William Riley McKeen Jr. Papers: Finding Aid

Finding aid prepared by Suzanne Oatey.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
© 2017
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Title: William Riley McKeen Jr. Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1871-1928
Bulk dates: 1895-1915
Collection Number: mssMcKeen
Creator: McKeen, William R., Jr., 1869-1946
Extent: 12 boxes (7.5 linear ft.)
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2191
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: This collection contains the personal and professional papers of American railroad mechanical engineer and innovator William Riley McKeen Jr. (1869-1946), who developed some of the first gasoline-powered railroad motor cars, beginning in 1905 for the Union Pacific Railroad. In 1908, he became president of the McKeen Motor Car Company, which built over 150 of the pioneering motor cars through 1917. The materials are primarily focused on the McKeen motor cars and the history of their promotion and production, 1905-1917. Materials include promotional booklets and ephemera, news clippings, scrapbooks, operating manuals, McKeen’s personal notebooks and over 300 photographs.
Language: English.

Access

Open to qualified researchers by prior application through the Reader Services Department. For more information, contact Reader Services.

Administrative Information

Publication Rights

The Huntington Library does not require that researchers request permission to quote from or publish images of this material, nor does it charge fees for such activities. The responsibility for identifying the copyright holder, if there is one, and obtaining necessary permissions rests with the researcher.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], William Riley McKeen Jr. Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

Gift of the Los Angeles Railroad Heritage Foundation, September 1, 2008.

Custodial History

This collection was previously owned by Donald Duke and forms a subset of the Huntington's Donald Duke Collection of Railroad Photographs and Ephemera. Duke received the papers from William R. McKeen Jr. in 1946, when Duke was 18 years old. In his acknowledgements in RDC: The Budd Rail Diesel Car by Donald Duke and Edmund Keilty (Golden West Books, 1990), Duke wrote: “My interest in railcars goes back to my high school days where I developed an interest in the McKeen Motor Car. I found out William R. McKeen, Jr. was still alive and living in Santa Barbara. I visited him several times. On his death, he left his personal files and illustrations to my custody.”

Processing/Project Information

This collection came with an inventory created approximately 1999, indicating several oversize blueprints of car and part drawings and technical data tables, which did not come with the rest of the collection. The whereabouts of these items are unknown. A copy of this original inventory is kept in the collection file.

Biographical and Historical Note

American railroad mechanical engineer and innovator William Riley McKeen Jr. (1869-1946) was born in Terre Haute, Indiana, in 1869. His father, William Riley McKeen (1829-1913), was a banker and president of the Terre Haute & Indianapolis Railroad. McKeen Jr. graduated from Rose Polytechnic Institute and Johns Hopkins University, then studied at a technical university in Berlin, 1890-1891. In 1892, he apprenticed in the mechanical shops of the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railway in Columbus, Ohio. The next year, he began work as master car builder for the Terre Haute & Indianapolis Railroad in Indiana. In 1898, he joined Union Pacific Railroad as district foreman at North Platte, Nebraska, a position he held until May 1901, when he became master mechanic of the Wyoming division of Union Pacific. In 1902, he was promoted to Superintendent of Motor Power and Machinery for Union Pacific in Omaha, Nebraska.
At the behest of Union Pacific head E. H. Harriman, McKeen led a team of company engineers to design an economical gasoline-powered rail car with an internal combustion engine, a technology still in its infancy. The first motor car was created in March 1905 and was soon put into service carrying passengers. By 1908, demand for the distinctively designed motor cars with porthole windows and other advanced features led to the formation of the McKeen Motor Car Company, with McKeen as president. The company was created as a Union Pacific subsidiary and operated out of Union Pacific shop buildings in Omaha, Nebraska. By 1912, fewer new cars were being ordered, and in 1917 the last cars were built. In 1920, Union Pacific took control of the company’s assets. In the 12 years of production, over 150 McKeen motor cars were built, operating on several railroads in the United States, with exports to Canada, Cuba, Australia and Mexico.
McKeen retired to Santa Barbara, California around 1923, where he died in 1946. McKeen was survived by his third wife, Carmen T. McKeen. His first two marriages, to Elizabeth New in 1893, and Mary L. Hull in 1911, ended in divorce.

