A guide to the KAIULANI plans, design history and specifications, 1899, 1909-1910, 1971-1975
Processed by: Historic Documents Department Staff, 14 November 2017.
San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park2018
Building E, Fort Mason
San Francisco, CA 94123
A Guide to the KAIULANI plans, design history and specifications
HDC1309San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, National Park Service
2018, National Park Service
Title: KAIULANI plans, design history and specifications
Date: 1899, 1909-1910, 1971-1975
Identifier/Call Number: HDC1309 (SAFR 21368)
Physical Description: 36 items.
Repository: San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, Historic Documents Department
Building E, Fort Mason
San Francisco, CA 94123
Abstract: KAIULANI plans, design history and specifications collection consists of plans, blueprints, diazotypes, specifications and reports related to the KAIULANI, the last American-built square rigger. Naval Architect Charles Wittholz consulted with Alan Hutchinson on the restoration of the KAIULANI in the 1960s for the National Maritime Historical Society (NMHS). He donated these materials to the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park specifically to help with the construction of a half-size model of KAIULANI. The collection is available for use.
Physical Location: San Francisco Maritime NHP, Historic Documents Department
Language(s): In English.
This collection is open for use unless otherwise noted.
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The descriptions in this collection guide were compiled using the best available sources of information. Such sources include the creator's annotations or descriptions, collection accession files, primary and secondary source material and subject matter experts. While every effort was made to provide accurate information, in the event that you find any errors in this guide please contact the reference staff in order for us to evaulate and make corrections to this guide.
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[Item description], [Location within collection organization identified by Collection Number/Series Number/File Unit Number/Item Number], HDC1309 (SAFR 21368), KAIULANI plans, design history and specifications, San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park
Purchased, March 24, 1988 from Charles W. Wittholz.
According to "The Dictionary of Nautical Literacy," the KAIULANI was built in 1899 in Bath, Maine for service between San Francisco and Hawaii. The 250-foot, three-mast bark was the last American-built square rigger. The KAIULANI was also the last American square rigger in regular commercial service. The ship left San Francisco in September 1941 on its final voyage. The KAIULANI picked up lumber in Aberdeen, Washington and sailed around Cape Horn to Durban, South Africa and then onto Sydney, Australia. Once in Sydney, KAIULANI was converted into a barge to support U.S. forces in the Pacific. In 1963, a group of maritime enthusiasts formed the National Maritime Historical Society with the goal of restoring the KAIULANI and returning it from the Philippines to the United States. In October 1964, Philippine President Diosdado Macapagal donated KAIULANI to the U.S. Efforts to raise funds to restore the ship failed, and it was broken up in 1974.
KAIULANI plans, design history and specifications collection consists of plans, blueprints, diazotypes, specifications and reports related to the KAIULANI, the last American-built square rigger. Naval Architect Charles Wittholz consulted with Alan Hutchinson on the restoration of the KAIULANI in the 1960s for the National Maritime Historical Society (NMHS). He donated these materials to the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park specifically to help with the construction of a half-size model of KAIULANI. The collection is available for use.
The collection includes the original builders' specifications for KAIULANI, by Williams, Dimond & Co., circa 1899, as well as a Schedule of Shapes for Steel Sailing Bark No. 44 by Arthur Sewall and Co., Bath Maine, April 3, 1899; and Schedule No. 2, Steel Plates, April 20, 1899. These specifications were drawn up by J.A. Hargan, Naval Architect, Brooklyn, New York.
Altogether, there are 36 plans (3 blueprints and 33 diazos). There are original drawings of KAIULANI for the Sewall Shipyard, made by J.A. Hargan in 1899 (sheets 2-12). There are duplicate copies of some, as several of these sheets were reproduced for the NMHS. Some plans have notes on them from the 1970s. These drawings include the original lines, inboard profile and deck plans, body plan, bulkheads, frame and plate list and sail plan. The KAIULANI was also known as Steel Sailing Bark No. 44, and several of the drawings list the vessel's name as STAR OF FINLAND. For example, the blueprint labeled "KAIULANI's Sail Plan," is the sail plan for the STAR OF FINLAND, from 1910.
The collection includes 3 reconstruction drawings done by Andy Nesdall, for restoration of the KAIULANI, circa 1964. There are also 5 diazo plans drawn up by Wittholz for the Bark KAIULANI Restoration for the National Maritime Historical Society. These are Drawing Nos. 139-375-10, 139-680-D, 139-1073-3, 139-474-5 and 139-474-6. These include drawings of the midship section and the port and starboard shell expansions and date from around 1975.
The collection includes 9 diazo drawings of the American Bark KAIULANI, 1899. Wittholz reproduced these from the original plans for the Smithsonian Institution in 1973 and 1974. These include lines plans and typical construction sections, inboard profile, arrangement of decks, midship section and bulkheads, sail plan, spar plan, rigging fittings on spars and deck fittings.
Finally, the collection includes "The History of KAIULANI Plans and her Design Characteristics," written by Wittholz circa 1975.
- Folder 1: Specifications, circa 1899
- Folders 2-3: Plans by J.A. Hargan, 1899
- Folder 4: Reconstruction Drawings by Andy Nesdall, circa 1964
- Folders 5-6: Plans for the Smithsonian Institution by Charles Wittholz, 1973-1974
- Folder 7: Plans for Bark KAIULANI Restoration for National Maritime Historical Society, circa 1975
- Folder 8: "The History of KAIULANI Plans and Her Design Characteristics," circa 1975
- Dabel, R. (Capt.) Papers, SAFR 8519, HDC0859, correspondence, notebook and diary transcripts of the master of the KAIULANI, 1900, 1 folder.
- Dring (Harry) Papers, HDC0648, 1890-1986. Dring was the foremast hand on the last voyage of KAIULANI, 1941-1942.
Bill Bartz photographs, SAFR 18732, P78-122a, 40 black and white prints of the voyage of the KAIULANI, 1941-1942.
KAIULANI (built 1898; bark, 3m) photograph collection, SAFR 20738, P05-044, 71 photographic prints and over 200 negatives depicting the restoration of KAIULANI and the ceremony in which Filipino President Diosdado Macapagal donates the ship to President Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964-1966.
Painting, SAFR 3829, watercolor of KAIULANI by M.V. Langdale, 1945.
Sextant, SAFR 9543, used by John Johnassen on the last voyage of KAIULANI, 1942
- This material is located at San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park
Subjects and Indexing Terms
Kaiulani (built 1899; bark, 3m)