Finding Aid to the Manuel boyFrank Papers, 1916-1984 Coll2013-028

Kyle Morgan
Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the Council on Library and Information Resources.
ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California 90007
(213) 821-2771

Language of Material: English
Contributing Institution: ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Title: Manuel boyFrank papers
creator: boyFrank, Manuel
Identifier/Call Number: Coll2013-028
Physical Description: 4 Linear Feet 8 archive cartons
Date (inclusive): 1916-1984
Abstract: Correspondence, writings, and subject files of Manuel boyFrank, 1916-1984. Manuel boyFrank was a military serviceman, ONE Incorporated board member, unpublished writer, and gay activist. The collection includes his 1940s correspondence with early gay activist pioneers Henry Gerber and Frank McCourt as well as his 1950s and 1960s correspondence with ONE Incorporated.

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, writings, and subject files of Manuel boyFrank, 1916-1984. The correspondence comprises letters written to and by boyFrank, including correspondence with Henry Gerber, Frank McCourt, and ONE Incorporated. The writings consist of unpublished stories written by boyFrank. The subject files consist of clippings, transcribed texts from published materials, correspondence, photographs, and notes and writings by boyFrank on various topics.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Kyle Morgan, 2013. Additional materials added by Kyle Morgan, 2015.

Preferred Citation

[Box/folder #, or item name] Manuel boyFrank Papers, Coll2013-028, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California.


Date and method of acquisition unknown.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the ONE Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives at USC Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.


Manuel boyFrank was born on May 21, 1900, and raised in Oklahoma. Official records list him as Manuel Boyfrank, ONE Incorporated records list him as Monwell Boyfrank, and occasional correspondence has him using Manuel Boy Frank or Manuel boy Frank; however, he most commonly signed his correspondence as Manuel boyFrank. boyFrank served overseas in World War I, then remained enlisted in the armed forces with stints in the Army, Navy, and Coast Guard until retiring, line-of-duty-disabled, in 1940. boyFrank went to New York in 1930 where he met gay activist pioneers Henry Gerber and Frank McCourt, but upon his retirement in 1940, he moved to Southern California where he remained until the final years of his life. He held various jobs in Southern California before joining the Los Angeles Civil Service, from which he retired in 1965. boyFrank became a Vice President on the board of ONE Incorporated in 1964 and remained an officer until 1968. boyFrank died January 13, 1982.

Related Archival Materials

ONE Incorporated records, Coll2011.001, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Subjects and Indexing Terms

Gay men's writings
Gay men
Gays -- Correspondence
boyFrank, Manuel
Gerber, Henry -- Correspondence
McCourt, Frank -- Correspondence
One, Inc -- Correspondence


Correspondence Series 1. 1940-1980

Scope and Contents

Correspondence Manuel boyFrank maintained with various people and organizations, 1940-1980. Included are the exchanges between boyFrank and Henry Gerber, Frank McCourt, and ONE Institute. Legends created by an unknown source, presumably after boyFrank's death, exist for both the Gerber and McCourt correspondences.


The correspondence is arranged in alphabetical order by the topic, organization, or last name of the correspondent. Correspondence organized by date is listed first, while unattributed correspondence is listed at the end of the series.
Box 1, Folder 1-2

1940s 1942-1948

Physical Description: [1 folder of original letters, 1 folder of photocopies]

Scope and Contents

Original letters include correspondence with William Osteck and Mr. Mackenzie.
Box 1, Folder 3-4

1950s 1950-1958

Physical Description: [1 folder of original letters, 1 folder of photocopies]

Scope and Contents

Original letters include correspondence with the Bachelor's League of America, W.W. Williams, Edward M. Hulme, John Storck, R.J. Sigafoos, Fred Frisbie, Charles Rowland, Mark Arnold, and Ervin W. Hillhouse.
Box 1, Folder 5

1960s 1960-1966

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with L.J. Caron, Reed Erickson, Winston Book, the U.S. Coast Guard's eleventh district commander, and the DSI organization.
Box 8, Folder 22

Adams, Edward 1947

Box 8, Folder 23

Albert, William 1947

Box 8, Folder 24

Bachelor's League of America 1953

Box 8, Folder 25

Birch, Guy Irvin 1947

Box 8, Folder 26

British Combine 1947

Box 1, Folder 6

Combe, George A. 1958-1963

Scope and Contents

Former sailor, soldier, and printer discusses homosexual interests.
Box 1, Folder 7

