Jump to Content

Collection Guide
Collection Title:
Collection Number:
Get Items:
Schardt (Alois) Papers and Photographs, 1917-1983, undated, bulk 1917-1956
View entire collection guide What's This?
PDF (108.89 Kb) HTML
Search this collection
Collection Details
Table of contents What's This?
  • Descriptive Summary
  • Biographical / Historical Note
  • Administrative Information
  • Scope and Content of Collection
  • Indexing Terms

  • Descriptive Summary

    Title: Alois Schardt papers and photographs
    Date (inclusive): 1917-1983, undated (bulk 1917-1956)
    Number: 910172
    Creator/Collector: Schardt, Alois J. (Alois Jakob), 1889-1955
    Physical Description: 6.5 Linear Feet (18 boxes)
    The Getty Research Institute
    Special Collections
    1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 1100
    Los Angeles 90049-1688
    URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10020/askref
    (310) 440-7390
    Abstract: This collection is comprised of photographs, negatives, lectures, transcripts, correspondences, and other ephemera documenting Alois Schardt's career as a German art historian and museum director before, during, and after World War II. After being forced from job at the National Gallery of Berlin in 1933, Schardt was censored by the Nazi party. He left for the United States in 1940 with his photographs. The bulk of this collection consists of photographs and negatives, primarily of Christian art and architecture. His photographs for publication can also be found in the collection. Also present are lectures in English, transcripts of Schardt's published and unpublished manuscripts, and personal and professional correspondence.
    Request Materials: Request access to the physical materials described in this inventory through the catalog record   for this collection. Click here for the access policy .
    Language: Collection material is in German

    Biographical / Historical Note

    Alois Schardt was a German art historian and museum director. He was already serving as director of the Moritzburg Museum in Halle in 1933 when he was appointed director of the National Gallery in Berlin, replacing Ludwig Justi, who was forced from his job by the Nazis. Schardt was dismissed within months, and his newly-hung galleries, like those of Justi before him, were not opened to the public. Later he was forbidden to teach at the Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, to speak in public, or to publish. He left for the United States in 1940, bringing some installation photographs with him.

    Administrative Information


    Open for use by qualified researchers.

    Publication Rights

    Preferred Citation

    Alois Schardt papers and photographs, 1917-1983, undated, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Accession no. 910172.

    Processing History

    Cataloging (brief) completed January 29, 1993 by JMD.
    Cataloging (full) completed August 19, 1994 by JMD.

    Scope and Content of Collection

    Schardt's papers document part of the Nazis' movement against Expressionist art in the 1930s. Included are approximately 30 photographs of galleries he had hung in the Kronprinzen-Palais and the Moritzburg Museum, and roughly 100 photographs of works by Expressionist artists such as Willi Baumeister, Paul Klee, and Wilhelm Lembruck. Some of these photographs, like that of Klee's Wintergarten, may be unique images of a now lost or destroyed work. The papers also contain correspondence related to his dismissal from the National Gallery Berlin, as well as manuscripts of his published and unpublished writing on many aspects of art history and art criticism. Also present is limited professional and personal correspondence up until his death in 1955, and a wide variety of photographs of Christian art and architecture (mainly German) from the Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque periods.


    Arranged in three series: , , .Series I. Correspondence and ephemera Series II. Writings and lectures Series III. Photographs and negatives

    Indexing Terms

    Subjects - Corporate Bodies

    National-Galerie (Germany).
    Städtisches Moritzburg-Museum.

    Subjects - Topics

    National socialism and art
    Christian art and symbolism -- Germany.
    Art museum directors -- Germany.
    Expressionism (Art) -- Germany.

    Genres and Forms of Material

    Photographs, Original
    Negatives -- 20th Century.


    Schardt, Alois J. (Alois Jakob), 1889-1955
    Rust, Bernhard
    Barlach, Ernst, 1870-1938.
    Baumeister, Willi, 1889-1955.
    Feininger, Lyonel, 1871-1956.
    Gurlitt, Hildebrand.
    Justi, Ludwig
    Lehmbruck, Wilhelm
    Marc, Maria
    Nierendorf, Karl
    Klee, Paul