Jay T. Last Collection of Maritime Prints and Ephemera: Finding Aid

Finding aid prepared by Charla DelaCuadra.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens.
Prints and Ephemera
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
© 2014
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Jay T. Last Collection of Maritime Prints and Ephemera
Dates (inclusive): 1704-approximately 1942
Bulk dates: 1840-1890
Collection Number: priJLC_MAR
Collector: Last, Jay T.
Extent: approximately 1,150 items
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Prints and Ephemera
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: The Jay T. Last Collection of Maritime Prints and Ephemera contains approximately 1,150 printed items that pertain to travel, shipping, and other maritime-related activities and businesses in the United States primarily dating from the second half of the 19th century. The collection consists of advertising and promotional materials, business records, and illustrations produced for or relevant to steamship companies, sailing vessels, shipping entities, passenger lines, and related businesses and publications.
Language: English.
Note:
Finding aid last updated on September 24, 2015.

Access

Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Item title, Call number]. Jay T. Last Collection of Maritime Prints and Ephemera, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

This collection forms part of the Jay T. Last Collection of Graphic Arts and Social History, which was donated to the Huntington Library by Jay T. Last in 2005 as a gift in progress. The bulk of the Maritime Prints and Ephemera was transferred to the Library between 2010 and 2012.

Background

The Jay T. Last Collection is an unparalleled archive of printed paper artifacts that documents American lithographic, social, and business history. The collection began in the early 1970s when physicist and Silicon Valley pioneer Jay Last moved to Southern California and started collecting citrus box labels he found at local flea markets and rummage sales. As his collection grew, Last realized that these labels conveyed important information about commercial printing, graphic design, and social history, and he expanded his collection to include other forms of American visual culture. Today this collection contains more than 200,000 lithographic prints, posters, and ephemera of mostly nineteenth- and early twentieth- century American origin and represents works by more than five hundred lithographic companies.

Scope and Content

The Jay T. Last Collection of Maritime Prints and Ephemera contains approximately 1,150 printed items that pertain to travel, shipping, and other maritime-related activities and businesses in the United States primarily dating from the second half of the 19th century. The collection consists of advertising and promotional materials, business records, and illustrations produced for or relevant to steamship companies, sailing vessels, shipping entities, passenger lines, and related businesses and publications.
Materials are arranged in two series: small-size items (11 x 14 inches or less) and large-size items (bigger than 11 x 14 inches). Small-size items are described broadly at the series level; large-size items are fully inventoried, and all printers, artists, and publishers are indexed by name. The collection has more than 55 large-size items comprised mainly of lithographic and engraved prints of ships, certificates and contracts, and advertising materials for passenger and shipping routes. Small-size items in the collection number approximately 1,100 and are comprised mainly of advertising and promotional ephemera and business documents. The vast majority of these items are bills of lading and steamship passes, but the collection also has trade cards, timetables, booklets, directory ads, menus, passenger lists, postcards, handbills, and printed billheads and letterheads with manuscript text.
Subjects addressed within the collection include commerce, advertising, technology and engineering, and tourism as related to river, lake, and ocean travel mostly in the United States. The images are primarily promotional and provide information about the history of passenger travel and commercial shipping, as well as the advertising strategies employed by these industries in the 19th and early 20th centuries. As graphic materials, the items offer evidence of visual culture and printmaking techniques and trends, as well as information about the artists, engravers, lithographers, printers, and publishers involved in the creative process.

Alternative Form of Materials Available

Visit the Huntington Digital Library: Jay T. Last Collection   to view digitized items from this collection.

Related materials in the Huntington Library

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in the following two series:
  • Series I. Maritime Prints and Ephemera (small size)
  • Series II. Maritime Prints and Ephemera (large size)
Items are arranged numerically by call number and described in the following format:
  • Title of print. Date
  • Artist(s) (when known). Printer(s). Publisher(s)

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Genres

Billheads.
Broadsides.
Business cards.
Business records.
Certificates.
Chromolithographs.
Contracts.
Ephemera.
Ephemera -- United States -- 19th century.
Ephemera -- United States -- 20th century.
Engravings.
Handbills.
Intaglio prints.
Leaflets (printed works).
Letterheads.
Lithographs.
Maps.
Menus.
Newspapers.
Passenger lists.
Postcards.
Printed ephemera.
Promotional materials.
Relief prints.
Stationery.
Tickets.
Timetables.
Trade cards.