Scope and Content

This collection contains the personal and professional papers of American railroad mechanical engineer and innovator William Riley McKeen Jr. (1869-1946) who developed some of the first gasoline-powered railroad motor cars, beginning in 1905 for the Union Pacific Railroad. In 1908, he became president of the McKeen Motor Car Company, which built over 150 of the pioneering motor cars through 1917. The materials are primarily focused on the McKeen motor cars and the history of their promotion and production, 1905-1917. Materials include promotional booklets and ephemera, news clippings, scrapbooks, operating manuals, McKeen’s personal notebooks and over 300 photographs.
Series 1 begins with McKeen’s youth and schooling, with examples of some of his engineering notes and workbooks. There are also notes on designing his house, a genealogy of the McKeen family, and his father’s estate settlement papers, which include correspondence between McKeen and his siblings. McKeen’s professional work and concerns are reflected in several notebooks he kept during his career, with detailed notes related to employees, design issues and other work in the railroad mechanical shops. There are only a few letters of business correspondence, and just one copy of a letter from E. H. Harriman (no original).
Among the personal papers is a file of documents related to a 1912 lawsuit brought against McKeen and his second wife, Mary, by Mary's former husband, Charles Hull, in Omaha, Nebraska. This file contains documents that would be of interest to medical and social history researchers: a detective’s transcript of observations of prostitutes and activities at brothels (collected to disparage Mr. Hull).
Series 2 contains McKeen motor car materials, primarily promotional brochures and ephemera (including a package of custom cigarettes), operating manuals, production statistics, news clippings and articles. See also Series 3 and 4 for clippings and photographs of McKeen motor cars.
Series 3 contains three scrapbooks: A) a personal ledger, with clippings; B) a scrapbook of over 100 clippings about the McKeen Motor Car Company, 1907 – 1920; and C) a scrapbook of photographs and clippings about McKeen motor cars in Australia, 1911-1912.
Series 4 contains photographs, including a set of Union Pacific company photographs of McKeen motor cars over the years 1905-1911. McKeen appears in some photographs, and there are some views of employees, Omaha shop buildings, engines and production views. Other photographs show McKeen motor cars on various railroads, some wrecks, engine parts, and views of the McKeen Highway Coach, a passenger vehicle introduced in 1915.

Related materials in the Huntington Library

  • Donald Duke Collection of Railroad Photographs and Ephemera (Call number: 645950)

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in the following 4 series:
  • Series 1. Personal and professional papers, 1871-1922
  • Series 2. McKeen motor cars: promotional and operating materials, 1905-1919
    • Subseries A. McKeen motor cars on Union Pacific Railroad
    • Subseries B. McKeen Motor Car Company
  • Series 3. Scrapbooks
    • Subseries A. Ledger and scrapbook, 1895-1928
    • Subseries B. McKeen Motor Cars scrapbook, 1906-1920
    • Subseries C. McKeen motor cars in Australia scrapbook, 1911-1912
  • Series 4. Photographs
    • Subseries A. Union Pacific Railroad photographs of McKeen motor cars, 1905-1911
    • Subseries B. McKeen motor cars and other railroad views, approximately 1905- 1915
    • Subseries C. Views of trucks and parts, United Motor Truck Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1915. Two views of McKeen Highway Coach vehicle.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Subjects

McKeen, William R., Jr., 1869-1946 -- Archives.
McKeen Motor Car Co.
Terre Haute & Indianapolis Railroad Company -– History.
United Motors Company.
Union Pacific Railroad Company -– History.
Electricity -- Study and teaching.
Internal combustion engines -- History.
Railroad engineering.
Railroad cars -- Design and construction.
Railroad motorcars.
Railroad passenger cars.
Railroads – Australia.
Railroads -- United States.
Prostitution -- United States -- History -- 20th century.

Forms/Genres

Ephemera.
Letters (correspondence).
Manuscripts.
Notebooks.
Photographs.
Promotional materials.
Scrapbooks.
Workbooks.

Additional Contributors

Duke, Donald, 1929-2010, former owner.
Hawkins, Omar F. (Omar Finlay), 1890-1967, photographer.
Reichert, Albert A., 1876-1963, photographer.
James Bayne Co., photographer.
McKeen Motor Car Co.


