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Aroche Parra (Miguel) papers
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  • Title: Miguel Aroche Parra papers
    Date (inclusive): 1901-2011
    Collection Number: 2014C20
    Contributing Institution: Hoover Institution Library and Archives
    Language of Material: Spanish; Castilian
    Physical Description: 53 manuscript boxes, 4 oversize boxes, 1 oversize folder (24.2 Linear Feet)
    Abstract: Speeches and writings, correspondence, reports, memoranda, internal bulletins, and printed matter, relating to political conditions in Mexico, and especially to political parties and electoral alliances of the left, including the Partido Comunista Mexicano, the Partido Obrero Campesino Mexicano, the Movimiento de Acción y Unidad Socialista, and the Partido de la Revolución Democrática.
    Creator: Aroche Parra, Miguel, 1915-
    Physical Location: Hoover Institution Library & Archives.


    Box 57 may not be used without permission of the Archivist. The remainder of the collection is open for research; materials must be requested in advance via our reservation system. If there are audiovisual or digital media material in the collection, they must be reformatted before providing access.


    For copyright status, please contact the Hoover Institution Library & Archives.

    Acquisition Information

    Materials were acquired by the Hoover Institution Library & Archives in 2014.

    Preferred Citation

    [Identification of item], Miguel Aroche Parra papers, [Box no., Folder no. or title], Hoover Institution Library & Archives

    Biographical / Historical

    Miguel Aroche Parra was a Mexican railroad unionist, Communist Party leader, a poet, author, and journalist and a columnist for Excelsior.
    Aroche Parra, born in 1915, was an active member of the Partido Comunista Mexicano until 1950, when he helped found the Partido Obrero Campesino Mexicano, which became part of the Partido Popular Socialista in 1963. Aroche Parra, who played a leading role in the famous 1959 railroad strike, was imprisoned for more than seven years for taking part in that movement. In prison Aroche Parra began writing poems that were eventually compiled and published under the title 28 Poems of Love and Life.
    An orthodox Marxist-Leninist, Aroche Parra criticized the Partido Revolucionario Institucional's (PRI's) long rule in Mexico. He wrote often about the labor movement in his country and criticized what he saw as the political repression of dissent by the Mexican government, especially the student movement of 1968. On international issues, Aroche Parra was a dedicated "anti-imperialist" who opposed what he saw as the malign influence of US power in Latin America and elsewhere in the world. In contrast, he wrote favorably about North Vietnam and North Korea.

    Scope and Contents

    The Aroche Parra papers are made up mostly of correspondence, serial issues, and his writings, including original drafts of essays, poems, and his many articles written both for the organs of the political parties he was associated with and for publications such as Excelsior and Política with a wide audience in Mexico. Aroche Parra's articles and columns thus offer a running commentary on Mexican and international politics during a period of more than half a century.
    The papers also contain position papers and other internal documents relating to his participation in radical politics, including those pertaining to the issues that led to his expulsion from the Communist Party of Mexico. In his later years, Aroche Parra served as a deputy representing the Partido de la Revolucion (PDR) in the Chamber of Deputies of the Mexican Congress; his papers contain a number of documents relating to the PDR's formation.
    In addition, drafts of many of Aroche Parra's poems. Inspired by the work of Pablo Neruda, they are often political in nature, although some are of a more personal, romantic nature.

    Subjects and Indexing Terms

    Socialism -- Mexico
    Communism -- Mexico
    Mexico -- Politics and government
    Partido Comunista Mexicano
    Partido Obrero Campesino Mexicano
    MAUS (Organization)
    Partido de la Revolución Democrática (Mexico)