Guide to the Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley papers

Robert Davis and Dylan J. McDonald
Center for Sacramento History
551 Sequoia Pacific Blvd.
Sacramento, California 95811-0229
Phone: (916) 808-7072
Fax: (916) 264-7582
Email: csh@cityofsacramento.org
URL: http://www.centerforsacramentohistory.org/
© 2013
Center for Sacramento History. All rights reserved.

Guide to the Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley papers

Collection number:

Center for Sacramento History

Sacramento, CA
Processed by:
Robert Davis and Dylan J. McDonald
Date Completed:
2011-2012
Finding aid prepared by:
Heather Lavezzo Downey and Dylan J. McDonald
Date Completed:
2012
Encoded by:
Alexander C. Guilbert
Date Completed:
2013
© 2013 Center for Sacramento History. All rights reserved.

Descriptive Summary

Title: Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley papers
Dates: circa 1940-1992
Collection number: MS0003
Creator: Colley, Jerlean Jackson
Creator: Colley, Nathaniel Sextus
Collection Size: 5 boxes (7.34 linear feet)
Repository: Center for Sacramento History
Sacramento, California 95811-0229
Abstract: The Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley papers document the legal and civic activities of Nathaniel Colley, one of Sacramento's earliest African American attorneys and a national civil rights leader. For nearly 50 years, Nathaniel and Jerlean made Sacramento their home, working to affect social change at the local, state, and national levels. The numerous speeches, statements, editorials, and publications for which Nathaniel Colley was renowned make up a large percentage of the collection, and provide the framework and foundation for each series.
Languages: Languages represented in the collection: English
Physical location: SP 2:I:05-06

Access

Collection is open for research use.

Publication Rights

All requests to publish or quote from private manuscripts held by the Center for Sacramento History (CSH) must be submitted in writing to csh@cityofsacramento.org. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Center for Sacramento History as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the patron. No permission is necessary to publish or quote from public records.

Preferred Citation

[Identifcation of item], MS0003, Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley papers, Center for Sacramento History.

Acquisition Information

Received from Alfred and Ola Marie Brown in October 2010 by the Center for Sacramento History. Accession #2010/036.

Processing Information

Processed by Robert Davis and Dylan J. McDonald, 2011-2012; finding aid prepared by Heather Lavezzo Downey and Dylan J. McDonald, 2012.

Biographical Sketch

Nathaniel Sextus Colley was born on November 21, 1918 in Carlowsville, Alabama. The youngest of six boys, he grew up in Snow Hill, Alabama. Colley graduated with high honors from Snow Hill Institute before attending Tuskegee Institute. He studied chemistry under George Washington Carver, graduating in 1941 with a B.S. degree and high honors. During World War II, Colley served overseas as Captain of a chemical company where he developed a protective suit that could resist poison gas. In 1946, he enrolled at Yale University Law School, winning the C. LaRue Munsun Prize for the most significant contribution of any Yale student to the New Haven, Connecticut Legal Aid Society. He also shared the Benjamin Sharp Prize for best original essay of any Yale student.
In 1948, Colley came to Sacramento, California where he wrote for the Sacramento Outlook newspaper as an Associate Editor. He opened his law practice as Sacramento's only African American attorney, quickly establishing a reputation as one of the area's best trial attorneys. He used his skills on behalf of private clients as well as public causes, such as civil rights. In the landmark case Ming vs. Horgan, Colley persuaded the United States Supreme Court that those receiving federal funds could not engage in discrimination. Colley also fought for the repeal of Proposition 14, and against housing and educational discrimination in California. As a member of the National Bar Association's Hall of Fame, Colley taught part-time at the University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law for seventeen years.
In addition to his legal career, Colley was a member, and leader, of many civic and educational associations at the local, state, and national levels. Most notably, he served as Chairman of both the West Coast Region and the National Legal Committee for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Furthermore, Governor Edmund "Pat" Brown appointed Colley to the California State Board of Education in 1960, making him the first African American to serve on the board. Between 1961 and 1962, Colley sat on President John F. Kennedy's Committee on Discrimination for the U.S. Armed Forces. An active Democrat, Colley was a member of the California State Democratic Central Committee and the Sacramento County Democratic Central Committee. In 1972, Colley was the Northern California Chairman of the Humphrey for President Campaign.
Colley met his wife, Sacramento native Jerlean "Jerry" Jackson, while attending Tuskegee Institute and the two married in 1942. They raised their five children in Sacramento, two of which would go on to become attorneys and join their father's law firm. They enjoyed traveling, and visited such places as South America, China, Africa, Europe, and the former Soviet Union. An avid horse racing fan, Colley bred horses on his property in Elk Grove, California, and served on the California Horse Racing Commission.
Nathaniel Colley passed away from brain cancer on May 20, 1992 at his home in Elk Grove, California. He was 74 years old.
Jerlean Colley was born in 1919 in Montgomery, Alabama to Hattie Loubirda Crawford, a homemaker, and Charles Stonewall Jackson, a businessman and entrepreneur. She grew up in Sacramento, California, graduating from Sacramento High School in 1939. She attended Tuskegee Institute in Alabama where she earned a degree in early childhood development. While at Tuskegee, Jerlean met Nathaniel Colley and the two married in 1942. In 1948, Nathaniel, Jerlean, and two infant daughters moved to Sacramento, California where they established Nathaniel's law practice.
While her husband was the public face of groundbreaking anti-discrimination lawsuits and numerous civic organizations, Mrs. Colley was an equally influential behind-the-scenes leader. She cared for their five children and was an active PTA member and volunteer with Campfire and Girl Scouts. She worked closely with her husband as a receptionist, secretary, accountant, and advisor. According to one of their children, Jerlean was "the heart and soul of that law practice." As Nathaniel's career progressed, Jerlean entertained governors, Supreme Court Justices, and other distinguished guests in the family's South Land Park home.
Mrs. Colley also managed the family's real estate and business interests, including Priscilla Bell Farms, an Elk Grove ranch where the Colley's raised thoroughbred racehorses.
Jerlean Colley passed away on March 11, 1998 in Sacramento, California from complications related to a fall. She was 79 years old.