Subjects

Advertising -- Tourism.
Advertising -- Transportation.
Boats and boating -- Pictorial works.
Docks -- Pictorial works.
Dry docks -- Pictorial works.
Fenians.
Flags -- Pictorial works.
Hudson River (N.Y. and N.J.) -- Pictorial works.
Industrial buildings -- Pictorial works.
Mississippi River -- Pictorial works.
Palms -- Pictorial works.
Rivers -- Pictorial works.
Sailboats -- Pictorial works.
Sailors -- Pictorial works.
Ship captains -- Pictorial works.
Shipbuilding.
Ships -- Pictorial works.
Shipwrecks -- Pictorial works.
Steamboats -- Pictorial works.
Steamboats.
Transportation accidents -- Pictorial works.

Printer, Publisher, Artist Index

The following is a complete list of printers, publishers, and artists represented in the large-size items in this collection.
A. Hoen & Co.
American Lithographic Co.
Bixler & Corwin.
Britton & Rey.
Bufford, John Henry, 1810-1870.
Century Lith. Co.
Clapp, David, 1806-1893.
Clay, Cosack & Co.
Cleveland, James A., 1811-
Currier & Ives.
Davids, Oscur.
De Young, M. H. (Michael Harry), 1849-1925.
Democrat Print.
Drew, Clement, 1806-1889.
Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
F. Sala & Co.
Forbes Lithograph Manufacturing Company.
George F. Nesbitt & Co.
Gies & Co.
Gladwin, George.
Harper & Brothers.
Hatch Lith. Co.
Hoogland, William, 1794 or 1795-1832.
J.O. Seymour & Co.
Kelly, Thos., active 1867-1868.
Magnus, Charles.
Major & Knapp Engraving, Manufacturing & Lithographic Co.
Martinet, Alf.
Menger, L. R.
N. Currier (Firm)
Nagel & Weingärtner.
Otis, Fessenden N. (Fessenden Nott), 1825-1900.
P.S. Duval & Son.
Palmer & Co. (1842-1851)
Parsons, Charles, 1821-1910.
Pendleton’s Lithography.
Pollock & Doty.
Propeller Power Presses.
Queen, Jas. (James), 1824-approximately 1877.
Rand McNally and Company.
Russell, E. N.
Strobridge & Co. Lith.
Swett, Moses.
T. Moore’s Lithography.
Tidd, M. M., 1827-1895.
Todhunter, Francis Augustus, 1884-1963.
Wade, William, active 1844-1852.
Weale, John, 1791-1862.
Webber, W.
Weingartner, A.
Wickersham, S.


Collection Contents

 

Series I. Maritime Prints and Ephemera (small size) 1704-1939 (bulk 1840-1890)

Physical Description: approximately 1,090 items in 11 binders and 1 flat-top box

Scope and Content

This series contains approximately 1,090 small-size printed items that pertain to travel, shipping, and other maritime-related activities and businesses in the United States from 1704 to 1939. The materials consist of advertising and promotional ephemera, illustrations, and business records relevant to steamship companies, sailing vessels, shipping entities, passenger lines, and related businesses and publications. The vast majority of these items are bills of lading and steamship passes, but the collection also has trade cards, timetables, booklets, directory ads, menus, passenger lists, postcards, handbills, and printed billheads and letterheads with manuscript text.
Items smaller than 8 x 10 inches are housed in binders, while items that are between 8 x 10 inches and 11 x 14 inches in size are individually sleeved and arranged in folders in one box.

Arrangement

Small-size items are arranged by company, with the exception of bills of lading. Bills of lading are organized geographically by state followed by city of departure, and then ordered chronologically within each city grouping.
Binder  1

Bills of Lading, AL-MD by state (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 85 items
Binder  2

Bills of Lading, MA-NJ by state (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 80 items
Binder  3

Bills of Lading, NY, 1760-1859 (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 85 items
Binder  4

Bills of Lading, NY, 1860-1899 (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 60 items
Binder  5

Bills of Lading, NC-PA by state (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 85 items
Binder  6

Bills of Lading, RI-VA by state & Wash. D.C. (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 75 items
Binder  7

Steamboat Lines, U.S. & Canada, A-Z by company (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 125 items
Binder  8

Steamboat Lines, Transoceanic, A-N by company (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 105 items
Binder  9

Steamboat Lines, Transoceanic, O-Z by company (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 60 items
Binder  10

Steamboat Passes, A-L by company (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 155 items
Binder  11

Steamboat Passes, M-Z by company (8 x 10 inches or smaller in size)

Physical Description: approximately 165 items
Box  1

Maritime Prints and Ephemera (between 8 x 10 inches and 11 x 14 inches in size)

Physical Description: approximately 15 items
 

Series II. Maritime Prints and Ephemera (large size) 1825-approximately 1942 (bulk 1840-1890)

Physical Description: 57 items

Scope and Content

This series contains 57 large-size printed items pertaining to travel, shipping, and other maritime-related activities and businesses in the United States from 1825 to approximately 1942, with the majority of items dating from 1840 to 1890. The series is comprised mainly of lithographed advertising prints produced for steamship companies, including both domestic and transoceanic passenger and commercial services.
Genres represented include advertising prints, certificates, broadsides, and documentary prints. The series contains color-printed, hand-colored, and uncolored images that range in size from approximately 11 x 14 inches to 30 x 40 inches.