Craig, Steven M. 1970

Scope and Contents

Discusses the organization ONE in Phoenix (Arizona).
Box 1, Folder 8

Cumberland, Russell 1941

Box 1, Folder 9

Durham, Fred B. 1968

Scope and Contents

Includes three black-and-white photographs. Correspondence mentions ONE Incorporated and "Trojans."
Box 1, Folder 10

Eckman, James R. undated

Scope and Contents

Discusses the potential publication of a book and periodical. Associated with correspondence with Steven L. Watts.
Box 1, Folder 38

Evans, Foy 1946-1947

Scope and Contents

Correspondence pertains to the publishing of short stores.
Box 1, Folder 11

Gabel, Mrs. A.H. 1946

Box 1, Folder 12-24

Gerber, Henry 1940-1957

Physical Description: [13 folders]

Scope and Contents

Folder 12 contains two legends to the correspondence. The first legend contains brief descriptions of the content of each letter. The second legend contains the salutation, location, date, and signature of each letter as well as notes regarding how the letter was written (e.g. typescript, handwritten) and on what type of paper. Folders 13-21 comprise correspondence in the order as listed in the second legend. Folder 22 contains miscellaneous Gerber writings. Folder 23 contains copies of letters Gerber wrote to various periodicals. Folder 24 contains duplicate copies of letters. Although the folders have new box and folder numbers in the upper righthand corner, the original folder numbers as listed in the second legend (ex. f4, f5, f6, etc...) have been retained on the folders for identification purposes. Note that folders 22 and 23 have original folder numbering which is not represented in the second legend. Folders 12 and 24 have no original folder numbering.
Box 8, Folder 27

Glover, Norman 1965

Box 1, Folder 25

Holdridge, Herbert 1956-1957

Scope and Contents

Mentions ONE incorporated.
Box 1, Folder 26

Harvath, Barton R. 1944

Scope and Contents

Discusses purchasing photographic images of men.
Box 1, Folder 27

Kepner, Jim 1970-1979

Box 1, Folder 28-29

Longfellow, Foss H. 1947-1948

Physical Description: [2 folders]

Scope and Contents

Discusses purchasing male nude drawings.
Box 8, Folder 28

Longfellow, Foss H. 1948-1950

Box 1, Folder 30

Mattachine Society 1961-1967

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence to Hal Call and Don Lucas in San Francisco as well as a Los Angeles Mattachine Society membership form and one mass mailing each from the Los Angeles, San Francisco, and New York chapters.
Box 1, Folder 31-36

McCourt, Frank 1940-1948

Physical Description: [6 folders]

Scope and Contents

Folder 31 contains two legends to the correspondence. The first legend provides brief descriptions of the content of the letters from 1947-1948. The second legend mostly provides content descriptions of the Gerber/boyFrank correspondence, but does list two probable Gerber/McCourt correspondences. Folder 32 contains correspondence between boyFrank and Contacts listing #1744 "Frank." Although no definitive link ties this Frank to Frank McCourt, this 1940s correspondence immediately predates known correspondence with Frank McCourt later that year. Folders 33-35 contains chronologically arranged correspondence between McCourt and boyFrank. The correspondence includes boyFrank's acceptance letter as a member of the United States Rocket Society Inc. (McCourt was the Senior Rocketeer and Vice President of the Manhattan Chapter). The correspondence also includes discussions of gay contemporaries, including Henry Gerber. Folder 36 contains one undated letter each written by McCourt to R. WL Deagan, Henry Gerber, and Al [no last name given].
Box 1, Folder 37

Media 1946-1947

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with Manchester Boddy, editor of an unspecified publication, as well as letters to the editors of Newsweek, Times-Herald [Washington, D.C.], National Defense, and the American Mercury.
Box 1, Folder 38

Metts, Jas A. 1954

Scope and Contents

Discusses ONE Magazine.
Box 2, Folder 1

Neill, Alexander Sutherland, Dr. 1947-1948

Box 7, Folder 2-4

ONE Incorporated 1957-1970

Physical Description: [3 folders]

Scope and Contents

Correspondence written from 1957-1964 primarily consists of letters written by boyFrank addressed generically to ONE. Correspondence written from 1964-1968 include letters written by and to boyFrank as an active member in ONE. Many of the letters are signed by W. Dorr Legg and most concern the ongoing dispute between W. Dorr Legg and Don Slater over leadership of ONE. The few letters written after 1968 discuss ONE's ventures after boyFrank left ONE as an active member.
Box 2, Folder 5-8