Collection Contents

 

Container List

 

Personal and professional papers. 1871-1922

Physical Description: 5 boxes
Box 1

Personal and professional papers

Folder 1

Childhood drawings. Approximately 1874

The drawings are in a ledger with entries by McKeen’s mother: “Ann F. McKeen, Treasurer, Ladies Aid Society.” The entries are mostly legible, and are dated 1871-1880.
Folder 2

School notes. Approximately 1882

Folder 3

Geometry workbook. 1885-1886

Folder 4

Rose Polytechnic Institute, student drawings. 1888

Folder 5

Rose Polytechnic Institute, “Notes on Rankine by W. R. McKeen Jr. Class ’89, Terre Haute, Ind.” [engineering workbook]. 1889

Folder 6

Johns Hopkins University, “Electricity Practice” workbook. 1889-1890

This school book also contains some personal accounting entries of McKeen’s, such as taxes and bills 1903 – 1907.
Folder 7

German technical university catalogs [also lab notes written in German]. 1882; 1890

Note: McKeen studied in Berlin 1890-1891. Contains:
  • General provisions for Koniglichen Technischen Hochschule, Berlin, 1882.
  • List of courses in machinery and engineering, Technische Hochschule Charlottenburg, 1890.
Folder 8

Rose Polytechnic Institute yearbook. 1905

(McKeen does not appear; he graduated in 1889.)
Folders 9-11

Building of residence on West Leavenworth St., Omaha, Nebraska. 1911-1912

Personal notebook of house specifications and bill of materials; typescript of specifications by architect George B. Prinz (1911); sketches; news clippings (1912).
Folders 12-13

“Hull vs. Mr. and Mrs. W. R. McKeen, Jr.” lawsuit. Clippings and related documents [Charles W. Hull, plaintiff]. 1912

This lawsuit was of a personal nature, brought by McKeen’s second wife’s ex-husband, Charles W. Hull. Includes some news clippings and one piece of correspondence from N. H. Loomis, Union Pacific Railroad Law Dept. to McKeen.
Also contains a detective’s transcript of witness statements regarding character of Charles W. Hull, gathered as potential evidence in the case of Charles W. Hull vs. Mary L. McKeen and W. R. McKeen, Jr., in Omaha, Nebraska. Note: This document is topically out of the range of the rest of this collection, but is valuable as a historical research document for candid statements by prostitutes (with names), and brothel activities in Omaha, Nebraska, 1912.
Box 2

Personal and professional papers

Folders 1-4

Misc. personal items. 1890-1921

Includes two half-tone photographs of 1) McKeen and 2) E. H. Harriman.
Folder 5

McKeen family history

Three-page handwritten genealogy of the McKeens and news clippings on W. R. McKeen, Sr. (1889-1897).
Folders 6-12

Estate papers of William Riley McKeen, Sr. and related correspondence. 1913-1918

Documents and correspondence regarding the settling of the estate of McKeen’s father, who died in 1913. Most of the correspondence is among attorneys and the four sons: W. R. McKeen, Jr., Benjamin McKeen, Frank McKeen, and Samuel C. “Crawford” McKeen, with a few letters from their sisters, Mary “Mamie” J. Pugh (and husband Horace C. Pugh), Anna E. Shuler and Edith M. Cutler. Issues discussed include selling of property, tenants, insurance, stock sales and investments, and personal allowances. Several letters written on McKeen Motor Car Co. letterhead.
Box 3

Personal and professional papers

Folder 1

Personal notebooks. 1893-1895

3 notebooks. Writings include costs of materials and repairs for railcar parts and labor, lists of employees by occupation.
Folder 2

Personal notebooks. 1895

4 notebooks. Writings include lists of employees, drawings, ledger of work hours, railcar specifications.
Folder 3

Personal notebooks. 1896-1898

3 notebooks.
Folder 4

Personal notebooks. 1900-1912

3 notebooks. First three pages of “1905-1912” book have a written timeline of McKeen’s job titles and personal events (divorces, health issues).