Scope and Content of Collection

This collection primarily documents the legal and civic activities of Nathaniel and Jerlean Colley, with a small amount of material covering their family life and world travels. Collected and preserved by Jerlean, the papers focus mainly on Nathaniel's engagement as an editorial writer for the Sacramento Outlook newspaper; as NAACP legal counsel; as a member of the California State Board of Education and California Horse Racing Board; as a Democratic Party operative; as an adjunct faculty at McGeorge Law School; and horse breeder and owner of Priscilla Bell Farms. Other than media accounts and as stated in the container list below, the collection contains very little correspondence and files related to his private law practice. The original order of the papers was not discernible, and an artificial series hierarchy was created based on similar subject material. Items in general are arranged chronologically within each folder. Titles found within brackets in the container list were created by CSH staff to provide context as no original title could be discerned. Most newsprint, telegrams and other brittle paper have been photocopied onto archival paper for preservation purposes.
Contained within the collection are textual records including correspondence; newspapers, newspaper clippings and magazine articles; programs and racing forms; speeches, statements and lectures; editorials and press releases; awards and certificates; campaign ephemera; papers, publications and reports. Other formats include photographs and transparencies; and artifacts include plaques and awards. The geographic focus of the material is Sacramento and California, and dates from the 1940s through the 1990s. Topics and subjects included in the collection are Sacramento's African American community and its history; civil rights issues particularly fair employment and housing, school desegregation, affirmative action, social justice, labor, police procedures, and integration; the American philosophy of law and due process; activities of the Democratic Party and NAACP in California and Sacramento County; and educational issues including policy, attendance areas, vocational training, textbook content, equitable funding, and desegregation.
The following series scope and content notes only offers selected highlights, please see the container list for a full listing of the series contents. The numerous written speeches, statements, editorials and publications authored by Nathaniel Colley, materials that makes up a large percentage of the collection, provide the framework and foundation of each series.
Series 1. Personal & Family comprises primarily material documenting Nathaniel's awards and tribute dinners (including one less than a year before his death), his military service in World War II, and media accounts of his legal career. Of note are the magazine articles (items .008) for their descriptions of his legal work and standing amongst Sacramento's legal bar. The couple's trips to Central and South America, China, and the former Soviet Union are documented in written and bound reports containing itineraries, accounts and thoughts of their travels. Correspondence to and speeches by Jerlean document her involvement in various community organizations, often in conjunction with her husband, and raising her five children.
Series 2. Tuskegee Institute contains Nathaniel's lifelong involvement in the school's national alumni association and his speeches delivered to students, graduates, and alumni on the role of Tuskegee and the value of education.
Series 3. Sacramento Outlook includes Nathaniel's numerous editorials, written on behalf of the newspaper's editorial board, and press releases that document his civic interests and current legal cases. From 1948 through at least 1960, his "One Man's Opinion" editorial column ran regularly in the newspaper, covering such topics as local, state, and national politics; African American political power; communism and loyalty oaths; fair employment and housing; Jim Crow and segregation; and the challenges faced by the growing African American population of Sacramento and northern California.
Series 4. Legal Career focuses primarily on Nathaniel's jurisprudence course lecture notes taught at McGeorge School of Law. Additional items of note include his written statement of December 14, 1987 to the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee on the nomination of Judge Anthony M. Kennedy to the Supreme Court; several papers written for coursework at Yale Law School; and speeches on legal topics, including a reminiscence of friend Judge Loren Miller. As previously stated, the series contains very little correspondence and files related to his private law practice.
