Guide to the Fort Tejon State Historic Park Collection

Processed by Margo Lentz-Meyer
California State Parks Archives
4940 Lang Avenue Suite 114
McClellan, CA 95652
Phone: 916-263-0779
FAX: 916-663-0859
Email: department.archives@parks.ca.gov
URL: http://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=1080
© 2015
California State Parks Archives. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Fort Tejon State Historic Park Collection
Date (inclusive): 1845-2009
Date (bulk): (bulk 1980-1991)
Collection number: CSPA-351
Creator: Fort Tejon State Historic Park
Extent: 7 linear feet, including 1 map folder
Repository: California State Parks
McClellan, California 95652
Abstract: Fort Tejon State Historic Park is located in the San Emigdio Mountains near the top of the Grapevine Canyon, on the west side of Hwy 5 near the city of Lebec, California. The park was established in 1940 and contains 647 acres of oak-wooded hillsides, grassland, wetlands, riparian vegetation, restored and reconstructed buildings, and the ruins of Fort Tejon. The Fort Tejon State Historic Park Collection is arranged in fifteen series: 1. Correspondence, 2. Histories, 3. Ranger Logs, 4. Interpretation, 5. Subject Files, 6. Legal Documents, 7. Financial Documents, 8. Facilities Documents, 9. Maintenance Records, 10. Publications, 11. Ephemera, 12. Cartographic Material, 13. Photographic Material, 14. Media, and 15. Reports. Items span the years 1845-2009 with the bulk of the material falling between 1980-1991.
Physical Location: California State Parks Archives
Languages: Languages represented in this collection: English

Access

The collection is open for research. Cultural and archaeological site maps are restricted. Reports with sensitive data may be restricted. Consult repository for details.

Publication Rights

For permission to reproduce or publish, please consult the California State Parks Archives archivist. Permission for reproduction or publication is given on behalf of the California State Parks Archives, McClellan as the owner of the physical items. The researcher assumes all responsibility for possible infringement that may arise from reproduction or publication of materials from the California State Parks Archives.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Fort Tejon State Historic Park Collection, CSPA-351: [box: folder number], California State Parks Archives, McClellan, California.

Acquisition Information

Fort Tejon SHP donated the majority of the material in this collection in 2001. Additional correspondence and maps were added from Central Records in 2015.

Processing Information

Ethan Tratner processed part of this collection in 2013. Margo Lentz-Meyer finished processing and created and encoded its finding aid in 2015.

Administrative History

Fort Tejon State Historic Park is located in the San Emigdio Mountains near the top of the Grapevine Canyon, near the city of Lebec, California. Established in 1940, the park contains 647 acres of oak-wooded hillsides, grassland, wetlands, riparian vegetation, and the ruins of Fort Tejon.
The U.S. Army established Fort Tejon in 1854 to replace Fort Miller, control the Indians living on the Sebastian Indian Reservation, and to protect both the Indians and white settlers from raids by regional Indian groups. From 1854-1864 various regiments manned the Fort, including the 1st U.S. Dragoons. On September 11, 1864 the Federal government abandoned the Fort; the property became privately owned ranchland.
During the Fort's ten years of operation the Dragoons campaigned against the Indians, maintained civil order, and transported goods and people throughout the area. An interesting feature of the Fort was the U.S. Camel Corps. In the 1850s the U.S. Army experimented with the use of camels for transport across the arid south west. The project was quickly scrapped after the first official test in 1860 between Los Angeles and Fort Mojave. Prior to the Army's purchase, the camels were used to haul supplies for Edward F. Beale, former California Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and Samuel Bishop, Tejon Ranch owner.
The site of the fort is also well known for the grave marker of Peter LeBec, an early frontiersmen and fur trapper, mauled by a bear. Little further evidence of LaBec has surfaced but many fantastical stories have circulated creating a mysterious and exciting past for the man buried under LeBec Tree.
In 1936 Fort Tejon was listed as California Historic Landmark #129 (not dedicated until 1954). In 1940 Tejon Ranch donated seven acres of land to the state for the establishment of the park. Between 1940 and 1955 Tejon Ranch donated an additional 199 acres. The Department of Parks and Recreation owns the majority of the area associated with the garrison portion of the Fort Tejon complex. Portions of the site � including the quartermaster facilities and storehouses � are not state owned property.
In June 1962 the park was officially classified and renamed Fort Tejon State Historic Park. Since then small portions of the original fort complex have been reconstructed or preserved. The buildings at the park feature a number of interpretive displays where re-enactors teach park guests about the daily lives of the soldiers stationed at the fort. Other museum exhibits cover topics of army life and local history. The park features a campground, picnic area, hiking trails, and civil war re-enactments. The fort was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. In the mid-2000s a second donation of property from a private landowner added an additional 442 acres to the park.

