This collection contains lantern slides with both photographs and illustrations of the 1873-1873 Modoc War, a conflict fought
in the lava beds at Tule Lake on the California-Oregon border between a small band
of Modoc Indians and the United States Army. The lantern slides include images of Indian scouts for the U.S. Army; U.S. Army
soldiers and camps, Modoc leaders and prisoners of war, and the lava beds that served as the Modocs'
stronghold. Notable images include portraits of Modoc leaders Captain Jack and Winema (Toby) Riddle, shaman Curly-headed Doctor,
and Indian scout Donald McKy. Within the collection, 26 photographs can be attributed to
, 13 to Louis Heller, and 2 to Putnam & Valentine.
The Modoc War, also known as the Modoc Campaign and Lava Bed Wars, was a conflict between a small group of Modoc Indians,
led by Kientpoos (Captain Jack), and the United States Army that was fought in the
lava beds at Tule Lake on the California-Oregon border from November 1872 to June 1873. During the war, 53 United States soldiers,
17 civilians, and 15 Modoc warriors
52 lantern slides in 1 box; lantern slides 8 x 10 cm. (3 x 4 in.) and smaller.
The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material,
nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and
obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.
The collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information,
please visit the Huntington's website: www.huntington.org.