Related Material

See also: Box 1, f. 6 school workbook with personal entries dated 1903-1907.
Folder 5

Address and memo book. Approximately 1890-1919

Contains typewriting, handwriting, pasted-in notes and clippings. Includes:
  • Copies of letters on earnings of motor cars and grade-climbing performance, 1909.
  • “Drugs” – notes on medications for sciatica.
  • Notes: “B.A. Worthington. Trip over Great Northern, Oct. 1904.” Details of weight, fuel, engines on trains.
Folder 6

Address book. Approximately 1897-1901

Stamped on inside cover “W.R. McKeen. Master Car Builder.”
Folder 7

Diary. Approximately 1898-1910

Some letters and notes folded inside.
Box 4

Personal and professional papers

Folder 1

Notebook on local sporting contests. Approximately 1898-1909

Unidentified clipping inside says “Union Pacific against Citizens of County.”
Folder 2

Personal stock receipt book. 1901-1912

Includes list of officers and trustees of the Railway Employees Building & Loan Association, 1901.
Folder 3

Correspondence and receipts. 1892

List of books purchased through Home Library Association, Chicago, and bookseller A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago, 1892
Folder 4

Correspondence and receipts. 1893-1899

Folder 5

Correspondence and receipts. 1900-1902

Folder 6

Correspondence and receipts. 1904-1907

Copy (not original) of letter to McKeen from E. H. Harriman, September 6, 1907.
Folder 7

Correspondence and receipts. 1915-1922

Folder 8

Terre Haute & Indianapolis R.R. Co. annual report. 1891 (published 1892)

Folder 9

Railroad workers union booklets. 1892-1910

7 booklets.
Folder 10

Convention album, Master Car Builders and Master Mechanics, Atlantic City, New Jersey. 1906 June

Contains portraits and titles of members present at convention, including McKeen.
Folder 11

Souvenir program, 1883 – 1907 Silver Anniversary, Division 88, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. 1907

2 copies. McKeen profiled on p. 57.
Folder 12

Writings and speeches by McKeen. 1907

“Gasoline Motor Cars for Railway Service,” pgs. 669-683, Official Proceedings of the New York Railroad Club Meeting, April 19, 1907.
Folder 13

Writings and speeches by McKeen. 1912

  • 1) “The Internal Combustion Engine, with Special Reference to Its Use as Motive Power on Railway Locomotives,” an address delivered before the Committee of Investigation on Smoke Abatement and Electrification of Railway Terminals, Bulletin II, Vol. II, Chicago, May 31, 1912. (2 copies)
  • 2) “The Internal Combustion Engine, Its Use and Development,” Committee of Investigation on Smoke Abatement and Electrification of Railway Terminals, Bulletin III, Vol. II, Omaha, August 1912. (2 copies)
Folder 14

Writings and speeches by McKeen. 1915

“The Value of Motor Cars on Railroad Systems,” pgs. 4074-4098, Official Proceedings of the New York Railroad Club Meeting, October 15, 1915.
Box 5

Personal and professional papers

Folder 1

Writings and speeches by others. 1911

“Edward Henry Harriman” by Otto H. Kahn, an address delivered before the Finance Forum in New York, January 25, 1911. (2 copies)
Folder 2

Writings and speeches by others. 1912

“The Railroad Man, the Selected Servant of the Public,” by H. W. Sheridan, an address to students of University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, December 4, 1912.
Folder 3

Writings and speeches by others. 1913

“Self-Propelled Railway Passenger Cars” by S. T. Dodd and B. H. Arnold, presented at Fifth Annual Convention of the International Railway Fuel Association, 1913. Includes discussion of McKeen motor cars.
Folder 4

Writings and speeches by others. 1915

An address by Mr. A. L. Mohler, President, Union Pacific R.R. Co. and Oregon Short Line R.R. Co., at a hearing before the Committee on Railroads of the House of Representatives, Nebraska Legislature, Lincoln, Nebraska, March 3, 1915.
Folder 5

U.S. Patent Office documents on McKeen patent cases. 1907

Includes fold-out exhibits and technical drawings.
Folder 6

U.S. Patent Office documents on McKeen patent cases. 1911

(2 copies)
Folder 7

U.S. Patent Office documents on McKeen patent cases. 1911-1912

Final hearing and appellant’s brief.
 

McKeen motor cars: promotional and operating materials. 1905-approximately 1919

Physical Description: 2 boxes
 

McKeen motor cars on Union Pacific Railroad. 1905-approximately 1919

Includes promotional booklets and brochures, operating manuals, operating costs and specifications.
Box 6 (Folders 1-5)

McKeen motor cars on Union Pacific Railroad.