Scope and Content of Collection

The Fort Tejon State Historic Park Collection is arranged in sixteen series: 1. Correspondence, 2. Histories, 3. Ranger Logs, 4. Interpretation, 5. Subject Files, 6. Legal Documents, 7. Financial Documents, 8. Facilities Documents, 9. Maintenance Records, 10. Publications, 11. Ephemera, 12. Cartographic Material, 13. Photographic Material, 14. Media, 15. Reports, and 16. Restricted Material. Items span the years 1845-2009 with the bulk of the material falling between 1980-1991.
Series one, Correspondence, is divided into three categories: General Correspondence, Civil War Association of America Correspondence and Legal Correspondence. Series two, Histories, contains bibliographic material, general research, and histories on the park and local area.
Series three, Ranger Logs, contains copies of Ranger Logs � from the years 1948-1951 � recording daily conditions and operations at the park. Series four, Interpretation, includes interpretive plans, programs, collections documentation, and exhibition materials. Series five, Subject Files, is divided into two subseries: General Plan and Archaeology.
Series six, Legal Documents, includes agreements, deeds, contracts, and rules and regulations documents. Series seven, Financial Documents, contains contracts, budgets and project proposals. Series eight, Facilities Documents, consists of building descriptions. Series nine, Maintenance Records, includes maintenance project proposals, schedules, and plans.
Series ten, Publications, encompasses articles, newspaper and magazine clippings, workshop materials, and guides not published by parks. Series eleven, Ephemera, contains post cards, event flyers, stationary, and pamphlets from Fort Tejon State Historic Park and Tejon Ranch. Series twelve, Cartographic Material, includes blue-prints, architectural drawings, and maps. Series thirteen, Photographic Material, consists of slides, negatives, and prints. Series fourteen, Media, consists of microfiche, audio cassettes, and CDs.
Series fifteen, Reports, includes reports produced by State of California Department of Parks and Recreation and cultural resource management contractors. Series sixteen, Restricted Material, consists of cultural and archaeological records and reports containing sensitive information.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
California. Department of Parks and Recreation
Chumash Indians
Cultural resources
Esthetic resources
Fort Tejon (Calif.)
Lebec (Calif.)
Natural resources
Recreational resources
Sebastian Indian Reservation
United States. Army. Camel Corps


Collection Contents

Box 1 : 1 - 4 : 8

Series 1.  Correspondence 1934-2009

Physical Description: 32 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

Correspondence is arranged chronologically and is divided into three categories: General Correspondence, Civil War Association of America Correspondence, and Legal Correspondence. The content's whereabouts for the years 1941-1944, 1960-1961, 1973, and 1975 are unknown.
Box 1 : 1