Series 5. Politics includes correspondence from various local and state Democratic leaders, including governors Pat Brown and Jerry Brown, expressing thanks for supporting their candidacies. In 1956 Nathaniel ran in the Democratic primary for a state senate seat. Items .076-.078 contain his speeches and campaign material that outlined his platform. Of note is the Colley's involvement in the 1960 presidential campaign of Sen. John F. Kennedy - advertisements, speeches, endorsements - and their subsequent invitation to the inauguration. Their relationship with the White House continued with additional requests for attendance at a state dinner honoring the Grand Duchess of Luxembourg and Nathaniel's service on the President's civil rights discussion group. After the death of the President Kennedy, Nathaniel wrote a tribute to the fallen leader in a speech titled, "He Killed Our Lincoln."
Series 6. Education and Youth highlights Nathaniel's commitment to educational opportunities for California's youth. The newspaper clippings document his appointment as the first African American on the California State Board of Education in 1960; his subsequent efforts to eliminate textbook bias, desegregate schools, and correct funding imbalances; and the board's conflict with State Superintendent Dr. Max Rafferty. The publications and speeches in the series cover a wide-range of educational topics including teacher loyalty oaths, the history segregation in California schools, the value of public education, textbook bias, and the challenges faced by African American youth.
Series 7. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People contains speeches and official position statements written and delivered by Nathaniel. Item .116 includes a 1975 pamphlet, "Who Will Lead the NAACP," outlining his qualifications to serve as chair of the NAACP National Board of Directors; the 56-page publication contains seven speeches/papers stating his views on subjects of interest to organization members. Item .119 includes a signed 1964 Sacramento Branch banquet program signed by speaker Jackie Robinson.
Series 8. Civil Rights comprises Nathaniel's lifelong work to ensure equal opportunity for all through California law. Many of the speeches in this series focus on fair housing, Ming v. Horgan, and Proposition 14; the establishment of a statewide Fair Employment Practices Commission; and affirmative action. Of note are items .150, a c.1959 paper coauthored with Loren Miller on legal and judicial enforcement of fair housing, and .152, a 1963 report on U.S. military integration, a presidential committee on which Nathaniel served.
Series 9. Horse Racing includes correspondence and newspaper clippings on Nathaniel's service with the California Horse Racing Board and his family's breeding and training thoroughbred horses at their Elk Grove, California ranch, Priscilla Bell Farm.
Series 10. Oversize Items contains the plaques and awards bestowed upon Nathaniel, copies of the Sacramento Outlook, the city's first African American newspaper for which he served as an editor, and other large items separated out from the collection for easier storage. If an item was pulled from its original folder, a separation sheet will indicate the item has been removed and its new location.
Series 11. Photographs includes 188 black and white, and color photographic stills and color transparencies. These images mostly focus on family activities, Nathaniel's public speaking engagements, the horse breeding at Priscilla Bell Farm, and winner's circle portraits.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the library's online public access catalog.
Brown, Edmund Gerald "Jerry," Jr., 1938-
Brown, Edmund Gerald "Pat," Sr., 1905-1996
Colley, Jerlean Jackson, 1919-1998
Colley, Nathaniel Sextus, 1918-1992
Evers, Medgar Wiley, 1925-1963
Kennedy, Anthony M., 1936-
Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963
Miller, Loren H., 1903-1967
Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972
California. State Board of Education
California Horse Racing Board
Colorfornia
Democratic Party (U.S.)
Executive Place
Know
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Sacramento Bee
Sacramento Magazine
Sacramento Observer
Sacramento Outlook
Sepia
Tuskegee Institute
United States. Supreme Court
University of the Pacific. McGeorge School of Law
Yale Law School
African Americans
Civil rights
Education
Housing
Horse racing
Sacramento (Calif.)-History
Travel

Related Material

Materials related to those in the Nathaniel S. and Jerlean J. Colley Papers may be found in the following collections at CSH: the KCRA TV Film Collection (1978/084), the Sacramento Ethnic Communities Survey - Black Oral Histories (1983/146), and the Sacramento Observer Collection (2011/031).

Container List

 

Series 1. Personal & Family

Box 1, Folder 1

Biography and Resume

Box 1, Folder 2

Awards

Box 1, Folder 3

Awards - Tribute Dinner January 13, 1968

Box 1, Folder 4

Awards - NJH/NAC Award Dinner December 4, 1980

Box 1, Folder 5

Awards - Tribute Dinner June 21, 1991

Box 1, Folder 6

Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 7

Death and Condolences

Box 1, Folder 8

Magazine Article - Colorfornia, p. 17 n.d.

