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Anderson (Martin) papers
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  • Access
  • Use
  • Preferred Citation
  • Processing Information
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement Statement
  • Related Materials

  • Title: Martin Anderson papers
    Date (inclusive): 1888-2015, bulk 1960-2010
    Collection Number: 83088
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: English
    Physical Description: 867 manuscript boxes, 1 VHS card file box, 22 oversize boxes, 2 audio cassette boxes, 2 phonograph boxes, 3 video cassette boxes, 3 oversize folders, 1 sound cassette, 25 VHS videocassettes, 2 U-matic videocassettes, 4 Betacam SP videocassettes, 8 sound tape reels, 2 lacquer sound discs, and digital media (400.86 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: Correspondence, speeches and writings, reports, printed matter, photographs, and audiovisual material relating to U.S. domestic policy, especially during the administrations of Richard M. Nixon and Ronald Reagan, adoption of all-volunteer military services, U.S. foreign policy, and Republican Party politics.
    Creator: Anderson, Martin, 1936-2015
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives


    Boxes 66, 71, 109, 124, 380, 381, 577-580, 628-632, and 849-850 may not be used without permission of the Archivist. The remainder of the collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Martin Anderson papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Processing Information

    This collection was processed over the course of 4 years, between 2018 and 2021, by Emily Gibson and project assistants Chris Bruce, Kathryn Carlson, LeeAnn Hagopian, Jennifer Pickens, Mark Prindiville, Victor Rodriguez II, and Jessica Yu. Originally stored in standard storage boxes and filing cabinets, original titles from box and folder labels have been retained. Titles were created by the archivist when an original title did not exist; square brackets have been used to identify these titles. Nested titles (i.e., a titled folder within a titled box, or a titled folder within another titled folder) have been identified with double-dashes. Files containing only one or two documents have been identified in file-level scope and content notes, using the language "This file contains only…"