General Correspondence 1934-1940

Box 1 : 2

General Correspondence 1945-1949

Box 1 : 3

General Correspondence 1950-1951

Box 1 : 4

General Correspondence 1952

Box 1 : 5

General Correspondence 1953

Box 1 : 6

General Correspondence 1954-1959

Box 1 : 7

General Correspondence 1962-1972

Box 1 : 8

General Correspondence 1974

Box 2 : 1

General Correspondence 1976-1979

Box 2 : 2

General Correspondence 1980-1984

Box 2 : 3

General Correspondence 1985

Box 2 : 4

General Correspondence Jan 1986 - Mar 1986

Box 2 : 5

General Correspondence Apr 1982 - July 1982

Box 2 : 6

General Correspondence Aug 1986 - Dec 1986

Box 2 : 7

General Correspondence Jan 1987 - Apr 1987

Box 3 : 1

General Correspondence May 1987 - June 1987

Box 3 : 2

General Correspondence July 1987 - Aug 1987

Box 3 : 3

General Correspondence Sep 1987 - Dec 1987

Box 3 : 4

General Correspondence Jan 1988 - Mar 1988

Box 3 : 5

General Correspondence Apr 1988 - June 1988

Box 3 : 6

General Correspondence July 1988 - Dec 1988

Box 3 : 7

General Correspondence Jan 1989 - Apr 1989

Box 3 : 8

General Correspondence May 1989 - Dec 1989

Box 3 : 9

General Correspondence Jan 1990 - June 1990

Box 4 : 1

General Correspondence July 1990 - Dec 1990

Box 4 : 2

General Correspondence 1991

Box 4 : 3

General Correspondence 2002 2009

Box 4 : 4

Civil War Association of America Correspondence 1983

Box 4 : 5

Legal Correspondence 1952-1956

Box 4 : 6

Legal Correspondence 1957-1958

Box 4 : 7

Legal Correspondence 1959-1963

Box 4 : 8

Legal Correspondence 1964-1965

Box 4 : 9 - 5 : 8

Series 2.  Histories 1851-1991 undated

Physical Description: 9 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series is arranged alphabetically. It contains bibliographic material, general research, and histories of the park and local area.
Box 4 : 9

Bibliographic Cards (1 of 2) undated

Box 5 : 1

Bibliographic Cards (2 of 2) undated

Box 5 : 2

Camel Corps Articles and General Background 1857-1979 undated

Box 5 : 3

Essays on Fort Tejon by George Stammerjohan 1989

Box 5 : 4

Fort Tejon Muster Rolls 1855-1859

Box 5 : 5

General Histories, A-F undated

Box 5 : 6

General Histories, G-W undated

Box 5 : 7

Information on William Tudor Gardiner 1855-1991

Box 5 : 8

Native Americans at Fort Tejon 1851-1986 undated

Box 6 : 1 - 6 : 2

Series 3.  Ranger Logs 1948-1951 undated

Physical Description: 2 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

This series contains copies of Ranger Logs describing environmental conditions and daily operations at the park. The logs are arranged chronologically.
Box 6 : 1

Ranger Logs 1948-1950

Box 6 : 2

Ranger Logs 1950-1951 undated

Box 6 : 3 - 8 : 6

Series 4.  Interpretation 1957-1991 undated

Physical Description: 26 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series includes interpretive plans, programs, collections documentation, and exhibition materials. The materials are arranged alphabetically by subject or title.
Box 6 : 3

Collections Correspondence 1983-1987

Box 6 : 4

Interpretation Correspondence 1957-1987

Box 6 : 5

Catalogue Cards 082 1967-1984

Box 6 : 6

Catalogue Cards 243 and 304 1967-1986

Box 6 : 7

Catalogue Cards 517 1968-1987

Box 7 : 1

Catalogue of Museum Objects: 082-x and 082-z 1987-1988

Box 7 : 2

Comments on Museum Rooms at Fort Tejon by the Inventory Team 1983

Box 7 : 3

Dedication of Display at Fort Tejon 1977

Box 7 : 4

Environmental Living Program 1975

Box 7 : 5

Exhibit Rehabilitation Projects 1985-1986

Box 7 : 6

Exhibit Text and Graphics 1986-1987 undated

Box 7 : 7

Fort Tejon Interpretive Building Notes 1968-1991 undated

Box 7 : 8

Index of Purchase Documents 1988

Box 7 : 9 - 7 : 10

Interpretive Collections Inventory undated

Box 7 : 11

Interpretive Planning for Quartermaster's Building 1991

Box 7 : 12

Interpretive Themes undated

Box 7 : 13

Interpretive Work Requests 1985-1990

Box 7 : 14

Inventory by Object, Fort Tejon: Officer's Quarters, Barracks, and Visitor Center 1988