Box 1, Folder 8

Magazine Article - KNOW, p. 12 June 1959

Box 1, Folder 8

Magazine Article - SEPIA, p. 35-37 January 1961

Box 1, Folder 8

Magazine Article - Sacramento Magazine, p. 78-792 September 1984

Box 1, Folder 8

Magazine Article - Executive Place, p. 26 June 1985

Box 1, Folder 8

Magazine Article - Executive Place, p. 44-51 April 1986

Box 1, Folder 8

Magazine Article - Sacramento Magazine, p. 66-70 April 1986

Box 1, Folder 9

Military Service

Box 1, Folder 10

Newspaper Clippings 1951-1991

Box 1, Folder 11

Newspaper Clippings, Sacramento Bee 1958-1984

Box 1, Folder 12

Religion

Box 1, Folder 13

Travel - Central and South America 1959

Box 1, Folder 14

Travel - Central and South America, Report 1959

Box 1, Folder 15

Travel - Africa and Europe 1960

Box 1, Folder 16

Travel - China 1987

Box 1, Folder 17

Travel - China, Report 1987

Box 1, Folder 18

Travel - Soviet Union 1990

Box 1, Folder 19

Travel - Soviet Union, Report 1990

Box 1, Folder 20

Jerlean Colley

Box 1, Folder 21

Jerlean Colley - Family Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 22

Jerlean Colley - Genealogy

 

Series 2. Tuskegee Institute

Box 1, Folder 23

Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 24

Newspaper Clippings

Box 1, Folder 25

Programs and Events

Box 1, Folder 26

Speeches - [Homecoming Address] November 7, 1965

Box 1, Folder 27

Speeches - "Education For What?" August 1967

Box 1, Folder 28

Speeches - "A Brain is a Terrible Thing to Wash" June 30, 1990

Box 1, Folder 29

Speeches - "The Role of Tuskegee Institute in a Changing Society" n.d.

 

Series 3. Sacramento Outlook 1948-1960

Box 1, Folder 30

Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 31

Editorials and Press Releases

Box 1, Folder 32

"One Man's Opinion"

 

Series 4. Legal Career

Box 2, Folder 1

Correspondence

Box 1, Folder 2

Newspaper Clippings 1950-1992

Box 2, Folder 3

Nathaniel S. Colley, Attorney-at-Law

Box 2, Folder 4

Nathaniel S. Colley, Attorney-at-Law - Cases

Box 2, Folder 5

Legal Organizations - Local

Box 2, Folder 6

Legal Organizations - State

Box 2, Folder 7

Legal Organizations - National

Box 2, Folder 8

Notary

Box 2, Folder 9

Anthony Kennedy

Box 2, Folder 10

Cruz Reynoso

Box 2, Folder 11

Yale University, School of Law

Box 2, Folder 12

Yale University, School of Law - Alumni

Box 2, Folder 13

University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Box 2, Folder 14

McGeorge School of Law

Box 2, Folder 15

McGeorge School of Law - Seminar, "Notes for Participation in Affirmative Action in Law" March 3, 1990

Box 2, Folder 16

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, Notes

Box 2, Folder 17

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Jurisprudence"

Box 2, Folder 18

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Nature of the Judicial Process"

Box 2, Folder 19

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Siblings Called Law and Religion"

Box 2, Folder 20

McGeorge School of Law = Jurisprudence Lecture, "Morals and the Law"

Box 2, Folder 21

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, [Natural Law]

Box 2, Folder 22

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Meaning, Historical Development, and Impact of Natural Law"

Box 2, Folder 23

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Review and Summary RE: Natural Law"

Box 2, Folder 24

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Natural Law: Cornerstone of Liberty or Merely Fiction"

Box 2, Folder 25

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Common Law: Its Meaning, Origins and Position or as a System of Jurisprudential Thought and Practice"

Box 2, Folder 26

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Origin, Nature and Impact of the Common Law"

Box 2, Folder 27

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Origin and Nature of the Common Law"

Box 2, Folder 28

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Origin and Nature of American Jurisprudence"

Box 2, Folder 29

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "From Natural Law to American Jurisprudence"

Box 2, Folder 30

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "American Jurisprudence in Historical Perspective"

Box 2, Folder 31

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Legal Realism, Sociological Jurisprudence and Some Tentative Conclusions"

Box 2, Folder 32

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Crime and Punishment"

Box 2, Folder 33

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Discovery in Criminal Cases"

Box 2, Folder 34

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "Points on Selecting Juries"

Box 2, Folder 35

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, "The Method of Evolution"

Box 2, Folder 36

McGeorge School of Law - Jurisprudence Lecture, [Unknown]

Box 2, Folder 37

Speeches - "The New Lawyer in a Changing Society" June 2, 1973

Box 2, Folder 38

Speeches - "Recent Developments in Class Actions" September 1974

Box 2, Folder 39

Speeches - "Remarks RE: Loren Miller on Occasion of Presentation of First Loren Miller Award" November 18, 1977

Box 2, Folder 40

Speeches - "Idealism and Realism in Law: How Can the Gap be Bridged?" April 26, 1980

Box 2, Folder 41

Speeches - "Law as a Weapon for Social Control" n.d.