Publishing, manuscripts and periodicals 1947-1980

Physical Description: [4 folders]

Scope and Contents

Folder 5 discusses various boyFrank publishing proposals. The correspondents include Ella Barton Foote, Edward [no last name], John Storck of the Library Research Institute, G. Legman, literary agent Lambert Wilson, Leslie Laird Winston, George E. Anding, Samson T. Sabalones of the Foreign Service of the Philippines, Albert Eglash, Robbie Appel, and the Gay Academic Union in Hollywood. Folders 6-8 discuss boyFrank's plan to publish a periodical entitled Hearth. The correspondents include Hal Call, H. Latta Pinkerton Jr., Harold Leppiet, H. Stanley Hutchins, R.M. Jones, the Philippine Consolute General, the Wall Street Journal, B.J. Barron, Matt Weinstock, and letters to "Tony" and "Will" on Hearth letterhead. Folder 8 contains a rough mockup of a proposed issue of Hearth.
Box 2, Folder 9

Major Raven-Hart 1950

Box 2, Folder 10-11

Reiter, Arthur 1946, 1953

Physical Description: [2 folders]

Scope and Contents

Folder 9 contains correspondence with Arthur Reiter from 1946. Folder 10 contains correspondence with "Arthur" from 1953 and mentions Gerber's Contacts publication.
Box 2, Folder 12

Selwyn, Herbert 1963-1966, 1975

Scope and Contents

The bulk of the correspondence with attorney Herbert Selwyn deals with boyFrank's proposed Hearth publication.
Box 2, Folder 13

Triefenbach, Louis W. 1950

Box 2, Folder 14

Unattributed correspondence undated

Scope and Contents

Possible boyFrank correspondence or correspondence collected by boyFrank.

Writings Series 2. circa 1940-1977

Scope and Contents

Unpublished stories written by Manuel boyFrank, circa 1940-1977. Most of the stories are undated. See the Subject Files Series, Fiction 813 for more materials.


The writings are arranged in alphabetical order by their title. Writings organized by date or pseudonym are listed at the end of the series.
Box 2, Folder 15

"Are You Helping to Murder People?"

Box 2, Folder 16-18

"Boys, Men and Love"

Physical Description: [3 folders]
Box 2, Folder 19

"Button Dexter's Narrative"

Box 2, Folder 20


Box 2, Folder 21

"Dakota Courtbright"

Box 2, Folder 22

"Deputy Parent"

Box 2, Folder 23

"Feder Shops for a Son-in-Law"

Box 2, Folder 24

"Federated Families"

Box 3, Folder 1-2

"If Greek Love Once Behooved"

Physical Description: [2 folders]

Scope and Contents

Folder 1 contains correspondence with Henry S. Galus and Mr. Batson. Folder 2 contains several edited drafts of the manuscript.
Box 3, Folder 3

"Meet Mr. Jones Brolone"

Box 3, Folder 4

"Pastorate of the Redeemers"

Box 3, Folder 5

"Recruit Walterman in the City"

Box 3, Folder 6

"A Stand-in for the Husband"

Box 3, Folder 7

Writings 1940s

Box 3, Folder 8

Writings 1960s

Box 3, Folder 9

Writings 1970s

Box 3, Folder 10

Writings as J.P. Starr 1965-1977


Subject files Series 3. 1916-1984 bulk

Processing Information

Original subject heading titles and Dewey-Decimal-type classifications have been transcribed where possible. Dates have not been listed because of the lack of dates on most of the materials. Materials not originally organized together, but collocated during processing, include the following folders: Envelopes, Photographs, Writings about Manuel boyFrank, and Writings and notes. Correspondence has been noted when present in a folder.

Scope and Contentes note

Materials organized by topic, 1919-1984, bulk 1949-1951. Materials consist of notes and writings by Manuel boyFrank, clippings, transcribed texts from published materials, correspondence, and photographs.