    Biographical Note

    Martin Anderson (August 5, 1936–January 3, 2015) was an American academic, economist, author, policy analyst, and adviser to U.S. politicians and presidents, including Ronald Reagan and Richard Nixon. Under the Nixon administration, Anderson was credited with helping to end the military draft and bringing into existence the all-volunteer armed forces. Under Reagan, Anderson helped draft the administration's original economic program that became known as "Reaganomics." A political conservative and a strong proponent of free-market capitalism, he was influenced by libertarianism and opposed government regulations that limited individual freedom.
    Anderson wrote and edited numerous books on topics concerning urban renewal, military manpower, welfare reform, higher education, and his experiences advising Reagan and Nixon. Later he coedited four books on Reagan's writings and coauthored two books on Reagan's efforts to negotiate nuclear disarmament with the Soviet Union.
    For more information, please see the Martin Anderson Wikipedia article , written by Hoover archivists in 2022. For a detailed biographical timeline, please see the chronology.
    1936 August 9 Born in Lowell, Massachusetts to Ralph and Evelyn Anderson
    1953 Awarded scholarship for Dartmouth College
    1957 B.A. from Dartmouth College, A.B. summa cum laude
    1958 Master of Engineering and Business Administration at Dartmouth College, Thayer School of Engineering and Tuck School of Business Administration; received a prize for the highest all-round record in graduate school
    1958-1959 Second Lieutenant, Army Security Agency; ranked first in his class at the Army Security Agency School in both leadership and academics
    1959 Assistant to the Dean, Dartmouth College, Thayer School of Engineering
    1959 Summer Acting Dean, Dartmouth College, Thayer School of Engineering
    1959 Fall Awarded Ford Foundation Fellowship; studying economics and finance at the Joint Center for Urban Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University
    1961 Financial Analyst, Ford Motor Company
    1962 Ph.D. in Industrial Management, Joint Center for Urban Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University
    1962-1965 Assistant Professor of Finance, Columbia University Graduate School of Business
    1964 September Publication of The Federal Bulldozer: A Critical Analysis of Urban Renewal, 1949-1962, M.I.T. Press
    1965 September 25 Married to Annelise Graebner
    1965-1968 Associate Professor at Columbia University Graduate School of Business
    1967 Publication of The Federal Bulldozer, McGraw-Hill
    1967 Policy advisor, Richard Nixon presidential campaign
    1968 Director of research, Richard Nixon presidential campaign
    1968 November 3 - 1969 January 19 Assistant to President-elect, Nixon transition team
    1969-1970 Special Assistant to the President of the United States, Nixon cabinet (functioned as Arthur Burns's deputy for domestic policy)
    1970-1971 Consultant to the President of the United States for Systems Analysis; involved in the formulation of military manpower policy
    1971 Chairman, President's Commission on an All-Volunteer Armed Force; developed the legislation that abolished the draft
    1971-1975 Senior fellow, Hoover Institution
    1972-1975 Public interest director, Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco
    1972 August Head writer for the Republican party platform, Republican National Committee
    1973-1976 Member, Rockefeller Commission on Critical Choices for Americans
    1974 Chairman, White House task force on welfare reform; reviewed the HEW's Income Supplementation Plan for President-elect Gerald Ford
    1974-1976 Member, Council on Trends and Perspectives of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce
    1975-1976 Member, Defense Manpower Commission
    1975 Adjunct scholar, American Enterprise Institute (AEI)
    1975-1976 Issues adviser/Senior policy adviser, Ronald Reagan presidential campaign
    1976 August 16-19 Reagan campaign liaison to the Republican Platform Committee, Republican National Committee
    1976 Publication of Conscription: A Select and Annotated Bibliography, Hoover Institution Press
    1976-1978 Senior fellow, Hoover Institution
    1977-1991 Member, Committee on the Present Danger
    1978 Publication of Welfare: The Political Economy of Welfare Reform in the United States, Hoover Institution Press
    1979 Spring-Fall Deputy Chair for Policy Development, Reagan For President
    1979 Fall - 1980 Senior fellow, Hoover Institution
    1980 Spring Senior adviser, Ronald Reagan presidential campaign
    1980 July 14-17 Reagan campaign liaison to the Republican Platform Committee, Republican National Committee
    1980-1981 Senior adviser, Office of the President-elect
    1981-1982 Member, Military Manpower Task Force
    1981-1982 February Assistant to the President for Policy Development, Reagan cabinet
    1982-1998 Senior fellow, Hoover Institution
    1982 Publication of Registration and the Draft, Hoover Institution Press
    1982 Publication of The Military Draft, Hoover Institution Press
    1982-1985 Member, President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board
    1982-1989 Member, President's Economic Policy Advisory Board
    1984 Publication of An Economic Bill of Rights, Hoover Institution Press
    1984 August 20-23 Consultant, Republican Platform Committee
    1985 Publication of Stanford and Hoover and Academic Freedom: A Collection of Published Reports on the Relationship Between Stanford University and the Hoover Institution, Hoover Institution Press
    1985-1992 Trustee, Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation
    1986 Publication of An Insurance Missile Defense, Hoover Institution Press
    1987-1993 Member, President's General Advisory Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament
    1988 Publication of Revolution, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich
    1988 August 15-18 Consultant, Republican Platform Committee
    1990 Publication of Revolution: The Reagan Legacy, Hoover Institution Press
    1992 August 17-29 Delegate from California, Republican National Convention
    1992 Publication of Impostors in the Temple, Simon & Schuster
    1993-1994 National columnist, Scripps Howard News Service
    1993-1998 Member, California Governor Pete Wilson's Council of Economic Advisers
    1995 Senior policy adviser, Pete Wilson presidential campaign
    1996 Economic policy adviser/Senior adviser, Bob Dole presidential campaign
    1996 August 12-15 Delegate from California, Republican National Convention
    1996-1998 Television commentator, PBS Nightly Business Report
    1997 Publication of The Ten Causes of the Reagan Boom, 1982-1997, Hoover Institution Press
    1997-1998 Member, National Commission on the Cost of Higher Education; established under the Department of Education as a public advisory commission
    1998-2000 Policy adviser, George W. Bush presidential campaign
    1998-2001 Chairman, Congressional Policy Advisory Board; advised the House of Representatives Republican leadership
    1998-2015 Keith and Jan Hurlbut Fellow, Hoover Institution
    2000 July 31 - August 3 Delegate from California, Republican National Convention
    2001-2002 Policy advisor, Bill Simon gubernatorial campaign (California)
    2001 February Publication of Reagan, In His Own Hand: The Writings of Ronald Reagan That Reveal His Revolutionary Vision for America, Free Press; co-editor; wrote introduction and commentary
    2001 August 16 - 2005 July 19 Member, Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee
    2001 November Publication of Reagan, In His Own Voice: Ronald Reagan's Radio Addresses, Simon & Schuster Audio
    2003 Publication of Reagan: A Life in Letters, Simon & Schuster
    2004 December Publication of Reagan's Path to Victory: The Shaping of Ronald Reagan's Vision: Selected Writings, Simon & Schuster
    2005-2006 Member, Defense Advisory Committee on Military Compensation
    2007 October Publication of Stories In His Own Hand: The Everyday Wisdom of Ronald Reagan, Simon & Schuster
    2009 June Publication of Reagan's Secret War: The Untold Story of His Fight to Save the World from Nuclear Disaster, Random House, Inc.
    2015 Publication of Ronald Reagan: Decisions of Greatness, Hoover Institution Press
    2015 January 3 Death, Portola Valley, California

