    Additional textual files containing additional paper files that were housed separately due to processing constraints but typically correspond intellectually to the subseries above.


    Hong Family Papers

    The Hong family papers are organized into six series with sets of subseries:
    • You Chung Hong (61 boxes)
      • 1. Business files (Boxes Y01–Y09)
      • 2. Chinatown (Boxes Y10–Y13)
      • 3. Chinese American Citizens Alliance (Boxes Y14–Y27)
      • 4. Education (Boxes Y28–Y29)
      • *Boxes Y30-Y36 have been removed and placed in the Hong legal papers*
      • 5. Personal files (Boxes Y37–Y42)
      • 6. Political/Community activities (Boxes Y43–Y46)
      • 7. Photographic files (Boxes 1–16b)
      • 8. Additional textual files (Boxes 17–20)
    • Mabel Hong (35 boxes)
      • 1. Education (Boxes M01–M09)
      • 2. Personal files (Boxes M10–M19)
      • 3. Political/Community activities (Boxes M20–M29)
      • 4. Photographic files (Box 21–23c)
      • 5. Additional textual files (Box 24)
    • Nowland C. Hong (14 boxes)
      • 1. Chinese American Citizens Alliance (Box N01)
      • 2. Personal files (Boxes N02–N07)
      • 3. Political/Community activities (Box N08)
      • 4. Photographic files (Boxes 25–29)
      • 5. Additional textual files (Box 30)
    • Roger S. Hong (79 boxes)
      • 1. Business files (Boxes R01–R08)
      • 2. Chinatown (Boxes R09–R15)
      • 3. Education (Boxes R16–R18)
      • 4. Personal files (Boxes R19–R26)
      • 5. Political/Community activities (Boxes R27–R28)
      • 6. Photographic files (Boxes 31-72)
      • 7. Additional textual files (Boxes 73-80a)
    • Ephemera (Boxes E001–E143)
    • Oversize (Boxes F01–F16 and 81–82)

    Indexing Terms

    The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  


    Hong family.
    Hong, Mabel, 1907-1998 -- Archives.
    Hong, Nowland C., 1934- -- Archives.
    Hong, Roger S., 1941-2006 -- Archives.
    Hong, You Chung, 1898-1977 -- Archives.
    Chinese American Citizens Alliance.
    Chinese Americans -- Societies, etc.
    Chinese Americans -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archives.
    Emigration and immigration law -- United States.
    Immigration advocates -- California.
    Lawyers -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archives.
    World War, 1939-1945 -- Chinese Americans.
    California -- History -- 20th century -- Sources.
    Chinatown (Los Angeles, Calif.)
    Los Angeles (Calif.)
    San Francisco (Calif.)


    Financial records.
    Letters (correspondence) China 20th century.
    Letters (correspondence) United States 20th century.
    Personal papers United States 20th century.
    Photographs 20th century.
    Professional papers United States 20th century.

    Alternate Authors

    Hong, Mabel, 1907-1998.
    Hong, Nowland C., 1934-
    Hong, Roger S., 1941-2006.
    Hong, You Chung, 1898-1977.

    Additional Creators and Subjects

    This list is not meant to be all-inclusive but to represent the people and subjects that are most prevalent in the collection. Many people and subjects in the collection will not be on this list.


