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Mexican carte-de-visite portrait album from the era of Maximilian and Napoleon III
92.R.8  
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Mexican carte-de-visite portrait album from the era of Maximilian and Napoleon III, between 1854 and 1870

Arrangement

In original order.
page 1 recto

92.R.8-1r Maximilian 1er Empereur du Mexique, between 1860 and 1867

Scope and Content Note

Page title.
page 1 recto

92.R.8-1r.1 Photographer unidentified, [Three-quarter Length Portrait of Maximilian]

page 1 recto

92.R.8-1r.2 Bingham, Robert J., [Full-length Portrait of Maximilian], between 1860 and 1864

Scope and Content Note

Printed on mount of photograph: [Bing]ham. Phot. 58, rue de Larouchefou[cauld].
page 1 recto

92.R.8-1r.3 Bingham, Robert J. (attributed), [Three-quarter Length Portrait of Maximilian], between 1860 and 1864

Scope and Content Note

Maximilian is wearing the same clothes as in 92.R.8-1r.2, indicating this was taken at the same sitting.
page 1 recto

92.R.8-1r.4 Photographer unidentified, [Cameo Portrait of Maximilian in Profile], between 1860 and 1867

page 1 verso

92.R.8-1v Gilet porte par Maximilian le jour de son exécution (19 Juin 1867), 1867

Scope and Content Note

When the French army withdrew from Mexico in 1867, Maximilian garrisoned himself and his followers in Querétaro. After the city fell to republican troops he was captured and eventually executed by firing squad on June 19 in the Cerro de las Campanas. Although close access to the execution was not permitted, one of Franois Aubert's studio operatives photographed Maximilian's bullet-riddled clothing, Maximilian in his coffin, the members of the firing squad, and views of the execution site as well as views of Queretaro associated with Maximilian. Aubert, in accordance with the prevailing studio practices of the time, took credit for the photographs. The images circulated widely in cartes-de-visite bearing the imprint of numerous Mexican and European photographers.
Page title.
page 1 verso

92.R.8-1v.1 Disédri, Adolphe-Eugène, (after François Aubert), Le peleton d'exécution de l'Empereur Maximilian

Scope and Content Note

Printed on mount of photograph: Propiété de la Masion Augte. Kle[in].
page 1 verso

92.R.8-1v.2 Aubert, François, [Back of Maximilian's Bullet-riddled Frock Coat]

page 1 verso

92.R.8-1v.3 Peraire, Agustín (after François Aubert), [Back of Maximilian's Bullet-riddled Vest]

Scope and Content Note

In negative: A. Peraire. Fot.
page 1 verso

92.R.8-1v.4 Aubert, François, [Front of Maximilian's Bullet-riddled Vest]

page 2 recto

92.R.8-2r.1 Photographer unidentified, Guadalajara (cathédrale), between 1857 and 1870

page 2 recto

92.R.8-2r.2 Photographer unidentified, Palais impérial, between 1857 and 1870

page 2 recto

92.R.8-2r.3 Photographer unidentified, [Château], between 1857 and 1870

page 2 recto

92.R.8-2r.4 Photographer unidentified, [Custom's Wharf, Veracruz], between 1857 and 1870

page 2 verso

92.R.8-2v.1 Photographer unidentified, Portrait of Maximilian I of Mexico, between 1864 and 1867

Scope and Content Note

Photographic reproduction of Franz Xavier Winterhalter's 1864 portrait painting of Maximilian.
page 2 verso

92.R.8-2v.2 Photographer unidentified, Portrait of Carlota, between 1857 and 1867

Scope and Content Note

Photographic reproduction of a painting.
page 2 verso

92.R.8-2v.3 Photographer unidentified, [Portrait of Carlota Wearing a Crown], between 1857 and 1867

Scope and Content Note

Photographic reproduction of a painting.
page 2 verso

92.R.8-2v.4 Photographer unidentified, [Emperor Maximilian and His Generals], between 1864 and 1867

page 3 recto

92.R.8-3r Blank page

page 3 verso

92.R.8-3v Blank page

page 4 recto

92.R.8-4r.1 Photographer unidentified, [Querétaro Cathedral], between 1857 and 1870

Scope and Content Note

Caption written below image: Querétaro.
page 4 recto

92.R.8-4r.2 Photographer unidentified, [View of Querétaro], between 1857 and 1870