Box 2, Folder 42

Speeches - "The Relevance of Legal Education to the Needs of Society" n.d.

 

Series 5. Politics

Box 2, Folder 43

Correspondence

Box 2, Folder 44

John F. Kennedy

Box 2, Folder 45

John F. Kennedy - Speech, "The Right to Equality of Opportunity in Housing" c. 1960

Box 2, Folder 46

John F. Kennedy - Speech, "He Killed Our Lincoln" November 27, 1963

Box 2, Folder 47

Newspaper Clippings 1952-1976

Box 2, Folder 48

Programs and Events - Local

Box 2, Folder 49

Programs and Events - State

Box 2, Folder 50

Programs and Events - National

Box 2, Folder 51

State Senate Campaign, 1956 - Campaign Material 1956

Box 2, Folder 52

State Senate Campaign, 1956 - Correspondence 1956

Box 2, Folder 53

State Senate Campaign, 1956 - Newspaper Clippings 1956

Box 2, Folder 54

State Senate Campaign, 1956 - Speech 1956

 

Series 6. Education and Youth

Box 3, Folder 1

Awards

Box 3, Folder 2

California State Board of Education Appointment Certificate

Box 3, Folder 3

Correspondence

Box 3, Folder 4

Correspondence - William and Rita Mack Case 1960

Box 3, Folder 5

Education Publications

Box 3, Folder 6

Newspaper Clippings 1953-1988

Box 3, Folder 7

Programs and Events

Box 3, Folder 8

Publication - "Loyalty and Patriotism" January 1962

Box 3, Folder 9

Publication - "Public School Desegregation in California Historical Background" September 1971

Box 3, Folder 10

Speeches - "Public Schools - Tool of Democracy" c. 1962

Box 3, Folder 11

Speeches - "Pro-Confederate Bias in Elementary Social Science Textbooks" February 19, 1962

Box 3, Folder 12

Speeches - "The Future Belongs to the Prepared" August 12, 1962

Box 3, Folder 13

Speeches - "An Ounce of Prevention" c. 1966

Box 3, Folder 14

Speeches - "The Future Belongs to the Prepared" June 9, 1977

Box 3, Folder 15

Speeches - "The Joys and Dangers of Success" February 27, 1989

Box 3, Folder 16

Speeches - "A Mind is a Terrible Thing to Wash" July 30, 1990

Box 3, Folder 17

Speeches - "A Few Worlds in Aid of a Complete Diagnosis of the Problems of Black Children" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 18

Speeches - "A Mind is a Terrible Thing to Wash" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 19

Speeches - [Negro Youth and Education] n.d.

Box 3, Folder 20

Speeches - "Philosophy of Education" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 21

Speeches - "Physical Fitness in the New Frontier" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 22

Speeches - "Problems Facing Negro Youth in Sacramento" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 23

Speeches - "Scholarship and Scholarships" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 24

Speeches - "Shall We Integrate the Schools?" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 25

Speeches - "Sketches of Horizons in New Dimensions as it Relates to Vocational Outlook" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 26

Speeches - "Youth and Responsibilities" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 27

Statements - [Attendance Areas] n.d.

 

Series 7. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

Box 3, Folder 28

Awards

Box 3, Folder 29

Correspondence

Box 3, Folder 30

Elections

Box 3, Folder 31

Legal Actions

Box 3, Folder 32

Newspaper Clippings 1954-1992

Box 3, Folder 33

Programs and Events 1958-1979

Box 3, Folder 34

Programs and Events 1980-1989

Box 3, Folder 35

Programs and Events, Life Membership and Awards Banquet March 30, 1961

Box 3, Folder 36

Programs and Events, National Headquarters Dedication October 18, 1986

Box 3, Folder 37

Publications and Reports

Box 3, Folder 38

Speeches - "The American Dilemma" c. 1959

Box 3, Folder 39

Speeches - [Lawyers' Panel at NAACP Convention] September 23, 1961

Box 3, Folder 40

Speeches - "Two Letters" April 23, 1972

Box 3, Folder 41

Speeches - [Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty] June 15, 1973

Box 3, Folder 42

Speeches - "The Moment to Decide" September 20, 1977

Box 3, Folder 43

Speeches - "The New Conspiracy to Steal the 14th Amendment" May 19, 1978

Box 3, Folder 44

Speeches - "Remarks Before the Sacramento City Council" November 8, 1978

Box 3, Folder 45

Speeches - "The American Dilemma [Medgar Evers]" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 46

Speeches - "The American Dilemma" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 47

Speeches - ""The Meaning of Bakke" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 48

Speeches - "The NAACP - Agitation or Advancement" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 49

Speeches - [The NAACP and Labor] n.d.

Box 3, Folder 50

Speeches - [The NAACP is Not Dead] n.d.

