Bourne family papers

Finding aid prepared by Brooke M. Black
Manuscripts Department
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Fax: (626) 449-5720
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
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The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Descriptive Summary

Title: Bourne family papers
Inclusive Dates: approximately 1799-1918
Bulk Dates: 1845-1865
Collection Call Number: mssBournepapers
Creator OR Collector: Bourne, George, 1780-1845
Extent: 119 items in two boxes
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
The Huntington Library
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Fax: (626) 449-5720
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: The papers of American abolitionists and clergymen George Bourne and Theodore Bourne, including correspondence, sermons, essays, notes, ephemera and copies of genealogical materials.
Language of Material: The records are in English.

Administration Information

Access

Collection is open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, please go to following web site .

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Bourne family papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Curtis L. Taylor, September 2013.

Biographical Note

George Bourne (1780-1845), English-born American clergyman and abolitionist. Bourne was born on June 18, 1780 in Wesbury, Wiltshire, England. He studied at the seminary at Homerton, London. In 1802, he came to the United States for a brief visit. Upon his return to England in 1804, he married Mary Stibbs and shortly sailed for New York. The Bournes then moved on to Baltimore where George Bourne became the editor and co-owner of the Baltimore Daily Gazette. In 1809, Bourne left Maryland for Virginia. He first went to New Glasgow, then to Port Republic to become the minister to the town's new Presbyterian church, and then to Harrisonburg, Virginia, where he became one of the founders and the secretary of the Religious Tract Society. In 1815, Bourne, invoking the condemnation of "man-stealers" in I Timothy 1:10, queried the General Assembly demanding a formal ruling on the question of whether or not it was permissible for Presbyterians to own slaves. The Assembly refused to act, and Bourne's own presbytery voted to expel him from the ministry. In 1816, Bourne published The book and slavery irreconcilable that identified slaveholding as a sin. The General Assembly retroactively removed Bourne's reference to I Timothy 1:10 from his protest on procedural grounds. Bourne appealed again in 1817, but in 1818, the General Assembly upheld his presbytery's decision to defrock him.
Bourne then left Virginia for New England, and in 1824, accepted a call from Mount Pleasant, Quebec, to take charge of the Congregational church there. In the late 1820s, his alarm at the danger that the influx of Catholic immigrants from Europe supposedly posed to the American Protestantism and the Republic, prompted him to return to the United States. Bourne settled in New York, joined the Reformed Dutch Classis of New York. He served as the pastor to the churches in Provost, Huston and Forsyth Streets, and then at West Farms. He also edited the Christian Intelligencer, the organ of the Reformed Dutch Church. On January 1, 1830, Bourne began the publication of The Protestant, the first magazine devoted entirely to exposing the dangers of "Papism." In collaboration with William Craig Brownlee, Bourne launched the Protestant Vindicator, a successor to The Protestant. Bourne was also the founder the Protestant Reformation Society, an antecedent of the Christian Alliance and the American and Foreign Christian Union. In 1831, Bourne was one of the founders of the American Antislavery Society and was a frequent contributor to Lloyd Garrison's Liberator. Bourne was a prolific writer known particularly by his antislavery and anti-Catholic writings. He also published works of evangelical controversialists, including Luther, Fulke, Baxter, and others.
George Bourne died on November 20, 1845. He was survived by four sons – George Melksham (b. approx. 1806), twins Christopher Stibbs (1812-1860) and Rowland Hill (1812-1886), and Theodore (1822-1910). In 1852-1853, George M. Bourne went from New York via Panama; he described his travels in a series of articles published in the New York Tribune. He settled in San Francisco, established himself as a water-cure physician with a successful health clinic. In 1869, he sold the business to move to Lake Tahoe and in the spring of 1871, opened Dr. Bourne's Hygienic Establishment, a health spa in Carnelian Bay of Lake Tahoe that he renamed the Cornelian Bay Sanatoria three years later. He was known for his book The home doctor: a guide to health (San Francisco, 1878), numerous articles on abstinence, temperance and vegetarianism, and meteorological and hydrographic data on Lake Tahoe.
Theodore Bourne, educated at the Union Seminary, was ordained Presbyterian minister but had to leave the ministry due to health problems. He was later Professor of Languages at the Huguenot Institute in New York, secretary of African Colonization Society, and was one of the founders of the Society for the Prevention and Suppression of Crime. In 1857, he married Emeline Johnson (1828-1908); the couple had three children - Charles Rogers Bourne (b. 1859), Leila Madeline Bourne (b. 1861), and Theodore Frederick Bourne (b. 1863).

Arrangement

The collection is arranged alphabetically by author.

Scope and Content

The collection consists primarily of writings and letters by George Bourne and his son Theodore Bourne. There are a few items written by Emeline Johnson Bourne.
The majority of the collection is made of sermons, notes for sermons, essays, etc., on various subjects including: the Catholic Church, Christianity, the Reformed Dutch Churches, Protestantism, religion and its role in the world, the Bible, specific Bible verses, as well as slavery. Many of the sermons and essays are undated drafts, and often incomplete.
The collection also contains several poems and some family correspondence. Other authors include: Sir Culling Eardley, Andrew Fernando Holmes, Ezra Stiles Ely and William Lloyd Garrison.
There is ephemera, printed material, and photocopies of genealogical information at the end of the collection.
Many items in the collection are in fragile condition.