The materials with a Dewey-Decimal-type classification have been listed first in order of their classification. The rest of the materials have been arranged in alphabetical order.
Box 3, Folder 11

070.51 Selection and edition of manuscripts

Scope and Contents

Consists of Roger Austen correspondence (1974). Discusses sexuality, military, and cowboys.
Box 3, Folder 12

098.1 Prohibited books

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with Edwin Ray Potter (1947) and Pedro Peralta. Includes sketches and notes in regards to a Contacts-type publication.
Box 8, Folder 1

070.53 Design of format

Box 8, Folder 2

098.1 Prohibited works

Scope and Contents

Includes boyFrank correspondence to 101 Books Sales (1966, 1967), Bright Press (1968), D.S.I. (1967), Heart Studios (1966), Joe Miller Studio (1966), K & K Gift Shop (1967), The Pink Poodle Press (1968), Rob Roy Studios (1969), and Trojan Book Service (1968).
Box 3, Folder 13

119 Glands

Box 3, Folder 14

120 Pancreas

Box 3, Folder 15

123 Large intestines

Scope and Contents

Folder empty.
Box 3, Folder 16

126 Organ of warning and delight: smell

Box 3, Folder 17

127 Nerves and the brain: nervous tone

Box 3, Folder 18

128 [untitled]

Box 8, Folder 3

130-140 Sexual physiology

Box 3, Folder 19

143 Physiology of reproduction

Scope and Contents

Includes 1949 correspondence from J.N. DeLamater at the University of Southern California and J. Wyatt Durham at the University of California, Berkeley.
Box 3, Folder 20

144 Seminal emissions

Box 3, Folder 21

145 Coition

Box 3, Folder 22

147 Fertility and sterility

Box 3, Folder 23

146 Asception and contraception

Box 3, Folder 24

148 and 149 Sexual preference; bisexuality

Box 3, Folder 25

150 Compulsive homosexuality, if there be such

Box 3, Folder 26

150-157 Shock and effemination

Box 3, Folder 27

159.9 Psychology

Box 3, Folder 28

159.901 9 [untitled]

Box 3, Folder 29

159.92 Mental development and capaciti; comparativ sykoloji [sic]

Box 3, Folder 30

159.9221 As influenced by sex; sex psychology

Box 3, Folder 31

159.922 74 Children's point of view

Box 3, Folder 32

159.953 Memory and learning; reproductive power, mnemonic apprehension

Box 3, Folder 33

159.96 Special mental conditions

Box 3, Folder 34

159.964 212.2 Instincts (sexual)

Box 3, Folder 35

159.964 2 Syko-.nal.s:s [sic]

Box 3, Folder 36

159.964 212 2 Instincts

Box 3, Folder 37

159.97 Abnormal psychology

Box 3, Folder 38

159.972 Insanity: Mental alienation

Box 4, Folder 1

159.972 974 Narcissism

Box 4, Folder 2

159.973 Mental deficiency

Box 4, Folder 3

159.973 484 6 e Third degree homosexuality (K-E)

Box 4, Folder 4

159.973 484 3 Fetichism

Box 4, Folder 5

159.973 484 6 f, g, h Congenital homosexuality

Box 4, Folder 6

159.973 484 Sexual perversions

Box 4, Folder 7

159.973 484 4a Masochism

Box 4, Folder 8

159.973 484 4b Sadism

Box 4, Folder 9

159.973 4845 Bestiality (zooerasty)

Box 4, Folder 10

159.973 4846 Homosexuality

Box 4, Folder 11

159.973 484 6 a to d Homosexuality

Box 8, Folder 4

176.8 Obscenity in literature

Box 4, Folder 12

300 Social syensez; sosholloji in jeneral [sic]

Scope and Contents

Includes "The Gospel According to Manuel: Draft ov[sic] a Constitution for a Total Convent."
Box 4, Folder 13

301.15 Social psychology

Box 4

301.15 New terrors: stereotypes and the mass mind

Scope and Contents

Includes the manuscript "New Terrors: Stereotypes and the Mass Mind" by Manuel boyFrank.
Box 4, Folder 15

301.32 Population

Box 4, Folder 16

301.4 Social structure

Scope and Contents

Includes a manuscript of "Federated Families" with associated notes.
Box 4, Folder 17

301.415 Sex life outside marriage; concubinage, premarital relations, aduletry [sic], prostitution, homosexuality...

Scope and Contents

Includes an untitled publication mock-up with an undated speech by Manuel boyFrank and an undated letter from boyFrank to ONE Incorporated, among other material. The folder also contains a boyFrank letter addressed to ONE Incorporated (1969).
Box 4, Folder 18

301.42 Marriage and family

Scope and Contents

Consists of a boyFrank letter addressed to Harold Leppiet (1962).
Box 4, Folder 19

301.423 Family and social change, including effects upon the family of urbanization, mobility, technology, industrialization and war