Box 3, Folder 51

Speeches - "Seven Ways to Live Without Self-Respect and Die Broke" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 52

Statements - "Affirmative Action or Quotas? It Depends Upon Whose Bull is Gored" November 15, 1972

Box 3, Folder 53

Statements - "Concerning the Confirmation of the Appointment of Justice Malcolm Lucas as Chief Justice of California" February 5, 1987

Box 3, Folder 54

Statements - "Concerning Exposure Draft No. 2 FNMA and FHLMC Proposed Uniform Mortgage and Deed Trust Forms" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 55

Statements - "Concerning Police Procedures" n.d.

Box 3, Folder 56

Statements - "On Selective Certification of Employees" n.d.

 

Series 8. Civil Rights

Box 4, Folder 1

Correspondence

Box 4, Folder 2

Legislation - California 1959-1968

Box 4, Folder 3

Legislation - United States 1970

Box 4, Folder 4

Newspaper Clippings 1949-1987

Box 4, Folder 5

Newspaper Clippings - Fair Housing 1954-1974

Box 4, Folder 6

Paper - "Civil Actions For Damages Arising out of Violations of Civil Rights," Hastings Law Journal, vol.17 December 1965

Box 4, Folder 7

Paper, Housing - "The California and Washington Fair Housing Cases" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 8

Paper, Housing - "Statutory and Judicial Enforcement of the Right to Housing," with Loren H. Miller c. 1959

Box 4, Folder 9

President's Committee on Equal Opportunity in the Armed Forces - Application

Box 4, Folder 10

President's Committee on Equal Opportunity in the Armed Forces - Initial Report, "Equality of Treatment and Opportunity for Negro Military Personnel Stationed Within the United States" June 13, 1963

Box 4, Folder 11

Programs and Events

Box 4, Folder 12

Publications

Box 4, Folder 13

Speeches - [The American Negro in the Business World] April 9, 1952

Box 4, Folder 14

Speeches - [An Analysis of AB900, Fair Employment Practices] c. 1953

Box 4, Folder 15

Speeches - [Legal Aspects of the Problems Attendant to Racial Integration in America] April 25, 1957

Box 4, Folder 16

Speeches - "The Status of the Negro in the United States" April 13, 1962

Box 4, Folder 17

Speeches - "The Emancipation Proclamation - A 100 Year Report" 1963

Box 4, Folder 18

Speeches - "Ethnic Peace and Progress - Strategy and Future Prospects" December 1966

Box 4, Folder 19

Speeches - "Pressed to the Wall" January 15, 1970

Box 4, Folder 20

Speeches - "Integration versus Black Nationalism" January 30, 1970

Box 4, Folder 21

Speeches - "Civil Rights Aspects of Personnel Management" October 4, 1971

Box 4, Folder 22

Speeches - "Breaking In and Holding On" August 23, 1975

Box 4, Folder 23

Speeches - "Retreat in the Face of Victory" March 26, 1977

Box 4, Folder 24

Speeches - [In Fact as In Law] 1987

Box 4, Folder 25

Speeches - "Afro-American Progress and Plans for the Future" c. 1988

Box 4, Folder 26

Speeches - "Civil Liberties and Human Dignity" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 27

Speeches - "Communism and Civil Rights" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 28

Speeches - "Constitutional Liberties and Restraints - A Series of Compromises" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 29

Speeches - "Democrats vs. Republicans - Civil Rights" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 30

Speeches - "Due Process - A Triumph of Western Civilization" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 31

Speeches - "Integration and Negro Enterprise" May 24, 1958

Box 4, Folder 32

Speeches - "The Moment to Decide" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 33

Speeches - "The Nature of the Problem of Discrimination" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 34

Speeches - "New Dimensions of Negro Political Thought" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 35

Speeches - "Our Cup Runneth Over" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 36

Speeches - "Random Thoughts on Neutrality in the Struggle for Social Justice" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 37

Speeches - "The Relevance of Dissent and Law and Order" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 38

Speeches - [The Role of a Council for Civic Unity in a Given Community] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 39

Speeches- "Strike While the Iron is Hot" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 40

Speeches - "Three Challenges to Men of Tomorrow" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 41

Speeches - "The Time is Now - Justice Delayed is Justice Denied" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 42

Speeches - "The Time is Now or Strike While the Iron is Hot" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 43

Speeches - "The White Man's Problem" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 44

Speeches - [With Respect to Civil Rights in America] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 45

Speeches - [Fragments] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 46

Speeches, Affirmative Action - "Affirmative Action or Quotas? It Depends Upon Whose Bull is Gored" November 15, 1972

Box 4, Folder 47

Speeches, Affirmative Action - "The Legal Issues of Goals, Quotas and Merit Principles" March 30, 1973

Box 4, Folder 48

Speeches, Affirmative Action - "A View of Affirmative Action from in a Hole" February 22, 1980

Box 4, Folder 49

Speeches, Affirmative Action - "The Legal, Moral and Social Imperatives of Affirmative Action" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 50

Speeches, Affirmative Action - "The Nature of the Problem" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 51

Speeches, Housing - "Desegregation in Housing" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 52

Speeches, Housing - "Housing" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 53

Speeches, Housing - [Large Lot Laws] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 54

Speeches, Housing - "The Legal Situation in Housing" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 55

Speeches, Housing - "Ming vs. Horgan - A Judicial Approach to Racial Discrimination in Housing" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 56

Speeches, Housing - [Proposition 14] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 57

Statements - [California Statutory Provisions Against Racial Discrimination] n.d.