    Scope and Content of Collection

    This collection consists of the papers of Martin Anderson, created and accumulated over the course of his career as a policy advisor to United States presidents Ronald Reagan and Richard Nixon, influential conservative intellectual, and author of 13 books. The collection contains many forms of material, including briefing books, charts, correspondence (memorandums, letters, printouts of emails, telegrams, telephone messages, telex transcripts), course outlines and syllabi, directories and membership lists, ephemera (brochures, flyers, pamphlets, etc.), fact sheets, interview transcripts, lecture notes, lists and inventories, manuscript drafts, notes (to do lists, missed call messages, etc.), office files (meeting minutes, etc.), presidential statement drafts, press releases and press release drafts, printed matter (press clippings, magazines, newsletters, etc.), proposal drafts, reports and report drafts, Republican party platform drafts, schedules and itineraries, and speech scripts, transcripts and drafts.
    Of note:
    Approximately half of the files in the collection include writing by Martin Anderson (identified in the container list as "writing by Martin Anderson"), including meeting notes (taken during meetings and summarizing meetings), annotated documents, documents with corrections, thought summaries, and to-do lists.
    Much of the Advisory to Reagan and Advisory to Nixon series consist of internal staff communication (identified in the container list as "internal correspondence").
    Martin Anderson dated almost every document in the collection.
    Martin Anderson used small, red, cardboard squares to flag important documents. We have retained these flags and identify their location in the container list.
    News clippings found throughout the collection offer abundant historical context.
    The collection includes little information about Martin Anderson's youth or personal life.
    Annelise Graebner Anderson contributed description to the Advisory to Ronald Reagan series.

