This collection consists of IBM manuals created between 1984 and 1993. Subjects covered include Virtual Machine Library, Virtual
Machine Enterprise Systems Architecture, Content Management Systems, Resource Access Control Facility, The System Product
Interpreter (REXX), Advanced Program-to-Program Communication for the IBM Personal Computer, Virtual Machine System Product
and labels from binder spines of Virtual Machine Enterprise Systems Architecture (VM/ESA) manuals.
International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational information technology company headquartered
in Armonk, New York, with operations in over 170 countries. The company began in 1911, founded in Endicott, New York, as the
Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) and was renamed "International Business Machines" in 1924. IBM produces and sells
computer hardware, middleware and software, and provides hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers
to nanotechnology. IBM is also a major research organization, holding the record for most U.S. patents generated by a business
(as of 2019) for 26 consecutive years. Inventions by IBM include the automated teller machine (ATM), the floppy disk, the
hard disk drive, the magnetic stripe card, the relational database, the SQL programming language, the UPC barcode, and dynamic
random-access memory (DRAM). The IBM mainframe, exemplified by the System/360, was the dominant computing platform during
the 1960s and 1970s. IBM has continually shifted business operations by focusing on higher-value, more profitable markets.
This includes spinning off printer manufacturer Lexmark in 1991 and the sale of personal computer (ThinkPad/ThinkCentre) and
x86-based server businesses to Lenovo (in 2005 and 2014, respectively), and acquiring companies such as PwC Consulting (2002),
SPSS(2009), The Weather Company (2016), and Red Hat (agreement announced in October 2018, actual acquisition to be in the
second half of 2019). Also in 2014, IBM announced that it would go "fabless", continuing to design semiconductors, but offloading
manufacturing to GlobalFoundries. Nicknamed Big Blue, IBM is one of 30 companies included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average
and one of the world's largest employers, with (as of 2017) over 380,000 employees, known as "IBMers". At least 70% of IBMers
are based outside the United States, and the country with the largest number of IBMers is India. IBM employees have been awarded
five Nobel Prizes, six Turing Awards, ten National Medals of Technology (USA) and five National Medals of Science (USA). [Wikipedia]
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