Box 4, Folder 58

Statements - "Testimony Before Senate Labor Committee - AB91" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 59

Statements - "Why the Bar Should Oppose Proposition 14" n.d.

Box 4, Folder 60

White House Conference - "To Fulfill These Rights" June 1966

 

Series 9. Horse Racing

Box 4, Folder 61

California Horse Racing Board Appointment Certificate

Box 4, Folder 62

Correspondence

Box 4, Folder 63

Newspaper Clippings 1960-1987

Box 4, Folder 64

Priscilla Bell Farm

Box 4, Folder 65

Programs and Events

Box 4, Folder 66

Racing Programs

Box 4, Folder 67

Statements - "On Governmental Organization" October 5, 1976

 

Series 10. Oversize Items

Box 5

Drawing of Nathaniel S. Colley c. 1990

Box 5

Key to the City of Mobile (AL) n.d.

Box 5

Plaques - D.D. Mattocks Award February 3, 1962

Box 5

Plaques - California Trial Lawyers Association May 1, 1966

Box 5

Plaques - Los Angeles Tuskegee Alumni Club January 13, 1968

Box 5

Plaques - NAACP November 10, 1973

Box 5

Plaques - NJH/NAC December 4, 1980

Box 5

Plaques - NAACP-Bremerton (WA) Branch June 8, 1985

Box 5

Plaques - Association of Black Correctional Workers April 17, 1986

Box 5

Plaques - NAACP June 21, 1991

Box 6, Folder 1

Sacramento Outlook, p. 1 October 17, 1952

Box 6, Folder 1

Sacramento Outlook, p. 2 May 1, 1953

Box 6, Folder 1

Sacramento Outlook, p. 1 October 23, 1953

Box 6, Folder 1

Sacramento Outlook, p. 1, 4 May 21, 1954

Box 6, Folder 1

Sacramento Outlook, p. 1, 3 March 11, 1960

Box 6, Folder 1

Sacramento Outlook, p. 1 May 6, 1960

Box 6, Folder 1

Sacramento Outlook, p. 1, 2 September 9, 1960

Box 6, Folder 1

Sacramento Outlook, p. 1, 4 January 26, 1962

Box 6, Folder 1

Sacramento Outlook, p. 1 February 23, 1962

Box 6, Folder 2

Sacramento Observer, p. 2 January 3, 1962

Box 6, Folder 2

Sacramento Observer, p. 2 May 17, 1963

Box 6, Folder 2

Sacramento Observer, p. 2 October 1, 1964

Box 6, Folder 2

Sacramento Observer May 13, 1965

Box 6, Folder 2

Sacramento Observer, p. 1 January 6, 1966

Box 6, Folder 2

Sacramento Observer, p. 5 January 11, 1967

Box 6, Folder 2

Sacramento Observer, p.E-1, E-3 January 6, 1972

Box 6, Folder 2

Sacramento Observer, p. 111 December 1989

Box 6, Folder 3

Renegade Rip, p. 1 October 13, 1961

Box 6, Folder 3

The State Hornet, p. 1, 3 February 23, 1962

Box 6, Folder 3

Sacramento Legal Press, p. 1 December 19, 1967

Box 6, Folder 3

Sacramento Press-Journal, p. 1 September 9, 1974

 

Series 11. Photographs

 

Captain Nathaniel Colley, Philippines c. 1944

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Lieutenant Nathaniel Colley c. 1942

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley shoveling snow, New Haven, CT c. 1946

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Yale Law student Nathaniel Colley studying, New Haven, CT c. 1946

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley passport photo c. 1951

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley studio portrait c. 1963

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley studio portrait c. 1980

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley portrait c. 1975

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Jerlean (Jackson) Colley studio portrait c. 1941

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley studio portrait c. 1940

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Jerlean Colley passport photo c. 1987

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Colley family photo taken in their home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA, (L to R) Natalie, Jerlean, Sondra, Nathaniel, Ola Marie, Jerlean May 1956

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Colley family photo taken in their home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA, (L to R) Jerlean, Jerlean, Sondra, Nathaniel, Ola Marie, Natalie; May 1956

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Colley family photo taken in their home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA, (L to R) Jerlean, Jerlean, Sondra, Nathaniel, Natalie, Ola Marie May 1956

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Sondra Colley portrait May 1956

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley, Jr. with Santa Claus c. December 1962