Scope and Contents

Consists of a letter written by boyFrank to Jim Kepner (1970).
Box 4, Folder 20

312 People in bulk

Box 4, Folder 21

320 Political syens [sic]

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence from boyFrank to the Star-News (1935), New Republic (1930 and 1940), and Drew Pearson of the Care Star Free Press (1943), as well as responses from the New Republic (1930) and Verne Scoggins of the State of California Governor's Office (1943).
Box 4, Folder 22

329.03 Interest groups, pressure

Box 4, Folder 23

330.122 Political machine and capitalism

Box 8, Folder 5

340.6 Forensic sex

Box 4, Folder 24

344.05 Public order, safety, morals

Box 4, Folder 25

364.174 Obscenity and pornography

Box 4, Folder 26

366 Brotherhood invisible

Scope and Contents

Includes a boyFrank letter addressed to "Skipper" (1940).
Box 4, Folder 27

366 Hedonic church

Box 4, Folder 28

366 Hedonic name

Scope and Contents

Includes a letter addressed to boyFrank from Private First Class J. Ed. Ferruggie on U.S.O. letterhead (1943), a boyFrank letter addressed to R.W. Deagan (1945), and a boyFrank letter to "Ed" (1943).
Box 4, Folder 29

367 Social clubz [sic]

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with Henry Gerber from 1935-1941. Also includes boyFrank letters written to Mr. Wyatt (1938), American Services (1939), Walter A. Hoenes (1944), and Shure Industries (1946).
Box 4, Folder 30

375.6126 Place of reproduction, generation, and development in the curriculum

Box 4, Folder 31

375.613 89 Place of sex hygiene in the curriculum

Box 4, Folder 32

389 Frame-ups

Box 4, Folder 33

392 Birth, home, and sex customs

Box 4, Folder 34

392 Sexual revolution

Box 4, Folder 35

392 Sex and social struggle

Box 4, Folder 36

392.3 Family and home relations

Box 4, Folder 37

392.6 Sex in civilization

Box 5, Folder 1

392.6 Sex outside marriage

Scope and Contents

Includes correspondence with Jim Kepner (1970) in which boyFrank relates some of his biographical information as well as those of Frank McCourt, Henry Gerber, and Elbert Hubbard. Also includes correspondence with Charles Rowland (1958).
Box 5, Folder 2

611.6 Genito-urinary system; breasts

Box 5, Folder 3

611.63 Male genital organs

Box 5, Folder 4

611.65 Female genital organs; adnexa

Box 5, Folder 5

612.6 Reproduction and generation; development

Scope and Contents

Empty folder.
Box 5, Folder 6

612.6 Reproduction and generation...

Box 5, Folder 7

612.613 Copulation and fecundity

Box 5, Folder 8

613.95 Sex hygiene

Box 5, Folder 9

616 Pathology; diseases; treatment

Box 5, Folder 10

616.6 Disease of genito-urinary system

Box 5, Folder 11

616.69 Functional disease, male generative...

Box 5, Folder 12

616.95 Syphilis

Box 5, Folder 13

616.952 Gonorrhea

Box 5, Folder 14

618.39 Abortion, miscarriage, stillbirth...

Box 5, Folder 15

629.4 Astronautics

Scope and Contents

Includes boyFrank's membership records for the United States Rocket Society Incorporated and a list of Rocketeers (members) in the organization. Also includes correspondence with George H. Bosch (1943-1944), Eol. [Ed.?] (1943), H.B. Wessberg (1944), and Frank [McCourt] (1944).
Box 8, Folder 6

