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Benedet (Javier) papers
2013C11  
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Collection Details
 
Table of contents What's This?
  • Access
  • Use
  • Acquisition Information
  • Preferred Citation
  • Biographical Note
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Arrangement
  • Related Materials

  • Title: Javier Benedet papers
    Date (inclusive): 1900-1977
    Collection Number: 2013C11
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: The collection is in Spanish with some materials in English
    Physical Description: 22 manuscript boxes, 10 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (14.8 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: The Javier Benedet papers contain significant materials relating to the Spanish Civil War and to fundraising efforts in Northern California on behalf of the Republican side in that conflict. The papers also provide documentation on the plight of Republican refugees in the aftermath of the Civil War and on the political life of the Spanish anti-fascist diaspora in France, Mexico, and other countries.
    Creator: Benedet, Javier, 1904-1990
    Creator: Acción Demócrata Española
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Access

    The collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.

    Use

    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 2012.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Javier Benedet papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Biographical Note

    1904 Born, Siete Iglesias, Valladolid, Spain
    1910-1925 Lives in Mexico and is apprenticed as a bullfighter
    1925-1969 Works as a waiter in San Francisco, California
    1930s-1970s Secretary, Acción Demócrata Española. Active in fundraising on behalf of the Spanish Republic
    1969-1985 Works as a bartender in Mill Valley, California
    1990 Died

    Scope and Content of Collection

    The Javier Benedet papers contain significant materials relating to the Spanish Civil War and to fundraising efforts in Northern California on behalf of the Republican side in that conflict. The papers also provide documentation on the plight of Republican refugees in the aftermath of the Civil War and on the political life of the Spanish anti-fascist diaspora in France, Mexico, and other countries. In terms of volume, the Benedet papers presently constitute the second largest collection (after the Burnett Bolloten papers) in the archives pertaining to the Spanish Civil War.
    In the 1930s, Benedet was a founding member of Acción Demócrata Española, a political organization based in San Francisco and comprised largely of Spanish expatriates and immigrants. During the civil war that engulfed Spain in 1936-1939, the organization campaigned on behalf of the Spanish Republic and against the rightwing forces headed by Francisco Franco. By means of public appeals, festivals, and concerts, Acción Demócrata Española raised money that was sent to Republican Spain in aid of children affected by the war and, when the conflict was over, on behalf of Spanish refugees in France and elsewhere. Affiliated with the Sociedades Hispanas Aliadas, Acción Demócrata Española participated in the political life of the Spanish emigration in North America, maintaining a general anti-fascist orientation amidst the often bitter divisions among Spanish Republican factions. Its fundraising activities continued into the 1970s.
    As secretary of Acción Demócrata Española in San Francisco, Benedet played a key role both within the organization and as its public representative within the Hispanic community of Northern California. The organizational records series includes correspondence, minutes of meetings, and publicity materials used in the fundraising efforts of Acción Demócrata Española. There are a small number of writings by Benedet in the speeches and writings series. In addition to a number of monographs and pamphlets relating to Spanish politics, the large printed matter series contains copies of the many journals and newspapers received by Benedet before, during, and after the Spanish Civil War. These materials reflect a wide spectrum of political thought on the Republican side and include anarchist, socialist, communist, and independent publications. Also included in this series are numerous issues of España libre, the newspaper of the Sociedades Hispanas Confederadas in the United States and a major forum for Spanish Republican opinion after the end of the civil war.
    The collection also contains a number of posters relating to the Spanish Civil War and to various fiestas in Northern California organized by Acción Demócrata Española. There is also an original artwork by a child depicting a scene of aerial combat during the civil war.

    Arrangement

    The collection is organized into 6 series: Organizational records; Speeches and writings; Photographs; Printed matter; Oversize materials; Oversize folder.

    Related Materials

    Burnett Bolloten papers, Hoover Institution Library & Archives
    Leo Eloesser papers, Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939
    Spaniards -- United States
    Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939 -- Refugees
    Spain -- Emigration and immigration