Scope and Content Note

Caption written below image: Querétaro.
page 4 recto

92.R.8-4r.3 Photographer unidentified, Viaduc qui alimenté Querétaro, between 1857 and 1870

page 4 recto

92.R.8-4r.4 Photographer unidentified, Querétaro, between 1857 and 1870

page 4 verso

92.R.8-4v.1 Disédri, Adolphe-Eugène, Carlota, between 1860 and 1863

Scope and Content Note

Full-length portrait of Carlota wearing a fur coat.
page 4 verso

92.R.8-4v.2 Photographer unidentified, [Bust Portrait of Maximilian in Profile], between 1864 and 1867

Scope and Content Note

Written on mount below image: Max.
page 4 verso

92.R.8-4v.3 Malovich, G., [Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, Head-and-Shoulders Portrait], between 1857 and 1864

Scope and Content Note

Written on mount below image: Max. Imprint on verso of cdv: Studio fotografico / G. Malovich / Corso No. 41, (670) - Trieste. This is a copy print of one of the portraits of Maximilian taken by Andrew Burgess while he was working in Mexico City (1864-1867) for the U.S. State Department documenting the French Intervention (Palmquist & Kailbourn Pioneer Photographers, 2005). See: https://lccn.loc.gov/2004679825 and https://www.loc.gov/item/2004672076/ and https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2018645027/.
page 4 verso

92.R.8-4v.4 Jägern, Miramar-Querétaro, 1867 or 1868

Scope and Content Note

Title printed on mount of photograph. Written on mount below image: Car. This is a Jägern photograph of a lithograph by Carl Edler von Stur published by P. Kaeser, Vienna. It depicts Carlota mourning Maximilian. An angel holding a dark veil forms a backdrop to Carlota who holds a lunette of roses in her lap. Above the angel a vignette protrays Maximilian standing on a rock at the moment before his executon. The caption refers to Carlota at Miramar, the castle where Carlota retreated after Maximilian's death, and Queretaro, the place of Maximilian's execution.
page 5 recto

92.R.8-5r.1 Photographer unidentified, Yturbide, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Photographic reproduction of a print or painting of Agustín de Iturbide as the first emperor of Mexico (1821-1823).
page 5 recto

92.R.8-5r.2 Libert., L., Juárez, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Printed on mount of photograph: L. Lebert & Co. Paris. Portrait of Benito Juárez, a Zapotec lawyer and politician, who as the twenty-sixth president of Mexico (1858-1872) became the country's first president of indigenous origin.
page 5 recto

92.R.8-5r.3 Photographer unidentified, Álvarez, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Photographic reproduction of a print or painting of Juan Álvarez, a caudillo of Galician and Afro-Mexican parentage active in southern Mexico, who served as the twenty-fourth president of Mexico for two months in 1855.
page 5 recto

92.R.8-5r.4 Photographer unidentified, [General Commonfort], 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Photographic reporduction of a painting of General Ignacio Commonfort, who was the twenty-fifth president of Mexico (1855-1858). Written on mount below image: Grl. Cormonfort [sic].
page 5 verso

92.R.8-5v.1 Levitsky, Sergei Lvovich, [Napoléon III, Emperor of France, Eugénie, Empress of France and Napoléon, Prince Imperial], 1860

Scope and Content Note

Written on mount below image: Nap III. Printed on mount of photograph: Levitsky. 22, rue de Choiseul. Levitsky sold his studio to Le Jeune in 1864, and later copies of this photograph have the credit "Le Jeune succr." added to the mount imprints.
page 5 verso

92.R.8-5v.2 Le Jeune, Augustin-Aimé-Joseph, [Napoleon III], 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Written on mount below image: Nap III. Printed on mount of photograph: [Le] Jeune. 22, rue de Choiseul.
page 5 verso

92.R.8-5v.3 Photographer unidentified, Napoleon III, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Written on mount below image: Nap III.
page 5 verso

92.R.8-5v.4 Disédri, Adolphe-Eugène, [Napoleon III Seated], circa 1858

Scope and Content Note

Hand-colored. Written on mount below image: Nap III.
page 6 recto

92.R.8-6r.1 Photographer unidentified, Maximilian 1er Empereur du Mexique, between 1864 and 1867

Scope and Content Note

Title from annotation written on verso. Written on mount below image: Max.
page 6 verso

92.R.8-6v Blank page

page 7 recto

92.R.8-7r.1 Pierson, Pierre-Louis, Général Forez, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Title from caption written below image. Printed on mount of photograph: L. Pierson, Phot. Déposé garanti d'après nature.
I.e. Élie Frédéric Forey, the original commanding general of the French expeditionary corps to Mexico.
page 7 recto