    Arrangement Statement

    The collection is arranged into the following 67 series, which are ordered chronologically by employment date:
    Advisory to Richard Nixon, 1958-1985, 676 files (processed by Emily Gibson, Jennifer Pickens, and Chris Bruce); Campaign subseries, 1958-1985, 277 files; Transition subseries, 1967-1980, 87 files; Administration subseries, 1960-1979, 294 files; Mixed Year subseries, 1960-1981, 18 files
    Advisory to Reagan, 1943-2010, 1,252 files (processed by Emily Gibson, Jennifer Pickens, and Chris Bruce); 1976 Campaign subseries, 1970-1987, 108 files; Campaign Interim subseries, 1968-1980, 192 files; 1980 Campaign subseries, 1972-2010, 464 files; Transition subseries, 1976-1981, 88 files; Administration subseries, 1943-2000, 333 files; Mixed Year subseries, 1962-1996, 67 files
    Columbia Graduate School of Business, 1953-1980, 194 files (processed by Victor Rodriguez II, Chris Bruce, and Mark Prindiville)
    Republican National Convention, 1962-2004, 198 files (processed by Mark Prindiville, Kathryn Carlson, and Chris Bruce)
    Commission on Critical Choices for America, 1973-1974, 19 files (processed by Chris Bruce)
    American Council of Young Political Leaders, 1970-1979, 23 files (processed by Emily Gibson and Jennifer Pickens)
    Defense Manpower Commission, 1974-1977, 152 files (processed by Victor Rodriguez II and Chris Bruce)
    President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board Files, 1976-2001, 61 files (processed by Chris Bruce)
    Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation and Library, 1959-1999, 259 files (processed by Chris Bruce and Mark Prindiville)
    General Advisory Committee on Arms Control and Disarmament, 1982-1993, 23 files (processed by Chris Bruce)
    Advisory to Pete Wilson, 1968-1998, 197 files (processed by LeeAnn Hagopian and Chris Bruce)
    Advisory to Bob Dole, 1974-1998, 190 files (processed by LeeAnn Hagopian, Mark Prindiville, and Chris Bruce)
    National Committee on the Cost of Higher Education, 1976-1999, 91 files (processed by Kathryn Carlson and Mark Prindiville)
    Advisory to George W. Bush, 1989-2009, 404 files (processed by Kathryn Carlson and Chris Bruce)
    Congressional Policy Advisory Board, 1996-2005, 13 files (processed by Chris Bruce)
    General Campaign Advisory, 1961-2009, 37 files (processed by Mark Prindiville, Chris Bruce, and Victor Rodriguez II)
    Hoover Institution, 1927-2005, 110 files (processed by Chris Bruce); 1980s Project subseries, 1976-1988, 21 files; Other subseries, 1927-2005, 89 files
    Daily Appointments, 1960-2008, 79 files (processed by Mark Prindiville)
    Biographical Files, 1917-2010, 113 files (processed by Mark Prindiville and Chris Bruce)
    Correspondence, 1958-2014, 937 files (processed by Mark Prindiville and Chris Bruce)
    Writings, 1920-2015, 3,007 files
    Unpublished Writings subseries, 1920-2010, 158 files (processed by LeeAnn Hagopian, Chris Bruce, and Mark Prindiville)
    Speeches and Engagements subseries, 1961-2006, 251 files (processed by Mark Prindiville, Chris Bruce, and LeeAnn Hagopian)
    Published Writings subseries, 1935-2015, 2,598 files; The Federal Bulldozer sub-subseris, 1956-2010, 165 files (processed by Chris Bruce, Victor Rodriguez II, and Mark Prindiville); Conscription sub-subseries, 1940s-1980, 90 files (processed by Mark Prindiville and Chris Bruce); Welfare sub-subseries, 1963-1982, 138 files (processed by Mark Prindiville and Chris Bruce); Economic Bill of Rights sub-subseries, 1975-1989, 38 files (processed by Mark Prindiville and Chris Bruce); Revolution sub-subseries, 1935-2000, 996 files (processed by Kathryn Carlson, Mark Prindiville, and Chris Bruce); Imposters in the Temple sub-subseries, 1956-2001, 644 files (processed by LeeAnn Hagopian, Chris Bruce, and Mark Prindiville); Reagan, In His Own Hand sub-subseries, 1960-2009, 51 files (processed by Victor Rodriguez II, Mark Prindiville, and Chris Bruce); Reagan, A Life in Letters sub-subseries, 1969-2015, 65 files (processed by Victor Rodriguez II, Mark Prindiville, and Chris Bruce); Reagan's Path to Victory sub-subseries, 1960-2009, 75 files (processed by Mark Prindiville); Stories in His Own Hand: The Everyday Wisdom of Ronald Reagan sub-subseries, 2001-2009, 12 files (processed by Mark Prindiville); Reagan's Secret War sub-subseries, 1967-2010, 146 files (processed by LeeAnn Hagopian, Mark Prindiville, and Chris Bruce); News Articles sub-subseries, 1960-2009, 164 files (processed by Victor Rodriguez II, Mark Prindiville, and Chris Bruce); Other sub-subseries, 1970-2015, 19 files (processed by Chris Bruce)
    Subject Files, 647 files, 1888-2015 (processed by Chris Bruce); All Volunteer Armed Force subseries, 1888-2010, 68 files; Balanced Budget Amendment subseries, 1971-1997, 30 files; Clinton Administration subseries, 1991-2000, 39 files; Constitutional Convention subseries, 1927-1989, 49 files; Economics subseries, 1942-1999, 36 files; Elections subseries, 1952-1997, 16 files; Foreign Intelligence subseries, 1964-2005, 11 files; George H. W. Bush subseries, 1979-1992, 41 files; Libertarianism subseries, 1969-1990, 10 files; Line-Item Veto subseries, 1891-1998, 18 files; Missile Defense subseries, 1966-2011, 64 files; National Service subseries, 1968-1995, 17 files; Policy Issues subseries, 1964-2000, 80 files; Ronald Reagan subseries, 1947-2015, 97 files; Welfare subseries, 1963-1997, 84 files
    Miscellany, 1916-2009, 121 files (processed by Chris Bruce and Jennifer Pickens)
    Audiovisual Recordings, 152 files (processed by Jennifer Pickens)
    Sound Recordings, 1919-2002, 90 files
    Video Recordings, 1960s-2000s, 62 files
    Digital Material, 1940-2009, 66 files
    Memorabilia, 1950 to 2009, 115 files (processed by Jennifer Pickens)
    Printed Matter, 1930s-2009, 61 files (processed by Emily Gibson)
    Photographs, 1970-1989, 5 files (processed by Emily Gibson)

    Related Materials

    Martin Anderson papers  at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library and Museum.
    Martin Anderson (White House Central Files: Staff Member and Office Files)  at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum.
    Collections of Martin Anderson's associates at Hoover Library and Archives:

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    United States -- Politics and government -- 1969-1974
    United States -- Foreign relations
    United States -- Politics and government -- 1981-1989
    Military service, Voluntary -- United States
    Reagan, Ronald
    Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994
    Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )