William Rich Hutton Papers: Finding Aid

Finding aid prepared by Huntington staff, before 1942, re-keyed by Brooke M. Black, May 24, 2013.
The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
© 2013
The Huntington Library. All rights reserved.


Overview of the Collection

Title: William Rich Hutton Papers
Dates (inclusive): 1840-1861
Collection Number: mssHM 43213-43227, mssFAC 807-845, mssFAC 1010
Creator: Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901.
Extent: 149 pieces in 2 boxes
Repository: The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens. Manuscripts Department
1151 Oxford Road
San Marino, California 91108
Phone: (626) 405-2129
Email: reference@huntington.org
URL: http://www.huntington.org
Abstract: This collection contains 96 drawings, 14 original letters, and 39 facsimiles of letters and manuscripts of California surveyor, topographer, and engineer William Rich Hutton (1826-1901). Includes both watercolor and pencil drawings of California (including Los Angeles, Monterey, San Francisco, the New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, and the California Missions), Baja California, Mexico, and Peru.
Language: English.

Access

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Administrative Information

Publication Rights

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Preferred Citation

[Identification of item]. William Rich Hutton Papers, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Provenance

Gift and purchase from Mary A. Hutton, 1939-1946; photostat (FAC 817) from John J. Lynch, City Clerk, San Jose, CA, December 26, 1939; and photostat (FAC 1010) from California Historical Society, San Francisco.

Alternative Form of Materials Available

Visit the Huntington Digital Library   to view the digitized drawings from this collection.

Biographical Note

William Rich Hutton (1826-1901), surveyor, topographer, and engineer, came to California in 1847 as a clerk with his uncle, Major William Rich, paymaster for U.S. volunteer troops. For the next six years, Hutton was employed as a surveyor and draftsman. During this time he made watercolor and pencil drawings of California scenes. In 1853 he returned to the East and worked as an engineer on various projects including the Washington Bridge and Hudson River Tunnel in New York City. Hutton’s younger brother, James D. Hutton, was also a topographer and artist.

Scope and Content

The collection contains 96 drawings, 14 original letters, and 39 facsimiles of letters and manuscripts.
The illustrative material includes both watercolor and pencil drawings of California (including Los Angeles, Monterey, San Francisco, the New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, and the California Missions), Baja California, Mexico, and Peru. The ones in color are noted below in the container list. One of the drawings is a facsimile (FAC 1010).
The majority of letters by William Rich Hutton are written to his uncle William Rich and his mother Salome Rich Hutton. There is also some correspondence between William Rich Hutton and his brother James D. Hutton. There are also letters by author María Amparo Ruiz de Burton (these letters are in Spanish), California Governor Persifor Frazer Smith, and Henry Wager Halleck. Some subjects of the correspondence include: Los Angeles, San Francisco, Benjamin Davis Wilson, Edward Otho Cresap Ord, William Goodwin Dana and his Nipomo Ranch (Dana Adobe), the New Almaden Mine, geologist Louis Agassiz, Henry H. Burton, Jessie Benton Frémont, and the Civil War in Washington DC and Baltimore. There are several facsimiles of manuscripts by William Rich Hutton, mostly anecdotes about his time in California.
Note: FAC 1010 is physically located after drawing #32.

Arrangement

Letters and manuscripts are arranged chronologically in one box. Hutton's drawings (96) are arranged in numerical order in the oversize box. Cards are filed in both the alphabetical and chronological sections of the Manuscripts catalog.

Indexing: Subjects

Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873.
  • Subject in Persifor Frazer Smith, 1798-1858, letter (1849, June 9) to William Rich. HM 43227.
Burton, Henry H.
  • Subject in William Rich letter (1849, July 30) to Salome Rich Hutton. HM 43226.
Dana, William Goodwin, 1797-1858.
  • Subject in Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901 “The Wedding” [1850, July]. FAC 813.
Dana Adobe.
  • Subject in Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901 “The Wedding” [1850, July]. FAC 813.
Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902.
  • Subject in William Rich letter (1849, July 30) to Salome Rich Hutton. HM 43226.
New Almaden Quicksilver Mine (Calif.).
  • Subject in H. W. (Henry Wager) Halleck, 1815-1872, letter (1855, May 31) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. FAC 814.
Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883
  • Subject in Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901, letters (1849) to William Rich. FAC 834-840.
Ruiz de Burton, María Amparo, 1832-1895.
  • Subject in William Rich letter (1849, July 30) to Salome Rich Hutton. HM 43226.
United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Baltimore (Md.).
  • Subject in James D. Hutton letters (1861) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM 43221-43224.
Wilson, Benjamin Davis, 1811-1878.
  • Subject in Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901, letter (1849, Sep. 1) to William Rich. FAC 840.

Indexing Terms

The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in the Huntington Library's Online Catalog.  

Subjects

Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873.
Burton, Henry H.
Dana, William Goodwin, 1797-1858.
Frémont, Jessie Benton, 1824-1902.
Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901.
Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883.
Wilson, Benjamin Davis, 1811-1878.
New Almaden Quicksilver Mines (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
Drafters -- California -- Archives.
Missions -- California -- Pictorial works.
Surveyors -- California -- Archives.
Baja California (Mexico : Peninsula) -- Pictorial works.
California -- Description and travel.
California -- Pictorial works.
California -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
California -- Social life and customs -- 19th century.
Los Angeles (Calif.) -- Description and travel.
Los Angeles (Calif.) -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
Los Angeles (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
Mexico -- Pictorial works.
Monterey (Calif.) -- Description and travel.
Monterey (Calif.) -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
Monterey (Calif.) -- Social life and customs -- 19th century.
Monterey (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
Peru -- Pictorial works.
San Francisco (Calif.) -- Description and travel.
San Francisco (Calif.) -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
San Francisco (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
Santa Barbara (Calif.) -- Pictorial works.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Anecdotes.

Forms/Genres

Drawings -- California -- 19th century.
Drawings Mexico Baja -- California -- 19th century.
Letters (correspondence) -- California -- 19th century.
Letters (correspondence) Mexico Baja -- California -- 19th century.
Watercolors -- California -- 19th century.
Watercolors Mexico Baja -- California -- 19th century.

Additional Contributors

Halleck, H. W. (Henry Wager), 1815-1872.
Hutton, James D.
Rich, William, 1800-1864.
Ruiz de Burton, María Amparo, 1832-1895.
Smith, Persifor Frazer, 1798-1858.


Collection Contents

Oversize Box

Drawings HM 43214 (1-95), FAC 1010

Item 1

“U.S.S. Ohio” and storeship “Southhampton,” 1847, probably at La Paz or Mazatlan

Item 2

Fort San Lorenzo, Chagres, January 1847

Item 3

Paita, Peru, March 1847

Item 4

Church, Paita, Peru

Item 5

Mole [breakwater] at Mazatlan, February 1848

Item 6

Outer harbor, Mazatlan, November 15, 1847

Item 7

Mazatlan, 1847

Item 8

Mazatlan, November 16, 1847

Item 9

Old harbor, Mazatlan, November 15, 1847

Item 10

La Paz, Lower California, 1847, entrance to bar

Item 11

La Paz, Lower California, 1847-1848

Item 12

Old Cuartel, La Paz, Lower California, [December 8, 1847?]

Item 13

American fortifications, La Paz, Lower California, 1847

Item 14

Cactus, La Paz, Lower California, January 1848 [various coastal scenes on verso]

Item 15

Mexican quail

Item 16

Nevada de Toluca [Mexico], May 23, 1853 color

Item 17

California scene

Item 18

Mission San Luis Rey, 1848

Item 19

Mission San Luis Rey, March 17, 1848

Item 20

Mission San Luis Rey, March 17, 1848

Item 21

Fort San Bernardino, October 1852

Item 22

Fort San Bernardino or Mormon Camp, October 1852

Item 23

Mormon Camp [Fort San Bernardino], October 1852

Item 24

San Pedro, California, 1847

Item 25

Fort Moore, Los Angeles, July 10, 1847

Item 26

Near Los Angeles, September 18, 1852 color (sky only)

Item 27

Los Angeles from the South, 1848

Item 28

Ciudad de Los Angeles, March 27, 1848

Item 29

Part of Los Angeles showing the Plaza and church, 1847

Item 30

Los Angeles, part of town and vineyard, 1847

Item 31

Los Angeles, September 1852

Item 32

City of Los Angeles from the North, 1852

Note

Followed by FAC 1010 – see end of drawing list.
Item 33

Santa Barbara, 1852

Item 34

Santa Barbara from the Anchorage, June 30, 1847

Item 35

Mission Santa Barbara from the hill, 1852 color

Item 36

Santa Barbara Mission, 1848

Item 37

Santa Barbara, 1847

Item 38

Water works, Santa Barbara Mission, August 3, 1847

Item 39

Rancho of Santa Manuela ([Francis Ziba] Branch) Arroyo Grande, [1851]

Item 40

Santa Manuela Arroyo Grande, May 19, 1851

Item 41

Valley of Los Osos (near San Luis Obispo), December 31, 1850

Item 42

Rancho de Los Osos (near San Luis Obispo) (Don Juan Wilson), October 1850

Item 43

Mission San Luis Obispo, December 3, 1850

Item 44

Mission San Luis Obispo, December 23, 1850

Item 45

Mission San Luis Obispo, December 27, 1850

Item 46

View of Monterey, 1849

Item 47

Monterey from Jones’ Fort, May 10, 1847

Item 48

Monterey (view from Garner’s house), 1848

Item 49

Monterey, 1849

Item 50

Monterey, 1849

Item 51

Monterey (from the old fort), June 5, 1847

Item 52

Monterey, 1849

Item 53

Main street near custom house, Monterey, 1849

Item 54

Monterey redoubt, November 18, 1848

Item 55

Monterey redoubt, June 1849

Item 56

Monterey from the redoubt, September 1851

Item 57

Rancheria de las Lavanderas (near the church), Monterey (washerwomen’s huts), November 19, 1848

Item 58

Custom house, Monterey, 1848

Item 59

Mission San Juan Bautista, September 20, 1847

Item 60

Mission San Juan Bautista, September 29, 1847

Item 61

Trying out the tallow, Monterey [1848?] color

Item 62

The slaughter ground, Monterey[1848?] color

Item 63

Chapel of the Presidio at Monterey, May 15, 1847

Item 64

Oak and pine trees, Monterey, 1849

Item 65

Monterey, 1849

Item 66

Pine cones

Item 67

Tree, near Monterey, October 15, 1848

Item 68

Mission San Carlos de Monterey, Carmel, [1848?] color

Item 69

Mission de San Carlos, Carmel, June 3, 1847

Item 70

Carmel Mission, 1847

Item 71

Carmel Mission, June 3, 1847

Item 72

New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, 1852 color

Item 73

New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, October 21, 1851 color

Item 74

New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, January 4, 1852 color (sky only)

Item 75

New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, October 1851

Item 76

New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, January 1852

Item 77

New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, January 4, 1852

Item 78

New Almaden Quicksilver Mine, February 8, 1852

Item 79

San Francisco from Rincon Point, 1847

Item 80

San Francisco from Rincon Point, October 6, 1847

Item 81

San Francisco, 1847

Item 82

San Francisco, view from City Hotel (south side of Plaza), September 27, 1847

Item 83

San Francisco Bay (looking north from Telegraph Hill), 1851

Item 84

Entrance to San Francisco Bay, [1851?]

Item 85

Redwoods, near Corte Madera, San Francisco Bay, October 1, 1847

Item 86

Benecia City from the Anchorage, July 4, 1848

Item 87

“Camp,” 1850 color

Item 88

Huehuero, My camp in the mountains, June 4, 1851

Item 89

Pine tree at Sutter’s Mill, 1849

Item 90

Sutter’s Fort, Sacramento, 1849

Item 91

Sutter’s Fort, April 1849

Item 92

Angel’s Camp Diggings, April 25, 1849

Item 93

Dry creek near Mokelumne River, April 22, 1849

Item 94

Mormon Island, April 15, 1849

Item 95

Mormon Island, April 1849

 

Mission of San Gabriel [ca. 1850]: facsimile. On verso: Scenes in Calif. [Located after drawing #32]. FAC 1010

Box 1

Letter and Manuscripts (original and facsimile)

 

Hutton, James D. 1 letter (1847, Feb. 22) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 816

 

Hutton, James D. Obligation of James D. Hutton to survey The Pueblo Lands of San Jose, California (1847, July 19): facsimile. FAC 817

 

[Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901]. The Battle of La Paz – From the Journal of an Officer: facsimile (1847, Nov. 16-Dec. 1). FAC 845

In the handwriting of William Rich Hutton.
 

[Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901]. Extracts from diary (1847-1849: facsimile. FAC 809

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1848, May 19) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 820

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. Trial and attempted execution of a horse thief at Monterey [1849, Feb.]. FAC 812

 

Smith, Persifor Frazer, 1798-1858. 1 letter (1849, June 9) to William Rich. HM 43227

 

Rich, William. 1 letter (1849, July 30) to Salome Rich Hutton. HM 43226

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1849, July 14) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 834

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1849, July 19) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 835

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1849, July 29) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 836

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1849, Aug. 5) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 837

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1849, Aug. 8) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 838

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1849, Aug. 19) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 839

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1849, Sep. 1) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 840

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1850, Jan. 31) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 821

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1850, Mar. 30) to Salome Rich Hutton. HM  43225

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1850, Apr. 15) to Ellen S. Hutton: facsimile. FAC 818

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1850, Apr. 18) to Nathaniel Henry Hutton: facsimile. FAC 819

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1850, May 24) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 822

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. The Wedding [1850, July]: facsimile. FAC 813

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1850, Sep. 30) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 823

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. Narrative of a horseback ride from San Luis Obispo to Monterey, a supposed ride of Victor Linares from Los Angeles to Monterey, and incidents at Francis Ziba Branch’s Rancho including the pursuit of Indian raiders (1850, Sep.): facsimile. FAC 810

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1850, Oct. 9) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 824

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1850, Dec. 23) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 841

Two copies.
 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. Anecdotes concerning Rev. Walter Cotton alcalde of Monterey, 1846-1848 [c.1850]: facsimile. FAC 807

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. Description and characterization of the Spanish Californians, especially the women [ca.1850]. facsimile. FAC 808

 

Ruiz de Burton, María Amparo, 1832-1895. 1 letter (1851, Feb. 17) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM 43219

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1851, Feb. 24) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 842

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1851, May 18) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 843

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1851, Dec. 11) to William Rich: facsimile. FAC 844

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1851, May 24) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 825

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1852, Feb. 29) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 826

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1852, May 31) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 827

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1852, June 25) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 828

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1852, Oct. 8) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 829

 

Ruiz de Burton, María Amparo, 1832-1895. 1 letter (1852, Nov. 15) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM 43215

Following the above: letters from Henry Stanton Burton to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901, 1852, Nov. 27.
 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1852, Nov. 26) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 830

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1852, Dec. 15) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 831

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. Story of an alleged attempt to sell the city of San Francisco, a document purporting to be a grant to the city of two square leagues of pueblo lands (1852): facsimile. FAC 811

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1853, Jan. 31) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 832

 

Hutton, Wm. R. (William Rich), 1826-1901. 1 letter (1853, Feb. 15) to Salome Rich Hutton: facsimile. FAC 833

 

Ruiz de Burton, María Amparo, 1832-1895. 1 letter (1853, Nov. 20) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM 43216

 

Halleck, H. W. (Henry Wager), 1815-1872. 1 letter (1855, May 31) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901: facsimile. FAC 814

 

Ruiz de Burton, María Amparo, 1832-1895. 1 letter ([1855], July 30) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM 43217

 

Halleck, H. W. (Henry Wager), 1815-1872. 1 letter (1855, Oct. 28) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901: facsimile. FAC 815

 

Ruiz de Burton, María Amparo, 1832-1895. 1 letter ([1855], July 30) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM 43217

 

Ruiz de Burton, María Amparo, 1832-1895. 1 letter (1855, Nov. 3) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM 43218

 

Hutton, James D. 1 letter (1860, Jan. 13) to Mary Augusta Clopper Hutton. HM 43220

 

Hutton, James D. 1 letter (1861, Apr. 19) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM  43221

 

Hutton, James D. 1 letter (1861, Apr. 19) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM  43222

 

Hutton, James D. 1 letter (1861, Apr. 22) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM  43223

 

Hutton, James D. 1 letter (1861, Apr. 25) to Wm. R. (William Rich) Hutton, 1826-1901. HM  43224