Indexing Terms

Personal Names

Bourne, George, 1780-1845
Bourne, George Melksham, 1806-1887
Bourne, Theodore
Eardley, Culling Eardley, Sir, 1805-1863
Ely, Ezra Stiles, 1786-1861
Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879
Holmes, A. F. (Andrew Fernando), 1797-1860

Corporate Names

Catholic Church
Reformed Protestant Dutch Church (U.S.)

Subjects

Subjects

Abolitionists -- United States -- Archives
Presbyterian Church
Protestantism
Slavery -- United States -- Religious aspect

Geographic Areas

United States -- Church history -- 19th century -- Sources

Genre

Ephemera
Essays -- United States -- 19th century
Letters (correspondence) -- United States -- 19th century
Sermons -- United States -- 19th century


CONTAINER LIST

Box 1

Anthony - Bourne, George Melksham

Folder  1

Anthony, W. C. Letter to Theodore Bourne (1890, Dec. 2)

1 item.
Folder  2

Bourne, Emeline Johnson. A Mutual Benefit [approx. 1870]

1 item. By "Minnie Mignonette."
Folder  3

Bourne, Emeline Johnson. Autobiography of a Baby [approx. 1870]

1 item. By "Minnie Mignonette."
Folder  4

Bourne, Emeline Johnson. Charles Carrington or Getting Customers: A Tale for Commercial Men [1871]

1 item. By "Jessie Jessamine." Fragile.
Folder  5

Bourne, Emeline Johnson. Charles Carrington or Treating Customers: A Tale for Commercial Men (1871)

1 item. By "Jessie Jessamine."
Folder  6

Bourne, Emeline Johnson. Copy of Review of Charles Carrington [1871]

1 item.
Folder  7

Bourne, Emeline Johnson. Fannie Garner or the Lost Child (1891)

1 item. By "Jessie Jessamine."
Folder  8

Bourne, Emeline Johnson. Perseverance Rewarded [approx. 1870]

1 item. By "Minnie Mignonette."
Folder  9

Bourne, Emeline Johnson.(?) The Representative Man [approx. 1870]

1 item.
Folder  10

Bourne, Emeline Johnson. Untitled manuscript beginning "Charlie dear…." [approx. 1871]

1 item. Incomplete?
Folder  11

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Address to the Members of the Reformed Dutch Churches [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  12

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Agreement with Craighead and Allen (1835, June)

1 item. Fragment.
Folder  13

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Anecdotes of Popery [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  14

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Christianity is a System of Grace [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  15

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Ecclesiastical Arithmetic [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  16

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Fragments of Sermons, Notes, etc. [before 1845]

9 items.
Folder  17

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Fragments re: Reformed Dutch Church [before 1845]

2 items.
Folder  18

Bourne, George, 1780-1845.(?) Jesuitism [before 1845]

1 item. Signed "B. W."
Folder  19

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Matrimonial Syllogisms [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  20

Bourne, George, 1780-1845.(?) The New Covenant of Grace is Perpetual & Eternal (1803, Nov. 27)

1 item.
Folder  21

Bourne, George, 1780-1845.(?) New Year's Day [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  22

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Nineteenth Chapter of Isaiah [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  23

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Notes for a Sermon: I Kings 14:13 [after 1799]

1 item.
Folder  24

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Pasquin at Rome [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  25

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Popery in Canada [1830s]

1 item.
Folder  26

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Popish Frauds [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  27

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Popish Legends [1830s]

1 item.
Folder  28

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Pure Religion: James 1:27 [1806]

1 item. For "Miss Singer."
Folder  29

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Purgatory [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  30

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. The Roman Hierarchy [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  31

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Scotland and Ireland Contrasted [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  32

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Sermon on Psalms [before 1845]

1 item. Fragile.
Folder  33

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Social Duty [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  34

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. To Mary: poem [before 1845]

1 item. Fragile. Torn.
Folder  35

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Transubstantiation [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  36

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. The War which the Beast and his Ten Horns make with the Lamb: Revelation 19:19 [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  37

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Writings on Canadian Priests (1836, Sep. 6)

1 item. Fragile.
Folder  38

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Letter to Jean-Jacques Lartigue, 1777-1840 (1837, Mar. 8)

1 item.
Folder  39

Bourne, George, 1780-1845. Letter to Christopher Stibbs (1816, Oct. 19)

1 item. Incomplete?
Folder  40

Bourne, George Melksham, 1806-1887. Reminiscences of Rev. George Bourne, 1780-1845 [before 1887]

3 items. Two copies. With late note, 1900, Nov.
Folder  41

Bourne, George Melksham, 1806-1887. Letter to George Bourne, 1780-1845 (1840, June 17)

1 item. Following the above is letter to "Dear Mary."
Box 2

Bourne, Mary Stibbs - Stibbs, Christopher, unknown authors and ephemera

Folder  1

Bourne, Mary Stibbs. Letter to ----- Stibbs (1808, Dec. 8)

1 item. Fragile. Torn.
Folder  2

Bourne, Theodore. The Downfall of Babylon: notebook [1850s]

1 item.
Folder  3

Bourne, Theodore. His Eminence Cardinal McClosky, His Pre-Eminence Cardinal Diotrephes [approx. 1875]

1 item.
Folder  4

Bourne, Theodore. In Memoriam: Rev. R. H. Bourne [1886]

1 item.
Folder  5

Bourne, Theodore. Notes for Bible Class: notebook (1851)

1 item. Most of the notebook is blank.
Folder  6

Bourne, Theodore. Notes on Church and State by Democritus [1854?]

