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Finding Aid for the Mexican Carte-de-Visite Portrait Album from the Era of Maximilian and Napoleon III, circa 1858-circa 1870
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Mexican Carte-de-Visite Portrait Album from the Era of Maximilian and Napoleon III
    Date (inclusive): circa 1858-circa 1870
    Number: 92.R.8
    Physical Description: 1.0 album(s) (113 photographic prints)
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles, California, 90049-1688
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: Mexican carte-de-visite portrait album from the era of Maximilian and Napoleon III.
    Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record  for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
    Language: Collection material is in French

    Biographical/Historical Note

    The album was compiled by an unidentified person, most likely of French nationality, during or shortly after the time of the French Intervention in Mexico. It includes photographs by several well-known photographers active in France or Mexico such as François Aubert and André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri.

    Administrative Information


    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Mexican carte-de-visite portrait album from the era of Maximilian and Napoleon III, circa 1858-circa 1870, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 92.R.8

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired in 1992.

    Processing History

    Processed and cataloged by Beth Guynn; finding aid encoded by Holly Larson with grant funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR).

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This album contains 112 albumen cartes-de-visite and one cabinet card; some of the photographs are hand-colored. It features portraits of Emperor Maximilian (including one cabinet photograph), Empress Carlota, and Napoleon III, as well as other key figures in the French intervention in Mexico. Many portraits are of French and Mexican military leaders such as Generals Achille Bazaine and Antonio López de Santa Anna, and President Benito Juárez. There is a set of portrait engravings of historically significant figures from Mexican history, including Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Agustín de Iturbide, José María Morelos, and Vicente Guerrero. Other portraits are of diplomats to Mexico from Austria, England, Spain, and Belgium. Several portraits are of cultural figures such as novelist and poet Ignacio Manuel Altamirano.
    A group of photographs by François Aubert taken at Querétaro, includes a posed group portrait of the firing squad for Maximilian's execution, and three images of Maximilian's bullet-riddled clothing (one of his jacket and two of his vest). There is a portrait of Colonel Miguel López, the Mexican officer and courtier who betrayed Maximilian. Several views of Querétaro and other sites are also included.
    Photographers: Louis Pierson, Mayer & Pierson, Augustín Peraire, L. Lebert, Levitsky, Aubert y Cia. (François Aubert, 1829-1906), G. Jägermayer, Ghémar Frères, Photographie Richelieu (Georges Numa), André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri, and Robert J. Bingham. Photographer information on versos: Ghémar Frères, Photographes du Roi, Rue de l'Ecuyer 27, Bruxelles; Photographie Richelieu, G. Numa, Rue Richelieu 83, Paris; Bingham, Inventeur du Procédé Collodion, Rue de Larochefoucauld 58, Paris; P. Kaeser's Kunsthandlung, Bognergasse 2, Wien, Photog. von G. Jägermayer.
    This is a black leather album with a silver clasp and cover shield; five cabinet card openings are empty. Titles for pages are as they appear on album pages unless otherwise noted. Titles for images are from captions written below images unless otherwise noted. Information on versos of mounts, or under openings is not recorded, as items have not been removed from mounts.


    In original order.

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Topics

    Altamirano, Ignacio Manuel, 1834-1893--Portraits
    Bazaine, François-Achille, 1811-1888--Portraits
    Carlota, Empress, consort of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1840-1927--Portraits
    Executions and executioners--Mexico--Querétaro
    Guerrero, Vicente, 1782-1831--Portraits
    Hidalgo y Costilla, Miguel, 1753-1811--Portraits
    Iturbide, Agustín de, 1783-1824--Portraits
    Juárez, Benito, 1806-1872--Portraits
    López, Miguel, 1825-1891--Portraits
    Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1832-1867--Portraits
    Morelos, José María, 1765-1815--Portraits
    Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, 1808-1873--Portraits
    Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876--Portraits

    Subjects - Places

    France--History--Second Empire, 1852-1870--Portraits
    Mexico--History--European intervention, 1861-1867--Portraits
    Querétaro (Mexico)--History--Siege, 1867

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Albumen prints--France--19th century
    Albumen prints--Mexico--19th century
    Cabinet photographs -France--19th century
    Cartes-de-visite--Belgium--19th century
    Cartes-de-visite--France--19th century
    Cartes-de-visite--Germany--19th century
    Cartes-de-visite--Mexico--19th century
    Photograph albums--Mexico--19th century
    Studio portraits--France--19th century
    Studio portraits--Mexico--19th century


    Aubert y Cia
    Aubert, François, 1829-1906
    Bingham, Robert J., circa 1800-1870
    Disderi, Andre-Adolphe-Eugene, 1819-1889
    Ghémar Frères
    Jägermayer, G.
    Klein, Auguste
    Lebert, L.
    Levitsky, 1819-1898
    Mayer & Pierson
    Numa, Georges
    P. Kaeser's Kunsthandlung
    Peraire, Augustin
    Photographie Richelieu
    Pierson, Pierre-Louis, 1822-1913