Box 7 : 15

Inventory of Native American Objects for Exhibit 1986

Box 8 : 1

Inventory of Objects in the Officer's Quarters 1972

Box 8 : 2

List of Museum Objects 1988

Box 8 : 3

Museum Exhibit Recordings 1965

Box 8 : 4

Preliminary Interpretive Plan Documents 1986

Box 8 : 5

Visitor Center: Exhibit Text 1986

Box 8 : 6

Visitor Center: Exhibit Text 1987

Box 8 : 7 - 9 : 5

Series 5.  Subject Files 1932-1991 undated

Physical Description: 15 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series is divided into two subseries and arranged alphabetically. The two subseries are: General Plan and Archaeology.
Box 8 : 7 - 8 : 12

Subseries 5.1.  General Plan 1932-1989 undated

Physical Description: 6 file folders

Subseries Scope and Content Summary

This series contains drafts and correspondence about the Fort Tejon General Plan. The folders are arranged alphabetically.
Box 8 : 7

Correspondence 1987-1988

Box 8 : 8

Draft Reviews of Resource Element 1988

Box 8 : 9

Environmental Impact Report Draft Comments 1989

Box 8 : 10

General Plan Draft Comments 1989

Box 8 : 11

Kern County Chamber of Commerce � Why Fort Tejon Should be Preserved as a State Park 1932 1950

Box 8 : 12

Land Use and Facilities Element Draft Comments 1988

Box 8 : 13 - 9 : 5

Subseries 5.2.  Archaeology 1988-1991 undated

Physical Description: 9 file folders

Subseries Scope and Content Summary

Arranged chronologically, contains: artifact catalogues, accession records, and interagency agreements.
Box 8 : 13

Archaeological Accession Record 1988

Box 8 : 14

Archaeological Catalogue P953 1991

Box 8 : 15 - 8 : 16

Archaeological Catalogue - Interagency Agreement 4-378-8405 for Work Performed on the Archaeological Collection at Fort Tejon 1988-1989

Box 9 : 1

Archaeological Catalogue- Interagency Agreement 4-378-8405 for Work Performed on the Archaeological Collection at Fort Tejon 1988-1989

Box 9 : 2

Artifacts Excavated at Fort Tejon 1998 undated

Box 9 : 3

Fort Tejon Project 17-F2-157: Notes, Indexes, and Sketches undated

Box 9 : 4

Statewide Resource Management Program Project Status Report 1987-1988

Box 9 : 5

Utility Line Excavations 1989

Box 9 : 6

Series 6.  Legal Documents 1953-1958 undated

Physical Description: 1 file folder

Series Scope and Content Summary

Arranged chronologically. The series includes: agreements, deeds, contracts, and rules and regulations documents.
Box 9 : 6

Legal Documents 1953-1958 undated

Box 9 : 7 - 10 : 3

Series 7.  Financial Documents 1983-1988

Physical Description: 6 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series contains contracts, budgets, and project proposals. The documents are arranged alphabetically by subject.
Box 9 : 7

Dorfman Museum Figures Contracts 1987-1988

Box 9 : 8

General Financial Documents 1949 1985-1986

Box 9 : 9

Museum Furnishing Contracts, (1 of 2) 1987

Box 10 : 1

Museum Furnishing Contracts, (2 of 2) 1987

Box 10 : 2

Museum Furnishing Contracts 1988

Box 10 : 3

Tree Hazard Control and Roofing Bids 1983

Box 10 : 4

Series 8.  Facilities Documents 1988

Physical Description: 1 file folder

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series consists of one folder containing short descriptions of the buildings at Fort Tejon. Arranged chronologically.
Box 10 : 4

Fort Tejon Structures: Compiled by George Stammerjohn and John Kelly 1988

Box 10 : 5 - 10 : 7

Series 9.  Maintenance Records 1982-2000

Physical Description: 3 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

Arranged chronologically, the series consists of maintenance project proposals, schedules, and plans.
Box 10 : 5

Pedestrian Foot Bridge Proposals and Drawings 1982

Box 10 : 6

Schedule for Maintenance or Housekeeping 1983

Box 10 : 7

Stabilization Projects 1989-2000

Box 10 : 8 - 11 : 6

Series 10.  Publications 1853-1994 undated

Physical Description: 13 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

Arranged alphabetically by title, with the exception of newspaper, journal, and magazine clippings, these are arranged chronologically.
Box 10 : 8

