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Table of contents What's This?
  • Restrictions on Access
  • Restrictions on Use and Reproduction
  • Provenance/Source of Acquisition
  • UCLA Catalog Record ID
  • Preferred Citation
  • Processing Note
  • Biography/History
  • Scope and Content
  • Organization and Arrangement
  • Related Material
  • Related Items Available Online

  • Contributing Institution: UCLA Library Special Collections
    Title: Eadweard Muybridge next hit photographs
    Creator: previous hit Muybridge, Eadweard next hit
    Identifier/Call Number: LSC.1979
    Physical Description: 4 linear feet (4 oversize flat boxes)
    Date (inclusive): 1872, 1875-1876
    Abstract: previous hit Eadweard Muybridge next hit was a British photographer who spent much of his working life living in California and travelling in other parts of the U.S. and western Northern America. The collection consists of 46 albumen prints. Thirty-nine were taken by Muybridge in 1872 of Yosemite Valley, the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and the Mariposa Grove; seven photos were taken in Central America in 1875-1876.
    Physical Location: Held at UCLA Library Special Collections. Advance notice is required for access to the collection. All requests to access special collections materials must be made in advance using the request button located on this page.
    Language of Material: Materials are in English.

    Restrictions on Access

    Open for research. All requests to access special collections materials must be made in advance using the request button located on this page.

    Restrictions on Use and Reproduction

    Property rights to the objects belong to UCLA Library Special Collections. All other rights, including copyright, are retained by the creators and their heirs. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where The UC Regents do not hold the copyright.

    Provenance/Source of Acquisition

    Central American photos were purchased from H. L. Hoffenberg, art dealer, New York City in January, 1984.

    UCLA Catalog Record ID

    UCLA Catalog Record ID: 9982939183606533 

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], previous hit Eadweard Muybridge next hit Photographs (Collection 1979). UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles.

    Processing Note

    Processed by Sukey Garcetti in the Center for Primary Research and Training (CFPRT) with assistance from Jillian Cuellar, June, 2012.
    Collections are processed to a variety of levels depending on the work necessary to make them usable, their perceived user interest and research value, availability of staff and resources, and competing priorities. Library Special Collections provides a standard level of preservation and access for all collections and, when time and resources permit, conducts more intensive processing. These materials have been arranged and described according to national and local standards and best practices.
    We are committed to providing ethical, inclusive, and anti-racist description of the materials we steward, and to remediating existing description of our materials that contains language that may be offensive or cause harm. We invite you to submit feedback about how our collections are described, and how they could be described more accurately, by filling out the form located on our website: Report Potentially Offensive Description in Library Special Collections. 


    Born Edward James Muggeridge in Kingston-upon-Thames, England, April 9, 1830, previous hit Eadweard Muybridge next hit came to the U.S. in the summer of 1850 and opened a bookstore in San Francisco in 1955. After being seriously injured in a fall from a stagecoach, he returned to England, where he turned to photography. He came back to San Francisco in 1866 and did photographic work for the U.S. coast and Geodetic Survey.
    Muybridge achieved great fame through his photographic studies of animal and human locomotion. His studies began in 1872 when he was hired by railroad magnate Leland Stanford to prove that all four hooves of a horse left the ground during a trot. In the course of these studies, he invented devices to trip the shutters of a series of cameras to record animals in motion. He later developed a viewer called the zoopraxiscope, which allowed runs of motion photographs to be seen as if moving. These projects are now considered the forerunners of modern motion pictures.
    Muybridge was known for the wide variety of photos he took of scenes in California and western North America. These included stereo views of Alaska, Canada, California cities, Yosemite Valley, Mexico, and Central America. He gained notoriety in 1874 when he murdered his wife's lover and was acquitted of the crime in a much publicized trial.
    Born Edward James Muggeridge, he changed his name several times early in his U.S. career. First he changed his forenames to the Spanish equivalent Eduado Santiago. His surname appears at times as Muggridge and Muygridge, possibly due to misspellings, and Muybridge from the 1860's on. In the 1870's, he changed his first name to Eadweard, to match the spelling of King Edward, as shown on the plinth of the Kingston coronation stone. His name remained previous hit Eadweard Muybridge for the rest of his career, although his gravestone bears a further variant, Eadweard Maybridge. In the 1860's and 1870's, he also used the pseudonym Helios (Greek god of the sun), to sign many of his photographs. Helios was also the name of his studio, as well as the middle name of his only son, Florado Muybridge, born in 1874. Muybridge died in Kingston-upon-Thames on May 8, 1904.

    Scope and Content

    The collection is an incomplete set (39 of 51) of mammoth plate sepia albumen prints taken by Muybridge in 1872 and published in subsequent years by Bradley & Rulofson, 429 Montgomery Street, San Francisco. Thirty-four of the scenes are of the Yosemite Valley, four are of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and one is of the Mariposa Grove of mammoth trees. The Yosemite set is made up of prints made directly from his glass plate negatives and is mounted on cardboard; the prints are numbered by the photographer. There are also seven photos taken in Central America in 1875-1876.

    Organization and Arrangement

    Arranged in the following series:
    1. Yosemite photos, 1872
    2. Central American photos, 1875-1876

    Related Material

    In Collection #2050 Stereoscopic Views , there are five stereoscopic views of State Prison at San Quentin (#1603), Piute Chief's Lodge (#1574, from The Indians of California Series), and three photos of the State Asylum for the Dear and Dumb and Blind; Berkeley (Looking East #1767, West Front #1768, Pupils in the Chapel #1772 from the California Series).

    Related Items Available Online

    Related material to this collection has been digitized and is available online: Yosemite photographs by Muybridge (TR16.8 .M987y) .

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Yosemite Valley (Calif.) -- Photographs.
    Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.) -- Photographs.
    Central America -- Photographs.
    albumen prints