92.R.8-7r.2 Photographer unidentified, Marshall Bazaine, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Written on mount below image: Mal Bazaine. In 1862, General François Achille Bazaine was sent to Mexico as commandant of the French army's 1st Infantry Division of expeditiony corps. His success in early battles led to his promotion to head of the expeditionary forces, replacing General Forey. Bazaine conducted the retreat of the French forces from Mexico in 1867.
page 7 recto

92.R.8-7r.3 Photographer unidentified, Marshall Bazaine, 1860s

page 7 recto

92.R.8-7r.4 Photographer unidentified, General Miguel Miramón, between 1864 and 1867

Scope and Content Note

Miguel Miramón was a conservative general and politician who, at age 29 served as Mexico's twenty-ninth President (1859-1860). He was the first president not born during Spanish colonial rule. Miramón served in the Imperial army during the French Intervention, and was executed along with Emperor Maximilian and General Tomás Mejía at Querétaro.
page 7 verso

92.R.8-7v.1 Aubert, François, Arista presidente du Mexique, 1854 or 1855

Scope and Content Note

Printed on mount of photograph: Aubert y Cia Fot. Mariano Arista (1802-1855) was the nineteenth president of Mexico (1851-1853).
page 7 verso

92.R.8-7v.2 Photographer unidentified, Altamirano (Mexique), 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Ignacio Manuel Altamirano was a Mexican radical liberal writer, journalist, and politician of Chontal heritage.
page 7 verso

92.R.8-7v.3 Photographer unidentified, José Azgariz, 1860s

page 7 verso

92.R.8-7v.4 Photographer unidentified, Francisco Algara, 1860s

page 8 recto

92.R.8-8r.1 Photographer unidentified, Doña Josepha Yradi, 1860s

page 8 recto

92.R.8-8r.2 Aubert, François, Général Belendez, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Printed on mount of photograph: Aubert y Cia Fot.
page 8 recto

92.R.8-8r.3 Photographer unidentified, Mr. de Borde, enseigne de vaisseau á bord du Phlégelhon, between 1864 and 1868

page 8 recto

92.R.8-8r.4 Photographer unidentified, Comte c. de Beárn, 1860s

page 8 verso

92.R.8-8v.1 Photographer unidentified, Dr. Bristot médecin de la legation de France á Mexico, between 1864 and 1868

page 8 verso

92.R.8-8v.2 Photographer unidentified, Mme de Courthial (Mexico), 1860s

page 8 verso

92.R.8-8v.3 Photographer unidentified, Maximilian Chabert, 1860s

page 8 verso

92.R.8-8v.4 Photographer unidentified, Hernando Campos (bal de Mr. Bazzon) Mexico, 1860s

page 9 recto

92.R.8-9r Blank page

page 9 verso

92.R.8-9v Blank page

page 10 recto

92.R.8-10r.1 Photographer unidentified, H de Campos et Albert Morphy, 1860s

page 10 recto

92.R.8-10r.2 Photographer unidentified, Emilia Gargollo de Collado (Mexico), 1860s

page 10 recto

92.R.8-10r.3 Photographer unidentified, Mr. François Curtopazzi, chargé d'affairs d'Italie á Mexico, 1860s

page 10 recto

92.R.8-10r.4 Photographer unidentified, Cte. Alfredo Cipriani, 1860s

page 10 verso

92.R.8-10v.1 Photographer unidentified, Corona, 1860s

page 10 verso

92.R.8-10v.2 Photographer unidentified, Cortina, 1860s

page 10 verso

92.R.8-10v.3 Photographer unidentified, Mr. Carrington, chancelier de la legation d'Angleterre á Mexico, 1860s

page 10 verso

92.R.8-10v.4 Photographer unidentified, Cuellar, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Ignacio Cuellar was a colonel in Benito Juárez's troops at the battle of Puebla in 1862.
page 11 recto

