Raymond Marshall was an
African-American US Army Air Corps Corporal who served in World War II, before military
service branches in the US were desegregated. Marshall was assigned to an Air Base Security
Battalion unit comprised of black enlisted men under the command of a white officer. He
served in the Pacific Theater, spending time in Hawaii and on other islands, including
Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa, among others. The Corporal Raymond Marshall Collection
documents Marshall's experiences in the war, and consists of a single diary Marshall used
from 1942-1945, including several pieces of ephemera and clippings he tucked between the
Raymond Marshall was a US Army Air Corps Corporal who served in World War II. As an
African-American man serving in the US military before it was desegregated, Marshall was
assigned to an Air Base Security Battalion unit comprised of black enlisted men under the
command of a white officer. Marshall was originally from Gilmer, Texas, and entered the Army
in September of 1942 aged 21 years. He served in the Pacific Theater, and was awarded the
Good Conduct Medal in February 1945.
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