John Henry Hobart Peshine Papers mssPeshine

Gayle Richardson
The Huntington Library
July 2020
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108

Contributing Institution: The Huntington Library
Title: John Henry Hobart Peshine papers
Creator: Peshine, John Henry Hobart, 1847-1920
Identifier/Call Number: mssPeshine
Physical Description: 6 Linear Feet (5 boxes)
Date (inclusive): 1849-1903
Date (bulk): 1893-1897
Abstract: A collection of material related to the life and work of American dipolomat John Henry Hobart Peshine.
Language of Material: Materials are in English and Spanish.

Conditions Governing Access

Open for use by qualified researchers and by appointment. Please contact Reader Services at the Huntington Library for more information.

Conditions Governing Use

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. John Henry Hobart Peshine papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Mrs. Mary D. Anchordoquy, November 1938.

Biographical / Historical

John Henry Hobart Peshine (1847-1928) was an American military officer and diplomat. Peshine was born in Newark, New Jersey and at the age of 15 was appointed midshipman at the U. S. Naval Academy, but resigned in 1864 and accepted a commission in the Army. From 1893 to 1897 he served as military attaché at the court of King Alfonso XIII of Spain; during that time he provided the Department of State with detailed information on the Spanish military establishment. Peshine then served in the Philippines during and after the war with Spain; he retired from active duty in 1903 due to ill health and died in Santa Barbara, California, in May 1928.

Scope and Contents

A collection of 850 items from 1849 to 1903; the collection chiefly contains drafts of his dispatches to the Department of State sent during his tenure as U.S. military attaché in Madrid, Spain. Also included are reports on the Spanish military and diplomatic establishment, information about the Spanish forces in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. The collecion also contains a small amount of biographical material, family correspondence, and California land papers relating to the affairs of Peshine's father-in-law, Dr. James L. Ord.

Processing Information

Processed by Huntington Library Staff, circa 1940. In 2020, Gayle Richardson created the finding aid derived from a legacy summary report.


Arranged chronologically.


Former call number: mssPeshine papers.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Diplomats -- United States
Military attachés -- United States
Spanish-American War, 1898 -- Diplomatic history
Cuba -- History -- Revolution, 1895-1898
Philippines -- History -- 1812-1898
Puerto Rico -- History -- To 1898
Spain -- Foreign relations -- United States
Spain -- History, Military
Spain -- History -- Alfonso XIII, 1886-1931
United States -- Foreign relations -- Spain
United States -- History, Military
United States -- Politics and Government -- 1893-1897
Dispatches -- United States -- 19th century
Government records -- United States -- 19th century
Personal papers -- United States -- 19th century
Professional papers -- United States -- 19th century
Property records -- California -- 19th century
United States. Department of State

Box 1

Official Dispatches to Washington 1893-1896 June

Box 2

Official Dispatches to Washington; Diplomatic and Military communications 1896 July-1897 September

Box 3

Material relating to the Philippines; Reports on Cuban Affairs and Puerto Rico 1894-1902

Box 4

Material on Spanish Military establishments

Box 5

Biographic data, California land papers, miscellaneous items