Arrangement

Items are arranged numerically by call number and described in the following format:
  • Title of print. Date
  • Artist(s) (when known). Printer(s). Publisher(s).
priJLC_MAR_001387

The packet-boat Shenandoah, Capt. S. Compson, will hereafter leave Montezuma for Geneva daily ... Sept. 12, 1845. 12 September 1845

Printers: Democrat Print
priJLC_MAR_001395

Enrollment. : No. 44 Forty Four. 25 August 1837

priJLC_MAR_001396

Warden's Office of the Port of Philadelphia. 14 March 1877

priJLC_MAR_001397

Midnight race on the Mississippi. approximately 1872-1883

Printers: Kelly, Thos., active 1867-1868 Publishers: Kelly, Thos., active 1867-1868
priJLC_MAR_001399

View of the English steamer Caledonia wrecked on Cape Cod, Jan. 1st. 1863. 1863-1864

Printers: Tidd, M. M., 1827-1895
priJLC_MAR_001400

View of the U.S. Mail Steamship Company's premises, : Aspinwall N. G. ©1854

Artists: Parsons, Charles, 1821-1910; Otis, Fessenden N. (Fessenden Nott), 1825-1900 Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
priJLC_MAR_001402

Norwich Steamboat Line. Inland route for New York. Spring arrangement. 1860. 1860

Printers: Clapp, David, 1806-1893
priJLC_MAR_001403

Plymouth Rock. Official paper of the most superb steam excursion palace in the world. 1875

priJLC_MAR_001404

The Suffolk and California Mutual Trading & Mining Association. approximately 1850

Printers: Propeller Power Presses
priJLC_MAR_001405

State line : Austin, Baldwin & Co. General agents. 1871-1886

Printers: Hatch Lith. Co.
priJLC_MAR_001406

Bark Catalpa, of New Bedford. ©1876

Artists: Russell, E. N. Printers: Forbes Lithograph Manufacturing Company
priJLC_MAR_001409

Pilot boat "Gypsey." approximately 1856-1861

Artists: Drew, Clement, 1806-1889 Printers: Weingartner, A.
priJLC_MAR_001410

From the old to the new world--German emigrants for New York embarking on a Hamburg steamer. 7 November 1874

Publishers: Harper & Brothers
priJLC_MAR_001413

Explosion of the Alfred Thomas at Easton PA. March 6th. 1860. 1860

Artists: Queen, Jas. (James), 1824-approximately 1877 Printers: P.S. Duval & Son Publishers: Bixler & Corwin
priJLC_MAR_001414

View in Boston harbour. 1835-1840

Printers: T. Moore’s Lithography
priJLC_MAR_001415

The missionary steam-barkentine, "Morning Star." 1884

Artists: Webber, W. Printers: Forbes Lithograph Manufacturing Company
priJLC_MAR_001416

Screw Dock Co. between Market and Pike Streets East River. 1853-1886

Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
priJLC_MAR_001417

New-York and New-Haven steamboat line. 1825

priJLC_MAR_001419

Charles Houghton. 1856-1864

Printers: Bufford, John Henry, 1810-1870
priJLC_MAR_001420

Lake Superior Transit Co. 1875-1892

Printers: Gies & Co.
priJLC_MAR_001421

Scene on the upper Mississippi. approximately 185-?

Printers: F. Sala & Co.
priJLC_MAR_001424

[Washington Irving] approximately 1913-1926

priJLC_MAR_001425

The grandest palace drawing room steamers in the world. Drew and St. John. 1877-1893

Artists: Parsons, Charles, 1821-1910 Printers: Currier & Ives
priJLC_MAR_001426

The Great Eastern. Designed by I. K. Brunel Esqr. approximately 1858

Printers: Magnus, Charles
priJLC_MAR_001427

Anchor Line sailing regularly between New York Glasgow via Londonderry. Henderson Brothers, general agents New York - Chicago. 1891-1898

priJLC_MAR_001428

Cunard Line New York, Boston, Liverpool and Queenstown. 1901-1905

Printers: American Lithographic Co.
priJLC_MAR_001429

Cunard Line between New York or Boston, Queenstown and Liverpool, passage tickets to & from all parts of Europe at lowest prices. 1882-1888

Printers: Major & Knapp Engraving, Manufacturing & Lithographic Co.
priJLC_MAR_001430