    • Hong, You Chung, 1898-1977
    • Hong, Mabel, 1907-1998
    • Hong, Nowland C., 1934-
    • Hong, Roger S., 1941-2006
    • American Bureau for Medical Aid to China
    • American Council for Nationalities Service
    • American Institute of Architects. California Council
    • American Women's Voluntary Services
    • Arechaederra Hong Treiman Architects
    • Arnebergh, Roger
    • Association of Immigration and Nationality Lawyers (U.S.)
    • Autry Museum of Western Heritage
    • Bradley, Tom, 1917-1998
    • Breeze, Carla
    • Bullock's Wilshire (Department store)
    • Chiang, May-ling Soong, 1897-2003
    • Chin, Andrew
    • Chin, Hing Qong
    • Chin, Quan Gue
    • Chinese American Citizens Alliance
    • Chinese American Museum
    • Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association (Los Angeles, Calif.)
    • Chinese Historical Society of America
    • Chinese Students' Alliance in the United States of America
    • Chinese Students' Intercollegiate Organization
    • Chinese Times
    • Chinese Women's New Life Movement Association
    • Common Council for American Unity
    • Community Redevelopment Agency of the City of Los Angeles
    • Dawson's Book Shop
    • Douglas, Helen Gahagan, 1900-1980
    • Federation of Overseas Chinese Association
    • Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
    • Finch, Robert
    • Fong, Hiram, 1907-2004
    • Fung, Kenneth Y.
    • General Federation of Women's Clubs
    • Inaugural Committee (Calif.: 1967)
    • Inaugural Committee (U.S.: 1969)
    • Japanese American Citizens League
    • Knowland, William F. (William Fife), 1908-1974
    • Kuchel, Thomas H.
    • Kuun Ying Club
    • Lawyers' Club of Los Angeles County
    • Lawyers' Wives of Los Angeles
    • Los Angeles (Calif.). Dept. of City Planning.
    • Los Angeles (Calif.). Harbor Dept.
    • Los Angeles Chinatown Corporation
    • Los Angeles Chinese Chamber of Commerce
    • Los Angeles Chinese Women's Club
    • Los Angeles Committee for Protection of Foreign Born
    • McCarran, Pat, 1876-1954
    • Museum of Chinese American History
    • Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994.
    • Oregon State Agricultural College
    • Oregon State College
    • Pacific Area Travel Association
    • Perlman, Philip B. (Philip Benjamin), 1890-1960
    • President Ford Committee (U.S.)
    • Public affairs pamphlet (Public Affairs Committee)
    • O'Donnell, Lambert
    • Reagan, Ronald.
    • See, Lisa
    • Sing, Jack Wong
    • Smith, Icy
    • Snyder, Peter F
    • Soohoo, Peter
    • Tom, Howard
    • United States. Bureau of Immigration Services
    • United China Relief (U.S.)
    • United States. Immigration and Naturalization Service
    • University of Southern California. School of Law
    • University of Southern California. School of Urban and Regional Planning
    • Walter, Francis E. (Francis Eugene), 1894-1963
    • Warren, Earl, 1891-1974.
    • Wong, Tyrus.
    • Younger, Evelle J.

    Indexing: Subjects

    • Anti-communist movements -- California.
    • Anti-communist movements -- China.
    • Anti-communist movements -- Taiwan.
    • Architecture -- China -- Beijing -- Designs and plans.
    • Architecture -- United States -- 1980-2010.
    • Art deco (Architecture) -- United States.
    • Architecture -- United States -- 20th century.
    • Asian American architects
    • Asian American newspapers
    • Asian Americans -- California.
    • Central Pacific Railroad Company.
    • Chinatown (Los Angeles, Calif.)
    • Chinatown (San Francisco, Calif.)
    • Chinese -- California -- San Francisco.
    • Chinese American architects
    • Chinese American families
    • Chinese American women
    • Chinese American women -- Societies and clubs
    • Chinese Americans -- California -- Los Angeles.
    • Chinese Americans -- Civil rights.
    • Chinese Americans -- Legal status, laws, etc
    • Chinese Americans -- Political activity.
    • Chinese Americans -- Societies, etc
    • Chinese Americans -- United States.
    • Chinese in the United States.
    • Chinese newspapers -- United States
    • Chinese students -- United States.
    • Chinese-American newspapers
    • Citizenship -- America -- Congresses.
    • Citizenship -- United States
    • Citizenship -- United States -- Cases.
    • City planning and redevelopment law -- California -- Los Angeles.
    • City planning -- California -- Los Angeles.
    • Civil procedure -- United States -- Cases.
    • Civil rights -- United States -- Societies, etc.
    • Deportation -- United States -- Case studies.
    • Emigration and immigration -- United States.
    • Emigration and immigration law -- United States.
    • Emigration and immigration law -- United States -- Cases
    • Emigration and immigration law -- United States -- Congresses.
    • Equity pleading and procedure -- United States –Cases
    • Ethnicity -- United States.
    • Illegal aliens -- United States.
    • Immigrants -- Services for -- United States
    • Immigration advocates -- California.
    • Immigration issues in the United States.
    • Japanese American newspapers
    • Lawyers -- California -- Los Angeles -- Archives
    • Minorities -- United States.
    • Naturalization -- United States -- Congresses.
    • Neighborhood planning -- California -- Los Angeles -- Case studies.
    • Newspapers -- Ownership.
    • Older people -- Housing.
    • Ports of entry -- United States.
    • Propaganda, Anti-communist.
    • Racism -- Political aspects -- United States -- Congresses.
    • Rare book collection
    • Refugees -- China -- Hong Kong.
    • Regionalism in architecture -- United States.
    • Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945.
    • Statutes -- United States.
    • Street railroads -- California -- Los Angeles
    • United States -- Emigration and immigration -- Congresses.
    • United States -- Emigration and immigration -- Documentation -- Congresses.
    • Urban transportation
    • War relief.
    • Women -- Societies and clubs.
    • World War II.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- China.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Chinese -- California -- Los Angeles.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Chinese Americans
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Women -- United States.