Folder 1

McKeen motor cars on Union Pacific Railroad - Brochures. 1905-1906

6 items.
Folder 2

McKeen motor cars on Union Pacific Railroad – Promotional booklet, titled “Motor Cars on Union Pacific Railroad.” 1907

32 pgs., illustrated with photographs of motor cars and map of the “Union Pacific Overland route and Connections.” Descriptions of motor car nos. 1 – 13. (2 copies)
Folder 3

McKeen motor cars on Union Pacific Railroad – “Statement of cost of operating Motor Cars on Colorado Division, June 1908.” 1908 June

1 pg. describing details of operating costs, including repairs, fuel, wages.
Folder 4

McKeen motor cars on Union Pacific Railroad – Operating instructions manual. Approximately 1909

32 pgs., titled “Instructions for the Guidance of Motormen and Conductors operating Motor Cars, Union Pacific Railroad Co. Approved, W. L. Park, General Superintendent and C. E. Fuller, Superintendent M.P. & M.”
Folder 5

McKeen motor cars on Union Pacific Railroad – “Common Standard Specifications for Material“ manual (1904-1912) with index and supplement (1919); blank Union Pacific payroll sheet (approximately 1905). 1904-1919

Manual approximately 150 pgs.
 

McKeen Motor Car Company. 1909-1917

Includes promotional booklets, brochures and ephemera, clippings and testimonials.
Box 6 (Folders 6-14)

McKeen Motor Car Company.

Folder 6

McKeen Motor Car Company – “Instruction Book No. 1, McKeen Gasoline Motor Car." 1912

58 pgs., with photographs and a fold-out mechanical drawing. Also 7 loose pages titled “Supplement to Instruction Book for Motor Car 3 ft. 6 in. Gauge” (undated).
Folder 7

McKeen Motor Car Company – Hospital Fund booklet. 1910-1911

Folder 8

McKeen Motor Car Company – Promotional booklets. 1909

44 pgs. (2 copies). Notes on car specifications and speeds pasted into back of one book.
Folder 9

McKeen Motor Car Company – Promotional brochures. Approximately 1910-1911

Folder 10

McKeen Motor Car Company – Promotional booklets. 1911

60 pgs. (3 copies and blueprint version).
Folder 11

McKeen Motor Car Company – Transparencies of some pages of 1911 booklet. 1911

Folder 12

McKeen Motor Car Company – Spiral-bound copies of 1911 booklet. 1911

(2 copies)
Folder 13

McKeen Motor Car Company – Promotional brochures. Undated (approximately 1911-1915)

16 pgs. (7 copies)
Folder 14

McKeen Motor Car Company – Promotional brochures. 1912; 1914

1912: 75 pgs. (2 copies); 1914: 4 pgs. (3 copies)
Box 7

McKeen Motor Car Company.

Folder 1

McKeen Motor Car Company – Promotional ephemera. Approximately 1910-1911

17 items including calling cards, bookmarks and 1 box of custom-made cigarettes (1910)
Folder 2

McKeen Motor Car Company – Advertisement inside “Souvenir of Fort Omaha,” Nebraska. 1917

Folder 3

McKeen Motor Car Company – Printed testimonials from railroad company officials and others. 1911-1914

Folder 4

McKeen Motor Car Company – News clippings. 1905-1912

Photocopies and 2 reprints.
Folder 5

McKeen Motor Car Company – News clippings. 1914; 1917

“Patent News” (Washington D.C., Nov. 1914); “Midland Magazine” (Kansas City, Oct. 1917 - 2 copies.)
Folder 6

McKeen Motor Car Company – Original company envelopes containing news clippings. (Clippings are very brittle: please use photocopies in Folder 4)

4 envelopes.
Folder 7

Weed Burner for railroad track maintenance – Promotional brochures. Undated

4 pg. leaflet (4 copies) and 1 booklet (2 copies).
 

Scrapbooks. 1895-1928

Physical Description: 3 scrapbooks in 2 boxes. Fragile.
Box 8

Scrapbooks A-B

Volume A

Personal ledger and scrapbook. 1895-1928

Physical Description: Approximately 200 pgs. (12 x 7 ¾ inches)

Ledger pages for 1895–approximately 1908 are pasted over with clippings; ledgers for 1909–1928 are legible, listing income, income taxes, expenses, stocks and bonds. Several stocks are in railroad companies. The remaining pages contain newspaper and magazine clippings, and misc. notes. Clippings are mostly personal topics, such as McKeen’s divorces of 1909 and 1921 (also pasted in is a legal divorce notice, 1921), and articles on self-improvement, health, divorce, and other items in the news. A few clippings concern McKeen Motor Car Co. or McKeen’s business career. There are a few clippings at the back that date from McKeen’s retirement to Santa Barbara: from the Los Angeles Times, 1924, and the Santa Barbara News, 1925.
Volume B