Mallory Line to and from Florida. 1873-1888

Printers: Major & Knapp Engraving, Manufacturing & Lithographic Co.
priJLC_MAR_001431

Mallory S. S. Lines to Texas and Florida. 1873-1888

Printers: Major & Knapp Engraving, Manufacturing & Lithographic Co.
priJLC_MAR_001432

Jupiter of Philaa. 1853-1886

Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
priJLC_MAR_001437

Steamer Foh-Kien. approximately 1863

Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
priJLC_MAR_001438

Steamer Drew. 1867

Artists: Parsons, Charles, 1821-1910 Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
priJLC_MAR_001441

Metropolitan Steamship Co. Daily outside line between New York & Boston. approximately 1873-1886

Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
priJLC_MAR_001442

Steamship Knoxville New York & Savannah Steam Navigation Co. 1849-1856

Artists: Cleveland, James A., 1811- Printers: Nagel & Weingärtner
priJLC_MAR_001444

Empire City Line Pacific steam ship Northerner. 1842-1851

Printers: Palmer & Co. (1842-1851)
priJLC_MAR_001446

Appearance of the U.S. steamer Massachusetts when dismasted at 2 p.m. Septr. 22d 1854. approximately 1854

Artists: Davids, Oscur Printers: Martinet, Alf.
priJLC_MAR_001447

Anchor Line transatlantic & Mediterranean steamships sail regularly every Wednesday & Saturday. approximately 1871-1875

Printers: George F. Nesbitt & Co.
priJLC_MAR_001450

High pressure steamboat Mayflower. ©1855

Artists: Parsons, Charles, 1821-1910 Printers: N. Currier (Firm) Publishers: N. Currier (Firm)
priJLC_MAR_001451

R. Cornell White's new palatial excursion steamer Grand Republic. approximately 1878

Artists: Parsons, Charles, 1821-1910 Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
priJLC_MAR_001452

Chesapeake Steamship Company. approximately 1900-1941

Printers: A. Hoen & Co.
priJLC_MAR_001453

Palace Steamer Republic. approximately 1890-1893

Printers: Century Lith. Co.
priJLC_MAR_001454

Pacific Mail Steam Ship Company's steamer Great Republic. 1867

Artists: Parsons, Charles, 1821-1910 Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.) Publishers: Menger, L. R.
priJLC_MAR_001455

Steamer Hu Quang. approximately 1863

Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
priJLC_MAR_001456

Pacific Mail Steam Ship Company's steamer China. 1867-1879

Printers: Endicott & Co. (New York, N.Y.) Publishers: Menger, L. R.
priJLC_MAR_001457

Merchants & Miners Transportation Company steamship lines. 1895-1942

Printers: A. Hoen & Co.
priJLC_MAR_001459

Pittsburgh & Cincinnatti [sic] Packet Buckeye State. 1851

Artists: Gladwin, George; Wickersham, S. Printers: Weale, John, 1791-1862
priJLC_MAR_001462

[Crowd on dock waving at steamship Italy] 1875-1885

Printers: Strobridge & Co. Lith.
priJLC_MAR_002602

Narragansett Steamship Co. New York to Boston, via Newport and Fall River. 1871. 13 May 1871

Printers: J.O. Seymour & Co.
priJLC_MAR_002603

Norwich Line for Boston Worcester via New London. 8 May 1878

priJLC_MAR_002604

Steam packet Chancellor Livingston (- entering the harbour of Newport.) approximately 1828

Artists: Swett, Moses Printers: Pendleton’s Lithography
priJLC_MAR_002605

The Catalpa the rescuers and the rescued. approximately 1876

Printers: Britton & Rey
priJLC_MAR_002606

Hamburg American Packet Company. Imperial German U.S. mail steamships. approximately 1873-1885

Printers: Rand McNally and Company
priJLC_MAR_002607

The Union Steamboat Company. 1868-1877

Printers: Clay, Cosack & Co.
priJLC_MAR_003313

These certify that ___ was legally admitted a member of the Pilots' Charitable Society... approximately 1825

Artists: Hoogland, William, 1794 or 1795-1832
priJLC_MAR_003314

This is to certify that Edwin M. Snow, M.D. ... American Seamen's Friend Society. approximately 1853

Artists: Wade, William, active 1844-1852 Printers: Pollock & Doty
priJLC_MAR_003315

United States of America. No ardent spirits allowed on board. 28 June 1861

priJLC_MAR_003378

San Francisco Chronicle Sunday supplement Sept. 2nd 1906. California's great inland water ways. 2 September 1906

Artists: Todhunter, Francis Augustus, 1884-1963 Publishers: De Young, M. H. (Michael Harry), 1849-1925