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Exterior views of Colley home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA May 1956

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA c. July 1959

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Exterior views of Colley home, 5441 Pleasant Drive, Sacramento, CA c. July 1959

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Kenneth Johnson, Nathaniel Colley, Jerlean Colley, Ruth Johnson July 1959

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Jerlean, Nathaniel, Nathaniel Jr.; [color transparency] December 1971

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Jerlean and Nathaniel Colley with Santa Claus c. 1980

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley before flight c. 1959

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel and Jerlean Colley during China trip May 1987

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley on Alaskan fishing trip c. 1985

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Tuskegee Institute class reunion, Jerlean Colley fourth from the right c. 1951

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Tuskegee Institute Alumni, Nathaniel and Jerlean Colley middle row, third and seventh from the left, Los Angeles, CA August 1961

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

NAACP West Coast Region biennial conference September 1961

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Harold Craft entering the Law Offices of N.S. Colley, 621 P Street, Sacramento, CA c. 1950

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Interior of P Street office, Secretary Lala ?? on right c. 1955

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Attorney Nathaniel Colley in his office c. 1952

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Secretary Roberta Craft (Jerlean Colley's sister) c. 1952

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Construction views of 621 P Street August 1952

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Attorney Nathaniel Colley in his office c. 1972

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Exterior of Amador County Court House c. 1972

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley portrait c. 1975

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley presiding at western regional Mock Trial competition in the McGeorge School of Law Courtroom of the Future January 25, 1979

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley introducing Solicitor General Wade H. McCree, Jr. at McGeorge School of Law April 11, 1978

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Unknown meeting with Nathaniel Colley c. 1980

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Gov. Edmund G. "Pat" Brown, Nathaniel Colley, Sen. Clair Engle c.1962

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley, Jerlean Colley, Bernice Brown, Gov. Edmund G. "Pat" Brown, unknown, Sen. Clair Engle, unknown c.1962

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Sen. Clair Engle, Eddie Hall, Nathaniel Colley, Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson, Clarence Canson, Rev. Joseph Williams, Gov. Edmund G. "Pat" Brown November 1960

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Rep. John E. Moss and Nathaniel Colley November 5, 1968

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley giving an address, Seattle, WA 1962

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley speaking before the Iota Phi Lambda Sorority annual convention, Seattle, WA August 12, 1962

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley and Jerlean Colley in classroom c.1961

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley attending 30th Anniversary events of the Little Rock Nine, included Gov. Bill Clinton, Little Rock, AR October 1987

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

John Garamendi, Patti Garamendi, Jerlean Colley, Nathaniel Colley 1986

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Unknown, Jerlean Colley, Nathaniel Colley c.1948

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Jerlean Colley with United Crusade trophy October 1967

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

NAACP event, unknown, Rev. Odom, Nathaniel Colley, unknown, unknown, unknown, Novalin Sims, Sacramento, CA c. 1950s

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

NAACP event, front row - fourth from right, Novalin Sims, second from right Virna Canson, back row - first and second from left, Rev. Odom, Nathaniel Colley, Sacramento, CA c. 1950s

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

NAACP event, second from right, Virna Canson, first from right, Nathaniel Colley c. 1965

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Church event, Jerlean Colley upper-left corner, Sacramento, CA c. 1941

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley at banquet c. 1960s

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley with unknown group c. 1970s

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Pasadena NAACP awards banquet, Unknown, Nathaniel Colley, Ruby McKnight Williams c. 1972

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Pasadena NAACP awards banquet, Phyllis Dorn, Nathaniel Colley, LA County Supervisor Warren Dorn c. 1972

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Pasadena NAACP awards banquet, Ruby McKnight Williams, Phyllis Dorn, Nathaniel Colley, LA County Supervisor Warren Dorn c. 1972

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Pasadena NAACP awards banquet, Earl Raines, Ruby McKnight Williams, Phyllis Dorn, Nathaniel Colley, LA County Supervisor Warren Dorn c. 1972

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Jerlean and Nathaniel Colley c. 1985

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley receiving humanitarian award from the National Asthma Center, Sacramento, CA December 4, 1980

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Winner's circle photos of horses owned by Nathaniel Colley/Priscilla Bell Farms, includes Willie Shoemaker 1960-1987

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Priscilla Bell Farm horses 1965-1975

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Priscilla Bell Farm horses; [color transparencies] 1966

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley, Santa Anita Park, Arcadia, CA c. 1970s

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

California State Board of Education meeting c. 1961

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

California State Board of Education April 13, 1962

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Jerlean and Nathaniel Colley at White House reception for Grand Duchess of Luxembourg April 30, 1963

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley and President George H.W. Bush at White House January 21, 1990

Physical Location: Photo Archives
 

Nathaniel Colley and President Jimmy Carter at the White House March 27, 1980

Physical Location: Photo Archives