“McKeen Motor Cars” scrapbook. 1906-1920

Physical Description: Approximately 385 pgs. (16 x 12 inches)

The first 24 pages of clippings have come loose and are in a separate folder; these clippings date from 1906–1917. The scrapbook album begins on page 25 with clippings dated 1908–1920. It has a typed title: “McKeen Motor Cars” and contains clippings from newspapers, periodicals and industry publications. Advertisements for motor cars are also included for years 1912–1917.
Box 9

Scrapbook C

Volume C

McKeen motor cars in Australia scrapbook. 1911-1912

Physical Description: Approximately 100 pgs. (14 ½ x 10 ¾ inches)

Includes 33 photographs with captions, showing workers on ships transporting McKeen motor cars to Australia, and cars on railroads in Australia. Also contains news clippings on McKeen cars in Australia.
 

Photographs. 1905-1915

Physical Description: 313 photographs in 3 boxes
 

Union Pacific Railroad Company photographs of McKeen motor cars. 1905-1911

Physical Description: 217 photographs, most approximately 10 x 13 inches; some smaller.

Views of McKeen-designed motor cars and other types of Union Pacific cars, shop buildings, engines and production views. All photographs are stamped on the back: “Office [of] Chemist and Engineer of Tests. Union Pacific. Negative No.__ Date__” and have handwritten numbers and dates. Photographs are in chronological order, beginning January 17, 1905, with views of Union Pacific Motor Car 1, the first gasoline-powered car McKeen designed. McKeen appears in several photographs, along with other employees.
Box 10

Photographs. 1907-1907

Physical Description: 116 photographs
Folder 1

Union Pacific neg. no.: 6, 12, 12a, 15, 20, 25

No. of items: 6
(1905) Union Pacific Motor Car 1. Two views with Union Pacific Chair Car no. 615 and group of people, including W. R. McKeen, at far right, in door of Motor Car 1 (20, 25).
Folder 2

Union Pacific neg. no.: 29, 30, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50

No. of items: 12
(1905) One view of McKeen and group with Union Pacific Motor Car 1. Views of car, engine, interior, and overhead production views of floor frame and body frame in shop.
Folder 3

Union Pacific neg. no.: 51, 52, 62, 62a, 63, 64, 66, 70, 72, 73

No. of items: 10
(1905) Body frame in shop, engine parts. Union Pacific Motor Car 2 interior and exterior (63 – 73).
Folder 4

Union Pacific neg. no.: 83, 91, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 99

No. of items: 8
(1905) McKeen (in overalls) and large group in front of Union Pacific Motor Car 2. Detail views of car, motorman in engine compartment, smashed end of car. One satirical cartoon titled “Another Richmond in the Field” showing a “gasoline car” and “trolley car” at battle.
Folder 5

Union Pacific neg. no.: 105, 106, 107, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 114a, 115, 116, 117, 118, 121, 123, 124

No. of items: 17
(1905 – 1906) Union Pacific Motor Car 4, Motor Car 5, Motor Car 6 and Motor Car 7. U.S. Mail-Express-Baggage trailer T-1 and interiors showing mail sorting boxes [of T-1?]. McKeen and group standing in front of Motor Car 5. Models of car shops, 13-story office building and model of Motor Car 7. Cars on turntable.
Folder 6

Union Pacific neg. no.: 131, 141, 142

No. of items: 3
(1906) Photomontage of written summary: “Record Runs. E. H. Harriman Special. May 6 & 7, 1906,” with views of three locomotives. Two views of a motor truck in shop.
Folder 7

Union Pacific neg. no.: 185, 186, 187, 187a, 189 (2), 190a, 190b

No. of items: 8
(1906) Union Pacific Motor Car 10 parade model in front of shops office, and decorated in street. Union Pacific Motor Car 8 and Motor Car 9.
Folder 8

Union Pacific neg. no.: 201, 202a, 204, 204a, 209, 212 (2), 212a, 212b, 212c (2), 212d (2), 213, 213a

No. of items: 15
(1906) Union Pacific Motor Car 8 with people boarding. Union Pacific Steel Box Car 72850 and Weed Burner (213-213a).
Folder 9

