Raymond Marshall was an African-American
US Army Air Corps Corporal who served in World War II, before military service branches
in the US were desegregated. Marshall was assigned to an Air Base Security Battalion
unit comprised of black enlisted men under the command of a white officer. He served in
the Pacific Theater, spending time in Hawaii and on other islands, including
Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa, among others. The Corporal Raymond Marshall
Collection documents Marshall's experiences in the war, and consists of a single
diary Marshall used from 1942-1945, including several pieces of ephemera and clippings
he tucked between the pages.
Raymond Marshall was a US Army Air Corps Corporal who served in World War II. As an
African-American man serving in the US military before it was desegregated, Marshall was
assigned to an Air Base Security Battalion unit comprised of black enlisted men under
the command of a white officer. Marshall was originally from Gilmer, Texas, and entered
the Army in September of 1942 aged 21 years. He served in the Pacific Theater, and was
awarded the Good Conduct Medal in February 1945.
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