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Mexican carte-de-visite portrait album from the era of Maximilian and Napoleon III
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Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical/Historical Note
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Mexican carte-de-visite portrait album from the era of Maximilian and Napoleon IIII
    Date (inclusive): between 1854 and 1870
    Number: 92.R.8
    Physical Description: 1 album(s) (113 photographic prints)
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles 90049-1688
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: The album of carte-de-visite portraits was compiled by an unidentified person, most likely of French nationality, during or shortly after the period known as the French intervention in Mexico (1861-1867) when the French invaded and ruled that country, establishing Maximilien, Archduke of Austria, as Emperor of Mexico. It includes photographs by several photographers active in France or Mexico such as François Aubert and André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri.
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    Language: Collection material is in French

    Biographical/Historical Note

    The album was compiled by an unidentified person, most likely of French nationality, during or shortly after the time of the French Intervention in Mexico.

    Administrative Information


    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Mexican carte-de-visite portrait album from the era of Maximilian and Napoleon III, between 1854 and 1870, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 92.R.8

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired in 1992.

    Processing History

    Processed and cataloged by Beth Ann Guynn; finding aid encoded by Holly Larson with grant funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). Guynn expanded the finding aid in 2021.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The album of 112 albumen cartes-de-visite and one cabinet card features portraits of Emperor Maximilian, Empress Carlota, and Napoleon III, as well as other key figures in the period known as the French intervention in Mexico (1861-1867) when the French invaded Mexico and ultimately installed Ferdinand Maximilian Archduke of Austria as Maximilian I Emperor of Mexico. Many portraits are of French and Mexican political and military leaders such as General Élie Frédéric Forey, the original commanding general of the French expeditionary corps to Mexico and his successor, Marshall Achille Bazaine; and Generals Miguel Negrete, a hero of the first Battle of Puebla and Jesús González Ortega, who played a key role in the second battle of Puebla.
    Mexican heads of state depicted include Agustín de Iturbide I, Emperor of Mexico and seven presidents: Antonio López de Santa Anna; José Mariano de Salas; Mariano Arista; Juan Álvarez; Ignacio Commonfort; Miguel Miramón; and Benito Juárez. Photographic reproductions of portraits of figures related to the first Mexican Empire and the Mexican War of Independence include Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla; Agustín de Iturbide; José María Morelos; and Vicente Guerrero.
    Other portraits are of diplomats to Mexico from Austria, England, Spain, and Belgium. Members of the Maximilan's court and Mexican elites are also represented. Portraits of cultural figures include novelist and poet Ignacio Manuel Altamirano and journalist and political and military leader V. Riva Palacio.
    A group of photographs by François Aubert taken at Querétaro, a posed group portrait of the firing squad taken after Maximilian's execution, and three images of Maximilian's bullet-riddled clothing (one of his jacket and two of his vest). There is a portrait of Colonel Miguel López, the Mexican officer and courtier who betrayed Maximilian at Querétaro, and one of General Miguel Miramón, was executed along with Maximilian and General Tomás Mejía. Several views of Querétaro and other sites are also included.
    Photographers represented in the album include: G. Malovich; Pierre-Louis Pierson; Agustín Peraire; L. Lebert; Augustin-Aimé- Joseph Le Jeune; Serge Lvovich Levitsky; François Aubert; G. Jägermayer; André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri; and Robert J. Bingham.
    The album is bound in black leather album with a silver clasp and cover shield; five cabinet card openings are empty. Titles for the individual images are from the French captions written below the images, unless otherwise noted. The information on the versos of the mounts, or under the openings is not recorded, as access to it is obscured.
    Sources consulted:
    Debroise, Olivier. Mexican Suite: A History of Photography in Mexico . Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001.
    Planteaux, Serge. "Agustin Peraire: Documenting the Execution of Emperor Maximilian." Weekly transmisison 43-2017. https://issuu.com/sergeplantureux/docs/pwt_43-2017_agustin_peraire_1867
    Wilson-Bareau, J. et al. Manet: The Execution of Maximilian: Painting, Politics and Censorship . London: The National Gallery, 1992.


    The collection is arranged in a single series: Series I. Mexican carte-de-visite portrait album from the era of Maximilian and Napoleon IIII, between 1854 and 1870.

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Names

    Pierson, Pierre-Louis, 1822-1913
    Bingham, Robert J.
    Lebert, L.
    Disdéri, André-Adolphe-Eugène, 1819-1889
    Levitsky, 1819-1898
    Jägermayer, G.
    Peraire, Agustín
    Malevich, G.
    Le Jeune, Augustin-Aimée-Joseph, active 1865-1880

    Subjects - Topics

    Executions and executioners -- Mexico -- Querétaro
    Hidalgo y Costilla, Miguel, 1753-1811 -- Portraits
    Guerrero, Vicente, 1782-1831 -- Portraits
    Juárez, Benito, 1806-1872 -- Portraits
    Iturbide, Agustín de, 1783-1824 -- Portraits
    Altamirano, Ignacio Manuel, 1834-1893 -- Portraits
    Generals -- Mexico -- Portraits
    Carlota, Empress, consort of Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1840-1927 -- Portraits
    Bazaine, François-Achille, 1811-1888 -- Portraits
    Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876 -- Portraits
    Diplomats -- Mexico -- Portraits
    Morelos, José María, 1765-1815 -- Portraits
    Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, 1808-1873 -- Portraits
    López, Miguel, 1825-1891 -- Portraits
    Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico, 1832-1867 -- Portraits

    Subjects - Places

    Querétaro (Mexico) -- History -- Siege, 1867
    Mexico -- Biography -- Portraits
    Mexico -- History -- 1821-1861 -- Portraits
    France -- History -- Second Empire, 1852-1870 -- Portraits
    Mexico -- History -- European intervention, 1861-1867 -- Portraits

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Cartes-de-visite -- Mexico -- 19th century
    Cartes-de-visite -- France -- 19th century
    Cartes-de-visite -- Belgium -- 19th century
    Cabinet photographs -France -- 19th century
    Albumen prints -- France -- 19th century
    Albumen prints -- Mexico -- 19th century
    Cartes-de-visite -- Germany -- 19th century
    Studio portraits -- Mexico -- 19th century
    Photograph albums -- Mexico -- 19th century
    Studio portraits -- France -- 19th century


    Aubert, François