Union Pacific neg. no.: 261, 261a, 261b, 261c, 280, 280a (2), 280b (2), 280c, 280d (2), 282a, 286, 287 (2)

No. of items: 16
(1907) Weed Burner, Union Pacific Steel Box Car 72851. Three views of “Motor Cars” shop buildings and grounds, with Motor Car 10.
Folder 10

Union Pacific neg. no.: 319, 320, 321 (2), 322 (2), 323 (2)

No. of items: 8
(1907) Construction of shop building, showing frame and grounds. Drawings: Motor Car floor plan, motor truck, “Howe Truss” and motor car side frame, mail and baggage trailer elevation and floor plan.
Folder 11

Union Pacific neg. no.: 361, 362, 364, 370, 371, 377 (2), 378 (2), 379 (2), 380 (2)

No. of items: 14
(1907) Detail views of castings. Construction of shop building, showing frame and grounds. Interiors of motor car, with stained-glass detail. Motor cars in production in shop, showing steel frame.
Box 11

Photographs. 1907-1911

Physical Description: 101 photographs
Folder 1

Union Pacific neg. no.: 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388 (3), 389

No. of items: 9
(1907) Interior and exterior of Union Pacific no. 1229 steel U.S. Mail Railway Post Office car (383-386). Union Pacific steam locomotive no. 1824 and tender. One technical drawing of a 200 H.P. gasoline engine.
Folder 2

Union Pacific neg. no.: 411 (2), 412 (2), 414 (2), 417 (2), 418 (2), 419, 421, 434, 469, 470, 471, 472, 483, 484, 485, 492, 493a, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 502

No. of items: 28
(1907) Production views of steel passenger car, unfinished. Sets of wheels in yard, with shop buildings in background. Union Pacific Weed Burner 02902, Union Pacific steam locomotive no. 107 and tender. Technical drawing of Union Pacific motor car heating system (May 11, 1907). Interior of engine shop and motor truck assembly line. U.P. Motor Car 10 spotting boxcars and coal car (McKeen in image 492, with group). Hand colored views of tracks after Weed Burner passed over.
Folder 3

Union Pacific neg. no.: 508, 509, 510, 517, 554, 554b, 555, 556, 557, 574

No. of items: 10
(1907) Construction of shop buildings. Detail views of air compressor used on motor cars, with specifications. U.P. steel passenger car no. 499 designed by McKeen.
Folder 4

Union Pacific neg. no.: 609, 611, 613, 615, 618, 620, 621, 622, 623, 635, 677, 686, 687

No. of items: 13
(1908) Shop buildings completed. Construction of intake on Missouri River. Oregon Short Line Railroad three-level stock car no. 13860. U.P. steam locomotive no. 1717 being built in shop, with workers. Interiors of a motor car, with stained glass detail.
Folder 5

Union Pacific neg. no.: 736, 740, 741, 742, 745, 748, 749, 750, 751, 752, 753, 754, 755, 757, 758, 759, 768, 769 (2), 772, 773

No. of items: 21
(1908) McKeen and group in front “Motor Cars” shop buildings and a motor car. (See also #1077 - same people in close-up group portrait.) Interiors of motor car. U.P. Motor Car 19. Series of views (748-759) all captioned “The first McKeen 6 car motor train, taken at [various stops], Nebraska, Aug. 27, 1908” - Southern Pacific Railroad Motor Car 23 leading train. Silver Peak Railroad motor car “Mary”; Southern Pacific Railroad Motor Car 20, Motor Car 29 and Motor Car 30 with caption “The second McKeen 3 car motor train, taken at Omaha, Nebr. Oct. 3, 1908.”
Folder 6

Union Pacific neg. no.: 975, 986, 986a, 988

No. of items: 4
(1909) Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad Motor Car M100 draped with sign “Built by McKeen Motor Car Co. Omaha, Neb.”; Motor Car 2 “Kulshan” of the Bellingham Bay and British Columbia Railroad Company.
Folder 7

Union Pacific neg. no.: 1039, 1074, 1077

No. of items: 3
(1909) Northern Pacific Railroad A1 motor car. St. Joseph & Grand Island Railway motor car 110. Group portrait of McKeen and others, all named in caption, in front of motor car (1077).
Folder 8

Union Pacific neg. no.: 1132, 1162

No. of items: 2
(1909) U.P. motor locomotive with McKeen standing on footboard. Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad Motor Car 9020.
Folder 9