California's Historical Monuments, Forward by Governor Edmund G. Brown 1965

Box 10 : 9

Camels in Texas, by The San Jacinto Museum of History Association 1956

Box 10 : 10

Camels in the West, by Deane and Peggy Robertson 1979

Box 10 : 11

The Expedition of Captain J.W. Davidson from Fort Tejon to the Owens Valley in 1859, Edited by Philip J. Wilke and Harry W. Lawton 1976

Box 10 : 12

Fort Tejon State Historic Park Newsletters, No. 1-8 1988-1989

Box 10 : 13

Gateways to California, by Don J. Baxter 1968

Box 10 : 14

Historic Chronology of Kern County: In the Days of '49, by Richard C. Bradley 1966

Box 11 : 1

Journal Articles 1930-1994 undated

Box 11 : 2

Magazine Articles 1944-1956

Box 11 : 3

Newspaper Clippings 1853-1990 undated

Box 11 : 4

The Life and Death of Peter Lebec, by Raymond F. Wood 1954

Box 11 : 5

Overland to the Pacific - Information Pamphlet - Brochure No. 1 1956

Box 11 : 6

Quarterly Bulletins 1954-1959

Box 11 : 7

Series 11.  Ephemera 1986-1988 undated

Physical Description: 1 file folder

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series contains post cards, event flyers, stationary, and pamphlets from Fort Tejon State Historic Park and Tejon Ranch.
Box 11 : 7

Fort Tejon and Tejon Ranch Ephemera 1986-1988 undated

Box 11 : 8 - 11 : 10

Series 12.  Cartographic Material 1855-1989 undated

Physical Description: 3 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series includes blue-prints, architectural drawings, and maps. These are arranged chronologically. Contact archivist for a complete list.
Box 11 : 8

List of Drawings by Unit and Type: CA DPR 1987

Box 11 : 9

Maps and Floorplans 1855-1989 undated

Box 11 : 10

Oversized Maps 1952-1980 undated

Box 11 : 11 - 11 : 16

Series 13.  Photographic Material 1845-2002 undated

Physical Description: 6 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

All of the photographs are separated by type and arranged chronologically. The series consists of slides, negatives, and prints.
Box 11 : 11

Slides 1983 1987 1989

Box 11 : 12

Negatives 1980 1989 1991 undated

Box 11 : 13

4 x 6 Prints 1936-2002 undated

Box 11 : 14

8 x 10 Prints: Archaeological Digs, 300713-300738 undated

Box 11 : 15

8 x 10 Prints: Landscapes and Portraits undated

Box 11 : 16

Reproductions of Francis B. Mayer Drawings 1845

Box 11 : 17

Series 14.  Media 1871-2009

Physical Description: 1 file folder

Series Scope and Content Summary

The series consists of microfiche, audio cassettes, and CDs. Items are arranged chronologically.
Box 11 : 17

Media Inventory 1871-2009

Box 12 : 1 - 16 : 10

Series 15.  Reports 1934-2007 undated

Physical Description: 55 file folders

Series Scope and Content Summary

Documents produced by California State Parks or Parks contractors are arranged alphabetically by title. Reports are arranged alphabetically by first letter of the report to coincide with the Department Unit Data File System.
Box 12 : 1

A Report on Fort Tejon in 1859 1987

Box 12 : 2

An Archeological Report on Fort Tejon State Historic Monument 1961

Box 12 : 3

Application for Registration of Historical Point of Interest � Fort Tejon 1934

Box 12 : 4

Archaeological Data Recovery Excavations at Site of Proposed Interpretation Facility 1992