92.R.8-11r.1 Photographer unidentified, Mr. Dano, 1860s

page 11 recto

92.R.8-11r.2 Photographer unidentified, Ensebio Delgado, 1er violon de l'opera de Mexico, 1860s

page 11 recto

92.R.8-11r.3 Photographer unidentified, Agustín Peraire, 1860s

page 11 recto

92.R.8-11r.4 Photographer unidentified, Mme Peraire (?), 1860s

page 11 verso

92.R.8-11v.1 Photographer unidentified, Albert Donsdebès, 1860s

page 11 verso

92.R.8-11v.2 Photographer unidentified, Mr. Davidson (Mexico), 1860s

page 11 verso

92.R.8-11v.3 Photographer unidentified, Mr. Riba y Echeverain (Mexico), 1860s

page 11 verso

92.R.8-11v.4 Photographer unidentified, D. Julio Gangallo, Mexico, 1860s

page 12 recto

92.R.8-12r Blank page

page 12 verso

92.R.8-12v Blank page

page 13 recto

92.R.8-13r.1 Photographer unidentified, Marguerite Collado y Gangallo, 1860s

page 13 recto

92.R.8-13r.2 Photographer unidentified, Guerrero, between 1857 and 1870

page 13 recto

92.R.8-13r.3 Photographer unidentified, Cte. de Hornspech, lieutenant aux Hussards de Khévenhuiller, 1860s

page 13 recto

92.R.8-13r.4 Photographer unidentified, José Hidalgo, liberateur de Mexique, 1860s

page 13 verso

92.R.8-13v.1 Photographer unidentified, Frederic Hooriks, chargé d'affairs de Belgique á Mexico, 1860s

page 13 verso

92.R.8-13v.2 Photographer unidentified, Princesse Iturbide, 1860s

page 13 verso

92.R.8-13v.3 Photographer unidentified, Juan José Baz, homme d'etat révolutionnaire, 1860s

page 13 verso

92.R.8-13v.4 Photographer unidentified, Rojas, 1860s

page 14 recto

92.R.8-14r.1 Photographer unidentified, Mis. de la Ribera, ministre d'Espagne á Mexique, 1860s

page 14 recto

92.R.8-14r.2 Aubert, François, Lacunza, between 1864 and 1869

Scope and Content Note

Printed on mount of photograph: Aubert y Cia Fot.
page 14 recto

92.R.8-14r.3 Photographer unidentified, Ct. de La Londe (Mexico), 1860s

page 14 recto

92.R.8-14r.4 Photographer unidentified, Colonel Miguel López, traydor de Querétaro (traitie), between 1864 and 1867

Scope and Content Note

Colonel López, officer and courtier, followed Maximilian to Querétaro. Once it became apparent that the French could not withstand Juárez's forces, López persuaded Maximilian to let him negotiate terms of surrender with General Escobedo. López met with Escobedo and other generals of the Republican army and agreed to betray Maximilian.
page 14 verso

92.R.8-14v.1 Photographer unidentified, Ramon Le Strange, attaché á la legation d'Angleterre á Mexico, 1860s

page 14 verso

92.R.8-14v.2 Photographer unidentified, Ramon Le Strange (bal de Mr. Bazzon, Mexico), 1860s

page 14 verso

92.R.8-14v.3 Photographer unidentified, Général Marquez, 1860s

page 14 verso

92.R.8-14v.4 Photographer unidentified, Général Marquez, 1860s

page 15 recto

92.R.8-15r Blank page

page 15 verso

92.R.8-15v Blank page

page 16 recto

92.R.8-16r.1 Photographer unidentified, Gal. Marquez, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Général Marquez.
page 16 recto

92.R.8-16r.2 Photographer unidentified, Mme Madelov née Antonia San Juan, Général Marquez 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Hand-colored.
page 16 recto

92.R.8-16r.3 Photographer unidentified, Mr. et Mme Henry Magruder (Mexico), 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Two images share one caption. Mr. Magruder is pictured in 92.R.8-16r.3; Mme Magruder is pictured in 92.R.8-16r.4.
page 16 recto

92.R.8-16r.4 Photographer unidentified, Mr. et Mme Henry Magruder (Mexico), 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Two images share one caption. Mr. Magruder is pictured in 92.R.8-16r.3; Mme. Magruder is pictured in 92.R.8-16r.4.
page 16 verso

92.R.8-16v.1 Photographer unidentified, Général Magruder, 1860s

page 16 verso

92.R.8-16v.2 Photographer unidentified, Général Mendez, 1860s

page 16 verso

92.R.8-16v.3 Photographer unidentified, Morelos, heros de l'independence, 1860s

page 16 verso

92.R.8-16v.4 Photographer unidentified, Doña Ignacia Mosso (Mexico), 1860s

page 17 recto

92.R.8-17r.1 Photographer unidentified, Mr. Charles Middleton, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