Union Pacific neg. no.: 1250, 1332, 1346, 1348, 1446, 1456, 1486

No. of items: 7
(1910) McKeen motor cars: Norfolk & Southern 90 U.S. Mail Railway Post Office “Southern Express”; Woodstock & Sycamore Traction Company 711; Chicago Great Western 1000; Pennsylvania 4701; Southern 3; Denver, Laramie & Northwestern “Greeley.” One view of McKeen Motor Car Co. shop buildings with six motor cars in front.
Folder 10

Union Pacific neg. no.: 1544, 1586, 1651, 1677

No. of items: 4
(1911) McKeen motor cars: Chicago Great Western 1001; Sand Springs Interurban Railway 1; Peoples Electric Railway “The Joe Haskell”; one view of railcar with caption: “Victorian Railway’s Motor Car. Shipped to Australia Nov. 29, 1911.”
 

McKeen motor cars and other railroad views. Approximately 1905-1915

Physical Description: 62 photographs of various sizes, mounted on paper album pages or board.

Includes views of cars in use on several different railroads; train collisions and wrecked cars; interiors of railcars; detail views of engines and parts; passengers, workers and shop buildings.
Only a few of the photographs are dated (1910-1915); some photographs appear to be earlier. Photographers identified: Omar F. Hawkins (M36-M37), and Albert A. Reichert (M11-M12, M42). Photographs kept in original arrangement as received, in order of the “M” numbers assigned by the Los Angeles Railroad Heritage Foundation.
Box 12 (Folders 1-6)

McKeen motor cars and other railroad views.

Folder 1

(M1 – M10)

  • “Pennsylvania” railcar built by Pressed Steel Car Company, Pittsburg, PA. (M9-M10). Stamped on back: Union Pacific.
Railroad companies: Motley County Railway Company (Texas); Minneapolis & Northern Railway Company; Southern Pacific Railroad Company (at Sacramento, Ca.)
Folder 2

(M11 – M19)

  • Series of four views, April 14, 1910, showing a McKeen car in production in the shop yard, with typed captions documenting an accident involving a worker named Dan McNeil (M13 – M16)
  • View of Union Pacific Railroad’s Julesburg, Colorado depot (M17)
Railroad companies: St. Joseph & Grand Island Railway; Union Pacific Railroad Company; Central New York Southern Railroad; Oregon Short Line Railroad Company
Folder 3

(M20-M29)

Railroad companies: Texas City Terminal Railway Company ; Weatherford, Mineral Wells & Northwestern Railway; Morgan’s Louisiana & Texas (Railroad)
Folder 4

(M30-M40)

  • Passengers disembarking McKeen railcar at Union Station, Omaha, Nebraska (M35)
  • Union Pacific wreck in Randolph, Kansas, Oct. 16, 1915, showing a McKeen car half submerged in water and the body of a man on the ground (M36-M37)
Railroad companies: Union Pacific Railroad Company
Folder 5

(M41-M46)

Railroad companies: Union Pacific Railroad Company
Folder 6

(M47 – M53)

McKeen Motor Car Co. building in Omaha, with boxed motor cars marked for shipment to Australia, and then shown being loaded on ship. One view of McKeen car for Queensland Railways.
 

Views of trucks and parts, United Motor Truck Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Two interior views of McKeen Highway Coach vehicle. 1915 and undated

Physical Description: 34 photographs disbound from an album

Views of trucks, engine parts, road trials, factory buildings, and two interior views of a McKeen Highway Coach (M86-M87). Photographer: James Bayne Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan (except M86-M87, uncredited). Background note: The McKeen Highway Coach, a passenger vehicle introduced in 1915, was installed on a truck chassis built by the United Motor Truck Company.
The photographs were disbound from an album imprinted “W. R. McKeen, McKeen Motor Car Co., Omaha, NEB.” (Covers not in collection; information about original binding received from the Los Angeles Railroad Heritage Foundation.) Photographs kept in original arrangement as received, in order of the “M” numbers assigned by the Los Angeles Railroad Heritage Foundation.
Box 12 (Folders 7-8)

Folder 7

(M54-M71)

Trucks and parts, United Motor Truck Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1915.
Folder 8

(M72-M87)

Trucks and parts, United Motor Truck Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1915. Two interior views of a McKeen Highway Coach (M86-M87).