Box 12 : 5

Archaeological Investigations at the Hospital Building Site undated

Box 12 : 6

California Historical Landmark Series: Fort Tejon Landmark #129 1936

Box 12 : 7

DPR 183: Project Evaluation 2004

Box 12 : 8

DPR 656: Resource Management Project Proposal 1984-1990

Box 12 : 9

DPR 659: Cultural Resource Evaluation 1980-1985

Box 12 : 10

DPR 663: Archaeological Accession Record 1991

Box 12 : 11

DPR 750: Historic Building Survey 1970

Box 12 : 12

Excavation Plan Lower Officer's Quarters 2000

Box 12 : 13

Field Assessment and Preservation/Seismic Study Recommendations 2001

Box 12 : 14

Fort Tejon Resource Element, Draft 1982

Box 12 : 15

Fort Tejon State Historic Park, "A Short Interpretive History" 1992

Box 12 : 16

Fort Tejon State Historic Park Furnishing Plan Barracks 1986

Box 12 : 17

Fort Tejon State Historic Park Furnishing Plan Officer's Quarters 1986

Box 13 : 1 - 13 : 2

Fort Tejon State Historic Park General Plan 1989

Box 13 : 3

Fort Tejon State Historic Park General Plan 1989

Box 13 : 4

Fort Tejon State Historic Park General Plan, Interpretation of Barracks Building #1 1969

Box 13 : 5

Fort Tejon State Historic Park General Plan: Interpretation Report undated

Box 13 : 6 - 13 : 7

Fort Tejon State Historic Park General Plan: Interpretation Plan 1986

Box 14 : 1

Fort Tejon State Historic Park General Plan, Preliminary 1989

Box 14 : 2

Fort Tejon State Historic Park Interpretive Program 1986

Box 14 : 3

Fort Tejon State Historic Park Interpretive Prospectus, South Valley Area 1975

Box 14 : 4 - 14 : 5

Fort Tejon State Historic Park, Part 1: Historic Analysis of Siting and Construction of Fort Tejon 1984

Box 14 : 6

Fort Tejon State Historic Park Preliminary Resource Inventory 1987

Box 14 : 7

Fort Tejon State Historic Park � Teacher Handbook 1988

Box 14 : 8

Fort Tejon State Historic Park � The Student Living History Program: Teacher's Handbook 2001

Box 14 : 9

Fort Tejon State Historic Park � Volunteer Handbook 1989

Box 14 : 10

Inland Region Activities CEQA Evaluation 1987-1989

Box 14 : 11

Interpretive Element for Fort Tejon State Historic Park, Preliminary Subject to Review 1988

Box 14 : 12

Monitoring Report for Fort Tejon State Historic Park 2002

Box 15 : 1

Museum Artifact Collections from Fort Tejon 1989

Box 15 : 2

Museum Collections Inventory: Interpretive Collections Section 1983

Box 15 : 3

Museum Collections Inventory: Interpretive Collections Section with Notes 1983

Box 15 : 4

National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form 1970

Box 15 : 5 - 15 : 6

Non-Commissioned Officers of Company A: Fort Tejon Reader 3 1990

Box 15 : 7

Park Potential Study: Fort Tejon State Historical Monument 1965

Box 15 : 8

Preliminary Historic Structure Report: Barracks #1, Fort Tejon State Historic Park 2000

Box 15 : 9

Proposal for Archaeological Research at Fort Tejon, Kern County 1968

Box 16 : 1

Report of Archaeological Testing at the 1850s Guardhouse and Prison 1986

Box 16 : 2

Report on Interior Furnishings of the Enlisted Men's Barracks at Fort Tejon and Fort Humboldt 1965

Box 16 : 3

Report on the Preliminary Investigation of Fort Tejon, Kern County 1936

Box 16 : 4

Report on the Small Fort Tejon Exhibit Figures and Others by Henry Dolim 1987

Box 16 : 5

Resource Inventory � Appendix AL-I � Animal Species List Fort Tejon State Historic Park 1988

Box 16 : 6

Site Visit Report � Fort Tejon State Historic Park and Tule Elk State Reserve 2007

Box 16 : 7

Soil Analysis Report for the Fort Tejon Samples 1989

Box 16 : 8

Test Excavation at Interpretive Facility Fort Tejon State Historic Park 1991

Box 16 : 9

The Building of Fort Tejon 1932

Box 16 : 10

The Post Bakery and its Bakers: Fort Tejon Reader, No. 2 1990