2 items. Following: Appeal to the Citizens of New York.
Folder  7

Bourne, Theodore. Picture of Slavery [1850s]

1 item.
Folder  8

Bourne, Theodore.(?) Popish Auricular Confession Disclosed… [between 1847 and 1853]

1 item. Fragile. Torn.
Folder  9

Bourne, Theodore.(?) Popish Auricular Confession Disclosed… [between 1847 and 1853]

1 item.
Folder  10

Bourne, Theodore. The Principal Characteristics of Roman Apostasy: notebook [1850s]

1 item.
Folder  11

Bourne, Theodore. Restoration of the Jews [1850s]

1 item.
Folder  12

Bourne, Theodore. The Right of the Bible as a Book of History to be Read in the Public Schools (1876)

1 item.
Folder  13

Bourne, Theodore. Titles of Proposed Books, Letters and Pamphlets: notebook [1850s]

1 item.
Folder  14

Bourne, Theodore. To the Friends of Law and Order [approx. 1877]

1 item.
Folder  15

Bourne, Theodore. The Vow of Washington: Response of Patriotic Americans (1895, July 4)

1 item.
Folder  16

Cardall, William. Letter to "My dear Sir" (1860, May 21)

1 item.
Folder  17

Cardall, William. Letter to "Dear Sir" (1860, June 4)

1 item.
Folder  18

Collins, W. Russell. Letter to Mrs. R. H. Bourne (1892, Nov. 11)

1 item.
Folder  19

Eardley, Culling Eardley, Sir, 1805-1863. Letter to "Dear Sir" (1860, May 17)

1 item. Incomplete. Last page is cut.
Folder  20

Ely, Ezra Stiles, 1786-1861. Christ Wounded: poem (1844, Jan. 14)

1 item. Handwritten copy.
Folder  21

Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879. To a Friend: poem (1843)

1 item. Handwritten copy.
Folder  22

Holmes, A. F. (Andrew Fernando), 1797-1860. Letter to George Bourne, 1780-1845 [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  23

L----, W. H. Note re: Slavery [before 1845]

1 item.
Folder  24

Montizambert, C. W. Letter to Theodore Bourne [1870s?]

1 item.
Folder  25

Stibbs, Christopher. Letter to George Bourne, 1780-1845 (1837, Feb. 12)

2 items. Contains account information about Christopher Stibbs' estate.
Folder  26

, Mary. Letter to Theodore Bourne and Emeline Johnson Bourne (1857, Sep. 8)

1 item.
Folder  27

[Unknown author]. Betty: A Story of My Life [1900]

1 item. Fragile. Unbound.
Folder  28

[Unknown author]. The Daguerreotype: poem [1843]

1 item. By M. J. B. First published in Dublin University Magazine, a Literary and Political Journal (American Edition: New York), Vol. 21, March 1843: 306.
Folder  29

[Unknown author]. For Emeline: On Her Twent [sic] Birthday: poem [1848]

1 item.
Folder  30

[Unknown author]. Fragment beginning "Of What consequences is the little outward embellishments even in this life? (1899, Oct. 20)

1 item. Incomplete.
Folder  31

[Unknown author]. Heathen and Hebrews and Jews, Catholics & Nuns [undated]

1 item.
Folder  32

[Unknown author]. On a Tombstone: poem [1840s]

1 item. "Copied by Mrs. Mary S. Bourne (Mother)." On verso: There is an Hour: poem. In two pieces. Torn.
Folder  33

[Unknown author]. Poem beginning "One day at…." [undated]

1 item.
Folder  34

[Unknown author]. Poem beginning "Time is hastening fast away…" [undated]

1 item.
Folder  35

[Unknown author]. Poem on the Union Victory [1865]

1 item.
Folder  36

[Unknown author]. Prayer for the Opening of Bible Class [undated]

1 item.
Folder  37

[Unknown author]. Sermon in French [between 1847 and 1853]

1 item. In the hand of Theodore Bourne?
Folder  38

[Unknown author]. To ____: poem [undated]

1 item. "Written for Belle Elsworth to send to her friend Mr. Lottner." Fragile. Torn.
Folder  39

[Unknown author]. Written for E. B.: poem [approx. 1843]

1 item.
Folder  40

Ephemera [undated]

1 item.
Folder  41

Newspaper Clippings (1830-1918)

11 items.
Folder  42

Photocopies re: Bourne family

10 items.
Folder  43

Printed Items (1837-1885)

5 items.