655.4 Publishing

Box 8, Folder 7

741.6 Illustration

Box 5, Folder 16

743 Art anatomy; introduction

Box 5, Folder 17

743 Muscle group by action

Box 5, Folder 18

743 Art students' anatomy

Box 5, Folder 19

743 Art anatomy; life school

Scope and Contents

Empty folder.
Box 5, Folder 20

743 Bony landmarks

Box 5, Folder 21

743 Anatomy

Processing Information

Anatomy materials found loose in original boxes.
Box 5, Folder 22

801 Sex and the novel

Box 5, Folder 23

808.85 Collection of speeches

Scope and Contents

Unattributed and boyFrank speeches.
Box 8, Folder 8

810 Civic religion

Box 5, Folder 24

813 Fiction

Box 5, Folder 25

814 Essays

Box 5, Folder 25

816 Letters

Box 5, Folder 26

1200 Phallism fertility and fools; history 400 BCE to 500 CE

Box 7, Folder 3

Clippings, small size

Scope and Contents

Includes 3 x 4 inch packets of clippings on the following topics: 757.3 Men (3 packets), 757.5 Boys (1 packet), 769 Prints (1 packet), 779 Collections of photographs (1 packet), 779.2 Human figures (1 packet), 779.22 Draped figures (1 packet), 779.23 Men (7 packets), 779.24 Women (1 packet), and 779.25 Children (4 packets). Also includes 2 x 3 inch packets of clippings on the following topics: 704.942 Human figures (1 packet), 757.3 Men (2 packets), 757.5 Boys (2 packets), 779.22 Men (1 packet), 779.25 Children (1 packet), 779.32 Animal life (779.32), and 757.5 Boys (1 packet).
Box 5, Folder 27

Clippings and notes, unidentified topics

Box 5, Folder 28


Scope and Contents

Includes a mockup for a proposed publication entitled Contact that was presumably modeled on Gerber's Contacts publication.
Box 8, Folder 9


Scope and Contents

Includes a short letter from Henry Gerber to boyFrank (no year given) and subscription materials for Contacts from 1935.
Box 8, Folder 10

Drift, mastery, consent and responsibility

Box 5, Folder 29


Scope and Contents

Preprinted envelopes used by boyFrank.
Box 5, Folder 30

Everybody's management

Box 5, Folder 31

Family farm

Box 5, Folder 32

Family law

Box 5, Folder 33

Family self-concern

Box 5, Folder 34


Box 5, Folder 35

Fertility control

Box 5, Folder 36

Fighting arts

Box 5, Folder 37

The Guiana Hobby Club

Scope and Contents

Includes the volume 6, number 4 and 5 issues (June and September 1939).
Box 5, Folder 38

Homosexuality, ancient

Box 5, Folder 39

Homosexuality and Socrates

Box 5, Folder 40

Homosexuality and the ancient Greeks

Box 6, Folder 1

The Horn Book (extracts)

Box 8, Folder 11

Implications of the population explosion

Box 7, Folder 1-2

Index cards, A-Z

Physical Description: [2 folders]

Scope and Contents

Lists names and addresses.
Box 6, Folder 2

Journal, personal

Scope and Contents

The first part of the journal contains notes for a twenty-chapter book, the second part an alphabetic listing of terms with associated numbers.
Box 8, Folder 12

Institutions: a fourth kingdom

Box 8, Folder 13

Lay science

Box 6, Folder 3-7


Physical Description: [5 folders]

Scope and Contents

Consists of the following labeled sections: "Break the opposition's witness," "Cross examination," "Don't press unduly an advantage that may prove false," "Strike where the prosecution expects no blow," "Argue as a citizen for good citizenship," "Claim for homosexuality heterosexuality privileges," "Opening speech," "Let God enforce God's law," "Collect for false arrest," "Present your case," "Competency in a witness," "Breaking the expert witness," "Hostile witnesses," and "Refute the Prosecution."
Box 8, Folder 14

Male nudes

Scope and Contents

Consists of two photograph portfolios from Glen Talbot and a letter in response from boyFrank (1977).
Box 8, Folder 15

Notes by John Scopes

Box 6, Folder 8

Novarro, Ramon

Box 6, Folder 9


Scope and Contents

Comprises three black-and-white 3.5 x 5.5 inch photographic postcards of sailors, three black-and-white 5 x 7 inch negatives of assorted male erotica, and one black-and-white 1.5 x 1.75 inch photographic print of an unidentified man.
Box 8, Folder 16

Politics of assassination

Box 8, Folder 17

Population explosion

Box 6, Folder 10

Prison and the courts

Box 6, Folder 11

Raising boys

Box 8, Folder 18

Reference 1 (Scopes): Maranon

Box 8, Folder 19

Religion and an American consensus

Box 6, Folder 12

Selection and development

Box 6, Folder 13

Sexual education, society's views

Box 6, Folder 14

Sexual teaching

Box 6, Folder 15

Sexual training

Box 8, Folder 20

Traditional families

Box 6, Folder 16

Truth Seeker

Scope and Contents

Consists of a letter to boyFrank by Ervin R. Hillhouse (undated) and volume 77, number 5, of Truth Seeker (May 1950).
Box 8, Folder 21

Untranslated materials

Box 6, Folder 17

Writings about Manuel boyFrank

Box 6, Folder 18

Writings and notes, miscellaneous

Box 6, Folder 19

Young folk