92.R.8-17r.1 and 92.R.8-17r.2 share one caption.
page 17 recto

92.R.8-17r.2 Photographer unidentified, Mr. Charles Middleton, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

92.R.8-17r.1 and 92.R.8-17r.2 share one caption.
page 17 recto

92.R.8-17r.3 Photographer unidentified, Don Jorge Murphy, 1860s

page 17 recto

92.R.8-17r.4 Photographer unidentified, Général Negrete, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Miguel Negrete was a military leader who adhered to Conservative principles until the invasion of French forces in Mexico. He was one of the heroes of the first Battle of Puebla, governor of Puebla, and served as Benito Juárez's Minister of War.
page 17 verso

92.R.8-17v.1 Photographer unidentified, Oimaechea, evéque de Tulanchinga, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Juan Bautista Ormaechea, bishop of Tulancingo, was a member of the Regency of the Second Mexican Empire which was appointed by General Frédéric Forey in 1863 to rule Mexico until the arrival of Maximilian in the country.
page 17 verso

92.R.8-17v.2 Photographer unidentified, Ortega, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Jesús González Ortega was a Mexican general and politician, and governor of Zacatecas. He was instrumental in the defense of the city of Puebla in the second battle of Puebla.
page 17 verso

92.R.8-17v.3 Photographer unidentified, V. Riva Palacio, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

In negative: V. Riva Palacio. Vicente Riva Palacio was a liberal politician, novelist, journalist and newspaper publisher, and military leader who participated in participated in the Plan de Ayutla and fought against the French in Mexico. In 1862, he was governor of the State of Mexico, and 1865 he became governor of Michoacan and was named General and chief of Mexico's Central Army.
page 17 verso

92.R.8-17v.4 Photographer unidentified, Gral Quiroga, 1860s

page 18 recto

92.R.8-18r Blank page

page 18 verso

92.R.8-18v Blank page

page 19 recto

92.R.8-19r.1 Aubert, François, C. Reynolds, between 1864 and 1869

Scope and Content Note

Printed on mount of photograph: Aubert y Cia Fot.
page 19 recto

92.R.8-19r.2 Photographer unidentified, Général Auréliano Rivera, 1860s

page 19 recto

92.R.8-19r.3 Photographer unidentified, Sausac, Lieutenant au 95e, Mexico, 1860s

page 19 recto

92.R.8-19r.4 Photographer unidentified, Général Santa Anna, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

Antonio López de Santa Anna was general politician with a long career that defined the course of Mexico during first half of the nineteenth century. He was eighth president of Mexico holding office intermittently between 1833 and 1855.
page 19 verso

92.R.8-19v.1 Photographer unidentified, Miss Florence Scarlett, 1860s

page 19 verso

92.R.8-19v.2 Photographer unidentified, Général Salas, 1860s

Scope and Content Note

José Mariano de Salas, sixteenth president of Mexico (1846; interim president in 1859) and a member of the executive triumvirate of the Second Mexican Empire that offered the throne to Maximilian.
page 19 verso

92.R.8-19v.3 Photographer unidentified, Mr. Charles Stewart Scott, secretaire général de la legation d'Angleterre á Mexico, 1860s

page 19 verso

92.R.8-19v.4 Photographer unidentified, Mr. Scarlett, ministré d'Angleterre á Mexico, 1860s

page 20 recto

92.R.8-20r.1 Photographer unidentified, Le chevalier (?) de Taverchi, lieutenant au corpes autrichien (Mexico), 1860s

page 20 recto

92.R.8-20r.2 Photographer unidentified, De Tavera, 1860s

page 20 recto

92.R.8-20r.3 Photographer unidentified, Ernest Schmidt de Tavera, attaché a le legation Autriche á Mexico, 1860s

page 20 recto

92.R.8-20r.4 Photographer unidentified, Alberta Villa Garcia, 1860s

page 20 verso

92.R.8-20v.1 Aubert, François, Général Vidaurri, between 1864 and 1869

Scope and Content Note

Printed on mount of photograph: Aubert y Cia Fot.
page 20 verso

92.R.8-20v.2 Photographer unidentified, Eng. Wieser, 1860s

page 20 verso

92.R.8-20v.3 Photographer unidentified, Mr. Robert Watson, 1860s

page 20 verso

92.R.8-20v.4 Photographer unidentified, Comte Zichy, capitaine aux Hussards (Mexico), 1860s